Portal field news

Portal field news


🏛 | Governor Yoshimura Urgent Declaration 17 days "Osaka is the toughest. It will be difficult to make dramatic improvements."

Photo Hirofumi Yoshimura Governor of Osaka Prefecture = 19th

Governor Yoshimura Urgent Declaration 17 days "Osaka is the toughest. It will be difficult to make dramatic improvements."

If you write the contents roughly
Regarding the third state of emergency, which was the first day of the day due to the spread of the new coronavirus infection, experts pointed out that it would be difficult to obtain clear results within the scheduled 3 days, and said, "We decided on 17 days first. Therefore, we ask for a fairly strong measure during this period.

Governor Hirofumi Yoshimura of Osaka Prefecture will appear on Fuji TV "Mr. Sunday" on the 25th.Same as with the spread of new coronavirus infection ... → Continue reading

 Daily sports entertainment

From the daily sports news site, Daily Sports online (DailySportsOnline), which delivers the latest news, we will pick up and deliver the latest entertainment information (breaking news) and special information! For news about entertainment, rely on Daily Sports online.

Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Emergency declaration

Emergency declaration(Hijojitai Sengen) orEmergency declarationWhat is (Kinkyuji Taisengen)?Natural disasters,Infection(Epidemic-Disease)ofPandemic,Nuclear accidentSuch asdisasterAnd戦 争,terrorism,Civil strife,MayhemSuch,Health-life-property-EnvironmentDanger is imminentEmergency(Emergency)Country-Region Of政府(Local governmentEtc.)decreeTo activate a special authority based onpublicIt is to proclaim and declare such a situation in order to call attention to.

About the name

Current,Japanese lawThe basic wording ofEmergency(Emergency)"·"Emergency declarationDespite being unified as "Kinkyuji Taisengen", due to customs from the wording of the provisions of the former Japanese law, "(Kinkyuji Taisengen)" is used in foreign languages.emergency"Or"state of emergency"Emergency situation" and "Emergency declaration" are sometimes used in the media etc. as a Japanese translation of "," etc. It has the same meaning as "statement of emergency".


Measures includePolicemen-軍隊(in Japan's case,SDF)SuchCivil servantMobilization ofPublic financeCondemnation of an emergencycommandPromulgation of government ordinances superior to the law and suspension of constitutional human rights guaranteesWritIn addition to allowing arrests and home searches that do not depend on the media,Freedom of assemblyな どLibertyThere can be restrictions. But,Japan,アイス ランドAnd someCountry ruled by lawThen, there are some cases where the request is almost unenforceable.

in Japan,1954Old until (Showa 29)Police lawAuthority to proclaim a "national emergency" under Article 62Prime MinisterWas given to the currentPolice lawbased onEmergency DeclarationOther than that,Disaster Countermeasures Basic Lawbased onDeclaration of a disaster emergency,New influenza measures special measures lawbased onPandemic influenza etc.And so onPrime MinisterIs announced.

The United States of AmericaThen,PresidentIt is not uncommon to declare a state of emergency, but it is declared when the assets are frozen under the authority of the president as "a threat from foreign countries" (For example, in November 2018, an anti-government demonstration was announced. Central America suppressed by forceEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euTo see the turmoil as an American security threat and freeze the assets of those who undermine security and democracyDonald Trump(Proclaimed by the President) and othersterrorism,InfectionIs also declared to correspond to[1].. In the United States, vs. 1979(I.e.Approximately 30 declarations, including asset freezes, are reported to be valid as of February 2019 in US media[1].

FranceThen in 2015Paris terrorist attacksでFrancois HollandeAnnounced by the President and extended until October 2017, 10[2][3].

In a similar situation, “national legislation, judiciary, administrationControlPart or all ofMilitary"Transfer to"Martial"[4].

List of National Emergency Situations

Here, as mentioned above, declarations with names which are almost synonymous with each other, such as "emergency declaration" and "emergency order", are also described.

Before the 20th century

2000 era

2010 era

2020 era

Invocation from outside the nation

Federal systemCountries andDecentralizationIn advanced countries,Local governmentMay be authorized to declare an emergency. Also, although the special law does not come into effect,International organization,armyHas established effective controlArmed organizationMay make a declaration for the purpose of calling attention.

International organization

It is an international organizationFlag of WHO.svg WHOIt is,2005Since then, in response to a large-scale epidemic,Public health emergencies of international concernIs to be declared. The example of activation is "#Notification/designationSee.

Local Government/Local Government


Armed organization

  • Yemen flag Yemen : 2017May, armed organization of the countryFuchsia choleraDeclaration of “emergency situation” based on the seriousness of the epidemic[237].


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ at that timeThe United KingdomAlthough he was a territory, he had already obtained the autonomy of internal affairs.
  2. ^ New influenza measures special measures lawDate of emergency declaration by.Historical emergencyToMay 3However, the declaration date is generally treated as April 4.
  3. ^ As of the beginning of April 4, the scope of issuance is 7 city, 1 prefecture and 1 prefectures (Tokyo,Osaka,Kanagawa,Saitama,Chiba,Hyogo,Fukuoka) Was,May 4And expanded to all other prefectures, totaling 47PrefecturesBecame the scope of official announcement[179].. afterwardsMay 539 prefectures (other than 1 city, 1 road, 2 prefectures and 4 prefectures, which will be described later)May 5In Osaka prefecture, Hyogo prefecture,KyotoBut,May 5Tokyo, Kanagawa, Saitama, Chiba,HokkaidoHave been released respectively.
  4. ^ Date of declaration. It will be activated at 9:0 on the XNUMXth of the following day.
  5. ^ As of the beginning of January 1, the scope of the announcement was 8 metropolitan area and 1 prefectures (Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa).May 1ToTochigi,Aichi,Gifu, Kyoto prefecture, Osaka prefecture, Hyogo prefecture, Fukuoka prefecture.afterwardsMay 2Tochigi prefectureMay 2Aichi prefecture, Gifu prefecture, Kyoto prefecture, Osaka prefecture, Hyogo prefecture, Fukuoka prefecture were canceled respectively.[202][203]..The remaining 1 metropolitan area and 3 prefectures (Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa)May 3Until.
  6. ^ As of the beginning of April 4, the scope of the announcement was 25 metropolitan area, 1 prefectures and 2 prefecture (Tokyo, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyogo).May 5In Aichi and Fukuoka prefecturesMay 5To Hokkaido,Okayama,HiroshimaAlso,May 5ToOkinawaWas also expanded.All periodsMay 6Scheduled up to.


