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🏛 | Governor of Saga Prefecture gives lectures to high school students nationwide


Governor Yoshinori Yamaguchi (left) who talked about the ideal leader theory in a photo online lecture = Saga Prefectural Office in Saga City

Lectures by the Governor of Saga Prefecture and high school students nationwide as leaders who value the field

 
If you write the contents roughly
Immediately after assuming the post of governor, in January 2015, a bird flu outbreak occurred in Saga prefecture, and he went to the scene. However, if I could grasp it with my own eyes, I thought I could give instructions based on that. "
 

Governor Yoshinori Yamaguchi of Saga Prefecture 28 ... → Continue reading

 Saga Shimbun


Wikipedia related words

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bird-flu

bird-flu(Avian influenza,English: Avian influenza, Avian flu, bird flu) IsInfluenza A virus birdsToinfectionOf the birds that wake upInfection.Bird fluAlso written as.Also,Bird fluOrBird fluとAbbreviationMay be done.It should be noted that, commonly, the avian influenza virus that causes these may be abbreviated as avian influenza.

Waterfowl (waterfowl)ofIntestinesProliferates in tubes and between birds (in water)shitInfects the vector.In waterfowl, infection does not cause the host to develop.ウ イ ル スInside家禽Kind ofChicken-Quail-TurkeyVery expensive when infected withPathogenicityThere is something that brings.Such a typeHighly pathogenic avian influenza(HPAI), All over the worldPoultry industryIs a threat to us.

Overview

The pathogenicity of the virus isGOOSEJudgment is made according to the judgment criteria set by.Domestic animal infectious disease prevention methodNow, among the influenza A viruses that infect poultry, infections caused by highly pathogenic strains regardless of HA subtypeHighly pathogenic avian influenza(HPAI), Infections caused by strains that are less pathogenic but are H5 or H7 subtypesLow pathogenic avian influenza(LPAI) As eachLegal infectious diseaseSubtypes other than H5 and H7 subtypes with low pathogenicitybird-fluAsReported infectious diseaseTo distinguish[1].

Bird flu is literally "bird flu"Human capitalIs infectedinfluenzaIs different from.Humans causing human fluInfluenza virusAnd causes bird fluAvian influenza virusIs an animal to be infected (Host) Is different, it is generally considered that the ability of avian influenza virus to directly infect humans is low, and that even if infected, human-to-human transmission is unlikely to occur.

However, there have been reports of cases in which humans are infected due to contact with a large amount of virus or the constitution of the host.H5N1 subtype virusInfections and illnesses in humans that come into contact with poultry have been reported.However, infected people are against human and avian influenza viruses.ReceptorHad.

In addition, the human influenza virus itself, the avian influenza virus of waterfowl, in some processMutationBecause it is thought that it was born from the above, avian influenza virus and human influenza virus are mixed and mutated, and a virus with the ability to infect between humans (human-human infection) was born.HXNUMXNXNUMX influenzaIt has also been pointed out that there is a risk of occurrence.In the future it will be an explosive infection (Pandemic), So the trend of bird flu infection is being watched.

When infected with birds

Among the influenza viruses, the one that infects birds is type A, and there are many combinations of antigen type (H1 to H16) x (N1 to N9).Due to species barriers, humans have been thought to be infected only with human influenza and birds with only bird flu, but in recent years highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) has emerged that infects humans.

There are few cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza in humans.JapaneseMinistry of AgricultureMarch 2004, 3, "chicken,Chicken eggsThere are no reports of cases of human infection by eatingAnnounced[2]..However, the mortality rate of infected people is1997 In the 30 epidemic, it was 2004%, but in the 60 epidemic, it was extremely virulently mutated to 70-XNUMX%.However, he points out that these mortality rates are different from the original meaning of "mortality rates" because they have not been serologically investigated.Expert[Who?]There is also.

In addition,The avian influenza virus becomes infectious when heated.Even if there is a virus in the food, if you heat it enough and eat it, you do not have to worry about infection.. JapaneseMinistry of Agriculture"Please heat the poultry meat sufficiently. Eating it unheated or undercooked is not allowed.Food poisoningIt is not recommended from the viewpoint of preventing. "The poultry eggs are produced in Japan with the idea of ​​eating them raw, but those who are uneasy or unwell are heated (WHO heating conditions to prevent food poisoning: central area). It is recommended to do it at 70 ℃ for a moment. "[3].

Relationship with human influenza

The type of human influenza that has been prevalent until now is (H1, H2, H3) × (N1, N2) (humans are also infected with types B and C).Other livestockpig-A horse-mink,wildseal-A whaleInfection is known.The type of virus that infects humans is a virus of waterfowl origin.pigThere is a hypothesis that the virus mutated (crossed) in the pig's body.gene (RNA) By deciphering進化Research supporting phylogenetic analysis has been carried out.

The H5N1 avian influenza virus is transmitted from bird to bird and may infect humans in rare cases, but unlike human influenza virus, the spread of transmission from person to person has not been confirmed.However, due to the widespread and prolonged infection of the avian influenza virus, the risk of mutation in pigs and humans is increasing.Many virologists have already suggested that outbreaks of human influenza may occur in a cycle of 15-20 years since the late 1980s, the last outbreak of influenza.1977 OfSoviet coldIt points out the danger that the Hong Kong bird flu that occurred 20 years later will become a pandemic as a new type of human influenza.who (WHO) has also strengthened its surveillance system for bird flu since the outbreak of the 1997 Hong Kong model, and in 2005, when the bird flu epidemic around the world became a new human influenza due to mutation. Global pandemic (Pandemic) Is warned that it is not strange.If that happens, it is estimated that up to 5 million people will die.

It is virulent to the human body when it is mutated from person to person, but it is thought that the toxicity is reduced in the case of a new influenza virus created by genetic crossing with an existing influenza virus.However, if H5N1 alone is mutated without crossing with human influenza virus and has infectivity to humans, it may remain highly virulent at present.this is,Spanish coldAlthough the virus types of the Soviet and Soviet colds were the same (H1N1 type), it is thought to be one of the causes of the large difference in the number of deaths.

prevention

vaccine

Vaccines for birds have been developed, but virus infection cannot be completely avoided and the onset is suppressed.Therefore, it is misunderstood in Japan that it is ineffective in stopping the spread of the avian influenza virus.In addition, it is said that when a vaccine is used, it becomes impossible to distinguish infected chickens by antibody test and it becomes difficult to detect and eliminate them, but this can be avoided by devising the inoculation method.The virus has been successfully eradicated in areas where overseas vaccines have been used.However, its use is prohibited in Japan.As of February 2011, there are increasing calls from the poultry industry to allow vaccination, as the outbreak of virus from chickens is likely to drop sharply and the epidemic to be suppressed.

Therefore, an effective eradication method is to immediately detect and eliminate chickens, etc. within a range of 5 to 10 km from the point of occurrence.[4]

In the event of a pandemic of "new influenza" that mutates the avian influenza virus and infects humans, suppress the increase of the virus as a temporary measure.Neuraminidase inhibitorIsOseltami Building(Product name Tamiflu)The Nami Building(Product name Relenza) is expected to be effective.Oseltamivir is in SwitzerlandRoche, Zanamivir is in the UKGlaxoSmithKlineSince it is manufactured only by the company (GSK), demand is currently concentrated from all over the world such as the United States and Europe, and it is difficult for Japan to secure it.

Currently, the vaccine is still in clinical trials and is called a "pre-pandemic vaccine."Yoshihiro KawaokaTokyo UniversityDeveloped by a professor at the Institute of Medical ScienceReverse geneticsMade by law[5]..It is said that it takes more than half a year to develop the original vaccine based on the strain after the outbreak of "new influenza", and it is used for the response during that period.Therefore, there is no choice but to take defensive measures such as "avoid overwork and lack of sleep" and "wash hands and gargle" on a daily basis.

Global fashion

In the 1997 HPAI (H5N1) deaths in Hong Kong, chicken flu was immediately taken throughout Hong Kong to avoid a pandemic.

WHO / FAO / OIE Joint Statement

On January 3, 2004, the three agencies issued a joint statement warning about bird flu in Asia, "it could mutate into a highly dangerous human infectious disease that causes a global epidemic."

2005 Raging in Southeast Asia

2005 years,Southeast AsiaHighly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 that is rampant inEuropeHowever, it has been confirmed one after another, and the global crisis is rising.By November, 11 people had died of bird flu in Southeast Asian countries, according to World Health Organization statistics.In Asia, 62 people have been infected with highly pathogenic avian influenza since late 2003, and 133 have died.

Chugoku

ChugokuThe number of poultry raised is close to 150 billion, accounting for one-fifth of the world.In China, not only raw fillets but also caged chickens, pigeons, quails and ducks are sold alive.

  • In June 2005,Qinghai ProvinceでMigratory birdMore than 6000 people died of bird flu, and poultry were infected with bird flu five times that year alone, increasing strict vigilance.
  • In March 2005,Inner MongoliaHohhot City,Anhui ProvinceTianchang,Hunan ProvinceBird flu was reported in Xiangtan County.Anhui ProvinceA 24-year-old woman was infected with bird flu, became ill on October 10, showed symptoms of fever and pneumonia, and died on October 1.
  • Northeast China,LiaoningThen, a large number of chickens have died from bird flu since late October.
  • Liaoning Province in November 2005,Hubei ProvincePoultry are infected with H5N1 type bird flu, and 300 to 2500 birds are dead.Efforts were made to prevent the spread of the infection by disposing of 3-3 million poultry 1 km around the infected area.In addition, on the 250th of the same month, one person each in Hunan and Anhui provinces was confirmed to be infected with bird flu.The Chinese government has further strengthened measures against bird flu by confirming the first human infection in the country.
  • Since October, as a result of focusing on vaccination to prevent the spread of bird flu to poultry, about 10 billion poultry have been released.ImmunologyThe Ministry of Agriculture of China announced on December 2005, 12 that it had.
  • By 2006, the spread of bird flu to humans has spread, so far seven people have been infected and three have died.
  • From November to December 2007JiangsuNanjingThe father and son were infected and the child died.The father was infected from a child and is the first human-to-human transmission case in China.In addition, the father and son have no history of contact with poultry that died of illness, and the route of infection of the offspring remains unknown.Health ministry officials have emphasized that "this situation is already under control" because about 80 people who had contact with the father and son had no abnormalities.
  • In March 2013, three people were infected in Shanghai and two of them died.H7N9 subtypeFour new cases of avian influenza virus have been confirmed in Nanjing and other cities.It seems that they were infected independently without contact with each other.This highly toxic avian influenza has only recently been transmitted to humans until 4.Dream PorkIt may have been mutated to infect humans through such means.

South Korea

  • From October 2006th to 11th, 19, South KoreaWesternJeollabuk-doIksan CityAbout 6000 chickens died at the poultry farm. The Korean National Veterinary Science Quarantine Agency, which received a request for inspection on the night of the 22nd, pointed out the possibility of a virulent avian influenza virus, but only the surviving chickens on the outbreak farm were disposed of, and the hospital was virulent on the 25th. Even after the decision was made, the disposal of 15 chickens in the surrounding poultry farm began on December 12, a week later, and the same virus was found at the quail breeding farm in Zhuang North Province on December 1. It turned out that the spread could not be prevented.
  • With such a slow response (Japanese style)Sealed eradication strategyIs started at the time of "suspicion" of the bird flu virus), and there is a growing view that the virus is widespread in South Korea.Korean bird flu virus is geographically likely to invade Japan through migratory birds, and poultry farms and livestock hygiene centers in Japan are becoming more vigilant.[6].
  • In December 2010, another highly virulent virus broke out.

Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu

Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu OfMekong DeltaOutbreaks of bird flu and human infections are prominent in the area.In this area, it is common for a large number of chickens and ducks to be free-ranged on a family basis, and because of the widespread movement, the avian influenza virus is easily transmitted and hygiene management is inadequate. Is an urgent task.

  • Since December 2003, there have been three outbreaks of bird flu, killing a total of 12 poultry.91 humans are infected, 41 of whom dieThe largest number of deaths has occurred in Southeast Asia.
  • this year[When?]Vaccination of poultry has been started in the summer in anticipation of the outbreak of bird flu in winter, but it is expected that imports will not catch up and will be delayed until winter.In addition, it is estimated that 820 million people will be infected, but the stockpile of antiviral drugs is only about 3%.
  • Since the beginning of October 2005, the area where poultry has been infected with H10N5 avian influenza has spread to 1 cities in 8 provinces.Bac Lieu,Dong Tap Province,Bac Giang Province,Quang Nam Province,Thanh Hoa Province,Hai Duong Province,Hung Yen Province,Ninh Binh ProvinceProvinces and capitalsHanoiandHai Phong CityAvian influenza infection was confirmed in. 15 million birds have been vaccinated against bird flu in 9600 provinces and cities.In addition, the Vietnamese government has compensated 1 dong (about 15000 yen) per bird for the disposal of infected poultry, but farmers have said that it is too small.
  • On November 2005, 11, the Vietnamese government announced that in urban and rural urban areas, especially in Hanoi.Ho Chi Minh CityAnnounced emergency measures to prevent bird flu, which banned poultry breeding in urban areas.
  • In November 2005, poultry infected with bird flu spread to 11 provinces and cities.The new infection was foundQuang Ngai Province,Vinh Phuc Province,Bac Ninh Province3 provinces.
    • On November 11, a ministerial meeting reported that poultry bird flu outbreaks had spread to 19 provinces and cities.The new outbreak is in the northThai Binh Province..The Ministry of Agriculture and Regional Development reported that it occurred in 10 villages in 17 provinces and 62 prefectures from the beginning of October, and about 114 birds were disposed of.Poultry infections are on the rise in northern provinces.The Ministry of Health says that H90N5 virus can infect peopleSince the first outbreak in December 2003, 12 cases have occurred in 32 provinces and cities, killing 92 people.Reported. No new cases have occurred since October 10th.

2006 May 8Two male patients in their thirties who died in the country this month with symptoms similar to bird flu were found to be highly pathogenic H30N2 virus negative in both tests, the Ministry of Health of Vietnam said. In response, he called for caution, saying that there was a suspicion that a new virus of bird flu existed.The ministry's deputy minister said that the H5N1 virus was not detected because a mutation in the virus may have caused a new virus.On August 5, the Vietnamese government ordered strengthening measures against bird flu and measures to prevent interpersonal transmission of H1N8 virus.

2007 May 2Vietnam's Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development has announced that it has basically conquered bird flu.

Indonesia

IndonesiaHowever, it was known that the bird flu virus infects humans and causes death.In 2005, with the help of the World Health Organization (WHO), it was found that nine people had died of bird flu by December.

  • In December 2005, a new 12-year-old boy and 8-year-old man were found dead from bird flu.Eleven people died from bird flu.Confirmed by inspection by the World Health Organization.
  • In May 2006, the same relatives died of a series of bird flu infections in North Sumatra.The World Health Organization (WHO) has confirmed that there was "limited and non-persistent human-to-human transmission." This is the first time it has been confirmed by WHO. WHO acknowledged that this case was a mutation in the H5N5 virus, but it was a very minor mutation and did not raise any serious concerns or alerts.
  • In August 2006, the Indonesian Ministry of Health confirmed the deaths of two new 8-year-old boys and girls.

Russia

RussiaIn, the infection of bird flu was confirmed around Moscow, but there was no official confirmation in Ukraine until December 2005.A state of emergency was issued in the area where the virus was found, and the government conducted a detailed investigation of the virus and a health checkup of the residents.

  • Entering December 2005CrimeaIt is said that a large number of chickens and geese of farmers died in the area, and more than 2000 birds died.
  • 2007 May 2, The Russian government has announced that it has confirmed an outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza near Moscow.This is the second outbreak of bird flu in Russia this year.

America

  • August 2005, 12,AmericaThe government conducted its first desk exercise with the participation of 20 people, including Secretary of Health and Welfare Levitt, Secretary of Homeland Security Chartoff, and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to consider what to do in the event of an outbreak of bird flu.

International measures

International Conference on Bird Flu Countermeasures

Avian Influenza Countermeasures Conference by Government Officials from 30 Countries in CanadaOttawaIt was held for two days from October 2005, 10.At the conference, a total of 25 statements were issued confirming the outbreak of infection and the importance of the leading role of international organizations such as the United Nations.In the same statement(I.e.Recommendations the promotion of research on the transmission of viruses to humans and the expansion of the network of related organizations in the city.

2006 Russia OfSt. PetersburgWill be held inG8 Summit(Group of Eight)AsiaThe top priority was to take measures against bird flu, which spreads mainly in the area.

Participate in the Irrawaddy Chao Playa Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy (ACMECS)Thailand,Cambodia,Laos,Myanmar, Vietnam's Five-Country Summit from November 5st to 2005rd, 11 in ThailandBangkokIt was held in Japan and agreed to prevent bird flu.As measures against bird flu, they agreed to strengthen the monitoring and response system, monitor poultry and livestock, local monitoring and response network, and exchange information between participating countries.

who (WHO) holds expert meeting on bird flu control from November 2005th to 11th, 7GenevaOpened in.Northern hemisphereHowever, as winter has arrived and there are concerns about the spread of infection worldwide due to the arrival of migratory birds, measures such as securing therapeutic drugs were discussed.Also,Africa,South Americaな どDeveloping countriesFinancial support in the event of an outbreak was also an issue.The United States has launched a measure of 71 billion dollars (about 8,200 billion yen).

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Warning

August 2005, 11,United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) says that it is important to prevent viral transmission among poultry in order to prevent the transmission of bird flu to humans, and the extermination of wild birds in cities in some infected countries is the prevention of bird flu. It is meaningless and warns that it distracts attention to poultry infection control activities.

World Health Organization (WHO) Warning to China

August 2005, 12,who The West Pacific Regional Secretary-General of the (WHO) warned that it was too early to see the outbreak situation in China subsided and that further human infections would not come as a surprise. Was urged to strengthen the measures.It also revealed that a sample of avian influenza virus (H5N1 type) collected from birds infected with avian influenza was not provided by China at all.

Bird flu in Japan

Japanese government measures against bird flu

EpidemiologicallyMinistry of Health, Labor and Welfare-National Institute of Infectious Diseases, For poultry farming etc.Ministry of Agriculture,Wild birdaboutMinistry of the EnvironmentIs taking the lead in responding.

Brucellosis,Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy Like (BSE)Domestic animal infectious disease prevention methodbased onLivestock infectious diseaseIt is designated as one of.As soon as the infection is confirmed, the prefectureGovernorBy the authority ofSlaughterAn order has been issued and culling will be carried out based on this order.Also, the number of radii from the outbreak poultry farmkmInspection of chickens raised in other poultry farms within a few tens of kilometers from, and chicken organisms until confirmed to be uninfectedChicken eggsMake a request to refrain from moving.

  • Following the worldwide spread of bird flu in 2005, the Japanese government has set up a meeting of ministries and agencies to combat bird flu.
  • In October 2005, the 10th Conference on Countermeasures for Bird Influenza was held.Until now, the purpose was to respond to the outbreak in domestic chickens, but as the crisis of the outbreak of the new influenza that spreads from person to person is increasing, the government will raise the outbreak in the future with a view to outbreaks in humans. It was decided to correspond.
  • The interim report of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries "Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Infection Route Investigation Team Study Group" on October 2005, 10 isIbarakiViruses found in the pastCentral America,Mexico,GuatemalaIt is pointed out that it is a type close to the one collected in.In addition, it is said that the illegal use of unapproved vaccines by farmers could not be confirmed as the cause of the outbreak of bird flu, which is occurring one after another mainly in Ibaraki prefecture.
  • On November 2005, 11, the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare held a meeting of local government infectious disease officers to explain the national action plan in preparation for the outbreak of pandemic influenza.
  • 2006 year 5 month 30 dayCabinetAnd the H5N1 typeDesignated infectious diseaseIt was decided to.AnnounceOn June 6ndEnforcementIs June 6th.This allowed forced hospitalization and employment restrictions if H12N5 was infected or suspected of being infected.The enforcement period is one year, and it can be extended for only one year.
  • Under the revised Infectious Disease Prevention Law, which came into effect on May 2008, 5, H12N5 avian influenza was introduced.SARSLine up withSecond kind infectious disease(Avian influenza other than H5N1 type is a type XNUMX infectious disease).
  • In 2009, the government's target of 3,000 million vaccine stockpiles was achieved.[7]..However, since the avian influenza vaccine has a three-year expiration date, there is an opinion that the expired vaccine is generated every year and that the applicant should be vaccinated before the expired vaccine is discarded.[7].
  • If a bird flu outbreak occurs in Japan, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and FisheriessupermarketOf retail stores such aschicken-Chicken eggsInvestigation / removal request (request for removal even if there is no actual transaction) indicating that "there is no transaction with the area where bird flu has occurred" at the sales floor, etc.Harmful rumorIs taking measures to prevent[8].

Outbreak of bird flu in Japan

2004 year 2 month,TV AsahiEtc. reported extensively as Japan's first infectionKyotoFunaiKyotanba Town OfAsada Agricultural ProductsHowever, it was already rarely reportedOita,Yamaguchi ,Okayama,MiyazakiSmall-scale outbreaks were seen.At Asada Agricultural Co., Ltd., the president who was suspicious of the unprecedented mass death strongly suspected that it was bird flu, but the founding chairman until there was an anonymous telephone report at the health center that a mysterious mass death was occurring. It became a situation that caused a secondary infection because it was concealed by the instruction of[9]..But except for this one example, it's quickSealed eradication strategyAll of them were terminated on a small scale and escaped the spread in Japan.This is Japan's unique epidemic prevention method, and at the stage of suspected virus outbreak, disposal, movement suspension, disinfection of livestock barns and transportation vehiclesLivestock Health Center·PrivateVeterinarian・ It will be held all at once in cooperation with farmers and related companies.In addition to bird flu, in the pastFoot-and-mouth diseaseWas crushed by a closed eradication operation.

