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🏥 | Intuition and intuition are important! "Don't think, feel" cannot be underestimated [Prove by science!Really reliable stress relief method]


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Intuition and intuition are important! "Don't think, feel" cannot be underestimated [Prove by science!Really reliable stress relief method]

 
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Intuition and intuition are important to live stress-free in an era of information overload.
 

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night sky. feat. Haji →/Stress free

"night sky. feat. Haji →/Stress free(Yozora. Featuring Hazy/Stress Free)Japan OfSinger-songwriter-miwaThe firstsingle.2015 May 8ToSony Music RecordsReleased from.[3][4]

Commentary

The 18th major single.Both A side singleIs the third piece.

The title song "Yozora. feat. Haji →"SendaiFromSinger-songwriter-Haji →TheFeaturingLoveBalladnumber. Being the first to feature another artist[5].PVIs composed of a song part and a drama part by miwa and haji →Kentaro SakaguchiとRiho Takada,Tsuyoshi MuroWill appear[6].

The second song "Stress Free" is the 2th album "ONENESS"fromRecutで[5][7],TV AsahisystemFriday night drama"Minwang] Theme song[5][8].. Miwa himself is also at the ending of the dramaCameo appearancedoing[8].

Coupling songIsMomoiro Clover ZMusic provided toSomeday you"ofSelf coverRecord version[7].

The single version will be released as a limited edition and a normal version. The first limited edition includes a recording movie of "Yozora.", PV of "stress free" and choreography guide.DVDComes with[7].

recorded music

CD
#titleLyricsCompositionArrangerTime
1."Yozora. feat. Haji →"miwaHaji →miwa haji →Kotaro Kodaka
2."Stress Free"miwamiwaNAOKI-TNAOKI-T
3."Someday you will"Momoiro Clover Z・MiwamiwaNAOKI-T
4."Yozora. feat. Me → (miwa only ver.)"(Only for the first limited edition)   
5."Yozora. feat. Haji → (instrumental)''(Only for the first limited edition)   
6."Stress free (instrumental)"(Only for the first limited edition)   
total time:

First Press Limited Edition DVD

  1. night sky. feat. Haji → (Recording Making)
  2. Stress Free (Video Clip)
  3. Stress Free (Mimin ver.) (Video Clip)
  4. Stress-free (choreography guide)

footnote

Source

外部 リンク

Information overload

Information overload(Joho Overlord,British: information overload) Means that the necessary information is buried due to information overload, and you can understand the problem.Decision makingRefers to a condition that makes it difficult to do[1]..First appearance(English edition)1964 book[2].Alvin TofflerThe concept that was generalized in the 1970 bestseller "Impact of the Future".Information flood,Too much information[3]Also called.

Information overload occurs when the total amount of information input to the system exceeds the processing power of the system.Decision makers have only finite cognitive processing power.As a result, information overload may result in the inability to interpret the entire amount of information given, confusion in thinking due to the complexity of the situation, and poor decision-making quality.[4]

Overview

This term and conceptインターネットIs the predecessor ofARPANETIt has been around since its foundingLibrary and Information ScienceViewpoint from[5],PsychologyPerspective as a phenomenon[6]There is.In psychology, information overloadsenseRelated to excess information coming into organs[6]..Toffler was born in the 1950s and was "overperceptive."[7]Of the conceptInformation AgeDescribed as a version[8]..Hyperesthesia was thought to be the cause of sensitivities confusion and loss.Toffler hypothesized that information overload had a similar effect, but for higher cognitive functions than the sensory organs.

When an individual is placed in a rapidly changing situation or in a novel environment ... his prediction accuracy diminishes.You can no longer make appropriate decisions and take rational actions.[9]

GlobalizationA new era has arrived, and more and more people are publishing their own research on the Internet.[10],WebsiteWith the increase ofデータBegan to produce as well as consume[11][12]..Many users generate their own information[13], Adapting to the information age[14]..More and more people are joining by writing, not just browsing[15]..In this trend, we are building a new lifestyle, but the danger of relying on such information access means has also been pointed out.[16][17]..You are in an information overloaded state where you can access large amounts of information almost instantly, but often you are not sure about the validity of the content or the risk of misinformation.[18][19].