  1. ^ a b "President Trump has declared three emergency situations". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 2019th of February 2Browse.
  2. ^ "That emergency situations become everyday”(May 2016, 11). 2017th of February 4Browse.
  3. ^ "After 2 years, France lifts the declaration of emergency 6 times due to terrorism”. TV Asahi (September 2017, 11). 2019th of February 7Browse.
  4. ^ “Kotoba Commentary: Difference between “Emergency Declaration” and “Martial Law””. Mainichi Newspapers(July 2015, 12). https://mainichi.jp/articles/20151203/mul/00m/030/00700sc 2017th of February 7Browse. 
  5. ^ Conceicao. "The 13th May 1969 (Kuala Lumpur) Disturbances", pp. 112—113
  6. ^ Weird fashion situation in "Singapore" that Japanese people have difficulty understanding
  7. ^ Question on the Special Measures Act concerning the implementation of humanitarian reconstruction support activities and security assurance support activities in Iraq-House of Representatives 国会House of Representatives: 2004 (Heisei16 years) April 11
  8. ^ State of emergency issuance, confusion overwhelming new government process-Bangladesh AFP (January 2008, 1)
  9. ^ Prime Minister declares emergency, 46 dead in Greek wildfire expansion AFP (January 2008, 8)
  10. ^ President of Pakistan declares emergency and dismisses Supreme Court Reuters Communication (November 2008, 11)
  11. ^ Georgia's state of emergency declared canceled before 22 days of parliamentary approval AFP (January 2008, 11)
  12. ^ Fiji: Heavy rain in western Viti Levu Embassy of Japan in Fiji
  13. ^ Chad issues a national emergency declaration AFP (January 2008, 2)
  14. ^ Declaration of emergency in Mongolia, due to riot over general election Reuters Communication (November 2008, 7)
  15. ^ Zimbabwe declares emergency, cholera dead over 560 Reuters Communication (November 2008, 12)
  16. ^ Hurricane "Ida" hits Central America, killing 124 people in El Salvador AFP (January 2009, 11)
  17. ^ State of emergency declared by police station attack Jamaica Nippon Television News
  18. ^ Eruption of volcanic eruptions in Guatemala and Ecuador, Latin America Rescue Now
  19. ^ Kyrgyz clash, over 80 dead, second emergency state declaration -(June 2010, 6) AFP
  20. ^ Spanish controller abandons all workplaces, declares emergency -AFP News
  21. ^ “Tunisia State of Emergency Declaration 5 Demonstrations, Cabinet Resignation”. 47NEWS (Kyodo News). (November 2011, 1). http://www.47news.jp/CN/201101/CN2011011401001065.html 2011th of February 1Browse. 
  22. ^ Yemen declares state of emergency Security forces fire on demonstrators(March 2011, 3) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  23. ^ (Untitled)(August 2011, 8) Embassy of Japan in Trinidad and Tobago
  24. ^ Tuvalu Crisis Due to Global Warming Water Shortage Government Declares State of Emergency(October 2011, 10) Excite News
  25. ^ State of emergency declared in western Myanmar, religious confrontation worsens(June 2012, 6) Reuters News
  26. ^ Mali declares state of emergency across France France dispatches troops CNN (January 2013, 1)
  27. ^ Egyptian president declares emergency in three provinces after riot after soccer trial AFP (January 2013, 1)
  28. ^ Meteorite falls in Russia, 500 people are injured Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2013, 2)
  29. ^ Declaration of state of emergency in the three northeastern states-No effect on Lagos- JETRO (June 2013, 6)
  30. ^ Emergency assistance for cyclone damage in the Kingdom of Tonga Ministry of Foreign Affairs (January 2014, 1)
  31. ^ Floods in Serbia kill three people "worst natural disaster" AFP (January 2014, 5)
  32. ^ Rod Mac Johnson (August 2014, 8). “Sierra Leone declares emergency with spread of Ebola infection”. AFP. AFPBB News. オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 8.. http://archive.is/zOZcP 2014th of February 10Browse. 
  33. ^ “Ebola, Liberia declares emergency”. AFP. AFPBB News. (August 2014, 8). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 8.. http://archive.is/foXQW 2014th of February 10Browse. 
  34. ^ “Nigeria also declares an emergency” Third country due to Ebola outbreak”. Kyodo News. 47NEWS(November 2014, 8). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 10.. https://web.archive.org/web/20141010214834/http://www.47news.jp/CN/201408/CN2014080901001053.html 2014th of February 10Browse. 
  35. ^ “Guinea declares emergency with spread of Ebola infection”. AFP. AFPBB News. (August 2014, 8). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 8.. http://archive.is/rhG9a 2014th of February 10Browse. 
  36. ^ Niger declares state of emergency Boko Haram's offensive AFP (February 2015, 2) Ryukyu Shimpo
  37. ^ UNICEF decides to provide US$60 assistance to Japanese government, Vanuatu, Kiribati, Solomon Islands, and Tuvalu damaged by Cyclone Pam UNICEF (March 2015, 3)
  38. ^ Ebola fears reignite, Guinea declares "emergency" AFP (January 2015, 3)
  39. ^ Typhoon damage in the Federated States of Micronesia (issue of sympathy messages from Prime Minister Abe and Foreign Minister Kishida) (April 2015, 4) Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  40. ^ President of Tunisia announces 30-day declaration of emergency AFP (July 2015, 7) Huff Post
  41. ^ Myanmar flood 47 dead, 21 affected(2015 8 年 月 日 3)
  42. ^ "Simultaneous terrorist attacks in Paris: suicide bombing and 120 shooting deaths”. Mainichi Shimbun (December 2015, 11). 2015th of February 11Browse.
  43. ^ Terror in Tunisia's capital kills 12 presidential declaration Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2015, 11)
  44. ^ Immigration/Refugee Issues: Issuance of Emergency Declaration Embassy of Japan in Hungary (March 2016, 3)
  45. ^ Declaration of health emergency due to Zika fever (Marshall Islands) PIC (April 2016, 4)
  46. ^ Emergency assistance for drought damage in the Republic of Palau Ministry of Foreign Affairs (January 2016, 4)
  47. ^ Iraq and Shiite demonstrators declare parliamentary emergency Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2016, 5)
  48. ^ President Venezuela declares emergency, "US plans to overthrow government" Reuters Communication (November 2016, 5)
  49. ^ Turkish President announces state of emergency Coup attempt BBC NEWS JAPAN (July 2016, 7)
  50. ^ Ethiopia declares emergency situation Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2015, 10)
  51. ^ Bolivia South America declares emergency due to drought worst in 25 years AFP (January 2016, 11)
  52. ^ Gambia crisis, neighboring countries temporarily dispatch new president inauguration ceremony in Senegal AFP (January 2017, 1)
  53. ^ State of emergency declared in western Niger attacked by Islamic extremists in Mali AFP (January 2017, 3)
  54. ^ Colombian Debris Flow declares emergency BBC (April 2017, 4)
  55. ^ Egypt continuous explosion, 44 deaths Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2017, 4)
  56. ^ Moldova Weekly Report [April 4-16] Embassy of Japan in Moldova (May 2017, 5)
  57. ^ Barbuda, hit by a hurricane, unmanned for the first time in 300 years CNN (January 2017, 9)
  58. ^ Emergency assistance for volcanic eruption damage in Vanuatu Ministry of Foreign Affairs (January 2017, 10)
  59. ^ State of emergency against Madagascar plague Nihombashi Yumeya (October 2017, 10) Read December 4, 2017
  60. ^ Declaration of emergency in Central America Honduras, violence demonstration after presidential election AFP (December 2017, 12) Read December 3, 2017
  61. ^ Declaration of emergency in Jamaica's second largest city, frequent murder calls alert tourists AFP (December 2018, 1) Read December 21, 2018
  62. ^ Maldives Emergency Situation Cancellation(March 2018, 3) Nihombashi Yumeya
  63. ^ Bolivian domestic affairs and diplomacy (February 2018)(March 2018, 3) Embassy of Japan in Bolivia
