Portal field news

Portal field news

in ,

👩‍🎓 | Measures to raise the turnout of young people, Internet voting 73%… Student survey

Photo Measures to raise the turnout of young people (n = 511)

Measures to raise the turnout of young people, Internet voting 73% ... Student survey

If you write the contents roughly
There is an urgent need to build a digital society where young people who will lead the next generation can live comfortably in all aspects of society, including politics, government, and private companies. "

Galois's university student-specialized sponsorship platform, "Gakusei Sponsorship," is aimed at students from all over Japan in "politics ... → Continue reading


The educational environment, university entrance examination reform, and the environment surrounding children are undergoing major changes. Amid the changes of this era, parents' interest in the education and career of children is only increasing. Risemum will transmit accurate and useful information centered on educational information, as a medium that is close to the hearts of parents. We will promptly deliver information that parents are interested in such as education reform, international education, examinations, educational events, STEM education including programming.

Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.


Main types of companies in Japan
privateCompanyPrivate companyPrivate store,Farmer-talent-Free announcerな ど
Partnership company
Joint stock company
A limited company
combinationCompanyAgricultural cooperativeな ど
Other corporationsMedical Corporation-School corporationな ど
Public companyState-owned enterpriseFormerNational forestな ど
Local public enterpriseMunicipal bus,Waterな ど
Independent administrative agencyな どSpecial corporationな ど

Company(Kigyo,British: business) IsProfitIt is an economic entity (economic unit) that carries out economic activities according to a certain plan for the purpose of.Social enterpriseTo distinguishCommercial enterpriseAlso say.Household,政府Line up withEconomyOne of the subjects.Country(Central government) AndLocal governmentCompanies owned byPublic company(Kokigyo), companies that are notprivateCompanyIt's called Minkankigyo. Usually, a company is a private company. "Corporate" as an everyday term is oftenCompanyAlthough it is synonymous with, private companies are also included in companies, so companies are a broader concept.

Broad senseCompanyIs an independent economic entity (economic unit) that carries out economic activities with a continuous intention according to a certain plan, not limited to commercial purposes.

2016 (Heisei28 years) CurrentlyJapanThe number of companies is about 385 million.CorporationIs about 187 million, and privately owned is 197 million. 99.7%中小企业so,WorkerTwo-thirds of them work for small businesses[1]..There are about 100 companies that have been in business for over 2 years.

Private and public companies

  • Private companies-for profitprivateA company invested and managed by.
  • Public company- Country(Central government) AndLocal governmentA company invested and managed by. (Public affairs)
    • Public enterprises-Companies funded by state-owned or local governments. (In a narrow sense, it refers only to local state-owned enterprises.)
      • State-owned enterprises-State-owned enterprises.
      • Local public enterprises-Companies funded by local public bodies.
    • Public enterprise[Note 1] --Companies run by the national or local governments (in a narrow sense, only local public enterprises)
      • State-owned enterprises-State-owned enterprises.
      • Local public enterprise[2] --A company run by a local public body.

Classification of companies

Positioning of companies and companies[3]
CompanyPublic company
Public-private mixed companies
Private enterprisesPrivate company
Collective company (company in a narrow sense)Commercial enterprise (company in a narrow sense)
Non profit company

From the perspective of who invests, companies can be divided into public companies, private companies, and public-private mixed companies.

Public enterprises are public entities, owned, controlled and managed by national and local governments.A national forestry project is an example of a country, and a local government is an example of a local government.Municipal bus, Municipal subway, etc.

Public-private mixed enterprises, along with national and local public bodies, are privatecapitalIs also a company that has been introduced at the same time.

Three public corporations, which were once called the three public corporations,Japan National Railway,Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Public Corporation,Japan Monopoly CorporationThen, privatization was promoted respectively.

Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Public CorporationNippon Telegraph and TelephoneLtd.(NTT), Japan Tobacco and Salt Public CorporationJapanese tobacco industryBecame a corporation (JT), eachListingAnd accepting private capital, but still the country (Minister of Finance) Is also a public-private mixed company because it holds shares.

Japanese National RailwaysJR GroupDivided and privatized intoEast Japan Railway(JR East),West Japan Railway Company(JR West Japan),Tokai passenger railway(JR Central)HoldingAll of them were released and completely privatized, so private companies and other JR group companies are still public companies because the country is wholly owned.

Private companies can be classified into individual companies and group companies.

Sole proprietorship is literally one personInvestment, A company to run.

Collective companies are companies that have multiple investors. This is a company in a narrow sense.

Collective enterprises can be classified into for-profit enterprises and non-profit enterprises.

Non-profit companies include consumer co-ops and someLife insuranceEmployed by the companyMutual companyProducts produced by investors and their companies, etc.Services OfuserIs a company that matches.

For-profit companies, this is a company in a narrow sense.

Corporate form

There are the following organizational forms of companies.

Company size


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ According to the Japanese lawPublic enterprise"Local Finance LawRefers to the above.


  1. ^ "THE21" August 2019 issue P8 (PHP Institute)
  2. ^ According to the Japanese lawLocal public enterprise"Local Public Enterprise LawRefers to the above.
  3. ^ Shinka suru nihon no keiei: Shakai toppu senryaku soshiki.Okamoto, Daisuke, 1958-, Furukawa, Yasuhiro, 1962-, Sato, Yamato, 1963-, Okamoto, Daisuke, 1958-, Furukawa, Yasuhiro, 1962-, Sato, Kazu, 1963-. Chikurashobo. (2012.4). ISBN 9784805109915. OCLC 820755015. https://www.worldcat.org/oclc/820755015 

Related item

外部 リンク


Back to Top