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🏛 | Mandatory mask dinner, do you protect everyone?Legal basis for applying "Manbo" for the first time in Osaka


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Mandatory mask dinner, do you protect everyone?Legal basis for applying "Manbo" for the first time in Osaka

 
If you write the contents roughly
Sakura Inoue (Talent) "I watched a video explaining Kanagawa Prefecture about mask dinner and actually tried it.
 

"Manbo" is likely to be applied to Osaka Prefecture for the first time in Japan.Governor Hirofumi Yoshimura yesterday 31st (2021 ... → Continue reading

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Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Explanatory video

Explanatory video(Kaisetsudo,British: Explainer video) is oneMovieGenreAnd complicatedtopicThis is a video to "tell the target group in an easy-to-understand manner" in a short time.There are various types of creative methods to convey in an easy-to-understand manner, but one common feature is to focus on the important points without discussing the entire theme and explain them efficiently in a few minutes, which is not so long. Be done.

Typical elements that make up an explanation video

Design

Context

  • contextThe viewertopicAre often selected so that they can better understand the subject by applying to the actual situation of their daily experience.In other words, it is not usual that only explanations flow, and topic analysis is done from the perspective of the target group.

Terminology and syntax

  • Explanatory videoIs often explained in clear and simple terms.The expression is concrete and sometimes gives an easy-to-understand explanation.The sentence structure is also simple.抽象的な概念や難解な構文よりも、具体的な概念や単純な構文の方が脳には、はるかに迅速に処理できるということは、脳科学的に証明されているBrain science has shown that concrete concepts and simple syntax can be processed much faster by the brain than abstract or esoteric syntax.[2].

Narrative

  • By using narrative, the message is firmly rooted in the mind and appeals to the head and mind of the target group.Specific stories also help to apply the topic to the reality of one's daily experience.物語に、既存の知識を裏付け、ネットワーク化し、将来の状況に備えていつでも取り出せるようにする力があることがあることは、科学的な観点から証明できるFrom a scientific point of view, it can be proved that stories may have the power to support existing knowledge, network it, and make it available at all times for future situations.[3]
  • When used in internal public relations, narrative provides an opportunity to anticipate the end of the transformation process by explaining the solution.そこから生じる未来のビジョンは、共通の目標を設定することで、従業員のThe vision of the future that arises from it is to set common goals for employees.motivationCan be enhanced[4].

Use of simple symbols

  • manyExplanatory videoFormat is simplesymbolIs used.コアメッセージや重要なコンテクストは、目立つイラストやThe core message and important context are prominent illustrations andCGVisualized with.Concept,PhilosophyAbstract messages such as are also expressed by symbols.However, how detailed the visualization is depends on the format.

Scientific basis and empathy mechanism

Knowledge acquisition: multimedia learning

  • The multisensory system appeals to multiple sensations.人間の脳は、ばらばらに入ってくるThe human brain comes apartsignalMessages that arrive at the same time through multiple senses can be processed more quickly and many times more intensively than [5]..リチャード・E・マイヤーのマルチメディア学習の認知理論(2001)は、どのような原理がWhat is the principle behind Richard E. Meyer's Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning (XNUMX)?マ ル チ メ デ ィ アIt shows whether it supports learning by and how multimedia content should be designed to have an educational effect.

Attitude change: Elaboration likelihood model

  • The elaboration likelihood model shows the effect of persuasive communication in terms of changes in viewers' attitudes toward the subject being discussed.One of the key barriers to viewer attitude is "counter-arguing," a cognitive method that is incompatible with persuasive argument. 2002年に実施されたある調査では、視聴者がストーリーに没頭すればするほど、この自動的な「反論」が減少することが確認されたA XNUMX study found that the more the viewer was immersed in the story, the less this automatic "counter-argument" was.[6]..The authors of the survey report by blocking the counterargumentEdutainmentThe content of (see next section) tells humans who normally do not succumb to attempts to persuade共 感Concludes that it brings special possibilities to influence[7].University of MannheimProfessor Dr. Peter Vorderer of the Institute of Media and Communication said in a 2013 surveyExplanatory videoProved that "it has a significant effect on attitude. The effect is outstanding for a relatively short video of only 3 minutes."[8].

Social cognitive learning theory: self-efficacy

  • Albert BanduraAccording to social cognitive learning theory, object models act as a bridge between knowledge, values, cognitive abilities and new behaviors.[9].Albert BanduraIn his research on social learning, he found that humans learn not only real models but also symbolic virtual object models as clues.It gives humans the opportunity to prepare for situations that may actually be encountered in the course of the transformation process through the emergence of difficult patterns as patterns and their resolution.By seeing how the target model overcomes difficult situations and improves their own situation, viewers go beyond the strategy to do it themselves.Self-efficacyThat is, the conviction that you can successfully reach the desired result on your own is also conveyed.

Trends in commentary videos

  • インターネットWith the spread of digital devices and the evolution of digital devices,Explanatory videoObtaining information through this has become more and more popular in recent years.For example, weekly video usage in Germany in 2013 increased significantly from the previous year.Forty-three percent of online users (about 2,300 million) use video regularly online.これは43パーセントの増加に相当するThis corresponds to a 6 percent increase[10]..このため、ドイツにおける解説動画の利用とサービス提供者数も増加し、2012年から2014年までの間にほぼ倍増するに至ったAs a result, the use of commentary videos and the number of service providers in Germany have also increased, almost doubling between XNUMX and XNUMX.[11]..Thus, already in 2015,DAX index90% of constituent stocks, medium-cap stock indexMDAX index68% of the constituent stocks and 54% of the constituent stocks of the SDAX stock index, which is a small cap index, are in the company's public relations.Explanatory videoAre using[12].

Distinguishing from how-to videos

  • Explanatory videoMeets the needs and demands of the target group. The central element is emotionally appealing storytelling. In other words, the viewervideoBecause I sympathize with the main character of, I will be drawn in as it is [13].. How-to videos, on the other hand, are almost alwaysServices,Product, OrSHOPIt introduces how to use. These videos are said to create no emotional bond.

Fields used

  • Explanatory videoIs the most commonly used in traditional marketing communications. Visitors spend more time on sites where videos showcase products, services, and companies.Explanatory videoIs increasingly being used for conversion optimization.MarketingIt can also be effectively appealed to the target group as a video, product video or image film. Explainer videos are also used in internal public relations. this iscompliance,Corporate governance,AlsoChange managementThe same is true for important themes such as, as well as for traditional work guidance that is mandatory for any employer (eg occupational accident prevention, data protection or fire prevention). AlsoE-learningBut for the purpose of providing employees with knowledge in small piecesExplanatory videoIs used.

Related item

footnote

注 釈

  1. ^ Häusel, HG (2012). Neuromarketing: Erkenntnisse der Hirnforschung für Marken führung, Werbung und Verkauf. Freiburg: Haufe-Lexware, S. 54
  2. ^ Reiter, M .: Sag's einfach. In: Gehirn und Geist, Heft 1-2/2014, S. 62 --67
  3. ^ Mast, C .: Unternehmenskommunikation. 5. Auflage, Konstanz und München 2013, S. 55
  4. ^ Mast, C .: Unternehmenskommunikation. 5. Auflage, Konstanz und München 2013, S. 57
  5. ^ Institut für multisensorisches Marketing, abgerufen am 17. Februar 2014 (HTML, deutsch), Multisensorisches Marketing
  6. ^ Slater, MD, Rouner, D .: Entertainment education and elaboration likelihood: Understanding the processing of narrative persuasion. In: Communication Theory 12. Heft 2/2002, S. 173-191
  7. ^ Slater, MD, Rouner, D .: Entertainment education and elaboration likelihood: Understanding the processing of narrative persuasion. In: Communication Theory 12. Heft 2/2002, S. 175
  8. ^ Erklär video-Studie 2013, abgerufen am 28. Mai 2014 (HTML, deutsch)
  9. ^ Bandura, A: Social Cognitive Theory for Personal and Social Change by Enabling Media. In: Singhal, A., Cody, M., Rogers, EM, Sabido, M .: Entertainment-Education and social change. History, research and practice. Mahwah New Jersey London. 2004, S. 78
  10. ^ ARD-ZDF-Onlinestudie, abgerufen am 7. September 2013 (PDF, deutsch), ard-zdf-onlinestudie 2013
  11. ^ Verbraucherportal Erklär video, abgerufen am 10. März 2014 (HTML, deutsch)
  12. ^ Videoboost-Onlinestudie, abgerufen am 9. Februar 2015 (PDF, deutsch), Videoboost Erklär video Studie 2015
  13. ^ Lambert, J. (2012). Digital Storytelling: Capturing Lives, Creating Community. London: Routledge, S.78

Kanagawa

Kanagawa(Kanagawa Prefecture,British: Kanagawa Prefecture) IsJapan OfKanto regionに 位置 す るPrefecture.Prefectural office location The横 浜 市.

Capital AreaForm part ofPopulation by prefectureAre adjacentTokyoSecond place after[1],Daytime populationas well as the The population densityIs Tokyo,OsakaIt is the third place after.Prefecture gross productAlso in Tokyo,Aichi, Is the 4th place after Osaka prefecture[2].. Within the prefectureGovernment-designated cityIs the only 3 cities in Japan (横 浜 市-Kawasaki City-Sagamihara City)so,areaIs the 43rd largest[3][4].villageIt is,Kiyokawa VillageThere is only one village.