  64. ^ Tonga approaching a powerful cyclone declares an emergency(February 2018, 2) AFP
  65. ^ Sri Lanka is the epitome of a world that leans to the right-emergency statement due to delay in hate speech regulation(March 2018, 3) Yahoo! News
  66. ^ Two people dead, three missing in Oman after cyclone(June 2018, 5) Reuters News
  67. ^ State of emergency declared in the Highlands (Papua New Guinea)(June 2018, 6) PIC
  68. ^ Hawaii approaching hurricane, president declares emergency AFP (January 2018, 8)
  69. ^ Issuance of Emergency Situation (Belize City) Embassy of Japan in Jamaica (September 2018, 9)
  70. ^ Cholera expanded in Zimbabwe, 20 dead, state of emergency declared in capital CNN (January 2018, 9)
  71. ^ Burkina Faso Issuance of Emergency Declaration Nihombashi Yumeya (January 2019, 1)
  72. ^ "A lot of ferocious polar bears roam... Declaration of emergency on Russian island”. AFP (July 2019, 2). 2019th of February 2Browse.
  73. ^ "U.S. Trump administration to declare state of emergency for construction of" border wall "". NHK News (NHK). https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20190215/k10011815671000.html 2019th of February 2Browse. 
  74. ^ Gold mine inundation, 24 deaths declared state of emergency Mainichi Newspaper (a 2019th, 19)
  75. ^ Sudanese Parliament Approves Presidential Declaration of Emergency AFP (January 2019, 3)
  76. ^ Cyclone damage and Malawi Seibo Japan (April 2019, 4)
  77. ^ UN WFP strengthens emergency response to cyclones and floods in Mozambique WFP (March 2019, 3)
  78. ^ Sri Lanka declares emergency, terrorist attacks, dead 310 Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2019, 4)
  79. ^ Honduras dengue fever declared emergency declaration Nihombashi Yumeya (January 2019, 6)
  80. ^ Details of areas subject to emergency declaration Embassy of Japan in Jamaica (September 2019, 7)
  81. ^ Information on the issuance of hygiene emergency declarations against Zika virus infection and dengue in Peru Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare Quarantine Station (August 2019, 8)
  82. ^ Wildfire state of emergency announced on an island in eastern Greece TV Tokyo News (August 2019, 8)
  83. ^ Bananas disappear from the table? New Panama disease goes to South America Nationalism (August 2019, 8)
  84. ^ State of emergency in eastern Chad = President due to intensified collision JIJI (August 2019, 8)
  85. ^ State of emergency declared in Bolivia due to forest fire sputnik japan (August 2019, 8)
  86. ^ Hurricane, Florida landing on the 2nd or declaration of emergency(March 2019, 8) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  87. ^ Guatemala Calling attention to the state of emergency -Nihonbashi Yumeya
  88. ^ Regarding the issuance of an emergency situation declaration following the radicalization of the Ecuador strike(March 2019, 10) Nihombashi Yumeya
  89. ^ "State of emergency declared in Chile's capital, violence over subway fares”. AFP (July 2019, 10). 2019th of February 11Browse.
  90. ^ Bolivia, presidential election declared emergency situation suspected of intervention(March 2019, 10) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  91. ^ Israel bombs Gaza and announces emergency(November 2019, 11) TRT
  92. ^ Congo (joint) monthly report November 2019
  93. ^ Extension of the emergency declaration Travel Sun
  94. ^ Albanian earthquake continues to rescue 28 dead(November 2019, 11) JIJI
  95. ^ Eastern Kingston Area Emergency Declaration Target Area Map (Issued January 2020, 1)(Jan 2020, 1) Embassy of Japan in Jamaica
  96. ^ "Italy declares emergency with new coronavirus, first domestic infection confirmed“Reuters” May 2020, 1.2020th of February 2Browse.
  97. ^ Micronesia Presidential Office Declaration of Emergency for New Coronavirus(March 2020, 2) Nihombashi Yumeya
  98. ^ Marshall Suspension of air and sea routes with China, Hong Kong and Macau(March 2020, 2) Nihombashi Yumeya
  99. ^ South Korea declares emergency due to spread of coronavirus(March 2020, 3) ParsToday
  100. ^ Declaration of emergency due to new pneumonia in Herat, Afghanistan(March 2020, 3) ParsToday
  101. ^ Presidential Emergency Order in Bishkek Embassy of Japan in Kyrgyzstan
  102. ^ Declaration of emergency in all three Baltic countries and restrictions on foreign entry(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  103. ^ Declaration of emergency in France following pandemic of new coronavirus(March 2020, 3) ParsToday
  104. ^ Measures for new coronavirus infection by the Guatemalan government (general)(Read April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Guatemala
  105. ^ COVID19 Related Information 7(March 2020, 3) Viking Co., Ltd.
  106. ^ "Hungary declares an emergency Situation ban on new viruses such as Italy”(Japanese). NHK News. 2020th of February 4Browse.
  107. ^ Confirmed first person infected with new coronavirus, issued national emergency declaration(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  108. ^ Argentinian flight stop from Europe and America in new Corona(March 2020, 3) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  109. ^ "Czech Republic declares emergency Slovakia closes border". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 2020th of February 4Browse.
  110. ^ Even in Venezuela in South America, the new Corona economic collapse makes it difficult to prevent(March 2020, 3) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  111. ^ New Coronavirus: Latvian Government Declares Emergency Situation(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Latvia
  112. ^ "Trump declares emergency with new Corona”(Japanese). www.afpbb.com. 2020th of February 3Browse.
  113. ^ Confirmed the first new corona infection in Uruguay, currency depreciation(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  114. ^ Estonian Government Announces Emergency Situation Regarding New Corona Infection(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Estonia
  115. ^ "Spain declares emergency to reduce spread". NHK News. 2020th of February 4Browse.
  116. ^ National Emergency Declaration on the New Coronavirus in Panama(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Panama
  117. ^ New Coronavirus-related information (extension of the expiration date of measures to spread infection accompanying declaration of emergency)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Bulgaria
  118. ^ Issuance of emergency declaration regarding the new coronavirus(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in El Salvador
  119. ^ [Poland] Prohibition of entry by foreigners-With the spread of coronavirus infection [Declaration of emergency](March 2020, 3) European navigation
  120. ^ Coronavirus infection (Honduras: Stay-at-home order issued: As of 3:16 pm on March 9)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Honduras
  121. ^ "Libya declares emergency situation Temporary administration, airports etc closed”(Japanese). Tokyo Newspaper. 2020th of February 3Browse.
  122. ^ "State of emergency declared in Kazakhstan Concerns over spread of infection in Central Africa". NHK News. 2020th of February 4Browse.
  123. ^ Information on new coronaviruses in Slovakia (declaration of emergency, etc.)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Slovakia
  124. ^ "Status of new coronaviruses in Serbia (PDF)”. Embassy of Japan in Serbia. 2020th of February 3Browse.
  125. ^ First community-acquired president declares emergency(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  126. ^ New Coronavirus in Peru (National Emergency Ordinance-Part 2)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Peru
  127. ^ "South Africa National Emergency Situation Prohibition of entry from Italy". NHK News. 2020th of February 4Browse.
