In the past, the 5th floor and below were the mainstream, but when did the condominiums become high-rise? ｜ Condominium trend analysis
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Until the first half of the 2010s, it was popular just because it was a high-rise condominium, but recently, even super-high-rise condominiums have become unsold.
When condominiums first appeared, they were mostly 5 stories or less, but now they are 20 or more high-rise condominiums ... → Continue reading
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High-rise apartment(Choukouso Mansion) is a conventionalApartmentFor residential use that is significantly higher thanHigh-rise building OfCommonly known..From the form of its appearanceTower Mansion (Tawaman)Also called.
There is no legal definition for high-rise condominiums in Japan, but the "Condominium Encyclopedia"Building Standard Law Article 20"Height is 58mIt is synonymous with "buildings that exceed" (including over 18 floors, which are about the same height).
World's tallest high-rise condominium
The world's tallest high-rise condominiumList of high-rise apartments in the worldchecking ...
The United States of America
ニ ュ ー ヨ ー クWell, as soon as20st centuryfirst half·Great DepressionThere is a high-rise apartment building rush before and after..At the same time, the cityCentral ParkAlong the west side of, "The San Remo" (1930 , 27 stories), "The Eldorado" (1931 , 30 stories), mainly "The Century Apartment"ア ー ル デ コBoth styles are twin tower styleApartmentHas completed a total of 5 facilities.These apartments are still preserved as historic buildings andstatusIt is sold at a high price as an ultra-luxury apartment equipped with.
Second World WarLater, the cityマ ン ハ ッ タ ン OfMidtownInnumerable high-rise apartments have begun to stand in the area.In Europe and Americahousing complexIn the living style ofVeranda,バルコニーThe appearance of those buildings is not neededoffice building,HotelIt is often difficult to distinguish from such.
2001 , Eastern Manhattan,United Nations Headquarters BuildingCompleted in front of the real estate kingDonald Trump"Trump World Tower" (262m, 72nd floor) owned by1990 eraAnd laterWestern hemisphereIt is the highest height for a skyscraper built in.It is still the highest-rise building in the Western Hemisphere as a residential building.On the first floor of the same buildingJapanese cuisineIn addition to moving in the storeJapaneseMLBIt is also known that the players live there.
TraditionalDetached houseStrong commitment to living in a homeownership, disaster (Earthquake-火災In Japan, where there was a strong anxiety about high-rise residence from the aspect of), high-riseApartment houseMaintenance did not proceed.Also, it can be used for high-rise buildings.Fire truck(High-performance pump trucks, high-rise ladder trucks, etc.) have not been deployedMunicipalitiesThere were many (currently on the 11th floor and above)Sprinkler equipmentInstallation is mandatory).
However1974 (Showa 49),Kashima constructionOwnCompany housing"Shiinamachi Apartment"[Annotation 1](Toshima-ku, Tokyo, 18 stories)RC structureIt was proved that it is possible to increase the height of the condominium by constructing it in.afterwards,1976 (Showa 51)Sumitomo Real EstateIs Saitama prefectureYono City(CurrentSaitamaChuo-ku) With 21 floors and a height of 66mCondominium Completed "Yono House", which is considered to be the first high-rise condominium in Japan.at first,Floor-area ratio,Right of sunshineDue to such problems, a large land is required to build a high-rise condominium, and it is easy to acquire land.Suburb,RiverThere were many cases where it was located alongside.
1997 (Heisei9 years),DeregulationAs part ofFloor-area ratioUp to 600%Shade regulation"High-rise residential guidance district" to be exempted from the application is voted in, and corridors, stairs, etc. are excluded from the calculation of floor area ratio.Building Standards LawAmendment was approved.As a result, the construction of high-rise condominiums has increased rapidly, TokyoCity centerDue to the large supply of housing in the Gulf region and other areasReturn to the city centerIt also caused a phenomenon called.After that, in the suburbs of the big cityTrainAlong the lineProvincial cityMany high-rise condominiums have also been built.
Currently, the highest-rise high-rise condominiums in Japan areOsakaChuo-kuof"The Kitahama(54 stories, height 209m).The highest-rise plan is the "Toranomon / Azabudai Project West Wing" (64 stories, height 262.89m) in Minato-ku, Tokyo, which is scheduled to be completed in 2022.
