Portal field news

Portal field news

in

🏛 | Extension of "declaration" ... Osaka will decide policy within this week Governor Hyogo and Ido said, "It will be difficult to release it unless the number of infected people decreases significantly."


写真 

Is it an extension of the "declaration"? Osaka will decide on a policy within this week Governor Hyogo and Ido said, "It will be difficult to cancel unless the number of infected people decreases significantly."

 
If you write the contents roughly
Governor Yoshimura of Osaka Prefecture has indicated that the severe infection situation will continue, and has announced that he will hold a meeting of the response headquarters later this week to decide whether to request the government to extend the state of emergency.
 

Governor Yoshimura of Osaka Prefecture has expressed his intention to make a decision this week as to whether to request an extension of the state of emergency. 【Big… → Continue reading

 Kansai TV

"Kansai TV Broadcasting" (Fuji TV affiliate) news account. We will send you the latest news from Osaka, Hyogo, Kyoto, Nara, Wakayama, Shiga and Tokushima prefectures.


Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Emergency declaration

Emergency declaration(Hijojitai Sengen) orEmergency declarationWhat is (Kinkyuji Taisengen)?Natural disasters,Infection(Epidemic-Disease)ofPandemic,Nuclear accidentSuch asdisasterAnd戦 争,terrorism,Civil strife,MayhemSuch,Health-life-property-EnvironmentDanger is imminentEmergency(Emergency)Country-Region Of政府(Local governmentEtc.)decreeTo activate a special authority based onpublicIt is to proclaim and declare such a situation in order to call attention to.

About the name

Current,Japanese lawThe basic wording ofEmergency(Emergency)"·"Emergency declarationDespite being unified as "Kinkyuji Taisengen", due to customs from the wording of the provisions of the former Japanese law, "(Kinkyuji Taisengen)" is used in foreign languages.emergency"Or"state of emergency"Emergency situation" and "Emergency declaration" are sometimes used in the media etc. as a Japanese translation of "," etc. It has the same meaning as "statement of emergency".

Overview

Measures includePolicemen-軍隊(in Japan's case,SDF)SuchCivil servantMobilization ofPublic financeCondemnation of an emergencycommandPromulgation of government ordinances superior to the law and suspension of constitutional human rights guaranteesWritIn addition to allowing arrests and home searches that do not depend on the media,Freedom of assemblyな どLibertyThere can be restrictions. But,Japan,アイス ランドAnd someCountry ruled by lawThen, there are some cases where the request is almost unenforceable.

in Japan,1954Old until (Showa 29)Police lawAuthority to proclaim a "national emergency" under Article 62Prime MinisterWas given to the currentPolice lawbased onEmergency DeclarationOther than that,Disaster Countermeasures Basic Lawbased onDeclaration of a disaster emergency,New influenza measures special measures lawbased onPandemic influenza etc.And so onPrime MinisterIs announced.

The United States of AmericaThen,PresidentIt is not uncommon to declare a state of emergency, but it is declared when the assets are frozen under the authority of the president as "a threat from foreign countries" (For example, in November 2018, an anti-government demonstration was announced. Central America suppressed by forceEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euTo see the turmoil as an American security threat and freeze the assets of those who undermine security and democracyDonald Trump(Proclaimed by the President) and othersterrorism,InfectionIs also declared to correspond to[1].. In the United States, vs. 1979(I.e.Approximately 30 declarations, including asset freezes, are reported to be valid as of February 2019 in US media[1].

FranceThen in 2015Paris terrorist attacksでFrancois HollandeAnnounced by the President and extended until October 2017, 10[2][3].

In a similar situation, “national legislation, judiciary, administrationControlPart or all ofMilitary"Transfer to"Martial"[4].

List of National Emergency Situations

Here, as mentioned above, declarations with names which are almost synonymous with each other, such as "emergency declaration" and "emergency order", are also described.

Before the 20th century

2000 era

2010 era

2020 era

Invocation from outside the nation

Federal systemCountries andDecentralizationIn advanced countries,Local governmentMay be authorized to declare an emergency. Also, although the special law does not come into effect,International organization,armyHas established effective controlArmed organizationMay make a declaration for the purpose of calling attention.

International organization

It is an international organizationFlag of WHO.svg WHOIt is,2005Since then, in response to a large-scale epidemic,Public health emergencies of international concernIs to be declared. The example of activation is "#Notification/designationSee.

Local Government/Local Government

army

Armed organization

  • Yemen flag Yemen : 2017May, armed organization of the countryFuchsia choleraDeclaration of “emergency situation” based on the seriousness of the epidemic[238].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ at that timeThe United KingdomAlthough he was a territory, he had already obtained the autonomy of internal affairs.
  2. ^ New influenza measures special measures lawDate of emergency declaration by.Historical emergencyToMay 3However, the declaration date is generally treated as April 4.
  3. ^ As of the beginning of April 4, the scope of issuance is 7 city, 1 prefecture and 1 prefectures (Tokyo,Osaka,Kanagawa,Saitama,Chiba,Hyogo,Fukuoka) Was,May 4And expanded to all other prefectures, totaling 47PrefecturesBecame the scope of official announcement[179].. afterwardsMay 539 prefectures (other than 1 city, 1 road, 2 prefectures and 4 prefectures, which will be described later)May 5In Osaka prefecture, Hyogo prefecture,KyotoBut,May 5Tokyo, Kanagawa, Saitama, Chiba,HokkaidoHave been released respectively.
  4. ^ Date of declaration. It will be activated at 9:0 on the XNUMXth of the following day.
  5. ^ As of the beginning of January 1, the scope of the announcement was 8 metropolitan area and 1 prefectures (Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa).May 1ToTochigi,Aichi,Gifu, Kyoto prefecture, Osaka prefecture, Hyogo prefecture, Fukuoka prefecture.afterwardsMay 2Tochigi prefectureMay 2Aichi prefecture, Gifu prefecture, Kyoto prefecture, Osaka prefecture, Hyogo prefecture, Fukuoka prefecture were canceled respectively.[202][203]..The remaining 1 metropolitan area and 3 prefectures (Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa)May 3Until.
  6. ^ As of the beginning of April 4, the scope of the announcement was 25 metropolitan area, 1 prefectures and 2 prefecture (Tokyo, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyogo).May 5In Aichi and Fukuoka prefecturesMay 5To Hokkaido,Okayama,HiroshimaAlso,May 5ToOkinawaWas also expanded.After that, 1 city, 1 road, 2 prefectures and 5 prefectures other than Okinawa prefectureMay 6The remaining Okinawa prefectureLaterlike,May 7May 10Scheduled up to.
  7. ^ As of July 7, the scope of issuance is 12 metropolitan area and 1 prefecture (Tokyo, Okinawa prefecture), and all periods areMay 10Will be up to[212]..In addition, Okinawa Prefecture has already issued a declaration from May 5, which was originally scheduled for July 23, but with this declaration, the period will be extended to August 7. Ta[212].