Seattle UniversityAccording to Sonora Jha, journalists use the web for research, get information from interview articles and press releases, update news online, and their attitudes gradually change due to the rapid increase in Internet usage. Being[20].Lawrence LessigCalls this the "read-write" nature of the Internet[21].

Some people have realized that the abundance of information actually reduces productivity.[22]..Information overload has come to cause "information anxiety" that results from the gap between what you actually know and what you think you should know.news,電子 メ ー ル,Instant message,Blog,Microblog,Social NetworkAs the amount of information from various sources, such as, increases, people are becoming more involved not only in consuming them, but also as editors and information collectors.[23]..Information overload is productivity andDecision makingThere is a concern that it may have a negative effect on.Another concern is that useful information can be contaminated with inaccurate or incorrect information.Research on information overload is often done from the perspective of trying to understand it rationally.[22].

History

Jacob Jacoby as the earliest example of the term information overload[24], Donald Speller[25], Carol K. Burning[26]There is a 1974 treatise of.If they target 192 housewives and give more information about the brandDecision makingTested the hypothesis that it is easy to make a mistake[27]..Long before thatDuni DideroShows a similar idea, but does not use the term information overload.

The number of books will continue to grow over the centuries, and some predict that trying to learn something from a book will be as difficult as learning the entire universe directly.Finding a piece of truth in nature is almost like discovering what is hidden in a huge number of books.

Prehistory

TechnologyInformation production is increasing with the progress of information overload, and information overload has been described many times in history.[28]..In the 4th and 3rd centuries BC, there was already a negative view of information overload.[28]..It is said that it was established at that time.EcclesiastesAt 12:12, there is a description that "there is no limit to the number of books that can be written."AlsoGreat SenecaWrote in the 1st century AD that "too much books can be distracting."[28]..There was a similar view in China about the increase in books.[29].

Renaissance

Around 1440,Johannes Gutenberg LetterpressInvented, the production of information has entered a new stage.As production costs fell, anyone could get books.[28][30]..Scholars began to complain that the quality of the contents had deteriorated due to the rush to print at the same time as the information became abundant, and felt that the supply of new information became unmanageable.[28].

Information Age

20st centuryLatter half,ComputerとInformation technologyDeveloped,インターネットWas born.

ThisInformation AgeInス パ ムInformation overload occurs when a large amount of information such as emails, instant messages, microblogs, social network updates, etc., including[31]..Technologies such as social media are affecting our social culture, and some sites are experiencing a situation called "social information overload."[32].

Common causes

The following are common causes of information overload.

  • News reports have increased the frequency of news dissemination with an emphasis on breaking news, which has led to a decline in the quality of articles.[33].
  • Information can be easily duplicated and transferred on the Internet.
  • More routes to get information (eg電子 メ ー ル,Instant message,RSSSuch).
  • Historical information is increasing over time.
  • Only inconsistent or inaccurate information is available among the available information.
  • Of informationSN ratioDecrease.
  • There is no way to compare and process different types of information.
  • There is no overall structure to clarify the relationship between pieces of information.

Email is one of the leading causes of information overload, and people are struggling to process incoming email.Unnecessaryス パ ムFilter and keep growingAttachmentMust be dealt with.

2007 year 12 month,New York TimesThere is a post on the blog entitled "Information overload is an economic loss of $ 6500 billion?"[34]In April 2008, due to information overload in this paper, "The ever-increasing number of e-mails is an obstacle to the work of some people, and software that automatically replies to prevent overload still appears. An article with the content such as "Not done" was posted[35].

2011 year 1 month,MSNBCWriter Eve Tahmincioglu wrote an article entitled "Now is the time to get rid of the overflowing inbox."She aggregated expert opinion and estimated statistics, reporting that 2010 billion emails were exchanged daily in 2940.This value is said to have increased by 2009 billion compared to 500.Workplace productivity expert Masha Egan in the article[36]In his words, it is necessary to distinguish between responding to emails and organizing them.That is, instead of replying to all emails immediately, first delete unnecessary emails and classify the remaining emails into emails that need a reply and emails that only refer to.And if you do not keep in mind to manage e-mail, it will be managed by e-mail.[37].