Tower condominiums also have sales activities aimed at child-rearing groups by developers, and many residents are families...In the case of large tower condominiums, there are more than 1 units per building, which can be said to be a town, and there are areas where large-scale condominiums and tower condominiums occupy the chome...Various stores necessary for daily life have opened in the surrounding area to form a compact city, but in the early tower condominiums, the number of nursery schools tends to be small due to the aging of the residents..
Current high-rise apartment
|order||Name||image||Address||高 さ||Rank||Completion date|
|1||The Kitahama (Kitahama Tower)||OsakaChuo-ku||209.4cm||54 floor||2009/3|
|2||TokyoShinjuku ward||208.97cm||60 floor||2017/7|
|3||Park City Musashikosugi Mid Sky Tower||Kawasaki CityNakahara||203.45cm||59 floor||2009/4|
|4||Cross Tower Osaka Bay||OsakaMinato-ku||200.4cm||54 floor||2006/8|
|5||横 浜 市Naka-ku||199.95cm||58 floor||2020|
|6||City Tower Hiroshima||Hiroshima citySouth ward||197.5cm||52 floor||2016/8|
|7||THE TOKYO TOWERS|
|7||THE TOKYO TOWERS|
|Chuo-ku, Tokyo,||193.5cm||58 floor||2008/1|
|9||The Park House Nakanoshima Tower||OsakaKita||192.93cm||55 floor||2017|
|10||Kachidoki View Tower||Chuo-ku, Tokyo,||192.2cm||55 floor||2010/8|
|11||Tomihisa CrossComfort tower||Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo||191cm||55 floor||2015|
|12||Shiodome H block skyscraper|
|13||City Tower Kobe Sannomiya||Kobe CityChuo-ku||190cm||54 floor||2013/2|
|14||Osaka Hibiki no Machi The Sanctus Tower||OsakaNishi-ward||189.5cm||53 floor||2015/3|
|15||Owl tower||TokyoToshima ward||189.2cm||52 floor||2011/1|
|16||Toshima Eco Muses Town||Toshima Ward, Tokyo||189cm||49 floor||2015|
|17||Capital Gate Place The Tower||Chuo-ku, Tokyo,||187cm||53 floor||2015|
|18||Elsa Tower 55||SaitamaKawaguchi city||185.8cm||55 floor||1998/7|
|19||City Tower Musashikosugi||Nakahara Ward, Kawasaki City||185cm||53 floor||2015|
|20||Cielia Tower Senri Chuo||OsakaToyonaka City||184.92cm||52 floor||2019/2|
|21||Okawabata River City 21-|
Century Park Tower
|Chuo-ku, Tokyo,||180cm||54 floor||1999/3|
|22||Park City Toyosu||TokyoKoto Ward||179.96cm||52 floor||2008/3|
|23||Park City Musashikosugi The Garden Towers East||Nakahara Ward, Kawasaki City||178.90cm||53 floor||2017/12|
|24||Park City Musashikosugi The Garden Towers West||Nakahara Ward, Kawasaki City||178.90cm||53 floor||2018/11|
|25||KACHIDOKI THE TOWER||Chuo-ku, Tokyo,||178.78cm||53 floor||2016/11|
|26||Park Tower Harumi||Chuo-ku, Tokyo,||178.49cm||48 floor||2019/2|
|27||W Comfort Towers East||Koto Ward, Tokyo||178.48cm||54 floor||2004/8|
|28||hitoto Hiroshima The Tower||Hiroshima cityNaka-ku||178.08cm||53 floor||2020|
|29||The Tower Osaka||大阪 市 福島 区||177.7cm||49 floor||2008/6|
|30||City Tower Nishi-Umeda||OsakaFukushima||177.4cm||50 floor||2007/1|
|31||DEUX TOURS CANAL & SPA EAST Building||Chuo-ku, Tokyo,||177.3cm||52 floor||2015/9|
|31||DEUX TOURS CANAL & SPA WEST Building||Chuo-ku, Tokyo,||177.3cm||52 floor||2015/9|
|33||Koto Ward, Tokyo||175.01cm||52 floor||2012/12|
|34||Grand Front Osaka Owners Tower||Kita Ward, Osaka City||174.2cm||48 floor||2013/4|
|35||Makuhari Bay Park Sky Grand Tower||ChibaMihama||172.4cm||48 floor||2020|
|36||Park Axis Aoyama XNUMX-chome Tower||Minato-ku, Tokyo||172.39cm||46 floor||2007/3|
|37||Mikage Tower Residence||Kobe CityHigashinada Ward||170cm||47 floor||2010/3|
- The highest transition in height in Japan
- 1976-1987-Yono House (66m)
- 1987-1989- Bell park cityBuilding G (115.95m)
- 1989-1991- Okawabata River City 21River Point Tower (132m)
- 1991-1993-East Court 3rd Avenue (140m)
- 1993-1998- Orc Prior Tower ResidenceNUMXm
- 1998-2004 --Elsa Tower 55 (185m)
- 2004-2006 --Acty Shiodome (190m)
- 2006-2009 --Cross Tower Osaka Bay (200m)
- 2009 ~ --The Kitahama (209m)
- The highest transition in Japan for the number of floors
- 1976-1987-Yono House (22nd floor)