  • 2005 January,IbarakiandSaitamaSince the bird flu virus was found in the area, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries reviewed the virus infection status nationwide, and antibody-positive reactions indicating a history of virus infection were confirmed at 31 poultry farms from Ibaraki prefecture.Therefore, a monitoring program was conducted nationwide to collect tracheal mucus from dozens of chickens at each poultry farm and inspect for the presence of virus six times every two weeks.
  • By November 2005, 11, a major domestic company in Ibaraki PrefectureIse FarmThe virus was detected in a series of egg-collecting poultry farms (about 77 birds).This is the first time in Japan that avian influenza virus has been detected in a poultry farm that has been monitored by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
  • On December 2005, 12, a new positive H9 antibody was confirmed in Ibaraki Prefecture, and it was discovered that the test material had been collected only from young chickens in previous tests. By December 5, 2005 poultry farms in Ibaraki prefecture and 12 poultry farm in Saitama prefecture were confirmed to have been isolated from chickens or positive for anti-H40 antibody.The isolated influenza virus strain is closely related to the Guatemala strain and was named A / ck / Ibaraki / 1/5 (H1N2005).
  • January 2006 Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare announced that H1N5 virus has infected humans[10]..At least 13 poultry farm employees had more than 5-fold increased H2N4 antibody titers in paired sera[11][Broken link].
  • 2007 January,MiyazakiShintomi-cho,Hyuga City,Okayama PrefectureTakahashiThe H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus was found in poultry farms in Japan, but a swift sealed eradication operation was carried out, and poultry from nearby farmers were slaughtered and then incinerated. On February 2, the Ministry of the Environment announced that wild birds were caught in a radius of about 23 km near the poultry farms where bird flu occurred in Miyazaki and Okayama prefectures mentioned above, and the virus test was negative.Based on these results, Miyazaki PrefectureHideo HigashikuniharaThe governor announced a declaration of termination on March 3.
  • 2008 October Akita,HokkaidoでWhooper swanAvian influenza virus was detected in the carcass of.
  • 2009 January,AichiToyohashi OfQuailThe first H7 subtype virus in Japan was confirmed in a farmhouse.
  • In April 2009, at the Japanese Society of Veterinary Medicine, in JapanmammalianFor the first time in the wildraccoonAnnounced infection with H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus from[12]..The Institute of Medical Science, the University of Tokyo, points out that it is highly possible that the infection was caused by eating the carcass of an infected bird, not between individuals.[12].
  • 2010 January,Shimane Yasugi City13 chickens infected with the avian influenza virus died at the poultry farm.The prefecture has decided to slaughter 2 chickens in the poultry farm before identifying the virus type, as there is a strong suspicion of being infected with a highly pathogenic virus.Japan's first culling before virus identification[13].
  • 2011 January,AichiToyohashi, MiyazakiMiyazaki City・ Shintomi Town,KagoshimaIzumi CityAvian influenza damage continues at the poultry farm.HyogoItami CityIn such cases, a positive reaction for bird flu was obtained from the carcasses of wild birds.
    • Chicken in Miyazaki prefecture牛-Dream PorkSince there are only 1 veterinarians at the Livestock Hygiene Center who instruct farmers on hygiene management for 1564 livestock farmers in total, each person is in charge of 47 farmers, and the burden on the person in charge is Statistics from the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries revealed that it is increasing[14][15]
  • 2011 year 2 month,Yamaguchi Ube City OfTokiwa ParkBird flu was confirmed in Ube and became a symbol of UbeswanOver 350 species were slaughtered[16].. Detail isHighly pathogenic avian influenza in Tokiwa ParkSee.
  • 2016 November, Aichi PrefectureNagoya city OfHigashiyama ZooBird flu was detected in and slaughtered.
  • August 2016, 12,HokkaidoKamikawa-gunShimizu TownAn outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N6 subtype) was confirmed in the poultry farm in Japan, triggered by an increase in dead chickens.This is the first case of infection to poultry in Hokkaido.[17]..After that, more than 12 birds were slaughtered and buried by December 20, and the epidemic prevention measures were completed and ended at midnight on January 28, the following year.[18].
  • 2017 XNUM X Month X NUM X Day,HyogoItami City OfKunyoike ParkFound inMute swanHighly pathogenic avian influenza (H1N5 subtype) was detected in one carcass of[19]..Subsequent surveys of the prefecture confirmed that 25 of the 17 mute swans raised by the prefecture died of bird flu.[20].
  • 2017 May 1,GifuYamagata CityAt the poultry farm in the chickenChickAbout 100 birds were found dead and a prefectural survey confirmed H5 bird flu.The prefecture slaughtered about 8 chickens raised in this poultry farm[21].
  • 2017 year 2 month,SagaKohoku TownA large number of chickens were found dead at the poultry farm in Japan, and as a result of inspection by the prefecture, H5 avian influenza virus was detected in all the chickens investigated.In response to this, the prefecture carried out the slaughter of chickens at the poultry farm concerned and all the poultry farms operated by the same farmer.[22].

Impact on crested ibis

Due to the outbreak of bird flu in Japan and China輸入Is banned,InbreedingIn Japan and China, which was planned to avoid the harmful effects ofTokiExchange was postponed.In addition, annihilation due to the outbreak of bird flu, etc.riskTo disperse2007 October4 crested ibises (2 pairs) in TokyoTama Animal ParkIt was transferred to, and distributed breeding was started in private.

Actual outbreak of bird flu

1800 era

  • 1874: H3N8
  • 1890: H2N2 Russian cold

1900 era

  • 1902: H3N2
  • 1902:Italy HPAI (H7N1 type)
  • 1922:Indonesia HPAI (H7N7 type)
  • 1924: Japan HPAI (H7N7 type)
  • 1934:Germany HPAI (H7N1 type)
  • 1959:United Kingdom・ Scottish HPAI (H5N1 type) (chicken)
  • 1962:South Africa HPAI (H5N3 type)
  • 1963: England / England HPAI (H7N3 type) (turkey)
  • 1966: HPAI, Ontario, Canada (H5N9 type) (turkey)
  • 1976:Australia・ Victoria HPAI (H7N7 type) (chicken)
  • 1979: Germany H7N7
  • 1979: United Kingdom H7N7
  • 1979: H5N3, Ontario, Canada?
  • 1983-85: HPAI (H5N2 type), Pennsylvania, USA (chicken and turkey)
  • 1983:Ireland HPAI (H5N8 type) (turkey)
  • 1985: HPAI (H7N7 type), Victoria, Australia (chicken)
1990 era
  • 1991: British HPAI (H5N1 type) (turkey)
  • 1992: HPAI (H7N3 type), Victoria, Australia (chicken)
  • 1993: Mexico H5N2
  • 1994: HPAI (H7N3 type), Queensland, Australia (chicken)
  • 1994: Pakistan HPAI (H7N3 type)
  • 1994-95: Mexico (H5N2, low pathogenic → highly pathogenic, chicken).Mutated highly pathogenic after the spread of infection.[1]
  • 1996: Hokkaido H5N4
  • 1997: HPAI (H7N4 type) (chicken), New South Wales, Australia
  • 1997: Italy H5N2
  • 1997: Hong Kong HPAI (H5N1, chicken).Infection of the first person (18 infections, of which 6 infants died).
  • 1999: H9N2 type infects humans (Hong Kong)
  • March 1999: Northern Italy (H3N7, low pathogenic → highly pathogenic).Initially, it was low in pathogenicity and did not take measures to activate the national power.But December 1, the same yearMutant and highly pathogenic.. By April 2000, 4 million birds had been infected.[2]
  • In addition, in September and December 1996, cases of suspected low pathogenicity occurred in Japan, but the virus could not be isolated and identified (there is also information that it is H9 type).

