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🏛 | Hyogo Prefecture to discuss emergency declaration request Decided at the headquarters meeting on the 21st "It cannot be said that it is effective in preventing spread", the governor


Hyogo Prefecture to discuss request for state of emergency Decided at the headquarters meeting on the 21st "It cannot be said that it is effective in preventing the spread", the governor

If you write the contents roughly
In addition, Hyogo Prefecture considered specific measures such as whether to change the contents requested for each area at the countermeasures headquarters meeting on the 21st, saying that "it is indispensable to take measures to suppress the number of cases", and the country of the state of emergency declaration It is a policy to decide on the request to.

In response to the situation where the spread of the new coronavirus has not subsided, Governor Ido of Hyogo Prefecture said, "There is no response to suppress the onset ... → Continue reading

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Emergency declaration

Emergency declaration(Hijojitai Sengen) orEmergency declarationWhat is (Kinkyuji Taisengen)?Natural disasters,Infection(Epidemic-Disease)ofPandemic,Nuclear accidentSuch asdisasterAnd戦 争,terrorism,Civil strife,MayhemSuch,Health-life-property-EnvironmentDanger is imminentEmergency(Emergency)Country-Region Of政府(Local governmentEtc.)decreeTo activate a special authority based onpublicIt is to proclaim and declare such a situation in order to call attention to.

About the name

Current,Japanese lawThe basic wording ofEmergency(Emergency)"·"Emergency declarationDespite being unified as "Kinkyuji Taisengen", due to customs from the wording of the provisions of the former Japanese law, "(Kinkyuji Taisengen)" is used in foreign languages.Emergency"Or"State of emergency"Emergency situation" and "Emergency declaration" are sometimes used in the media etc. as a Japanese translation of "," etc. It has the same meaning as "statement of emergency".


Measures includePolicemen-軍隊(in Japan's case,SDF)SuchCivil servantMobilization ofPublic financeCondemnation of an emergencycommandPromulgation of government ordinances superior to the law and suspension of constitutional human rights guaranteesWritIn addition to allowing arrests and house searches that do not depend on people, freedom of press and meetings, etc.LibertyThere can be restrictions. But,Japan,アイス ランドAnd someCountry ruled by lawThen, there are some cases where the request is almost unenforceable.

in Japan,1954Old until (Showa 29)Police lawAuthority to proclaim a "national emergency" under Article 62Prime MinisterWas given to the currentPolice lawbased onEmergency DeclarationOther than that,Disaster Countermeasures Basic Lawbased onDeclaration of a disaster emergency,New influenza measures special measures lawbased onPandemic influenza etc.And so onPrime MinisterIs announced.

The United States of AmericaThen,PresidentIt is not uncommon to declare a state of emergency, but it is declared when the assets are frozen under the authority of the president as "a threat from foreign countries" (For example, in November 2018, an anti-government demonstration was announced. Central America suppressed by forceEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euTo see the turmoil as an American security threat and freeze the assets of those who undermine security and democracyDonald Trump(Proclaimed by the President) and othersterrorism,InfectionIs also declared to correspond to[1].. In the United States, vs. 1979(I.e.Approximately 30 declarations, including asset freezes, are reported to be valid as of February 2019 in US media[1].

FranceThen in 2015Paris terrorist attacksでFrancois HollandeAnnounced by the President and extended until October 2017, 10[2][3].

In a similar situation, “national legislation, judiciary, administrationControlPart or all ofMilitary"Transfer to"Martial"[4].

List of National Emergency Situations

Here, as mentioned above, declarations with names which are almost synonymous with each other, such as "emergency declaration" and "emergency order", are also described.

Before the 20th century

2000 era

2010 era

2020 era

Invocation from outside the nation

Federal systemCountries andDecentralizationIn advanced countries,Local governmentMay be authorized to declare an emergency. Also, although the special law does not come into effect,International organization,armyHas established effective controlArmed organizationMay make a declaration for the purpose of calling attention.

International organization

It is an international organizationFlag of WHO.svg WHOIt is,2005Since then, in response to a large-scale epidemic,Public health emergencies of international concernIs to be declared. The example of activation is "#Notification/designationSee.

Local Government/Local Government


Armed organization

  • Yemen flag Yemen : 2017May, armed organization of the countryFuchsia choleraDeclaration of “emergency situation” based on the seriousness of the epidemic[230].


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ at that timeThe United KingdomAlthough he was a territory, he had already obtained the autonomy of internal affairs.
  2. ^ New influenza measures special measures lawDate of emergency declaration by.Historical emergencyToMay 3However, the declaration date is generally treated as April 4.
  3. ^ The scope of the announcement on April 4 is 7 prefecture, 1 prefectures (Tokyo,Osaka,Kanagawa,Saitama,Chiba,Hyogo,Fukuoka) Was,May 4And expanded to all other prefectures, totaling 47PrefecturesBecame the scope of official announcement[179].
  4. ^ Date of declaration. It will be activated at 9:0 on the XNUMXth of the following day.
  5. ^ The scope of the announcement on January 1 was 7 metropolitan area and 1 prefectures (Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa), but on January 3Tochigi,Aichi,Gifu,Kyoto, Osaka prefecture, Hyogo prefecture, Fukuoka prefecture.afterwardsMay 2Tochigi prefecture28 DayAichi prefecture, Gifu prefecture, Kyoto prefecture, Osaka prefecture, Hyogo prefecture, Fukuoka prefecture were canceled respectively.[202][203]..The remaining period of 1 metropolitan area and 3 prefecturesMay 3Until.