- 1987-1989-Bell Park City Building G (36th floor)
- 1989-1992- Okawabata River City 21River Point Tower (40th floor)
- 1992-1993 --Sakuramiya River City Water Tower Plaza (41st floor)
- 1993-1998- Orc Prior Tower Residence(50st floor)
- 1998-2004 --Elsa Tower 55 (55th floor)
- 2004-2008 --Acty Shiodome (56th floor)
- 2008-2009 --THE TOKYO TOWERS (58th floor)
- 2009-2017 --Park City Musashikosugi Mid Sky Tower (59th floor)
- 2017---The Parkhouse Nishi-Shinjuku Tower 60 (60th floor)
Under construction / planning
The order of heights of high-rise condominiums under construction and planned is as follows.
|Toranomon / Azabudai Project West Wing||Minato-ku, Tokyo||262.89cm||64 floor||2022|
|Toranomon / Azabudai Project East Building||Minato-ku, Tokyo||237.20cm||54 floor||2022|
|Nishi-Shinjuku XNUMX-chome West District Redevelopment||Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo||235cm||65 floor||2026 Every time|
|Minato-ku, Tokyo||221cm||54 floor||2020|
|Tsukishima XNUMX-chome District Type XNUMX Urban Redevelopment Project||Chuo-ku, Tokyo,||199cm||59 floor||2025|
|Park Tower Kachidoki South||Chuo-ku, Tokyo,||194.95cm||58 floor||2023|
|Umeda Sonezaki Plan||Kita Ward, Osaka City, Osaka Prefecture||193cm||56 floor||2022/3|
|Hamamatsucho XNUMX-chome C district redevelopment||Minato-ku, Tokyo||190cm||47 floor||2021|
|Tsukishima XNUMX-chome South District Type XNUMX Urban Redevelopment Project||Chuo-ku, Tokyo,||190cm||50 floor||2024|
|Toyomi District Type XNUMX Urban Redevelopment Project East Building||Chuo-ku, Tokyo,||189cm||56 floor||2025|
|Toyomi District Type XNUMX Urban Redevelopment Project West Building||Chuo-ku, Tokyo,||189cm||56 floor||2025|
|Nippon Medical School Musashi Kosugi Campus Redevelopment Plan C Block N Building||Nakahara Ward, Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture||188cm||50 floor||2023/8|
|Nippon Medical School Musashi Kosugi Campus Redevelopment Plan C Block S Building||Nakahara Ward, Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture||188cm||50 floor||2023/8|
|Yokohama Station Kita West Exit Tsuruya District Type XNUMX Urban Redevelopment Project||Yokohama city Kanagawa ward||180cm||44 floor||2021|
|Toyosu district 1-1 block||Koto Ward, Tokyo||180cm||50 floor||2021|
|Harumi 5-chome West District Type 5 Urban Redevelopment Project XNUMX-XNUMX Block||Chuo-ku, Tokyo,||180cm||50 floor||2024|
|Harumi 5-chome West District Type 6 Urban Redevelopment Project XNUMX-XNUMX Block||Chuo-ku, Tokyo,||180cm||50 floor||2024|
|Higashi Takasima District C District Building||Kanagawa Prefecture||180cm||52 floor||2025|
|Minamiikebukuro XNUMX-chome C district redevelopment north wing||Toshima Ward, Tokyo||180cm||51 floor||2025|
|Minami Ikebukuro XNUMX-chome C District Redevelopment South Building||Toshima Ward, Tokyo||180cm||51 floor||2025|
|Nishinippori station square district urban redevelopment project||Arakawa Ward, Tokyo||180cm||47 floor||2026|
|NAGOYA the TOWER||Nakamura-ku, Nagoya||149.1m||42 floor||2023/4|
Possibility of resonance with long-period ground motion
SkyscraperNatural vibration OfcycleIs longer than low-rise buildings,EarthquakeRecently, it has been pointed out that there is a possibility of resonance with the seismic motion of a huge subduction-zone earthquake with a long motion cycle.The history of skyscrapers in Japan is short, and since there are no skyscrapers that have experienced a huge subduction-zone earthquake, empirical predictions cannot be made, and simulations are the only option.Seismic control method,Seismic isolation methodThere are not a few high-rise condominiums built in Japan these days, but in any case, a huge subduction zone earthquakeLong-period ground motionFixing furniture is recommended in case of resonance with..Furthermore, there are concerns about the occurrence of "high-rise refugees" in which residents on the upper floors lose their means of transportation when the elevator stops due to an earthquake..
