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🏛 | Suggesting relaxation of requests to department stores, Mr. Yoshimura of Osaka, ban on alcoholic beverages is under discussion


Governor Hirofumi Yoshimura of Osaka Prefecture responding to the photo interview = Osaka City on the afternoon of the 14th

Suggesting relaxation of requests to department stores, Mr. Yoshimura of Osaka, ban on alcoholic beverages is under discussion

 
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He reiterated the idea that it is important to shift to "priority measures such as prevention of spread" that can request shortening of business hours.
 

Governor Hirofumi Yoshimura of Osaka Prefecture said on the 14th that if the new coronavirus emergency declaration is lifted on the 20th, the department store ... → Continue reading

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Sales

Sales(Eigyo) means to carry out business for the purpose of profit.From here, a certain act is said to be business.It is also used as a term to refer to a collection of corporate activities.Each will be described in detail below.

Sales as an act

Definition of sales

Sales as a human actProfit(In the usual senseprofitIt means to carry out business for the purpose of (in other words, acquisition of). "Running" in the case of "running a restaurant or liquor store" means "business", and "business" in the case of "business hours" often posted at the storefront also means exactly this.

As explained above, the general wisdomCommercial lawAccording to the regulations ofPerforming the same kind of actions continuously and repeatedly for the purpose of "profitable"Refers to.

  1. As a result, as long as it is for commercial purposesIf you couldn't make a profitBut it corresponds to business.
  2. Initially, as long as there is an intention to continue / repeatIf you quit onceBut it corresponds to sales[1].

For example, in the case of restaurants and liquor stores, opening a store and selling it is generally called "sales", but even if the store is temporarily closed, in-house meetings, POP and leaflet production, etc. If you are doing distribution and exhibition, site creation and information update, ordering work, inventory check and inventory control, store cleaning, employee education, customer support, product shipping, market research, business trips and inspections, etc.We are doing business as a corporationIs considered[2]..The same is true even if these do not directly or indirectly bring benefits.

Classification in commercial conduct

About commercial conductCommercial lawThe business activities of "sales" can be classified as follows.

  • Absolute business practices
Whether it is a business or not, it is a commercial act. (Article 501 of the Commercial Code)
  • Commercial conduct
What is done as a business is a commercial act. (Article 502 of the Commercial Code)
  • Ancillary business practices
The act that a merchant does for its business is a commercial act. (Article 503 of the Commercial Code)

Furthermore, as a commercial act under the special law,Underwriting of trust,Inexhaustibleand so on.For this reason, those who engage in these acts are "merchants."In addition, if the same kind of act is repeated for the purpose of profit, it falls under business.[3].

Occupations not applicable to sales

  • Acts of doctors, lawyers, etc. that do not fall under the above-mentioned commercial acts are not "business".The same applies to school corporations and teachers.
  • Even if a primitive producer such as agriculture, fishery, or livestock industry sells its product without having a store, it is not a "sales" because it is excluded from the concept of a merchant.
  • Since the proviso of Article 502 of the Commercial Code stipulates that "the act of a person who manufactures goods or engages in labor exclusively for the purpose of earning wages is not limited to this", acts such as office workers and internal employment are also included. Not in business[4].

Sales as a profession

Although it is a business that is carried out for commercial purposes, promoting activities such as selling some kind of product is sometimes called "sales" in particular.The person in charge"Sales" "Salesperson" "Salesman" "Salesman"And so on.In a broad sense, it refers to the department in charge of negotiations with customers (sales department).

In addition,singer(EspeciallyEnkaSinger)EntertainerIs a relatively small box office (In-store eventIn some cases it is called business. Sales in this case are mainlytv set,radioな どMass mediaIt is used to contrast with the work that is exposed to many people through.

Legal business means repeating certain actions for commercial purposes. The problem with this conceptCommercial Code Article 502It is in the interpretation of business commerce prescribed in. The actions listed in Article 502 of the Commercial Code are not repeated until they are repeatedly and continuously performed for the purpose of profit.Business practiceIs said to be.

Sales as the name of all corporate activities

Legally, sales may be used as a term that refers to overall corporate activities such as corporate assets and their operating methods, rather than individual actions. People and companiesBusiness transferThe term "sales" does not mean the act of commercial purpose itself, but rather the equipment used for corporate activities andReceivable-debtSuch asKnow-howFacts with economic value such as customer information, customer information, and suppliers (“Goodwill"Also referred to as")[5].

Business day, business hours

The day of business (ie,Days OffNon-business days) are called business days, and the time from the start of business to the end of business is called business hours.In some cases, such as financial institutions and customs business operators, laws and regulations stipulate regulations on business days and business hours.In addition, as a legal term, especiallybusinessmanFor companies that are not (if assumed), the word "sales" may be avoided and different terms may be used.

The following are available for business days.

The following items correspond to business hours.

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ National Tax Agency. “Significance of sales”. Laws, etc.> Questions and Answers> Stamp Duty (National Tax Agency). https://www.nta.go.jp/law/shitsugi/inshi/19/01.htm 2021/7/10Browse. 
  2. ^ Even if the general customer is notified of "closed today" or "temporarily closed", the company will be treated as a business.
  3. ^ National Tax Agency. “Significance of sales”. Laws, etc.> Questions and Answers> Stamp Duty (National Tax Agency). https://www.nta.go.jp/law/shitsugi/inshi/19/01.htm 2021/7/10Browse. 
  4. ^ National Tax Agency. “Significance of sales”. Laws, etc.> Questions and Answers> Stamp Duty (National Tax Agency). https://www.nta.go.jp/law/shitsugi/inshi/19/01.htm 2021/7/10Browse. 
  5. ^ Hiroshi Kaneko et al., “Literary Dictionary of Law (new edition)” (Yuhikaku, 1994)

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