Source

  1. ^ a b "President Trump has declared three emergency situations". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 2019/2/18Browse.
  2. ^ "That emergency situations become everyday”(May 2016, 11). 2017/4/23Browse.
  3. ^ "After 2 years, France lifts the declaration of emergency 6 times due to terrorism”. TV Asahi (September 2017, 11). 2019/7/6Browse.
  4. ^ “Kotoba Commentary: Difference between “Emergency Declaration” and “Martial Law””. Mainichi Newspapers(July 2015, 12). https://mainichi.jp/articles/20151203/mul/00m/030/00700sc 2017/7/6Browse. 
  5. ^ Conceicao. "The 13th May 1969 (Kuala Lumpur) Disturbances", pp. 112—113
  6. ^ Weird fashion situation in "Singapore" that Japanese people have difficulty understanding
  7. ^ Question on the Special Measures Act concerning the implementation of humanitarian reconstruction support activities and security assurance support activities in Iraq-House of Representatives 国会House of Representatives: 2004 (Heisei16 years) April 11
  8. ^ State of emergency issuance, confusion overwhelming new government process-Bangladesh AFP (January 2008, 1)
  9. ^ Prime Minister declares emergency, 46 dead in Greek wildfire expansion AFP (January 2008, 8)
  10. ^ President of Pakistan declares emergency and dismisses Supreme Court Reuters Communication (November 2008, 11)
  11. ^ Georgia's state of emergency declared canceled before 22 days of parliamentary approval AFP (January 2008, 11)
  12. ^ Fiji: Heavy rain in western Viti Levu Embassy of Japan in Fiji
  13. ^ Chad issues a national emergency declaration AFP (January 2008, 2)
  14. ^ Declaration of emergency in Mongolia, due to riot over general election Reuters Communication (November 2008, 7)
  15. ^ Zimbabwe declares emergency, cholera dead over 560 Reuters Communication (November 2008, 12)
  16. ^ Hurricane "Ida" hits Central America, killing 124 people in El Salvador AFP (January 2009, 11)
  17. ^ State of emergency declared by police station attack Jamaica Nippon Television News
  18. ^ Eruption of volcanic eruptions in Guatemala and Ecuador, Latin America Rescue Now
  19. ^ Kyrgyz clash, over 80 dead, second emergency state declaration -(June 2010, 6) AFP
  20. ^ Spanish controller abandons all workplaces, declares emergency -AFP News
  21. ^ “Tunisia State of Emergency Declaration 5 Demonstrations, Cabinet Resignation”. 47NEWS (Kyodo News). (November 2011, 1). http://www.47news.jp/CN/201101/CN2011011401001065.html 2011/1/16Browse. 
  22. ^ Yemen declares state of emergency Security forces fire on demonstrators(March 2011, 3) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  23. ^ (Untitled)(August 2011, 8) Embassy of Japan in Trinidad and Tobago
  24. ^ Tuvalu Crisis Due to Global Warming Water Shortage Government Declares State of Emergency(October 2011, 10) Excite News
  25. ^ State of emergency declared in western Myanmar, religious confrontation worsens(June 2012, 6) Reuters News
  26. ^ Mali declares state of emergency across France France dispatches troops CNN (January 2013, 1)
  27. ^ Egyptian president declares emergency in three provinces after riot after soccer trial AFP (January 2013, 1)
  28. ^ Meteorite falls in Russia, 500 people are injured Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2013, 2)
  29. ^ Declaration of state of emergency in the three northeastern states-No effect on Lagos- JETRO (June 2013, 6)
  30. ^ Emergency assistance for cyclone damage in the Kingdom of Tonga Ministry of Foreign Affairs (January 2014, 1)
  31. ^ Floods in Serbia kill three people "worst natural disaster" AFP (January 2014, 5)
  32. ^ Rod Mac Johnson (August 2014, 8). “Sierra Leone declares emergency with spread of Ebola infection”. AFP. AFPBB News. オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 8.. http://archive.is/zOZcP 2014/10/11Browse. 
  33. ^ “Ebola, Liberia declares emergency”. AFP. AFPBB News. (August 2014, 8). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 8.. http://archive.is/foXQW 2014/10/11Browse. 
  34. ^ “Nigeria also declares an emergency” Third country due to Ebola outbreak”. Kyodo News. 47NEWS(November 2014, 8). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 10.. https://web.archive.org/web/20141010214834/http://www.47news.jp/CN/201408/CN2014080901001053.html 2014/10/11Browse. 
  35. ^ “Guinea declares emergency with spread of Ebola infection”. AFP. AFPBB News. (August 2014, 8). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2014, 8.. http://archive.is/rhG9a 2014/10/11Browse. 
  36. ^ Niger declares state of emergency Boko Haram's offensive AFP (February 2015, 2) Ryukyu Shimpo
  37. ^ UNICEF decides to provide US$60 assistance to Japanese government, Vanuatu, Kiribati, Solomon Islands, and Tuvalu damaged by Cyclone Pam UNICEF (March 2015, 3)
  38. ^ Ebola fears reignite, Guinea declares "emergency" AFP (January 2015, 3)
  39. ^ Typhoon damage in the Federated States of Micronesia (issue of sympathy messages from Prime Minister Abe and Foreign Minister Kishida) (April 2015, 4) Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  40. ^ President of Tunisia announces 30-day declaration of emergency AFP (July 2015, 7) Huff Post
  41. ^ Myanmar flood 47 dead, 21 affected(2015 8 年 月 日 3)
  42. ^ "Simultaneous terrorist attacks in Paris: suicide bombing and 120 shooting deaths”. Mainichi Shimbun (December 2015, 11). 2015/11/14Browse.
  43. ^ Terror in Tunisia's capital kills 12 presidential declaration Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2015, 11)
  44. ^ Immigration/Refugee Issues: Issuance of Emergency Declaration Embassy of Japan in Hungary (March 2016, 3)
  45. ^ Declaration of health emergency due to Zika fever (Marshall Islands) PIC (April 2016, 4)
  46. ^ Emergency assistance for drought damage in the Republic of Palau Ministry of Foreign Affairs (January 2016, 4)
  47. ^ Iraq and Shiite demonstrators declare parliamentary emergency Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2016, 5)
  48. ^ President Venezuela declares emergency, "US plans to overthrow government" Reuters Communication (November 2016, 5)
  49. ^ Turkish President announces state of emergency Coup attempt BBC NEWS JAPAN (July 2016, 7)
  50. ^ Ethiopia declares emergency situation Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2015, 10)
  51. ^ Bolivia South America declares emergency due to drought worst in 25 years AFP (January 2016, 11)
  52. ^ Gambia crisis, neighboring countries temporarily dispatch new president inauguration ceremony in Senegal AFP (January 2017, 1)
  53. ^ State of emergency declared in western Niger attacked by Islamic extremists in Mali AFP (January 2017, 3)
  54. ^ Colombian Debris Flow declares emergency BBC (April 2017, 4)
  55. ^ Egypt continuous explosion, 44 deaths Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2017, 4)
  56. ^ Moldova Weekly Report [April 4-16] Embassy of Japan in Moldova (May 2017, 5)
  57. ^ Barbuda, hit by a hurricane, unmanned for the first time in 300 years CNN (January 2017, 9)
  58. ^ Emergency assistance for volcanic eruption damage in Vanuatu Ministry of Foreign Affairs (January 2017, 10)
  59. ^ State of emergency against Madagascar plague Nihombashi Yumeya (October 2017, 10) Read December 4, 2017
  60. ^ Declaration of emergency in Central America Honduras, violence demonstration after presidential election AFP (December 2017, 12) Read December 3, 2017
  61. ^ Declaration of emergency in Jamaica's second largest city, frequent murder calls alert tourists AFP (December 2018, 1) Read December 21, 2018
  62. ^ Maldives Emergency Situation Cancellation(March 2018, 3) Nihombashi Yumeya
  63. ^ Bolivian domestic affairs and diplomacy (February 2018)(March 2018, 3) Embassy of Japan in Bolivia
  64. ^ Tonga approaching a powerful cyclone declares an emergency(February 2018, 2) AFP
  65. ^ Sri Lanka is the epitome of a world that leans to the right-emergency statement due to delay in hate speech regulation(March 2018, 3) Yahoo! News
  66. ^ Two people dead, three missing in Oman after cyclone(June 2018, 5) Reuters News
  67. ^ State of emergency declared in the Highlands (Papua New Guinea)(June 2018, 6) PIC
  68. ^ Hawaii approaching hurricane, president declares emergency AFP (January 2018, 8)
  69. ^ Issuance of Emergency Situation (Belize City) Embassy of Japan in Jamaica (September 2018, 9)
  70. ^ Cholera expanded in Zimbabwe, 20 dead, state of emergency declared in capital CNN (January 2018, 9)
  71. ^ Burkina Faso Issuance of Emergency Declaration Nihombashi Yumeya (January 2019, 1)
  72. ^ "A lot of ferocious polar bears roam... Declaration of emergency on Russian island”. AFP (July 2019, 2). 2019/2/10Browse.
  73. ^ "U.S. Trump administration to declare state of emergency for construction of" border wall "". NHK News (NHK). https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20190215/k10011815671000.html 2019/2/16Browse. 
  74. ^ Gold mine inundation, 24 deaths declared state of emergency Mainichi Newspaper (a 2019th, 19)
  75. ^ Sudanese Parliament Approves Presidential Declaration of Emergency AFP (January 2019, 3)
  76. ^ Cyclone damage and Malawi Seibo Japan (April 2019, 4)
  77. ^ UN WFP strengthens emergency response to cyclones and floods in Mozambique WFP (March 2019, 3)
  78. ^ Sri Lanka declares emergency, terrorist attacks, dead 310 Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2019, 4)
  79. ^ Honduras dengue fever declared emergency declaration Nihombashi Yumeya (January 2019, 6)
  80. ^ Details of areas subject to emergency declaration Embassy of Japan in Jamaica (September 2019, 7)
  81. ^ Information on the issuance of hygiene emergency declarations against Zika virus infection and dengue in Peru Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare Quarantine Station (August 2019, 8)
  82. ^ Wildfire state of emergency announced on an island in eastern Greece TV Tokyo News (August 2019, 8)
  83. ^ Bananas disappear from the table? New Panama disease goes to South America Nationalism (August 2019, 8)
  84. ^ State of emergency in eastern Chad = President due to intensified collision JIJI (August 2019, 8)
  85. ^ State of emergency declared in Bolivia due to forest fire sputnik japan (August 2019, 8)
  86. ^ Hurricane, Florida landing on the 2nd or declaration of emergency(March 2019, 8) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  87. ^ Guatemala Calling attention to the state of emergency -Nihonbashi Yumeya
  88. ^ Regarding the issuance of an emergency situation declaration following the radicalization of the Ecuador strike(March 2019, 10) Nihombashi Yumeya
  89. ^ "State of emergency declared in Chile's capital, violence over subway fares”. AFP (July 2019, 10). 2019/11/3Browse.
  90. ^ Bolivia, presidential election declared emergency situation suspected of intervention(March 2019, 10) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  91. ^ Israel bombs Gaza and announces emergency(November 2019, 11) TRT
  92. ^ Congo (joint) monthly report November 2019
  93. ^ Extension of the emergency declaration Travel Sun
  94. ^ Albanian earthquake continues to rescue 28 dead(November 2019, 11) JIJI
  95. ^ Eastern Kingston Area Emergency Declaration Target Area Map (Issued January 2020, 1)(Jan 2020, 1) Embassy of Japan in Jamaica
  96. ^ "Italy declares emergency with new coronavirus, first domestic infection confirmed“Reuters” May 2020, 1.2020/2/1Browse.
  97. ^ Micronesia Presidential Office Declaration of Emergency for New Coronavirus(March 2020, 2) Nihombashi Yumeya
  98. ^ Marshall Suspension of air and sea routes with China, Hong Kong and Macau(March 2020, 2) Nihombashi Yumeya
  99. ^ South Korea declares emergency due to spread of coronavirus(March 2020, 3) ParsToday
  100. ^ Declaration of emergency due to new pneumonia in Herat, Afghanistan(March 2020, 3) ParsToday
  101. ^ Presidential Emergency Order in Bishkek Embassy of Japan in Kyrgyzstan
  102. ^ Declaration of emergency in all three Baltic countries and restrictions on foreign entry(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  103. ^ Declaration of emergency in France following pandemic of new coronavirus(March 2020, 3) ParsToday
  104. ^ Measures for new coronavirus infection by the Guatemalan government (general)(Read April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Guatemala
  105. ^ COVID19 Related Information 7(March 2020, 3) Viking Co., Ltd.
  106. ^ "Hungary declares an emergency Situation ban on new viruses such as Italy”(Japanese). NHK News. 2020/4/5Browse.
  107. ^ Confirmed first person infected with new coronavirus, issued national emergency declaration(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  108. ^ Argentinian flight stop from Europe and America in new Corona(March 2020, 3) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  109. ^ "Czech Republic declares emergency Slovakia closes border". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 2020/4/5Browse.
  110. ^ Even in Venezuela in South America, the new Corona economic collapse makes it difficult to prevent(March 2020, 3) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  111. ^ New Coronavirus: Latvian Government Declares Emergency Situation(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Latvia
  112. ^ "Trump declares emergency with new Corona”(Japanese). www.afpbb.com. 2020/3/13Browse.
  113. ^ Confirmed the first new corona infection in Uruguay, currency depreciation(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  114. ^ Estonian Government Announces Emergency Situation Regarding New Corona Infection(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Estonia
  115. ^ "Spain declares emergency to reduce spread". NHK News. 2020/4/5Browse.
  116. ^ National Emergency Declaration on the New Coronavirus in Panama(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Panama
  117. ^ New Coronavirus-related information (extension of the expiration date of measures to spread infection accompanying declaration of emergency)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Bulgaria
  118. ^ Issuance of emergency declaration regarding the new coronavirus(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in El Salvador
  119. ^ [Poland] Prohibition of entry by foreigners-With the spread of coronavirus infection [Declaration of emergency](March 2020, 3) European navigation
  120. ^ Coronavirus infection (Honduras: Stay-at-home order issued: As of 3:16 pm on March 9)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Honduras
  121. ^ "Libya declares emergency situation Temporary administration, airports etc closed”(Japanese). Tokyo Newspaper. 2020/3/13Browse.
  122. ^ "State of emergency declared in Kazakhstan Concerns over spread of infection in Central Africa". NHK News. 2020/4/5Browse.
  123. ^ Information on new coronaviruses in Slovakia (declaration of emergency, etc.)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Slovakia
  124. ^ "Status of new coronaviruses in Serbia (PDF)”. Embassy of Japan in Serbia. 2020/3/27Browse.
  125. ^ First community-acquired president declares emergency(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  126. ^ New Coronavirus in Peru (National Emergency Ordinance-Part 2)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Peru
  127. ^ "South Africa National Emergency Situation Prohibition of entry from Italy". NHK News. 2020/4/5Browse.
  128. ^ Alert regarding the new coronavirus (9: State of emergency)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Maldives