From 2001 to 2010

2001
  • May 2001, Hong KongMacau- South KoreaOccurs in. HPAI (H5N1 type).Mass death of chickens in Hong Kong (120 million chickens disposed of).
2002
  • March 2002, USAPennsylvania(H7N2 type low pathogenicity)
  • March 2002, USAMaine(H5N2 type low pathogenicity)
  • February 2002, Hong Kong HPAI (H2N5 type).A Hong Konger who traveled to Fujian, China, was infected and two died.
  • 2002, Chile HPAI (H7N3 type) (chicken)
  • March 2002, USAVirginiaOccurs in (H7N2 type low pathogenicity).
  • March 2002, USANorth carolina(H7N2 type low pathogenicity)
  • 2002 year 5 month,West Virginia(H7N2 type low pathogenicity),Texas(H5N3 type low pathogenicity)
  • 2002 year 8 month,New York State(H5 type low pathogenicity)
  • 2002 year 9 month,California(H5N2 type low pathogenicity)
  • Outbreak in Italy in October 2002 (H10N7 low pathogenicity)
2003
  • February-April 2003, Netherlands,Belgium HPAI (H7N7 type).Outbreak. Dispose of more than 1000 million birds.Dozens of epidemic prevention workers had conjunctivitis, more than a dozen had flu-like symptoms, and one Dutch veterinarian died.
  • On December 2003, 12, the Hong Kong government announced a case of human infection (H10N9 type). 2-year-old boy hospitalized on November 5, discharged 11 days
  • December 2003, 12-, Korea HPAI (H12N5 type).Hundreds of thousands died or disposed of.
  • December 2003-More than 12 birds died during an epidemic at a poultry farm in Vietnam. HPAI (H10N5 type).
    • There are 22 infected and 15 dead in Vietnam (as of March 3).Among them, there are cases of suspected human-to-human transmission, but it has not been verified.More than 10 million chickens have been eliminated.
2004
  • October 2004, JapanYamaguchi Ato Town (currentlyYamaguchi City) Died 6 chickens at the poultry farm.National Institute of Animal HealthThe first HPAI (H5N1 type) in Japan was detected by the analysis. 2/18 Declaration of termination.A total of 3 chickens have been culled.
  • Deaths caused by HPAI (H2004N1 type) occurred in Thailand on January 16, 5.There is a possibility of human-to-human transmission, but it has not been verified.
    • There are 12 infected and 8 dead in Thailand (as of March 3).Two pet cats died.One leopard in the zoo died.
    • 2004 year 1 month,TaiwanH5N2 (attenuated toxicity) occurred. Approximately 2 birds will be eliminated by the end of February.
  • January 2004, 1, Pakistan's Karachi 26 million birds (H300, H7) (chicken)
  • January 2004, 1, WHO / FAO / OIE Joint Statement (supra)
  • August 2004, 2,Delaware(H7N2 type) (Chicken)
  • August 2004, 2,PennsylvaniaLancaster County (H2N2 type) (Chicken)
  • August 2004, 2,OitaDied in KokonoeCharlotteConfirmed HPAI (H5N1 type).The second case in Japan in recent years.
  • February 2004, 2, CanadaBritish columbia (H7) (Chicken)
  • August 2004, 2,TexasHPAI (H5N2 type) (chicken)
  • February 2004, 2, 27 birds (duck) HPAI (H200N5 type) at a farm in Nanning City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China.China's first official coverage, one after another
  • February-April 2004,KyotoKyotamba Town (currentlyKyotanba Town) More than 13 chickens died at the poultry farm. HPAI (H5N1 type).Damage spread outside the poultry farm due to inadequate initial response.
  • August 2004, 3,Maryland (H7) (Chicken)
  • March 2004, 3, Declaration of Termination of China 16 provinces, 16 locations, disposing of 49 million birds
  • March 2004, 3, Japanese government announces comprehensive measures
  • March 2004, 3, LPAI, Western Cape, South Africa (H25 type)
  • February 2004, 3, CanadaBritish columbia(H7N3 type) Infected inspector.Vancouver East-South East 60kmAbbotsford5 farms nearby, 37 birds.
  • August 2004, 8,MalaysiaMinistry of Agriculture confirms infection.All movement of birds is prohibited.
    • On September 9, the Malaysian Ministry of Agriculture announced that it would find birds infected with H14 in a state near the Thai border.Ministry of Health of Malaysia announced that 5-year-old and 26-year-old brothers and sisters, 8-year-old girl bird flu infection, and quarantine hospitalization.
2005
  • June 2005, 6, IndonesiaSouth SulawesiThe Ministry of Health of the country revealed that a man in his thirties was diagnosed with bird flu (H5N1 type).
  • June 2005, 6, Mizukaido City, Ibaraki Prefecture (currentlyJoso City), H5N2 type.
  • On July 2005, 7, Indonesian Health MinisterJakartaIn the suburbs, it was announced that three fathers and daughters had died from bird flu (H5N1 type).
  • August 2005, 8,ChugokuTibet Autonomous RegionLhasaAvian influenza (H5N1 type) outbreak at a poultry farm in the suburbs.So far, 130 birds have died.
  • August 2005, 8,SaitamaKonosuConfirmed the antibody that had been infected with bird flu in the past.Same possibility as H5N2 type in Mizukaido City, Ibaraki Prefecture.Saitama Prefecture disposes of about 9 birds.
  • May 2005, 8, RussianSiberia-Ural[Avoid ambiguity]Avian influenza (H36N5 type) was confirmed in 1 rural areas, and suspected infection in 67 areas.More than 1 domestic and wild birds have died, and more than 1 have been disposed of to prevent infection.
  • Died August 2005, 8 in Cook Hong National Park, Ninh Binh Province, VietnamCivetAvian influenza virus H5N1 type was confirmed in the blood.
  • August 2005, 8, Ibaraki PrefectureOgawa Town(CurrentOmitama City), Avian influenza antibody was confirmed in chickens. H5 type.
  • 2005å¹´10月17日、中国湖南省の9歳の少年が、鳥インフルエンザに感染し、10月10日に発病し、発熱、肺炎の症状があり、10月12日に退院したが、同少年の姉が同症状で10月17日に死亡した。抗体検査で陰性を示し確定に至っていない。
  • On October 2005, 10, avian influenza H19N200 virus was detected in Tula Oblast, Russia (more than 5 km south of Moscow, in Europe, Russia).
  • On October 2005, 10, Thailand was killed for the first time this year.A total of 20 dead.
  • Died in England on October 2005, 10オ ウ ムAvian influenza virus H5N1 type was detected in.
  • August 2005, 10,MoscowAn outbreak of bird flu was confirmed in Tambob, central Russia, about 400 km southeast.
  • August 2005, 10,ルーマニアMinistry of AgricultureEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euNear the border withHeronAnnounced that the highly virulent H5N1 avian influenza virus was detected in the corpse.
  • October 2005, 10, Ibaraki Prefecture, Ogawa Town (currentlyOmitama City), A positive reaction chicken showing a history of infection was found at the egg collection poultry farm, and it was announced that the chicken was ordered to be slaughtered.Discovered in the prefectureantibody, The 31st positive reaction in the virus test.
  • On November 2005, 11, a patient with dyspnea in Bac Giang Province, Vietnam, was quarantined on suspicion of being infected with bird flu.
  • On November 2005, 11, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries announced that a new antibody-positive chicken showing a history of infection was found at a poultry farm in Ibaraki Prefecture.An order to slaughter 4 chickens in the open poultry house of the poultry farm was issued.The number of poultry farms where antibody-positive chickens were found in the prefecture has expanded to 18.
  • On November 2005, 11, the Ministry of Agriculture of China announced that the mass death of chickens in Heishan County, Liaoning Province, in the northeastern part of the country, was bird flu caused by the H4N5 virus.About 1 poultry were disposed of around the outbreak of bird flu.
  • On November 2005, 11, the World Health Organization confirmed that a 5-year-old woman had died of bird flu in Indonesia.This brings the country's death toll from bird flu infection to five.
  • On November 2005, 11, the Chinese Ministry of Health also considered the possibility of bird flu infection in three men and women (one of whom died) who had pneumonia in Xiangtan County, Hunan Province, where bird flu (H6N5 type) occurred. ..
  • On November 2005, 11, the Ministry of Health of Vietnam announced that the death toll from H7N5 avian influenza virus infection occurred in Hanoi at the end of October.
  • On November 2005, 11, it was announced that chickens were infected with bird flu H10N5 in a rural area of ​​Beizhen City, Liaoning Province, China.
  • On November 2005, 11, a 10-year-old woman was infected with bird flu in Anhui Province, China, and became ill on November 24, showing symptoms of fever and pneumonia, and died.
  • August 2005, 11,クウェートOf migratory birds infected with bird fluFlamingoIt was revealed that a highly pathogenic H5N1 virus was detected in the virus.Persian GulfThis is the first time that the same type has been found in the shore area.In China, it was announced that poultry was infected with bird flu H5N1 in Jingshan County, Hubei Province.
  • August 2005, 11, Ibaraki PrefectureMinori Town(CurrentOmitama City) Avian influenza virus was confirmed in chickens.Slaughter of about 8 birds.
  • On November 2005, 11, the World Health Organization confirmed that two new women aged 17 and 16 had died from bird flu in Indonesia.
  • Central Canada, November 2005, 11ManitobaH5N1 avian influenza virus was detected in migratory birds.Besides this,British columbia,QuebecHowever, various viruses H5N2, H5N3, and H5N9 were detected in migratory birds.
  • August 2005, 11,ルーマニア OfDanube riverDelta zoneThe highly virulent H5N1 avian influenza virus was detected in poultry in the village. H10N5 avian influenza virus was also detected in October.
  • November 2005, 11, in southern RussiaVolga riverWild due to H5 bird flu in the deltaswanAbout 250 birds died.Astra HaniThe suburbs were quarantined.
  • On November 2005, 11, the Ministry of Agriculture of China announcedXinjiang Uygur Autonomous RegionMiquan CityPoultry was infected with bird flu (H5N1 type), and 15 birds have died since the 2,064th.84,000 birds around the infected site were disposed of.
  • On November 2005, 11, the Ministry of Agriculture of China announcedInner MongoliaNorthernZalantun CityAnnounced that a new poultry infected with bird flu (H5N1 type) was discovered in. 240 poultry starved to death, and 16,567 were disposed of.
  • On November 2005, 11, Ibaraki Prefecture was located in Minori Town, Ibaraki Prefecture (currently).Omitama City) Announced that a new virus was detected in chickens at the egg collection poultry farm (9 poultry houses).This is the 10th case in the prefecture.
  • On December 2005, 12, the Indonesian Health Department announced that the death of a person infected with bird flu was confirmed.Eighth in the country. The World Health Organization has confirmed the infection of a 3-year-old Indonesian female patient who died four days ago.
  • August 2005, 12,ウクライナAgricultural Policy MinistryCrimeaIt was revealed that the avian influenza virus was detected in rural areas of Japan.
  • On December 2005, 12, Ibaraki Prefecture was located in Ogawa Town, Ibaraki Prefecture (currently).Omitama City) Announced that H5 type antibody positivity was newly confirmed at the egg collection poultry farm (one poultry house).
  • On December 2005, 12, Indonesia's health minister announced that a 12-year-old man who died in November had confirmed that the World Health Organization had been infected with bird flu.
  • On December 2005, 12, two new deaths from bird flu in Indonesia were found by a World Health Organization test.
2006
Date型Country種scaleDescription
1/3H5N1Chugoku??Sichuan ProvinceDazhu CountyAnd bird flu (announced by the Ministry of Agriculture, China)
1/5H5N1TurkeyHuman capital2A 1-year-old boy died on 1/14 and a 1-year-old girl died on 5/15
1/6?TurkeyHuman capital1Eastern hospital 11-year-old girl died (Turkey's third victim)
1/9?Turkey??Avian influenza virus was newly detected (announced by health authorities).Unknown type.
OctoberH7United Kingdom??NorfolkOutbreak of bird flu
7/28H5N1 type negativeEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euHuman capital1A 35-year-old man was hospitalized in southern Kien Giang province and died on August 8.
8/8?IndonesiaHuman capital216-year-old boy and girl died (44th dead in the country)
11/25H5N1 South KoreaChicken?Highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak at a breeding ground for meat chickens in Iksan, Jeollabuk-do
2007
Date型Country / Region種scaleDescription
1/5H5China Hong KongShimakinpara1Detected in one carcass in newspapers and in the Causeway Bay area of ​​downtown.Migratory birdSuspected of being infected from.
1/10H5N1ChugokuHuman capital1Anhui Province37-year-old man was infected (announced by the Chinese Ministry of Health).The source of infection is unknown.1/6 days for men.
1/11H5N1JapanChicken750MiyazakiKiyotake Town(CurrentMiyazaki City) About 12,000 broiler breeding chickens (parent birds for breeding eggs) About 750 meat chickens died at the farm poultry farm. Caused by highly pathogenic avian influenza caused by H5N1 subtype (announced by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries).[3].. 2/7 movement restriction lifted [4].
1/20? South KoreaChicken++Chungcheongnam-doMass death of chickens due to highly pathogenic avian influenza was confirmed in Cheonan City.
1/22H5N1JapanChicken243MiyazakiHyuga City53,000 meat chickens died at the broiler poultry farm, which raised about 243 chickens.Caused by highly pathogenic avian influenza (announced by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries).[5][6] [7], 2/21 Movement restrictions lifted.[8]
1 / 26 - 27H5 subtypeJapanChicken17OkayamaTakahashiAbout 12,000 chickens were bred at the poultry farm for egg collection, and 17 chickens for egg collection died.Caused by highly pathogenic avian influenza (Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries)National Agriculture and Food Research InstituteAnnouncement)[9],[10], 3/1 Movement restrictions lifted.[11][12]
1/30H5N1JapanChicken23MiyazakiShintomi-choTwenty-three egg-collecting chickens died at the egg-collecting poultry farm of about 93,000 chickens. (Announced by Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Miyazaki Prefecture).Kiyotake Town, Hyuga City, Takahashi City, Okayama Prefecture Same type.[13][14] [15] [16], 3/1 Movement restrictions lifted.[17][18]
OctoberH5N1United KingdomTurkey2500Approximately 2,500 birds died in the farm [19], Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan, Suspension of import of poultry and poultry meat from the United Kingdom[20].
2/10? South KoreaChicken++Gyeonggi-doMass death due to highly pathogenic avian influenza at a poultry farm in Anjo City.
2/17H5N1Russia??MoscowOutbreaks of bird flu in two nearby villages.
2/20H5N1Pakistan??IslamabadBirds die of infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus at Margazar Zoo.The zoo is closed.
2/27H5N1ThailandHuman capital1Of hospitalization in the northLaosGirl (15) infected with bird flu. (Thai Ministry of HealthAnnouncement)
3/4?LaosHuman capital1A woman infected with bird flu (42) died. (WHOAnnouncement)
3/18H5N1JapanBear hawk1KumamotoSagara villageHe died weakly on January 1th.[21]
2008
Date型Country種scaleDescription
4/28H5N1JapanWhooper swan1AkitaLake TowadaDied and recovered on April 4st on the shore.[22][23]
5/5H5N1JapanWhooper swan1HokkaidoNotsuke PeninsulaDied and recovered on April 4th.[24]
5/10H5N1JapanWhooper swan1HokkaidoLake SaromaCollected on the shore on May 5th.[25]
2009
Date型Country種scaleDescription
2/27H7N6 subtypeJapanQuail?AichiToyohashiH7 type, the first highly pathogenic quail farm in Japan, was detected in a regular inspection of a quail breeding farm for egg collection.[26].. Confirmed as H3N1 subtype on March 7st[27]..After that, as a result of investigating the surrounding quail farms, the second case (H3N4 subtype) was made on March 2.[28], The third virus (H3 subtype) was detected on March 10th.[29].. On May 5, Aichi Prefecture issued a declaration of termination (release of movement restrictions, etc.).[30]
2010
Date型Country種scaleDescription
10/26H5N1 type (strong toxicity)JapanDuck?HokkaidoWakkanaiFeces collected in Onuma.The Ministry of the Environment and Hokkaido announced on the 26th after receiving a report from Hokkaido University.No deaths of wild birds due to the avian influenza virus have been confirmed around the site.In a duck dropping survey conducted by Hokkaido University, the influenza virus was detected in 14 out of 183 samples on the 2th of this month.As a countermeasure, strengthen surveillance of areas within 10 km from the site.In addition, the feces of swan and other anatidae are collected and inspected.Furthermore, on the 25th, Hokkaido conducted an on-site inspection of one poultry farm in the area and confirmed that there were no abnormalities.In addition, Wakkanai City has restricted the entry of people and cars to Onuma since the 1th.[23][24]
11/29H5N1 subtype (strong toxicity)JapanChicken35?XNUM X Month X NUM X Day,Shimane Yasugi CityAt the poultry farm (2 adult chickens, 3,300 chicks raised), a simple influenza test tested positive for 5 out of 3 chickens.Livestock Health CenterAfter conducting a genetic test in, it was confirmed that it was an H5 subtype.[25]XNUM X Month X NUM X Day,Independent administrative agencyNational Institute of Animal HealthHowever, as a result of genetic analysis of the isolated virus, it is confirmed that it is H5N1 subtype (strongly virulent type).In addition, the results of genetic analysis reveal that it is extremely closely related to the virus isolated from wild duck droppings in Hokkaido on October 10.[26]At midnight on December 12, the movement restrictions were lifted because the cleanliness of the area was confirmed.[27]
12/18H5N1 subtype (strong poison type)JapanPotted crane6?KagoshimaIzumi CityFound and protected on December 12th (died on 18th, H20N21 subtype found on 5st)Tottori UniversityAs a result of detailed examination at, it was found to be H5N1 subtype / virulent type.[28]

