Portal field news

Portal field news

in

🏥 | What is scary about "monkeypox", which has been reported to be infected one after another?Asked an animal virologist


Photo Monkeypox virus (provided by CDC, jointly)

What is scary about "monkeypox", which has been reported to be infected one after another?Asked an animal virologist

 
If you write the contents roughly
Why is the virus infection discovered at the same time now?
 

As the new coronavirus infection does not subside, there are concerns about the spread of new virus infections.Its name ... → Continue reading

 Daily Gendai Healthcare

We will deliver the medical and health articles of the evening paper "Daily Gendai". From everyday health laws to the latest medical information, all articles are based on interviews with doctors and specialists.


Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Viral disease

Viral disease(Because of the virus,British: viral disease) OrViral infection(Virus infection,British: viral infection) Is inside the body of the organismPathogenicityウ イ ル スHas invaded,InfectiousVirus particles(Virion) becomes a sensitive cellAdhere and invadeOccurs whenInfectionIs[1].

Structural features

genomeType,VirionBasic structural features such as shape, replication site, etc. generally share the same features among virus species within the same family.[Source required].

  • Double chainDNAFamily:
Three are non-enveloped (non-enveloped)Adenovirus family,(English edition,Polyomaviridae), Two are envelope type (Herpesvirus family,Poxvirus family).All non-enveloped families are icosahedronsCapsidhave.
  • Partially double-stranded DNA virus:
Hepadnaviridae..These viruses are enveloped.
  • Family of single-stranded DNA viruses that infect humans:
Parvoviridae..These viruses are non-enveloped.
  • Single-strand plus RNA virus family:
3 types of non-enveloped type (Astrovirus family,Caliciviridae,Picornavirus family), 4 types of envelope type (Coronavirus family,Flaviviridae,Retrovirus family,Togaviridae).All non-enveloped families are icosahedronsNucleocapsidhave.
  • Family of single-stranded minus RNA viruses:
Arenavirus family,Bunyaviridae,Filoviridae,Orthomyxoviridae,Paramyxoviridae,Rhabdoviridae..All viruses are covered with a spiral nucleocapsid.
  • Double-stranded RNA genome virus:
Reoviridae.
It has not yet been classified into a family and is clearly different from other families that infect humans.
  • Viruses known to infect humans that are not associated with the disease:
(English edition(English edition..All of these taxa are non-enveloped single-stranded DNA viruses.

Practical rules

Doctors and medical care for virus departments that infect humansMicrobiologist,VirologistThere are rules to help[Source required].

In general, DNA virusesCell nucleusReplicates within, RNA virusCytoplasmDuplicate within.Exceptions to this rule are known: poxvirus replicates in the cytoplasm, orthomixovirus and hepatitis D virus (RNA virus) replicate in the nucleus.[Source required].

Boltimore classification

This group of researchers has defined multiple virus categories.

Clinically prominent viral families and species, their characteristics
BranchBoltimore classificationFamous speciesenvelopeSiege
Adenovirus familyI[3][4]Adenovirus[3][4]N[3][4]
Herpesvirus familyI[3][4]Herpes simplex virusType 1, Herpes simplex virusType 2, Varicella-zoster virus, Epstein-Barr virus, Human cytomegalovirus, (English edition[5][6][7]Y[3][4]
(English editionI[3][8]Human papillomavirus[3][8]N[3][8]
PolyomaviridaeI[3][9]BK virus, JC virus[3][9]N[3][9]
Poxvirus familyI[3][4]smallpox[3][4]Y[3][4]
ParvoviridaeII[3][4]Parvovirus B19[3][4]N[3][4]
ReoviridaeIII[10]Rotavirus,[10] (English edition, (English edition, (English editionN[4]
Astrovirus familyIV[11][4]N[4]
CaliciviridaeIV[10]Norovirus[4]N[4]
Coronavirus familyIV[12]Human coronavirus 229E, Human coronavirus NL63, Human coronavirus OC43, Human coronavirus HKU1, Coronavirus related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, SARS coronavirus,[4] SARS coronavirus 2Y[4]
FlaviviridaeIV[3][4][13]Hepatitis C virus,[3] Yellow fever virus,[3] Dengue virus,[3] West Nile virus,[3] Tick-borne encephalitis virus,[4] Zika virusY[3][4]
(English editionIV[14]Hepatitis E virus[4]N[4][14]
(English editionIV[3][4][15]Rubella virus[3][16]Y[3][4]
Picornavirus familyIV[17]Coxsackievirus, Hepatitis A virus, Polio virus,[4] RhinovirusN[4]
Arenavirus familyV[18]Lassa virus[4][18]Y[4][18]
BunyaviridaeV[19]Crimea Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, (English edition[4]Y[4][19]
FiloviridaeV[20]Ebola virus,[20] Marburg virus[20]Y[4]
OrthomyxoviridaeV[3][21]Influenza virus[3][21]Y[3][21]
ParamyxoviridaeV[22]Measles virus,[3] Mumps virus,[3] Parainfluenza virus[3][4]Y[3][22]
PneumoviridaeV[23]RS virus[3]Y[3]
RhabdoviridaeV[24]Rabies virus[3][4]Y[3][4]
Unallocated[25]V[25]Hepatitis D virus[25]Y[25]
Retrovirus familyVI[3][26]HIV[3][4]Y[3][4]
HepadnaviridaeVII[3]Hepatitis B virus[3][4]Y[3][4]

Clinical features

The clinical characteristics of the virus can vary widely from species to species within the same family.