  129. ^ Lebanon defaults, state of emergency declared against coronavirus, major airports closed(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  130. ^ Armenian government declares emergency against new coronavirus(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  131. ^ New coronavirus (situation until 6:16 on the XNUMXth)(May 2020, 5) Embassy of Japan in Ecuador
  132. ^ Announcement of the National Emergency Declaration in Costa Rica(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Costa Rica
  133. ^ Switzerland also declares an emergency situation: store bans, entry restrictions(March 2020, 3) Tokyo Shimbun
  134. ^ Lebanon, Jordan, and Sudan are limited to economic activities due to extension of international flight suspension and outing restrictions(March 2020, 4) JETRO
  135. ^ New coronavirus infectious disease (restriction on night out due to public health emergency)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Paraguay
  136. ^ Finnish government declares emergency with new coronavirus measures(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  137. ^ "Romanian government announces emergency”(Japanese). Business report. 2020/3/24Browse.
  138. ^ New Coronavirus Information (South Africa, Eswatini, Lesotho Information)(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in South Africa
  139. ^ The government issued an emergency declaration and announced 10 economic measures(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  140. ^ New Coronavirus Measures (Sao Tome and Principe: Emergency State Declaration on Public Health dated 17th)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Gabon
  141. ^ Namibia Monthly Report (March 2020)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Namibia
  142. ^ Information on the new coronavirus in Palau (March 3th)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Palau
  143. ^ Alert about new coronavirus(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Luxembourg
  144. ^ Australia's "emergency declaration" de facto ban on new corona(March 2020, 3) Sankei Biz
  145. ^ [Emergency] [New Coronavirus] Declaration of emergency(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Macedonia
  146. ^ Declaration of emergency due to expansion of new coronavirus infection, impact on Japanese companies due to blockade of some local governments(March 2020, 3) JETRO
  147. ^ New Coronavirus Information (South Africa, Eswatini, Lesotho Information)(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in South Africa
  148. ^ Issuance of a curfew by the government of the Dominican Republic(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in the Dominican Republic
  149. ^ Haiti first confirmed new coronavirus infected person(March 2020, 3) Nihombashi Yumeya
  150. ^ Alert about new coronavirus (partial relaxation of emergency orders)(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Samoa
  151. ^ About National Restrictions Notice(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Tonga
  152. ^ New coronavirus (infection control measures in the Bahamas)(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Bahamas
  153. ^ "New Coronavirus Brazil declares emergency". NHK News. 2020/4/5Browse.
  154. ^ Regarding the National Disaster Declaration by President Mutarika(2020 March 3) Embassy of Japan in Malawi
  155. ^ New coronavirus (sanitary emergency, long-term stay, health consultation)(2020 March 3) Embassy of Japan in Morocco
  156. ^ Declaration of national emergency(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Georgia
  157. ^ Declaration of national health emergency and implementation of inspections for Madagascar immigrants within 14 days(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Madagascar
  158. ^ a b c d Monthly situation report for 6 countries returning to the East Caribbean countries (March 2020) -Embassy of Japan in Trinidad and Tobago (read April 2020, 4)
  159. ^ Sierra Leone's New Coronavirus Measures (Part 6): National Emergency Situation (1 Year)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Ghana
  160. ^ Congo (People) Declaration of Emergency: Border closure, Kinshasa-Prohibition of traffic between states, etc.(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  161. ^ Declaration of emergency in Senegal: Prohibition of movement between cities, restrictions on transportation, etc.(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Senegal
  162. ^ Coronavirus Response <Papua New Guinea> Latest Information(April 2020, 4) Nippon Express Pelican Travel Net
  163. ^ "NZ declares national emergency”(Japanese). Kobe Shimbun NEXT. 2020/3/24Browse.
  164. ^ "Thailand, new corona to declare emergency situation Number of infected people ... (Photo = Reuters)”(Japanese). Nikkei newspaper electronic version. 2020/3/24Browse.
  165. ^ Alert about the new coronavirus (Vanuatu government announced "Emergency Declaration")(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Vanuatu
  166. ^ Fiji alert for new coronavirus(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Fiji
  167. ^ New Coronavirus Infectious Diseases: Announcement of Presidential Decree on Declaration of Emergency(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Angola
  168. ^ Declaration of Emergency Situation in Guinea Due to Epidemic of New Coronavirus: Border Blockade, Regulations on Transportation, etc.(2020 3 年 月 日 26)
  169. ^ Strengthening measures against the new coronavirus (Niger (Part 3))(2020 3 年 月 日 27)
  170. ^ East Timor Banned foreigners from entering the country (March 2020, 3 28:00 to April 00, 4:26)(March 2020, 3) Nihombashi Yumeya
  171. ^ Announcement of hygiene emergency declaration (Mexico)(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Mexico
  172. ^ Equatorial Guinea: Prime Minister's Ordinance on Extension of Hygiene Emergency Declaration and New Measures(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Equatorial Guinea
  173. ^ New Corona virus protection-Botswana declared a state of emergency(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Botswana
  174. ^ Strengthening measures against the new coronavirus (Togo (Part 3))(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Ivory Coast
  175. ^ Declaration of emergency situation nationwide, prohibition of going out at night from 4 April, daytime, shops, banks are open(March 2020, 3) Embassy of Japan in Belize
  176. ^ The "actual situation" of the new corona that cannot be seen in numbers Africa where poverty is serious(March 2020, 4) Sankei Biz
  177. ^ Ukrainian new coronavirus countermeasures (addition of prohibitions, penalties, etc .: April 4)(2020 4 年 月 日 5)Embassy of Japan in Ukraine
  178. ^ Prime Minister Abe declared an emergency situation 7 prefectures Effectiveness Until May 5 -NHKNEWSWEB, delivered at 2020:4 on April 7, 18.
  179. ^ Declaration of emergency, spread all over the country Until next month, 6th month Corona infection explosion sense of crisis-Government(April 2020, 4) Jiji Press
  180. ^ Declaration of national emergency with new coronavirus countermeasures (Ethiopia)(March 2020, 4) JETRO
  181. ^ Liberia National Emergency Situation (April 2020, 4-)(March 2020, 4) Nihombashi Yumeya
  182. ^ Downtown only watched by mannequins(February 2020, 4) AFP
  183. ^ Temporary interruption of inter-city traffic in Mongolia(March 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Gabon
  184. ^ [Correction] New Coronavirus Measures (Health Emergency Declaration: Great Libreville Blockade)(April 2020, 4) Embassy of Japan in Mongolia
  185. ^ Is corona infected person outbreak in North Korea?(March 2020, 7) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  186. ^ [Summary] Response to new coronavirus infections(January 2021, 1) WAVOC
  187. ^ 30 countries around the world are implementing the strictest measures such as emergency declarations and city blockades(March 2020, 3) Japanese version of People's Network
  188. ^ New virus, which country will reach the end in the world?(April 2020, 4) BBC NEWS JAPAN
  189. ^ Somalia declares emergency situation Kenya is the worst outbreak in the last 70 years(February 2020, 2) Japan Agricultural Newspaper
  190. ^ Fuel spill accident in Russia's Arctic, climate change-permafrost melts(June 2020, 6) bloomberg
  191. ^ "Ministry of Agriculture declares phytosanitary emergency for South American grasshopper hordes”(Japanese). JETRO. 2020/7/4Browse.
  192. ^ [{https://jp.reuters.com/article/lebanon-security-blast-cabinet-idJPKCN2512D5 Lebanon State of Emergency Declares Beirut Explosion to 135 Dead] (August 2020, 8) Reuters
  193. ^ MOL's ship aground, Mauritius “environmental emergency declaration”... Request for heavy oil recovery cooperation(So-net, August 2020, 8)
  194. ^ California wildfire declares "emergency"(ParsToday, August 2020, 8)
  195. ^ Liberia declares state of emergency for sex crimes(ASC, September 2020, 9)
  196. ^ Liberia declares state of emergency for sex crimes(AFP, September 2020, 9)
  197. ^ Hygiene emergency declaration reissued throughout France(March 2020, 10) JETRO
  198. ^ Spain declares state of emergency again Italy also restricts food and beverage business(March 2020, 10) Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  199. ^ Extension of the Portuguese State of Emergency (until December 2020, 12)(March 2020, 12) Nihombashi Yumeya
  200. ^ "State of emergency in the Kyrgyz capital spreads political unrest-Livedoor News”(Japanese). news.livedoor.com. 2020/10/13Browse.
  201. ^ "Thailand's big blow, anti-government demonstration continued, state of emergency, capital outflow and tourism reconstruction fear of retreat"SankeiBiz" Sankei Digital, October 2020, 10.2020/11/13Browse.
  202. ^ "Tochigi Prefecture Declaration Cancellation Relaxation is step by step". NHK News. 2021/2/14Browse.
  203. ^ "State of emergency Canceled today in 6 prefectures excluding the Greater Tokyo Area". NHK News. 2021/3/1Browse.
  204. ^ Announced tomorrow's state of emergency, to announce restaurants that do not respond to time saving requests at XNUMX:XNUMX pm(January 2021, 1) TBS NEWS
  205. ^ "Declaration of emergency Expanded to 11 prefectures Government refrains from going out unnecessarily during the day". NHK News. 2020/1/14Browse.
  206. ^ Malaysia declares state of emergency in Corona Possibility of prolonging administration(Nihon Keizai Shimbun, August 2021, 1)
  207. ^ "Declaration of emergency, announced in Tokyo, Osaka, Kyoto, Hyogo ... XNUMX days from XNUMXth to May XNUMXth". Yomiuri Shimbun Online. Yomiuri Shimbun Tokyo Head Office (September 2021, 4). 2021/4/26Browse.
  208. ^ "Government decides to extend state of emergency in 4 prefectures Aichi and Fukuoka until 31st". Mainichi Newspapers. Mainichi Shimbun (September 2021, 5). 2021/5/10Browse.
  209. ^ Japan Broadcasting Corporation. “Declaration of emergency in Hokkaido, Okayama, Hiroshima Government policy change subcommittee approval". NHK News. 2021/5/14Browse.
  210. ^ "Declaration of emergency in Okinawa Prefecture Government officially decided until June 6". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. Nihon Keizai Shimbun (September 2021, 5). 2021/5/25Browse.
  211. ^ "Declaration of emergency in 9 prefectures Decided to extend until 20th next month Government". NHK NEWS WEB. Japan Broadcasting Corporation (September 2021, 5). 2021/5/28Browse.
  212. ^ a b "Handing over the cooperation money to the restaurant ... The fourth "declaration" was announced in Tokyo, Okinawa was extended". Yomiuri Shimbun Online. Yomiuri Shimbun Tokyo Head Office (September 2021, 7). 2021/7/9Browse.
  213. ^ "Texas Retreats Economic Resumption-Houston Declares State of Emergency”(Japanese). Bloomberg.com. 2020/6/27Browse.
  214. ^ London UK declares serious incident, corona infection "out of control"(REUTERS, January 2021, 1)
  215. ^ Jakarta declares emergency in new Corona request to stop using office -Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  216. ^ "Foot-and-mouth disease, culling of more than 11 heads, Chief Cabinet Secretary, considering all heads" Asahi Shimbun, May 2010, 5 evening edition (Tokyo head office version), page 18.
  217. ^ "Yahoo! search". search.yahoo.co.jp. 2021/1/7Browse.
  218. ^ Dear citizens, New Coronavirus emergency declaration - Hokkaido GovernmentOfficial homepage, viewed on February 2020, 2.
  219. ^ Emergency Declaration (Corona) - Hokkaido GovernmentOfficial homepage, viewed on February 2020, 3.
  220. ^ "Aichi prefecture's own "emergency declaration" seeks refrain from going out and moving”. NHKNEWSWEB. 2020/4/10Browse.
  221. ^ Aichi Prefecture issues emergency declaration(Chunichi Shimbun, August 2020, 8)
  222. ^ a b “Municipal movements one after another The government is cautious about adding more Emergency declaration one week” (jp). Mainichi Daily News(July 2020, 4). https://mainichi.jp/articles/20200414/k00/00m/010/238000c 2020/11/29Browse. 
  223. ^ Gifu Prefecture declares a second state of emergency(Chunichi Shimbun, August 2020, 7)
  224. ^ Governor of Mie Prefecture "One step before an emergency" New virus infections one after another Emergency alert declaration(Ise Shimbun, August 2020, 8)
  225. ^ "3 Municipalities to "declare a joint emergency" Nasu Shiobara, Otawara, Nasu | Local topics, society | Shimotsuke Shinbun "SOON" News | New pneumonia-COVID19- | Shimotsuke Shinbun SOON”(Japanese). Shimotsuke Newspaper SOON. 2020/5/1Browse.
  226. ^ Okinawa Prefecture's original "emergency declaration" Call for refraining from going out without unnecessary urgency(NHK, July 2020, 7)
  227. ^ Okinawa Prefecture's original warning level "Infestation spread" to be extended to the declaration(NHK, July 2020, 8)
  228. ^ Okinawa extends its own state of emergency again until September 9th Be wary of spreading infection in the old tray(Ryukyu Shimpo, August 2020, 8)
  229. ^ Fukuoka Prefecture Official Home Page "Fukuoka Prefecture Corona Warning" Activation and Future Responses (August 8)
  230. ^ "Fukuoka Corona Warning" cancellation is also decided to partially review the trigger index ". West Japan Newspaper (Nishi-Nippon Shimbun). (March 2020, 10). https://www.nishinippon.co.jp/item/n/652571/ 2020/10/9Browse. 
  231. ^ "Fukuoka Prefecture to activate its own" corona warning "... the second time since August". Yomiuri Shimbun (Yomiuri Shimbun). (October 2020, 12). https://www.yomiuri.co.jp/national/20201212-OYT1T50223/ 2020/12/12Browse. 
  232. ^ Okayama Prefecture Medical Emergency Declaration “Even if infected, it is not always possible to be hospitalized”(NHK, July 2020, 12)
  233. ^ Governor Miyagi Murai issues his own state of emergency due to a rapid increase in infected people(NHK NEWS WEB, March 2021, 3)
  234. ^ Unique emergency declaration for Yamagata City The number of people infected with the new corona is increasing rapidly(NHK NEWS WEB, March 2021, 3)
  235. ^ Declaration of emergency in Sagae City New Corona(Yamagata News Online, March 2021, 3)
  236. ^ Fukui Prefecture's own "state of emergency" spread of new corona infection(Nikkei, viewed May 2021, 5)
  237. ^ <Breaking news> Ishikawa Prefecture declares its own emergency situation Requests to refrain from going out unnecessarily after XNUMX:XNUMX pm Until the end of May(Hokkoku Shimbun DIGITAL, May 2021, 5)
  238. ^ Yemen and cholera continue to grow, killing 1 in a month Asahi Shimbun Digital (June 2017, 6) Read June 3, 2017

