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🙋 | Furumachi Geiko Crowdfunding donation of over XNUMX million yen


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Furumachi Geiko Crowdfunding donated more than XNUMX million yen

 
If you write the contents roughly
Furumachi Geiko says about the future tatami room, "I want to dance so that you can forget about this environment of the new Corona."
 

Crowdfunding performed by "Yanagito Shinko", to which Furumachi Geiko belongs, will expire at the end of June, and on July XNUMXth, the conclusion ... → Continue reading

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Furumachi Geiko

Furumachi Geiko(Furumachi Geisha) isNiigataNiigataChuo-kuFurumachiBased inGeisha..At its peak, about 400 geisha were active,京都 OfGion,Tokyo OfShinbashiWas named alongside the geisha of[1].

Overview

Furumachi geisha are roughly divided into two types, the so-called "姐 -san" who is an orthodox veteran geisha belonging to the old-fashioned Okiya in his 2s and 50s, and the so-called "Yanagito-san" who belongs to Yanagito Promotion Co., Ltd. Divide.[2]

Name

Geisha are divided into full-fledged geisha and apprentices.

京都Let's call the geisha "Geisha(Geiko) ", apprenticeship"MaikoIn contrast to calling it "(Maiko)", geisha are called "(Maiko)" in Niigata.Tomesode(Tomesode) ", apprenticeship"Furisode(Furisode) ".[2]

Tomesode (Tomesode)
A full-fledged geisha who served as furisode.It takes 7 to 8 years to become a tomesode.
Furisode (Mr. Furisode)
A young geisha over the age of 18.

Costume

In the case of "Tomesode", a full-fledged senior geisha, the hairstyle is mainly tied to Nakashimada, the kimono sleeves are tomesode, and the hem is longer than ordinary kimono. In June and September, wear a single garment without lining, in July and August, wear a thin, transparent and light ro, and in October to May, wear a lined garment.MakeupEyebrowIt is generally made of water white powder that does not.The obi is usually tied with a drum, and when dressed up, it is tied to a "willow" that hangs down without tying under the drum.[2]

The costume of the apprentice geisha "Furisode" has a hairstylePeach crackIn the mage of a girl such asFurisodeTo wear.Unlike the senior geisha, the obi is tied in an "arrow-shaped knot".[2]

Genre

Mainly in the tatami roomIchiyama styleTo perform the dance of.Training and training are carried out by the 姐 -san and the Iemoto of the Ichiyama style.The sound is Mochizuki style.[2]

The school that once existed

Ichikawa style
XNUMXth generation Ichikawa DanjuroIs the ancestor of Natori.From the Meiji era to the Taisho era, Tone Ichikawa and the XNUMXth Iemoto of the Ichiyama style competed for art, and in the early Showa period, Nakako Ichikawa and the XNUMXth Iemoto of the Ichiyama style competed for art.[3]
However, Nakako Ichikawa, the grandson of Tone Ichikawa, was in 34 (XNUMX).1959), Nakako's older sister, Koto Fujima, was in 58 ().1983) Died and was cut off.[4]

Yearbook

1
New Year meeting (general participation not possible)[5]
2
Niigata Winter (Geisha Dance Course)
Furumachi Furisode-san Dance Beginning Party
3
Willow and Flower Association
Niigata Sake Team(Geisha appearance)
5
(Geisha appearance)
6
7 month to 9 month
Niigata Summer / Food Team (Geisha Dance Course)
8
Niigata Festival・ Sumiyoshi procession (geisha appearance)
(Geisha appearance)
10
Furumachi steadily (geisha appearance)

History

The origin of Furumachi Geiko is the 2nd year of Genna (1616) Is said to have existed.In the latter half of the Edo period, "Toshi (Friend Nen)", who studied in the third generation of the Ichiyama style, received the surname of Ichiyama and became the fourth generation.

