Photo Hajime Furuta, who picks up a bouquet after deciding 5 selections by the governor of Gifu Prefecture = Gifu City on the night of the 24th
Five selections of Mr. Furuta as Governor of Gifu Conservative division system for the first time in half a century
If you write the contents roughly
The support of the Liberal Democratic Party Prefectural Federation was split between Mr. Furuta and Mr. Esaki, and the split election in the "Conservative Kingdom" since 1966 was won by Mr. Furuta, who was recommended by most of the members of the prefectural parliament.
As a result of the ballot counting on the 24th, Hajime Furuta (73), who is incumbent, won the fifth election for the governor of Gifu prefecture due to the expiration of his term.Motouchi ... → Continue reading
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One party headquarters recommends candidate A in one constituency, but a local branch of a party recommends another candidate B.Normally, discussions and coordination are carried out between the headquarters and the local branch to unify the candidates, but candidates A and B run for the same constituency without responding to the discussion (broken) and vote. Will split.As a result, there is a possibility that the groove between the candidates will be highlighted and the election itself will be elected by the third candidate due to the division of votes.
Example of split elections in Japan
Example of Japan Socialist Party
The Japan Socialist Party in the 1950sSan Francisco Peace TreatyThe pros and cons of Japan and the re-arming of Japan were divided into left and right wing, and unification was repeated. In the elections held before the reunification in 1955, two political parties, the left and the right, had nominated candidates, resulting in a de facto split election.
Example of Seirankai
In the 1970sLiberal Democratic factionFormed across the boardMaintenanceIt was a gathering of young members of the sectSeirankai TheLiberal Democratic Party ExecutiveOpposition to (Tanaka Plutocracy),10rd House of Councilors ordinary electionIn opposition to the party's policy, he set up a candidate unique to the Seirankai and faced the election campaign.,In particularHokkaido constituencyThen.Yoichi Kawaguchi-Shinichi NishidaOf the Seirankai who were dissatisfied with the official recognition of both incumbentsKoichi Hamada-TakebeRagaTatsuo TakahashiAs a result of forcing them to run for the race, the maintenance votes were dispersed and all three of them collapsed and all were rejected...The Liberal Democratic Party executives, who saw the number of votes and influence, decided not to punish the Seirankai..
1974 years10rd House of Councilors ordinary electionAt1 person ward OfTokushima Prefecture Election DistrictIncumbentKentaro KujimeThere was, but at that timeKakuei TanakaThe prime minister says he will give priority to his incumbentUnwritten ruleContrary toDeputy Secretary-General, Cabinet SecretariatMetMasaharu GotodaTheLDPOfficial recognitionAs a candidate, he did not give official approval to his incumbent Kujime.Tokushima constituency leads Miki factionTakeo MikiKujime is the hometown of Takeo MikiCastleElderBecause he was one of Miki's aides who was called, Miki rebelled against Tanaka's decision.FactionIt became an election campaign in which the conservative camp was divided to support the election campaign of Kujime, who is an opponent of Gotoda, an official candidate of the party.
As a result, the incumbent Kujime, who ran as an independent, was elected, and Gotoda was defeated.After this election, for a long time in Tokushima Prefecture, the Miki system and the Gotoda system were completely divided over the national affairs and Tokushima prefectural government, the Liberal Democratic Party was completely divided, the parliamentary groups of the prefectural assembly were separated, and the subsequent election for the governor of Tokushima was also divided.
