Get a sitting chair!10 recommended popular brands with perfect design and function
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There are chairs with various types and functions, so please refer to them.
Seat chairs have also been renewed as the environment changes. In the past, seat chairs were like cushions with backrests. → Continue reading
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Wikipedia related words
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chair(Chair) is a general term for tools used to sit (sitting posture).
Chairs are made for rubbing or used for rubbing.. To strainFurniture(ofGeneric term).. Also called "sit". According to the definition of design registration by the Japan Patent Office,PeopleA device used to support the body when a person sits down and sits down".
The main things people take in their daily livespostureThere are three types of standing, sitting, and sleeping., The tool that corresponds to "sit" in this is a chair[Note 1].. Many people spend about one-third of their lives in chairs,human bodySince there is a strong demand for conformity to chairs, it is more realistic to call a chair "body" rather than "furniture"... The standing position, sitting position, and sleeping position are referred to as “standing position”, “sitting position”, and “decubitus position”. The seated posture is "Chair(Come on)”.[Note 2]
Structurally, all chairs are "seat"have. To support this seat in a typical chair,foot, And furtherBackrest"Or"ArmrestThere are some with ".[Note 3].
Chairs can be classified in terms of form, application, mechanism, material, processing technology, etc... The chairs (from the perspective of the number of people sitting) are "one person" and "more than one person" (two or more seats or long seats, etc.).ソ フ ァ ー)). #Classification and type
Some can structurally fold the seat and legs.. In some theaters, the seat surface can be flipped up... In addition, there are some with additional tables, storage units, audio equipment, and footrests..
In Japan as "chair, stool and chair"Household goods quality labeling methodAre subject to the application of the standard and are stipulated in the regulations for displaying quality of miscellaneous goods.
Classification and type
It is possible to classify by form, application, mechanism, material, processing method, etc..
- Classification by form
- Stools (chairs without backrests), small chairs, armchairs, easy chairs, chaise lounges (sofas),Chaise longue,Rocking chairな ど[Note 4].
- Classification by use
- Office workfor,Learningfor,Conferencefor,MealFor etc. Also, haircut (Barber-Beauty), for theater, for watching moviesThere are also for watching sports.
- Classification by mechanism
- Fixed (type), folding type, rotating type, etc..
- Classification by material
- ThuMade byRattanMade by金属Made byResinMade, etc..
- Classification by processing technology
- (For example, even in the same wooden chair) "Mageki" "Sawing products (= woodworking)latheProcessing)” “MoldingPlywoodMade" etc..
Main chairs by use and form
Chairs are categorized according to the purpose of use: PC, general office, conference/discourse/meal, rest/comfort, and chaise longue... Chairs that are usually used with desks and tables for personal computers, general business schools, meetings, conversations, and meals..
- folding chair
- An inexpensive combination of iron pipe and cushion materialmass productionChair that made it possible. In general, the term "pipe chair" often refers to a type that can be folded and flatten when stored.
- Office chair
- A generic term for chairs used in office work. There is only one strut on the seat surface, and at the end of the leg that is divided into multipleWheelIs often attached. The backrest金属Spring,gasPressure,hydraulicThe automatic restoration method usingscrewThere is a fixed type.computerMany of the products for work have armrests on both sides, and can finely adjust the height and angle of the seat surface, backrest, and armrests.
- Stools (stalls, stoles)(en: Stool (seat))
- A chair with no backrest or armrests. in English"
chair(）Is distinguished from.. There are many seats with a circular shape, which are sometimes called round chairs. Some of them have wheels with legs similar to those of office chairs, for tasks such as separating seats from previous mail shelves and moving a lot of seats while sitting.barSuch, restaurant OfcounterTall seats are also classified as stools.
- Milk stool
- A small three-legged chair that can be hung on a wall with a string attached.牛Because it is used when squeezing milkmilkingAlso called a stool. The seat height of other chairs for Japanese is about 40 cm, while this is low at about 25 cm.
