Photo: Teachers teaching online = 24th, Mitsunonaka, Hakusan City
Closed school for all 3 subjects, relief and anxiety ... Refraining from taking the exam "Water bubbles if infected" "Concentrated at school"
If you write the contents roughly
On the 26th, all grades attended online classes using tablet terminals in Hakui.
● 10 Komatsu schools, up to private high school entrance exams Komatsu City and Nonoichi City will take private high school exams on the 26th as a measure to prevent infection of the new corona. → Continue reading
Northern country, Toyama newspaper
Wikipedia related words
If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.
Distance learning(Encounter,British: distance education, distance learning, teleteaching, on-line education, etc.) Means that the teacher does not provide the student or student face-to-face (physically), but provides it from a remote location.EducationThat.Remote education,Online lessonAlso called.
Commuting to schoolIt is done for reasons such as to deliver education to students who have difficulty in school, and to provide education to those who are working during the day and cannot attend the classroom.
インターネットWas introduced in the 1990s, until the early 2000sPCIt was mainly done using, but in the 2000s and 2010sTabletKinds have become relatively inexpensive to distribute and have become easier to use.
Distance education first became popularAustraliaIs.The need was high because the population was small compared to the vast land and the proportion of people living away from school was high.1911/ToQueensland UniversityEstablished Department of Correspondence Studies..The expression distance education was originallyAustraliaIt was used to support learning when children are too far from school.
Currently, in addition to being able to receive education from remote areas, I feel that I can study at my convenience even if I am busy, and I feel that I can use my time effectively because I do not have to go to school The number of cases is increasing.
Originally in JapanDistance learningIt was accepted, but not only the report of learning by mail, but also taking classes using TV and radio.NHK Academy-OUJ AcademyOr a university that uses the internet (Internet university) Etc. have appeared, and the names have become unsuitable for the actual situation, so the names in this section have come out.CurrentlyCram schoolHave also introduced distance education.2020/ OfNew coronavirus epidemicThen,primary school-Junior high school-high schoolAll at onceClosed schoolAs it became difficult to go to school, distance learning (online lessons) using the Internet was carried out.
Penetration rate in Japan and each country
Types of distance education
- Recording type
The recording type is an online lesson in which pre-recorded videos are distributed.Students watch the video from websites where the video is uploaded.
Since it is not a live stream, it is possible to repeatedly listen to the missed part or pause when taking notes.Also, basically, unless the video is deleted or made private, it is on the website, so you can watch it at your own timing.
- Live delivery type
The live distribution type is an online lesson in which it is distributed in real time using a video distribution tool or the like.Since it is delivered in real time, it will start at a fixed time.
It seems that the number of educational institutions that provide online lessons by live distribution is increasing because it is easy to do.
- Bidirectional type
The interactive type is an online lesson in which the lesson progresses in real time in the same way as live distribution. Applications such as "ZOOM" and "Skype" are often used.
The difference from live streaming is that you can see each other's faces and students can ask questions by chatting.Since the instructor and students can communicate with each other, it will feel as if they are actually taking classes face-to-face.
- "Distance Education System Utilization Guidebook 3rd EditionMinistry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, 2021-03-31, Issued
- Distance learning
- Internet school
- Video conference
- Broadcast education-Educational broadcast
- Open courseware
- Massive open online course(MOOC)
- Educational engineering
- Online tutor
- Digital native
Ancient timesTo write and read letters and figures fromClay plateAnd (portableblackboard(Including) and treesboard(Wooden stripPlate-shaped appliances such as) are used, and these areTabletWas called. In modern times, because of the similarity in shape8-bit personal computerFrom the age ofComputerIn the field related topointing deviceOf these, the plate-shaped one is a "tablet" or dedicated for operation.ペ ンBecause it requires "pen tablet"It is called.. Also, although it was not called a "tablet", and due to technical limitations at the time, it did not have such powerful processing power, but a button for inputting display and operation in a plate-shaped housing. Electronic devices equipped with, etc., and special formscomputerThere was a device equipped with a touch panel asLater).
But in 2002 it was plate-shapedCaseToPersonal computerIncorporates all the functions of (PC)All-in-oneAndTablet pcWas released, and the word "tablet" is not only used as a computer peripheral,Desktop personal computer,laptopIt has come to be used as a form of personal computer such as. This plate-shaped computer is on the main bodyCPUandMain memory,Auxiliary storageFrom the main function as a computer,Display deviceandTouch panel such asUser interfaceAlso combinedMobile deviceHowever, at that time, it had a strong character as a "personal computer for special purposes" as described later. But in 2010AppleからiPadHowever, in the form of tablets that can be used in various ways with high performance from each company to follow thisMobile information terminalHas been released to the general public and has formed a large market. They areTablet computerOr calledインターネットincludingComputer networkTo use the above servicesTerminalAs a personalityTablet terminalAlso called.
Since 2011, tablet computers, which have formed a major market as described below, are housed in a plate-shaped housing.Input deviceTouch panel as (plus some buttons), display as a display devicespeakerIt has built-in information processing capability, and an intuitive and easy-to-operate interface.ApplicationIt also provides various conveniences by allowing users to freely install applications as needed.