Meiji Era

The next generation was the Meiji era, and the port of Niigata opened.13th year of Meiji (Meiji XNUMX)1880), The 8th generation Ichiyama 14th rented the hall of the rental parlor Gosenya in XNUMX Bancho, Furumachidori as a Yukaku master, and "Gosenya Kichi" became the first disciple.The following year, Meiji XNUMX (1881) In FebruaryXNUMXth generation Ichikawa DanjuroThe forehead of the paulownia board where the dance master Ichikawa Tone, who became the master of the Ichikawa style and held the sign of "Ichikawa style Ichikawa Tone", recorded his disciple's name at Furumachidori 1 Bancho Shinmei Shrine. The era in which two dance masters study each other's dances, such as giving a ceremony to donate money, begins.

18th year of Meiji (1885May 9, Niigata PrefectureMinamiuonuma DistrictShiozawa TownThe national highway "Shimizu Crossing Shindo" that leads from Shimizu Pass to Kanto is opened.Niigata Prefectural OrdinanceGoro ShinozakiNiigata Ward, including Prince Kitashirakawa Yoshihisa, who attended after the opening ceremony, and Lord of Home Affairs Aritomo YamagataHakusan ParkInvited to the inner floor paradise.As an entertainment, a performance by eight chicks from Furumachi was held, and the following year, the 8th year of the Meiji era (Meiji 19)1886)June,The first Bandai BridgeIs open.The XNUMXth generation Ichiyama XNUMXth will perform a song "Niigata Ten Scenic Areas-The Liveliness of the Beginning of the Crossing-", which was made to celebrate this.Shortly after that, "Shonai-ya Shin"Sakimitsu YanagiharaBeing hired byShojiro GotoThe eldest sonTaketaroFurumachi's geisha's wife, "Sankairun," became the Countess, and the popularity of the Furumachi geisha overheated as the neighborhood of Niigata became known.

Taisho era

In the Taisho era, a vote was held by Niigata Shimbun to select "Niigata Ten Bijin" from about 300 people in Niigata Hanamachi.Kawada Kame, the grandson of the XNUMXth generation Ichikawa XNUMXth generation of the Ichiyama style, took the name of the XNUMXth generation Ichikawa XNUMXth generation.Ichikawa-ryu Ichikawa Tone's grandson,Fujima styleKanemon FujimaRikiko Aida, who was studying under, returned to "Fujima Koto", and Nakako Aida, a younger sister of Fujima Koto, who was an uchideshi, was allowed to take the name of "Nakako Fujima" and returned home.Furumachi's geisha, such as Ichikawa-ryu Ichikawa Tone and Ichiyama-ryu XNUMXth generation Ichikawa XNUMXth, passed away one after another while becoming "Ichikawa Nakako" with the wishes of Ichikawa Tone from his lifetime and the consent of his masters. Will enter a new era.

9th year of Taisho (1920May 9..Shizue Fujima (later) who was the "Shonai-ya Yae" of Furumachi GeikoSeiju Fujikage) Held the "Fujikagekai 15th Niigata Performance" at.And the XNUMXth year of the Taisho era (1926May 5から12 daysThe "National Food and Restaurant Association 26th Tournament" was held in Niigata City. The Ichikawa style (Fujima Ren) dance was performed on the second day, and the Ichiyama style "Renjishi", "Niigata Hakkei", and "Funae's famous Bon Odori" were performed on the third day. Will strengthen its momentum.

Showa period

Even in the Showa era, the momentum of the Taisho era did not decline, and in 8 (Showa XNUMX)1933), Ichiyama Ryu holds "Ichiyama Ken Dance Tokyo Performance" at Meijiza, Tokyo.And in 10 (1935May 11から10 daysThe Niigata City Industrial Association held the "Funae Odori", which brings together all the strengths of Niigata Hanamachi.The choreography will be performed by Ichikawa Ryu 11th Ichikawa XNUMXth and Ichikawa Ryu Ichikawa Nakako.However, in XNUMX (Showa XNUMX)1936)ofXNUMX incidentWith the occurrence ofJapan-German Defense AgreementConclusion, 12 (Showa XNUMX)1937)ofSino-Japanese warIt will be canceled after one event due to the outbreak of.