  128. ^ Alert regarding the new coronavirus (9: State of emergency)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Maldives
  129. ^ Lebanon defaults, state of emergency declared against coronavirus, major airports closed(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  130. ^ Armenian government declares emergency against new coronavirus(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  131. ^ New coronavirus (situation until 6:16 on the XNUMXth)(May 2020, 5) Embassy of Japan in Ecuador
  132. ^ Announcement of the National Emergency Declaration in Costa Rica(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Costa Rica
  133. ^ Switzerland also declares an emergency situation: store bans, entry restrictions(March 2020, 3) Tokyo Shimbun
  134. ^ Lebanon, Jordan, and Sudan are limited to economic activities due to extension of international flight suspension and outing restrictions(March 2020, 4) JETRO
  135. ^ New coronavirus infectious disease (restriction on night out due to public health emergency)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Paraguay
  136. ^ Finnish government declares emergency with new coronavirus measures(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  137. ^ "Romanian government announces emergency”(Japanese). Business report. 2020th of February 3Browse.
  138. ^ New Coronavirus Information (South Africa, Eswatini, Lesotho Information)(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in South Africa
  139. ^ The government issued an emergency declaration and announced 10 economic measures(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  140. ^ New Coronavirus Measures (Sao Tome and Principe: Emergency State Declaration on Public Health dated 17th)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Gabon
  141. ^ Namibia Monthly Report (March 2020)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Namibia
  142. ^ Information on the new coronavirus in Palau (March 3th)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Palau
  143. ^ Alert about new coronavirus(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Luxembourg
  144. ^ Australia's "emergency declaration" de facto ban on new corona(March 2020, 3) Sankei Biz
  145. ^ [Emergency] [New Coronavirus] Declaration of emergency(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Macedonia
  146. ^ Declaration of emergency due to expansion of new coronavirus infection, impact on Japanese companies due to blockade of some local governments(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  147. ^ New Coronavirus Information (South Africa, Eswatini, Lesotho Information)(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in South Africa
  148. ^ Issuance of a curfew by the government of the Dominican Republic(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in the Dominican Republic
  149. ^ Haiti first confirmed new coronavirus infected person(March 2020, 3) Nihombashi Yumeya
  150. ^ Alert about new coronavirus (partial relaxation of emergency orders)(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Samoa
  151. ^ About National Restrictions Notice(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Tonga
  152. ^ New coronavirus (infection control measures in the Bahamas)(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Bahamas
  153. ^ "New Coronavirus Brazil declares emergency". NHK News. 2020th of February 4Browse.
  154. ^ Regarding the National Disaster Declaration by President Mutarika(2020 March 3) Embassy of Japan in Malawi
  155. ^ New coronavirus (sanitary emergency, long-term stay, health consultation)(2020 March 3) Embassy of Japan in Morocco
  156. ^ Declaration of national emergency(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Georgia
  157. ^ Declaration of national health emergency and implementation of inspections for Madagascar immigrants within 14 days(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Madagascar
  158. ^ a b c d Monthly situation report for 6 countries returning to the East Caribbean countries (March 2020) -Embassy of Japan in Trinidad and Tobago (read April 2020, 4)
  159. ^ Sierra Leone's New Coronavirus Measures (Part 6): National Emergency Situation (1 Year)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Ghana
  160. ^ Congo (People) Declaration of Emergency: Border closure, Kinshasa-Prohibition of traffic between states, etc.(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  161. ^ Declaration of emergency in Senegal: Prohibition of movement between cities, restrictions on transportation, etc.(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Senegal
  162. ^ Coronavirus Response <Papua New Guinea> Latest Information(April 2020, 4) Nippon Express Pelican Travel Net
  163. ^ "NZ declares national emergency”(Japanese). Kobe Shimbun NEXT. 2020th of February 3Browse.
  164. ^ "Thailand, new corona to declare emergency situation Number of infected people ... (Photo = Reuters)”(Japanese). Nikkei newspaper electronic version. 2020th of February 3Browse.
  165. ^ Alert about the new coronavirus (Vanuatu government announced "Emergency Declaration")(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Vanuatu
  166. ^ Fiji alert for new coronavirus(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Fiji
  167. ^ New Coronavirus Infectious Diseases: Announcement of Presidential Decree on Declaration of Emergency(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Angola
  168. ^ Declaration of Emergency Situation in Guinea Due to Epidemic of New Coronavirus: Border Blockade, Regulations on Transportation, etc.(2020 3 年 月 日 26)
  169. ^ Strengthening measures against the new coronavirus (Niger (Part 3))(2020 3 年 月 日 27)
  170. ^ East Timor Banned foreigners from entering the country (March 2020, 3 28:00 to April 00, 4:26)(March 2020, 3) Nihombashi Yumeya
  171. ^ Announcement of hygiene emergency declaration (Mexico)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Mexico
  172. ^ Equatorial Guinea: Prime Minister's Ordinance on Extension of Hygiene Emergency Declaration and New Measures(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Equatorial Guinea
  173. ^ New Corona virus protection-Botswana declared a state of emergency(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Botswana
  174. ^ Strengthening measures against the new coronavirus (Togo (Part 3))(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Ivory Coast
  175. ^ Declaration of emergency situation nationwide, prohibition of going out at night from 4 April, daytime, shops, banks are open(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Belize
  176. ^ The "actual situation" of the new corona that cannot be seen in numbers Africa where poverty is serious(March 2020, 4) Sankei Biz
  177. ^ Ukrainian new coronavirus countermeasures (addition of prohibitions, penalties, etc .: April 4)(2020 4 年 月 日 5)Embassy of Japan in Ukraine
  178. ^ Prime Minister Abe declared an emergency situation 7 prefectures Effectiveness Until May 5 -NHKNEWSWEB, delivered at 2020:4 on April 7, 18.
  179. ^ Declaration of emergency, spread all over the country Until next month, 6th month Corona infection explosion sense of crisis-Government(April 2020, 4) Jiji Press
  180. ^ Declaration of national emergency with new coronavirus countermeasures (Ethiopia)(March 2020, 4) JETRO
  181. ^ Liberia National Emergency Situation (April 2020, 4-)(March 2020, 4) Nihombashi Yumeya
  182. ^ Downtown only watched by mannequins(February 2020, 4) AFP
  183. ^ Temporary interruption of inter-city traffic in Mongolia(March 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Gabon
  184. ^ [Correction] New Coronavirus Measures (Health Emergency Declaration: Great Libreville Blockade)(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Mongolia