Related item

外部 リンク

Osaka

Osaka(Osaka Prefecture,British: Osaka Prefecture) IsJapan OfKinkiに 位置 す るPrefecture.Prefectural office TheOsaka.

Overview

The location of the government office isOsaka.Regulatory country OfSettsuEastern (7county)andKawachi countryとIzumi countryIt consists of the whole area ofSetagawa IzumiIt is also called (impossible), but from Kyoto PrefectureKashidaWhole area andKameokaPart ofTransboundary transferSince 1958Tamba countryThe southeastern part (a small part) is also included. In addition,Sakai prefectureFrom 1881 of transfer to 1887 of Nara re-installation,YamatoIt also included the entire area of.

Kinki OfEconomy-TransportationIs the center ofpopulationIs the third largest in Japan with about 883 people (9,000 census).Daytime populationas well as the The population density TheTokyoIt is second only to the whole country.Gross domestic productIs actually the 2nd place in the whole country and the nominal 3rd place in the whole country.The entire prefectureOsaka metropolitan areaBelongs to and highly advancedUrbanizationWas doneRegionThere are many.

Economist Intelligence UnitIn the "Most Liveable Cities" ranking (2019 edition) byVienna,Melbourne,SydneyRanked 4rd in the world after[1].America OfBrookings InstitutionBut the main in the worldBig cityIn 7 categoriesSortIn the research I did, Osaka (HanshinMetropolitan area)ニ ュ ー ヨ ー ク,UK,Paris,Tokyo,Los AngelesWith the bestratingof"globalGiantIt was evaluated.

Ancient times,Emperor JimmuTo Naniwasaki before the coronationIkutama ShrineFounded.Kofun period,Emperor OshinNamba Osumimiya (Naniwa Osumi no Miya)Emperor Nintoku OfNamba Takatsunomiya(Naniwa no Takatsunomiya),Emperor KinmeiNamba Celebration Tsunomiya (Naniwa no Hafuritsunomiya) was run.Namba Kozu Shrine is also simply Kozu Shrine.CurrentTakatsunomiya (Takatsu Shrine)Is said to have begun by exploring the ruins of this palace, building a shrine there, and performing a ritual.Osaka CastleWas around[2].Emperor Kotoku OfDifficult wavelength pattern Tonomiya(First half of Namba Palace),Emperor Shomu OfNamba Palace(Late Namba Palace) etc.,NagaokakyoConsistently until the capital movedcapital,ShadoWas treated as a (vice capital).

中 世The names "Osaka" and "Osaka" have appeared inMeijiTo "Osaka(Osaka)Was revised." "Slope"Uemachi PlateauIt is said to be derived from.In addition, "Naniwa" (Naniwa), which is said to be a corruption of "Namihaya"Naniwa-Namba・ Naniwa / Naniwa) ”has been called until now.Central TokyoIt is often used as another name for a department.

For Osaka before modern timesOsakaSee also.

Geography/Region

Osaka Prefecture is located in the central part of the Kinki region and borders Kyoto Prefecture, Nara Prefecture, Hyogo Prefecture and Wakayama Prefecture. Since ancient timesAboveIt is a key point for water transportation leading to. SouthwestOsaka Bay.