  1. ^ a b "President Trump has declared three emergency situations". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 2019/2/18Browse.
  2. ^ "That emergency situations become everyday”(May 2016, 11). 2017/4/23Browse.
  3. ^ "After 2 years, France lifts the declaration of emergency 6 times due to terrorism”. TV Asahi (September 2017, 11). 2019/7/6Browse.
  4. ^ “Kotoba Commentary: Difference between “Emergency Declaration” and “Martial Law””. Mainichi Newspapers(July 2015, 12). https://mainichi.jp/articles/20151203/mul/00m/030/00700sc 2017/7/6Browse. 
  5. ^ Conceicao. "The 13th May 1969 (Kuala Lumpur) Disturbances", pp. 112—113
  6. ^ Weird fashion situation in "Singapore" that Japanese people have difficulty understanding
  7. ^ Question on the Special Measures Act concerning the implementation of humanitarian reconstruction support activities and security assurance support activities in Iraq-House of Representatives 国会House of Representatives: 2004 (Heisei16 years) April 11
  8. ^ State of emergency issuance, confusion overwhelming new government process-Bangladesh AFP (January 2008, 1)
  9. ^ Prime Minister declares emergency, 46 dead in Greek wildfire expansion AFP (January 2008, 8)
  10. ^ President of Pakistan declares emergency and dismisses Supreme Court Reuters Communication (November 2008, 11)
  11. ^ Georgia's state of emergency declared canceled before 22 days of parliamentary approval AFP (January 2008, 11)
  12. ^ Fiji: Heavy rain in western Viti Levu Embassy of Japan in Fiji
  13. ^ Chad issues a national emergency declaration AFP (January 2008, 2)
  14. ^ Declaration of emergency in Mongolia, due to riot over general election Reuters Communication (November 2008, 7)
  15. ^ Zimbabwe declares emergency, cholera dead over 560 Reuters Communication (November 2008, 12)
  16. ^ Hurricane "Ida" hits Central America, killing 124 people in El Salvador AFP (January 2009, 11)
  17. ^ State of emergency declared by police station attack Jamaica Nippon Television News
  18. ^ Eruption of volcanic eruptions in Guatemala and Ecuador, Latin America Rescue Now
  19. ^ Kyrgyz clash, over 80 dead, second emergency state declaration -(June 2010, 6) AFP
  20. ^ Spanish controller abandons all workplaces, declares emergency -AFP News
  21. ^ “Tunisia State of Emergency Declaration 5 Demonstrations, Cabinet Resignation”. 47NEWS (Kyodo News). (November 2011, 1). http://www.47news.jp/CN/201101/CN2011011401001065.html 2011/1/16Browse. 
  22. ^ Yemen declares state of emergency Security forces fire on demonstrators(March 2011, 3) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  23. ^ (Untitled)(August 2011, 8) Embassy of Japan in Trinidad and Tobago
  24. ^ Tuvalu Crisis Due to Global Warming Water Shortage Government Declares State of Emergency(October 2011, 10) Excite News
  25. ^ State of emergency declared in western Myanmar, religious confrontation worsens(June 2012, 6) Reuters News
  26. ^ Mali declares state of emergency across France France dispatches troops CNN (January 2013, 1)
  27. ^ Egyptian president declares emergency in three provinces after riot after soccer trial AFP (January 2013, 1)
  28. ^ Meteorite falls in Russia, 500 people are injured Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2013, 2)
  29. ^ Declaration of state of emergency in the three northeastern states-No effect on Lagos- JETRO (June 2013, 6)
  30. ^ Emergency assistance for cyclone damage in the Kingdom of Tonga Ministry of Foreign Affairs (January 2014, 1)
  31. ^ Floods in Serbia kill three people "worst natural disaster" AFP (January 2014, 5)
  32. ^ Rod Mac Johnson (August 2014, 8). “Sierra Leone declares emergency with spread of Ebola infection”. AFP. AFPBB News. オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 8.. http://archive.is/zOZcP 2014/10/11Browse. 
  33. ^ “Ebola, Liberia declares emergency”. AFP. AFPBB News. (August 2014, 8). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 8.. http://archive.is/foXQW 2014/10/11Browse. 
  34. ^ “Nigeria also declares an emergency” Third country due to Ebola outbreak”. Kyodo News. 47NEWS(November 2014, 8). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 10.. https://web.archive.org/web/20141010214834/http://www.47news.jp/CN/201408/CN2014080901001053.html 2014/10/11Browse. 
  35. ^ “Guinea declares emergency with spread of Ebola infection”. AFP. AFPBB News. (August 2014, 8). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 8.. http://archive.is/rhG9a 2014/10/11Browse. 
  36. ^ Niger declares state of emergency Boko Haram's offensive AFP (February 2015, 2) Ryukyu Shimpo
  37. ^ UNICEF decides to provide US$60 assistance to Japanese government, Vanuatu, Kiribati, Solomon Islands, and Tuvalu damaged by Cyclone Pam UNICEF (March 2015, 3)
  38. ^ Ebola fears reignite, Guinea declares "emergency" AFP (January 2015, 3)
  39. ^ Typhoon damage in the Federated States of Micronesia (issue of sympathy messages from Prime Minister Abe and Foreign Minister Kishida) (April 2015, 4) Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  40. ^ President of Tunisia announces 30-day declaration of emergency AFP (July 2015, 7) Huff Post
  41. ^ Myanmar flood 47 dead, 21 affected(2015 8 年 月 日 3)
  42. ^ "Simultaneous terrorist attacks in Paris: suicide bombing and 120 shooting deaths”. Mainichi Shimbun (December 2015, 11). 2015/11/14Browse.
  43. ^ Terror in Tunisia's capital kills 12 presidential declaration Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2015, 11)
  44. ^ Immigration/Refugee Issues: Issuance of Emergency Declaration Embassy of Japan in Hungary (March 2016, 3)
  45. ^ Declaration of health emergency due to Zika fever (Marshall Islands) PIC (April 2016, 4)
  46. ^ Emergency assistance for drought damage in the Republic of Palau Ministry of Foreign Affairs (January 2016, 4)
  47. ^ Iraq and Shiite demonstrators declare parliamentary emergency Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2016, 5)
  48. ^ President Venezuela declares emergency, "US plans to overthrow government" Reuters Communication (November 2016, 5)
  49. ^ Turkish President announces state of emergency Coup attempt BBC NEWS JAPAN (July 2016, 7)
  50. ^ Ethiopia declares emergency situation Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2015, 10)
  51. ^ Bolivia South America declares emergency due to drought worst in 25 years AFP (January 2016, 11)
  52. ^ Gambia crisis, neighboring countries temporarily dispatch new president inauguration ceremony in Senegal AFP (January 2017, 1)
  53. ^ State of emergency declared in western Niger attacked by Islamic extremists in Mali AFP (January 2017, 3)
  54. ^ Colombian Debris Flow declares emergency BBC (April 2017, 4)
  55. ^ Egypt continuous explosion, 44 deaths Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2017, 4)
  56. ^ Moldova Weekly Report [April 4-16] Embassy of Japan in Moldova (May 2017, 5)
  57. ^ Barbuda, hit by a hurricane, unmanned for the first time in 300 years CNN (January 2017, 9)
  58. ^ Emergency assistance for volcanic eruption damage in Vanuatu Ministry of Foreign Affairs (January 2017, 10)
  59. ^ State of emergency against Madagascar plague Nihombashi Yumeya (October 2017, 10) Read December 4, 2017
  60. ^ Declaration of emergency in Central America Honduras, violence demonstration after presidential election AFP (December 2017, 12) Read December 3, 2017
  61. ^ Declaration of emergency in Jamaica's second largest city, frequent murder calls alert tourists AFP (December 2018, 1) Read December 21, 2018
  62. ^ Maldives Emergency Situation Cancellation(March 2018, 3) Nihombashi Yumeya
  63. ^ Bolivian domestic affairs and diplomacy (February 2018)(March 2018, 3) Embassy of Japan in Bolivia
  64. ^ Tonga approaching a powerful cyclone declares an emergency(February 2018, 2) AFP
  65. ^ Sri Lanka is the epitome of a world that leans to the right-emergency statement due to delay in hate speech regulation(March 2018, 3) Yahoo! News
  66. ^ Two people dead, three missing in Oman after cyclone(June 2018, 5) Reuters News
  67. ^ State of emergency declared in the Highlands (Papua New Guinea)(June 2018, 6) PIC
  68. ^ Hawaii approaching hurricane, president declares emergency AFP (January 2018, 8)
  69. ^ Issuance of Emergency Situation (Belize City) Embassy of Japan in Jamaica (September 2018, 9)
  70. ^ Cholera expanded in Zimbabwe, 20 dead, state of emergency declared in capital CNN (January 2018, 9)
  71. ^ Burkina Faso Issuance of Emergency Declaration Nihombashi Yumeya (January 2019, 1)
  72. ^ "A lot of ferocious polar bears roam... Declaration of emergency on Russian island”. AFP (July 2019, 2). 2019/2/10Browse.
  73. ^ "U.S. Trump administration to declare state of emergency for construction of" border wall "". NHK News (NHK). https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20190215/k10011815671000.html 2019/2/16Browse. 
  74. ^ Gold mine inundation, 24 deaths declared state of emergency Mainichi Newspaper (a 2019th, 19)
  75. ^ Sudanese Parliament Approves Presidential Declaration of Emergency AFP (January 2019, 3)
  76. ^ Cyclone damage and Malawi Seibo Japan (April 2019, 4)