Overview

Kanagawa PrefectureKantoA prefecture located in the southwestern part of the regionSagami countryWhole area andMusashi countryPart of is applicable. The population is 9,216,009 (as of June 2020, 9)[5]Occupies about 6.9% of the total population, and the area is 2416.17.square kilometer (kilometer2) Occupies about 0.6% of the country[3].

Within the prefecture市町村The number is 33, of whichCityIs 19,townIs 13,villageIs 1 (Kiyokawa Village). Within the prefectureGovernment-designated city The横 浜 市-Kawasaki City-Sagamihara City3 cities,Core city TheYokosuka1 cities,Special city at the time of enforcement TheOdawara city-Yamato-Hiratsuka-Atsugi-ChigasakiThe five cities.

Eastern prefecture横 浜 市,Kawasaki CityIt is,Urbanization,IndustrializationIs progressing,Tokyo BayFacingKeihin Industrial AreaForm a corner. The western part of the prefecture is rich in greeneryTanzawa areaからAshigara Mountains,Mt. HakoneAre connected,Sakawa RiverFlowsAshigara PlainToOdawara Castle Ofcastle town-Odawara cityOpen. The central part of the prefectureSagamihara City,EbinaIn plain areas such asUrbanization-IndustrializationIs progressing,Sagami RiverFlowsHiratsukaからSagami BayPour into. The southeastern part of the prefecture is along the seaChigasaki,FujisawaOpen,Kamakura ShogunateWas placedKamakura cityFromMeijiSince thenYokosukaThere isMiura PeninsulaOverMiura HillsAre lined up.

The prefecture area is oldSagami countryThe center of Sagami Bay and the Sagami River basin flourished.Kawasaki CityAnd occupy most of Yokohama cityMusashi countryThe area of ​​the Kotokaido (Yakurazawa return) And small-scale agricultural and fishing villages were formed mainly along the coast of Tokyo Bay. SagamiKokufuLocation is not specified, Hiratsuka City,Oiso TownThere is a theory that it was placed in Ebina and Odawara.

Heian periodからSamuraiActivities became more active,Conqueror General-Yoritomo GengenByKamakuraToKamakura ShogunateWas placed.Kamakura PeriodIs the beginning (there are various opinions about the opening time). In KamakuraTsuruoka Hachimangu ShrineMany shrines and temples were built withKamakura GozanWas also maintained and functioned as a samurai city. Then custodyHojoThe Kamakura Shogunate operated byMasterThe scholarship cannot be given, and it causes a revolt nationwide. The shogunate itselfNitta YoshisadaDestroyed by the attack of Kamakura.Takashi AshikagabyMuromachi PeriodThe times change. In the Muromachi periodKamakura publicIs set up as the Shogunate of the East,administrationThe battle is constant and finallyKamakura public TheIbarakiFurukawaMoved toFurukawaNext, the end of Kamakura, the capital of the samurai, will be celebrated. At that time, the cityscape of Kamakura was destroyed, and the continuity of the city up to the present was lost.

Sengoku periodToHojo SounCut out Sagami and Izu, the first in JapanSengoku DaimyoBecomes Then continued for 5 generationsMr. GohojoOdawara, the base ofKantoI went to the conquest. At the timeOdawara CastleThe development below is in the westYamaguchiIn contrast to the eastOdawaraWas even told.Japan最初 のWater supplyWas also maintained in this era. HoweverHideyoshi HashibaHe was forced to surrender before his advance, and Hojo as a Sengoku Daimyo was cut off. When Hideyoshi conquered the whole country, Mr. Hojo's territory wasTokugawa IeyasuIeyasu moved from OdawaraEdoMoved to. afterwardsEdo PeriodToEdo ShogunateThe Tokaido was developed as a transportation route to Edo where the area was located, and the development of the coastal area of ​​Tokyo Bay has advanced. The prefecture area is under the direct control of the shogunate.Deputy officialDominated landFlag book-LordMany of the points were arranged. Headquartered in the prefecture since the middle of the Edo periodDamingArea (Clan) Is westernOdawara Domain(Odawara City) and two small clan (Ogino Yamanaka Domain(Nakaogino, Atsugi City), Musashi Kanazawa Domain (Mutsuura Domain, Kanazawa Ward, Yokohama City)), but on the other handEnclaveMany areas are placed (Karasuyama Domain(TochigiNasu Karasuyama),Sakura clan(Chiba佐 倉 市),Nishidaira Domain(Aichi岡 崎 市) Etc.), the rule within the prefecture was subdivided into mosaics.BakumatsuToYokohama portWas opened,Meiji EraUpon entering, it developed mainly in the coastal area of ​​Tokyo Bay.

Before and after the war,Keihin Industrial AreaWith the development of commerce and industry aroundTokyo extreme concentrationAccompanyBed townSince the population has increased due to the change to urbanization, the prefecture was designated by the Act on Special Measures for Promoting Independence of Depopulated Areas.Depopulated areaHas not existed for a long time. But,2017May 3WithAshigarashimoManazuru townWas designated as a depopulated area[6]. See below (#population) Like Yokosuka City or Odawara City,MiuraThere are some areas where the population is stagnant or decreasing, andAshigara upper areaEtcMountainous areaIt is no different from other prefectures in that it has such a problem.

Name

The prefecture name isTokaidoProsper to the muscles from ancient timesPost townKanagawa(Currently Yokohama CityKanagawa ku),andBakumatsuToTobe Town(Currently Yokohama CityNishi-wardMomijigaoka) Was placed inKanagawa magistrate's officeDerived from[7]. The origin of these "Kanagawa" isKeikyu Main LineKeikyu Higashi-Kanagawa StationLength 300 that was flowing nearbyMetersIt is a road now because of the name of Ogawa[8].

Geography/Region

Kanagawa PrefectureKanto regionLocated at the southwestern end of theKilometers (km), about 60 km north-south.The prefecture area is the whole of Sagami ProvinceMusashi countryKuraki-gun-Tachibanaju-Tsuzuki-gun(Current part of Kawasaki City and Yokohama City). To the west is the Tanzawa mountainsYamanashiIn the Hakone mountainsShizuokaContact with. EastTokyo BayFacing theTokyo Bay Aqua LineThroughChibaContact. South isSagami BayFacing the Miura PeninsulaThe Pacific OceanProject to. In Kawasaki City in the northeastTamagawaThe lower stream is the boundary with Tokyo, but belongs to Tokyo in the middle stream.Inagi-shi,Tama City,Machida-shiExtends south of the Tama River, and Machida City is southwest of it.SakaigawaOf the prefectureSagamihara City,YamatoIs in contact with.

Land use area (2003) Is森林・The wilderness accounts for 39.2%,Residential land26.5%, agricultural land 8.8%, road 7.9%, and water surface 3.8%.

The highest peak in the prefectureMount KasumigatakeAt (1,673 m)Sundong Maru(1,601 m),Mount OmuroFollowed by (1,588 m).The length of the riverSagami River(55.6 km) is the longest, Sakai River (52.1 km),Nakatsugawa(32.8 km) continues.The area of ​​the lake isLake Ashinoko(7.1 km2) Is the widestLake Miyagase (4.6 km2),Sagami Lake(3.3km2) Continues.

terrain

The prefecture area is largely divided into the eastern hilly region (east of Sakaigawa), the central lowland (Sakaigawa-Sagamigawa), and the western mountainous region (west of Sagamigawa) by the Sakaigawa and Sagamigawa that flow southward in the central part.coastalThe length of the line is about 430 km and it is very varied.

Eastern part: Tama Hills, Miura Peninsula

What characterizes the terrain in the eastern part of the prefecture sandwiched between the Tama River and the Sakai RiverTama HillsIt is a hilly terrain centered on. TokyoTama areaOf the Tama Hills that continue from the southwest, the ones that belong to the prefecture are the low-lying surfaces at an altitude of 70 to 90 m in the south.Separate the slope on the Tokyo Bay side and the slope on the Sagami Bay sideWatershedIs biased to the west, and on the Tokyo Bay side of the Tama River tributaryMisawa RiverAnd Gotanda River,Tsurumi RiverAnd its tributariesOnda River,furtherZushi River,Ooka RiverBy the Sagami Bay side slope,Kashio RiverAnd its tributariesErosionDispersed valleys (Tanito) are distributed.

Kawasaki CityTakatsu WardSouth to YokohamaKohoku ku-Tsurumi ku-Kanagawa kuThe hill to the top is about 40 to 60 m above sea level, which is one step lower than this hill surface.Diluvial plateauThen, from the place name in Tsurumi WardShimosueyoshi PlateauCalled. The same applies to hills such as Nogeyama, Kuboyama and Negishidai in central Yokohama.AccumulationIt is considered a face, and also on the opposite bank of the Tama RiverMusashino PlateauIt is also compared to Ebaradai and Yodohashidai in the southeastern part. The Tama River flows between the Musashino Plateau in the north and the Tama Hills and Shimosueyoshi Plateau in the south,Alluvial lowlandTo form. KawasakiKawasaki kuAnd TokyoOta-kuTo the south (Kamata/Rokugo/Haneda area)deltaHowever, the artificial topographical alteration is remarkable.

