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👶 | [Ecology of XNUMX year old child XNUMX] Gununu ... It hurts! !!My son who likes mischief has a sticker on his face |


[Ecology of a XNUMX-year-old child XNUMX] Gununu ... it hurts! !!My son who likes mischief has a sticker on his face |

If you write the contents roughly
I'm acting while watching my dad's reaction ... I'm having fun with a convinced criminal (laughs) Mipapa-san ... Please guard your feet firmly when you put the sticker next time!

The second son from Miikunpapa (@ miikunpapa3), the dad of the 1-year-old Mi-kun and the 0920-year-old Hi-kun brothers ... → Continue reading

 Mama Square

"Mama Square" is filled with daily thoughts such as troubles, worries, fun, relaxed feelings, and things that we solved in this way.
I would be happy if it could be a clue to solving troubles to everyone reading it, empathy and hints for childcare

Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.


    Convinced criminal

    Convinced criminal(Kakushinhan,alone: Uberzeugungsverbrechen - Uberzeugungs: Confidence (by), crime: Crime) is executed with confidence in one's moral, religion, politics, economy, etc.crimeIs.In other words, it is a crime committed based on one's beliefs.The actors are "confident criminals" and "confident criminals" (der Uberzeugungsverbrecher).GermanyCriminal law scholarGustav RadbruchBy the proposal ofLegal term.Pirate,terrorismIs a typical example.

    In modern times, the meaning has changed from the original meaning, "a crime committed with conviction that it is bad", "an act / crime committed while knowing that it is bad, or a person who commits that act".Misuse OfvocabularyIs becoming established as[1][2]、そのように使用されることが多い。その意味で使用する場合、法的には「Deliberate crime」のほうが近い。


    確信犯(確信犯罪)とは、「自分が行うことは周囲(社会) And政府 Ofcommand,Parliament Oflegislationには反している(かもしれない)が、conscienceに照らし合わせて正しい」との確信のもとに行われる犯罪である。「良心に基づく確信」の部分だけでも定義としては十分であるが、犯罪を敢えて行った動機を「確信」によって説明するという語の趣旨からして、違法性の認識が前提されていると考えるのが普通である[3].Social justiceAnd conscience動機The part is important in understanding the conviction.

    It is not used only for political and religious crimes, nor is it used only for positive acts such as attacking or killing others or destroying property.For example, contrary to parliamentary law and administrative ordersHolocaustActs that do not cooperate with, persons who have been ordered to be imprisoned (JewEtc.) and political prisoners abroadescapeTheAssistanceOr, in modern times, if you are guilty of performing a treatment that is prohibited by law on scientific grounds, or if you are proactive.EuthanasiaSystematic involvement in, if there is no provision in the lawConscientious objection to military serviceEtc. may be classified as convictions.In many dictionaries "Political prisonerPolitical prisoners, thought criminals, convinced criminals, orPersonality disorderThis is because there are many cases of crimes by.

    Interpretation different from the original meaning

    "Convinced criminal" in JapanJapaneseIt is,1990(Heisei2年)頃から広まったが[4]、「宗教的・政治的な確信」という要素が脱落し、単に「悪いことであると分かっていながらなされる行為・犯罪」というPurposely犯罪や常習犯罪の意味で広く用いられている。2002年(平成14年)の『Public opinion poll on Japanese language』, It is known that about 6% of people understand in a new sense.As the use in a new sense increases, it is expected that the use in the original sense in daily life will further decrease.[4]。ただし、本来「正しいと確信して」だったものが「間違っていると確信して」と"逆の意味に変わった"というような説明は正確でないため注意が必要である[5].

    "bona fide""Malicious""Business""EmployeeThere are some cases where the meaning in everyday language and the meaning as a legal term are different. "Convinced criminal" could be one of them.

    Supplement-Translation from German

    German conviction Has the meaning of "belief" and "creed".Chinese-speakingThen, there are treatises that describe with words such as "creed criminal" and "faith criminal".[6].