- A chair with an armrest.
- Rocking chair(Rock chair)
- Generally, a sled-like curved member is attached to the ground contact side of the legs of the chair, and the chair has the function of swinging back and forth by moving the center of gravity.
- Easy chair
- In addition to the locking function, reclining such as the back rest part fallingA generic name for chairs with added functions. sometimesRocking chairMay be treated synonymously with.
- It is often written as a sofa, but its English pronunciation is close to "Soufa"... A chaise lounge with a backrest used for customer service. Some do not have armrests. The cover isclothMade (fabric)leatherThere are (leather) products, and the resilience of the skin tension and cushion varies from strong to weak (loose cushion). Also, the backrest can be tilted to the horizontal,bedThere is also a sofa bed (sofa bed).
- Chaise longue
- A generic name for a chair that can lie down. It is often used in hospital consultation rooms, etc., and is distinguished from a bed with sleeping furniture because it sits at the same height as a normal chair.Shades Long(Chaise longue) etc.
- Of the chaise longues, the sofa is used for formal customer service, while it is smaller and is used for private purposes.You can lie down to rest as a simple bed.Lie down on the couch and point to a lazy lifeCouch potatoBecame known.
- Sit on the tatami mat, floor, etc., orSittingIt assists the sitting posture similar to the sitting posture, and has no legs, and it has a sitting position (= surface / board on which the buttocks are placed).BackrestIs the basic configuration.. It does not matter whether or not you have an armrest..
- Not only the shape is horizontally long, but there are also circular ones along the circumference of trees, which refers to all chaise lounges that allow multiple people to sit on it.Bench seatIs also derived from this. In addition to long members, there are also a plurality of resin-molded chairs arranged for one person. Often placed outdoors,wood-Thermoplastic resin-FRP-金属In general, a material having excellent weather resistance is used, and most of them are surface-treated except for the thermoplastic resin.publicSince it is often placed on the floor, the number of sleeve partitions and irregularities that prevent monopoly by lying down or sleeping is increasing in recent years.
- drumA drum chair for sitting and playing is sometimes called a "drum throne".The throne as a physical chair and the toilet bowl for infantsOmarHowever, the meaning of Sloan in English in general is not so much as a physical chair.ThroneIt has a strong meaning of "the throne" and "the throne".
For chairs of public institutions, durability and ease of cleaning may be prioritized. Chairs installed outdoors may also be required to have rain resistance and light resistance.
Design and function
Chairs may be focused on design or function.
In the Middle Ages, the design of chairs was developed for royal and aristocrats to show off their authority. The style is influenced by the Christian decoration of the Middle Ages.Gothic,Renaissance,Baroque,Rococo, (fr) And so on.
In modern times, functional designs that pursue practicality and artistry develop. Traditionally, Scandinavia and Italy are famous, and after the war, American modern such as Eames is also famous.
- Aaron chair
- Egg chair
- Tulip chair
- Bubble chair
- Kneeling chair
- Stool 60 (): FinnishAlvar AaltoDesigned by. Scandinavian modern in the first half of the 20th century. A simple design that makes good use of curves made of wood.
- Eames Shell Chair "Side Shell Chair" (Herman MillerCompany):Charles EamesDesigned by. Representative of American Modern from the 1940s to the 1980s.
- CH24 "Y chair":Hans J. Wegner
- Seven chairs ():Arne Jacobsen
- PK22:Paul Careholm
- Red and Blue Chair:
- LC2 ():Le Corbusier(Many furniture designs are assistantsCharlotte PerriandWas in charge)
- Barcelona Chair (Company):Mies van der Rohe 1929 Barcelona World's FairDesigned as a chair for guests along with the German Pavilion.
