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📦 | Hiroshima "Around the World from the Classroom"


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"From the classroom to the world" in Hiroshima

 
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While the voluntary organization "WTOC" is restricted from moving due to the influence of the new corona, we are trying to get to know the diversity and culture of the world by interacting online with overseas.
 

While movement is restricted due to the influence of the new corona, an event where junior high school students in Hiroshima city interact online with American students ... → Continue reading

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TV Asahi affiliate Hiroshima Home TV provides the latest Hiroshima news!


Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Voluntary group

Voluntary group(Ninidantai) is an organization formed by a group of friends.Legal personalityWhat is not[1]..It is an unincorporated association, but in JapanSupreme CourtIn the case lawAssociation without rightsBecause the requirements of (the most recent judgment of 39/10/15) are shown.Deposit insurance systemIn some cases, organizations other than corporations and non-profit organizations / foundations, such as the treatment of depositors, are designated as "voluntary organizations".[2]..Also, the Voluntary association of Anglo-American law is translated as a voluntary association.[3].

Japanese law

Voluntary associations do not have legal personality[1]..Therefore, the relationship with a non-profit organization becomes a problem, but in the Supreme Court's case, the non-profit organization "has an organization as an organization, the principle of majority voting is carried out, and the organization itself is It must survive, and the method of representation, the operation of the general meeting, the management of property, and other major points as an organization must be determined by the organization. "・ 39 judgments)[2]..Therefore, there are cases where other organizations that do not meet the requirements of non-profit organizations / foundations, such as the classification of depositors in the deposit insurance system, are defined as "voluntary organizations".[2].

Anglo-American law

Voluntary associations without legal personality established for a specific purpose are translated as voluntary associations[3].

Source

  1. ^ a b "National Trust Guide 2. Make an organization trusted”. Ministry of the Environment. 2019th of February 7Browse.
  2. ^ a b c "Explanation of deposit insurance system Treatment of depositors when identifying names”. Deposit Insurance Corporation of Japan. 2019th of February 7Browse.
  3. ^ a b Sadao Koyama, English-American Legal Dictionary, Kenkyusha, 2011, p. 1191

New coronavirus

New coronavirus(Shingata coronavirus,English: Novel coronavirus, nCoV) IsCoronavirus familyOrthocoronavirus subfamilyBelongs toウ イ ル スOf these, it is a tentative name given to those that are medically and publicly important.[1][2][3][4].

In particularHuman coronavirusIt is often used in. (Human) Coronavirus against humanityEndemic diseaseIs believed to becoldCauses (common cold) -like symptoms,(English editionIs prevalent as a serious infection, often accompanied by pneumonia[1][2][3][4].

Virus type

The following viruses were positioned as new coronaviruses before their official names were given.

Types of new coronaviruses that are pathogenic to humans
Formal nameOther namesSusceptible host[† 1]First discovery location (discovery year)Infection
SARS coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)[† 2][5][6]2019-Ncov

SARS virus 2

Human coronavirus 2019 (HCoV-19)

Bat,Scale armorChugoku-Wuhan(2019)New Coronavirus Infection (2019) (COVID-19)[† 3][4][7]
MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV)[† 4]Middle east virus

MERS virus

Camel flu virus

camel,BatSaudi Arabia-Jeddah(2012)Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)[8][9].
Human coronavirus HKU1 (HCoV-HKU1)New Haven Virus[10]A mouseHong Kong (2005)Mild respiratory tract infection, rarely severe pneumonia
SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-1)[† 2]SARS virusChinese cabbage,BatChugoku-Foshan(2002)Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)[9]
  1. ^ (English editionMay not be succeeded.
  2. ^ a b This virus is not a different speciesSARS-related coronavirusIs considered to be one of the stocks of.
  3. ^ Synonyms include 2019 coronavirus pneumonia,Wuhan pneumoniaThere is a syndrome.
  4. ^ (English edition,(English editionIncluding stocks of.

All of the above four viruses belong to the genus Betacoronavirus (betacoronavirus) Belongs to.

Etymology

Known for the "new" of the new coronavirusViral family classificationBelongs toIt means a new pathogen.That is, the new coronavirusCoronavirus familyIt means a new pathogen belonging to (or its subclass).There is no intention of a completely unknown new pathogen. The use of the word "new XX" was introduced in 2015WHOIt complies with the new infectious disease naming scheme decided by.[11] [12] [13]

Historically, pathogens have often been named after location, individuals, or specific species, but these practices are no longer endorsed by WHO.[11] [12] [13]

The permanent official names of viruses and diseases are, respectively.ICTVWHO OfInternational Classification of Diseases (ICD)Is determined by.

Detailed explanation

footnote

  1. ^ a b Murray and Nadel (2010). Chapter 31.
  2. ^ a b Cunha (2010). Pp. 6–18.
  3. ^ a b Melmed (2011). P. 636
  4. ^ a b c "The 2019–2020 Novel Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) Pandemic: A Joint American College of Academic International Medicine-World Academic Council of Emergency Medicine Multidisciplinary COVID-19 Working Group Consensus Paper". ResearchGate. 2020th of February 5Browse.
  5. ^ "The 2019–2020 Novel Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) Pandemic: A Joint American College of Academic International Medicine-World Academic Council of Emergency Medicine Multidisciplinary COVID-19 Working Group Consensus Paper". ResearchGate. 2020th of February 5Browse.
  6. ^ “Coronavirus disease named Covid-19”. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-51466362 .
  7. ^ According to ICD-10 the disease is referred to as "2019-new coronavirus acute respiratory disease [temporary name]". It is not listed in ICD-11.
  8. ^ a b Synonyms include 2019 coronavirus pneumonia and Wuhan respiratory syndrome
  9. ^ a b "What is the new coronavirus?”. Joetsu Community Medical Center Hospital. 2021th of February 5Browse.
  10. ^ Human coronavirus NL63 Some strains of (HCoV-NL63)New Haven Coronavirus Be careful not to confuse it because it is called (HCoV-NH).
  11. ^ a b Ghosh R, Das S. A Brief Review of the Novel Coronavirus (2019-Ncov) Outbreak. Global Journal for Research Analysis. 2020; 9 (2).
  12. ^ a b World Health Organization Best Practices for the Naming of New Human Infectious Diseases. World Health Organization. May 2015.
  13. ^ a b Budhwani, Henna; Sun, Ruoyan (2020). “Creating COVID-19 Stigma by Referencing the Novel Coronavirus as the“ Chinese virus ”on Twitter: Quantitative Analysis of Social Media Data” (English). Journal of Medical Internet Research 22 (5): e19301. two:10.2196/19301. https://www.jmir.org/2020/5/e19301/. 
  14. ^ Host jump capability may not persist
  15. ^ a b Tetsuya Mizutani, ``New species of coronavirus"Virus" Vol. 63, No. 1, p.1-6, 2013, Japanese Society of Virology, two:10.2222 / jsv.63.1.
  16. ^ Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV); Announcement of the Coronavirus Study Group Journal of Virology, Published ahead of print 15 May 2013, doi: 10.1128 / JVI.01244-13
  17. ^ Naming of the Novel Coronavirus WHO, 28 May 2013

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