ThenRozobashi incident.Attack on Pearl HarborPacific War(Great East Asian War) Starts the war. Due to the "Decisive Battle Emergency Measures Guidelines", geisha okoiya and geisha are closed.He will be engaged in work as a member of the Geikoren and Women's Volunteer Corps.

Showa 34 (Showa XNUMX)1959), Nakako Ichikawa passed away.Shigeto Fujima opened a rehearsal hall in 8 Bancho, Nishibori-dori, through discussions with all the members of the Niigata Fujima school, Natori, and provided guidance to those who wished.1966) The number of Furumachi geisha has increased to 168, and in 45 (Showa XNUMX)1970), The number of Furumachi geisha decreased to 136.Since 43, the number of applicants for furisode has decreased to zero.

In the postscript of Showa (after the 50s), the number of Furumachi geisha will decrease to 110.In addition, 58 (Showa XNUMX1983), The Ichikawa-ryu Fujima Koto passed away, and the Ichikawa-ryu system in Niigata was cut off.In the 60s, the number of Furumachi geisha became 60.The youngest geisha is 36 years old and the average age is 53 years old.In such a situation, 62 (Showa XNUMX)1987), "" Is established with the investment of geisha restaurants and business people.

Heisei

The first year of Heisei (Heisei XNUMX)1989), "The XNUMXst Furumachi Niigata Dori" was held by Ichiyama Ryu XNUMXth generation Ichiyama Shijuro, and has been held every year since then.[Note 1]..In addition, 5 (Heisei XNUMX1993) In February, the "2st Niigata Winter-Food Team" was held.Since Furumachi Geiko performed the dance, the number of places to perform the dance has increased every year, although the names have changed to "Niigata Geiko Hana no Mai" and "Furumachi Ryotei no Aji-Geiko no Mai Course".

Now

Local issues

In terms of local issues, the 姐 -san will gradually retire, but it will take at least 10 to 20 years for the local development to be able to appear in the tatami room to some extent.However, it is expected that the rural areas will disappear in the near future because the speed of training young people is not enough or young people will quit one after another, so countermeasures are required.[9]

Currently, he is working to develop successors, such as giving guidance to geisha who belong to the promotion of Yanagito. On March 2012, 3, the stage where Tomesode Yanagito served as a region was unveiled.[10]

The decline of the Niigata Hanayanagi world

Diversification of entertainment and a drastic decrease in various entertainments with the passage of time (restaurantThe decline of restaurants and the Hanayanagi world itself in Niigata can be mentioned, such as the low demand from customers due to (see section).Moreover, due to the low name recognition of local Niigata citizens, the overwhelming majority of people still do not know their existence or activities or are not interested in them as distant objects.

On the other hand, in Chuo-ku, Niigata City, a part of Hanayo is subsidized from the budget of the ward in the unique ward-building project "Ryotei no Aji to Geiko no Mai".[11]

Activities outside the tatami room

School children experience meeting
Furumachi Geiko visits elementary and junior high schools in Niigata City to perform a dance.[12]

Furumachi Niigata

Invented by the sixth generation1982The stage started from.Every year around mid-JuneNiigata City Performing Arts CenterWill be performed at.

