Portal field news

Portal field news

in ,

👩‍🎓 | Educational net, "Net trouble prevention enlightenment poster" data for schools started to be provided free of charge


写真 

Educational net, "net trouble prevention enlightenment poster" data for schools started to be provided free of charge

 
If you write the contents roughly
It can be posted in the school and used as an opportunity to think about information ethics on a daily basis.
 

Education Net started providing "Net trouble prevention enlightenment poster" data for schools free of charge from September 9th. … → Continue reading

 EdTechZine

"The power to continue learning for all"
"EdTechZine" is an online media of educational ICT (EdTech) for all people who want to learn and want to teach.
We hope that our readers will be able to help themselves to become involved in society and lead a fulfilling life.


Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Information ethics

Information ethics(Johorinri,British: information ethics) Means the general behavior required for humans to form an information-based society.specificationIs.Individual情报What is needed to handlemoralAnd社会To saycommunityIn, morality is unitedethicsIs formed.CurrentInformation societyThen, ethics combined based on morality is the norm of conductcoreThe idea is to form a better society so that actions in handling information do not adversely affect society as a whole.

Therefore, the basis of information ethics is at the level of thought.[1][2]..When it is embodied in society, it appears in the form of law and manners.

Overview

The mechanism for controlling information ethics islawIs generally used.The law has the property of being operated at the minimum level of ethics by requiring regulation from the law as a means of improving the quality of ethics when unethical behavior occurs.インターネットIn a society that uses information as a means of information, there is a strong tendency to seek the manners and morals necessary for interacting with people, and customs in the information society such as information morals and information manners are becoming commonplace.moralas well as the lawAndcustomAre different in nature, but morally combinedcommunityAsethicsIs formed, ethics and law are basically independent, and customs are a formal means of smoothly operating and maintaining ethics.Although morals, laws and customs are independent, information ethics exists as a means of combining them to maintain a better social formation.

Information ethics and issues of modern society

Media literacy

Information is importantvalueIn modern society, which plays a central role in the formation of society, it is possible to properly obtain information obtained not only from the Internet but also from external media such as newspapers, television, and radio, to detect the truth, to utilize it, and to understand and judge it. Certain media literacy is being emphasized.

Privacy issues

Technology has evolved in the Internet society in recent years, and information can be easily transmitted, duplicated, processed, edited, distributed, and shared at the individual level.Therefore, there are many cases of unknowingly becoming a perpetrator or indirectly becoming a victim, focusing on individual privacy.rightThe case of infringement has developed into a social problem, and it is necessary to pay attention to it.Information technologyin terms of,Information security measuresEtc. are also required.

Freedom of expression

Information ethicsFreedom of expressionIs often a problem as a whole.Therefore, I gave an opinion that there is no limit to the freedom of expression.・ Regulations "Freedom of expression is a fundamental human right, and newspapers have complete freedom of press and commentary. Therefore, be aware of the heavy responsibility of exercising it, and do not harm the public interest. We must give due consideration, "said Keizai Shimbun.This ethical view of Sankei Shimbun is based on the Code of Ethics of Newspapers established by the Japan Newspaper Publishers and Editors on June 2000, 12.・ No restrictions (meaning restrictions from others) Written in the Youth Net Regulation Law and Freedom of Expression, "Freedom of expression enables the reproduction of one's personality through communication with others through speech activities. The individualistic value of (the value of self-actualization), the democratic value of an individual participating in a democratic political process through speech activities (the value of self-government), and the best test of truth should be left to the speech market. It is said that it is a superior human right that receives strong protection in the human rights catalog, supported by the theory of free market, and it is ambiguous and unclear about freedom of expression, which is a superior human right. When legal regulation is added by law, the public side says "Self-censorship"(Self-censorship) is applied to refrain from legal expression, which causes a" chilling effect ", so laws that are unclear in the legal text are invalid in principle (principle of clarity)." Some have defined freedom of expression in this way.

Four Principles of Richard Severson

  1. Respect for intellectual property
  2. Respect for privacy
  3. Fair representation
  4. Nonmaleficience or "doing no harm"

Academic aspects of information ethics

Information ethics and ethics

The scholarship that is the basis for discussing information ethics academically is ethics.When morality entrusts the judgment of right and wrong to the individual and the combination of morality is ethics, information ethics has an academic aspect that does not disturb the order, adheres to the will and behavior of the individual and the community, and is questioned and evaluated by society.