  185. ^ Is corona infected person outbreak in North Korea?(March 2020, 7) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  186. ^ [Summary] Response to new coronavirus infections(January 2021, 1) WAVOC
  187. ^ 30 countries around the world are implementing the strictest measures such as emergency declarations and city blockades(March 2020, 3) Japanese version of People's Network
  188. ^ New virus, which country will reach the end in the world?(April 2020, 4) BBC NEWS JAPAN
  189. ^ Somalia declares emergency situation Kenya is the worst outbreak in the last 70 years(February 2020, 2) Japan Agricultural Newspaper
  190. ^ Fuel spill accident in Russia's Arctic, climate change-permafrost melts(June 2020, 6) bloomberg
  191. ^ "Ministry of Agriculture declares phytosanitary emergency for South American grasshopper hordes”(Japanese). JETRO. 2020th of February 7Browse.
  192. ^ [{https://jp.reuters.com/article/lebanon-security-blast-cabinet-idJPKCN2512D5 Lebanon State of Emergency Declares Beirut Explosion to 135 Dead] (August 2020, 8) Reuters
  193. ^ MOL's ship aground, Mauritius “environmental emergency declaration”... Request for heavy oil recovery cooperation(So-net, August 2020, 8)
  194. ^ California wildfire declares "emergency"(ParsToday, August 2020, 8)
  195. ^ Liberia declares state of emergency for sex crimes(ASC, September 2020, 9)
  196. ^ Liberia declares state of emergency for sex crimes(AFP, September 2020, 9)
  197. ^ Hygiene emergency declaration reissued throughout France(March 2020, 10) JETRO
  198. ^ Spain declares state of emergency again Italy also restricts food and beverage business(March 2020, 10) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  199. ^ Extension of the Portuguese State of Emergency (until December 2020, 12)(March 2020, 12) Nihombashi Yumeya
  200. ^ "State of emergency in the Kyrgyz capital spreads political unrest-Livedoor News”(Japanese). news.livedoor.com. 2020th of February 10Browse.
  201. ^ "Thailand's big blow, anti-government demonstration continued, state of emergency, capital outflow and tourism reconstruction fear of retreat"SankeiBiz" Sankei Digital, October 2020, 10.2020th of February 11Browse.
  202. ^ "Tochigi Prefecture Declaration Cancellation Relaxation is step by step". NHK News. 2021th of February 2Browse.
  203. ^ "State of emergency Canceled today in 6 prefectures excluding the Greater Tokyo Area". NHK News. 2021th of February 3Browse.
  204. ^ Announced tomorrow's state of emergency, to announce restaurants that do not respond to time saving requests at XNUMX:XNUMX pm(January 2021, 1) TBS NEWS
  205. ^ "Declaration of emergency Expanded to 11 prefectures Government refrains from going out unnecessarily during the day". NHK News. 2020th of February 1Browse.
  206. ^ Malaysia declares state of emergency in Corona Possibility of prolonging administration(Nihon Keizai Shimbun, August 2021, 1)
  207. ^ "Declaration of emergency, announced in Tokyo, Osaka, Kyoto, Hyogo ... XNUMX days from XNUMXth to May XNUMXth". Yomiuri Shimbun Online. Yomiuri Shimbun Tokyo Head Office (September 2021, 4). 2021th of February 4Browse.
  208. ^ "Government decides to extend state of emergency in 4 prefectures Aichi and Fukuoka until 31st". Mainichi Newspapers. Mainichi Shimbun (September 2021, 5). 2021th of February 5Browse.
  209. ^ Japan Broadcasting Corporation. “Declaration of emergency in Hokkaido, Okayama, Hiroshima Government policy change subcommittee approval". NHK News. 2021th of February 5Browse.
  210. ^ "Declaration of emergency in Okinawa Prefecture Government officially decided until June 6". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. Nihon Keizai Shimbun (September 2021, 5). 2021th of February 5Browse.
  211. ^ "Declaration of emergency in 9 prefectures Decided to extend until 20th next month Government". NHK NEWS WEB. Japan Broadcasting Corporation (September 2021, 5). 2021th of February 5Browse.
  212. ^ "Texas Retreats Economic Resumption-Houston Declares State of Emergency”(Japanese). Bloomberg.com. 2020th of February 6Browse.
  213. ^ London UK declares serious incident, corona infection "out of control"(REUTERS, January 2021, 1)
  214. ^ Jakarta declares emergency in new Corona request to stop using office -Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  215. ^ "Foot-and-mouth disease, culling of more than 11 heads, Chief Cabinet Secretary, considering all heads" Asahi Shimbun, May 2010, 5 evening edition (Tokyo head office version), page 18.
  216. ^ "Yahoo! search". search.yahoo.co.jp. 2021th of February 1Browse.
  217. ^ Dear citizens, New Coronavirus emergency declaration - Hokkaido GovernmentOfficial homepage, viewed on February 2020, 2.
  218. ^ Emergency Declaration (Corona) - Hokkaido GovernmentOfficial homepage, viewed on February 2020, 3.
  219. ^ "Aichi prefecture's own "emergency declaration" seeks refrain from going out and moving”. NHKNEWSWEB. 2020th of February 4Browse.
  220. ^ Aichi Prefecture issues emergency declaration(Chunichi Shimbun, August 2020, 8)
  221. ^ a b “Municipal movements one after another The government is cautious about adding more Emergency declaration one week” (jp). Mainichi Daily News(July 2020, 4). https://mainichi.jp/articles/20200414/k00/00m/010/238000c 2020th of February 11Browse. 
  222. ^ Gifu Prefecture declares a second state of emergency(Chunichi Shimbun, August 2020, 7)
  223. ^ Governor of Mie Prefecture "One step before an emergency" New virus infections one after another Emergency alert declaration(Ise Shimbun, August 2020, 8)
  224. ^ "3 Municipalities to "declare a joint emergency" Nasu Shiobara, Otawara, Nasu | Local topics, society | Shimotsuke Shinbun "SOON" News | New pneumonia-COVID19- | Shimotsuke Shinbun SOON”(Japanese). Shimotsuke Newspaper SOON. 2020th of February 5Browse.
  225. ^ Okinawa Prefecture's original "emergency declaration" Call for refraining from going out without unnecessary urgency(NHK, July 2020, 7)
  226. ^ Okinawa Prefecture's original warning level "Infestation spread" to be extended to the declaration(NHK, July 2020, 8)
  227. ^ Okinawa extends its own state of emergency again until September 9th Be wary of spreading infection in the old tray(Ryukyu Shimpo, August 2020, 8)
  228. ^ Fukuoka Prefecture Official Home Page "Fukuoka Prefecture Corona Warning" Activation and Future Responses (August 8)
  229. ^ "Fukuoka Corona Warning" cancellation is also decided to partially review the trigger index ". West Japan Newspaper (Nishi-Nippon Shimbun). (March 2020, 10). https://www.nishinippon.co.jp/item/n/652571/ 2020th of February 10Browse. 
  230. ^ "Fukuoka Prefecture to activate its own" corona warning "... the second time since August". Yomiuri Shimbun (Yomiuri Shimbun). (October 2020, 12). https://www.yomiuri.co.jp/national/20201212-OYT1T50223/ 2020th of February 12Browse. 
  231. ^ Okayama Prefecture Medical Emergency Declaration “Even if infected, it is not always possible to be hospitalized”(NHK, July 2020, 12)
  232. ^ Governor Miyagi Murai issues his own state of emergency due to a rapid increase in infected people(NHK NEWS WEB, March 2021, 3)
  233. ^ Unique emergency declaration for Yamagata City The number of people infected with the new corona is increasing rapidly(NHK NEWS WEB, March 2021, 3)
  234. ^ Declaration of emergency in Sagae City New Corona(Yamagata News Online, March 2021, 3)
  235. ^ Fukui Prefecture's own "state of emergency" spread of new corona infection(Nikkei, viewed May 2021, 5)
  236. ^ <Breaking news> Ishikawa Prefecture declares its own emergency situation Requests to refrain from going out unnecessarily after XNUMX:XNUMX pm Until the end of May(Hokkoku Shimbun DIGITAL, May 2021, 5)
  237. ^ Yemen and cholera continue to grow, killing 1 in a month Asahi Shimbun Digital (June 2017, 6) Read June 3, 2017