  • Composition / choreography / guidance / Ichiyama XNUMXth
  • Cast / Furumachi Geiko
  • Sponsored by: Niigata City
  • Sponsored by: Niigata Sanko Cooperative, Niigata Geiko Okiya Association, Yanagito Promotion
  • Organizer: Niigata City Arts and Culture Promotion Foundation, BSN Niigata Broadcasting (from the 22nd)
TimesYearsDate and TimeVenuePerformanceThe number of visitorsRemarks
182006(18)May 6(Day)
12:00, 15:30 start (2 performances)
Niigata City Performing Arts Center
theater
one,
Above, Nagauta 
Below, Nagauta Fujimusume
Two, the best of the tatami room (performance)
Small songs, hauta, folk songs
Three, Nagauta Black hair
Four, Kiyomoto Kanda Festival
[13]
192007(19)May 6(Day)
12:00, 15:30 start (2 performances)
Niigata City Performing Arts Center
theater
One, a musical accompaniment Echigo Lion
Two, small song 
Three, three daughters
Lee, Nagauta
B, Kiyomoto Babysitter
C, Kiyomoto Takekuraku
Four, Nagauta
[14]
202008(20)May 6(Day)
12:00, 15:30 start (2 performances)
Niigata City Performing Arts Center
theater
One, a musical accompaniment /Genroku Hanami Dance
Two, Kiyomoto /Four seasons three-leafed grass
Three, two dance songs
イ、
ロ、
Four, Yamato Raku /
Five, small song /
Six, Nagauta /
[15]
212009(21)May 6(Day)
12:00, 15:30 start (2 performances)
Niigata City Performing Arts Center
theater
One, Nagauta /Banzai
Two, Nagauta /Phalaenopsis[Avoid ambiguity]
Three, the world of small songs
Lee 
Russia Osen
Ha heavy drinker
D Kanda Festival
ホ Sukeroku
ヘ 
[16]
222010(22)May 6(Day)
12:00, 15:30 start (2 performances)
Niigata City Performing Arts Center
theater
One, Furumachi Ozashiki souvenir
Lee Hayashi 
Russia 
Ha Aikawa Ondo
D 
Two, the color of the small song
Lee 
Russia 
Ha Kibun
D Autumn seven herbs
ホ 
Three, Nagauta Tamagawa 
[17]
232011(23)May 6(soil)
12:00, 15:30 start (2 performances)
Niigata City Performing Arts Center
theater
One, Nagauta 
Two, Nagauta 汐汲
Three, Kiyomoto 玉兎
four.Color of the hometown
Lee 
Russia Sunset
Ha 
D 
About 930 people[18][19]
242012(24)May 6(Day)
12:00, 15:30 start (2 performances)
Niigata City Performing Arts Center
theater
XNUMX. Edo customs dance
I.Echigo Lion

B.Tamaya

Two, December spelled out in a small song

About 760 people[20][21][22]
252013(25)May 6(Day)
12:00, 15:30 start (2 performances)
Niigata City Performing Arts Center
theater
part
one.Kouta Sanbaso
one.Kiyomoto Koshiji Hanato Mt. Ooyama (Mt. Ooyama pilgrimage)

Two parts
one.Zashiki souvenir
Niigata Okesa
Iwamuro Sandori (Iwamuro Geiko)
Yahiko Jinku (Yahiko Geiko)
Aikawa Ondo and others
About 1,000 people[23][24][25]

Related person

Geisha

Shonai-ya Shin
(1873 - 1938) --A geisha okoiya in the early Meiji era.A geisha who was enrolled in Shonai-ya.[26]
1886(Meiji 19).The first generationBandai BridgeWhen the bridge is bridged, the Daishi National Bank (nowFourth bank) The presidentSakimitsu YanagiharaWhen I asked him to voluntarily change the name of the bridge, he took charge of the relationship between the two.Shortly after the Bandai Bridge bridge, he was dropped as a concubine of Maekitsu.
The forelight is often sick1889From (Meiji 22)1890During (Meiji 23), he was allowed to return to Niigata, returned to Furumachi, and returned to the geisha of Shonai-ya.1894After Maemitsu died in (Meiji 27), he closed the geisha business and his sister-in-law, Shizue Fujima (Yae Shonaiya, later).Seiju Fujikage) Will be taken care of.
Shonaiya Yae
(1880 - 1966)- 1898Until then, a geisha who was enrolled in Shonai-ya.[27]
LaterSeiju Fujikage.