The main ridge of Tama Hills is the highest point in YokohamaEnkaizan(153 m) ・ Continue to Miura Peninsula via Omaruyama (156 m).Most of the Miura PeninsulaMiura HillsKamakura in a valley opened along a small river that is occupied byZushi, Yokosuka and other cities are distributed. However, due to the lack of flat land, in Yokosuka, urbanization progressed from an early stage to the top of the hill, and in other areas as well.High economic growthSince the latter half of the term, residential land development has been carried out through large-scale topographical changes. In the south of Yokosuka City, in the south of the valley of the Heisaku River, the Kinugasa Fault, the Kitatake Fault, and the Takeyama Fault extend west-northwest-southeast.Active faultAre in parallel. This active fault groupUraga SuidoSandwiched betweenBoso PeninsulaContinue to the south. South of the Takeyama Fault at the southern end of the peninsulaMiuraIt is roughly divided into three stagesCoastal terraceDevelops and a flat land spreads on the terrace. The end of the river valley that erodes the terraces in a dendritic manner submerged,Oil potIn the bayDrowning valleyAre distributed.

Central area: Sagami Plain

In the central part of the prefectureSagami RiverA stair-shaped flat land spread in the middle and lower reachesSagami PlainCall. In a broad sense, it may be part of the Kanto Plain, but it is separated by the Tama Hills and is considered to be an independent sedimentary basin due to its geological structure. The Sagami Plain formed by the sedimentation of the Sagami River is an old sedimentary surfaceSagamino PlateauIt is divided into the Sagamihara Plateau and the Sagamigawa Lowland, which is the current surface of deposition (the Sagamigawa Lowland is sometimes called the "Sagami Plain").

The Sagamino Plateau is a diluvial plateau that occupies most of the area between the left bank of the Sagami River and the Sakai River, and the stair-like topography that is noticeable along the Sagami River on the west side was formed after the last interglacial period.River terraceIs. In the northern part of Sagamihara city (former city area), it is divided into three large flat surfaces, but the Takaza plateau, which is located at the southwestern end of the plateau and has a different geological origin, and the sedimentary surface of an older age are slightly hills. In particular, there are more than a dozen steps of flat surfaces such as the remaining Zama Hills. On the other hand, there is a diluvial plateau called Nakatsu plateau on the right bank of the Sagami River.Aikawa TownIt extends from the eastern part to the northern part of Atsugi City, but its scale is smaller than that of the Sagamino Plateau.

The Sagami River changes the flow path to the south near Toma, Sagamihara City,Ebina・From both Atsugi to both sidesNatural embankmentBack swampDevelopedAlluvial lowlandTo form. This lowland runs out of the Tanzawa mountains in the westKinme RiverThe water system will form a wide plain in the central part of the prefecture together with the lowlands formed on the right bank of the Sagami River. It is an area that was developed early in Sagami,KokubunjiWas erected,Samukawa TownSagami countryIchinomiyaIsSamukawa ShrineIs sedentary. On the Sagami Bay from Hiratsuka to Fujisawa,Jomon KaishinMore than 10 rows of sand banks are distributed to reflect the receding coastline after the high tide.Shonan coastKnown as the sandy beach,Sakawa RiverIt is believed that the erosion is significant due to the unbalanced supply with the dam construction etc.

West: Tanzawa/Hakone Volcano

The mountains in the western part of the prefecture are located between eachHadano BasinAshigara PlainBy Tanzawa Mountains in the north, in the eastOiso Hills, Hakone Volcano in the western part and Ashigara Mountains.

The straight steep cliff that borders the Oiso hills on the northeastern edge of the Ashigara plain is due to a very active active fault called the Kofutsu-Matsuda fault zone.Yamakita town OfJinnawa faultExtended toKaminawa/Koufutsu-Matsuda Fault Zone TheEast JapanPutNorth American plateIzu PeninsulaPutPhilippine Sea PlateIs considered the boundary of. In the Tanzawa mountains, the Izu Peninsula that has moved from the south on the Philippine Sea PlateHonshuIt is a mountainous region that was formed by the collision with the hill, and the Oiso hill is a hill that was raised due to the accumulation of active activities in the Kannawa-Koufutsu-Matsuda fault zone. The Kannawa/Koufutsu-Matsuda fault zone is located at the bottom of Sagami Bay.Sagami TroughFollowed by1703(Genroku16 years)Genroku earthquake,1923(Taisho12 years)Kanto earthquake(Great Kanto Earthquake) Large asEarthquakeHas become the epicenter of.

Hakone volcanoIzu/Ogasawara arcBelongs to and doubleOuter ringHaving a largeCompound volcanoIs. Started activities about 65 years ago,Atami - Mishima - Gotenba -A huge volcano with the foot of Odawara was formed. Since the huge eruption about 25 years ago, Mt. Shiragin-Daikanzan- Mikuniyama - Mt. Kintokizan - Myojingatake - MyoseigatakeThe first to call the outer ring (old paddle mountain)calderaBy the time of the major eruption about 6 years ago, a new caldera was formed, with Mt. Byobushi as the outer paddle mountain on the east side (new paddle mountain). PresentCentral crater hillIsKamiyama,KomagatakeStarted about 3 years ago and grew over the old central crater cone that had been formed before that. From central crater hillPyroclastic flow,Mountain collapseDeposits were flowing around the north side(I.e.Damming theSengokuhara,Lake AshinokoWas formed. Even today at Hakone VolcanoOwakudani(Fumarolic area of Hakone volcano)Fumarolic activity was seen atHakone hot spring,Yugawara OnsenAnd many moreSpaAre distributed.

climate

Almost the whole landKöppen climate classificationaccording toWarm and humid climateHowever, the high altitude areas of the Tanzawa MountainsWest coast marine climateorSubarctic humid climateare categorized. Pacific climate(However, the old one in Sagamihara CitySagamiko Town・OldFujino Town・OldTsukui TownArea isCentral highland climateLocated in the Pacific Ocean side, it is warm and has a lot of rainfall. There are five temperature observation points in the prefecture, including the meteorological observatory, which is the lowest among all prefectures. The ordinance-designated city of Sagamihara is limited to rainfall observation at two points, and even in Kawasaki City, Amedus itself, including rainfall observation points, has not been installed.Japanese Meteorological Agency OfForecast warning regulationsThen.east(Representative location: Yokohama)Western part(Representative location: Odawara)Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euWill be announced. However, the boundary between “East” and “West” according to this classification is not the Sagami River, but the entire Sagamihara City including the old city area on the east bank of the Sagami River is in the “West”, and conversely, Hiratsuka City/Oiso located on the west side of the Sagami River. The town, Ninomiya, belongs to the "eastern part".2010May 5The regulations have been revised toWeather warning-WarningIs now announced in units of municipalities, but the former "secondary subdivisions" (the municipalities are referred to as "secondary subdivisions" after the revision), which was the previous announcement unit, remain unchanged.Area that gathered municipalitiesIt is used by the media as appropriate. The divisions within the prefecture including this are as follows.

  • east
    • Yokohama/Kawasaki-Yokohama, Kawasaki
    • Shonan-Kamakura, Fujisawa, Chigasaki, Yamato, Ebina, Zama, Ayase, Samukawa
    • Miura Peninsula-Yokosuka City, Zushi City, Miura City, Hayama Town
  • Western part
    • Sagamihara-Sagamihara
    • Central prefecture-Hadano, Atsugi, Isehara, Aikawa, Kiyokawa
    • Ashigara on-Minami Ashigara, Nakai, Oi, Matsuda, Yamakita, Kaisei
    • Seisho-Hiratsuka, Oiso, Ninomiya, Odawara, Hakone, Manazuru, Yugawara

Yokohama/Kawasaki, Shonan, Miura Peninsula, SaishoOceanic climate, Sagamihara, Keno, and AshigaraInland climateAlso has.