BranchTransmission routedisease治療prevention
AdenovirusAdenovirusNone[3]
  • (English edition
  • Hand washing
  • Cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing
  • Avoid close contact with the sick
CoxsackievirusPicornavirus familyNone[3]
  • Hand washing
  • Cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing
  • Avoid contaminated food / water
  • Improve hygiene
CytomegalovirusHerpesvirus family
  • Hand washing
  • Do not share food or drink with others
  • Safe sex
Epstein-Barr virusHerpesvirus familyNone[3]
  • Avoid close contact with the sick
Hepatitis A virusPicornavirus familyImmunoglobulin (Post-exposure prophylaxis)[3]
Hepatitis B virusHepadnaviridae
Hepatitis C virusFlaviviridae
  • Acute hepatitis[3][33]
  • Chronic hepatitis[3]
  • Cirrhosis[3]
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma[3]
  • Avoid sharing needles / syringes
  • Safe sex
Herpes simplex virus1 typeHerpesvirus family
  • Avoid close contact with lesions
  • Safe sex
Herpes simplex virus2 typeHerpesvirus family
  • Avoid close contact with lesions[3]
  • Safe sex[3]
HIVRetrovirus familyProtease inhibitor[34],Reverse transcriptase inhibitor[34]Such asHAART therapy[3]
Human coronavirus 229E (HCoV-229E)Coronavirus family
Human coronavirus NL63 (HCoV-NL63)Coronavirus family
  • Splash contact
Human coronavirus OC43 (HCoV-OC43)Coronavirus family
  • common cold
  • pneumonia
Human coronavirus HKU1 (HCoV-HKU1)Coronavirus family
  • common cold
  • pneumonia
  • Bronchiolitis
(English editionHerpesvirus familyThere are many evaluation stages[3]
  • Avoid close contact with lesions
  • Safe sex
Human papillomavirus(English edition
Influenza virusOrthomyxoviridae
  • Splash contact[3]
  • Influenza vaccine[3][21]
  • Amantadine[3]
  • (English edition[3]
  • Hand washing
  • Cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing
  • Avoid close contact with the sick
Measles virusParamyxoviridaeNone[3]
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Related Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)Coronavirus family
  • Human close contact
Mumps virusParamyxoviridaeNone[3]
  • MMR vaccine[3][22]
  • Avoid close contact with the sick
Parainfluenza virusParamyxoviridaeNone[3]
  • Hand washing
  • Cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing
Polio virusPicornavirus familyNone[3]
Rabies virusRhabdoviridaePost-exposure prophylaxis[3]
RS virusPneumoviridae
  • Bronchiolitis[3]
  • pneumonia[3]
  • [3]
  • Severe bronchitis with pneumonia[3]
(Ribavirin)[3]
  • Hand washing[3]
  • Avoid close contact with the sick[3]
  • For high-risk patientsPalivizumabAdministration[3]
  • Cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing
Rubella virusTogaviridaeNone[3]
  • MMR vaccine[3][36]
  • Avoid close contact with the sick
SARS Coronavirus (SARS-CoV)Coronavirus family
  • Splash contact
SARS Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)Coronavirus family
  • Splash contact
Varicella-zoster virusHerpesvirus family
  • Splash contact[3]
  • direct contact

Varieg:

Herpes zoster:

f

Reference item

footnote

  1. ^ Taylor, MP; Kobiler, O .; Enquist, LW (2012). “Alphaherpesvirus axon-to-cell spread involves limited virion transmission”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) 106 (42): 17046–17051. two:10.1073 / pnas.1212926109. PMC 3479527. PMID 23027939. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3479527/. 
  2. ^ "Arboviruses”. University of South Carolina School of Medicine. 2021/8/9Browse.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg Fisher, Bruce; Harvey, Richard P .; Champe, Pamela C. (2007) (PDF). Lippincott's Illustrated Reviews: Microbiology. Lippincott's Illustrated Reviews Series. Hagerstown MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Pp. 354–366. ISBN 978-0-7817-8215-9. http://med-mu.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/lippincotts_microbiology.pdf 2020/9/7Browse. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am Table 1 in: Dimitrov, Dimiter S. (2004). “Virus entry: molecular mechanisms and biomedical applications”. Nature Reviews Microbiology 2 (2): 109–22. two:10.1038 / nrmicro817. ISSN 1740-1526. PMC 7097642. PMID 15043007. https://zenodo.org/record/1233550. 
  5. ^ Adams, MJ; Carstens EB (Jul 2012). “Ratification vote on taxonomic proposals to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2012)”. Arch. Virol. 157 (7): 1411–22. two:10.1007 / s00705-012-1299-6. PMID 22481600. http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/121363/1/121363.pdf. 
  6. ^ Whitley RJ (1996). Baron S. ed. Herpesviruses. in: Baron's Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). Univ of Texas Medical Branch. ISBN 0-9631172-1-1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=mmed.chapter.3567 
  7. ^ Medical Microbiology (5th ed.). Elsevier Mosby. (2005). ISBN 978-0-323-03303-9 
  8. ^ a b c “Classification of papillomaviruses”. Virology 324 (1): 17–27. (2004). two:10.1016 / j.virol.2004.03.033. PMID 15183049. 
  9. ^ a b c "Polyomavirus". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/3Browse.
  10. ^ a b c Page 273 in: Lennette's Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infections (Fourth ed.). CRC Press. (2010). ISBN 978-1420084962 
  11. ^ “Identification of Host Cell Factors Associated with Astrovirus Replication in Caco-2 Cells”. J.Virol. 89 (20): 10359–70. (2015). two:10.1128 / JVI.01225-15. PMC 4580174. PMID 26246569. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4580174/. 
  12. ^ Stapleford, Kenneth A .; Miller, David J. (2010). “Role of Cellular Lipids in Positive-Sense RNA Virus Replication Complex Assembly and Function”. V 2 (5): 1055–68. two:10.3390 / v2051055. ISSN 1999-4915. PMC 3187604. PMID 21994671. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3187604/. 
  13. ^ Cook, S .; Moureau, G .; Harbach, RE; Mukwaya, L .; Goodger, K .; Ssenfuka, F .; Gould, E .; Holmes, EC et al. (2009). “Isolation of a novel species of flavivirus and a new strain of Culex flavivirus (Flaviviridae) from a natural mosquito population in Uganda”. Journal of General Virology 90 (11): 2669–78. two:10.1099 / vir.0.014183-0. ISSN 0022-1317. PMC 2885038. PMID 19656970. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2885038/. 
  14. ^ a b "Hepeviridae". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/3Browse.
  15. ^ Simon-Loriere, Etienne; Holmes, Edward C. (2011). “Why do RNA viruses recombine?”. Nature Reviews Microbiology 9 (8): 617–26. two:10.1038 / nrmicro2614. ISSN 1740-1526. PMC 3324781. PMID 21725337. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3324781/. 
  16. ^ "2018.013SR Matonaviridae" (English). International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). 2020/5/28Browse.
  17. ^ Tuthill, Tobias J .; Groppelli, Elisabetta; Hogle, James M .; Rowlands, David J. (2010). “Picornaviruses”. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology 343: 43–89. two:10.1007 / 82_2010_37. ISBN 978-3-642-13331-2. ISSN 0070-217X. PMC 3018333. PMID 20397067. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3018333/. 
  18. ^ a b c "Arenaviridae". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/3Browse.
  19. ^ a b "bunyaviridae". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/3Browse.
  20. ^ a b c "filoviridae". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/3Browse.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h "Orthomyxoviridae". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/3Browse.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Paramyxoviridae". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/10Browse.
  23. ^ "Pneumoviridae ~ ViralZone page". viralzone.expasy.org. 2020/8/17Browse.
  24. ^ a b c d "Rhabdoviridae". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/3Browse.
  25. ^ a b c d "Deltavirus". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/3Browse.
  26. ^ "Retroviridae". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/3Browse.
  27. ^ a b c d "Enterovirus". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/12Browse.
  28. ^ “Hand, foot, and mouth disease: Identifying and managing an acute viral syndrome”. Cleve Clin J Med 81 (9): 537–43. (September 2014). two:10.3949 / ccjm.81a.13132. PMID 25183845. http://www.ccjm.org/content/81/9/537.long. 
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Herpesviridae". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/10Browse.
  30. ^ a b c d e f "Babies Born with CMV (Congenital CMV Infection)”. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (August 2017, 4). 2017/6/17Browse.
  31. ^ a b c d "Picornaviridae". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/10Browse.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g "Hepadnaviridae". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/10Browse.
  33. ^ a b "Flaviviridae". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/10Browse.
  34. ^ a b c d e "Human immunodeficiency virus 1". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/10Browse.
  35. ^ a b c d "Papillomaviridae". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/10Browse.
  36. ^ a b c "Togaviridae". Viral Zone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. 2015/10/10Browse.

外部 リンク

Simultaneous multiple


 

Back to Top
Fermer