2011

Date型Country種scaleDescription
1/4H5N1 type (strong poison type)JapanTufted duck(Wild bird)?XNUM X Month X NUM X Day,FukushimaKoriyamaKoriyama City officials collected one dead tufted duck at (Toyota Town Water Purification Plant).Simple test is negative.SpecimenNational Institute for Environmental StudiesTransferred to. On the 5th, Koriyama City officials recovered two dead tufted ducks.Simple test is negative.Transfer the sample to the National Institute for Environmental Studies. On January 2, one bird on the 1th and one bird on the 13th were found to be positive for genetic testing.Hokkaido UniversityTransferred to. Detailed examination on the 19th revealed H5N1 subtype positive, and the gene sequence confirmed that it was highly virulent.[29]
1/5H5N1 subtype (strong poison type) South KoreaHousehold4500Jeollanam-doYeongam-gunOccurs on a farm.Number of occurrences 1.The number of breeding birds is 14,500.The number of birds generated is 4,500.The number of deaths is 4,500.Number of selections 10000.Slaughter was carried out on the outbreak farm and the poultry farm located within 500 m from the outbreak farm.[30]
1 / 6-14H5N1 subtype (strong poison type) South KoreaHousehold20297Gyeonggi-do,Chungcheongnam-do,Jeollanam-doOccurrence in.Number of occurrences 23.Number of birds raised 702,820.The number of birds generated is 20,307.The number of deaths is 20,297.Number of selections 682523.Outbreak farms and poultry located within 500 m of outbreak farms will be culled and buried.[31]
1/12H5N1 type (strong poison type)JapanCommon pochard(Wild bird)112 days,HyogoItami CityCity officials collect one dead individual at (Mizuigaike).Simple test is negative.National Institute for Environmental StudiesThe genetic test in is positive. January 1,Tottori UniversityH5N1 subtype positive / virulent type was found by the definitive test in.[32]
1/14H5N1 type (strong poison type)JapanTufted duck (wild bird)114 days,Shimane MatsueTamauyu Town OfLake ShinjiAt (National Lake Shinji Wildlife Sanctuary), one dead tufted duck was collected by a staff member of the Yonago Natural Environment Office. On the 1st, a genetic test at the National Institute for Environmental Studies revealed that it was positive and transferred to Tottori University. On the 21th, detailed examination revealed H25N5 subtype positive, and it was judged to be highly toxic based on the gene sequence. (Ministry of the Environment announced 1/1)[33]
1/19H5N1 type (strong poison type)JapanWhooper swan(Wild bird)119 days,HokkaidoAkkeshi-gunHamanakaMaruyama spraying (nationally designated Akkeshi, Bekanbeushi, Kiritappu Wildlife Sanctuary) One whooper swan collected by Hamanaka Town Office staff,Ministry of the EnvironmentTransferred to Kushiro Wildlife Conservation Center.The result of a simple test was positive at the center. January 1thHokkaido UniversityTransfer to. On January 1, detailed examination revealed H22N5 subtype positive, and it was judged to be highly toxic based on the gene sequence.[34]
1/22H5N1 subtype (strong poison type)JapanChicken(House)?MiyazakiThe first case (Miyazaki City first case).Miyazaki prefectureMiyazaki CitySadohara TownMiyazaki Prefecture announced that a chicken suspected of having highly pathogenic avian influenza was found in a poultry farm (about 10,200 chickens), and as a result of genetic testing by the prefecture, infection with the "H5 subtype" virus was confirmed. did.[35][36]XNUM X Month X NUM X Day,Independent administrative agencyNational Institute of Animal HealthAs a result of examining the properties, the N subtype was found to be the N1 subtype, and it was confirmed that it was the H5N1 subtype (strongly toxic type).[37]
1/23H5N1 subtype (strong poison type)JapanChicken(House)?The second case in Miyazaki prefecture.Miyazaki prefectureKoyu-gunShintomi-choA chicken suspected of being highly pathogenic avian influenza was found in the egg-collecting chicken farm (about 66,000 chickens, about 41 chickens in the poultry farm as a whole), and as a result of genetic testing by the prefecture, 6 out of 5 chickens Infection with the "H5 subtype" virus is confirmed in.[38]
1/25H5N1 subtype (strong poison type)JapanGrebe(Wild bird)1HyogoItami CityAvian influenza positive reaction from dead wild birds at Mizugaike Park. 28th day,Tottori UniversityH5N1 subtype positive / virulent type was found in the definitive test in.[39]
1/26H5N1 subtype (strong poison type)JapanChicken (household)?25th afternoonKagoshimaIzumi CityAn increase in dead chickens was reported from the egg-collecting chicken farm (about 8,600 chickens) in Takaono Town, and a simple test confirmed that 9 out of 8 chickens were positive for influenza A. Before dawn on the 26th, a genetic test at the Livestock Hygiene Service Center in Kagoshima Prefecture revealed that it was a H5 subtype, and it was confirmed that it was a highly pathogenic avian influenza pseudo-patient.[40]On the 29th, as a result of the property inspection by the National Institute of Animal Health, National Institute of Animal Health, it was found that the N subtype was the N1 subtype, and it was confirmed that it was the H5N1 subtype (strongly toxic type).In addition, as a result of analyzing a part of the virus genes, it becomes clear that the viruses in Aichi and Kagoshima prefectures have more than 99% homology with the viruses isolated from the poultry in Miyazaki prefecture. ..[41]
1/26H5N1 subtype (strong poison type)JapanMandarin duck (wild bird)?XNUM X Month X NUM X Day,KochiNiyodogawa TownAs a result of a simple test of the mandarin duck collected in, a positive reaction is obtained. On the 31st, a definitive test at Tottori University revealed a positive H5N1 subtype and a virulent type.[42]
1/27?JapanTeal?NaganoKomoroA simple test showed a positive reaction for bird flu in the carcass of a wild kogamo.We are investigating whether it is highly pathogenic.
1/27H5N1 subtype (strong poison type)[43]JapanChicken (household)?The third case in Miyazaki Prefecture (the first case in Tsuno Town).Miyazaki prefectureKoyu-gunTsunomachiSince many of the chickens shipped from the Oaza Kawakita meat chicken farm (about 10,000) to the poultry processing plant are dead, the veterinarian of the Meat Sanitation Inspection Center conducts a simple inspection of the dead chickens at the poultry processing plant. The result was positive, and a veterinarian at the poultry processing plant conducted a simple test on raw chickens on the farm and found that it was negative.After that, a livestock quarantine officer collected data from the farm and the poultry processing plant and conducted a simple test again, and all of them were positive.[44]
1/27H5N1 subtype (strong poison type)JapanChicken (household)?26th morningAichiConfirmed dead chickensToyohashiA simple influenza test was conducted at about 15 chicken farms in Oiwa-cho (12 adult chickens and 3 breeding chickens), and it was found that 5 out of 4 chickens were positive for influenza A. Before dawn on the 27th, a genetic test at the Livestock Hygiene Service Center in Aichi Prefecture revealed that it was a H5 subtype, and it was confirmed that it was a pseudo-patient with highly pathogenic avian influenza.[45]On the 29th, as a result of the property inspection by the National Institute of Animal Health, National Institute of Animal Health, it was confirmed that it was a highly virulent type of H5 subtype (patient with highly pathogenic avian influenza).
1/28H5N1 subtype (strong poison type)JapanChicken (household)?The second case in Miyazaki prefecture.Miyazaki prefectureKoyu-gunKawanami TownA simple influenza test was conducted at a meat chicken poultry farm (3 chickens) in Oaza Kawaminami (about 8 km south of the third farm), and it was determined to be influenza A.Since the vehicle for collecting dead birds is the same as that of the third farm, and the results of the simple test and the status of dead chickens are extremely high, the suspicion of highly pathogenic avian influenza is extremely strong. , Judged as a pseudo-patient.[46]On the 29th, a genetic test revealed that he was positive for H5 subtype.[47]
1/28H5N1 subtype (strong poison type)JapanChicken (household)?The second case in Miyazaki prefecture.Miyazaki prefectureNobeokaA simple influenza test was conducted at a meat chicken poultry farm (3 chickens) in Kawauchi, Kitagawa-cho (about 60 km north of the third farm), and it was determined to be influenza A.Since the increase in the number of dead birds is small, genetic testing is conducted.[48]Before dawn on the 29th, a genetic test by the Livestock Hygiene Service Center in Miyazaki Prefecture revealed that it was positive for the H5 subtype.Judged as a pseudo-patient with highly pathogenic avian influenza.[49]
1/30H5 subtype (strong poison type)JapanChicken?The sixth case in Miyazaki prefecture.Koyu District, Miyazaki PrefectureTakanabe TownAfter receiving a report from the poultry farm for meat (about 40,000 chickens) that about twice as many dead chickens as in the past few days were confirmed, a simple influenza test was conducted and found to be positive for influenza A.[50]Before dawn on the 31st, a genetic test by the Livestock Hygiene Service Center in Miyazaki Prefecture revealed that it was positive for H5 subtype.[51]As a result of the property inspection by the National Institute of Animal Health, National Institute of Animal Health, it was confirmed that the sixth case was H6N5 subtype (strong poison type).
1/31H5N1 subtype (strong poison type)JapanMandarin duck (wild bird)?May 1NagasakiNagasakiSpecimens in which the H5 subtype and H7 subtype genes were not detected as a result of genetic testing at the Central Livestock Hygiene Service Center in Nagasaki Prefecture, which were collected at Kawahara Oike in Miyazaki Town, were again from the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. As a result of retesting with another test method on February 2, based on technical advice, the H4 subtype gene was detected.[52]On February 2, a definitive test at Tottori University revealed a positive H6N5 subtype and a virulent type.[53]
2/1H5N1 subtype (strong poison type)JapanChicken (household)?7th case in Miyazaki prefecture (2nd case in Miyazaki city). Miyazaki City, Miyazaki Prefecture, on the afternoon of February 2stTakaoka TownAfter receiving a report from the poultry farm for meat (about 190,000 chickens) that about twice as many dead chickens were confirmed as in the past few days, a simple influenza test was conducted and found to be positive for influenza A. At midnight on February 2, a genetic test by the Livestock Hygiene Service Center in Miyazaki Prefecture revealed that it was positive for H2 subtype.[54]On February 2, as a result of inspection by the National Institute of Animal Health, National Institute of Animal Health, it was confirmed that it was an H6N5 subtype (strongly poisonous type).
2/2H5N1 subtype (strong poison type)JapanChicken (household)?2th afternoonOitaOita CityAfter receiving a report from Miyao's poultry farm (about 8,100 chickens) that about twice as many dead chickens were confirmed as in the past few days, a simple influenza test confirmed that influenza A was positive. At midnight on February 2, a genetic test by the Livestock Hygiene Service Center in Oita Prefecture revealed that it was positive for the H2 subtype.[55]On February 2, as a result of inspection by the National Institute of Animal Health, National Institute of Animal Health, it was confirmed that it was an H8N5 subtype (strongly poisonous type).[56]
2/4H5 subtype (strong poison type)JapanChicken (household)?The 8th case in Miyazaki prefecture. February 2, noon, Miyazaki PrefectureNishiusuki-gunTakachihoIwato's broiler poultry farm (about 40,000 chickens) reported that about twice as many dead chickens as in the past few days were confirmed, and a simple influenza test confirmed that influenza A was positive. Before dawn on February 2, a genetic test by the Livestock Hygiene Service Center in Miyazaki Prefecture revealed that it was positive for the H2 subtype.[57]On February 2, the National Institute of Animal Health, National Institute of Animal Health, inspected the properties and confirmed that it was a H8 subtype (strongly poisonous type).[58]
2/5H5 subtypeJapanMandarin duck(Wild bird)?February 2, Nobeoka CityKitagawa TownWhen virus isolation was performed on the dead wild birds (Mandarin duck) collected in the above, influenza A virus was isolated, and genetic testing of the isolated virus revealed H2 subtype around 5:11 am on February 5.[59]
2/5H5N1 subtype (strong poison type)JapanChicken (household)?宮崎県9例目(都農町2例目)宮崎県児湯郡都農町大字川北の肉用鶏養鶏所(96,000羽)で死亡羽数増加(2月4日に35羽→2月5日に約150羽の死亡の確認)の連絡があり、宮崎家畜保健衛生所で簡易検査を実施したところ4羽中4羽が陽性となった。同日、宮崎家畜保健衛生所で遺伝子検査を実施したところ午後8時頃、4羽中4羽でH5亜型と判明する。[60]
2/5H5N1 subtype (strong poison type)JapanChicken (household)?The second case in Miyazaki prefecture.Miyazaki prefectureHigashiusuki-gunKadokawa Town大字川内の肉用鶏養鶏所(30,000羽)で死亡羽数増加(2月4日に33羽→2月5日に約200羽の死亡の確認)の連絡があり、宮崎家畜保健衛生所で簡易検査を実施したところ7羽中7羽が陽性となった。宮崎家畜保健衛生所で遺伝子検査を実施したところ2月6日午前0時頃、4羽中4羽でH5亜型との結果がでる。[61]
2/6H5N1 subtype (strong poison type)JapanChicken (household)?The 11th case in Miyazaki Prefecture (3rd case in Miyazaki City). On the night of February 2, the number of dead chickens increased at a poultry farm for meat (about 6 chickens) in Takaoka-cho, Miyazaki City, Miyazaki Prefecture.A simple test for influenza A at the Miyazaki Livestock Hygiene Service Center confirmed positive results. On the 33,000th, a genetic test by the Livestock Hygiene Service Center in Miyazaki Prefecture revealed that it was positive for H7 subtype.It is judged to be a pseudo patient.[62]