Formerly the smallest prefectures (46th isKagawa), but on October 1988, 10Geographical Survey InstituteReviewed the calculation method,OkayamaTamano-shiKagawa Prefecture where there is an undecided part betweenNaoshima TownBecause the area of ​​Kagawa prefecture (14.2 km²) was not included in the total area of ​​the prefecture, the area of ​​Kagawa prefecture decreased and it was reversed to Osaka prefecture, and it was ranked 46th.[3][4].. Then in OsakaKIXLand reclamation was promoted due to the opening of the port and the development of the western part of Osaka City, etc.[5].

climate

The whole area of ​​Osaka prefectureSeto Inland Sea climate, Which is warm throughout the year, has few rainy days in Japan, andHeat islandThe phenomenon is remarkable, and it is difficult for the nighttime temperature to drop. In the winter, the plains often have little snow, even a few centimeters.

nature Park

Adjacent municipalities

Municipalities

Currently, there are a total of 33 cities, 9 cities, 1 towns and 43 village in Osaka Prefecture.MunicipalitiesThere is (of these,Government-designated city2 cities,Core city7 cities,Special city at the time of enforcement2 cities). The way to read the town is "chou". There is only one village, Chihaya Akasaka Village, and the village is read as "mura". Osaka Prefecture has 1 cities with a population of 10 or more, the largest number in Japan. If Osaka is divided into 22 areas, it will be Toyono area, Mishima area, Osaka city, Kitakawachi area, Nakakochi area, Minamikawachi area, Senboku area, Sennan area. On April 8, 2006, Sakai City moved to an ordinance-designated city,FukuokaAfter Kanagawa Prefecture, it became a prefecture with multiple ordinance-designated cities. In addition, on April 4 of the following year, following Osaka Prefecture,ShizuokaIs also a prefecture with multiple ordinance-designated cities.

List of municipalities

Ordinance-designated cities, core cities, and special cities at the time of enforcement市町村Are arranged in order of enforcement. Area classification is defined by Osaka Prefecture[6] by.

OsakaToyonoMishimaSenbokuSennanKitakawachiNakakochiMinamikawachi
Government-designated city
      
Core city
    
Special city at the time of enforcement
      
Other municipalities
 

Administrative region of ordinance-designated city

Osaka City is now 4 wards as of November 5 after undergoing 2017 reorganizations from the original 11 wards. It is the largest number of administrative districts in ordinance-designated cities. In addition, at the maximum, it was 24 wards, which is two more wards.

CityYearAdministrative district
L
Saka
City
August, 1889
August, 1925
August, 1932
August, 1943
August, 1974
August, 1989
  • Chuo-ku(Prefecture building location)
  • Kita(City Hall location)
Sakai
City
August, 2006

Wide bowl(Kobo)

According to the Geographical Survey Institute's national prefectural areas by area, Osaka Prefecture has an area of ​​1905.14 square kilometers.[7].

The ends of north, south, east, and west of Osaka Prefecture are as follows:[8][9].. North endTenno PassNear the south endOsaka Prefectural Route 751The west-southwest and eastern end of the Saruzaka Pass isTanabe Nishi InterchangeThe southwest and western ends are just west of Sumiyoshi Shrine in Misaki Town. AlsoStatistics BureauAccording to the 22 census, the population center of gravity is near 1 Tsuruhashi, Ikuno-ku, Osaka[10].

Center of gravity
North Latitude 34 Degrees 37 Minutes 34 Seconds East longitude 135 degree 30 min 30 sec /34.62611 degrees north latitude 135.50833 degrees east longitude / 34.62611; 135.50833 (Center of gravity of Osaka)

Northern end
North Latitude 35 Degrees 03 Minutes 05 Seconds East longitude 135 degree 21 min 06 sec /35.05139 degrees north latitude 135.35167 degrees east longitude / 35.05139; 135.35167 (The northernmost tip of Osaka Prefecture)
↑
Center of gravity
North Latitude 34 Degrees 39 Minutes 47.55 Seconds East longitude 135 degree 31 min 53.29 sec /34.6632083 degrees north latitude 135.5314694 degrees east longitude / 34.6632083; 135.5314694 (Osaka center of population)
West end
North Latitude 34 Degrees 18 Minutes 54 Seconds East longitude 135 degree 05 min 36 sec /34.31500 degrees north latitude 135.09333 degrees east longitude / 34.31500; 135.09333 (The westernmost part of Osaka Prefecture)←
Osaka Prefectural Government Office Location
North Latitude 34 Degrees 41 Minutes 11 Seconds East longitude 135 degree 31 min 12 sec /34.68639 degrees north latitude 135.52000 degrees east longitude / 34.68639; 135.52000 (Osaka Prefectural Government)
Eastern end
→North Latitude 34 Degrees 48 Minutes 06 Seconds East longitude 135 degree 44 min 48 sec /34.80167 degrees north latitude 135.74667 degrees east longitude / 34.80167; 135.74667 (The easternmost point of Osaka Prefecture)
—↓
Southern tip
North Latitude 34 Degrees 16 Minutes 19 Seconds East longitude 135 degree 06 min 41 sec /34.27194 degrees north latitude 135.11139 degrees east longitude / 34.27194; 135.11139 (The southernmost tip of Osaka Prefecture)

History

Ancient to modern

Mr. Otomo,Mr. MonobeIs the place whereAncient timesIt was a port city and was the center of domestic distribution.Seto Inland SeaNear the Sumiyoshi Taisha Shrine (Sumiyoshi Ward, Osaka City) as the end point of the route passing throughSumiyoshitsu,NambatsuWas working. SumiyoshitsuYamato kingshipSumiyoshi Taisha, which was in charge of managing Sumiyoshitsu, had a deep connection withShrinewas. Emperor JimmuBefore the coronation, in NambazakiIkutama ShrineFounded.Kofun period,Emperor OshinNamba Osumimiya (Naniwa Osumi no Miya) and "Record of Ancient Matters"Or"Japanese calligraphy"according toEmperor NintokuEstablished the capital in Namba and designated it as Namba Kozu Shrine.Uemachi PlateauToEmperor KinmeiNamba Celebration Tsunomiya (Naniwa no Hafuritsunomiya),Emperor Kotoku,Emperor Shomu OfNamba Palace(Naniwa no Miya) etc. were run (#Overviewreference). Also,Anti-Emperor OfTanbi Shiba Umiya,Emperor KeitaiThe camphor tree (Emperor Keitai #Imperial Palace),Emperor SatatsuBaekje Oimiya (Emperor Satada # Imperial PalaceThe current land of Osaka Prefecture, etc.Palace,Miyakonojo,PalaceAnd the capital were placed. Daisen Tomb (Emperor Nintoku/Sakai City)Mozu Bird Burial Mounds,Old city tombsLarge and smallTomb of the Emperor/Old tombWas built around the Kawachi area.Emperor SuikoNew Year (593) Is the Ikutama Shrine andSumiyoshi TaishaIs said to be the oldest in Japan on the Uemachi plateau whereTempleIsShitennoji(Tennoji Ward, Osaka City) was built,Otomi's strange(DahuaFirst year645>) Later, Emperor KotokuTransfer of capital, Difficult wavelength patternThe first half of the year(Chuo-ku, Osaka City) was built, and after that, with the use of the national name of JapanEraIs said to have begun to be used. After that, Namba Palace (Late Namba Palace) And so oncapital,Sub capitalWas placed.

Heian periodIs located at the mouth of the Yodo River,京都And tied by water transport (Watanabe Tsu), The relationship through this water transport thenMeiji EraWill continue until the railway is laid. In the early Heian periodConqueror General OfSakaue Tamura MaroThe third son ofHirono Sakagami SettsuSumiyoshi-gunHiranoshoBecame the lord of (Hirano Ward, Osaka City) and said to be the descendantMr. SakagamiThe clan was responsible for the autonomy of the plains of the Middle Ages.

In the middle of Heian period,GenmanchuEldest son ofYorimitsuIs Tada of Settsu (currently:HyogoKawanishi CityNear), the third sonTrustIs Tsuchii in Kawachi (currentHabikino) Respectively. Of this,Gen Seiwathe first classGen KawachiBecame known and was known as Yorinobu's grandson, Taro HachimanOriginatorBecame the master of the samurai following the Bando warriors, and Minamikawachi in Osaka PrefecturesamuraiBecome the center of The XNUMXth generation descendants of this source familyKamakura ShogunateopenYoritomo GengenIs. Also, start with Minamoto no YorimitsuGenji SettsuAt the Noro Party,Gen Saga OfSourceDraw the flow ofWatanabe TsunaAncestorMr. WatanabeNear the current NakanoshimaWatanabe TsuWas the headquarters. [In the latter half of the Heian period, it was called Motosuga in the middle of KawachiHiraoka ShrineBecame a samurai group fromMr. MizusashiA clan emerged and became a major force by controlling the water transportation of the Yamato River and its tributaries.

Kamakura PeriodFrom the endNorthern and Northern DynastiesTo KawachiVillainOf a local Australian calledMasanari SuzukiCame out and played an active part. Mr. Kusunoki, including Masanari,Southern DynastyOften used by Kawachi as a leading military commanderTakashi AshikagaEt al.North morningBut MasanariBattle of MinatogawaAnd that childStraight lineAlsoBattle of ShijonawateHe died in battle and eventually weakened his power.

Muromachi PeriodWhen you enter KawachiMr. HatakeyamaHowever, in Settsu and IzumiMr. HosokawaRespectivelyGuardianWas entrusted to. However, both houses are three of the ShogunateJurisdictionIt is a family name that is named after the house, and the actual political affairs areGuardian feeWas often held byHigo countryKumamoto DomainMr. Hosokawa, who is the master of each, is a branch of the family that served as Izumi guardian).

Onin's rebellionrear,Sengoku periodWhen entering, both Mr. Hatakeyama and Mr. HosokawaFamilyIt was extremely confusing from the battle over.At this time, Sakai (Sakai City) IsCongregationWealthy calledTownspeopleHas formed a self-governing city centered around, and replaced Hyogo MinatoNichimei TradingProsperous as a relay port oftea ceremonyIs nurturing such a culture. Settsu Kuni Plain is alsoConqueror General OfSakaue Tamura MaroOf the childHirono SakagamiIs said to be a descendant ofSueyoshiIt flourished as an autonomous city by the townspeople around the Hirano seven famous households, and in Ishiyama of SettsuHokkeI left Kyoto because of the conflict with my followers.Jodo Shinshu OfLotus Ishiyama HonganjiErected. On the other hand, it is the vassals of Mr. Hosokawa who newly gained power in this area.AwakuniMr. Miyoshi, who was originally from Japan, was once proud of his power as a backing for the general,Nagayoshi MiyoshiAfter his death, he was weakened by the struggles of his family and then emerged.Oda NobunagaSuccumbed to. Was the head of the Jodo Shinshu sect for Nobunaga, who is expanding power in this regionObviousCalled on uprising to followers all over the country, and also held himself at Ishiyama Honganji Temple to confront Oda. thisIshiyama battleLasts for 10 years, but in the endTensho8 years(1580The end was reached by surrendering the Honganji Temple.