Daily TelegraphIt is,Harvard Business ReviewFormer editorial director of "Net Stupid-What the Internet Has in Our Brains"Nicholas G. CarE-mail uses the basic human instinct to seek new information and causes addiction symptoms such as "inadvertently pushing the lever with the hope of receiving pellets of social or intellectual nutrition". I said that.Eric SchmidtShare similar concerns, using devices that provide instant results and technologies such as email to expose people to a wealth of information, blocking understanding and contemplation and affecting thinking processes. He pointed out that it can affect the formation of memory and make learning difficult.Such "cognitive overload" results in a decrease in the information stored in long-term memory as an experience, leaving thoughts in a "thin and distracted" state.[38]..It has been pointed out that this is clearly the same in education.[39].

Some tech investors have similar concerns[40].

In addition to email, the Web has provided access to billions of pages of information.In many workplaces, employees are provided with unlimited access to the web and use it for research.Search engineIt enables quick information retrieval.However, online information has not been checked in advance by experts and is not always reliable.As a result, such information cannot be used as a basis for decision-making without cross-checking, and it takes time.

reaction

Reactions of companies and governments

Many scholars, corporate decision makers, and government policy makers understand the magnitude and increasing impact of this phenomenon. In July 2008, researchers from various backgrounds gathered in the research group "IORG".[41]Was founded. IORG is a non-profit organization that aims to raise awareness of issues, share research results, and promote measures against information overload.[42].

In recent research, a kind of "naturally from information overload"Attention economySuggests that[43]..It gives Internet users more control over their online experience with certain communication media, such as email and instant messaging.This is done, for example, by attaching some cost to the email message.For example, set up a sender to pay a small fee (for example, $ 5) to get someone to receive an email.The purpose of such billing is to make the sender consider the need for interrupts.But current email is virtually free, and such proposals will gradually undermine the popularity of email.

Economics often assumes that people are rational, knows what they like, and has the ability to find the best possible way to maximize it.People are said to be selfish and focus on what they like.Information overload occurred by seeing only the good side of what people liked and ignoring the other side that accompanies it. Lincoln suggests that by looking at the various factors in a more holistic approach, we can also find ways to deal with information overload.[22].

Dealing with information overload

There are various countermeasures against information overload. Not all problems can be solved with one measure, but many methods have been proposed.However, many are subjective.

Johnson recommends eliminating any notifications sent by training.He says notifications distract people from work and draw them into social networks and email.He alsoSmartphoneIt is recommended that you stop using the alarm clock and stop checking emails first thing in the morning.[44].

gmail Of Inbox break There is also a workaround to use an internet application such as an add-on called[45]..This add-on does not reduce the number of emails you receive.Simply pausing reception temporarily gives you the feeling that you are in control of the situation.

As a research example of how to deal with information overload by social networksHumboldt University of BerlinThere is research in[46]..In that study, students are actually using the social network site "Facebook" to try out measures against information overload.For example, update your physically farther friends to always have a higher priority, hide low-priority friend updates, remove lower-priority friends from the list, and narrow the scope of sharing personal information. However, the strategy is to deactivate activities within Facebook.

Media

Research is being conducted on media such as the Internet to promote awareness of information overload.For example, there are studies of information overloads and their effects encountered by people who suspect cancer and search for a wealth of information about cancer on the Internet.[47]..The study argues that it is necessary to prevent the spread of inaccurate or incorrect information on the Internet and what health information should be disseminated.

In addition, many books have been published to raise awareness of information overload and to train conscious and effective information processing methods.For example, Kevin A. Miller's "Surviving Information Overload"[48], Lynn Ribéry[49]"Manage information overload"[50]There are books such as[51].. Stefania Lucchetti's "The Principle of Relevance" covers a similar topic.[52].