2013

TaiwanThe outbreak of influenza belonging to the H6N1 subtype was confirmed in.

December 12, ChinaJiangxi ProvinceHygiene officials died of pneumonia on December 12Nanchang CityAnnounced that H73N10 avian influenza virus was detected in a 8-year-old woman. First H10 series human infection[63].

2014

South KoreaJeollabuk-doTakatsuki-gun(Donrim Reservoir has been confirmed)Buan-gunA duck farm was found in the area and 2 were slaughtered. The detection of H5N8 is the first in Korea.[Source required](H5N8 has never been transmitted to humans in history.)

  • 1月8日にはカナダで初めてのH5N1インフルエンザウイルスによるヒトの死亡事例が報告された。この患者は家禽におけるH5N1インフルエンザウイルスの流行が認められている中国からの帰国者である。南北のアメリカ大陸でヒトのH5N1患者が報告されたのはこの事例が初めてであり、また、カナダでは家禽におけるH5N1インフルエンザウイルスの流行がないため、H5N1インフルエンザウイルスが家禽で流行していない国でH5N1インフルエンザウイルスの感染患者が発生した初めての事例でもある[64].
  • On January 1, the second person infected with H25N10 was confirmed in Nanchang City, Jiangxi Province.
  • On January 1, eight farms infected with H22N5 were confirmed in South Korea.

Source

  1. ^ Classification of bird flu in Japan (PDF) Ministry of Agriculture
  2. ^ "To the people (about bird flu)")
  3. ^ "For those who want to know about bird flu")
  4. ^ Japan Poultry Association "Overview of the Expert Meeting on Virulent Avian Influenza", August 2002, 4. オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of November 2002, 6.https://web.archive.org/web/20020615095403/jpa.or.jp/news/kakin/gaku_infuru.html. 
  5. ^ 2011 pages of Asahi Shimbun on March 3, 8
  6. ^ Yokendo Co., Ltd. Livestock Research February 2008 issue "Beijing Olympics and Rabies" Yoshitaka Ono
  7. ^ a b Asahi Shimbun, page 19, March 2011, 3.
  8. ^ Dissemination of correct knowledge about highly pathogenic avian influenza Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 17 Safety No. 3035, June 2005, 6
  9. ^ bird-flu Failure knowledge database.
  10. ^ About the result of antibody test for bird flu in Ibaraki and Saitama prefectures Ibaraki
  11. ^ "4) Factors related to human H5N2 avian influenza infection and high H5N2-neutralizing antibody titers in Japan"
  12. ^ a b Joint research between the University of Tokyo and Yamaguchi University, Yomiuri Shimbun, April 2009, 4
  13. ^ Shimane Prefecture for the first time in Japan to slaughter before virus identification MSN Sankei News
  14. ^ Miyazaki's veterinarian's burden is 1 farmers in charge MSN Sankei News 2011.1.28 23:09
  15. ^ Notification status of Article 22 of the Veterinarians Act As of December 20, 12 MSN Sankei News
  16. ^ Swan slaughter, Ube symbol disappears February 2011, 2 Ube Daily
  17. ^ Outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Hokkaido Hokkaido / Agricultural Administration Department / Production Promotion Bureau Livestock Promotion Division Last updated: August 2017, 8
  18. ^ 28 slaughtered birds in Shimizu-cho, Hokkaido, bird flu Asahi Shimbun November 2016, 12
  19. ^ Bird flu detected from Koyaike, Mute swan in Itami, Hyogo Sankei Shimbun March 2017, 1
  20. ^ Even with just two pairs ... Bird flu is fierce at Koyaike in Itami, Hyogo City symbol, mute swan is in a big pinch Sankei Shimbun March 2017, 1
  21. ^ Confirmation of bird flu infection Gifu begins disposal of XNUMX birds NHK News August 2017, 1
  22. ^ Saga Kohoku Town bird flu is disposed of such as HXNUMX type chickens NHK News August 2017, 2
  23. ^ Detection of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in wild birds (Notice) Ministry of the Environment November 2010, 10
  24. ^ Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detection from duck droppings in Wakkanai J-CAST News September 2010, 10
  25. ^ Confirmation of pseudo-patients with highly pathogenic avian influenza in Shimane Prefecture and establishment of "Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Epidemic Prevention Countermeasures Headquarters" --November 22, 11 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  26. ^ About the virus analysis result of highly pathogenic avian influenza confirmed in Shimane Prefecture --November 22, 12 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  27. ^ About the cancellation of movement restrictions set mainly in Yasugi City, Shimane Prefecture --November 22, 12 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  28. ^ About the Ministry of the Environment's response to the confirmation of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus and virulent type in Izumi City, Kagoshima Prefecture --December 22, 12 (Wednesday) Ministry of the Environment
  29. ^ About the Ministry of the Environment's response to the confirmation of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus and virulent type in Koriyama City, Fukushima Prefecture --Wednesday, January 23, 1 Ministry of the Environment
  30. ^ Outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (strongly virulent type) in South Korea --January 23, 1 International Sanitation Countermeasures Office, Animal Health Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Consumption and Safety Bureau
  31. ^ Outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (strongly virulent type) in South Korea --January 23, 1 International Sanitation Countermeasures Office, Animal Health Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Consumption and Safety Bureau
  32. ^ About the Ministry of the Environment's response to the confirmation of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus and virulent type in Itami City, Hyogo Prefecture --January 23, 1 (Friday) Ministry of the Environment
  33. ^ About the Ministry of the Environment's response to the confirmation of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus and virulent type in the nationally designated Lake Shinji Wildlife Sanctuary in Shimane Prefecture --Tuesday, January 23, 1 Ministry of the Environment
  34. ^ About the Ministry of the Environment's response to the confirmation of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus and virulent type in the nationally designated Akkeshi, Bekanbeushi, Kiritappu Wildlife Sanctuary in Hokkaido --Saturday, January 23, 1 Ministry of the Environment
  35. ^ Suspected bird flu in Miyazaki City XNUMX birds died at poultry farm Asahi Shimbun November 2011, 1
  36. ^ Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries / Confirmation of pseudo-patients with highly pathogenic avian influenza in Miyazaki Prefecture --November 23, 1 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  37. ^ Confirmation of N subtype of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in Miyazaki Prefecture (1st case) --November 23, 1 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  38. ^ Confirmation of pseudo-patients with highly pathogenic avian influenza in Miyazaki Prefecture (second case) --November 23, 1 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  39. ^ About the Ministry of the Environment's response to the confirmation of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus and virulent type in Itami City, Hyogo Prefecture --January 23, 1 (Friday) Ministry of the Environment
  40. ^ Confirmation of pseudo-patients with highly pathogenic avian influenza in Kagoshima Prefecture --November 23, 1 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  41. ^ About virus analysis results of highly pathogenic avian influenza confirmed in Aichi and Kagoshima prefectures --November 23, 1 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  42. ^ About the Ministry of the Environment's response to the confirmation of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus and virulent type in Niyodogawa Town, Kochi Prefecture --January 23, 1 (Monday) Ministry of the Environment
  43. ^ February 2 Outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza and epidemic prevention measures in this prefecture (PDF) -Miyazaki Prefecture
  44. ^ Suspected cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Miyazaki Prefecture --November 23, 1 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  45. ^ Confirmation of pseudo-patients with highly pathogenic avian influenza in Aichi Prefecture --November 23, 1 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  46. ^ Suspected cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Miyazaki Prefecture --November 23, 1 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  47. ^ Suspected cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Miyazaki Prefecture --November 23, 1 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  48. ^ Suspected cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Miyazaki Prefecture --November 23, 1 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  49. ^ Suspected cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Miyazaki Prefecture --November 23, 1 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  50. ^ Suspected cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Miyazaki Prefecture --November 23, 1 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  51. ^ Confirmation of pseudo-patients with highly pathogenic avian influenza (6th case) in Miyazaki Prefecture --November 23, 1 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  52. ^ About the avian influenza gene retest result of the mandarin duck recovered in Nagasaki City on January 1 --Highly pathogenic avian influenza (Nagasaki Prefecture) related Central Household Information No. 1 February 23, 2
  53. ^ About the response of the Ministry of the Environment with the confirmation of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus and virulent type in Nagasaki City, Nagasaki Prefecture --February 23, 2 Ministry of the Environment
  54. ^ Confirmation of pseudo-patients with highly pathogenic avian influenza (7th case) in Miyazaki Prefecture --November 23, 2 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  55. ^ Confirmation of pseudo-patients with highly pathogenic avian influenza in Oita Prefecture --November 23, 2 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  56. ^ About the result of infection confirmation test in the movement restricted area centering on the 8th highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak farm in Miyazaki prefecture --November 23, 2 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  57. ^ Confirmation of pseudo-patients with highly pathogenic avian influenza (8th case) in Miyazaki Prefecture --November 23, 2 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  58. ^ About the result of infection confirmation test in the movement restricted area centering on the 8th highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak farm in Miyazaki prefecture --November 23, 2 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  59. ^ Results of genetic testing on suspected highly pathogenic avian influenza in dead wild birds (Mandarin duck) (PDF) --February 23, 2 Miyazaki Prefecture
  60. ^ Results of genetic testing for suspected highly pathogenic avian influenza (9th case) (PDF) --February 23, 2 Miyazaki Prefecture
  61. ^ Results of genetic testing for suspected highly pathogenic avian influenza (10th case) (PDF) --February 23, 2 Miyazaki Prefecture
  62. ^ Confirmation of pseudo-patients with highly pathogenic avian influenza (11th case) in Miyazaki Prefecture --February 23, 2 Miyazaki Prefecture
  63. ^ Bird flu H10N8, first infected in humans Jiangxi, China
  64. ^ "First Human Avian Influenza A (H5N1) Virus Infection Reported in Americas”. CDC (June 2014, 1). 2014/1/22Browse.