Related item

外部 リンク

Pandemic of New Coronavirus Infection (2019-)

Global pandemic of new coronavirus infectionsWhat is (Shingata Coronavirus Infectious Diseases)?New coronavirus (COVID-2) OfinfectionCaused byAcute respiratory illness (COVID-19) OfPandemic(Pandemic).2019The epidemic started from the end, thisSpread of COVID-XNUMX infectionIn the process of stopping (Shingata coronavirus), the world system was reorganized.[2].

The whole worldInfectionBeing exposed to the danger ofLockdownAnd immigration restrictions,OlympicWe have fallen into a situation that humankind has not experienced in the past, such as postponement and reduction.PandemicIn various policies such as lockdown implemented to convergeAnti-globalism, AntiDemocracySome of the measures were required, which made a big difference in the world system.In the world after Corona, of social lifeonlineOn the other hand, the freedom of action has retreated significantly compared to the past, and economic activity has shrunk significantly.Eating out,Tourism,leisure,Entertainment,Public transportationAnd so ononlineThere are some commercial activities that cannot be transformed, and the situation of nesting steadily undermines the real economy.COVID-19 vaccineThere is an urgent need to restore freedom of action by inoculation ofNew normal(Human activityAdaptation to the new normal state of[3].

Since SARS-CoV-2 is a virus under research, the situation remains uncertain. As of October 2020, 10, infections have occurred in 2 countries and territories, with 215 infected, 34,205,773 dead and 1,021,576 recovered.[1]..In addition, the number of infected people in the world continues to grow exponentially. According to an analysis that in May 2021, about 5 million people died worldwide.Washington State UniversityAnnounced[4][5][6].WHOBut,1918Occurred inSpanish cold OfPandemicAs you can see from the comparison with[7],Human historyTop worst classPandemicIt can be said.


2019March 11Wuhan City, Hubei Province, People's Republic of China"Unknown causeウ イ ル スsexpneumoniaWas confirmed for the first time, and then from Wuhan cityMainland ChinaInfection spread to other than ChinaCountryAnd expanded to the area[8].. The characteristics of the new coronavirus are so farSevere acute respiratory syndrome(SARS)Middle East respiratory syndromeIt was thought to be similar to (MERS), but due to its unprecedented high latency, it rapidly spread the infection by utilizing the economic activities of humankind.2020March 1who (WHO) is the 6th "Public health emergencies of international concern (PHEIC) ”declared[9] did. On February 2, the disease was rated "very high" at the highest level of risk for a global epidemic.[10], March 3,Tedros AdanomWHO Executive Secretary deviates from WHO standardsPandemicEquivalent to (pandemic)Expressed the recognition[11][12].

PandemicSince the outbreak, information has been confused with situations that are too unprecedented, and in the worldRacism,ideologyProblems such as conflicts also became apparent at once.In order to prevent the influx of the new coronavirus, countries around the world have imposed immigration restrictions, but due to the high latency of the new coronavirus, the epidemic has affected more than 180 countries and regions.Chugoku, South Korea,イタリア,スペインStarted withEurope,Japan,米 国There is a large-scale epidemic in[13].. As a result, one after another in major cities around the worldLockdown(City blockade・ Movement restrictions) were implemented, which hindered demand and the supply chain.Corona shockと 呼 ば れ るSocio-economic impactIs also causing. In particular, there was a significant decrease in demand for businesses that could not be digitized (especially sales in the travel, traditional culture, and event industries decreased by 2020% in May 5 compared to the same month of the previous year.[14]) And the turmoil in the supply chain caused serious damage to the real economy.Subsequent responses from countries around the world aimed at achieving both economic activity and prevention of the spread of infection have been difficult, and as a result of the resumption of economic activity by many countries, the number of infected people worldwide has grown exponentially again. I'm starting.In order to distinguish the society before and after the corona shock, terms such as "before corona", "after corona", "post corona", "under corona", and "with corona" are also proposed.[15].

Characteristics of new coronavirus infection

COVID-2と 呼 ば れ るCoronavirusIt is,Chugoku OfWuhan City, Hubei Province OfWuhan Hua South Seafood Wholesale MarketFirst identified in[16].. SARS-CoV-2 is mainlycough,sneezeCame out withRespiratory dropletsOr through something that touches your hand, such as a doorknobInfluenza virusBy the same route asInfection between humansTo[17][18].Time from infection to onsetIs usually 5 days, but varies from 2 to 14 days depending on the person[18][19].

It is said to be a "warm virus"[20]As such, it exhibits characteristics that make it difficult for the host to detect the infection, and the virus is very easy to spread and also leads to sudden death.In many cases, even if infected, the condition remains asymptomatic, and there is little awareness of infection (becoming a carrier of the virus), but the symptoms areFever,cough,shortness of breath,tasteorSense of smellMay be accompanied by abnormalities, chills or chills, headache, sore throat, muscle pain, etc.[18][19][21].. As a complicationpneumonia,Acute respiratory distress syndromeMay be accompanied by.In the case of death, the patient's blood oxygen level dropped to a dangerous level without being aware of it (unawareness of severity), and even if he rushed to the hospital after the onset of suffocation, he could not wear the oxygen mask in time.Respiratory failureThere are many cases of death in[22]..Since it takes several hours to wear an oxygen mask, it is necessary for the infected person to go to a medical institution when there are no subjective symptoms, but even medical personnel can judge whether or not the condition has become severe if there are no subjective symptoms. It's hard to do.

Has a special effect on SARS-CoV-2Antiviral drugDoes not exist and research is underway. In clinical practice, symptom management andSupportive therapyEfforts are being made with a focus on. The recommended precautions areHand washingKeep a distance from the sick, and 14 days if you suspect an infectionSelf-isolationAnd taking follow-up, etc.[18].

On the other hand,PCR testI was hospitalized with a positive reaction, and after that, I was discharged because my symptoms had subsided. Possible reactivation of CoV-2 or another type of reinfection has been pointed out[23][24].

2020At the end, mutants have appeared all over the world, and it has been confirmed that the infectivity has become stronger than the previous SARS-CoV-2.[25][26].

Vaccine development and inoculation

In COVID-19vaccineSome development methods are notable in terms of technical breakthroughs.Originally, in order to ensure safety in the human body, vaccines are developed in a development period of several decades or more (100 years or more at the longest), but vaccine development has not been successful yet.HIV,malariaThere are many infectious diseases such as, and vaccine development was abandoned.SARSInfectious diseases such as[27]..Despite such high technical difficulties, it was necessary to develop in a very short period of less than one year in order to avoid the economic collapse and converge the pandemic.

2020,America OfPharmaceuticalCorporatePfizerとModernaIt is,mRNA vaccineHe argued that the new technology could overturn the conventional wisdom and significantly shorten the period of vaccine development, but the COVID-19 vaccine was the first to be put into practical use, and there are many unknowns about its safety.However, as of November of the same year, the COVID-11 vaccines of both companies are expected to be put into practical use at the fastest speed, and together with good clinical trial results, they are considered to be the most promising vaccines in the world. On November 19, Moderna announced tentative results that it was 11% effective for the vaccine under development.[28].. On November 11, Pfizer released its final analysis that it is 18% effective for the vaccine under development.[29].. On December 12, public COVID-8 vaccination began in the United Kingdom.At the earliest in Japan2021At the prospect of conclusion whether also approved during the month of February comes out, health care workers the government to prospect the late February anticipation of this, the elderly in the prospect of the end of March, with priority such as the subsequent people with underlying disease We are in a hurry to improve the system so that we can start inoculation.[30].. RNA, which is the main component of the mRNA vaccine, is easily destroyed when it is considered to be preserved, so it is used at ultra-low temperatures.Cold chainTechnology development is also urgent.