  77. ^ UN WFP strengthens emergency response to cyclones and floods in Mozambique WFP (March 2019, 3)
  78. ^ Sri Lanka declares emergency, terrorist attacks, dead 310 Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2019, 4)
  79. ^ Honduras dengue fever declared emergency declaration Nihombashi Yumeya (January 2019, 6)
  80. ^ Details of areas subject to emergency declaration Embassy of Japan in Jamaica (September 2019, 7)
  81. ^ Information on the issuance of hygiene emergency declarations against Zika virus infection and dengue in Peru Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare Quarantine Station (August 2019, 8)
  82. ^ Wildfire state of emergency announced on an island in eastern Greece TV Tokyo News (August 2019, 8)
  83. ^ Bananas disappear from the table? New Panama disease goes to South America Nationalism (August 2019, 8)
  84. ^ State of emergency in eastern Chad = President due to intensified collision JIJI (August 2019, 8)
  85. ^ State of emergency declared in Bolivia due to forest fire sputnik japan (August 2019, 8)
  86. ^ Hurricane, Florida landing on the 2nd or declaration of emergency(March 2019, 8) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  87. ^ Guatemala Calling attention to the state of emergency -Nihonbashi Yumeya
  88. ^ Regarding the issuance of an emergency situation declaration following the radicalization of the Ecuador strike(March 2019, 10) Nihombashi Yumeya
  89. ^ "State of emergency declared in Chile's capital, violence over subway fares”. AFP (July 2019, 10). 2019/11/3Browse.
  90. ^ Bolivia, presidential election declared emergency situation suspected of intervention(March 2019, 10) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  91. ^ Israel bombs Gaza and announces emergency(November 2019, 11) TRT
  92. ^ Congo (joint) monthly report November 2019
  93. ^ Extension of the emergency declaration Travel Sun
  94. ^ Albanian earthquake continues to rescue 28 dead(November 2019, 11) JIJI
  95. ^ Eastern Kingston Area Emergency Declaration Target Area Map (Issued January 2020, 1)(Jan 2020, 1) Embassy of Japan in Jamaica
  96. ^ "Italy declares emergency with new coronavirus, first domestic infection confirmed“Reuters” May 2020, 1.2020/2/1Browse.
  97. ^ Micronesia Presidential Office Declaration of Emergency for New Coronavirus(March 2020, 2) Nihombashi Yumeya
  98. ^ Marshall Suspension of air and sea routes with China, Hong Kong and Macau(March 2020, 2) Nihombashi Yumeya
  99. ^ South Korea declares emergency due to spread of coronavirus(March 2020, 3) ParsToday
  100. ^ Declaration of emergency due to new pneumonia in Herat, Afghanistan(March 2020, 3) ParsToday
  101. ^ Presidential Emergency Order in Bishkek Embassy of Japan in Kyrgyzstan
  102. ^ Declaration of emergency in all three Baltic countries and restrictions on foreign entry(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  103. ^ Declaration of emergency in France following pandemic of new coronavirus(March 2020, 3) ParsToday
  104. ^ Measures for new coronavirus infection by the Guatemalan government (general)(Read April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Guatemala
  105. ^ COVID19 Related Information 7(March 2020, 3) Viking Co., Ltd.
  106. ^ "Hungary declares an emergency Situation ban on new viruses such as Italy”(Japanese). NHK News. 2020/4/5Browse.
  107. ^ Confirmed first person infected with new coronavirus, issued national emergency declaration(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  108. ^ Argentinian flight stop from Europe and America in new Corona(March 2020, 3) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  109. ^ "Czech Republic declares emergency Slovakia closes border". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 2020/4/5Browse.
  110. ^ Even in Venezuela in South America, the new Corona economic collapse makes it difficult to prevent(March 2020, 3) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  111. ^ New Coronavirus: Latvian Government Declares Emergency Situation(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Latvia
  112. ^ "Trump declares emergency with new Corona”(Japanese). www.afpbb.com. 2020/3/13Browse.
  113. ^ Confirmed the first new corona infection in Uruguay, currency depreciation(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  114. ^ Estonian Government Announces Emergency Situation Regarding New Corona Infection(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Estonia
  115. ^ "Spain declares emergency to reduce spread". NHK News. 2020/4/5Browse.
  116. ^ National Emergency Declaration on the New Coronavirus in Panama(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Panama
  117. ^ New Coronavirus-related information (extension of the expiration date of measures to spread infection accompanying declaration of emergency)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Bulgaria
  118. ^ Issuance of emergency declaration regarding the new coronavirus(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in El Salvador
  119. ^ [Poland] Prohibition of entry by foreigners-With the spread of coronavirus infection [Declaration of emergency](March 2020, 3) European navigation
  120. ^ Coronavirus infection (Honduras: Stay-at-home order issued: As of 3:16 pm on March 9)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Honduras
  121. ^ "Libya declares emergency situation Temporary administration, airports etc closed”(Japanese). Tokyo Newspaper. 2020/3/13Browse.
  122. ^ "State of emergency declared in Kazakhstan Concerns over spread of infection in Central Africa". NHK News. 2020/4/5Browse.
  123. ^ Information on new coronaviruses in Slovakia (declaration of emergency, etc.)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Slovakia
  124. ^ "Status of new coronaviruses in Serbia (PDF)”. Embassy of Japan in Serbia. 2020/3/27Browse.
  125. ^ First community-acquired president declares emergency(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  126. ^ New Coronavirus in Peru (National Emergency Ordinance-Part 2)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Peru
  127. ^ "South Africa National Emergency Situation Prohibition of entry from Italy". NHK News. 2020/4/5Browse.
  128. ^ Alert regarding the new coronavirus (9: State of emergency)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Maldives
  129. ^ Lebanon defaults, state of emergency declared against coronavirus, major airports closed(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  130. ^ Armenian government declares emergency against new coronavirus(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  131. ^ New coronavirus (situation until 6:16 on the XNUMXth)(May 2020, 5) Embassy of Japan in Ecuador
  132. ^ Announcement of the National Emergency Declaration in Costa Rica(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Costa Rica
  133. ^ Switzerland also declares an emergency situation: store bans, entry restrictions(March 2020, 3) Tokyo Shimbun
  134. ^ Lebanon, Jordan, and Sudan are limited to economic activities due to extension of international flight suspension and outing restrictions(March 2020, 4) JETRO
  135. ^ New coronavirus infectious disease (restriction on night out due to public health emergency)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Paraguay
  136. ^ Finnish government declares emergency with new coronavirus measures(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  137. ^ "Romanian government announces emergency”(Japanese). Business report. 2020/3/24Browse.
  138. ^ New Coronavirus Information (South Africa, Eswatini, Lesotho Information)(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in South Africa
  139. ^ The government issued an emergency declaration and announced 10 economic measures(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  140. ^ New Coronavirus Measures (Sao Tome and Principe: Emergency State Declaration on Public Health dated 17th)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Gabon
  141. ^ Namibia Monthly Report (March 2020)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Namibia
  142. ^ Information on the new coronavirus in Palau (March 3th)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Palau
  143. ^ Alert about new coronavirus(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Luxembourg
  144. ^ Australia's "emergency declaration" de facto ban on new corona(March 2020, 3) Sankei Biz
  145. ^ [Emergency] [New Coronavirus] Declaration of emergency(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Macedonia
  146. ^ Declaration of emergency due to expansion of new coronavirus infection, impact on Japanese companies due to blockade of some local governments(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  147. ^ New Coronavirus Information (South Africa, Eswatini, Lesotho Information)(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in South Africa
  148. ^ Issuance of a curfew by the government of the Dominican Republic(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in the Dominican Republic
  149. ^ Haiti first confirmed new coronavirus infected person(March 2020, 3) Nihombashi Yumeya