Related item

外部 リンク

Saga

Saga(Saken,(British: Saga Prefecture) IsJapan OfKyushu regionに 位置 す るPrefecture.Prefectural office location TheSaga City.

tea,Karatsu-Imari-AritaFrom ancient times such asChinaFamous as a production center ofGenkai SeaとAriake SeaTouching two seas.Regulatory country OfHizen countryIt corresponds to the eastern part.Meiji OfPrefecture systemUpon establishment, the country was with Saga Prefecture.NagasakiIt was separated as two prefectures.While it is the prefecture with the smallest area and economy in the Kyushu region, it has the 2th highest population density in Japan.HiroshimaIs also exceeded.

Geography/Region

Saga Prefecture is the western part of Japan (West Japan) Or South (Southern Japan),Kyushu regionIn the north (Northern Kyushu) Or western (West Kyushu) Is located.population-areaBoth are the smallest among the seven prefectures of Kyushu, and the population and area are 7nd among all 47 prefectures.However, the population density is 42th among all 47 prefectures, which is 16/1 from the top, and is the second highest in Kyushu.

Area classification in the prefectureSaga DomainとKaratsu DomainFrom the historical background that was divided into two,Karatsu CityCentered onNorth(Northwest) and Saga CitySouthernThe two categories most commonly used are (Southeast). For more detailed division, the three categories of northern, eastern, and west, and five categories of Mikami, Sagi, Kito, Karamatsu, and Isai are used.

In the awareness survey of prefecture names2002 According to the survey results of (14), 4th place (for 6th grade elementary school to 44th grade elementary school)2004 According to the survey results of (16) (Middle school students30th place)[1].

Terrain

The shape of Saga Prefecture is close to an uneven triangle with irregularities. NorthwestRias coastと砂 浜 OfGenkai Sea, In the southeastTidal flatとReclaimed land OfAriake SeaThat is, it touches two seas whose coasts are completely different. From the Ariake Sea coastChikugo RiverAlong the occupy 3% of the prefecture areaSaga PlainSpreads from the Genkai Sea to the western Saga PlainSuch ashillsIt is a zone. In the northeastMt. SefurisanIn the southwestMt. TaradakeEach of the mountainous areas has a mountainous area of ​​1,000 m and has a hilly area in between.arable landIs 39% of the prefecture's area, which is twice as high as the domestic average, while forests and wasteland are 2% of the national average, which is only 49% of the domestic average.

The northeastern part of the prefecture runs east to westMt. SefurisanIs KaratsuHamatama TownからTosu CityUntil then, the ridgeline is the border with Fukuoka Prefecture. The mountain range breaks in Tosu City, but the extension line of Fukuoka PrefectureMino MountainsIs extended. Tosu CityKiyamaAre adjacentKurumeIt is located in the mountainous area together with the Fukuoka plain in the north and in the south.Chikushi PlainTie道路network·TrainIt is a branch point of the net. In a key transportation area and industrial areaFukuoka metropolitan area OfBed townTherefore, the population growth rate is exceptionally high in the prefecture where housing development is progressing and the population continues to decline.The population of the Chikugo Saga area, which surrounds the Ariake Sea and the Chikugo River, centering on the Tsukushi Plain, which extends to both Fukuoka and Saga prefectures, exceeds 100 million, and the total production in the region is close to that of the Kitakyushu metropolitan area.The mountains extend to the north of the plain and are located in the central part of the prefecture.TianshanUp to.

The southern foot of Mt. Sefurisan is gentleDiluvial plateauIt is a long and narrow hilly area consisting ofAlluvial plainIsSaga PlainExtends from east to west and occupies the eastern to central part of the prefecture. The Saga Plain is another name for the western half of the Chikushi Plain and has been around since ancient times.CerealsIt is a granary area where there is a lot of production. Cross the center of the Chikushi plainChikugo RiverIs FukuokaChikugo region(Chikugo Plain) Is the border with. FlatLowlandSpreads inland and many large and small rivers flow20st centuryFlood damage occurred frequently until the middle of the year, but it is now largely suppressed due to the progress of flood control. To the south of the Saga PlainAriake SeaThere is a shallow and wideTidal flatThe biota peculiar to the tidal flat spread out. On the coast since the Edo periodReclamationAreas created by are distributed. The total reclaimed area in the prefecture is 100 since the Edo period.km2It reaches around 1% of the Saga Plain, or about 4% of the prefecture area.

The northwest isSea of ​​JapanとEast China SeaIs a connected water areaGenkai SeaTo face. Protruding into the seaHigashimatsuura Peninsula(Listed plateau)Kitamatsuura Peninsula ThebasaltConsisted ofLava plateauAnd is warm and partlyLaurel forestAlso distributed.Rias coastでPeninsula, Remote islandAre scattered,Karatsu Bay,Imari BayTo砂 浜Are distributed. Along the coast of this areaGenkai Quasi-National ParkSpecified toKaratsu Castle,YobukoThere are tourist destinations such as.

The Kishima hills spread to the south of the river mouth lowland on the Genkai Sea coast and to the southwestern part of the prefecture.NagasakiForm a prefectural border withMt. TaradakeContinue to the mountains. The Honoya Formation (Eocene) And Sasebo Group (OligoceneThere is a layer (coal bed) containing coal in the latter half,Coal mineHowever, it experienced rapid regional decline and population decline due to the closure of the mountain.It was also founded in the wake of the harvest of pottery stones at Izumiyama, Arita.Imari ware(Arita ware) Is a brand that represents Saga Prefecture.TakeoHot springsUreshinoSpa towns such as hot springs are scattered.

In Saga prefecture, except that Mt. Taradake is an inactive volcano.VolcanoThere is no.EarthquakeIs rarely affected byrainy seasonDue to heavy rain such as洪水,typhoonThere is a lot of damage.On the other hand, it occupies more than 3% of the forest area.Natural forest-Secondary forestMost ofEvergreen broad-leaved forestso,Genkai SeaOn the coastLaurel forestCan also be seen. The remaining 7% or lessCedarとCypressCentered onPlantationThe ratio of planted forest to forest area is 66% (2002 ) Is the highest in all prefectures of Japan.

Main terrain and natural park in the prefecture
Prefecture area
Adjacent prefectures
  • Fukuoka prefecture flagFukuoka
  • Nagasaki Prefecture FlagNagasaki
  • Hokkaido,Nagasaki Prefecture,OkinawaThere are two or more prefectures adjacent to each other on land in all prefectures except, but Saga prefecture is the only prefecture where the adjacent prefectures are not in contact with each other at all. In other words, when traveling between Fukuoka Prefecture and Nagasaki Prefecture by land, it must pass through this prefecture.

climate

Saga prefecture is relatively in JapanclimateAlthough it is warm, the winter is severe for latitude and colder than Tokyo.2016 On January 1, at all observation points in the prefecture真 冬日Was observed. If you look at Japan over a wide area,Pacific climateThe coastal area of ​​the Genkai Sea in the north is cloudy, butPrecipitation amountIn terms ofSea of ​​Japan side climateIs clearly different from.There are many typhoons passing and damage, but less than in other prefectures in Kyushu.The climate in the prefecture is roughly divided into three.

The southern plains centered around Saga City
There is a lot of precipitation in summer and a lot of winter. There is considerable rainfall throughout the year. The temperature isKumamoto-shiSuch asbasinThe temperature difference in the day tends to be large, and the heat is severe in summer, and there are many hot days and tropical nights.Since the plains are low above sea level, there are many floods and splashes containing salt sprayed from the Ariake Sea.Salt damageOften occurs.Also, because it is inland, it tends to dry mainly in winter, and it may snow many times.Winter in Saga is relatively cold, and it is the only snowy country in Kyushu.
Genkai Sea coast in the north of Karatsu City, Imari City, etc.
Precipitation is high in summer, but also high in winter due to monsoonSnowfallIs recorded several times a year.Oceanic climateThe temperature difference in one day tends to be small, and there are few hot days and winter days.
Mountainous areas such as Ureshino, Ureshino and Mise, Saga
The annual rainfall in the Mise area is about 2400 mm, and there is a large amount of rainfall overall, especially in summer. Both the temperature difference for one year and the temperature difference for one day are large. In the winter, it becomes particularly cold in the winter,FrostThere are also many days. Average yearTianshanThe first snow ofMay 12[2].
Left: 1981-2010 Normal value
Normal value in each area of ​​Saga (statistical period:1971 (Showa46 years)- 2000 (Heisei12 years), Source:Meteorological Agency / Meteorological Statistics Information)
Average price
(Monthly)
NorthSouthern
Karatsu City
Branch tree
KaratsuImari佐賀Saga City
Kawazu
ShiraishiUreshino
average
temperature
(° C)
Warmest month25.4
(May)
26.7
(May)
27.4
(May)
27.1
(May)
26.1
(May)
Coldest month5.3
(May)
5.1
(May)
5.2
(May)
4.7
(May)
4.1
(May)
Precipitation amount
(mm)
Most months324.3
(May)
389.3
(May)
362.8
(May)
369.7
(May)
446.8
(May)
Minimum month56.5
(May)
53.9
(May)
42.4
(May)
43.0
(May)
50.9
(May)

Municipalities

Currently, there are 10 in Saga prefectureCity6county10townThere are 20 municipalities in total.2004 (16) As of December, there were a total of 12 cities, towns and villages, including 7 cities, 8 counties, 38 towns and 4 villages,Merger of municipalitiesBy the last merger2007 (19)May 10The number of cities, towns and villages has decreased to less than half.For municipalities that were abolished due to the merger,List of abolished municipalities in Saga PrefecturePlease refer to.

Incidentally,2006 (18) Sefuri Village became Kanzaki City on March 3, and finally all the villages in Saga Prefecture disappeared.In Saga Prefecture, all "towns" are read as "butterflies" except that Kohoku Town refers to them as "towns".

Area ranking by prefectureIs a small prefecture with 42nd place and the whole prefecture is often one area, but if divided roughly,Saga PlainAnd the southHigashimatsuura PeninsulaIt is divided into the northern part centered on. Also, in a more detailed divisionSagi(Saga City/Ogi City/Taku City)Three gods(Tosu City, Kanzaki City, Sanyo District, Kanzaki District)Kito(Takeo City, Kashima City, Ureshino City, Kishima District, Fujitsu District)Karamatsu(Karatsu City, Higashimatsuura District)IsaiOften divided into 5 areas (Imari City, Nishimatsuura-gun).