"Information diet"[53]Author(English edition)Explains information overload by comparing the information we consume to food.That is, people tend to consume interesting information like desserts.When people discover something interesting, they share it with their friends on social networks, blogs, and online videos, strengthening that trend.There is a need for cheap and popular information, and today's media has been formed around them.He compares it to the industrialized food industry, which mass-produces popular foods.[44].

Information organization issues

Part ofCognitive sciencePeople and graphic designers have emphasized that raw information differs from the form of information that can be used for thinking.From this point of view, information overload can be seen as underloading.In other words, the problem is not that there is too much information, but that we cannot make good use of raw information or biased forms of information.As a graphic designer who takes this perspective,Information architectureInvented the termRichard Saul WurmanThere is.Also a statistician(English edition)Is the same idea.Warman is a term that describes the amount of information and the limits of our ability to process it.[54]Is used.Tufty deals primarily with quantitative information and seeks ways to visually and systematically represent large, complex datasets to facilitate clear thinking.

footnote

  1. ^ Yang, CC; Chen, Hsinchun; Honga, Kay (2003). “Visualization of large category map for Internet browsing”. Decision Support Systems 35 (1): 89–102. two:10.1016 / S0167-9236 (02) 00101-X. 
  2. ^ Gross, Bertram M. (1964). The Managing of Organizations: The Administrative Struggle. p. 856. http://books.google.com/?id=boSFAAAAMAAJ&cd=1&dq=%22the+managing+of+organizations%22&q=information+overload#search_anchor 
  3. ^ British: too much information
  4. ^ Speier, Cheri; Valacich, Jospeh. Vessey, Iris (1999). “The Influence of Task Interruption on Individual Decision Making: An Information Overload Perspective”. Decision Sciences 30. 
  5. ^ Rosenberg, D. (2003). Early modern information overload. Journal of the History of Ideas, 64 (1), 1-9.
  6. ^ a b Dictionary.com. (2011). Information overload, -noun psychology.
  7. ^ British: sensory overload
  8. ^ An article in Science magazine in 1959 about a conference held in June 1958 at Harvard Medical School mentions that Donald B. Lindsley had given a paper titled "Are there common factors in sensory deprivation, sensory distortion and sensory overload?" "Meetings," in Science, Vol 129, No. 3343, Jan 23, 1959, pp. 221-225.
  9. ^ Future Shock, pp. 350-1 (1970 edition)
  10. ^ Internet World Stats (2008) INTERNET USAGE STATISTICS The Internet Big Picture --World Internet Users and Population Stats 2000-2008.
  11. ^ Bonfield, B. (2007) Consuming Information Library Journal, New York: Oct 15th 2007, Volume 137, Issue 17, p26 (1 page).
  12. ^ Russo, A. & Watkins, J. (2005) International Journal of Education and Development using Information and communication technology, Bridgetown: Dec 2005, Volume 1, Issue 4, p4 (14 pages).
  13. ^ Benbunan-Fich, R. & Koufaris, M. (2008) Electronic Markets, London: May 2008, Volume 18, Issue 2, p150.
  14. ^ Jones, B. (1993), "An Age of Discontinuity", in Sleepers Wake! Technology and the Future of Work, 3rd Ed., Melbourne, Oxford University Press, pp. 11-45
  15. ^ Jenkins, H. (2006) Fans, Bloggers and Gamers: Exploring Participatory Culture, New York University Press
  16. ^ Cheng, R & Vassileva (2006) Design and Evaluation of an adoptive incentive mechanism for sustained educational online communities, User modeling and user-adapted interaction. Dordrecht. Sep 2006, Volume 16, Issue 3-4, p321.
  17. ^ Baxter, A. (2008) Better interactivity benefits student faculty, Financial Times, London (UK) March 17th 2008, p4
  18. ^ Flew, T. (2008) New Media: an introduction, Third Edition, Oxford University Press: Australia