Local climate features

Normal values ​​in various parts of Kanagawa prefecture (statistical period: 1981-2010, source:Meteorological Agency / Meteorological Statistics Information
Average price
(Monthly)
Eastern/Coastal areaInland/Tama HillsWest/CoastWest/Mountain area
Yokohama(I.e.Fujisawa
Tsujido
EbinaSagamihara
Sagamihara Chuo 
OdawaraSagamihara
Sagami Lake
Lake TanzawaHakone
average
temperature
(° C)
Warmest month26.7
(May)
26.3
(May)
26.6
(May)
26.5
(May)
25.9
(May)
Coldest month5.9
(May)
6.4
(May)
6.1
(May)
4.6
(May)
5.3
(May)
Precipitation amount
(mm)
Most months233.8
(May)
195.5
(May)
191.3
(May)
243.6
(May)
270.2
(May)
246.6
(May)
271.1
(May)
313.9
(May)
451.4
(May)
Minimum month54.8
(May)
56.1
(May)
57.7
(May)
58.3
(May)
54.6
(May)
60.2
(May)
46.4
(May)
62.1
(May)
87.4
(May)
  • Keihin地区 -The coastal area from Kawasaki City to Yokosuka City corresponds to the Keihin area. The climate of this area is particularly strongly affected by Heat Island, because Yokohama has a weather station near the sea,Winter dayThere is almost no difference in the minimum temperature in winter, and even in the same city of Yokohama, there is a big difference from inland areas. Summers are hot and there are many tropical nights. In addition, because of the high temperature, there is less snowfall due to low pressure on the south coast than inland.
  • Shonan-Miura Peninsula - ShonanArea andMiura PeninsulaHas a temperate maritime climate and is unlikely to frost. The summer is not too hot, and the climate is mild and mild throughout the year. Miura City, the southernmost tip of the Miura Peninsula, has the lowest annual rainfall in the prefecture.
  • Tama Hills・Inland plain -It has almost the same climate as the Tama area of ​​Tokyo,Sagamihara City,AtsugiIn addition to YokohamaKawasaki CityInland areas are also applicable. Winters are cold and there are many winter days.EbinaThe average temperature in January is the lowest at the AMeDAS site in the prefecture, and the average minimum temperature is -1 degrees below freezing, sometimes dropping to 0.7 degrees below freezing.It often causes heavy snowfall due to the low pressure on the south coast, and even after the 5s, it has recorded snowfall of around 1980-30 cm.On the other hand, in the inland area, the Tanzawa Mountains hinder the inflow of the north wind, so it is harder to snow in the southwestern part, and it is less likely to snow in the center of Atsugi City and Isehara City.On the other hand, snow cover will increase in western Yokohama, where the influence on the right is small.Summer gets quite hot during the dayExtremely hot dayThere are also many. Despite being overpopulated, Ebina is the only Amedas temperature observation point in this region.
  • Seisho - Sagami RiverWest ofOdawara city,HadanoPlains such as in the winterSouth coast lowWhen passing through, since it often involves warm air, it often causes rain or sleet, and almost no snowfall occurs. However, since it gets cold on a clear morning, there are more winter days than in the Keihin coastal area. Also, summer is relatively easy to spend. Annual precipitation is also higher than in the east.
  • SagamiMountainous region -In the mountainous area adjacent to Yamanashi PrefectureSagamihara CityGreen DistrictoldSagamiko Town,Tsukui Town,Fujino TownAreaHakone townIt becomes inland climate and cold is severe. The summer is cool and a summer resort. In winterSouth coast lowByHakone,TanzawaBrings a considerable amount of snow in such mountain areas. Moreover, the annual rainfall in the western mountainous areas around Hakone Volcano becomes the highest rainfall area in the prefecture, and the annual rainfall tends to decrease toward the east.
Graph (monthly value)
  • Based on data from the Yokohama Local Meteorological Observatory
  • Yokohama/Tokyo 1971-2000, Odawara, Ebina 1979-2000 average

nature Park

National park
Fuji Hakone Izu National Park
National park
Tanzawa Mt. Ooyama National Monument
Prefectural nature park
Prefectural Tanzawa Mt. Ooyama Nature Park, Prefectural Jinma Sagami Lake Natural Park, Prefectural Manazuru Peninsula Natural Park, Prefectural Okuyugawara Natural Park

Region

Population: X NUM X people

There are the following 19 cities, 6 counties, 13 towns and 1 village.All town readings are "town" and villages are "mura".There are six regional divisions: Yokohama area, Kawasaki area, Yokosuka Miura area, prefecture central area, Shonan area, and prefecture west area.[9].

Yokohama area

Population in the area: 3,757,630

Kawasaki area

Population in the area: 1,539,522

Yokosuka Miura area

Population in the area: 693,553

Central prefecture area

Population in the area: 1,578,806

  • City
  • town
  • village
  • *Sagamihara City was previously included in the "prefecture central area", but on March 2006, 18Tsukui DistrictTsukui Town-Sagamiko TownWith the incorporation of, the prefecture integrated the agency (prefectural government synthesis center) that has jurisdiction over the area of ​​the former Tsukui-gun 4 towns that had been called the "Tsukui area".Prefectural north area prefectural government synthesis centerWas installed. Tsukui-gun, March 2007, 19Shiroyama Town-Fujino TownWith the incorporation of, the entire new Sagamihara city has become a “prefecture north area”.
    2008(20) On April 4st, the Prefectural Central Regional Prefectural Government Center and the Prefectural North Regional Prefectural Government Center were integrated.Prefectural center prefectural government synthesis center[10]Was installed. Along with this, Sagamihara City is once again included in the “prefectural central area”.
  • * Zama City (Zama Town at that time) was originally a part of Sagamihara City (Sagamihara Town at that time).
  • * Also called the north phase area.

Shonan area

Population in the area: 1,310,322

West area of ​​prefecture

Population in the area: 336,176

*Population is as of June 2020, 9

Wide skirt

According to the Geographical Survey Institute's nationwide prefectural areas, the area of ​​Kanagawa prefecture is 2416.17km.2Is[11].

The ends of north, south, east, and west of Kanagawa Prefecture are as follows:[12].. North endMt. Shoutousan, The southern endJogashimaAwasaki, the eastern endKawasaki Ukishima Junction, The west endMount Mikuni (Kanagawa prefecture, Yamanashi prefecture, Shizuoka prefecture)It is the Mikuni Pass in the north of. In addition, include the center of gravity[13]. AlsoStatistics BureauAccording to the 22 national census, the center of gravity of the population is in Zenbe Town, Asahi Ward, Yokohama City.[14].

Center of gravity
35°25′03′N 139°20′14′E

Northern end
35°40′22′N 139°08′01′E
Center of gravity
35°27′04.25′N 139°30′36.54′E
West end
35°24′17′N 138°54′57′E
Kanagawa Prefectural Government Office Location
35°26′52′N 139°38′33′E
Eastern end
35°31′07′N 139°47′46′E

Southern tip
35°07′44′N 139°37′44′E

History

Primitive period

PaleolithicThere are few archaeological sites and they have not been excavated.Jomon textMany archaeological sites can be seen throughout the prefecture, and as a typical archeological siteKatsusaka type earthenwareBecame the origin ofKatsusaka Ruins(country'sHistoric site), and a huge ruin of the largest village in Japan was excavated.Okada ruins, The oldest in JapanShell moundIsNatsushima shell mound(National historic site) etc.Yayoi period ruins Otsuka ruins were built on a hillYayoi PeriodIt is a moated settlement in the middle period.At Saikachido Ruins, from the area close to the moated settlement of Otsuka Ruins and the earthworks that spread around itSquare gutter tombThe group [1] was discovered, and it was confirmed that it was of the same age.Ring moatIt became clear that it was a graveyard for the people who lived in (Otsuka Ruins)Yayoi PeriodIt is an extremely rare example that a large moated settlement in Japan was completely excavated.As a result of clarifying the overall picture of both ruins, the remaining part is considered to be a valuable ruin where the living area and the grave area can be grasped integrally.1986(Showa 61)Historic siteSpecified in.

Ancient times

5st centuryIn the first half,Yamato kingshipSubordinate to.Sagami RiverIn the basinKouzo Aibu,Sakawa RiverIn the basinKokuzo, Kamakura Betsu was appointed near Kamakura and Miura.Emperor AnkanNew Year (534?) to Tachibana-gun and Kuraki-gunTonkuraIs provided.

From ancient times to the Middle Ages, the wealthy among the inhabitants became even richer by expanding the cultivated land and transporting tribute goods, and accumulated self-defense force to protect it. There are a number of indigenous officers dispatched from the center to Sagami and Musashi.

Kanagawa prefecture area is Sagamihachi county[Annotation 3]And Musashikuni Sangun[Annotation 4]Consists of. The government agency (Country) Was called Kokufu. The Kokufu of Sagami country was first placed in Ebina and later moved. Although the location of the relocation destination is not clear,Japanese name Juju"according toOzumi-gun[15], "Irohajisho"Yuya District[Annotation 5]It is said that there was The capital of Musashi is Fuchu, Tokyo.Ookutama ShrineIt is said to be in the vicinity. From the shrine grounds, building traces and floor tiles, which are considered to be the national government's Wakiden, have been unearthed.Emperor ShomuByBalance13 years(741) Was issued to all over the countryKokubunji(Monks and Nunnery) was built.Musashi KokubunjiIs located in Kokubunji City, Tokyo, and the monastery is a Todaiji style cathedral arrangement in which the Nakamon, Kondo and Auditorium are aligned. The temple area is 3-4 towns and squares (about 15ha), belongs to the largest in the country.Sagami Kokubunji TempleIs located in Kokubun, Ebina City. The monastery has a corridor of 160m east-west and 120m north-south, and is a Horyu-ji style cathedral with a main hall, a tower and an auditorium in the east and west.Hakuho styleTherefore, it is considered that the Gunji Uji Temple was renovated. The nunnery is lined with the Nakamon, Kondo, and Auditorium, and there are sutras and a bell tower on both sides of the auditorium.[16].

Enki ceremony internal companyasAshkami-gunToSanda ShrineIn Yuya DistrictKawago Shrine, In Ozumi-gunMaedori Shrine, Takamuro Shrine,Koza-gunToSamukawa Shrine(Meishin Taisha) and others are enshrined.

中 世

First time in Kamakura in the Middle AgesShogunateOpened and became the center of samurai politics (Kamakura Period).
Muromachi PeriodIn the Muromachi Shogunate,Kanpachi)as well asWorth,IzuXNUMX countries (initiallyMutsuDewaIt was XNUMX countries includingOshu searchTo control the authority)Kamakura PrefectureIs placed. Substantial political affairs is the head of Kamakura PrefectureKamakura publicNot the assistantKanto areaIt was under the direct control of the Kanto region.

