Portal field news

Portal field news

in ,

💼 | Reiwa XNUMXnd year new graduate employment turnover status lower than usual (Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare)


Reiwa XNUMXnd year New graduate employment turnover status lower than usual (Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare)

If you write the contents roughly
The turnover rate of new graduates in the second year of Reiwa decreased compared to the average year, both by educational background and by year of graduation.

The Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare has summarized the turnover status of new graduates within three years after employment.New in Reiwa XNUMXnd year ... → Continue reading

 Labor Newspaper

The "Labour Newspaper" delivers the latest information regarding personnel, labor, and health and safety from a neutral standpoint. We will deliver XNUMX to XNUMX daily, focusing on articles on inspections that report each case of violations of laws and regulations related to labor standards, news on work style reforms, carefully selected columns from the perspective of labor and safety.

Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.


Turnover(Rishokuritsu,British: employee turnover, employee churn rate) is a period of time (for example, one month) among workers who were working at a certain point in time.[1], No, 1 year or 3 years[2]), How much is thatLeft workAn index that expresses as a ratio.If this value is extremely highWorkerIt is implied that it is difficult for workers to settle in the job, and it is normal for them to be replaced. On the contrary, if it is extremely low, the worker will settle in the job.Career change,industryIt is suggested that the movement of labor between them is becoming difficult.The definition or calculation method of the turnover rate varies depending on the purpose for which it is obtained and the state of the obtained statistics. Therefore, the values ​​of the turnover rate published by different entities for different purposes should be simply compared. Can't[3].

If you think of the same phenomenon as the turnover rate, on the contrary, in terms of how many workers remain in the job.Retention rateIs used[4][5][6].

Turnover rate in companies

When focusing on one company, the turnover rate depends on that company at some point.employmentIt can be regarded as the percentage of workers who have left their jobs after canceling their employment relationship within a certain period of time.[Annotation 1]..The general method is to divide the number of employees who left the company for a certain period (for example, one year) from the starting date (such as the beginning of the term) by the number of employees on the starting date, but for new employees, it takes about three years. It is often the case that the turnover rate is calculated, or for those who joined the company mid-career, the time of each hire is used as the starting date.[2][3]..Also, regarding the denominator, considering the existence of those who enter the job during the term and leave the job immediately, the method of adding the number of employees during the term to the number of employees at the beginning of the term[6]There is also a method of using the average number of employees at the beginning and end of the term.

For those who want to work for a company, it is common to consider the turnover rate as one of the factors to judge the working environment of the company, but especiallyUnofficial offerIt is said that there are many cases where those who receive the job ask about the turnover rate.[2].

In general, the turnover rate tends to be high for jobs that require results in a relatively short period of time, and conversely, the turnover rate tends to be low for jobs that require long-term technical accumulation and skill. Is said to be[3]..In addition, in companies with a low turnover rate (high retention rate), the length of service of employees is long, which can be seen as a reflection of the fact that human resources are not flowing and the organization is becoming rigid.[5].

magazine"Oriental economyHowever, according to the ranking created from the employment status of new employees three years later for major Japanese companies, mining, rubber products, electricity / gas, air transportation, oil / coal products, non-ferrous metals, glass / earth and stone products , Precision equipment has a low turnover rate of 3% or less (retention rate of 10% or more), and conversely, retail industry, warehouse / transportation related industry, service industry, real estate industry, pulp / paper, and pulp / futures trading pulp. The turnover rate of non-manufacturing industries excluding paper is high at 90% or more (retention rate is low at less than 20%).

It is presumed that the reason for the high turnover rate in the non-manufacturing industry is that structural problems such as an increase in labor burden due to labor shortages have increased the turnover rate.[7]..According to the ranking also compiled by the magazine "Toyo Keizai"2010 から2015 The worst 5 companies that have reduced their regular employees in 3 yearsLand (real estate company)(99%),Uniden Holdings(Electrical equipment) (92%),Priest sushiIt is (92%), and two of the worst three are certainly retail and service industries.[8]

A large amount of turnover because the reason for retirement is not taken into account when calculating the turnover rate.RestructuringThe turnover rate may increase due to the implementation of.

Turnover rate in the labor market

JapanThen,Ministry of Health, Labor and WelfareCalculates and publishes the turnover rate as an index to capture trends in the labor market.

The most common areEmployment trend surveyIt is calculated based on[9], There the turnover rate is defined as "the ratio of turnover to the number of regular workers at the beginning of the year"[10].

Aside from this,Monthly Labor SurveyThe employment rate and turnover rate calculated based on the above are the increase / decrease in the number of workers in the relevant business establishment in the month including the transfer (transfer) between business establishments within the same company divided by the number of workers at the end of the previous month. Value[11].