- HILLHOUSE "Ladder back chair":Macintosh
- ():Isamu Kenmochi
- (Tendo woodwork):Sori Yanagi
- Low chair (Tendo Mokko):Junzo SakakuraBuilding Research Institute (in charge Masterpiece)
- Spoke Chair (Tendo Mokko):
- Low Cost Chair (Tendo Mokko):Katsuo Matsumura
Originated in EnglandWindsor chair(This is made in Sweden)
Aalto.. Table and chairs
Charles Eames..Lounge chair & ottoman
Arne Jacobsen.. Ant Chair (1952)
The height of the seat surface has the greatest influence on posture and workability. For example, the lower the seat of a chair in the bathroom, the more stable the whole body becomes, and the easier it is to put effort into the fingers. However, it is difficult to move to the standing position and the back is curled, so it takes a lot of strain on the body to use it for a long time. On the other hand, when the seat surface is high, the posture of the upper body is improved. However, the burden on the lower limbs increases. It has high workability and is almost upright, so the transition to walking is smooth. The seat angle, softness, and depth are also important factors.
A backrest is essential for a chair that is used for a long time in office work. The angle and height of the backrest and the angle between the backrest and the seat surface are taken into consideration.
Scientific elucidation of the relationship between chairs and the human body began in the 1950s, but new occupational diseases such as reduced visual acuity and arm fatigue have also been pointed out due to environmental changes such as office automation since the end of the 1970s. , Furniture such as chairs and desks corresponding to a new environment, lighting methods and environmental adjustment methods came to be developed.. The most prominent ones are those that allow the seat surface to lean forward more than the conventional ones, allowing a forward leaning work posture (forward leaning), and moving the chair part (movable). is there.
Chair for rest/comfort
The rest/comfort chair is a chair that is suitable for sitting for a long time, and is also used for theater and vehicle seats... The elements of the support surface of the rest/comfort chair include seat angle, seat depth, seat height, back angle, and waist support height..
Balance chairIs a chair that takes an intermediate posture between standing and sitting. The seat has a strange appearance in which the seat leans forward and the knees support the movement to slide forward. It was born from the inventor's childhood when he was playing with the seat of a school chair leaning forward. Hans Christian MengshoelyogaIt is said that he got a hint from his attitude.. The weight is distributed to the hips and knees, and when sitting, the spine naturally forms an ideal S-shaped curve and stands upright, dramatically reducing the strain on the waist and shoulders. Since the pressure on the thighs is reduced, the problem of obstruction of blood circulation and numbness or swelling of the legs is dramatically reduced. It can be said that this chair is suitable for office work. The human skeleton does not have a structure in which the spine and femur can be bent at 90 degrees and held for a long time, and when sitting on a chair with a horizontal seat surface, the spine must be rounded to reduce the burden on the waist. It has an extremely ergonomically designed design that focuses on the attitude of However, it also has the drawback that it requires a wide space in front and behind due to its structural relationship.
Is a saddle-shaped chair that allows you to reduce fatigue by sitting in a riding position. Adopted by 90% of Scandinavian dentists, it is suitable for craftsmen who move around while sitting for a long time. Like a balance chair, it is possible to sit up naturally without any difficulty, and compared to a chair with a normal sitting surface, the elements that block blood circulation by weight and the burden on the waist etc. are dramatically improved. ..
A generic term for chairs with a massage function.Electric motorByShiatsuThe ball moves up and down, and has the function of rubbing and loosening the stiff muscles. In recent years, you can select a massage menu that has been programmed by adding not only the massage of the back muscles but also the function of relaxing the swelling of the legs by standing work. Some home appliance manufacturers have a function of controlling according to the heart rate of the heart.
The chair has properties that symbolize the position and position, such as the throne of ancient Egypt and the chair of the bishop of the medieval church (symbolism of the chair)..