Sengoku periodToOdawara CastleBased inSengoku DaimyoHojoDestroyed the former ruling power and solidified its position as the champion of Kanto. Under the superior rule of Mr. Gohojo,OdawaraHas grown into the largest city in the Kanto region (castle town). Trade independently with Japan and make it to the castleTojin TownHolding a third generationHojoIs the first water supply in JapanOdawara Hayakawa WaterWas built, and it was one of the most developed cities in Japan as it was called "West Yamaguchi, East Odawara."

The early modern period

Edo PeriodToOdawara DomainThere was, but there are many Hatamoto territories,Miura Anjin(William Adams)ButTokugawa IeyasuからMiura PeninsulaIt is famous that he worshiped the territory.Since the middle of the Edo period, the Odawara domain and other branches of the domain have been based in the current prefecture.Ogino Yamanaka DomainAnd Musashi Kanazawa Domain (Mutsuura Domain), and a clan based outside the prefecture (Karasuyama Domain,Sakura clan,Nishidaira DomainA lot of enclaves were placed. The Odawara DomainSagami RiverAlthough it possessed a certain amount of territory to the west (it did not cover the entire area), the control of all of the shogunate territory, Hagimoto territory, and Daimyo territory was subdivided in the east of the Sagami River.RemunerationThere are so many villages that it is said that there is no single-yen control that fosters regional cohesion within the current prefecture.

In the early Edo period, Tokugawa Ieyasu liked falconry, and the Kosugi Goten (currentlyKawasaki CityNakahara), Kanagawa Goten (横 浜 市), Fujisawa Goten (CurrentFujisawa),Nakahara palace(CurrentHiratsuka) And other general residences were set up. The use of these palace is the third generalTokugawa IemitsuIt was carried out until the generation ofTokugawa YoshimuneIt was revived in the generation.

19st centuryFrom the beginning of the foreign ship (so-called "Black ship]) began to appear in the waters around Japan, and has sought to open Japan. In some countries, there was a force to force “opening and opening of ports”. The security of the coastal area became a political issue, and the Aizu clan in Kanagawa Prefectureculture7 years(1810) Started construction of Daiba and Jinya in Kannonzaki, Nishiuraga and Misaki. Aizu clan officers were stationed in these camps and conducted military training. In an emergency, a system was established to levy fishing and luggage vessels from coastal villages. After that, the arrival of the black ship did not stop,BunseiNew Year (1818) In May, a British ship1822) Is a British whaling ship off Susaki (Chiba),Tempo8 years(1837In June, the American merchant ship Morrison arrived off Uraga. Security was strengthened by the arrival of these black ships one after another, and it was decided to widely mobilize the people of the coastal villages in an emergency, and the name owner and village officials would share the security officers. The area became to be at the forefront of defense.Hiroka3 years(1846) In May, when the US Bittle fleet arrived in Edo Bay, a total of more than 5 ships and more than 3000 agricultural and fishermen were mobilized and mobilized for defense.[17].

Bakumatsu

Edo Shogunate TheAnsei5 years(1858)ofUS-Japan Amity and Trade Treaty,Japan-UK Amity Trade Treaty(Ansei Five-Country Treaty), we decided to open "Kanagawa" in the port, but due to foreigners' occupancy in a busy placeArrogantConcerned about troubles such as turmoil, the opening of the port was opened in Yokohama Village (near the current Kanagawa Prefectural Office) on the opposite bank, which is easy to control access to and away from the road. This was a treaty violation, but the Shogunate urged Yokohama to be included in Kanagawa.[18].. Initially, the Western powers claimed to have violated the treaty, but the diplomatic debate will soon end. This is because Kanagawa-juku has declined as Yokohama's harbor facilities and other facilities have improved, and Yokohama has begun to develop.

Ansei 6 years (1859), Yokohama and the neighboring areas (Kanagawa-juku,Hodogaya-juku,Honmoku, Negishi, etc.)Kanagawa magistrateThe Kanagawa magistrate's office is located in Kurashiki-gun, Musashikuni.Tobe Village(Yomigaoka, Nishi-ku, Yokohama,Kanagawa Prefectural Library(Near),KannaiThe current Kanagawa Prefectural Office is located (Nippon Odori, Naka-ku, Yokohama) at the Kanagawa Transport Office (YokohamaCustomsThe predecessor) was placed. The Kanagawa magistrate was in charge of the administration of the area around Yokohama, as well as the administration of the walking area for foreign residents, which was designated as "from Yokohama to Shirikata" in the treaty.

Modern and contemporary

Keio4 years(MeijiFirst year)May 3(1868May 4), the Tobe Office (internal affairs) and Kanagawa Transport Office (foreign affairs) of the Kanagawa Magistrate's Office have been requisitioned by the new government army.Yokohama CourtNext[19], Then the same yearMay 4(May 5) Was renamed Yokohama CourtKanagawa CourtAnd underneathTobe Court(Internal Affairs),Yokohama Court(Foreign Affairs) was set up[20].. In addition, the same yearMay 6(May 8)Kanagawa PrefectureNext[21],same yearMay 9(May 11)KanagawaWas renamed to[22].. Munenori Terashima was appointed to the prefectural office of Kanagawa prefecture. In a half year, the mechanism was changed and renamed four times. In addition, in the history of Kanagawa Prefecture, the March 4th of Keio (April 4th 3), when the Yokohama Court was established, is designated as the "Meeting Day of the Standing Office".[23].

At the time of establishment, Kanagawa Prefecture will take over the affairs of the former Kanagawa Magistrate's Office and Kanagawa Court, and will be in charge of the administration of the former Shogunate territory and Flag Honjo territory between "Rokugo River (Tama River) and Sakawa River, from Yokohama to Juri Shikata". Was done. The area at the time of launch was MusashikuniTachibanaju133 villages,Tsuzuki-gun77 villages,Kuraki-gunOut of 50 villages,Tama-gun(See the Tama counties after division for details to determine the complexity),Sagami countryKamakura District77 villages,Miura-gun89 villages,Koza-gunOut of 103 villages,Ozumi-gunOut of 104 villages (Odawara Domain20 villages,Mutsuura Domain(Including territory 1 village),Aiko-gun12 villages (including 3 villages of the Odawara domain),Tsukui DistrictOf these, 30 were villages (including 15 villages of the Odawara domain). However,Fujisawa InnPartial affairs of Tokaidosuji in the west and villages west of the Sagami RiverNirayamaIs in charge of,Ogino Yamanaka DomainIn connection with the coordination with the jurisdiction of the Mutsuura Domain (Kanazawa Domain in Bushu), the actual control relationship is intricate.

2th year of Meiji (1869), in the Kanagawa area, the Odawara clan, Ogino Yamanaka clan, and Mutsura clanRedemptionIn June (July) of the same year, each lordWisdomWas appointed to the central government.Meiji4May 7(1871May 8)ofAbandoned DomainAfter the same yearMay 11(May 12) Kanto prefectures have been merged and reorganized, and the jurisdiction of Kanagawa prefecture is MusashiKuraki-gun-Tachibanaju-Tsuzuki-gunandSagami countryOut ofMiura-gun-Kamakura DistrictWas taken[24].. In addition, of Sagami countries, west of SakaigawaKoza-gun-Ozumi-gun-Taaya-gun-Aiko-gun-Tsukui District-Ashigarakami District-AshigarashimoThe area ofIzukuniSet up the prefectural office in Odawara with the whole areaAshigaraWas to belong to. On the other hand, Kanagawa PrefectureKoza-gunAlso, since Tama-gun, Musashi-kuni is included in the area for foreigners to walk, it submitted a petition to the government that it should be under the jurisdiction of Kanagawa prefecture as before.Tokyoas well as the IrumaThe whole area of ​​Tama-gun divided intoAshigaraCame to belong toKoza-gunAnd againKanagawaI belonged to. As a result,Tama areaBecame the jurisdiction of Kanagawa Prefecture, and the Sagami RiverAshigaraIt became a prefectural border with. In addition, Nakano Village and 31 other villages (laterHigashitama District.. The current Nakano Ward and Suginami Ward are the following Meiji 5May 8(1872May 9) Has been transferred to Tokyo again[25].1876(9th year of Meiji)May 4ToAshigaraWas abolished, the former Sagami country area of ​​the prefecture was in Kanagawa prefecture, and the former Izu country area wasShizuokaWas incorporated into[26].. At this point, the original shape of the current Kanagawa prefecture was completed. However, the reorganization of the administrative area from above ignores the living feelings of local residents,Ashigara10 years have passed since the abolition of1886(19th year of Meiji), praying for revival[27].

1878(11th year of Meiji),County, town and village organization lawBy the prefectureYokohama WardandKuraki-gun-Tachibanaju-Tsuzuki-gun-Nishitama County-Minamitama County-Kitama-gun-Miura-gun-Kamakura District-Koza-gun-Ozumi-gun-Taaya-gun-Ashigarakami District-Ashigarashimo-Aiko-gun-Tsukui District15 counties were organized (the former Tama county area retransferred to Tokyo PrefectureHigashitama DistrictBecame)[28].. afterwards1893(26th year of Meiji)May 4, Nishitama, Minamitama, and Kitatama were re-transferred to Tokyo.[29], The current prefecture area is confirmed. afterwards1896(29th year of Meiji)May 3,County systemWhen enforcement ofOzumi-gunTaaya-gunHas been integratedNaka-gunBecomes

Centering on Yokohama, which is an open port city of Tokyo in modern timesKeihin Industrial AreaWas formed, and commerce and industry developed.