  19. ^ Graham, G. (1999) The Internet: a philosophical inquiry, London: Routledge
  20. ^ Sonora Jha, 2007, Social Movements, The Internet and The Press, Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly-New Media, Volume 84, No.1, pg 42
  21. ^ "The Read-Write Internet”(May 2006, 1). October 2013th, 2Browse.
  22. ^ a b c Lincoln, Anthony (March 2011). “FYI: TMI: Toward a holistic social theory of information overload”. First Monday 16. 
  23. ^ Kovach, Bill (2010). Blur: How to Know What's True in the Age of Information Overload. USA, New York: Bloomsbury. ISBN 9781608193011 
  24. ^ British: Jacob Jacoby
  25. ^ British: Donald Speller
  26. ^ British: Carol Kohn Berning
  27. ^ > 2.0.CO; 2-L & origin = utrecht Brand Choice Behavior as a Function of Information Load: Replication and Extension (1974) Journal of consumer research, Volume: 1, Issue: 1 (June 1974), pp: 33-42.
  28. ^ a b c d e Blair, A. (2010a, November 28). Information overload, the early years. The Boston Globe.
  29. ^ Blair, A. (2010b, November 28). Information overload, then and now. The Chronicle Review.
  30. ^ Blair, A. (2011, March 14). Information overload's 2300-year-old history. Harvard Business Review.
  31. ^ Hemp, P. (2009, September). Death by information overload. Harvard Business Review, 87 (9), 83-89.
  32. ^ Koroleva, Ksenia; Krasnova, Hanna. Gunther, Oliver. (2010). “” STOP SPAMMING ME! ”--Exploring Information Overload on Facebook”. AMCIS 2010 Proceedings. 
  33. ^ Kovach, Bill (2010). Blur: How to Know what's True in the Age of Information Overload. USA, New York: Bloomsbury. Pp. 38–45. ISBN 9781608193011 
  34. ^ Lohr, Steve (January 2007, 12). “Is Information Overload a $ 650 Billion Drag on the Economy?”. New York Times. http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2007/12/20/is-information-overload-a-650-billion-drag-on-the-economy October 2010th, 5Browse. 
  35. ^ Stross, Randall (April 2008, 4). “Struggling to Evade the E-Mail Tsunami”. New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/20/technology/20digi.html?_r=2&oref=slogin&oref=slogin October 2010th, 5Browse. 
  36. ^ British: Marsha Egan
  37. ^ Tahmincioglu, Eve. “Dealing with a bloated inbox”. MSNBC. October 2011th, 9Browse.
  38. ^ Nick Collins (December 2010, 12). “Email has turned us into'lab rats'”. The Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/science-news/8184149/Email-has-turned-us-into-lab-rats.html 
  39. ^ Doomen, J. (2009), Information Inflation. Journal of Information Ethics, 18 (2), pp. 27-37 (esp. Pp. 34, 35)
  40. ^ "Did Darwin Skip Over Email?”. Foundry Group (April 2008, 4). October 2013th, 2Browse.
  41. ^ Information Overload Research Group
  42. ^ Lost in E-mail, Tech Firms Face Self-Made Beast
  43. ^ Goldhaber, Michael H. (April 1997, 4). “The Attention Economy and the Net”. First Monday 2 (4). http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/519/440 October 2013th, 2Browse.. 
  44. ^ a b Pot, Justin. “Eating Only Desert: Why Your Information Diet is Probably Terrible (Feature)". October 2013th, 2Browse.
  45. ^ Burkemann, Oliver. “This column will change your life: Information Overload". October 2013th, 2Browse.
  46. ^ Koroleva, Ksenia; Krasnova, Hanna. Gunther, Oliver (2010). “"STOP SPAMMING ME!" Exploring Information Overload on Facebook". AMCIS 2010 Proceedings.. 
  47. ^ "Predictors of cancer information overload: findings from a national survey”. Informationr.net. October 2013th, 1Browse.
  48. ^ British: Surviving Information Overload
  49. ^ British: Lynn Lively
  50. ^ British: Managing Information Overload
  51. ^ . http://books.google.com.my/books?q=information+overload. 
  52. ^ The Principle of Relevance, Stefania Lucchetti, RT Publishing 2010, Hong Kong.
  53. ^ British: The Information Diet
  54. ^ British: information anxiety

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