  150. ^ Alert about new coronavirus (partial relaxation of emergency orders)(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Samoa
  151. ^ About National Restrictions Notice(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Tonga
  152. ^ New coronavirus (infection control measures in the Bahamas)(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Bahamas
  153. ^ "New Coronavirus Brazil declares emergency". NHK News. 2020/4/5Browse.
  154. ^ Regarding the National Disaster Declaration by President Mutarika(2020 March 3) Embassy of Japan in Malawi
  155. ^ New coronavirus (sanitary emergency, long-term stay, health consultation)(2020 March 3) Embassy of Japan in Morocco
  156. ^ Declaration of national emergency(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Georgia
  157. ^ Declaration of national health emergency and implementation of inspections for Madagascar immigrants within 14 days(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Madagascar
  158. ^ a b c d Monthly situation report for 6 countries returning to the East Caribbean countries (March 2020) -Embassy of Japan in Trinidad and Tobago (read April 2020, 4)
  159. ^ Sierra Leone's New Coronavirus Measures (Part 6): National Emergency Situation (1 Year)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Ghana
  160. ^ Congo (People) Declaration of Emergency: Border closure, Kinshasa-Prohibition of traffic between states, etc.(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  161. ^ Declaration of emergency in Senegal: Prohibition of movement between cities, restrictions on transportation, etc.(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Senegal
  162. ^ Coronavirus Response <Papua New Guinea> Latest Information(April 2020, 4) Nippon Express Pelican Travel Net
  163. ^ "NZ declares national emergency”(Japanese). Kobe Shimbun NEXT. 2020/3/24Browse.
  164. ^ "Thailand, new corona to declare emergency situation Number of infected people ... (Photo = Reuters)”(Japanese). Nikkei newspaper electronic version. 2020/3/24Browse.
  165. ^ Alert about the new coronavirus (Vanuatu government announced "Emergency Declaration")(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Vanuatu
  166. ^ Fiji alert for new coronavirus(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Fiji
  167. ^ New Coronavirus Infectious Diseases: Announcement of Presidential Decree on Declaration of Emergency(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Angola
  168. ^ Declaration of Emergency Situation in Guinea Due to Epidemic of New Coronavirus: Border Blockade, Regulations on Transportation, etc.(2020 3 年 月 日 26)
  169. ^ Strengthening measures against the new coronavirus (Niger (Part 3))(2020 3 年 月 日 27)
  170. ^ East Timor Banned foreigners from entering the country (March 2020, 3 28:00 to April 00, 4:26)(March 2020, 3) Nihombashi Yumeya
  171. ^ Announcement of hygiene emergency declaration (Mexico)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Mexico
  172. ^ Equatorial Guinea: Prime Minister's Ordinance on Extension of Hygiene Emergency Declaration and New Measures(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Equatorial Guinea
  173. ^ New Corona virus protection-Botswana declared a state of emergency(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Botswana
  174. ^ Strengthening measures against the new coronavirus (Togo (Part 3))(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Ivory Coast
  175. ^ Declaration of emergency situation nationwide, prohibition of going out at night from 4 April, daytime, shops, banks are open(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Belize
  176. ^ The "actual situation" of the new corona that cannot be seen in numbers Africa where poverty is serious(March 2020, 4) Yahoo! News
  177. ^ Ukrainian new coronavirus countermeasures (addition of prohibitions, penalties, etc .: April 4)(2020 4 年 月 日 5)Embassy of Japan in Ukraine
  178. ^ Prime Minister Abe declared an emergency situation 7 prefectures Effectiveness Until May 5 -NHKNEWSWEB, delivered at 2020:4 on April 7, 18.
  179. ^ Declaration of emergency, spread all over the country Until next month, 6th month Corona infection explosion sense of crisis-Government(April 2020, 4) Jiji Press
  180. ^ Declaration of national emergency with new coronavirus countermeasures (Ethiopia)(March 2020, 4) JETRO
  181. ^ Liberia National Emergency Situation (April 2020, 4-)(March 2020, 4) Nihombashi Yumeya
  182. ^ Downtown only watched by mannequins(February 2020, 4) AFP
  183. ^ Temporary interruption of inter-city traffic in Mongolia(March 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Gabon
  184. ^ [Correction] New Coronavirus Measures (Health Emergency Declaration: Great Libreville Blockade)(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Mongolia
  185. ^ Is corona infected person outbreak in North Korea?(March 2020, 7) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  186. ^ [Summary] Response to new coronavirus infections(January 2021, 1) WAVOC
  187. ^ 30 countries around the world are implementing the strictest measures such as emergency declarations and city blockades(March 2020, 3) Japanese version of People's Network
  188. ^ New virus, which country will reach the end in the world?(April 2020, 4) BBC NEWS JAPAN
  189. ^ Somalia declares emergency situation Kenya is the worst outbreak in the last 70 years(February 2020, 2) Japan Agricultural Newspaper
  190. ^ Fuel spill accident in Russia's Arctic, climate change-permafrost melts(June 2020, 6) bloomberg
  191. ^ "Ministry of Agriculture declares phytosanitary emergency for South American grasshopper hordes”(Japanese). JETRO. 2020/7/4Browse.
  192. ^ Lebanon Declaration of Emergency Situation, Beirut Explosion Receives 135 Dead(August 2020, 8) Yahoo News
  193. ^ MOL's ship aground, Mauritius “environmental emergency declaration”... Request for heavy oil recovery cooperation(So-net, August 2020, 8)
  194. ^ California wildfire declares "emergency"(ParsToday, August 2020, 8)
  195. ^ Liberia declares state of emergency for sex crimes(ASC, September 2020, 9)
  196. ^ Liberia declares state of emergency for sex crimes(AFP, September 2020, 9)
  197. ^ Hygiene emergency declaration reissued throughout France(March 2020, 10) JETRO
  198. ^ Spain declares state of emergency again Italy also restricts food and beverage business(March 2020, 10) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  199. ^ Extension of the Portuguese State of Emergency (until December 2020, 12)(March 2020, 12) Nihombashi Yumeya
  200. ^ "State of emergency in the Kyrgyz capital spreads political unrest-Livedoor News”(Japanese). news.livedoor.com. 2020/10/13Browse.
  201. ^ "Thailand's big blow, anti-government demonstration continued, state of emergency, capital outflow and tourism reconstruction fear of retreat"SankeiBiz" Sankei Digital, October 2020, 10.2020/11/13Browse.
  202. ^ "Tochigi Prefecture Declaration Cancellation Relaxation is step by step". NHK News. 2021/2/14Browse.
  203. ^ "State of emergency Canceled today in 6 prefectures excluding the Greater Tokyo Area". NHK News. 2021/3/1Browse.
  204. ^ Announced tomorrow's state of emergency, to announce restaurants that do not respond to time saving requests at XNUMX:XNUMX pm(January 2021, 1) TBS NEWS
  205. ^ "Declaration of emergency Expanded to 11 prefectures Government refrains from going out unnecessarily during the day". NHK News. 2020/1/14Browse.
  206. ^ Malaysia declares state of emergency in Corona Possibility of prolonging administration(Nihon Keizai Shimbun, August 2021, 1)
  207. ^ "Texas Retreats Economic Resumption-Houston Declares State of Emergency”(Japanese). Bloomberg.com. 2020/6/27Browse.
  208. ^ London UK declares serious incident, corona infection "out of control"(REUTERS, January 2021, 1)
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  217. ^ Gifu Prefecture declares a second state of emergency(Chunichi Shimbun, August 2020, 7)
  218. ^ Governor of Mie Prefecture "One step before an emergency" New virus infections one after another Emergency alert declaration(Ise Shimbun, August 2020, 8)
  219. ^ "3 Municipalities to "declare a joint emergency" Nasu Shiobara, Otawara, Nasu | Local topics, society | Shimotsuke Shinbun "SOON" News | New pneumonia-COVID19- | Shimotsuke Shinbun SOON”(Japanese). Shimotsuke Newspaper SOON. 2020/5/1Browse.
  220. ^ Okinawa Prefecture's original "emergency declaration" Call for refraining from going out without unnecessary urgency(NHK, July 2020, 7)
  221. ^ Okinawa Prefecture's original warning level "Infestation spread" to be extended to the declaration(NHK, July 2020, 8)
  222. ^ Okinawa extends its own state of emergency again until September 9th Be wary of spreading infection in the old tray(Ryukyu Shimpo, August 2020, 8)
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  227. ^ Governor Miyagi Murai issues his own state of emergency due to a rapid increase in infected people(NHK NEWS WEB, March 2021, 3)
  228. ^ Unique emergency declaration for Yamagata City The number of people infected with the new corona is increasing rapidly(NHK NWES WEB, March 2021, 3)
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Related item