As of 2016, to add more value to existing tablet computersOne Seg,Full segReceiving functionTV receiverFunctions andMobile walletProducts with various functions added, includingSmartphoneBecame larger and the boundary with the tablet terminal became ambiguousPhabletThere is also a product called.
First year of tablet device
From the old daysTouch panel PC"Personal computer for special purposes" represented byPortable data terminalEtc.) existed, but from around 2010iPadThe number of users has increased at a stretch with the appearance of products for the general public, such as those described below, and in 2011, from various manufacturers.AndroidProducts equipped with this have also been released, and the same year is also called the "first year of tablet terminals.".
These devices need to be thin and lightweight to be portable (at least handheld), but traditionally they couldn't be so powerful computers due to technical limitations, so first Touch panel PC mentioned (laterTablet pc), But it is heavy and extremely expensive (it is not profitable unless it is for business use).Amazon Kindle(E-bookDedicated terminal =Ebook reader), Which has limited functions and uses, orSmartphoneSince it is a small portable device such as, there are restrictions such as a small screen. AlsoElectronic notebookからMobile information terminalTo a humble computer, like a PDAEmbedded systemIn some cases, a thin housing was realized, but the ones with limited functionality were the mainstream.
However, tablet terminals, which have become popular in the market since around 2010, have a relatively large screen, are capable of various processes, and are highly expandable in terms of software.Google Chrome OS In the development of 5-10inch OfdisplayDefined as having.. This size isPaper dimensionsThen, it corresponds to A5 --A7.
In what is called a tablet terminal today,インターネットAs a terminalMobile communicationServices and無線 LANConnect via, variousCloud computingYou can receive various services by itselfApplication softwareOr run in advanceoperating systemBuilt into or through any installed player softwareDigital media playerThere are products that can be used as. These usages showed an explosive epidemic in 2008.ネ ッ ト ブ ッ クIs eroding the netbook and even laptop markets.
In addition, there is a view that it is a new product that did not exist in the past as a background to the sales of such products such as iPad. These are toys (because they are used in various fields by users exploring how to use them, even though they are considered "why they are not needed".Portable game consoleInstead of (such as a sword) or TV (video siteAnd in storageMovieIt has also been pointed out that it is used in an extremely wide range, such as things to watch (files, etc.), medical equipment, memos, and notebooks to write down the contents of lessons..
The trend of these tablet terminals has also been a tailwind, and even tablet PCs, which are a pioneering field,laptopIncorporating the manufacturing technology of thin housings such as Ultra Mobile, which is progressing in Japan, low-priced, thin and light products for the general market have also appeared, and these are also decorating the PC shop as of the beginning of 2012.
In addition, such a thin terminal has good portability and wireless LAN (Wi-FiEtc.) as standard, for mobile devicesARM architectureCompared to laptop computers, models that usemobileThere are also advantages such as "good battery life" and "excellent responsiveness such as starting immediately" as an environment.Mobile broadbandGood compatibility with mobile communications, oftenIncentive systemThere are also sales that discount the prices of terminals and communication equipment that have introduced.
Pencept PenPad andCIC HandwriterIn September 1989, following early tablet computers such asGRiD SystemsIs the world's first commercially available tablet computerGRiDPadReleased.. GRiDPadSamsungManufactured by.. Of these three tabletsOSAre bothMS-DOSWas based on.
1990/ToSonyFrom the world's firstEbook reader(E-bookBrowsing device) functionElectronic dictionaryAs "Data Discman DD-1", in 1993NECからモ ノ ク ロExperimental products such as the LCD screen "Digital Book Player DB-P1" (1993) were on sale, but the DD-1 was equipped with a keyboard, and what could be called a tablet was the DB-P1. However, all of them are single-shot or short-lived products.
They aretext fileIs like displaying on the LCD screen, DD-1 is built-in8cm CD-ROMFrom the drive to DB-P1, it is external3.5 inch floppy disk driveData was read from and used.. After that, the electronic dictionary terminal uses the storage device from the CD-ROM.Flash memory(andMemory card) Has been replaced, and the market has been maintained while continuing to be multifunctional even in the 2010s.
Tablet PCs and related products
Tablet-type computer has been available from Microsoft since 2002Microsoft Windows XP Tablet PC EditionWas released, but at that time it was still more expensive than the desktop model.LaptopThe price is higher than the general public, and the price at the end of 2002 is mainly 25 yen or more.It was the level. For that reason,Portable data terminalIt was widely used only in limited fields such as business use and business use, and its penetration to the general public was very limited.
At that time, as a multifunctional mobile terminal with a communication function, it was a notebook PC.feature phoneIs the mainstream and was already in the mature stageMobile information terminalWas not a substitute for a PC because it had no communication function. AlsoDigital media playerEquipment like is still stationarySet top boxThere was only a device like this, but no portable one had appeared. And none of the products were in the form of tablets.