Also, of Japanese companiesAngesAlso announced that the second stage clinical trial of the COVID-19 vaccine has started, and the second stage clinical trial is expected to be completed around March 2.[31]..After that, after the final stage of clinical trials, it is expected that the AnGes vaccine will finally be put into practical use around the middle of the same year, so when compared with other countries, Japan will be far behind in the development of the COVID-19 vaccine.

However, it is difficult to identify infected persons with COVID-19, and it has been observed that even the above-mentioned Pfizer and Moderna mRNA vaccines, which are considered to be the most promising, cannot be immunized for life, and from around the end of 2020, all over the world. Since mutant types are also appearing, we will continueSocial regulationIt is said that it will be necessary to carry out vaccination and regular vaccination every few months.[32]..Furthermore, medium- to long-term COVID-19 vaccineSide reaction(Side effects) Has not been fully verified and is still in a situation where it cannot be optimistic.


back ground

Late June 2019,People's Republic of China OfWuhan City, Hubei ProvinceOf unexplained pneumoniaclusterA (small outbreak) outbreak was reported by health authorities. The first group of patients is mainlyWuhan Hua South Seafood Wholesale MarketThe virus was found to be related toAnimal-induced infectionIs believed to have been[16].. The virus that caused this infection is the bat coronavirus[33],PangolinCoronavirus[34],andSARS coronavirus(SARS-CoV)[35] As a new virus closely related toCOVID-2Was named[36].. The virus is believed to be derived from the Greater Horseshoe Bat[37]..Prior to that, on December 12, the first symptoms occurred in a person who had no history of exposure to the Wuhan South China Seafood Wholesale Market or contact with the remaining 1 people in the first cluster where the new virus was detected. Was later found to have been reported[38].. Two-thirds of this first cluster(English edition)It was also found that they were selling live animals.[38].

Meanwhile, in November 2020Academic journalPublished in "Tumori Journal"イタリアCollected from September 2019 to March 9, according to a study by the National Cancer Institutelung cancerWhen the blood samples of the test examinees (959 people) were examined, 11.6% (111 people) of the samples were specific to the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2).antibodyWas detected, and it was also detected in 2019% (9 persons) of the sample collected in September 14.From this, it is also pointed out that the virus may have spread to the world before the above-mentioned cases reported in Wuhan City, Hubei Province.[39][40][41][42].

August 2020, 1,who(WHO) received an outbreak of infectious diseasePublic health emergencies of international concern Declared (PHEIC)[43].. WHOTedros Adanom[Question]As of February 2, the Executive Secretary said, "to avoid a significant number of cases," despite the possibility of persistent community transmission of the disease in other parts of the world. Maintained praise for China's response to the virus[44].

On March 3, in a discourse by the WHO Executive Secretary, "SmokingCOVID-19Increases the risk of aggravation of the disease. "[45].

Number of infected people

As of September 2020, 9, COVID-30 has killed more than 19 million people.[1].. According to the National Health Commission of China, the majority of people who died were elderly. About 80% of the deaths are older than 60 years and 75%Cardiovascular disease,Diabetes mellitusI had a chronic disease such as[46].

Death toll

For those who died of COVID-19, the number of days between onset of symptoms and death ranged from 6 to 41 days.MedianIs shown to be 14 days[19].

Secondary disability

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly deteriorated people's mental health[50]..Prevalence of depression doubled in OECD countries[50]..People suffered the most mental distress during March-April 2020.[50].

Before and after COVIDDepressionPrevalence of [50]
CountryBefore COVID2020
チ ェ コ10.011.8
South KoreaN/A36.6
米 国6.623.5

Spread of infection


Year ending March 2019

Information based on "Digital Infectious Diseases" as of June 2020Boston UniversityNora's research team was filmed from January 2018 to April 1WuhanAnalysis results of 111 satellite photos and internet search engineBaiduBased on the frequency with which specific symptoms were searched for, it is considered to be a symptom peculiar to COVID-19.diarrheaThe number of searches for "" surged in August, and the epidemic of the new coronavirus may have started in August, and diarrhea "may have played an important role in community-acquired infections."[51]Pointed out.However, the study does not reveal any objective facts as to whether it is due to COVID-19.[52].

Year ending March 2019

2020年11月現在、イタリア国立がん研究所の研究によると、2019年9月から2020年3月までに肺がん検査を受診した受診者から採取した血液を調べたところ、11.6%の受診者から新型コロナウイルス(SARS-CoV-2)に特異的な抗体を検出。このうち、14%は2019年9月、30%は2020年2月に採取された検体から新型ウイルスの抗体が出来ていたことが検出され、後にPeople's Republic of China OfWuhan City, Hubei ProvinceIt was later announced that the virus may have spread worldwide before the cases reported in.[53][54]..However, the research of the Italian National Cancer Institute has been criticized, saying, "Even if a new coronavirus existed in Italy in September last year (2019), it does not necessarily have its origin. There is also an indication that "it will not be"[55].

Year ending March 2019

Year ending March 2019

  • December 12-The first case of unexplained pneumonia was reported by a health agency in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China.
  • August 12- CDCIn a later survey, from December 12th to 13th on the west coast of the United StatesAmerican Red CrossAntibodies to the new coronavirus were found in 39 blood samples donated to[57][58][59].
  • August 12- (English edition)According to an analysis of 40 sewage samples taken from a sewage treatment facility in northern Italy, which was later conducted by the company, new species from sewage samples in Milan and Turin as of December 12CoronavirusTraces of the (SARS-Cov-2) gene were confirmed, confirming that the virus may have started in northern Italy before China reported its first new corona infection on December 12.[60][61].
  • December 12-in FranceinfluenzaWhen a sample taken on December 12 was examined at a later date from a patient with such symptoms, it became clear that there was a positive reaction for the new coronavirus.[62][63].
  • December 12-Pneumonia of unknown cause was described公 文書Was found at the hospital where I workLi Wenliang WeChatPosted as an image to[64].. January 2020, 1, the cause is a new speciesCoronavirusWas identified as[65].
  • August 12- whoThe first report to (WHO) was made.


Year ending March 2020

World wideEpidemic preventionA system is set up, charter flights are sent to Wuhan City to return each citizen, and in countries other than China, it goes through China.Cruise linerSome passengers could not disembark from (see below).SARS-CoVThan in 2003 when the epidemicGlobalizationProgresses,COVID-2It is also characterized by the fact that infected people are often asymptomatic.Epidemic preventionSARS-CoV-2 spread rapidly all over the world. In addition, both the net and the mass media are filled with the topic of "Corona", and a large amount of inaccurate information flies around.InfodemicI fell into a state[68].. There were also high-priced resales of daily necessities that took advantage of the psychology of consumers in distress.[69].

