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👶 | 9% of postpartum moms are sick after giving birth "I feel lonely" and "lack of sleep".How did you get over it?


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9% of postpartum moms are sick after childbirth "feel lonely" and "lack of sleep".How did you get over it?

 
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When asked what they wanted their family and others to do during postpartum depression, the most common answer was "I want you to lie down" (59%).
 

BELTA, a female life stage brand operated by Bertha, has released a survey result on "how to overcome postpartum depression" ... → Continue reading

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Postpartum depression

Postpartum depression(English: Postpartum depression, PPD) Is mainly2-3 months after deliveryFemale hormones (female hormones)estrogen) Decreases sharplySerotoninIs to decreaseHormonal balanceThe main factor is the collapse ofPostpartumMood disorderA kind of. "Postpartum" is a term that refers to the period until 2-3 months have passed after childbirth, until the mother almost recovers to the pre-pregnancy state. Diagnosed when childcare is difficult.Not only the hormone imbalance after childbirth, but also the tiredness of unfamiliar childcare such as breastfeeding, changing diapers, and sleeping.Parenting stressIncluding external factors such as.Sometimes they are exactly the same,Childcare neurosisThere is also a view to distinguish () from the points of things that developed after "postpartum" and things mainly from external factors such as stress.[1][3][4][5][6][7].. "Postpartum depression" occurs in 10 in 20 to 1 women after giving birth, and it occurs within 1 to 2 weeks to several months after giving birth, which is long. Tends to subside within one year of childbirth[3][6]..Child-rearing neurosis and child-rearing depression can occur in both men and women[4][5]In some cases, no improvement is seen even after more than a year has passed since the child was born, and in some cases, it develops when a child about 1 years old who has reached "" is raised.In women, child-rearing neurosis is not only an external factor, but also an internal factor of self-mental instability due to a decrease in serotonin due to a decrease in estrogen that occurs before menstruation in the body.[1][3][4].

Cause

The exact cause of postpartum depression (PPD) is unknown, but possible causes have been analyzed as a combination of physical, emotional, genetic and social factors.[1][8]..These causes include changes in hormones in the body andLack of sleepMay include factors such as[1][9]. Most women experience short-term anxiety and unhappiness after childbirthBut,Postpartum depression should be suspected if these mood swings are severe and last for more than 2 weeks[1].

Risk factors for postpartum depression

Risk factors for postpartum depression include lack of surrounding support, past history of postpartum depression in women, ordepressionIf you have a family history ofBipolar disorder,Substance abuse disorderIf you are suffering from[1]..Postpartum depression diagnosis is based on symptoms[2].

Prevention / treatment

Psychosocial support for people at risk of postpartum depression (PPD) is a protective preventive measure for PPD.[10]..Psychological and social support includes community support such as meals, housework, mother care, and social support.[11].. For the treatment of PPDCounselingOr medication may be included[2]..The types of counseling that have proven to be effective include:Interpersonal therapy(IPT),Cognitive behavioral therapy(CBT), etc.[2].Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors(SSRI) is endorsed for its use by tentative evidence[2].

Postpartum psychosis

Postpartum depression affects and affects about 15% of postpartum women[12][13]..More severe postpartum mood disorders occur in approximately 1,000-1 per 2 postnatal women[14]..Postpartum psychosisMurder of a child under XNUMX year oldIt is one of the main causes of humanity and occurs in about 1 people per 10 births in the United States.[15].  

Symptoms / Effects on newborns

Symptoms include extreme sadness,fatigue,不安, Frequent crying, irritability, changes in sleep and dietary patterns, etc.[1]..Onset is usually seen within 1 week to 1 month after delivery[1]..Postpartum depression can also have a negative effect on newborns[16][2].

Male child-rearing neurosis / child-rearing depression

Unlike spouses, males do not change their hormonal balance in the body before and after childbirth, but males become mentally unstable due to external factors such as childcare stress. "Childcare depression" may occur[5][17][18][4][19] ..Specifically, if you are in a state of being sandwiched between work and childcare, and if you feel that your father's appearance and self are different from what you imagined, you will be required to be the "ideal father image". Cause a reason such as that.It is estimated to affect 1% to 26% of fathers who are raising infants and toddlers for the first time.[4][19].

The man who became a child-rearing neurose cites "I haven't had time for myself since I became a parent" as the number one cause.When asked "what are you worried about when raising children?", 37.6% of men were worried about "educational expenses", and 2% were "praising and scolding". , 36rd place is 3% "communication with children"[18].

As a countermeasure, both men and womenParenting stress"Home childcare leave" is recommended to ease the situation[5].