Difficulty in managing the management association
High-rise condominiums are large in scale and have a large number of compartmentalized owners.In addition, the view is one of the points that buyers of high-rise condominiums place importance on, and the price gap between the lower floors and the upper floors is generally large (it can be seen to be several times higher).[Annotation 2], The size of the income / asset disparity between compartmentalized ownersManagement associationEasy to affect operation.
Study the effects of the environment on the human bodyTokai UniversityFaculty of medicineFumio Osaka states that living on higher floors increases the rate of miscarriage among women and makes children more susceptible to hypothermia and allergic diseases..
Of the prestigious association presidentNoriyasu Nishimura"In terms of average academic ability, I think that children living in high-rise condominiums are probably higher than children who do not.", "Because the stimulation to the five senses is overwhelmingly small, it is not possible to train enough when the physical sensation should be naturally trained."It is a fact that the tendency is that things cannot be imagined due to lack of actual experience, and it tends to take time to understand."It has said.
Housing complexAnd super high-rise condominiums differ in the year of completion and the shape (structure of the building), but they have the same problem in that a large number of residents increase in a short period of time. As of 2016, the aging of residents has already begun in the early high-rise condominiums, as in the former housing complex.Some say that even in popular areas of the city, the rapid aging of the population will face the same problems as mountain villages, such as whether medical and long-term care facilities are sufficient..
Works set in a high-rise apartment
- "" (1975)- JG BallardNovel.
- "High rise(2015) --A film adaptation of the ballad novel.
- "Sand Tower-A Neighbor Who Knows Too Much(2016)- TBS OfTV drama..starring Miho Kanno.
- ^ It still exists as "Kashima Terrace House Minaminagasaki Building No. 1".
- ^ Exclusive part # Utility ratio by hierarchy and positionSee also.
- ^ a b c d e "Apartment Encyclopedia" pp. 18-19
- ^ a b c d Noriaki Sakamoto "About the aging of the tower apartment area in Koto-ku, TokyoEconomics Shibayashi 84 (1 ・ 2), 37-63, 2016-09, Hosei University Faculty of Economics Society
- ^ "[Official] NAGOYA the TOWER ｜ TOP page ｜ 42 floors above ground. The highest tower residence near "Nagoya" station.". [Official] NAGOYA the TOWER | 42 floors above ground. The highest tower residence near "Nagoya" station.. NovemberBrowse.
- ^ Mori Hiroshi (March 2007, 12). “"High-rise refugees" --A new dictionary to read the times --Business ABC". Nikkei BP.As of August 2010, 12オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.NovemberBrowse.
- ^ Does living on the upper floors of a tower apartment have a negative effect on health? Experts point out November 2015, 11 5:16 Weekly Women PRIME
- ^ The actual situation of "high-rise disease" that the media cannot report 6% miscarriage on the 33th floor and above & 44 years old and over 02:28 12/14 2010 Motoharu Miyoshi My News Japan
- ^ a b Tomoko Akiyama. “Nikkei Business Electronic Edition”(Japanese). Nikkei Business Electronic Edition. NovemberBrowse.
- ^ "Tawaman Upper floor child Reasons for "slow grades" Tutors noticed weaknesses in their homes (page 3)”(Japanese). PRESIDENT Online (September 2018, 9). NovemberBrowse.
- Japan Mansion SocietyHen "Apartment Encyclopedia" Civil Law Study Group, 2008.ISBN 978-4-89628-457-7.
- Image list of skyscrapers
- Large apartment
- Urban redevelopment
- List of tallest buildings in each prefecture
- Hashima - 1918 A nine-story high-rise house had already been built in.
- High altitude calmness