外部 リンク


Hyogo(Hyogoken,British: Hyogo Prefecture) IsJapan OfKinkiに 位置 す るPrefecture.Prefectural office location TheKobe City.


It has long prefecture areas in the north and south, and has the largest area in the prefectures of the Kinki region. NorthSea of ​​Japan, SouthSeto Inland SeaIt is a prefecture bordering the two seas. The two sea border prefectures in Honshu are at both ends.AomoriとYamaguchi Except for, it is only in Hyogo prefecture. If you try to cross Honshu from Aomori Prefecture to Yamaguchi Prefecture by land, you will always pass through this prefecture.

Almost in the centerJapan Standard Time Meridian(135°E) passes north and south,Akashi CityIs due to thisAkashi City Astronomical Science MuseumThere is. In the central part of the prefectureChugoku MountainsLies in the east and west, making it a difficult transportation site.

The southern Seto Inland Sea coastHanshin Industrial Area,Harima Waterfront Industrial AreaJapan's leadingHeavy chemical industryIs an accumulation area ofKinki areaIt has the largest number of factory locations. On the other hand, from central to northernAgriculture, forestry and fisheriesIs the main industry,Depopulated area,Heavy snowfallAlso hold. Since the prefecture-based industrial activity index that averages these overcrowding and depopulation is the national average,Microcosm of JapanIt is sometimes said. Also in the southeastBetween Hanshin TheBed townAs a property, Kobe City (7th largest city in Japan) and the Hanshin region account for about 6% of the total population. The population of Hyogo Prefecture is the 7th largest in Japan, and the population density of Hyogo Prefecture is the 8th largest in Japan.

Regulatory country(Old country)SettsuWestern,Tamba countrySouthwest andTajima country,Harima country,Awaji countryMost of the prefecture area is composed of each of theOkayamaSince there were two cross-border transfers fromBeautiful landEastern,Bizen countryIncluding southeastern part[Annotation 2].HokkaidoSpans 11 countries next to (7 countries)Goki eight roads OfKinai(Settsu country),Sanin road(Tamba country, Tajima country),Sanyo road(Harima country, Mimasaka country, Bizen country),NankaidoSince it is divided into (Awaji Province), this prefecture, which spans the largest number of four regions in Japan, has been established in a way that almost ignores the ancient administrative divisions and regional divisions.Even in the current regional divisionTottoriLocated west of the borderWest HarimaThe western part of the regionAtlasIn the Kinki region page etc., it has been cut offChugokuMay be posted on the page.

Foreign currencyUrgent acquisitionMeiji governmentIs TajimaRaw silkTo export of SettsuKobe PortTo take advantage ofToshimichi OkuboBased on the plan formulated by Tsutomu Sakurai under1876(Meiji 9), the area of ​​the third Hyogo prefecture was confirmed. As a financial source for the development of Kobe, it used the tax revenue from the rich agricultural countries such as Harima and Tajima.

Edo PeriodThe clan placed inAmagasaki Domain-Mita Domain, To Tamba countryMt. Sasayama Clan-Kashiwara Domain, In TajimaIzushi Domain-Toyooka DomainThere is in Harima countryHimeji Domain-Hayashida Domain-Akashi Domain-Tatsuno Domain-Ako Domain-Crescent moon-Ono Domain-Mikusa Domain-Ashi clan-Yamazaki domainBut in AwajiAwa Domain (Awa Tokushima Domain) OfSumoto CastleThe Inada family,Flag book(Replacement)ofYamana familyMuraokaJinya, ReplacementIkeda familyThere was Fukumoto Jinya.

This prefecture, which has included diversity as described above, once existed.Socialist Federal Republic of YugoslaviaIn analogy to "HyogoslaviaSometimes called[Annotation 3], The prefecture also rides on this2018From (30)U5H=United 5koku of HYOGOIs being promoted[2][3].

Origin of prefecture name

It was in the current Kobe city of HyogoHyogo CastleIt is due to the government office being set up in. There was Hyogo CastleYabe-gunHyogotsu (formerly known asOwada Tomari) Was prosperous as a port town with a population of more than 2 at that time, but it was close to the northeast of Hyogotsu, and the town of Kobe, which became the de facto port, developed rapidly after the Meiji period. Hyogotsu is a local government name1879ToKobe WardAlso, as a port name1892I was swallowed up by Kobe Port.

The origin of "Hyogo" isEmperor TenchiIn the reign ofarmsIt also comes from the fact that there was "Tsuwamonogura (Hyogo)," which means the warehouse of.


Wide skirt

Geospatial Information Authority of JapanAccording to Hyogo Prefecture, the north, south, east, and west edges are as follows, and the east-west length is 111.13.kmThe north-south length is 168.50km.

Center of gravity
35°2′25′N 134°49′33′E
Northern end
35°40′29′N 134°45′53′E
West end
34°51′7′N 134°15′9′E←
Center point
34°54′55′N 134°51′38′E
Eastern end
→34°55′32′N 135°28′7′E
Southern tip
34°9′21′N 134°48′59′E


Osaka BayThe south facing the plain is a plain area, but most of the central and northern areas are mountains.hillsIt is a zone. The population is concentrated in the south.


Main mountains and mountains


Main plainsbasin
  • Terai Caldera


Main river
Main canyons/canyons


Main lake

In the prefecture,Awaji City13301 places are the most,SumotoNo. 7014, followed by Kobe City 6305. Awaji Island occupies about half of the prefecture[5].. On the other hand, in recent years, prefecture surveys have revealed that about 3 places, which is nearly 1% of the total, do not actually exist.[6].. However, even with that in mind, the number of reservoirs remains the highest in Japan.

  • As of April 2009, 4
Tameike number ranking
1st place Hyogo prefecture 43,245
2 bit Hiroshima 20,183
3 bit Kagawa 14,619
4 bit Osaka 11,105
5 bit Yamaguchi 10,636
  • As of August 2019
Tameike number ranking[7]
1st place Hyogo prefecture 24,400
2 bit Hiroshima 19,772
3 bit Kagawa 14,619
4 bit Yamaguchi 9,992
5 bit Okayama 9,700




Main natural island

Natural park/national park


NorthSea of ​​Japan side climate, In the southSeto Inland Sea climateSo the northern municipalitiesHeavy snowfallIs specified in.

Summers are generally hot. Mainly in the north and inland areasFern phenomenonbyExtremely hot dayOften occurs, and in the south, mainly in the coastal area between Kobe and Hanshin.Tropical nightOften becomes.