ThroneIs a chair used by the king. Also, when we say "throat", it may be a metaphor for the authority and authority that those who would sit on it would have. Rome·Catholic churchThen,BishopThe seat the person who became seated when performing the official mission of the bishop is "Bishop". And especially the church (cathedral) where the Bishop's seat is installed (higher than the general church)Cathedral of the Bishop"Cathédrale Cathedral" in French and "cathedral Cathedral" in English. Originally means a seatAncient greekIs “kathedra catedra” (of Roman Catholic official language)LatinThen, it is called cathedra, but it is the etymology of "cathédrale" and "cathedral", and it is important that the seat of a specific position is installed. .. Note thatOrthodox churchHowever, the English expression is the same as "cathedral", but in the Japanese Orthodox Church such a seat is called a "Civilian seat" (with a slightly different Kanji expression from the Roman Catholic Church), and the church where such a seat is installed is "Cathedral of the Diocese".
Even today, office office chairs have grade classifications that reflect the symbolic character of the chair..
Chairs are closely related to human behavior and costumes of each age (chair age).
The relationship between the space of modern architecture and chairs came to be considered important in determining the form of chairs (chair spatiality)..
For people to sit, natural objects such as stones and stumps were once diverted, and were used as tools for chairs to sit on... Chair historyAncient egyptGo back to.. In ancient Egypt the chair was used as a symbol of authority.
Skirts with wide hem became popular among court ladies during the Renaissance, and chairs were widely influenced by the fact that the front of the seat surface was widely fan-shaped (a chatter chair)... Other chairs that were influenced by court manners and clothes include the Fergingale chair in the early 17th century and the Periwig chair (wig chair) in the English court in the late 17th century..
As in Western EuropeChugokuHas a history of "chair culture". Of the northern herders in ChinaNorthern WeiThe spread of chairs began with the customs of宋It spread to the general hierarchy in the age of. On the other hand, in Japan andKoreaThen, there is a history of having a lifestyle that does not use chairs much.
In Japan, chairs and floors were sometimes used in Japan during the Heian period, but they did not continue or spread widely. Outdoors, folding chairs ("Floor(Shogi)) or a chair (""bench(Endai)") was used. However, these are temporary seats, and normallytatamiHad a lifestyle of sitting directly in. Also, was sometimes used in Buddhist temples. In the world of Japanese music, it has a shape very similar to the modern one called (Aibiki)JoineryChair has been used for a long time.Edo PeriodIt was used in places where there was exchange and trade with the West, churches, Western-style houses, etc.
ロシアEnvoy ofPuchachinSecretaryGoncharovIt is,1853(6th year of Kaei)May 12,NagasakiHow Japanese people are unfamiliar with chairs when they visited Japan1857). According to this, the Russian mission and the key figures of the Shogunate first discussed how to sit at the meeting between the two representatives, but the Russians sat on the tatami for 5 minutes. It was said that the Japanese could not sit on the chair just as they could not. It is written that Japanese people "numb their legs because they are not accustomed to sitting in a chair.".. Thus, until the Edo period, chairs were not popular, and therefore there was no lifestyle to sit on them.
MeijiEntering the timesCivilizationAfter going through,Dedicated to pre-school and extra curricular,Government officeChairs have come to be used in such cases, but it still took some time to spread to general households. In the Japanese-style tatami culture lifestyleCushionThe role of a chair, etc., and the necessity of using a chair was low. Later, when Western culture was introduced due to the influence of Western culture, chairs were used in ordinary households. Today, it is used in many places including schools and homes.
As one of the reasons why the acceptance of chairs in Japan has not progressed, Hidemasa Yatabe argues that there is a compatibility between Japanese clothing and chairs... For Japanese clothing, straightly trimmed cloth is lined inside and fastened with a belt.KimonoIt is the basis of the tie-down that has the function of preventing wear from falling and supporting posture.kimonoAnd it is not compatible with a chair with a backrest, and the backrest of an existing Japanese chair made before the Edo period is not thought to support the upper body and relax..
Japanese Showa period school chair (Twenty-four eyes movie village）
Chair and noise
Noise (moving noise) caused by friction between the chair legs and the floor may be disliked (especiallyFlooringin the case of). In some cases, the chair originally had rubber or felt, or it was worn by the user.. Japaneseprimary schoolIn recent years,noiseUsed as a mitigation measureTennis ballThere is also a movement to fit the to the leg of the chair. However, "a small amount ofChemical substanceSome say "health damage from radiation".