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
注 釈
  1. ^ Niigata Nippo Morning edition dated March 2012, 3. In "Hito Hymn Japanese Dancer Iemoto Ichiyama Seventy-Sixth", 14 (Showa 6)1982) It is supposed to be held.
Source

References

Related item

外部 リンク

New coronavirus

New coronavirus(Shingata coronavirus,English: Novel coronavirus, nCoV) IsCoronavirus familyOrthocoronavirus subfamilyBelongs toウ イ ル スOf these, it is a tentative name given to those that are medically and publicly important.[1][2][3][4].

In particularHuman coronavirusIt is often used in. (Human) Coronavirus against humanityEndemic diseaseIs believed to becoldCauses (common cold) -like symptoms,(English editionIs prevalent as a serious infection, often accompanied by pneumonia[1][2][3][4].

Virus type

The following viruses were positioned as new coronaviruses before their official names were given.

Types of new coronaviruses that are pathogenic to humans
Formal nameOther namesSusceptible host[† 1]First discovery location (discovery year)Infection
SARS coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)[† 2][5][6]2019-Ncov

SARS virus 2

Human coronavirus 2019 (HCoV-19)

Bat,Scale armorChugoku-Wuhan(2019)New Coronavirus Infection (2019) (COVID-19)[† 3][4][7]
MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV)[† 4]Middle east virus

MERS virus

Camel flu virus

camel,BatSaudi Arabia-Jeddah(2012)Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)[8][9].
Human coronavirus HKU1 (HCoV-HKU1)New Haven Virus[Annotation 1]A mouseHong Kong (2005)Mild respiratory tract infection, rarely severe pneumonia
SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-1)[† 2]SARS virusChinese cabbage,BatChugoku-Foshan(2002)Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)[9]
  1. ^ (English editionMay not be succeeded.
  2. ^ a b This virus is not a different speciesSARS-related coronavirusIs considered to be one of the stocks of.
  3. ^ Synonyms include 2019 coronavirus pneumonia,Wuhan pneumoniaThere is a syndrome.
  4. ^ (English edition,(English editionIncluding stocks of.

All of the above four viruses belong to the genus Betacoronavirus (betacoronavirus) Belongs to.

Etymology

Known for the "new" of the new coronavirusViral family classificationBelongs toIt means a new pathogen.That is, the new coronavirusCoronavirus familyIt means a new pathogen belonging to (or its subclass).There is no intention of a completely unknown new pathogen. The use of the word "new XX" was introduced in 2015WHOConforms to the new infectious disease naming scheme decided by[10][11][12].

Historically, pathogens have often been named after location, individuals, or specific species, but these practices are not currently endorsed by WHO.[10][11][12].

The permanent official names of viruses and diseases are, respectively.ICTVWHO OfInternational Classification of Diseases (ICD)Is determined by.

Detailed explanation

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Human coronavirus NL63 Some strains of (HCoV-NL63)New Haven Coronavirus Be careful not to confuse it because it is called (HCoV-NH).
  2. ^ Example of use of the name "new coronavirus" for SARS coronavirus by the media[15][16][17].
  3. ^ Example of use of the name "new coronavirus" for MERS coronavirus by the media[19][20][21][22][23].