After Nobunaga's death, he inherited that territoryHideyoshi ToyotomiStarted the construction of Osaka Castle, which is their residence, on the site of Ishiyama Honganji Temple. This castle uses the terrain that originates from the mouth of the Yodo and Yamato rivers, and even the castle town is surrounded by a moat to be part of the castle.Delicate structureIt was a huge one. Its unrivaled firmnessOsaka winter teamIt was proved by, and at this time, the gatherer couldn't get inside. However, the moat was reclaimed until the summer, and the castle lost its function.ToyotomiWas destroyed.

Edo PeriodUpon entering Osaka, Osaka prospered again as a major economic and commercial center of the country.World kitchenWas called. Osaka, where routes from all over the country are gathered, is lined with warehouses of various domains, and since it was also a gathering place for products from various countries, we handle them.YodoyaA big merchant also appeared. Above all, it was a concentrated area of ​​annual tribute riceDojimaThen the world's first public establishmentFutures tradingSword "Dojima Rice ChamberIs opened,NakanoshimaWith it became the center of the Osaka economy. In an environment that matures as an economic city, various arts have also grown and developed. The center of the upper culture gradually moved from Kyoto to Osaka,Ibara NishitsuruAnd playwrightChikamatsu MonzaemonSuch a writer,Akinari Ueda-Tominaga NakamotoHas produced a number of excellent scholars who have a name in the history of posterity. It also originated from the Uemura Bunrakuken play that emerged in the same period.Bunraku(OsakaNingyo JoruriPlay)2009(Heisei21 years)UNESCO OfIntangible cultural heritageRegistered in.Tempo8 years(1837)Positive studyWas holding a private school, Senshin-dongHeihachiro OshioFor poverty reliefHeihachiro Oshio's RebellionCausedBakumatsu,Ogata KoanWas openVocational schoolFromFukuzawa Yukichi,Masashiro Omura,Keisuke OtoriAnd so on, it created the talent that represented the Meiji era. [In addition, the clan placed in the Edo period has Osaka Castle (Settsukuni) under the direct control of the Shogunate,Takatsuki Domain,Asada Domain, In KawachiTannan Domain,Sayama DomainHowever, in Izumi countryHakuta Domain,Kishiwada Domainwas there. ]

Transition of local system in the first year of the Meiji era

Keio4 years/MeijiFirst yearMay 1(1868On February 2th, the Meiji governmentOsakazindaiDecided to install.May 1The Osaka Court was set up in Osaka[Annotation 1]Was renamed. April Establishment of the Agricultural Bureau in the Osaka Court, which has jurisdiction over the surrounding area excluding town areas. May 4, established in Osaka Prefecture. May 5, established in Nara Prefecture. June 2 The Osaka Prefectural Agriculture Department splits north and south. June 5, established in Sakai Prefecture. Meiji 19May 1(1869(February 2) Hokuji Agricultural BureauSettsu prefecture, Nanji Agriculture BureauKawachi PrefectureRenamed to. May 5 SettsuToyosaki PrefectureRenamed to. August 8 Merged Toyosaki prefecture into Hyogo prefecture and Kawachi prefecture into Sakai prefecture. September 2, Former Sumiyoshi-gun, Toyosaki PrefectureTosei District-Nishinari-gunIncorporated. December 12 Merged Sayama domain into Sakai prefecture. 26rd year of MeijiMay 2(1870May 3) Sakai prefectureIshikawa-Nishikibe-gunPart ofGojo prefectureTransferred to. 4th year of MeijiMay 7(1871May 8)Abandoned Domain.May 11(February 12)Takatsuki Prefecture,AsadaMerged with Osaka Prefecture. Former Toyosaki PrefectureShimakami-gun-Shimashita-Toshima-Nose-gunIncorporated. November 4, 11 〈1872January 1〉)Kishiwada-Haku prefecture-Yoshimi Prefecture-TannanAnd a part of Gojo prefecture was transferred to Sakai prefecture.1876(Meiji 9) April 4, merged Nara Prefecture into Sakai Prefecture.1881(Meiji 14) February 2 Merged Sakai prefecture into Osaka prefecture.1887(20th year of Meiji) Nara prefecture was relocated on November 11th. (The date until 4 is the lunar calendar, and the current Nara prefecture area is an outline)

The area of ​​jurisdiction at the time of the establishment of Osaka Prefecture was 61 villages in Tosei-gun, Settsu-gun (Osaka Town Magistrate34 villages,Osaka castle22 villages,Kyoto office2 villages,Odawara Domain5 villages), 132 villages in Nishinari-gun (117 villages in Osaka Prefecture,Flag territory6 villages,Tayasu Tokugawa family9 villages,Kannomiya2 villages in the family territory, 37 villages in Sumiyoshi-gun (17 villages in Osaka, 14 villages in Sumiyoshi Taisha, 8 villages in the Odawara domain), Kawachi countryKatano-gun1 villages (Kano DomainDepository)Met.

Since modern times

Meiji RestorationAfter that, the capital function is from KyotoTokyoOsaka temporarily declined due to the move to Osaka and the fact that the Kurayashiki became unnecessary.Osaka was hit hard by the Meiji government's disposal of clan bonds, but commerce and industry developed mainly in the textile-related and other light industry sectors, and "OrientalManchester"The best commercial and industrial area in the Orient"[11] Is called, and the company that survives as a large company has risenMecenatWas actively done. In this eraHanshin ModernismIs called.1925(TaishoIn 14), the city of Osaka merged with the surrounding area to expand the city area, and at that timeGreat Kanto EarthquakeWas hit byTokyo cityIt has become the city with the largest population in Japan (Great Osaka era).

During the warThe city was attributed to Kaijin due to a thorough bombing of a machine shop in Amagasaki, a Mint in Chuo Ward, a commercial district in the center, and a port facility. In addition, a factory was relocated to the prefecture to avoid air raids during this period, which became the basis of industry in the post-war satellite city.

After the war,High economic growthEntering the period,Hanshin Industrial AreaThe economy of Osaka prefecture, where the ratio of light industry was high, began to look like a blockage. Heavy industry, which was a flower industry at the time, was demilitarized after the war.Osaka Artillery ArsenalIt has been hit hard by the disappearance of many (small and medium-sized enterprises as a complementary function, although there are still rooted companies), attracting and increasing the size of shallow coastlines such as Osaka Prefecture. It was said that it was difficult (in evidence that there are many large ships such as between Hanshin and easy to enter, heavy industry exists), and that it was relocated to another land as a measure against pollution.

In addition, due to the postwar legislation, Osaka's unique servant system has declined, and the focus of commerce has shifted to Tokyo.As a result, donations from wealthy people who supported Osaka culture with soil texture (meaning doshobone, do guts) that do not rely on the government have decreased.Due to poor government leadership, economic and cultural power has declined.In addition to these1964(Showa39 years)Factories Restriction Law, Industrial Relocation Promotion Act in 1972, 1973Factory location methodSuch asFactory three methodsWas enacted one after another. In 1966Central Region Development and Maintenance ActWas established and the manufacturing industryKinki areaからChukyo areaIt became a trigger to leak to and was a blow to Osaka.

1970From March 3th to September 15th at the Senri Hills in Suita CityJapan World ExpositionWas held.AsiaThe 1970 Osaka Expo, which was held for the first time, attracted about 6421 million visitors and was the largest expo at that time.The site of the venue is nowExpo Memorial ParkHas been maintained as.

1994 years,QuanzhouOffshoreKIXOpening of port.It will be the world's first fully artificial island marine airport.After that, with the completion of the second island (second runway) in 2007, it became Japan's first complete 2-hour airport.

1995(Heisei7 years)Great Hanshin-Awaji EarthquakeThen, the seismic intensity is about 4 in Osaka city[Annotation 2] Although there was little direct damage in the area, strong earthquakes hit areas such as Toyonaka City, killing 9 people and causing major damage to homes. Other,life lineIt was affected not a little by the disruption of transportation and paralysis of transportation.

The 1995th meeting held for the first time in Japan on November 11, 19APECSummit meeting held in Osaka City.

From around 1992 to 2008Summer olympicAlthough the idea of ​​attracting people was raised, in July 2001IOC General AssemblyLost in (Details).

In 2002FIFA World CupPart ofNagai StadiumIt was held in.The games will be played against England, against Japan, which decided the final tournament, and in the quarterfinals.

In 2007, at Nagai Stadium in Osaka City2007 World Athletics ChampionshipsWas held.AthleticsIt is the highest international competition for the country, and the number of participating countries has reached 200.

2018May 6ToNorthern Osaka EarthquakeOccurs.OsakaKitaChayamachi,Takatsuki,Ibaraki City,Hirakata,Minoh CityWe observed a seismic intensity of 6 lower.It was the first time that an earthquake observing a seismic intensity of 6 lower occurred in Osaka prefecture since we started collecting statistics.

November 2018, 11 (Japan time),France・ Held in ParisBRBy the general meeting2025 International ExpoIt was decided to invite Osaka.

The 2019th G6 Summit, which will be held for the first time in Japan on June 28th and 29th, 14 (G20 Osaka Summit) Is Osaka CitySuminoe WardIt was held in.JapanesePrime Minister AbeAs chairmanPresident Trump(Rice),Putin(Dew),Xi Jinping Jintao(During),Prime Minister May(UK),President Macron(Buddha),Merkel(Germany) and others come to Osaka.It was the largest international conference ever held in Japan.

population

Osaka PrefecturepopulationHas a nighttime population of about 884 million (3rd in Japan),Daytime populationIs about 924 million (second in the country).At noonCommuting-Commuting to schoolDue to such factors, there is an inflow of nearly 70 people (net inflow of more than 40 people) from neighboring prefectures.Vital statistics are from other prefecturesForeign countriesDue to the influx of population fromTransferThe number of deaths is high while it is in excessBornSince the number is much higher than the number, in recent yearsEstimated populationIs on a slight downward trend. The number of over-migrants in Japan in 2020 was +13,356 (5th in Japan), and the number of births in 2020 wasBulletinThe number was 63,277 (second in the country) on a value basis.