1923(Taisho11 years)May 9 OfGreat Kanto Earthquake(Kanto Earthquake)OdawaraMiura PeninsulaIt suffered a great deal of damage because the epicenter was directly below. Also, a large-scaleCity planningAt that timeMilitary capitalMetSagamihara CityThe remnants remain on the roads of the grid even today.

Second World WarThen,1944(Showa19 years onwards,横 浜 市And other coastal cities were hit by air raids and gunfire.

Located in Yokosuka City, which controls the entrance to Tokyo BayYokosuka PortFrom before the warJapanese NavyIt is one of the largest military ports, even after the warJMSDFSelf-defense fleetCommandUS Navy7th fleetThere is a command center. Also,Sagamihara City-ZamaSpread toCamp Zama,Ayase-YamatoStraddleAtsugi Navy Airfield,Sagamihara City OfSagami General Supply Depot,US Army Sagamihara HousingCurrently in Kanagawa PrefectureOkinawaThere are many US military-related facilities next to. These facilities are2001(Heisei13 years)American terrorist attacksAs a result, each facility has been given a high degree of caution, and the security level has not decreased since then.

population

The Municipal Administration Division has announced it as of March 3 of each year (January 31 from 26)Basic Resident RegisterThe figures in the population are shown in the table below. (Unit/Person) Before 15[1]See.

年度populationYear-on-year
Heisei 168,600,10953,252
Heisei 178,644,03143,922
Heisei 188,693,37349,342
Heisei 198,741,02547,652
Heisei 208,798,28957,267
Heisei 218,848,32950,040
Heisei 228,885,45837,129
Heisei 238,906,59021,132
Heisei 248,917,36810,778
Heisei 268,940,00111,415
Heisei 278,950,66010,659
Heisei 288,961,72411,064
Heisei 298,969,5307,806
Heisei 308,972,7703,420
Heisei 318,976,9544,184

The population is193914 million people (Showa 200),1956Since the number of people exceeded 31 million in (Showa 300), it has increased by 7 million almost every 100 years.2012(24)May 6Currently, it is the second largest in all prefectures with 907 people (population density is Tokyo,Osaka3rd place after). Also,2010から2015Population growth rate in Tokyo,Okinawa,埼 玉It is the third place after.

Total fertility rateIs less than 1.28 and 1.37 in the whole country (2009), the total population is still increasing, especially in Yokohama, Kawasaki, and Sagamihara.Return to the city centerAs a result, there are many transfers from municipalities in the prefecture.On the other hand, the number of municipalities located at the outermost edge of the Tokyo commuting zone, such as Yokosuka, Miura, and Odawara, is decreasing.For this reason, the population is becoming more concentrated in urban areas, and as of 2012, about 24% of Kanagawa citizens are Yokohama citizens, about 41% are Kawasaki citizens, and about 16% are Sagamihara citizens.That is, about two-thirds of the prefecture's population横 浜 市,Kawasaki City,Sagamihara CityYou will be concentrating on.Yokohama and Kawasaki have a population of over 100 million, and Kanagawa is the only prefecture in Japan that has two cities with 100 million.[Annotation 6]..On the other hand, for example, in Miura City, the population has fallen below 5, and the population has been declining significantly, such as the introduction of the Miura City Settlement Promotion System, which grants a subsidy of 10 yen to the settlers of detached houses. ..

Demography14000.svg
Population distribution by age in Kanagawa and Japan (2005)Kanagawa Prefecture Age and Gender Population Distribution (2005)
Purple-Kanagawa
Green-All over Japan
Blue-male
Red-female

Changes in the population of Kanagawa prefecture
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

Politics

Prefectural government

History of the prefecture

  • Keio 4th year/Meiji XNUMXst yearMay 3(1868(April 4): Kanagawa magistrate's office is under the jurisdiction of the Meiji government and renamed Yokohama Court.
  • same yearMay 4(May 5 of the same year): The Yokohama Court is renamed to Kanagawa Court.
  • same yearMay 6(August 8th of the same year): The name of the Kanagawa Court is changed to Kanagawa Prefecture.
  • same yearMay 9(November 11th): Kanagawa PrefectureKanagawaRenamed to.
  • Meiji 4 YearMay 7(August 1871, 8):Abandoned DomainByMutsuura DomainTheMutsuura,Ogino Yamanaka DomainTheOgino Yamanaka Prefecture,Odawara DomainTheOdawaraRenamed to.
  • same year9: Abolished Rokuura prefecture and integrated it into Kanagawa prefecture.
  • Same month: Ogino Yamanaka Prefecture,NirayamaThe entire area of ​​Ogino Yamanaka prefecture and the former Nirayama prefectureSagami country-IzukuniArea belonging to is integrated into Odawara prefecture.
  • same yearMay 11(December 12 of the same year): Odawara PrefectureAshigaraRenamed to.TokyoandIrumaTransferred from Tama-gun.
  • 1876(9th year of Meiji)May 4: Abolish Ashigara Prefecture and integrate the area that belongs to the former Sagami country of Ashigara Prefecture to Kanagawa Prefecture.
  • 1893(26) April 4: Tama 1 counties (Kitama-gun,Minamitama County,Nishitama County) Is retransferred to Tokyo.

Successive governors

Prefectural assembly

Chair/Vice Chair

Chairman and Vice Chairman as of September 2018, 9[30]

  • Chair: Hideaki Kiryu (LDP, Konan Ward, Yokohama City)
  • Vice-chairman: Takeo Saito (Kanagawa Democratic Party for the People, Independent Club, Fujisawa City)
Parliamentary group

As of September 2018, 30

  • 103 members (constant 105)
  • 14 groups
Parliamentary nameDesignationAbbreviationNumber of members
LDPKanagawa Prefectural AssemblyLDPLDP48
Constitutional Democratic Party・Citizenship Club Kanagawa Prefectural AssemblyConstitutional Democratic Party / Civil Rights ClubRitsumin17
KomeitoKanagawa Prefectural AssemblyKomeitoFairness10
KanagawaNational Democratic Party・Independent club Kanagawa Prefectural AssemblyKanagawa National Democratic Party/Independent Club民主8
Prefectural Government Kanagawa Prefectural AssemblyPrefectural governmentPrefectural government6
Japan Communist PartyKanagawa Prefectural AssemblyJapan Communist PartyCommunist6
My townMy townWa town1
Kanagawa network movementKanagawa netGod1
Kanagawa bond societyKanagawa bond societyKizuna1
Aiko ClubAiko ClubLove1
OshikaiOshikaiAmbition1
Democratic Mirai KanagawaDemocratic Mirai KanagawaPeople1
Yokohama GreeneryYokohama GreeneryGreen party1
Kawasaki Prefectural ClubKawasaki Prefectural ClubRiver Ku1
Total number of members (14 groups)103
constant
Election constant

Total 49 constituencies Constant 105 (2018(30)May 9Current)[31]. In addition, the ``Ordinance on the number of members of the Kanagawa prefectural assembly, the constituencies and the number of members who should be elected in each constituency'', which stipulates partial changes and some joint wards, has already been established, 2019 Will be enforced from the general election for which the date will be announced for the first time after March 3, 1[32]. The following is current, ie before the amendments mentioned above are reflected.

Constituencyconstant
横 浜 市Tsurumi ku3
Kanagawa ku3
Nishi-ward1
Naka-ku2
South ward2
Konan-ku3
Hodogaya Ward2
Asahi ku3
Isogo-ku2
Kanazawa ku2
Constituencyconstant
横 浜 市Kohoku ku4
Green District2
Aoba-ku3
Tsuji2
Totsuka ku3
Sakae1
Izumi ku2
Seya-ku1
Kawasaki CityKawasaki ku2
Koku-ku2
Constituencyconstant
Kawasaki CityNakahara3
Takatsu Ward2
Miyamae-ku3
Tama-ku2
Aso2
Sagamihara CityGreen District2
Chuo-ku3
South ward3
Yokosuka5
Hiratsuka3
Constituencyconstant
Kamakura city2
Fujisawa5
Odawara city2
Chigasaki3
Zushi City/Hayama Town1
Miura1
Hadano2
Atsugi3
Yamato3
Isehara1
Constituencyconstant
Ebina1
Zama1
Minamiashigara city1
Ayase1
Samukawa Town1
Oiso Town/Ninomiya Town1
On Ashigara1
Ashigara1
Aikawa Town/Kiyokawa Village1

finance

Heisei 20 year
  • Budget general account amount ¥1 billion
  • Number of staff 77105
    • Breakdown 51443 education staff, 17050 public security staff (police), 8612 general staff
    • Total personnel expenses ¥7877 million
    • Personnel expense ratio to general account 46.8%
Heisei 19 year
  • Financial capability index 0.92
    • Group I (Financial Power Index 0.5 or more, less than 1.0) 17th out of 1 municipalities
  • General account expenditure 1 billion yen
  • Proportion of independent financial resources 81.3%
  • General revenue ratio 79.2%
Heisei 18 year
  • Fiscal strength index 0.86
    • Group I (Financial Power Index 0.5 or more, less than 1.0) 16th out of 2 municipalities
  • General account expenditure 1 billion yen
  • Proportion of independent financial resources 69.2%
  • General revenue ratio 79.3%
Heisei 17 year
  • Fiscal strength index 0.82
    • Group I (Financial Power Index 0.5 or more, less than 1.0) 10th out of 2 municipalities
Heisei 16 year
  • Fiscal strength index 0.81
    • Group I (Financial Power Index 0.5 or more, less than 1.0) 8th out of 2 municipalities

Kanagawa Internet Broadcasting Station

"Kanagawa Internet Broadcasting Station" is an Internet TV broadcast operated by Kanagawa Prefecture. Governor regular press conferences, prefectural government video clips, channels for spot commercials, etc. have been prepared for public relations of prefectural government.[Annotation 7].