These surveys conducted by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare areExtraction surveyTherefore, the turnover rate is calculated based on the estimated value.

The Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare also publishes statistics on the turnover status of new graduates, which isemployment insurance It is a value estimated from the registration status of the worker and the age of the worker.[12].


Changes in turnover rate within 1 year by educational background (%) [13][14]
GraduateJunior high school graduateHigh school graduateJunior college graduateUniversity graduate
1987 (Showa 62)39.819.813.611.1
1990 (Heisei02)43.021.614.210.3
1995 (Heisei07)45.621.216,112.2
2000 (Heisei 12)49.326.319.315.7
2005 (Heisei 17)45.325.019.515.0
2010 (Heisei 22)41.319.518.112.2
2015 (Heisei 27)42.618.218.611.9
2018 (Heisei 30)34.916.817.811.6
Changes in turnover rate within 3 year by educational background (%)[13][14]
GraduateJunior high school graduateHigh school graduateJunior college graduateUniversity graduate
1987 (Showa 62)64.546.238.428.4
1990 (Heisei02)
1995 (Heisei07)70.346.641.132.0
2000 (Heisei 12)73.050.342.936.5
2005 (Heisei 17)66.747.943.835.9
2010 (Heisei 22)
2015 (Heisei 27)64.139.341.531.8
2016 (Heisei 28)62.439.242.032.0
2016 (28) Graduated by industry (major classification) Turnover rate within 3 years (%)[14]
IndustryHigh school graduateJunior college graduateUniversity graduate
Mining, quarrying, gravel pitting24.3-15.0
Construction industry45.341.827.8
Manufacturing industry28.833.319.6
Electricity, gas, heat supply, water supply industry8.96.69.2
Information and communication industry41.837.828.8
Transportation, postal35.635.524.7
Wholesale trade41.642.729.2
Retail trade49.447.337.4
Real estate business, goods leasing business46.746.434.2
Academic research, professional / technical service industry38.246.132.8
Accommodation business, restaurant service business62.957.450.4
Life-related service industry, entertainment industry58.056.146.6
Education and learning support business58.039.545.9
Medical and welfare46.535.739.0
Complex service business26.929.627.2
Service industry (not classified elsewhere)44.846.235.6


注 釈

  1. ^ Voluntary retirementOrDismissalIt does not take into account whether or not the employee has re-employed for another job after leaving the job.


  1. ^ Daijirin Third Edition "Rishokuritsu [Turnover rate]』- Koto bank
  2. ^ a b c "en Partners Club Recruitment Q & A I have a question about the turnover rate.”. En-Japan. 2013/10/30Browse.
  3. ^ a b c "Turnover rate of the Human Resources Department in Japan”. I Cue. 2013/10/30Browse.
  4. ^ Yoshihiro Kishimoto (April 2013, 4). “Top 300 white companies with low turnover rate for new graduates Electricity / gas and shipping are in the white industry! ??”. Toyo Keizai Online. 2013/10/30Browse.
  5. ^ a b Calicone (August 2013, 8). “A must-see for job hunters who are lost The "industry with a low turnover rate" you are looking for is here!”. Amoeba News. 2013/10/30Browse.
  6. ^ a b Accor Management (May 2012, 5). “Calculation method of turnover rate / retention rate”. Accor Management. 2013/10/30Browse.
  7. ^ Soshiro Murayama (August 2019, 8). “Three years after new graduates, the ranking of 3 companies that“ young people will not quit ”has reached 300 companies with a retention rate of 100%.” (Japanese). Weekly Toyo Keizai: pp. 3. https://toyokeizai.net/articles/-/294471?page=3 2020/5/13Browse. 
  8. ^ Ranking of 5 companies that have reduced regular employees from 300 years ago http://toyokeizai.net/articles/-/174251
  9. ^ "Employment Trend Survey: Survey Overview”. Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. 2013/10/30Browse.
  10. ^ "Overview of the 23 Employment Trend Survey: Summary of Results”. Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. 2013/10/30Browse.
  11. ^ "Explanation of main ratios and terms used in welfare labor statistics”. Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. 2013/10/30Browse.
  12. ^ "List of materials related to the turnover status of new graduates”. Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. 2013/10/30Browse.
  13. ^ a b "We will announce the turnover status of new graduates (status of graduates in March 28) -The turnover rate of new graduates within 39.2 years after employment is 32.0% for new high school graduates and XNUMX for new university graduates. % ~ " (Press release), Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, (March 2019, 10), https://www.mhlw.go.jp/stf/houdou/0000177553_00002.html 2020/5/13Browse. 
  14. ^ a b c Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (January 2019, 10). “Turnover status of new graduates (PDF)". 2020/5/13Browse.

Related item

By year of graduation


Back to Top