2015CensusLooking at the population increase and decrease from the previous survey, there is uneven distribution in Osaka city depending on the ward.9 central wards of OsakaWhile the population is increasing, the northern and southernmost wards are declining.Looking at the entire prefecture,OsakaとHokusetsuWhile the population is increasing in the areaHanoiWith the areaQuanzhouIn the area, the population is declining.

The highest rate of increase in 72 cities, wards, towns and villages that divided Osaka and Sakai into wards is

  • 1st = Chuo-ku, Osaka, 2nd = Naniwa-ku, Osaka, 3rd = Kita-ku, 4th = Nishi-ku, Osaka, 5th = Tennoji-ku, Osaka, 6th = Fukushima-ku, Osaka

On the other hand,

  • 1st place = Nose Town, 2nd place = Chihayaakasaka Village, 3rd place = Toyono Town, 4th place = Misaki Town, 5th place = Nishinari Ward, Osaka City, 6th place = Taisho Ward, Osaka City.[12].
Demography27000.svg
Population distribution by age in Osaka and Japan (2005)Osaka Prefecture Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
■Purple-Osaka
■Green-All over Japan
■Blue-male
■Red-female

Changes in the population of Osaka Prefecture
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

Politics

Prefectural government

Osaka Prefectural Government

Since fiscal 2014, Osaka Prefecture has implemented a business to provide health information such as medicines, infectious diseases, specific medical examinations, and incurable disease subsidy programs to 185 pharmacies in the prefecture to support the health promotion of residents. Satisfaction of visitors is also "Generally well received"[13].

Administrative and financial reform

2006SettlementExpected to be 4 million yendebtThe amount is about 17 trillion yen in Tokyo,HokkaidoIt was the second largest scale after about 5 trillion yen.The real debt service ratio in 2,000 was 18%, the 15.6th in Japan.[14].. Therefore, if the current level of progress is maintained in 2007,Fiscal rebuilding organization(In a private company, "bankruptcyThe outlook specified in) was shown.It seemed that the fall of the financial reconstruction group in 2007 was avoided by the progress of the administrative and financial reforms, but the repayment of government bonds (debt) was partially postponed, and a total of about 3 billion yen was raised in three years. It was nothing more than a drastic solution to the problem.In addition, due to the large amount of debt caused by huge projects such as the second phase of construction at Kansai International Airport, the possibility of a financial reconstruction group falling was still present.Moreover, in January 2600, the problem of "hidden deficit" was discovered.

Since 2004, Osaka Prefecture has been pretending to have a smaller deficit than it actually is by postponing the repayment of debt.However, due to the repayment deadline, the number of government bonds increased sharply."I had no intention of hiding it," said a senior official of the prefecture. "I had to take this approach to avoid falling into a reconstruction organization."Regarding the repayment method of local bonds, the former Ministry of Home Affairs notified that 10% of the principal will be repaid in the 42th year and the rest will be refinanced.[Annotation 3] It is supposed to be[15].Extraordinary financial measures bond[Annotation 4] Increased from 1 billion yen to 7167 billion yen.The balance of government bonds decreased from 2 billion yen to 2853 billion yen[16].. January 2008, 1, at that timeFusae OtaThe governor of Osaka Prefecture officially acknowledged the fact, saying, "Measures to prevent becoming a reconstruction organization. It may be inappropriate, but it was unavoidable."[17].

2008 year 2 month,Tohashi HashishitaBecame the governor of Osaka Prefecture. "Osaka Metropolitan concept”Double administrationAnnounced that it aims to "develop Osaka" with the spring of efficiency improvement by eliminating the problem.Osaka Prefecture and Osaka City estimate the "annual effect amount created by the city plan" to be up to 916 billion yen.[18]..In his second year in office, he achieved a financial surplus in Osaka Prefecture.[19].. Under the bridgeOsaka mayor electionAccompanied by a race2011 Osaka Governor ElectionThen, Hashishita will be the representativeOsaka Restoration SocietySecretary-General Ichiro Matsui was elected (Hashishita was elected mayor of Osaka).

In 2012, the repayment of more than 5500 billion yen of prefecture debt (prefecture bonds) was achieved, and the savings of the prefecture, which was 10 billion yen, increased to 800 billion yen.[20].

Successive elected governors

TenureNameNumber of wins
1947/4/12 - 1959/4/22Bunzo Akama(Akaman Bunzou)3 times
1959/4/25 - 1971/4/22Yoshitoshi Sato(Ginsen Sato)3 times
1971/4/23 - 1979/4/22Ryoichi Kuroda(Kuroda Ryoichi)2 times
1979/4/23 - 1991/4/22Kishi Masaru(Kishikae)3 times
1991/4/23 - 1995/4/22Kazuo Nakagawa(Nakazu Kazuo)1 times
1995/4/23 - 1999/12/27Yamada Isamu(Isamu Yamada)(Knock Yokoyama)2 times
2000/2/6 - 2008/2/5Fusae Saito(Saito)(Fusae Ota)2 times
2008/2/6 - 2011/10/31Tohashi Hashishita(Toru Hashimoto)1 times
2011/11/28[21] - 2019/3/24Ichiro Matsui(Ichirou)2 times
2019/4/8 -Yoshimura Hirofumi(Yoshimura Hirofumi)1 times

Osaka Prefectural Assembly

finance

30
19
  • Fiscal strength index 0.79
    • I Group (Financial Power Index 0.5 or higher) 17nd out of 2 municipalities
18
  • Fiscal strength index 0.75
    • I Group (Financial Power Index 0.5 or higher) 16nd out of 3 municipalities
  • Standard financial scale Â¥1 billion
  • General account revenue 3 billion yen
  • General account expenditure 3 billion yen
  • Real balance of general account △135 million yen (deficit) It is rare that the real balance of the prefecture is in the red.
  • Current account ratio 96.6% (prefectural average 92.6)
  • Real debt service ratio: 16.7% (prefecture average: 14.7%) *Note: The figures are not accurate because the figures were used during the period of governor Ota.
  • Municipal bond per capita current outstanding amount 49 yen (prefectural average 6296 yen)
  • Personnel expenses per person, property expenses, etc. settlement amount 10 yen (prefectural average 6621 yen)
  • Number of employees per population 100,000: 977.61 (prefecture average: 1,173.11)
  • Laspeyres index 97.0 (Prefecture average 99.6)

Balance of local bonds, etc.

  • Local account balance of local account 4 million yen
  • Local government bond (corporate bond) balance of special account such as public enterprises 5312 million yen
  • Debt balance of the third sector (including foundations) 3 million yen
    • Major breakdown: Osaka Prefecture Housing Supply Corporation 1390 million yen Osaka Prefecture Highway Corporation 6000 million yen Osaka Prefecture Land Development Corporation 1218 million yen

Total of local bonds, etc. 5 million yen (consolidated accounting)

  • Balance of local bonds, etc. per Osaka citizen 58 yen (consolidated accounting)
    • In terms of the amount of local bond outstanding per citizen of the prefecture, for example, there are prefectures with more severe financial conditions than Osaka prefecture, such as Shimane prefecture 140 yen and Tottori prefecture 3407 100 yen.
17
  • Fiscal strength index 0.71
    • I Group (Financial Power Index 0.5 or higher) 10nd out of 3 municipalities
16
  • Fiscal strength index 0.69
    • I Group (Financial Power Index 0.5 or higher) 8nd out of 3 municipalities

National politics

House of Representatives OfSmall districtIs 19.House of CouncilorsThen, 1 ward is constructed in all prefectures.

Economic and industrial

Cities such as Chuo Ward and Kita Ward in Osaka CityCentraldistrict(Downtown) AsOsaka metropolitan areaOrKeihanshin metropolitan areaFormed.These are some of the biggest in the worldEconomic zoneIs.Osaka prefectureDefinitionAbove, the whole area belongs to the Osaka metropolitan area.

Incidentally,Takatsuki,HirakataAlthough the cities in northeastern Osaka are in the Osaka metropolitan areaKyoto CityMany commute to work or school.SimilarlyKyoto,ShigaEach city ofDefinitionAboveKyoto metropolitan areaAlthough it is included in, many people commute to work or school in Osaka.HyogoEven on the sideKobe metropolitan areaA similar case has occurred with Keihanshin, which is rare in the world.Metroplex(Complex metropolitan area) ”(independent metropolitan areas are connected / one metropolitan area → all are applicable).As a similar caseAmerica OfDallas/Fort Worth Complex Metropolitan AreaIs mentioned.

Osaka prefectureCommercial(Primary industry) AndIndustrial(Primary industry) Is highly developedPrimary industryThe ratio is low.In recent yearsInternational tourismThe industry is also thriving, and foreigners in 2019touristThe visit rate was the highest in Japan.In addition, the city of the future prefecturepolicyAs,life scienceIndustry金融The company plans to focus on industry.

Osaka Prefecture's gross domestic product exceeds 40 trillion yen,Denmark and Malaysia OfGDPHas an economic scale that exceeds[22]..In the Keihanshin metropolitan areaGross productExceeds 80 trillion yen,Saudi Arabia,トルコ OfGDPComparable to.

The United Kingdom Ofthink tank2021 "World" announced byFinancial centerOsaka is ranked as the 32nd largest financial center in the world in the Index (GFCI)[23].

Economy

Gross domestic product
年度nominalSubstanceCertainty
Heisei 1538 billion yen40 billion yenConfirmation
Heisei 1638 billion yen40 billion yenConfirmation
Heisei 1739 billion yen41 billion yenEarly estimation
Heisei 2135 billion yen38 billion yenConfirmation
Heisei 2638 billion yen37 billion yenConfirmation
Heisei 2838 billion yen37 billion yenConfirmation
Heisei 2940 trillion070000 million yen38 billion yenConfirmation
Source: Osaka Prefectural Accounts[24]

industry

Main industrial parks in Osaka

Main companies with head office and head office in Osaka Prefecture

Following the Tokyo metropolitan area, there are the second largest companies with their head office and head office in Osaka Prefecture.