Expansion from e-books and smartphones
E-bookBrowsing terminal (Ebook reader), In 2003,Matsushita Electric IndustrialPanasonic System Solutions has introduced an e-book player "Σ Book" and Sony'sLIBRIe(2004)Amazon Kindle(Kindle, 2007st / XNUMXnd generation) was released in XNUMX, but these were mainly aimed at viewing e-book data in a dedicated format, and had no other functions or were limited. .. The screen was monochrome and had the advantage of low power consumption, but it specialized in very narrow functions compared to today's tablet terminals.
In 2010, the third-generation Kindle (which expanded its functions while mainly browsing e-books)Digital audio playerAvailable as) or SharpGALAPAGOS(Later general-purpose Android terminal) is on sale. In the same yeariPadWas released, and at the beginningiPod touch/iPhoneAs an extension ofiTunes StoreThe content holder to various contents (Music,Movie/moviesEtc.) on a large screenDigital media playerHowever, as the number of users gradually increased,App StoreThis product, which has an application execution environment released via, has established itself as a tablet computer that provides users with various conveniences.
At about the same timeSmartphoneDeveloped for,Android,BlackBerry OSTablet-type devices equipped with the above are being announced and released one after another, and in 2011, many such devices were released.
The following are operating systems for mobile devices.
- Android --AcquiredGoogleOS developed by.Linux kernel,W,DalvikUnique to callVirtual machineAnd so on.
- Fire - Android OfDerived OS.amazonOS developed by.
- BlackBerry Tablet OS —— An OS that focuses on remote management, access, and messaging with corporate use in mind.
- iOS-iPadOS - AppleAn OS developed exclusively for the company's own hardware.XNUkernel,Cocoa touch,Wな どMacOSIn common withcomponentIt consists of, but the UI is very different and binarycompatibilityThere is no.
- Microsoft Windows RT - Windows 8 OfARMAlthough the product is positioned as a version, it has compatibility with operability and data, but there are restrictions on compatibility as an application execution environment. The company's OS for smartphones is a separate seriesWindows PhoneTherefore, Windows RT can be said to be an OS specialized for tablets.
As of June 2013, the market continues to expand rapidly, but on the other hand, there are concerns about adverse effects on corporate profits due to rapid growth and low price competition..
These are due to the market tendency that emphasizes light weight and power saving.ARM architectureThe Android tablet, which is the main OS other than the iPad that adopts iOS, which had the largest market share until the beginning of 2013, has several similar products from multiple manufacturers in a similar price range. Will be released. Android, which overtook iOS in the first quarter of 2013 and gained the largest market shareAmong the models equipped with, low-priced models (Cheap edition) And intermediate and high-end models (High end), For example, in JapandtabWith some exceptions, such as less than 1 yen, it is available for around 2 to 5 yen.
PC/AT compatibleIs an extension ofPersonal computer Ofア ー キ テ ク チ ャThere is also a model equipped with Windows 8 that adopts, but due to the high cost such as high-density mounting, it is in the popular price range (Low end) Has only basic performancelaptopIt will be more expensive (about 7 yen to 10 yen or more). However, since Microsoft announced in May 2014 that it will provide a free license for "Windows 5 with Bing" for products that meet certain conditions, it will be sold at the same price as intermediate Android models. Products have also appeared.
The price of models equipped with the Windows RT series has been moving in a price range close to that of Android high-end class models.
- ^ For example, a major pen tabletWacom The"WT-1986M" released in January 1Is expressed as a "small pen tablet"
- ^ First year of tablet device Nikkei Business Online January 2011
- ^ Form Factors Exploration (The Chromium Projects)
- ^ Kazuki Kasahara's Ubiquitous Information Bureau / ARM tablet that eroded the netbook market PC Watch January 2012, 1
- ^ Will laptops be reversed in 13? Tablet shipment forecast MSN Sankei News, January 2013, 1
- ^ Tablet: Why sell when you don't need it? WIRED.jp April 2011
- ^ Users Manual for Penpad 320, Pencept, Inc., (June 15, 1984)
- ^ Software Control at the Stroke of a Pen, Pencept, Inc., (1985) 2009/5/21Browse.
- ^ Handwriter (R) GrafText (TM) System Model GT-5000, Communication Intelligence Corporation, (January 15, 1985)
- ^ The BYTE Awards: GRiD System's GRiDPad, BYTE Magazine, Vol 15. No 1, (January 12, 1990), p. 285
- ^ "DigiBarn Systems: GRiDpad Pen Computer". www.digibarn.com. 2015/11/16Browse.
- ^ (PDF) Transmission from the factory
- ^ Impress Keitai Watch March 2002
- ^ Samsung, 7-inch LCD Android tablet "GALAXY Tab"
- ^ RIM, 7-inch display tablet terminal "PlayBook"
- ^ Tablet market grows rapidly from January to March --- Concerns about inventory problems emerge due to divergence between shipments and sales --ZDNet Japan
- ^ ASCII.jp: Global tablet market is strong, Android shares reversal