National politics

House of Representatives
Kanagawa PrefectureProportional section OfSouth Kanto blockBelongs to (constant 22),Small districtThere are 18 wards (18 constants) in the prefecture.
House of Councilors
House of Councilors ordinary election OfKanagawa Prefecture Election DistrictIs a constant 8 (number of elections 4)[33].

Economic and industrial

The total product of the prefecture in 20 is 2008 billion yen. When converted into dollars, it is equivalent to around 30 billion dollars,G20Of participating countriesRepublic of South Africa,アルゼンチン OfGDP (GDP). Prefectural income per capita is 319.9 million yen[34]. The number of workers by industry isPrimary industry4 people,Secondary industry117 people,Tertiary industryIs 295.Average annual income by academic distinctionHighestRegion TheKawasaki City Miyamaedaira Elementary SchoolIt is 1044 million yen in the school district.

industry

Commerce and industry

The number of establishments (including industry) in the prefecture is 309,441 establishments with a nationwide share of 4.9%, and the number of employees (including manufacturing industry) is 337 with a national share of 4,752% (2001(13)). Both are in Tokyo,Osaka,AichiIt is the 4th place in the country after. 40.5% of establishments are wholesale/retail, restaurants, 29.1%Service industryFollows. In addition, 31.7% of employees are in the service industry, followed by wholesale/retail and restaurants at 29.5%.

The chemical industry ranks No. 1 ahead of Tokyo, Osaka and Aichi.

The prefecture has 10,966 business establishments and 421,464 employees. In particular, the coastal areas of Yokohama City and Kawasaki City facing Tokyo Bay are prosperous as the Keihin Industrial Zone. The amount of manufactured goods shipped is 18 billion yen, which is the second largest in Japan after Aichi Prefecture.

The number of business establishments involved in commerce in the prefecture is 74,540 establishments (14,764 establishments for wholesale trade, 59,776 establishments for retail trade), and the number of employees is 621,811. The nationwide share of the number of business establishments is 4.62%, which is the fourth largest in Japan after Tokyo, Osaka and Aichi prefectures.

Yokohama port,Kawasaki Port,Yokosuka PortThe total trade value of these three ports is 3 billion yen for exports and 8 billion yen for imports, accounting for 3,112% and 4% of the national total, respectively. In terms of nationwide port trade value, Yokohama PortNarita Airport,Nagoya Port,Tokyo PortIt is the 4th largest in Japan (after 13), Kawasaki Port is 11th, and Yokosuka Port is 29th. More than 7% of exports are machinery and transportation equipment. Mineral fuels account for 3% of imports, followed by foodstuffs such as machinery and transportation equipment at about 15%, respectively.

Within the prefecture, urban areas such as Yokohama and Kawasaki,Enoshima,KamakuraShonan area, such as Miura Peninsula beach, Tanzawa/Mt. Ooyama, Sagami Lake and other outdoor fields,Hakone,Yugawara townThere are many leisure facilities and tourist attractions such as hot springs. The number of tourists in the prefecture is 1 million (7,118, the highest ever). Of these, 6,000 million are day-trip tourists. By region, the Yokohama-Kawasaki area has the largest number of day-trip tourists at 2008, and the Hakone-Yugawara area has the largest number of overnight guests at 1.

Agriculture, forestry and fisheries

The number of farmers in the prefecture is 29,681 (17), which is 1% of the total number of households in the prefecture. Management cultivated land area is 16,978haOf these, 76.7% are fields and orchards (fields 53.6%, trees 23.1%). The planted area per unit is smaller than the national average, but land productivity is very high. Utilizing the advantage of the land close to the large consumption area,cabbage-RadishSuch asVegetables,milk,豚 肉,flowersProduction is thriving. Fruit treePearandOrangeThere is a lot of production. In the western and central mountainous regionsteaIs produced and sold under the unified brand of "Ashigara tea". Also,Harumi (rice)Is 28Japan Grain Inspection AssociationSince it has been certified as Special A in the taste ranking that is certified by, there is also a movement to promote branding. Agricultural output is 761 billion yen, and by municipality, Miura City (1 billion yen) ranked first, Yokohama City (111 billion yen) second, and Hiratsuka City (2 billion yen) third.
In addition,WineAnnual production of 34,676 kiloliters (22[35]), wine production is statistically the highest in Japan. This is a major sake brewing company in FujisawaMercianBecause there is a wine factory in.

The production of fisheries and aquaculture is 57,641t, of which 95.1% are sea surface fisheries. Held mainly in 25 fishing ports scattered on the Miura Peninsula,TunaLonglineThe offshore fishery by the sea and the coastal fishery by the large set net are popular. Especially designated as a specified third-class fishing portMisaki fishing portIs a base for tuna pelagic fisheries, and as of 2005, the landing amount was the second largest in Japan. In Sagami Bay, a unique fish food culture was born,Ositsuke,SUMIYAKI,Nagasaki MiyakiEtc. are considered valuable.

The forest area is 4 ha, which is about 95,278% of the prefecture's land (9% of which is private forest, 1% is national forest). Although the number of forest homes is increasing, the afforestation area has remained below 20 ha due to the decline in timber prices and refraining from logging. Looking at forest houses over 1 ha in the prefecture, forest houses of 1 to 3 ha account for 67.5% of the total, and the ownership scale is extremely small.

Major companies headquartered in the prefecture

横 浜 市
(Tsurumi Ward)
(Kanagawa Ward)
(Nishi-ward)
(Naka-ku)
(Konan Ward)
(Hodogaya Ward)
(Asahi Ward)
(Isogo Ward)
(Kanazawa Ward)
(Kohoku Ward)
(Aoba Ward)
(Tsuzuki Ward)
(Totsuka Ward)
(Sakae Ward)

Life and transportation

Policemen

Transportation

空港

There is no private airport in the prefecture. The nearest airport isTokyo International Airport-Narita International Airport(International flights). In addition, in the prefectures facing the Pacific Ocean in Japan, there are no private airports in Kanagawa prefecture.MieOnly.

Railway line

1991(3), the third in Japan,East JapanThe first electrification of all railway lines in the area was carried out (excluding freight lines). As in Osaka, Shiga and Kagawa prefectures,JRAll routes are main linesLocal transportation lineDoes not exist,Kanto regionThen onlyJR Tokai OfConventional lineIs on board. In addition, all major private railway and subway vehicles in the metropolitan area can be seen in the prefecture, including mutual access.[36].  

Planned route

Transit Bus

道路

highway
General national road
Prefectural road
List of prefectural roads in Kanagawa PrefecturePlease refer to.

Ship

Long time agoMarine express(Kawasaki Port-Nachi Katsuura Port-Miyazaki Port・Hyuga Port),Shuttle highway line(Kurihama Port-Oita Port) Was open.

Medical and welfare

Disaster base hospital
Nursery

Education

Vocational school
Special school
high school
Junior high school
primary school
Kindergarten

Mass media

Newspaper company

OtherNational newspaperChunichi Shimbun(Tokyo NewspaperThe general bureau/branch office/communication department is also located in the prefecture.

Broadcaster

TV station

Other,Wide area broadcasting OfNHK Broadcast Center(General TV-Education tv)WhenKey station in Tokyo5 stations (Nippon TV-TV Asahi-TBS-Television Tokyo Channel 12, Ltd.-Fuji Television Network, Inc)ofBroadcast target areaIt has become. The above-mentioned stations have relay stations throughout the prefecture.

Radio stations

R/F Radio Japan's head office and concert hall are located in Yokohama, but most of the live programs are at the Tokyo branch (TokyoMinato-ku) Is produced and broadcast. Other AM3 stations in Tokyo (TBS Radio-Nippon Cultural Broadcasting, Inc.-Nippon Broadcasting System, Inc.) Has been the target area for broadcasting. Also for foreign language broadcastingInterFMThe target areas for broadcasting are Yokohama and Kawasaki[37].. In addition,TOKYO FM[38]-J-WAVE[39]Also in Yokohama and KawasakiBroadcast areaIt has become.