Electric machinery
Content industry, entertainment, sports
Food/Beverage
Fiber products
Chemistry/Pharmaceuticals
Construction/civil engineering
Housing/real estate industry
Distribution/Service
Cars and related
Land/Sea/Air/Warehouse
Other industries
Foundations, corporations, etc.

Life and transportation

Policemen

Fire

Transportation

Train

Tokyo·Kanagawa-Nara-OkinawaLike all railroad lines in the prefectureElectrificationHas been done. However,West Japan Railway Company(JR West Japan) from OsakaBantan LineLimited Express viaHamakazeFrom OsakaTakayama Main LineLimited Express via(Wide view) Hida"When,京都Departs and stops at Shin-Osaka Station, Osaka Station,Sanyo Main Line-Chizu Express-Cause lineLimited express viaSupermarketIsTokaido Main LineTo pass through the prefecture, but to pass the non-electrified section outside OsakaRailcarIs used. All JR lines are the same as in Kanagawa, Kagawa and Shiga prefectures.Main lineso,Local transportation lineDoes not exist. In addition, mainly in the suburbs of Osaka on the JR WestUrban networkIC in the areaBoarding cardof"ICOCAHas been introduced (except for some routes/sections).

The railway network in Osaka prefecture has a large proportion of private railways,Private Railway Kingdom/KansaiIs called. In addition, the electric railway companies in Osaka areDepartment store,HotelWe carry out diversified management such as. Furthermore, in October 2006Business integration between Hankyu and HanshinThen,Hankyu Hanshin Toho GroupWas born. Private railway companies andOsaka City High Speed ​​Electric Orbit In (Osaka Metro) etc., the Kansai common card system "Surutto KANSAI""PiTaPa"(All except some routes/sections) are available. Also,Automatic ticket gateHas a high maintenance rate,Kitasenri StationIs the first station installed in Japan. The only railroad track in JapanTransportation IC card nationwide mutual use servicePrefectures that can use IC cards compatible with.

ShinkansenShin-Osaka Station is the only station in the prefecture. However, in the northeastern areas such as Takatsuki and Hirakata,Tokaido ShinkansenThe main way to transfer to is to use Kyoto Station in Kyoto Prefecture. Run in Osaka cityOsaka Metro Midosuji LineAnd JROsaka Loop LineThere are severalTerminal stationIs formed, and not only is it a wide area for access within the prefecture, but it is also a base for access to neighboring prefectures. For example,Railway station in Umeda area(Osaka station, Umeda station, etc.) is the largest terminal station in western Japan,Kobe City・To each downtown area of ​​Kyoto,Sannomiya20 minutes at the shortest (using JR),Shijo KawaramachiYou can go to (use Hankyu) in about 40 minutes.

Terminal station
Contact within Osaka Prefecture
Contact to neighboring prefectures
Contact to major cities in Japan

bus

In addition to this, the local government operates by consigning it to a private company.Community busThere is also.

道路

During the winter, roads in the plains of Osaka Prefecture are rarely covered with snow, so car tires are available all year round.Radial tireYou can drive in.

toll road
General national road
Main local roads/general prefectural roads

空港

KeihanshinMetropolitan areaIs the main airport ofKansai three airportsOf these, 2 airports exist in Osaka Prefecture. The other one isKobe AirportIn KobePort IslandIt exists offshore.

  • Osaka International Airport(Osaka Airport/Itami Airport)-"Osaka Second Airfield" opened in 1939. An airport that spans Toyonaka, Ikeda, and Itami, Hyogo prefectures. Following the opening of Kansai International Airport,international"Airport" is the official name, with a few exceptions[Annotation 11] There are no international flights except for, and it is used as a main airport exclusively for domestic flights.
  • KIX(Kansai Airport/Kanku)-In 1994QuanzhouOpened offshore. Only one of the three Kansai Airports has regular international flights, and millions of passengers serve as the gateway to Japan's air in Kansai every year.[Annotation 12] OfForeignerTourismCustomers visit. Although it has fewer flights than Osaka International Airport, it has a well-developed domestic network.
  • Yao Airport -In 1933 the current Hanshin Flight SchoolTraining facilityInstalled as. No regular flights at small and medium-sized airports[Annotation 13] But,General aviationIt is a base ofwealthy classIs also used.SDF-Osaka Prefectural PoliceIncluding,公共 機関Also use.

Port

SortPort
International strategic port
International base port
Important port
Local port
  • Two-color port
  • Izumisano Port
  • Quanzhou Port
  • Ozaki Port
  • Awawa Port
  • Shenzhen Port
Fishing port
  • Sakai (Dejima) fishing port
  • Ishizu fishing port
  • Takaishi fishing port
  • Kishiwada fishing port
  • Sano Fishing Port (Sano Food Complex)
  • Tajiri fishing port
  • Okada fishing port
  • Nishi Tottori fishing port
  • Shimoso fishing port
  • Awawa Fishing Port
  • Fukaichi Fishing Port
  • Kojima fishing port

Medical and welfare

  • Osaka Restoration SocietyWith the cooperation of Osaka Cancer Circulation Prevention Center, based on the analysis result of the receipt data, reviewed the management of the hospital in order to generate the budget necessary for improving medical services.[25]
  • In 2019, the first system in Japan to cover "treatment costs for childhood cancer patients" at public expense was established.Osaka Heavy Ion Therapy CenterNow, let's concentrate the radiation on the cancer cellsHeavy ion radiotherapyHowever, public medical insurance is not currently applied to "treatment costs for childhood cancer patients".[26]. 

Disaster base hospital

Nursery

Education

  • In Osaka Prefecture, private high schools are basically free.Osaka Restoration SocietyAchieved a free of charge by "reducing the number of members of the Osaka Prefectural Assembly" and "disposing of problematic staff."[27].
  • As an organization for the purpose of exchange between universities in Osaka prefecture, exchange with the Osaka business community, exchange with high schools in Osaka prefecture, dissemination of internships, etc.University Consortium OsakaThere is. Also, as a similar organization by universities and junior colleges in the South Osaka area,South Osaka Area University ConsortiumThere is.

University

National University Corporation
Public university corporation
private university
Branch of foreign university

other than thisFudan universityIs reported to be opening a base[28].

Junior college

College of technology

Vocational school

Special school

high school

Junior high school

primary school

Kindergarten

学会

Mass media

Newspapers and news agencies

Broadcaster

National internet programsOf course, for Kansai 2 and 4 prefecturesLocal showActively produced,Audience,listenerGot a certain rating from. Also,"Kansai localThe production capacity of these programs, including the ones of ", is very high. Most of thisQuasi-key station.

Wide area broadcasting, prefectural broadcasting, foreign language broadcasting

NHK Osaka (Comprehensive/FM), TV Osaka and FM Osaka, FM802Osaka PrefectureOnly for. The otherKinki wide areaIs the service area. Also, in Osaka BayKii ChannelAcrossSpilloverThere is only one commercial TV station due toTokushimaHowever, there are many areas where you can watch and listen.

Broadcasting stations in neighboring prefecturesNHK Kobe Broadcasting Station (1ch) andSun TV(Kobe City·Independent station.. 3ch) can be viewed throughout Osaka[29] so,NHK Kyoto Broadcasting Station (1ch) KBS Kyoto(Kyoto City, Independent Bureau. 5ch) can also be viewed mainly in the Hokusetsu and Kitakawachi regions. Further south of Izumisano CityNHK Wakayama Broadcasting Station (1ch)TV Wakayama(Independent station. 5ch) and Tokushima prefectureShikoku Broadcasting(1ch. NTV/NNN/NNS system)NHK Tokushima Broadcasting Station (3ch) is also available for viewing. In addition, in Takatsuki City, Shimamoto Town, Hirakata City, Shijonawate City, Minamikawachi Region, etc.NHK Nara Broadcasting Station (1ch) andNara TV(Independent station. 9ch) can also be received. AM radio from daytimeRadio kansai (558 kHz) can be received all day in most areas of the prefecture, and KBS Kyoto (1143 kHz) can be received well, especially in the northern part of the prefecture.At the southern end of the prefectureWakayama Broadcasting (1431 kHz), but in the southwestern part of the prefectureShikoku Broadcasting (1269 kHz) is audible.

FM radio is in HyogoKiss FM KOBE, Kyoto Prefectureα-stationCan be heard in most of Osaka Prefecture. In the neighboring Wakayama and Nara prefectures, local FM radio stations have not yet opened (as of March 2019).

Community broadcasting

Cable TV

Operates in OsakaCable TVHas been consolidated and integrated into the following groups.

In Osaka prefecture, HFC cable TV cannot be watched only in Takaishi City, Toyono-gun (Nose-cho/Toyono-cho), Minamikochi-gun (Henan-cho/Taishi-cho/Chihaya-Akasaka-mura), the mountains of Hirakata and Ibaraki. In these areas, FTTH eo optical television can be viewed as an alternative. Hirakata City was onceKay CatWas discontinued due to the merger with K Opticom and the aging of HFC facilities.

Culture/Sport

dialect

Food culture:

local cuisine

Traditional crafts

Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry

Traditional crafts

Music

Folk song

Local song

Sports

Sightseeing and historic sites

world Cultural Heritage

The city of Sakai, Fujiidera and Habikino"Mozu Kofun Group and Furuichi Kofun Group"On July 2019, 7world Cultural HeritageRegistered in.[30].

Mozu Bird Burial Mounds

  • Emperor NintokuLing Ancient Tomb (Mt. Ooyama Ancient Tomb)
  • EmperorBurial mound
  • Anti-Shrine Emperor's Mausoleum
  • Itsuke old tomb
  • Nisanzai Tomb

Etc., 47 units.

Old city tombs

  • Hodayama Tumulus (Emperor OshinRyo Kofun)
  • Nakatsuyama burial mound (Nakazu burial mound)
  • Ichinoyama Tumulus (