In the winter, the coastal area of ​​the Seto Inland Sea is warm, but the average January temperature in other inland areas and the north is below 1°C, and there are many winter days and it is relatively cold.MitaEven if you compare at the same altitudeNorth KantoIn some places, the temperature is lower than that in eastern Japan. In the northern area facing the Sea of ​​Japan(I.e.Under the influence ofprecipitationThe number of days and the amount of snowfall increase.Sea of ​​Japan polar air mass convergence zoneUnder the influence of, the snowfall will increase rapidly in a short time of half a day to a few days, and even in the plain areas such as Toyooka city area and Kasumi, it may become stagnation snow of about 50 cm to about 1 m. Even in the inland part of the northern part of Harima, comparing with the coastal parts and plain parts of the southern partprecipitationIf the number of days increases a little and the active snow cloud descends south from the Sea of ​​Japan, heavy snow of around 20 cm may occur. Even in the coastal area of ​​the Seto Inland Sea, mainly in southern Harima(I.e.And Koyuki,SleetThere are days whenSnowfallIs at most once or twice a winter, about 1-2 cm. Especially, the amount of snow from Kobe to Hanshin is extremely low.

Normal price in various places in Hyogo prefecture (Source:Meteorological Agency / Meteorological Statistics Information)
Average price
Kami Town
ToyookaAsago CityYabu City
Tamba city
NishiwakiTamba Mt. Sasayama
(° C)
Warmest month25.9 (August)26.3 (August)25.7 (August)25.1 (August)26.2 (August)26.5 (August)
Coldest month4.2 (August)2.9 (August)2.2 (August)1.8 (August)2.8 (August)3.2 (August)
Precipitation amount
Most months255.6 (August)241.3 (August)206.6 (August)270.5 (August)228.6 (August)217.2 (August)201.0 (August)227.7 (August)
Minimum month104.1 (August)105.4 (August)81.5 (August)67.1 (August)89.0 (August)43.9 (August)37.5 (August)52.2 (August)
Number of days
Most months22.4 (August)20.8 (August)16.7 (August)14.1 (August)17.0 (January)12.7 (August)12.0 (August)13.3 (August)
Minimum month9.1 (August)9.3 (August)9.5 (August)9.4 (November)9.5 (August)7.8 (August)6.0 (August)8.4 (August)
Average price
HarimaHanshinAwaji Island
Shishiwa City
FukusakiKamigoriHimejiMikiAkashiMitaKobeAwaji City
(° C)
Warmest month25.4 (August)26.7 (August)26.4 (August)27.1 (August)26.5 (August)26.4 (August)27.6 (August)26.1 (August)28.0 (August)27.1 (August)26.3 (August)
Coldest month2.3 (August)3.3 (August)2.9 (August)4.0 (August)4.8 (August)3.5 (August)5.1 (August)2.3 (August)5.7 (August)5.4 (August)5.0 (August)
Precipitation amount
Most months272.8 (August)207.0 (August)179.1 (August)179.1 (August)157.4 (August)179.7 (August)148.2 (August)190.3 (August)189.6 (August)163.4 (August)224.2 (August)
Minimum month54.9 (August)35.8 (August)30.0 (August)34.5 (August)26.5 (August)32.4 (August)36.1 (August)33.2 (August)38.9 (August)34.0 (August)44.3 (August)
Number of days
Most months13.4 (August)12.1 (August)12.0 (August)11.3 (August)11.2 (August)11.8 (August)11.2 (August)11.6 (August)11.3 (August)12.0 (August)12.3 (January)
Minimum month7.5 (August)5.6 (November)4.7 (August)4.5 (August)4.4 (August)4.9 (August)5.3 (August)5.8 (August)4.8 (August)5.5 (August)5.2 (August)

Administrative division

There are 29 cities and 12 towns in the prefecture. In addition, the way to read the town is "chou". The village disappeared in 1962.

The following is a comprehensive set up by the prefecture for each regionOffice7 ofPrefectural bureauAnd 3 of "Citizens' Center[9]] Is described. The difference between the "Citizens' Bureau" and the "Citizens' Center" is that in areas where many businesses have been transferred from the prefecture, with ordinance-designated cities and core cities, the organization is slimmer than the "Citizens' Bureau" as the "Citizens' Bureau". ing. In addition,Estimated populationIs as of June 2021, 3[10]Of statistics.

Kobe area

Kobe prefectural center

Kobe prefectural centerThe following 1 city (9 wards) belongs to the jurisdiction, and the estimated population in the jurisdiction is 1,513,193.

Hanshin South Area

Hanshin Minami Prefectural Center

Hanshin Minami Prefectural CenterThe following three cities belong to the jurisdiction, and the estimated population in the jurisdiction is 3.

Hanshin North Area

Hanshin Kita Prefectural Bureau

Hanshin Kita Prefectural BureauThe following 4 cities and 1 town belong to the jurisdiction, and the estimated population in the jurisdiction is 713,467.

East Harima area

East Harima Prefectural Bureau

East Harima Prefectural BureauThe following 3 cities and 2 towns belong to the jurisdiction, with an estimated population of 711,484.

North Harima area

Kitaharima Prefectural Bureau

Kitaharima Prefectural BureauThe following 5 cities and 1 towns belong to the jurisdiction, with an estimated population of 262,295.

Nakaharima area

Nakaharima Prefectural Citizen Center

Nakaharima Prefectural Citizen CenterThe following 1 cities and 3 towns belong to the jurisdiction, with an estimated population of 568,319.

West Harima area

Nishiharima Prefectural Civic Bureau

Nishiharima Prefectural Civic BureauThe following 4 cities and 3 towns belong to the jurisdiction, with an estimated population of 244,555.

Tamba area

Tamba Prefectural Bureau

Tamba Prefectural BureauThe following two cities belong to the jurisdiction, with an estimated population of 2.

Tajima area

Tajima Prefectural Bureau

Tajima Prefectural BureauThe following 3 cities and 2 towns belong to the jurisdiction, with an estimated population of 156,321.

Awaji area

Awaji Prefectural Bureau

Awaji Prefectural BureauThe following two cities belong to the jurisdiction, with an estimated population of 3.


Hyogo Prefecture and Population Distribution by Age in Japan (2005)Hyogo Prefecture Age and Gender Population Distribution (2005)
■Green-All over Japan

Hyogo Prefecture Population Trend
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan


2018May 7The population of Hyogo prefecture at that time was 5487990.

Adjacent prefectures


A regulatory country equivalent to the prefecture area

By the second prefecture integration,SettsuWestern part of (Yabe-gun-Awara-gun-Muko-gun-Kawabe-Arima-gun),Tamba countrySouthwest of (Taki-gun-Hikami-gun),Tajima countryThe entire area ofHarima countryThe entire area ofAwaji countryCame to be composed of the whole area. at the same time,Kinai(Settsu country),Sanin road(Tamba country, Tajima country),Sanyo road(Harima country),Nankaido(Awaji Country) and 4 regions.

After that, there were two cross-border transfers from Okayama Prefecture.1896(Meiji29 years) in OkayamaYoshino-gunIshii VillageHyogoSayo-gunTransferred to Yoshino-gunSankanmuraLarge printNakayama is Sayo-gunEgawa VillageIs transferred toBeautiful landHas started to include a part of.1963(Showa38) in Okayama PrefectureWake-gunNissa TownFukuura (excluding Terayama in the north) is in Hyogo prefectureAko CityIs transferred toBizen countryHas started to include a part of.