Year ending March 2020

Year ending March 2020

Year ending March 2020

Year ending March 2020

  • April 5-Worldwide infections exceed 10 million[104].
  • August 5- Lesotho flagLesothoConfirmed the infected person in.
  • April 5-Worldwide infections exceed 21 million[105].
  • August 5- AmericaThe death toll has exceeded 10[106].

Year ending March 2020

  • August 6- AmericaThe number of infected people exceeded 200 million[107].
  • August 6- BrazilThe number of infected people exceeded 100 million[108].
  • June 6-The number of infected people in the world exceeds 23 million[109].
  • June 6-Before 28:7 pm, the number of infected people in the world exceeded 1000 million[110].

Year ending March 2020

  • August 7- AmericaThe number of infected people exceeded 300 million[111].
  • September 7-Brazil's number of infected exceeds 17 million[112].
  • July 7-India's number of infected people exceeds 17 million[113].
  • April 7-Worldwide infections exceed 23 million[114].. The number of infected people in the United States has exceeded 400 million[115].
  • July 7-American deaths exceed 30[116].

Year ending March 2020

  • July 8-India's number of infected people exceeds 7 million[117].
  • August 8-The number of infected people in the United States exceeds 8 million[118].. The number of infected people in Brazil has exceeded 300 million. The death toll also exceeded 10[119].
  • April 8-Worldwide infections exceed 10 million[120].
  • July 8-India's number of infected people exceeds 23 million[121].
  • August 8-The number of infected people in the United States exceeds 31 million[122].

Year ending March 2020

  • September 9-Russia's number of infected people exceeds 1 million[123].
  • September 9-Brazil's number of infected exceeds 3 million[124].
  • July 9-India's number of infected people exceeds 5 million[125].
  • September 9-India's number of infected people surpasses Brazil to become the second largest in the world[126].
  • July 9-India's number of infected people exceeds 16 million[127].
  • April 9-Worldwide infections exceed 17 million[128].
  • July 9-American deaths exceed 22[129].
  • August 9-The number of infected people in the United States exceeds 26 million[130].
  • July 9-India's number of infected people exceeds 28 million[131].. In addition, the death toll in the world has exceeded 100 million.[132].

Year ending March 2020

  • February 10-United StatesDonald TrumpA few people, including the presidentRepublican PartyInfection of the person concerned was discovered.White HouseでclusterSeems to have occurred[133].
  • August 10- Confirmed infected people in Solomon Islands[134]..India's death toll exceeds 10[135].
  • September 10-Brazil's number of infected exceeds 7 million[136].
  • October 10-Brazil's death toll exceeds 10[137].
  • July 10-India's number of infected people exceeds 11 million[138].
  • August 10-The number of infected people in the United States exceeds 16 million[139].
  • August 10- アルゼンチンThe number of infected people exceeded 100 million[140]..The number of infected people worldwide has also exceeded 4000 million.[141].
  • October 10-Spain's number of infected exceeds 21 million[142].
  • October 10-The number of infected people in France exceeds 22 million[143].
  • October 10-Colombia's number of infected surpasses 24 million[144].
  • August 10- Marshall Islands FlagConfirmed infected people in the Marshall Islands[145].
  • July 10-India's number of infected people exceeds 29 million[146].
  • August 10-The number of infected people in the United States exceeds 30 million[147].
  • August 10- The United KingdomThe number of infected people exceeded 100 million[148].

Year ending March 2020

  • August 11-The number of infected people in the United States exceeds 7 million[149]..France's death toll exceeds 4[150].
  • April 11-Worldwide infections exceed 8 million[151].
  • August 11- Vanuatu flag バヌアツConfirm infected person in[152].
  • November 11-The number of infected people in Italy exceeds 11 million[153]..Britain's death toll exceeds 5[154].
  • November 11-Mexico's number of infected people exceeds 14 million[155].
  • August 11- Samoan flag サモアConfirm infected person in[156].
  • November 11-India has 20 million infected[157], Brazil has 600 million infected[158], Each exceeded.Mexico's death toll exceeds 10[159].
  • November 11-Italy's death toll exceeds 24[160].
  • April 11-Worldwide infections exceed 26 million[161].
  • November 11-Germany has exceeded 27 million infected[162].

Year ending March 2020

  • December 12-Worldwide death toll exceeds 4 million[163]..Iran's number of infected people exceeds 100 million[164].
  • August 12-The number of infected people in the United States exceeds 8 million[165].
  • December 12-Turkish number of infected people exceeds 10 million due to statistical correction[166].
  • April 12-Worldwide infections exceed 11 million[167].
  • July 12-American deaths exceed 15[168].
  • July 12-India's number of infected people exceeds 19 million[169].
  • December 12-British infections exceed 20 million[170].
  • December 12-The number of infected people in Japan exceeds 21[171].
  • August 12- Antarctic flagChilean military announces 36 infections at Chile's Ohigins base in Antarctica[172].. Infection is confirmed on all 6 continents.On the same day, the number of infected people in Peru exceeded 100 million.[173].
  • November 12-The number of infected people in Italy exceeds 24 million[174].
  • April 12-Worldwide infections exceed 26 million[175].
  • December 12-South Africa's number of infected people exceeds 27 million[176].
  • December 12-Russia's death toll exceeds 28 due to statistical corrections[177][Note 1].


Year ending March 2021

  • August 1-The number of infected people in the United States exceeds 1 million[178].
  • October 1-Brazil's death toll exceeds 7[179].
  • April 1-Worldwide infections exceed 10 million[180].
  • August 1- Federated States of MicronesiaConfirmed infected persons in Federated States of Micronesia[181].
  • November 1-Germany has exceeded 15 million infected[182]..The death toll worldwide has exceeded 200 million[183].
  • July 1-American deaths exceed 20[184].
  • August 1-The number of infected people in the United States exceeds 24 million[185].
  • January 1-British deaths exceed 26[186].
  • January 1-Worldwide infections exceed 27 million[187].
  • September 1-Brazil's number of infected exceeds 28 million[188].

Year ending March 2021

  • October 2-Spain's number of infected exceeds 9 million[189].
  • September 2-Brazil's number of infected exceeds 19 million[190]..The death toll in Africa has exceeded 10[191].
  • July 2-American deaths exceed 22[192].
  • December 2-Worldwide death toll exceeds 26 million[193].

Year ending March 2021

  • November 3-Italy's death toll exceeds 8[194].
  • March 3-Turkey's infections exceed 21 million and deaths exceed 300[195].
  • August 3-The number of infected people in the United States exceeds 24 million[196]..Brazil's death toll exceeds 30[197].

Year ending March 2021

  • April 4-France's death toll exceeds 15[198].
  • December 4-Worldwide death toll exceeds 17 million[199].
  • July 4-India's number of infected people exceeds 19 million[200].
  • April 4-India's death toll exceeds 28[201]
  • October 4-Brazil's death toll exceeds 29[202].
  • April 4-Worldwide infections exceed 30 million[202].

Year ending March 2021

  • July 5-India's number of infected people exceeds 4 million[203].
  • April 5-India's death toll exceeds 12[204].
  • July 5-India's number of infected people exceeds 18 million[205].
  • April 5-India's death toll exceeds 24[206].

Celebrity infection

Honorific titles shall be omitted for both infected and dead.

Celebrity dead

(Alphanumeric / alphabetical order)

Celebrity infection / disease

(Alphanumeric / alphabetical order)