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👩‍🎓 | Kagawa University Foreign Commissioner Announces Statement to Enhance National Support to National Universities


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Kagawa University Foreign Commissioner Announces Statement to Enhance National Support to National Universities

 
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As a result, the gap with the world has widened in basic research and academic research, and it is in a difficult situation to be behind other countries, and each national university requests more financial support so that it can fully enhance its functions. ing.
 

An off-campus member of the Kagawa University Management Committee has issued a statement calling for enhanced national support to strengthen the functions of national university corporations.operation… → Continue reading

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Financial support

Basic research

Basic research(Kisokenkyu,English: fundamental research, basic research) IsNATUREOr otherphenomenonBetterUnderstandingOr to predict科学Science aimed at improving the theoryResearchIs[1]..They are not intended to generate commercial profits directly or immediately, but can be thought of as a result of a desire for knowledge or curiosity.However, in the long run there are commercial benefitsApplied researchIt is the basis of.Basic research is mainlyUniversityAnd by the research group of the national organization.

JapaneseMinistry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsIn "Science and Technology Research Survey"

Without directly considering special applications and applicationshypothesis,theoryTo form orphenomenonOr observablefactNew with respect toknowledgeTheoretical or experimental research done to obtain

DefinitionHas been[2].

Overview

Basic researchA humanBelongs to世界To develop basic knowledge about.This is about how the world works, what causes it, why relationships are fixed, why it changes, and so on.Description OfDisprovabilityFocuses on.Basic research is the source of the newest scientific ideas and for the worldProofAnd newrecognitionIs the only way to get.

Basic research gives rise to new views, principles, theories, etc., but these are not readily available.However, it is the basis for progress through the aggregation of awareness and knowledge and development in other fields.Basic research rarely helps directly with everyday things, but it does provide new ideas for ways that can lead to innovations and breakthroughs in how to deal with problems.For example, todaycomputersWas done about a century agoMathIt would not be possible without the basic research of, but at that time the practical application of the mathematics was unknown.

In many cases, basic research is essential for expanding the elements of knowledge.At the center of the scientific worldEvery woman participating in the study applied SERUM to one half of her face and an identical product without the EGF cellular activator to the other half. The study ran for eight weeks, during which time participants applied the serum twice a day. To rule out any effect anticipation could have on results, the study was double-blinded, meaning that none of the women in the study, nor the scientists in charge of measuring results, knew which half was which. Efficacy was assessed by standardized photography and biophysical measurements to evaluate skin topography, density, and thickness.However, they are doing most of what is considered basic research.

America

AmericaIn the basic research after World War IIsponsorAsAmerican National Science FoundationWas founded.This founding was delayed due to political resistance and resistance from other federal agencies, as certain plans were too clearly empowered to sponsor basic research.

1956 , The cost of basic research was distributed as follows[3].

physics

"Basic science"physicsIt may also refer to.Philosophy of scienceAt(English editionOftenBasic physicsUnderlies other disciplines called "individual sciences", which are explained in principle as being derived from basic physics and can be reduced to basic physics.[4][5][6].

(English editionIn the proposition, individual science is from the ideal realm of basic physicsAppearedStudy areas with reality and law[7]..Basic scienceSocial scienceandApplied scienceAnd in generalnatural ScienceMay also be used to refer to[8][9][10][11][12][13].

Basic physicsRegularity of all things Of(English editionIn contrast to exploring, individual science is usually(English editionIncludes a law (if other conditions are equal).These are highly accurate and predictively accurate under "normal conditions", but there are exceptions.Although there are no exceptions[5] , The laws of chemistry are probably reduced to basic physics (Quantum mechanicsAnd thenQuantum electrodynamics[14][15]).Therefore chemistry is an individual science[7].

BiochemistryAs a link between physical science and biological science through, chemistry has a wide influence on various fields of science.Central scienceHas been seen as[16][17].

footnote

  1. ^ "What is basic research?”. National Science Foundation. October 2014th, 5Browse.
  2. ^ "Statistics Bureau Homepage / 23 Science and Technology Research Survey Glossary of Terms". October 2013th, 1Browse.
  3. ^ Hugh Davis Graham, Nancy A. Diamond, The rise of American research universities, http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=e-yeBo6p-_gC&pg=PA32 
  4. ^ Wolfgang Spohn, The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), p 305.
  5. ^ a b Alexander Reutlinger, Gerhard Schurz & Andreas Hüttemann, "Ceteris paribus laws", sec 1.1 "Systematic introduction", in Edward N Zalta, ed, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Spring 2011 edn.
  6. ^ Vítor Neves, ch 12 "Sciences as open systems—the case of economics", in Olga Pombo, Juan M Torres, John Symons & Shahid Rahman, eds, Special Sciences and the Unity of Science (Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York: Springer.
  7. ^ a b Anita Traninger, "Emergence as a model for the study of culture", pp 67–82, in Birgit Neumann & Ansgar Nünning, eds, Traveling Concepts for the Study of Culture (Berlin & Boston :, 2012), pp 70–71.
  8. ^ James McCormick (2001). “Scientific medicine—fact of fiction? The contribution of science to medicine”. Occasional Paper () (80): 3–6. PMC 2560978. PMID 19790950. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2560978/. 
  9. ^ Gerard Piel, "Science and the next fifty years", § "Applied vs basic science", , 1954 Jan;10(1): 17–20, p 18.
  10. ^ Richard Smith (Mar 2006). “The trouble with medical journals”. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 99 (3): 115–9. two:10.1258 / jrsm.99.3.115. PMC 1383755. PMID 16508048. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1383755/. 
  11. ^ Eric Holtzman (1981). “Science, philosophy, and society: Some recent books”. International Journal of Health Services 11 (1): 123–49. two:10.2190 / l5eu-e7pc-hxg6-euml. PMID 7016767. 
  12. ^ PM Strong PM; K McPherson (1982). “Natural science and medicine: Social science and medicine: Some methodological controversies”. Social Science & Medicine 16 (6): 643–57. two:10.1016 / 0277-9536 (82) 90454-3. PMID 7089600. 
  13. ^ Lucien R Karhausen (2000). “Causation: The elusive grail of epidemiology”. Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy 3 (1): 59–67. two:10.1023 / A: 1009970730507. PMID 11080970. 
  14. ^ Richard P Feynman, , exp edn w / new intro by (Princeton & London: Princeton University Press, 2006), p 5.
  15. ^ Schwarz JH (March 1998). “Figure 1: Contradictions lead to better theories”. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95: 2750–7. two:10.1073 / pnas.95.6.2750. PMC 19640. PMID 9501161. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC19640/figure/F1/.  in Schwarz, John H (1998). “Recent developments in superstring theory”. Proc. Natl. Academic Sci. USA 95 (6): 2750–7. two:10.1073 / pnas.95.6.2750. PMC 19640. PMID 9501161. http://www.pnas.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=9501161. 
  16. ^ Theodore E Brown, H Eugene Le May et al., Chemistry: The Central Science, 12th edn (Upper Saddle River NJ :, 2012).
  17. ^ Maria Burguete, ch 7 "History and philosophy of science: Towards a new epistemology", 7.3 "History of contemporary chemistry", in Maria Burguete & Liu Lam, eds, Science Matters: Humanities As Complex Systems (Singapore :, 2008), p 139: "Considering the extent that chemical methodology has contributed to other disciplines, it is tempting to take the charge that chemistry is in danger of losing its identity, or, to turn it around and proclaim instead that chemistry—today more than ever before—is the'central science' ".

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