    In the context of Radbruch Uberzeugungsverbrecher First appeared in the 1923 treatise "Convinced Criminals (der Uberzeugungsverbrecher)''[7]And later his valueRelativismIt became more generalized as a convinced actor.Radbruch served as a member of the German Social Democratic Party from 1920 to 1924 and was a member of the German Bundestag from 1921 to 1923.StresemannServed as Minister of Justice of the Cabinet, in the 1923 Penal Code AmendmentDeath penalty abolition theoryHe presented the issue of conviction crime as one of the important grounds for.However, the theory of the convinced actor of Lardbruch did not go through,Educational sentenceAnd the need for social rehabilitation of criminals was agreed.

    In 1949 after World War IIAbolition of the death penalty in GermanyIs being implemented,German Criminal CodeThe doctrine of the adversary is not reflected in, and the terrorists "want to be treated as prisoners of war rather than as crimes with the shield of being in a state of war with the state" and "ethically equal position." Treated as "one vulgar criminal, not a standing adversary."At the core, the problems of confident activists presented by Latbruch include freedom of thought, freedom of thought, and freedom of thought in democracy.Right of resistanceIt is a modern unsolved issue as a problem of[8]..Radbruch's theory of resistanceKelsenと と も にToshiyoshi MiyazawaIs said to be influencing[9].

    In Japanese Uberzeugungsverbrechen Is translated as "confidence crime", but "confidence crime" is well established.It may be used as a phrase to blame a person who intentionally does something terrible, especially when the law is not a topic.[2]..Actions that do not fall under the crime may also be called convictions.[10].


    [How to use footnotes]

    注 釈


    1. ^ "Meaning of "convinced criminal"". Agency for Cultural Affairs Monthly Report "Word Q & A". Agency for Cultural Affairs (June 2012). 2020/6/29Browse.
    2. ^ a b "About the result of "Public opinion survey on Japanese language" in 14”. Agency for Cultural Affairs (June 2003). 2015/6/15Browse.
    3. ^ "確信犯の意味 [また、しつこく]”(December 2017). 2022/8/15Browse.
    4. ^ a b "Meaning of "convinced criminal" --Q & A of words-- Agency for Cultural Affairs Monthly Report May 24 (No.5)". Culture Department Japanese Language DivisionAgency for Cultural Affairs (May 2012). 2015/6/15Browse.
    5. ^ "確信犯の意味 [くどいけど、念のために]”(December 2018). 2022/8/15Browse.
    6. ^ [1][2][3].
    7. ^ Arthur Kaufmann & Kenji Ueda 2008, p. 66
    8. ^ Arthur Kaufmann & Kenji Ueda 2008, p. 75
    9. ^ "Law and Justice"Takao Nagao(Administration 2000-02-29, Prefectural University of Kumamoto) [4][5]Footnote XNUMX
    10. ^ For example,
      Yasuo Ohara "Imitation of Shigeru Yoshida's visit to Yasukuni--A Study on Prime Minister's Visit to Yasukuni", Seiron, Sankei Shimbun, September 2004, pp. 9-62, NOT 40006322656.
      "Matsumotokiyoshi is in great shape now is the peak"-the president's "confident management" has many enemies. "Monthly Temis, Vol. 13, No. 2, Temis, February 2004, 2-60. page, NOT 40006072114.
      Takeshi Miyamoto "Questioning the Postal Contest-" Convinced Criminal "Prime Minister Koizumi's Responsibility Is Inevitable" "Avant-Garde", Central Committee of the Japanese Communist Party, November 2001, pp. 11-47, NOT 40002200464.
      "Criminal misalignment unique to 4-color printing (Special feature: Miran Fukuda's masterpieces for us!)-(Reproduction" masterpieces "Hanazakari)" "Geijutsu Shincho" Vol. 50, No. 8, Shinchosha, 1999 August, 8-12, NOT 40000935805.
      Beji Sasaki "<Talking about the defeated general, soldiers> Beji Sasaki (former president of Frisia Macross) bet on the bubble with a" convinced criminal "..." "Nikkei Business", Nikkei BP, October 1997, 10 Sun, pp. 27-115, NOT 40002806733.


    related document

    • Hisamaru Watanabe "<Article> Gustav Radbruch's Theory of Resistance to Nazi Fascism in" Relativism in Legal Philosophy "", Doshisha Law, Vol. 24, No. 4, Doshisha University, January 1973, 1, 31 -Page 1, NOT 110000199439.

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