1991 Governor of Tokyo Election
IncumbentShunichi SuzukiWas criticized for his age and term limits.LDPThe headquarters urged Suzuki to retire in order to hand over the guidance to Suzuki, who is not at the discretion of the center, but Suzuki refused, and the Liberal Democratic PartyTokyoRen supported Suzuki's continued throwing,Democratic PartyTokyo also turned to support Suzuki.Therefore, the Liberal Democratic Party headquartersKomeito・ In collaboration with the Democratic Socialist PartyNHKOf the press directorNaonori IsomuraWas supported.On the surface, neither Suzuki nor Isomura belonged, but the election was divided because it was a proxy war between the LDP headquarters and the Tokyo Metropolitan Government.The Democratic Socialist Party and the Komeito Party were also in a split election and were in cooperation with the Democratic Socialist Party.Sports and peace party Ofア ン ト ニ オ 猪 木Also announced that he would be elected governor of Tokyo at one point (later withdrawn).As a result, incumbent Suzuki was elected, and at that timeLDP secretary generalwasIchiro OzawaResigned as secretary-general, taking responsibility.
1993 House of Representatives election
Ichiro Ozawa's group lost to the Liberal Democratic Party's faction battleReform Forum 21 OppositionSubmitted byCabinet no confidence resolutionI voted in favor of the proposal.As a result, the motion of no confidence was passed, and the House of Representatives was dissolved and an election was held.Initially, the Ozawa group planned to remain in the LDP and fight for elections, but opposed the motion of no confidence.Masayoshi Takemura,Yukio HatoyamaEtc. left the Liberal Democratic PartyNew partyThe Ozawa group left the Liberal Democratic Party to form ""New PartyWas formed.
1996 House of Representatives election
consumption taxOpposed to the tax increase and was fighting an election campaignBudding partyHowever, it is a supportive body of the former KomeitoSoka GakkaiOpposed to the party's policy and opposed the opposition Liberal Democratic Party and the same tax increase in multiple single-seat constituencies.Democratic PartyVoted for the candidate, and it became a de facto split election.The New Frontier Party suffered a defeat below the re-election seats and was disbanded two years later.
2005 House of Representatives election
Postal privatization billOver the decision ofPrivatization of postal servicesThere was a member of the Liberal Democratic Party who opposed it.The postal privatization bill was passed by the House of Representatives, but was rejected by members of the House of Councilors.The Koizumi administration, which had announced that it would dissolve the House of Representatives immediately if the bill was rejected by the House of Councilors, dissolved the House of Representatives as previously announced, did not veto the members who violated the bill, and sent thug candidates to the constituencies of the members.Most of the protesters ran as independents because they could not be officially recognized.The Liberal Democratic Party's prefectural federations accepted thug candidates, but some prefectural federations supported protesters who opposed the bill, resulting in a split in the single-seat constituencies.The media also broadcast the constituencies that are in conflict in the split elections as notable constituencies.In the single-seat constituencies, there were cases where the LDP official candidate defeated the protesters, cases where the LDP candidate lost in the single-seat constituency but revived proportionally, and cases where the Democratic party candidate won in the single-seat constituency in the interest of the fisherman.In addition, most of the members who left the Liberal Democratic Party due to the rebellion at this time returned to the Liberal Democratic Party during the first Abe Cabinet.
2007 Miyazaki Governor Election
Government-made negotiation caseAt that timeGovernor-Tadahiro Ando ArrestAccompanying what was doneGovernor electionIn, the Liberal Democratic Party and the Komeito PartySatoshi MochinagaWas recommended, but from the same maintenance campHidesaburo KawamuraAlso ran for the conservative camp, resulting in a split election.In addition to the split conservative votes in the electionIndependenceFrom Miyazaki who took in the layerstalent-That Manma Higashi (real name: Hideo Higashikokuhara)Wins.
2012 LDP presidential election
The largest faction of the LDPMachimura school TheShinzo AbeHe supported the former president, but the chairmanNobutaka MachimuraAlso decided to run for the president, so the election was divided by factions...The result is Shinzo Abe's final vote by members of parliamentShigeru IshibaTo reverse and win.