Change of prefecture area

Chronological Table

Ancient times-early modern times


Bakumatsu to the end of the Pacific War

After the Pacific War


Prefectural government

Prefectural governor

Prefectural assembly


Heisei 19 year
  • Fiscal strength index 0.59
    • Group I (Financial Power Index 0.5 or more, less than 1.0) 17th out of 9 municipalities
Heisei 18 year
  • Fiscal strength index 0.53
    • Group I (Financial Power Index 0.5 or more, less than 1.0) 16th out of 14 municipalities
  • Standard financial scale 9461 billion yen
  • General account revenue 2 trillion yen
  • General account expenditure 2 trillion yen
  • Personnel expenses, property costs, etc. per capita settlement amount 1 yen (prefectural average 11 yen)
  • Number of employees per population 100.000 1,044.75 (prefectural average 1,173.11)
    • 2000From (12)2007In 19, reduction of 1,134 persons (12.0%) was carried out in the general administrative department.2008From (20) to 2018 (30), reduce by about 30% in general administrative departments.
  • Laspeyres index 100.9 (prefecture average 99.6)
  • Real debt service ratio 19.6% (3-year average, prefectural average 14.7) *It exceeds 18%, which requires a permit to issue bonds.
  • Per populationLocal bondCurrent amount 65 yen (prefectural average 9471 yen)

Balance of local bonds

  • Municipal bonds for ordinary account, current amount Â¥3 billion
  • Local bonds for special accounts other than the above, current amount of Â¥4306 billion
    • Regional maintenance business accounts for 1172 billion yen, basin sewer accounts for 1240 billion yen, etc. otherThird sectorEtc. (51 corporations), etc.
    • Main debt guarantees: Hyogo Midori Corporation Â¥187 billion, Hyogo Industrial Revitalization Center Â¥143 billion, Hyogo Housing Supply Corporation Â¥203 billion, Hyogo Road Corporation Â¥161 billion
Heisei 17 year
  • Fiscal strength index: 0.49
    • II Group (Financial Power Index 0.4 or more, less than 0.5) 8th among 1 municipalities
Heisei 16 year
  • Fiscal strength index: 0.47
    • II Group (Financial Power Index 0.4 or more, less than 0.5) 10th among 4 municipalities

U5H project

U5H projectWas established in order to rediscover the "hometown" in Hyogo by individuals and individuals involved in Hyogo.Hyogo officialIs a project[13].."U5H" at the beginning is an abbreviation for "United 5koku of Hyogo". 5koku (five countries) is described in detail below.

5koku (5 countries)
  • It used to be a hub for the Japan-Song trade, and became a port representing Japan after the Meiji Restoration.Settsu(Kobe/Hanshin).
  • It was a good port of the Sea of ​​Japan and prospered as a "wind-waiting/tide-waiting" port for Kitamae ships in the Edo period.Tajima country.
  • Hyogo Prefecture, on the contrary, it is depicted at the beginning of "Kojiki" as the beginning of Japan.Awaji country.
  • Even in Hyogo Prefecture, which boasts the number of old burial mounds in Japan, many remains from the Paleolithic period remain.Harima country.
  • Large-scale burial mounds, Paleolithic sites, and even Cretaceous Tamba dragon dating back 1 million years were discovered.Tamba country.

National politics

House of Representatives OfSmall districtIs 12.House of CouncilorsThen, 1 ward is constructed in all prefectures.


A company headquartered in Hyogo Prefecture

Companies that have factories in the prefecture

Life and transportation




Contact within the prefecture
Contact with neighboring prefectures
Wide area communication


toll road
Free road
National road
Prefectural road


Businesses are generally divided between Kobe City and Hanshin, Harima, Tajima, and Awaji Island, but Kobe City is located in Awaji Island due to the opening of the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge.ShikokuToExpress BusHas developed, and many routes will extend to areas that cannot be covered by rail alone. In contrast to the urban Hanshin area, there are many depopulated routes such as Tajima. There were many public enterprises,Himeji City Bus,Akashi City Transportation Department,Amagasaki City Transportation BureauHas been withdrawn and has been transferred to the private sector. The main operators are as follows.



At one time, there were many connecting routes to Awaji Island and Shikoku, but many of them ended their role with the opening of the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge. However, long-distance ferries to and from Japan still depart and arrive at Kobe Port. Of the routes below, the ones that are not mentioned are ferries.

Domestic short-distance routes
Domestic medium/long haul routes
International route
  • Kobe Port - Shanghai(China-Japan International Wheel Pass)
  • Kobe Port - Tianjin(China Express Line)


Medical and welfare

Disaster base hospital


  • Hyogo has always beenEducationRegarding otherMunicipalitiesHas a different trait.
  • head teacherUnder the supervision of the school, it is responsible for promoting smooth school management and improving the qualities and abilities of teachers, etc.Chief TeacherWe have set up a job floor.
  • If you show it to elementary and junior high school students in the prefecture, the target facilities in the prefecture will be free.Hyogoko Kocolon CardIs being distributed.
  • Nature schoolThe prefecture promotes (forest and seaside schools) for fifth grade elementary school students. Subsidies are delivered to municipalities for 5 days. (6 days from 2010)
  • Try and WeekFor a week to experience work for junior high school students. It is a long term compared to other prefectures.
  • Other methods for entrance examinations at public high schoolsBoard of educationIt is called "Hyogo method" because it is different from.


National public university
private university
Women's University/Junior College

Vocational school

College of technology
Vocational school

Other education

Special school
high school
Junior high school
primary school

Mass media

Newspaper company

  • Kobe newspaper
    • Daily Sports(Headquarters. Until the company was absorbed by the Kobe Shimbun in March 2010,West Japan(The address of the Osaka headquarters, not the Kobe headquarters, was printed on one side of the page, but now the address of the Kobe headquarters is listed.)
  • Nihonkai newspaper
Shin Onsen TownHas a branch office and publishes newspapers for the Tajima region. In addition,2000In April (12), a branch office was opened in Himeji City and a Harima edition was issued.Osaka Nichi-Nichi NewspaperIs a subsidiary of the company (2008(20) Merged with The Press Osaka on February 2stSea of ​​JapanIt will be closed in September of the same year because it became a morning newspaper. There is a theory that the people involved in editing this Himeji branch (Harima version) were involved in the business integration with Osaka-Japan. Currently, "Osaka Nichiichi Shimbun"Kobe City-Amagasakiな どKeihanshinThe spot sale is sold in the commuting area.

TV station

Broadcast areaKinkiWide areaBelong to.

The following is HyogoPrefectural broadcastBureau
Education tv TheNHK Osaka Broadcasting Station(Remote control key ID 2 ch ) Has been the target area for broadcasting.
Independent station.Osaka Bay-Osaka PlainIn addition to being available for viewing in most areas of Osaka Prefecture,Cable TVRe-broadcasting outside of the area allows for widespread viewing.

Osaka Prefectural BureauTV Osaka(TXNCan be received directly in the Hanshin area centering on Amagasaki city and Itami city, and some areas of Kobe city, etc., but basically broadcasting in TV Osaka in Hyogo prefecture is allowed by the current law. In addition, there is no prefectural broadcasting station Sun TVVarious circumstancesBecause TXN series programs cannot be broadcast due to, TXN series programs that are normally broadcast on terrestrial waves in 46 prefectures[Annotation 5]However, there is a problem that it cannot be viewed only in Hyogo prefecture. About TXN series, mainly in Harima areaTV setCan be viewed, but there is a risk that it will not be displayed due to weather conditions. More than half of the prefectureCable TVAlthough it has been rebroadcast outside the area of ​​TV Osaka in the station, it is not subject to rebroadcasting in the northern part of the prefecture such as Toyooka city and Shin Onsen town due to topographical problems, and it is also re-run in a part of the southwestern part of Shiwa prefecture such as Shishiwa city. Broadcasting has been put off.

Harima NadaIn the southwest part of the prefecture alongBroadcasting stations in Okayama prefecture and Kagawa prefectureThere are areas that can be received. In these areas1969Until (44)NHK Okayama Broadcasting Station,Nishinippon broadcasting,Sanyo Broadcasting) Only received.