Information ethics is defined as a discipline of ethics that focuses on the relationship between the creation, organization, dissemination, use and use of information and the norms of ethics and morals that govern human behavior in society.It provides a crucial framework for considering issues such as:For example, whether an artificial actor (agent) is moral, or what kind of morality should be embedded in a machine, which is related to moral actorness, and how the actor should behave in the information and communication network. These are new environmental issues, especially those that arise from the life cycle of information about ownership, copyright, digital divide, and digital copyright (generation, collection, recording, distribution, disposal, etc.).Information ethics is relevant to the field of computer ethics and the philosophy of information, and broadly explores issues related to ownership, access, privacy, security and the community.

Information ethics and aesthetics

The essence of information ethics is to carry out the formation of a better society.Information has traditionally had the property of being left to individual judgment and reflected in society.With the advent of the Internet society due to the development of technology, in today's society where information is indispensable as an index of daily life, information can be easily transmitted, duplicated, processed, edited, distributed and shared at the individual level.Therefore, the means of observing and respecting information ethics are also diversified due to individual differences.Ludwig WittgensteinIt is,Logical PhilosophyIn Proposition XNUMX, "Ethics is transcendental. (Ethics and beauty are one.)".In other words, beauty and ethics in the information society are fundamentally equal and can be replaced with observance and respect of individual values. If morality is seen as the essence of ethics, the value of morality is that "good deeds" are society. The idea is to refrain from acts that cause trouble to people, which is a pure motive of the whole and is a "bad act."The essence of aestheticsartIt is,AestheticsAt the root of ethics is the spiritual philosophy of "observing and respecting the formation of a better society."In other words, the aesthetic consciousness inherent in individual morals is called society.communityInformation ethics is to form a better society and reflect it while observing and respecting individual values.Information societyAt the core of ethicsAestheticsIs an academic way of thinking that exists.

Information ethics control

Control by law

In information ethics itselfGrammarDoes not exist,Information societyLaws are enacted to comply with the maintenance of order.The law derived from the idea of ​​information ethics isUnauthorized access prohibition law,Copyright,Personal Information Protection Law, Administrative personal information, information disclosure,Criminal law OfBusiness disruption charges such as computer damageas well as the Electronic computer fraud,Intellectual property rightIt is reflected in various fields such as protection of.In addition, ethical law infringes privacy and intellectual property rights.

Information ethics education

In information ethics educationmoralとethicsBecause it is difficult to express itself, there is a strong tendency to replace it with customs, which are external norms in society, and to educate them.customAsNetiquetteCompliance with various laws is a typical example of control.Laws and customsInformation technology,CustomHas the property of adapting if changes.MoralityethicsThe essence oflawas well as the customAlthough it transcends the definition of the appearance of information, the general idea of ​​reflecting the observance of information ethics in education as a means of forming a society in handling information is to use laws and customs as a means.EducationContributes to the understanding of information ethics.

Information ethics social efforts

The Information Processing Society of Japan established the "IPSJ Code of Ethics" at the 1996th Ordinary General Meeting on May 5, 20, and is developing organizational activities as a code of conduct.the current,Computer Software Copyright Association (ACCS) is receiving a lot of attention for its efforts in information ethics.In information-related fields that will continue to improve in the future, in addition to etiquette and etiquette on the network, thorough information ethics education that does not violate related laws such as copyright law is required. It can be said that sensible recognition and attitude will establish the advanced information society in the future.

References

Translation

Reference paper

  •  "The (Un) Possibility of Wittgenstein and Aesthetics" Aesthetics Vol. 55, No. 2 (No. 218), 2004.


Reference website

  • Village homepage (Personal homepage made by a person named Yoshiro Uemura) > "Ethics community center (themes of ethics in a narrow sense)" > "Modern ethics" > "5. Information ethics (computer and internet ethics)"""[1]" Information ethics2012 11 Month 28 Day.
Sankei Shimbun, Code of Ethics Freedom and Responsibility

Japan Newspaper Publishers and Editors, Code of Ethics for Newspapers http://www.pressnet.or.jp/statement/report/000621_390.html 』\ Youth Internet Regulation Law and Freedom of Expression Yoshinori Oshima

Related item

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ Toru Nishigaki / Satoshi Takenouchi, "The Thought of Information Ethics", NTT Publishing, 2007,ISBN 4757102151.
  2. ^ Sada Takenouchi / Shigeo Kawashima, "Challenge of Information Ethics", Gakubunsha, 2015,ISBN 476202550X.

外部 リンク


 

Back to Top
Close