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🏛 | Criticism of NY Governor Kuomo Increasingly declining approval rating, possible predicament


Criticism of NY Governor Kuomo grows stronger Support rating declines, possible predicament

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It has been praised for its information disclosure in response to coronavirus, but there is a possibility that it will be in a difficult situation.

Over the issue of underreporting the number of elderly facility residents who died from the new coronavirus, Ku, New York ... → Continue reading


Delivering the latest news in New York in Japanese! Can you read English news even? Daily Sun NY delivers daily New York news in Japanese from major media outlets. What's happening, is it a topic? If you read Daily Sun NY, you can see "New York now" at a glance!

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Information disclosure

Information disclosureWhat is (johokoukai)?CountrySuch aspublic agencyHowever, it is to disclose business records.

Information Disclosure Philosophy

In Japan, the government is an institution operated by the will of the people.[1]Therefore, in principle, the public can read all the documents created by the administration.

Unclear political and administrative decision-making processes can lead to inefficient and unfair cases in information disclosure, so the public can monitor who made the decision and on what basis. Has the purpose of increasing transparency[2].

NationalRight to knowOn the other hand, publishing documents can also lead to invasion of privacy.Handle official documentsArchivistIs obliged to examine whether the content of the information is suitable for disclosure before disclosing the information.Also, the content of the document isState secretWe have to be careful about things related to national security.

Information disclosure system of each country


The forerunner of the information disclosure systemスウェーデンIt is said that.In Sweden, the information disclosure system develops faster than the establishment of democracy,1776The Free Publishing Law of Japan stipulates a system for publishing official documents at the request of the public, along with prohibition of censorship.[2].


Information Disclosure Law in Japan (Law concerning disclosure of information held by administrative agencies) Was enacted2001That is.

Since there was no idea of ​​information disclosure in the first place, official documents prepared by each government agency of the Japanese government are kept.National ArchivesWas made1971Is.Japan's first archives1959 OfYamaguchi Prefectural ArchivesHowever, it was established not for information disclosure but for the purpose of preserving historical materials.In general, archivesAncient documentIt has the role of a "document museum" that stores materials with pure historical value, and the role of a "document safe" that stores important official documents such as prefectural government.

1988(Showa63 years)Archives ActIs enforced,Japanese Government,Local governmentOn the other hand, it was clarified that there is an obligation to preserve official documents and open them to the public.HoweverQuarter centuryMore than that2016(Heisei28 years) Even nowPrefecturesOnly about half ofArchivesHas not been established.Frequently in recent yearsGreat Heisei mergerBecause of this, there is no consensus on the transfer of official documents and the management budget, and the official archives room that existed before the merger may be in danger of survival.

裁判 所as well as the 国会There is no law on requesting disclosure of information held by.However, regarding the court, the trialJudgmentHas been published (Article 82 of the Constitution of JapanItem 1,Court Law Article 70reference).About civil procedure recordsCivil Procedure Code第91条第1項で何人も民事訴訟記録の閲覧を請求することが可能であり、同法第92条第1項により閲覧制限の決定がなされない限りは閲覧することができ、民事裁判の記録保存については事件記録等保存規程(昭和39年12月12日最高裁判所規程第8号)で規定されている。刑事訴訟記録については刑事訴訟法第53条第1項で「何人も、被告事件の終結後、訴訟記録を閲覧することができる。但し、訴訟記録の保存又は裁判所若しくは検察庁の事務に支障のあるときは、この限りでない」と規定され、Definitive judgmentBecameCriminal trialAbout record keeping ofCriminal Final Litigation Record ActStipulated in.

For judicial administrative documents, see "Guidelines for handling affairs related to disclosure of judicial administrative documents held by the Supreme Court], Disclosure can be requested.Also, regarding the DietMain Convention・ It is stipulated that the committee should be made public and the minutes should be made public (Article 57 of the Constitution,Diet Law Article 62-63 articlereference).

Of the Diet,House of Representativesas well as the House of CouncilorsAbout the secretariat ofAdministrative rules regarding disclosure of administrative documents of the House of Representatives held by the Secretariat of the House of Representatives""Business handling rules regarding disclosure of secretariat documents held by the House of Councilors secretariatIs stipulated,Supreme CourtAs with the operation of the information disclosure system in Japan, the legal nature of the disclosure decision is unclear, and the materials due to the disclosure decisionCopyAtCopyright infringementThere is a problem such as there is a risk of.

It is an organization similar to an administrative agencyIndependent administrative agencyFor information disclosure such asIndependent Administrative Institution Information Disclosure LawThere is.


[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ National democratic right
  2. ^ a b Nozomi Takaoka "Should Japan Become Sweden?" PHP Shinsho, p. 45

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