The registered dietitian saw!Three behaviors common to successful dieters
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Furthermore, by accumulating successful experiences in this way, self-efficacy will increase, leading to increased motivation.
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Self-efficacy(Jikoko Ryokukan) orSelf-efficacy(Self-efficacy) means that if you can perform the necessary actions in a certain situation, you can realize your potential.CognitionDoing things..CanadianpsychologistAlbert BanduraAdvocated by.Self-efficacy,Self-possibilityIt may be translated as.It ’s one of Bandura ’s core concepts., The stronger the self-efficacy, the more likely it is to actually carry out the action..Through self-efficacy, people control their thoughts, feelings, and actions.[Source required].
To a similar term,Self-esteemThere is (self-esteem), but self-esteem is due to believing in yourself or being evaluated as believing in yourself感情MeansOn the other hand, self-efficacy recognizes that one has the ability to achieve a certain goal.Refers to.However, with high self-esteem, even difficult tasks often result in success. .
Result (Achievement of action)
|Expected efficacy||Expected results|
Bandura cites two leading factors in behavioral performance: outcome prediction and efficacy prediction.Outcome Expectation is the speculation that an action produces an outcome...Efficacy Expectation is the belief that you can successfully perform the actions necessary to produce a result.Self-efficacy refers to the degree of confidence that one can take appropriate actions to produce a result, that is, to recognize how much one has an expectation of efficacy..
Leading factors for self-efficacy
The basis for creating a sense of self-efficacy is said to be as follows.
- Achievement experience (the most important factor, the experience of achieving or succeeding in something)
- Surrogate experience (observing that others achieve or succeed)
- Linguistic persuasion (verbally explaining that you have the ability, linguistic encouragement)
- Physiological and emotional uplifting (uplifting about drugs such as alcohol and other factors)
- Imaginary experience (imagining the successful experience of oneself and others) -by O. Maddux.
- Approval (recognized by others)
Type of self-efficacy
- Self-control self-efficacy: Basic self-efficacy that controls one's behavior
- Social self-efficacy: self-efficacy in interpersonal relationships
- Academic self-efficacy: Self-efficacy in school studies, etc.
Impact on people
It is said that the following can be obtained as a result of gaining self-efficacy..
- Achievement of action.The higher the self-efficacy, the higher the rate of accomplishing a given task..
- Will make more efforts to achieve.
- If you have a similar experience in the future, you will think that it is achievable and will take similar actions.
- Changes in physiological and psychological reactions..The higher the self-efficacy, the less anxiety, fear and fear, and the more stable the heart rate..
smoking,Fitness,dietHealth-affecting choices such as condom use, dental hygiene, seatbelt use, and breast self-examination depend on self-efficacy...Self-efficacy determines whether changes in health behavior begin, how much effort is spent on it, and how long an effort is continued in the face of disability or failure.Self-efficacy influences how high health goals people set (for example, "I'm going to reduce smoking" or "I'm going to quit smoking altogether").Many studies on health care choices employ self-efficacy to assess their potential for behavioral changes...As self-efficacy increases, individuals become more confident in their abilities and therefore more likely to engage in healthy behavior.Getting closer to healthy behaviorQOLIt brings good results to the patient's health, such as improvement of the patient.
In modern times, the center of medical care is from hospital / patient models.Health PromotionSelf-efficacy is a citizen's healthy behavior and as it is transitioning to andSelf careIt is regarded as a strong influence tool for. According to Luszczynska and SchwarzerSelf-efficacy not only influences the uptake, initiation and continuation of healthy behavior, but also plays a role in curbing unhealthy habits.
In the medical field,Patient educationInterventions based on self-efficacy can be performed in.For exampleHealth promotionBy introducing examples of people who are actively working on, we can help patients' self-reform efforts... For exampleNon smokingな ど.
- ^ a b c d Kenichi Narita, Junko Shimonaka, Katsuji Nakazato, Chieko Kawai, Shinichi Sato, Yukiko Nagata "Examination of Characteristic Self-Efficacy Scale-Exploring the Possibility of Lifelong Developmental Use-" "Educational Psychology Research" Vol. 43, No. 3 Issue, September 1995, 9, pp. 30-306, NOT 110001892995.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Rina Emoto, "Conceptual Analysis of Self-efficacy," Journal of the Japanese Society of Nursing Science, Vol. 20, No. 2, 2000, pp. 39-45, two:10.5630 / jans1981.20.2_39.
- ^ a b c d e f Albert, Bandura (March 1977). “Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change”. Psychological Review (American Psychological Association) 84 (2): 191-215. two:10.1037 / 0033-295X.84.2.191.
- ^ a b c d Bandura, A. "Self-Effectiveness in a Turbulent Society" Hiroshi Motoaki et al. (Translation), Kaneko Shobo, November 1997, 11, p. 10.ISBN 9784760822836.
- ^ Bandura, A. "Social Learning Theory" Kotaro Harano (translated), Kaneko Shobo, 1979, p. 249.
- ^ a b Muddux, JE. Shane J. Lopez and CR Snyder. Ed. Self-efficacy: The Power of believing you can. ISBN 9780195187243
- ^ Hajime Ota(2011) "Approval and Motivation -The Demonstrated Effect-" Dobunkan Publishing, the same (2019) "The Curse of" Approval Needs "" Shinchosha.
- ^ Conner, M., ed (2005). Predicting health behavior (2nd ed. Rev. ed.). Buckingham, England: Open University Press
- ^ a b Luszczynska, A. & Schwarzer, R. (2005). “Social cognitive theory”. Predicting health behavior (2nd ed. Rev. ed.). Buckingham, England: Open University Press
- ^ Ball, J., Bindler, R., Cowen, K., & Shaw, M. (2017). Principles of Pediatric Nursing: Caring for Children (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River: Pearson.