Relation


Source

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Postpartum Depression Facts". NIMH.As of August 2017, 6originalMore archives.2017/6/11Browse.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Pearlstein T, Howard M, Salisbury A, Zlotnick C (April 2009). "Postpartum depression". American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 200 ( two:10.1016 / j.ajog.2008.11.033. PMC 3918890. PMID 19318144.
  3. ^ a b c "Differences between Child-rearing Neurose and Postpartum Depression | Prescription for Child-rearing Neurose | Mamatena". web.archive.org (September 2022, 4). 2022/4/3Browse.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Childcare Neurose-Postpartum Depression / Mothers / Fathers Worried about Childcare- »[Official] Tokyo TMS Clinic: Medical Institution Specializing in TMS Treatment”(Japanese) (March 2021, 6). 2022/4/3Browse. “Postpartum depression is prone to instability due to a decrease in serotonin due to the rapid decrease in female hormone (estrogen) during childbirth. Also, the symptoms of child-rearing neurosis are often pre-menstrual. However, even before menstruation, estrogen decreases and serotonin decreases and becomes unstable. Do you go according to your own "mother image" and "dad image" that you had imagined before pregnancy and before giving birth? It is also characterized by being tired of the difference between "mother image" and "dad image", and easily getting tired of new relationships such as adoptive parents and mom friends. ”
  5. ^ a b c d "Relieved and depressed !? Recommendation of "home-based childcare leave" to ease childcare stress | TRILL”(Japanese). TRILL. 2022/4/3Browse.
  6. ^ a b c d "Maternity Blue and Postpartum Depression-Children's Future Promotion Bureau, Health and Welfare Department, Child-rearing Support Division". www.pref.hokkaido.lg.jp. 2022/4/3Browse.
  7. ^ Encyclopedia Nipponica (Nipponica), Igakukan of Food, Selected Edition of Japanese Language Dictionary, Digital Daijisen, Popular Edition.What is postpartum?”(Japanese). Koto bank. 2022/4/3Browse.
  8. ^ “Postpartum Depression: Pathophysiology, Treatment, and Emerging Therapeutics”. Annual Review of Medicine 70 (1): 183–196. (January 2019). two:10.1146 / annurev-med-041217-011106. PMID 30691372. 
  9. ^ “Reproductive hormone sensitivity and risk for depression across the female life cycle: a continuum of vulnerability?”. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience 33 (4): 331–43. (July 2008). PMC 2440795. PMID 18592034. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2440795/. 
  10. ^ "Perinatal Depression: Prevalence, Screening Accuracy, and Screening Outcomes”. Agency for Health Care Research and Quality. As of November 2013, 11originalMore archives.2017/6/11Browse.
  11. ^ Dennis, Cindy-Lee; Fung, Kenneth; Grigoriadis, Sophie; Robinson, Gail Erlick; Romans, Sarah; Ross, Lori (July 2007). “Traditional Postpartum Practices and Rituals: A Qualitative Systematic Review”. Women's Health 3 (4): 487–502. two:10.2217/17455057.3.4.487. ISSN 1745-5065. PMID 19804024. 
  12. ^ “Pharmacotherapy of Postpartum Depression: Current Approaches and Novel Drug Development”. CNS Drugs 33 (3): 265–282. (March 2019). two:10.1007 / s40263-019-00605-7. PMC 6424603. PMID 30790145. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424603/. 
  13. ^ “Perinatal depression: prevalence, screening accuracy, and screening outcomes”. Evidence Report / Technology Assessment (119): 1–8. (February 2005). two:10.1037 / e439372005-001. PMC 4780910. PMID 15760246. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4780910/6 
  14. ^ “Postpartum mood disorders”. International Review of Psychiatry 15 (3): 231–42. (August 2003). two:10.1080/09540260305196. PMID 15276962. 
  15. ^ “Maternal infanticide associated with mental illness: prevention and the promise of saved lives”. The American Journal of Psychiatry 161 (9): 1548–57. (September 2004). two:10.1176 / appi.ajp.161.9.1548. PMID 15337641. https://semanticscholar.org/paper/def0a99001d314fa34114ac5cc0e0feeccd9638e. 
  16. ^ “The effect of postpartum depression on child cognitive development and behavior: a review and critical analysis of the literature”. Archives of Women's Mental Health 6 (4): 263–74. (November 2003). two:10.1007 / s00737-003-0024-6. PMID 14628179. 
  17. ^ "Manga | The road to becoming a "father" "I understand the feelings of child-rearing neurosis."”(Japanese). kosodate LIFE (child-rearing life) (September 2021, 10). 2022/4/3Browse.
  18. ^ a b "Fathers who vomit child-rearing neuroses "I always feel lonely" (CHANTO WEB)". LINE NEWS. 2022/4/3Browse.
  19. ^ a b Paulson, James F. (2010). “Focusing on depression in expectant and new fathers: prenatal and postpartum depression not limited to mothers”. Psychiatric Times 27 (2). originalArchived as of 2012-08-05.. https://web.archive.org/web/20120805200822/http://www.psychiatrictimes.com/depression/content/article/10168/1519072. 

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