Community broadcasting station
Cable tv station

Cable TV station in Kanagawa Prefecture(reference)

Culture/Sport

dialect

Food culture:

local cuisine
Ekiben

Traditional crafts

Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
Traditional crafts

Music

Folk song
Local song

Sports

サ ッ カ ー

* OthersKanagawa Prefecture Soccer League,Kanto Soccer LeagueThere is also a team from Kanagawa prefecture.

baseball
volleyball - V League
basketball
rugby
American Football - X League
soft ball
Ice hockey - Asian League
Athletics
Table tennis
boxing
wrestling


A sports club with a farm base in the prefecture (excluding the above)

Tourism

The number of tourists in Kanagawa prefecture is1 million(Total number, 2008 (Heisei 20)[41]By region, the areas of Yokohama and Kawasaki are the most, and the areas of lodging are the largest of Hakone and Yugawara. Also,Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismAccording to a survey, the total number of overnight guests in Kanagawa prefecture is approximately 1000 million (2007 (19)).[42]), and in all 47 prefecturesOkinawaIn 7th place,Nagano,AichiLined up. Meanwhile, the number of foreign tourists reached 2019 million in 250, and the total number of overnight guests was 294 million.[43].

Tangible cultural property building

Foreign relations

Kanagawa Prefecture has friendly exchange relationships with the following domestic and overseas regions.

Country/NameYears
United States flag America-Maryland1981
Flag of the People's Republic of China Chugoku-Liaoning1983
German flag Germany-Baden-Württemberg1989
Republic of Korea flag South Korea-Gyeonggi-do1990
Ukrainian flag ウクライナ-Odessa1986
Malaya flag Malaysia-Penang1991
Swedish flag スウェーデン-Vestra Jotaland1998
Australian flag Australia-Gold Coast City1990
Japanese flag Japan·Toyama2008
Japanese flag Japan·Kagoshima2013

Works set in Kanagawa Prefecture

People from Kanagawa Prefecture

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Adjacent across the sea
  2. ^ According to "Color of Kanagawa Prefecture" (established January 1978, 1), "blue (standard color chart 31PB 8721/2.5 based on Japanese Industrial Standard Otsu 5)". Nickname is "Kanagawa Blue".
  3. ^ Takaza/Ayukawa/Yoruki/Hozumi/Osumi/Ashikami/Footsteps/Kamakura/Miura (Miura) (Enki ceremonyby)
  4. ^ Tachibana, Tsuzuki, Kuraki (according to Enki ceremony)
  5. ^ It is estimated to be near the Hongo district of Oiso Town.
  6. ^ PreviouslyFukuokaAlsoFukuoka CityKitakyushuThe population of Kitakyushu has fallen below 2 million since 100, although the number of the two cities exceeded 2005 million.
  7. ^ Kanagawa Internet Broadcasting Station

Source

  1. ^ "Estimated population as of October 19, 10", Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications.
  2. ^ 17 Census/First Basic Tabulation Results"Result Summary"(Table 2 Main indicators by prefecture), Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications.
  3. ^ a b "Areas by prefecture"(19 area), Geographical Survey Institute.
  4. ^ Before and after, 42nd placeSagaAnd 44th placeOkinawa.
  5. ^ "Kanagawa Prefecture Population and Households", Kanagawa Prefectural Statistics Center.
  6. ^ Depopulated municipalities map, Kanagawa prefecture, National Depopulated Area Independence Promotion Federation.
  7. ^ "Information magazine "Arin" No. 401 "Why Kanagawa Prefecture, not Yokohama Prefecture" Yuichi HiguchiYurindo, April 13, 4.
  8. ^ "Kanagawa River" Kanagawa Shimbun Kanashi Publishing, page 10
  9. ^ Municipalities in Kanagawa Prefecture-Kanagawa homepage
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Prefectural center prefectural government synthesis center”(Japanese). Kanagawa. 2021th of February 1Browse.
  11. ^ Area adjustment by prefectures, cities, towns and villages nationwide Geographical Survey Institute March 2013, 11 reading
  12. ^ Longitude/latitude (world geodetic system) of municipal offices and offices in Kanagawa Geographical Survey Institute March 2013, 2 reading
  13. ^ Longitudinal latitude and longitude of the north-east and west end points of the Kanto region and the center of gravity Geographical Survey Institute March 2013, 2 reading
  14. ^ Center of gravity of Japan-From the 22 Census Results- Statistics Bureau March 2013, 2 Reading
  15. ^ It is becoming clear that the vicinity of Shinomiya, Hiratsuka City is the national government.
  16. ^ Hideaki Ohnuki "Domination of the City and the Road to Independence" Akitoshi Kanzaki, Hideaki Onuki, Kinji Fukushima, Takeomi Nishikawa, "History of Kanagawa Prefecture", Yamakawa Publishing Co., Ltd., 2001, pp.42-45
  17. ^ Takeomi Nishikawa "A world that changes to embarkation to the international community" Akitoshi Kanzaki, Hideaki Onuki, Kinji Fukushima, Takeomi Nishikawa, "History of Kanagawa Prefecture," Yamakawa Publishing Co., Ltd., 2001, pp.254-256
  18. ^ Mayuko Sano "Edo of Allcock"Chuko Shinsho, 2003,ISBN 9784121017109
  19. ^ Keio 4th Decree Proclamation No. 178 - National Diet LibraryModern digital library
  20. ^ Keio 4th year Proclamation of Minister No. 178 -National Diet Library Modern Digital Library
  21. ^ The first year of the Meiji era, the proclamation of the Prime Minister 482 -National Diet Library Modern Digital Library
  22. ^ The first year of the Meiji era, the proclamation of the Prime Minister 778 -National Diet Library Modern Digital Library
  23. ^ Origin of the name of the prefecture, Anniversary of the government office - Kanagawa Prefecture
  24. ^ 4th year of Meiji 594th Declaration No. XNUMX -National Diet Library Modern Digital Library
  25. ^ August 5, 8 Meiji Government -National Diet Library Modern Digital Library
  26. ^ 9th year of Meiji 53th Declaration No. XNUMX -National Diet Library Modern Digital Library
  27. ^ Takeomi Nishikawa "The World Changing to the International Society" Akitoshi Kanzaki, Hideaki Onuki, Kinji Fukushima, Takeomi Nishikawa, "History of Kanagawa Prefecture", Yamakawa Publishing Co., Ltd., 2001, pp. 270-271
  28. ^ Kanagawa prefecture jurisdiction map (24) -Fujisawa City Board of Education
  29. ^ Tokyo Prefectural Government and Kanagawa Prefecture Boundary Change Niseki Sur Law (Meiji 26 Law No. 12)
  30. ^ Kanagawa Prefecture (May 2018, 5). "Kanagawa Prefectural Assembly History of Prefectural Assembly Chairman/Vice Chairman List" (Japanese). Kanagawa. http://www.pref.kanagawa.jp/gikai/p80213.html 2018th of February 9Browse. 
  31. ^ Number of members by Kanagawa Prefectural Assembly
  32. ^ Kanagawa Prefecture (May 2018, 4). "About revision of the fixed number of Kanagawa prefectural assembly, constituencies and the regulations regarding the number of members to be elected in each constituency" (Japanese). Kanagawa. http://www.pref.kanagawa.jp/docs/em7/cnt/f5/p807451.html 2018th of February 9Browse. 
  33. ^ "Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications | Types of elections”(Japanese). Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. 2018th of February 9Browse.
  34. ^ Kanagawa Prefectural Economic Calculation for FY20
  35. ^ National Tax Agency Liquor tax relation table
  36. ^ On the Keio Sagamihara LineToeiOf the Odakyu Odawara Line/Tama LineTokyo MetroOf the Tokyu Toyoko Line (including the Minatomirai Line)Tobu,SeibuToei on the Tokyo Metro, Tokyu Meguro Line, Tobu on the Tokyu Denentoshi Line, Tokyu on the Tokyo Metro and Keikyu Main LineKeisei, A metropolitan vehicle is on board.
  37. ^ Broadcasting target area of ​​the broadcasting station that conducts foreign language broadcasting among the ultra-high frequency broadcasting performed by general broadcasting companies according to the provisions of 2) (2) (1) c of the Basic Plan for Broadcasting Promotion (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications)
  38. ^ TOKYO FM × Tokyo Tower Summit New Antenna Transmission Memorial TOWER OF LOVE-TOKYO FM 80.0MHz
  39. ^ J-WAVE Company Information
  40. ^ "What is Shonan Magic Wave”. SEISA Community FM Broadcasting Station. 2017th of February 10Browse.
  41. ^ The number of tourists in the prefecture reached a record high for the fourth consecutive year, Commerce and Tourism Division, Commerce and Tourism Division, Department of Commerce and Industry, announced on June 2009, 21.
  42. ^ Research Study on Economic Effects of Travel and Tourism Industry VIII (2007 Travel and Tourism Consumption Trend Results and Estimates of Economic Effects), Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, March 2008(Internet archive, June 2013, 6)- http://www.mlit.go.jp/common/000029700.pdf)、国土交通省、2008年(平成20年)7月発表。
  43. ^ "Inbound demand in Kanagawa prefecture”(Japanese). Visit Lab. 2020th of February 6Browse.

References

Related item

外部 リンク

Administration
Tourism
Predecessor:
Kanagawa magistrate
(Musashi country-Sagami country内 のShogunate-Flag territory
Mutsuura
Shinagawa PrefecturePart of (MusashikuniTama-gun
IrumaPart of (Tama-gun, Musashikuni)
AshigaraPart of (Sagami country)
Changes in administrative districts
1868 - (Yokohama Court → Kanagawa Court
→ Kanagawa Prefecture → Kanagawa Prefecture)
Next generation:
-----
Tokyo(Tama-gun, Musashikuni)

 

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