Extremely low back (counterseat. )
Novels related to chairs
- Human chair: Ranpo EdogawaNovel
- Silver chair: The story of NarniaVolume 4 of
- Chair:Eugene IonescoAbsurd theater. Chairs are brought to the stage one after another, and eventually the chairs fill the stage.
- ^ In addition, the tool corresponding to <<sleep>>bed(Orfuton).
- ^ In addition (to that)(I.e. OfSaddle,Bicycle OfsaddleFor example, the posture that straddles an object is called "Kaza".
- ^ The names of parts/parts include "backrest", "armrest", "leg", etc. Part names may be subdivided on dining chairs (Source:Dining chair parts and names: Furniture How to choose -Happy Home.com)
- ^ In Chinese, depending on whether or not there is a backrest,Chair(Chair)" and "凳(Rinko)”.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Rikuhei Yamauchi "Chair and comfort: Variety of ergonomic aspects"Ergonomics, Vol. 21, No. 5, Japan Ergonomics Society, 1985, pp. 233-238," two:10.5100 / jje.21.233,2020th of February 5Browse.
- ^ Oxford Dictionary, "seat".
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Shogakkan "" "chair"
- ^ Kojien XNUMXth edition "Chair"
- ^ Design classification definition card (D7) Design number D7-200 Patent Office
- ^ a b c d e f g Design classification definition card (D7) Patent Office
- ^ a b c d "Miscellaneous goods industrial product quality display regulations”. Consumer Affairs Agency. 2013th of February 5Browse.
- ^ Without a backrest not called a "chair" -2006/06/14 (Wed) 14:48:01 [Searchina]
- ^ a b c d e Haruyuki Asada, Kazuhiko Uchida, Hidetoshi Watanabe, Jiro Ohara “Find a chair that fits your body"Lectures of the Japan Ergonomics Society" 48spl The 53rd Japan Ergonomics Society, Japan Ergonomics Society, 2012, pp. 312-313, two:10.14874 / jergo.48spl.0.312.0,2020th of February 5Browse.
- ^ English version Stool (seat) See.
- ^ English version Stool bar See.
- ^ British: reclining
- ^ http://ejje.weblio.jp/content/sofa (Kenkyusha New English-Japanese dictionary)
- ^ “Norwegian Design-Beautiful climate and excellent furniture, interior and graphic design” p.164-165 (Makoto Shimazaki) ISBN-978 4416607251
- ^ Kagi Wada Tsutomu "Chair Folklore" Shibata Shoten, 1977. Pages 28-29.
- ^ a b Hidemasa Yatabe "Chairs and the body of the Japanese" Shobunsha 2004 ISBN 4794965966 pp. 61-67.
- ^ Household noise series “Household equipment/equipment” -Yokohama City Environmental Planning Bureau
- ^ Q: I'm using a used tennis ball on a classroom desk or chair leg. -Yamaguchi Prefectural School Pharmacist Association
- Reclining seat
- Deck chair
- Bucket seat
- Barber chair
- Chair study
- Chair taking game
- wheelchair - walkingUsed by people who have difficulty in moving, a chair with wheels for movement. In most cases, there are two uses that the caregiver pushes from the back, so that it can be folded and lightened.steel,Aluminum alloyパ イ プMany have bones.
- Electric chair -Chair used for executions, equipped with restraints and various electrodes. Not used in Japan.
- Air chair -An isometric muscle contraction exercise that keeps your back sitting against a wall for the purpose of strengthening your thigh muscles instead of the actual chair and maintaining a sitting posture in a virtual chair. It was not used since it was known that the knee joint is more burdened than the strengthening of the thigh muscle. It was sometimes used for squeezing because it forced an unreasonable posture.