2013 Upper House election
Democratic PartyIs a five-person districtTokyo constituencyI was aiming to have two candidates in, but it was done just beforeTokyo congressist electionBecause the Democratic Party candidates collapsed one after another in multiple wards inMasako OkawaraRevoke the official approval ofHiroshi SuzukiAlthough it was unified intoNaoto KanyuanPrime MinisterSeveral Democrats have announced their support for Ogawara, resulting in a substantive split election.However, as a result, both Ogawara and Suzuki lost their votes.
2016 Governor of Tokyo Election
Yoichi Masuzoe前Governor of TokyoWas executed due to the resignation of2016 Governor of Tokyo ElectionThen,Yuriko KoikeyuanMinister of DefenseSubmitted a recommendation request to the Liberal Democratic Party, but criticism erupted from within the party that Koike announced his candidacy without permission from the party, so the Liberal Democratic Party headquarters, Komeito,A party that values the heart of JapanWas supported by the Liberal Democratic Party Tokyo RenHiroya MasudayuanMinister of Internal Affairs and Communications(PreviousIwateGovernor) Was decided to make a recommendation.In response to this, Koike withdrew his hope for recommendation and ran for office without the support of political parties.As a result, Koike won about 291 million votes, and won the runner-up Masuda by a large margin of more than 100 million votes.
2019 Fukuoka Governor Election
The incumbent who supported the past two timesHiroshi OgawaNot the originalWelfare workOfficials OfKazuhisa TakeuchiTheDeputy Prime MinisterandMinister of Finance OfTaro AsoLed to lead the Liberal Democratic Party, Fukuoka Prefectural Federation ChairmanKurauchi YuuoRecommended by..In the stream, a member of the Diet from Fukuoka PrefectureRyota Takeda,Jiro Hatoyama,Makoto OnikiAnd retired from the DietMakoto Koga,Yamazaki Taku,Seiichi OtaEtc. supported..Ogawa won overwhelmingly and 3 selections.
2021 Gifu prefectural governor election
Conservative split election for the first time in 55 years
Examples of split elections in foreign countries
In the United States, there is no split election because of the unique electoral system in which the Republican Party, the Democratic Party, and the two major parties each fight in the primary, decide the winner in the state, and monopolize the number of electors. In the 2 presidential electionRoss PerraultBecame popular as a third party, and received support from the supporters of the two major political parties, marking a voter turnout of nearly 2%. (No electoral college)
Examples of avoidance of split elections
1980 House of Representatives election
At that time, the LDP was in a fierce conflict between mainstream and anti-mainstream groups.The confrontation became fierce and was in a state of promptness.In fact, the motion of no confidence in the cabinet submitted by the opposition is passed by the absence of anti-mainstream factions.Of the prime ministerMasayoshi OhiraDisbanded the House of Representatives, but the mainstream and anti-mainstream criticized each other, showing the appearance of a split election.However, following the sudden death of Prime Minister Ohira, the mainstream and anti-mainstream factions united to fight the election campaign and won a landslide victory.
- ^ All candidates for SeirankaiIndependentCandidate for
- ^ Tsutomu Takebe talks-at that time-the House of Councilors election for "Tatsu-chan" who triggered the change of generations
- ^ "Monthly Free Democracy" September 1974 issue 9P-45P
- ^ Miyazaki Governor's election, Mr. Manma Higashi defeats the big win self-recommended candidate Viewed December 2012, 12
- ^ Liberal Democratic Governor's Election: 2012 people at Mr. Abe's study session ... Machimura faction split election-daily jp December 12, 1
- ^ "The Liberal Democratic Party Chairman Fukuoka Prefecture resigns due to a big defeat in the governor's election" (Japanese). Mainichi Newspapers(July 2019, 4) 2019/4/8Browse.
- ^ "Mr. Aso, siege net at his feet" One after another "rebellion" supporting the incumbent in the Fukuoka governor's election (Japanese). Sankei Shimbun(July 2019, 3) 2019/4/8Browse.
- ^ "Four Gifu prefectural governors are running for the first time in 4 years," conservative division "" (Japanese). NHK(July 2021, 1) 2021/1/24Browse.