Source

  1. ^ a b Murray and Nadel (2010). Chapter 31.
  2. ^ a b Cunha (2010). Pp. 6–18.
  3. ^ a b Melmed (2011). P. 636
  4. ^ a b c "The 2019–2020 Novel Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) Pandemic: A Joint American College of Academic International Medicine-World Academic Council of Emergency Medicine Multidisciplinary COVID-19 Working Group Consensus Paper". ResearchGate. 2020/5/16Browse.
  5. ^ "The 2019–2020 Novel Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) Pandemic: A Joint American College of Academic International Medicine-World Academic Council of Emergency Medicine Multidisciplinary COVID-19 Working Group Consensus Paper". ResearchGate. 2020/5/16Browse.
  6. ^ “Coronavirus disease named Covid-19”. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-51466362 .
  7. ^ According to ICD-10 the disease is referred to as "2019-new coronavirus acute respiratory disease [temporary name]". It is not listed in ICD-11.
  8. ^ a b Synonyms include 2019 coronavirus pneumonia and Wuhan respiratory syndrome
  9. ^ a b "What is the new coronavirus?”. Joetsu Community Medical Center Hospital. 2021/5/21Browse.
  10. ^ a b Ghosh R, Das S. A Brief Review of the Novel Coronavirus (2019-Ncov) Outbreak. Global Journal for Research Analysis. 2020; 9 (2).
  11. ^ a b World Health Organization Best Practices for the Naming of New Human Infectious Diseases. World Health Organization. May 2015.
  12. ^ a b Budhwani, Henna; Sun, Ruoyan (2020). “Creating COVID-19 Stigma by Referencing the Novel Coronavirus as the“ Chinese virus ”on Twitter: Quantitative Analysis of Social Media Data” (English). Journal of Medical Internet Research 22 (5): e19301. two:10.2196/19301. https://www.jmir.org/2020/5/e19301/. 
  13. ^ Host jump capability may not persist
  14. ^ "Eiken News" No.128,YamagataInstitute of Health, published June 2003, 6, page 10.
  15. ^ "SARS virus detected in less than an hour Eiken Chemical Nagasaki University and reagent development" "Nikkei Sangyo Shimbun』June 2003, 6, p. 20. "Causes SARSNew coronavirusWhen a reagent that can identify the gene of the patient is reacted with a sample such as patient's blood (hereinafter omitted) "
  16. ^ "Editorial SARS Eradication of Research" "Nihon Keizai Shimbun』June 2003, 6 morning edition, page 29. "To avoid these secondary SARS epidemics in advance and eradicate SARS itself,New coronavirusIdentification of the source of (Omitted below) "
  17. ^ "Memories of Eighteen 1996-2014 Domestic and Foreign News" "Asahi Shimbun』February 2015, 2 morning edition, page 12 (Nagoya Head OfficeEdition). In the topics of 2003, "This year,New coronavirusSevere Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is prevalent all over the world. "
  18. ^ a b Tetsuya Mizutani, ``New species of coronavirus"Virus" Vol. 63, No. 1, p.1-6, 2013, Japanese Society of Virology, two:10.2222 / jsv.63.1.
  19. ^ Concerns about the spread of new coronavirus infections in France increase (13/05/11) - UAF YouTube(ANN News
  20. ^ Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, Saudi Arabian Healthcare Worker Infection,Nihon Keizai Shimbun, August 2013, 5.
  21. ^ 31 people infected with new coronavirus in Saudi Arabia 40 people infected worldwide 20 people died,AFPBB News, August 2013, 5.
  22. ^ "New Coronavirus'MERS'WHO Beware of Pandemic Spreading in Europe" Nihon Keizai Shimbun, May 2013, 5, morning edition, page 29. The expression "new coronavirus" is only a heading, and in the text, it is written as "new virus" and "Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronavirus".
  23. ^ "Cold virus companion, MERS, the world is wary ── Prevention is hand washing and mask (Genki Navi)" Nihon Keizai Shimbun, June 2013, 6, evening edition, page 28.In the text "New coronavirusThe expression "Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)" can be seen.
  24. ^ Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV); Announcement of the Coronavirus Study Group Journal of Virology, Published ahead of print 15 May 2013, doi: 10.1128 / JVI.01244-13
  25. ^ Naming of the Novel Coronavirus WHO, 28 May 2013
  26. ^ Angle: The endless MERS, why no vaccine, Reuters, June 2015, 6.
  27. ^ "Not applicable to emergencies, Korean MERS" Travel restrictions are not required "WHO", Nihon Keizai Shimbun, June 2015, 6, morning edition, page 18. "MERS was confirmed in 6New coronavirusIs a respiratory illness caused by (abbreviated below). "
  28. ^ "I want to know now! Prevention and treatment of infectious diseases Hirosaki University planning series (46) Lessons from the MERS uproar" "Asahi Shimbun』January 2018, 1 morning edition (Aomori prefecture version), page 26.

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