In some parts of the north (Shin Onsen Town, Bikata District, Kami Town, etc.),Tottori-Shimane TV station (Nippon Sea TV,NHK Tottori Broadcasting Station,Sanin Broadcasting,San-in Central TV) Is available in some areas. This area also1968Until (Showa 43), we could only receive NHK Tottori Broadcasting Station and Nihonkai TV. Shiwa City Haga-choTogura PassIn some of the areas, there are areas that can receive San'in broadcasting among the commercial broadcasters in Tottori and Shimane prefectures. Therefore, in these areas, it is possible to watch programs that the Kinki area wide area station of the same series is not online.

other,Wakayama OfNHK Wakayama synthesisとTV WakayamaCan be received in parts of Kobe City and Awaji Island, and in southern Awaji Island (Minamiawaji City),TokushimaBroadcast station (Shikoku BroadcastingとNHK Tokushima Broadcasting Station) Can be received at some places. Also, with the eastern part of the prefectureTamba cityPart ofNHK Kyoto synthesisとKBS KyotoThere is a place where you can receive.

Cable TV

Cable TV station in HyogoSee.

Radio stations

Although the broadcasting area belongs to the Kinki wide area, 3 stations in Osaka (MBS Radio-ABC Radio-Radio Osaka) Is poor reception because there is no relay station in the north.

Even in the south, reception is not good especially in the Harima area. However, good reception of Shikoku Broadcasting in Tokushima Prefecture is possible mainly in the south.

Although the area is limited, in the south, Okayama Prefecture Sanyo Broadcasting, Kagawa Prefecture West Japan Broadcasting, and Wakayama PrefectureWakayama Broadcasting, In the northShimane ・It is possible to receive San'in broadcasting in Tottori prefecture.

FM OSAKAand,FM802Is harder to get west and north. In Nishiwaki City and the surrounding area,Kiss FM KOBEThe reception is not good, but the reception itself is possible. In a part of the northern part (Shin-Onsen Town/Kami Town),V-airAre available in some areas. Between HanshinTamba city,ToyookaThen.Kyoto Ofα-STATIONCan be heard in many areas.

Incidentally,radikoWith the start of the operation, the 3 stations of AM/FM in Osaka, Radio Kansai, and Kiss FM KOBE will be able to listen via the Internet throughout the prefecture even if radio waves cannot be received.

Traditionally,Broadcast target areaAs for the private broadcasting stations, all of the three, medium wave (AM), ultra-high frequency (FM), and television (TV) were independent broadcasting stations.2003In 15, Kiss-FM KOBE joined JFN. With this, all three prefectures with independent broadcasting stationsKanagawaIt became only. Kiss-FM KOBE can be heard in most parts of Osaka Prefecture, and there are no commercial FM stations yet.NaraThere are many listeners outside the prefecture.


Hyogo Prefecture is a collection of regions with different history,Customs,CustomCan see the difference. The sense of solidarity as a Hyogo citizen is not so strong, and it becomes the center of each area, such as Kobe City, Himeji City, Toyooka City, and Osaka City adjacent to the Hanshin area.Metropolitan areaHave a sense of belonging to. Therefore,Hyogo citizensIs rarely called. In fact, the Kenjinkai is also different in each region from where it originates (Tokyo Awaji Kai, Osaka Tajimajinkai, Kanto Hikami/Takigun Goyukai, etc.)[15].


dialectThere are various differences. In the southern part of the prefectureKinki dialect(Kansai dialect) is used, but in the northern part of the prefectureChinese dialectIsTajima dialectIs used. The dialects of the southern part of the prefecture are also in the Harima area, which was influenced by the Chinese dialect.Banshu dialect,Osaka DialentOf the Hanshin areaSettsu dialect, A dialect in between Banshu-ben and Settsu-ben, used mainly in KobeKobe dialect,Kyoto languageDraw the flow ofTamba dialect,AwabenOn Awaji IslandAwaji valve, And divided into small pieces.

Food culture:

local cuisine

Traditional crafts

Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
Traditional crafts


サ ッ カ ー
American Football
Membership is the Osaka Prefecture Volleyball Association.
Membership isHisamitsu PharmaceuticalSaga Volleyball Association with its head office. The practice base of the team isDaieiOrange attackersIt is located in Nishi Ward, the city of Kobe.
A sports club based in Hyogo prefecture in the past
Hankyu Braves -> Based in Nishinomiya City during the Orix Braves era, and based in Kobe City during the Orix Blue Wave era.Osaka Kintetsu BuffaloesAfter being merged with the current Orix Buffaloes,2005As a provisional measure for three years from (17)Osaka=Osaka DomeIt was a double franchise with (Kyocera Dome Osaka),2008(20) (Actually2007(19)) After that, it was integrated into Osaka. But,KobeIn order to secure fans in Hyogo prefecture, including, about 20 games a year are held in Hyogo prefecture as a quasi-base. Also, the second army will be in Kobe until 2016KitaWas based in.
  • Kobe 9 Cruise(Kobe City: Kansai Independent League (first generation))
The player was transferred to Hyogo Blue Thunders, and the league participation rights were transferred to Forest Home in Yokohama City to become Kobe Sands.
The above three teams are officially inactive.
Sanyo Electric RailwayWas a baseball professional baseball team and was an independent two-team baseball team with no single army in history.
After leaving the club in 2009, Rokko Sharks accepted the players and resumed activities as Rokko Fighting Bull.Top westNo residue was allowed.
The female division of Kobe FC was the mother, and laterTasaki PearlManagement is transferred to and participates in the Japan Women's Soccer League.2008(20), due to management deterioration of Tasaki Pearl, withdrawal from the league and transfer of players disbanded.
Hisamitsu PharmaceuticalMerged with Tosu Springs to become Hisamitsu Pharmaceutical Springs.
TochigiNikkoAt the same time, Kobe City has been a sub-home town since 2005, but due to the change of operating company2007Withdrew from Kobe in 19 and returned to Nikko Icebacks. However, holding in Kobe continues.
2013 dissolution


Tangible cultural property building

List of designated cultural properties in Hyogo,Kinki historical site list # Hyogo prefectureSee also

world Heritage
National treasure
Important traditional buildings preservation area

Designation system based on prefecture landscape regulations

Cultural facility

Works set in Hyogo Prefecture

Works taken in Hyogo Prefecture

Since Hyogo Prefecture has various landscapes, it actively cooperates with many video industries.


(See also below for movie works made in Takarazuka)
(See also below for works made in Nishinomiya and Ashiya during the Taisho era and before the war)

TV drama

In historical drama etc., the images of "Himeji Castle" are often used as "Edo Castle".

TV commercial

  • Yuko and Tatsuya Hanshin Line Story (2014)

Hanshin Electric RailwayIt is a TV commercial of.

People from Hyogo Prefecture


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ However, it has not been played at all until now in the prefecture until 2014.Prefectural songWas denied the fact that[1].. Since 2006, mainly as an unofficial songFurusato HyogoIs being played.
  2. ^ However, the regions corresponding to MimasakaYoshino-gunFrom (Mimasaka Country, Okayama Prefecture)Sayo-gunIt has been in the form of a transfer to (Harima country, Hyogo prefecture), and there is a view that it will be included in Harima country from then on.
  3. ^ Yugoslavia said, "7 borders (neighbors, anxiety), 6 republics, 5 ethnic groups, 4 languages, 3 religions, 2 letters, 1 federal state (1Tito)” was described. In a form similar to this, Hyogo Prefecture is described as "7 prefectural borders, 6 dialects, 5Old country, 4 Shinkansen stations, 3 airports, 2 seas, 1 prefecture"[2]
  4. ^ Most of the airport premises is Hyogo PrefectureItami CityBelong to.
  5. ^ Even in prefectures without TXN affiliatesProgram salesIs being broadcast byGood luck!''Pokemon''Yokai watch"Such.