List of prefecture local governments and specifications
市町村
Codes
市町村countyArea (km2)Population (people)The population density
(People/km2)
41201Saga City-431.84■232,015537
41202Karatsu City-487.59115,805238
41203Tosu City-71.7274,3381,037
41204Taku City-96.96■18,093187
41205Imari City-255.2551,900203
41206Takeo City-195.40■47,460243
41207Kashima-112.1227,489245
41208小 城市-95.8143,543454
41209Ureshino City-126.4125,419201
41210Kanzaki-125.13■30,566244
41327Yoshinogari TownKanzaki District43.9916,386372
41341KiyamaSanyo-gun22.1517,334783
41345KamimineSanyo-gun12.80■9,375732
41346Miyaki TownSanyo-gun51.92■25,615493
41387Genkai TownHigashimatsuura District35.925,492153
41401Arita TownNishimatsuura District65.8518,742285
41423Omachi TownKishima-gun11.506,217541
41424Kohoku TownKishima-gun24.49■9,550390
41425ShiroishiKishima-gun99.5621,700218
41441Tara TownFujitsu-gun74.307,978107
Area as of October 2014, 10Geographical Survey Institute"Area adjustment by prefectures, cities, towns and villages nationwide"by. In addition, * is a municipality with undecided boundaries. Population is as of June 2021, 12Estimated population.
Wide-area municipal area
  • Saga Area Wide Area Municipal Area-Saga City, Taku City, Ogi City, Kanzaki City
  • Karatsu/Higashimatsuura Metropolitan Area-Karatsu City, Genkai Town
  • Tosu Area Wide Area Municipal Area-Tosu City, Kamimine Town, Kiyama Town, Yoshinogari Town, Miyaki Town
  • Imari/Kitamatsu area wide area municipalities-Imari City, Arita Town
  • Kito District Wide Area Municipal Area-Takeo City, Kashima City, Ureshino City, Shiraishi Town, Omachi Town, Kohoku Town, Tara Town
Regional base city area
  • Saga Regional Base City Area-Saga City, Taku City, Ogi City, Kanzaki City
  • Karatsu/Higashimatsuura Region Base City Area-Karatsu City, Genkai Town

Metropolitan area

Mainly the cities in the prefectureUrban employment area(10% commuting area)

1980 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
佐賀 Metropolitan area
36Ten thousand6499
佐賀 Metropolitan area
37Ten thousand4637
佐賀 Metropolitan area
37Ten thousand9865
佐賀 Metropolitan area
41Ten thousand0326
佐賀 Metropolitan area
41Ten thousand3320
佐賀 Metropolitan area
40Ten thousand5062
佐賀 Metropolitan area
39Ten thousand8217
Karatsu Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand8271
Karatsu Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand1376
Karatsu Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand8829
Karatsu Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand5305
Karatsu Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand7854
Karatsu Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand3305
Karatsu Metropolitan area
12Ten thousand8687

7Ten thousand4066
Imari Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand4180
Imari Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand3483
Imari Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand1913
Tosu Metropolitan area
11Ten thousand0769
Tosu Metropolitan area
11Ten thousand3086
Tosu Metropolitan area
11Ten thousand5681
--Tosu Metropolitan area
6Ten thousand6494
Tosu Metropolitan area
6Ten thousand9790
Imari Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand0666
Imari Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand8090
Imari Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand5387
Source: Kanemoto, published value as of January 2020[3] by.
The prefecture's local governments center on Fukuoka's local governmentsFukuoka metropolitan area,Kurume metropolitan areaSome years were included in the table but were excluded from this table.

History

Origin of prefecture name

The prefecture name "Saga" is1871 It became the prefectural capital on the occasion of the abandonment of the feudal clan (Meiji 4)SagaTaken from. From ancient times, the notation of both "Saga" and "Saga" was seen,1870 It was unified into "Saga" in the 3rd year of Meiji. The old "Saga" notationSaga ShrineEtc. are left.

There are various theories about the origin of Saga-gun,Hizen Country CultureInKusunokiOften referred to are the "Sakae no Kuni" legend and the legend of Fudoki. Camphor trees have a close relationship with the fact that famous trees are located throughout the prefecture and are designated as "prefectural trees." There are also theories of "Saka," which refers to sloping terrain, "Saka," where water flows backward due to tidal action, and "Suga," which refers to dune areas.

Ancient times

Some Paleolithic remains have been discovered. In Taku City, etc.SanukiteA sharp-pointed stone tool specialized for hunting has been found. In ImariKoshidakeRuinsobsidianIt is confirmed that from here, the late Paleolithic period-Obsidian produced in the Jomon period has spread to Honshu, Okinawa, and the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Also in Saga cityTomei RuinsThen 7,000 years ago in the early Jomon period, baskets, wooden accessories,Shell moundRemains of living remains have been excavated.

The area facing the Genkai Sea in the northwestern part of the prefecture.FukuokaIntroduced from the continent alongside the northwestern part ofRice cultivationIs considered to be the birthplace of JapanUki Kuda RuinsThen, carbonized paddy in the late Jomon period,Nabata SiteIn the latter half of the Jomon period, carbonized rice and paddy fields have been found.

"Wei ZhajinLooks likeCountry of end(Matsuranokuni)" was said to have existed in the present Karatsu region,Bronze ware,CopperwareThere are many archaeological sites that are excavated. Also,Yoshinogari Town-KanzakiLarge hills of the Yayoi periodRing moatIsYoshinogari archeological siteThere is also a characteristic of northern Kyushu in the vicinityJar burialHave been found.

Furthermore, it was built in the early Kofun period. large keyhole-shaped tomb moundOf Karatsu cityKuri Sosui TombIn the Higashimatsuura district and northern Saga plain,Old tombAre distributed.665 On the border of Kiyama-cho and Chikushino-shi, FukuokaAncient mountain castleone ofKijo CastleWas built,GuardConveneDazaifuIt played a part in the line of defense.Around the same time, in Takeo CityObikumayama KamigoishiThe remains that are thought to be mountain castles such as are also established.These days(7st centuryBy the end)Regulatory countryAs of nowNagasakiMainland and entire Saga prefectureHizen countryWas established, and now in Saga prefectureKimono-gun,Yabu-gun,Sanne-gun,Kanzaki District,Saga,Ogi District,Matsuura-gun,Kishima-gun,Fujitsu-gunExisted.

Heian periodIn the second halfKanzakiso-NagashimasoSuch asManorWill be formed.

Medieval/Early Modern/Modern

From the Kamakura period to the Muromachi period, it is believed that more than a hundred clans were set up as the ground. Among them, the biggest one wasKyushu Chiba, Mr. Takagi ,,Matsuura,Shoji,Mr. Hata,Mr. GotoAnd so on. In addition, the Genkai Sea coastMatsuura PartyHad a strong influence. Typical remains of this time are:Northern and Northern DynastiesFeaturing a large moat built inHeijoOf the Kanzaki cityAnekawa CastleThere is.

In the Warring States period,RyuzojiExpanded its power at once and expanded its territory to Hizen, northern Higo, Chikugo, and southern Chikuzen.Around this time, at the end of the Warring States periodShimazuThe offensive ofBattle of OkitaByRyuzoji TakanobuWhen he died in the war, he lost his momentum and gradually narrowed his territory.just,Toyotomi Administrationby1587 (Tensho15 years)KyushuAs a result, most of the current Saga prefecture is under the control of Mr. Ryuzoji, and the printing plate is decided.

1591 (Tensho 19) on the Higashimatsuura PeninsulaNagoya CastleWas built,The role of Bunroku and KeichoWas made the base of. The castle has finished its role in both battles, partlyKaratsu CastleIt was dismantled in a few years, such as being used when the castle was built.On the other hand, in the territory of Ryuzoji, after Takanobu's death,Naoshima NaoshimaBegan to act on behalf of national affairs and gradually gained power1607 In (Keicho 12th year), almost all of Ryuzoji's territoryMr. NabeshimaBecame the lord of Saga. Before and after this, there was a feud between the two clan,Nabeshima Clan's Haunted Cat UproarIt is also said to have created the story. On the other hand, in the Karatsu domain, Mr. HataReformBeing replaced, he became the first lord of the Karatsu domain.

In the Edo period,Saga Domain, Three of them, the Hasuike clan, the Kashima clan, and the Ogi clan,Karatsu DomainWas placed. In addition, near the current Tosu City and Kiyama TownTsushima Fuchu clanThe territory of Tashiro and the territory of Hamasaki in the area near Hamatama-cho, Karatsu City, were the enclaves of the Tsushima Fuchu clan. In addition, the current coastal area of ​​Hamatama-cho, Karatsu City and the southeastern part of Karatsu CityShogunate territoryIt was.

The Saga feudal clan and its branch clan were relatively stable politically due to the continued control of Nabeshima, his common family, and the branch family of Ryuzoji. However, due to the increased security costs in Nagasaki, the finances were strict from the beginning,The Great Famine of Kyoho,1828 (11th year of Bunsei)Siebold typhoonThe enormous damage caused by the spurred it. However, in the vast Ariake SeaReclamationBy taking advantage of the advantage of being able to expand farmland by making extensive use of land reclamation from the early Edo period, we succeeded in expanding the stone height to approximately 1840 stones in the 67s, nearly double that of 200 years ago. ing. Also, in the middle of the 2th centuryNaomasa NabeshimaStrives to rebuild its finances, reduce officials,Imari ware,tea-coalWe made efforts to protect and nurture such special products. Also, because it was geographically close to Nagasaki, and because it was in charge of Nagasaki security, it was relatively easy to obtain overseas information,Reflection furnace,steam locomotiveExperiments and research on advanced science and technology such as models were also in progress.

On the other hand, Mr. Terasawa was in the Karatsu domain.Shimabara's turbulenceIt was modified by the influence ofMr. Okubo,Mr. Matsudaira,Mr. Doi,Mizuno,Mr. OgasawaraThe politics were not very stable.Hirotaka Terasawa TheMatsuura RiverAfter renovating, but after thatMizuno TadashiThe teenager1771 (8th year of Meiwa)Rainbow MatsubaraHappened.

The Saga DomainBoshin WarOr later,Meiji RestorationProduced a lot of people who contributed to. Active in the Meiji Restoration PeriodOhte Shigenobu-Soejima Tanomi-Takaki Oki-Shinpei Eto-Tsunozumi Sano-Yoshiyuki Shima6 people who were active in the end of the Edo period while raising themNaomasa NabeshimaAnd addThe Seven Sages of SagaIt may be called. At the end of the Edo periodSatsu Nagachi OfAspirantThe Meiji new government, which was the center of the group, had volunteered Hizen volunteers from the middle of the Boshin War.Shocho ToiBecause of this system, the people from Hizen continued to occupy the major positions of the Meiji government, but after the Taisho era, the influence of the civil rights screaming to overthrow the feudal clanSatsu NagachiSimilarly, it is no longer a clique.

1871 At the time of the large-scale integration of the prefectures, the extent of the former Hizen country was divided into Imari prefecture (later Saga prefecture) and Nagasaki prefecture. There are only two such dispositions nationwide, while others are oldMusashi country(Saitama-Tokyo-KanagawaNortheast) and oldSettsu(OsakaNorthwestHyogoSoutheast). This includesUS-Japan Amity and Trade TreatyIt is said that the purpose of the project was to keep the area of ​​the prefecture that covers the five ports that were the target of the opening of the port as narrow as possible. Until the current Saga Prefecture was established, consolidation was repeated in the early Meiji era,1876 In (Meiji 9), there was a situation where all prefectures were merged with other prefectures. In the background of the annexation of all prefectures, 1874Saga no RanIt is said that there was a meaning of disposal to. After the annexation of the strong prefectural rehabilitation movement, seven years later1883 (16th year of Meiji) Saga will be revived[4].

History until the establishment of Saga Prefecture

Meiji EraToAquaculture industryAs part of this, the production of machinery was promoted at coal mines in Kishima and Karatsu areas, and the construction of railways helped boost that.1889 (22th year of Meiji)May 12CurrentKagoshima Main LineIncluding prefecture sectionHakata -Opened between Chitose River (currently abolished).1891 (24th year of Meiji)May 8ToTosu - 佐賀while,1895 (28th year of Meiji)May 5ToTakeoUntil,1897 (30th year of Meiji) Sasebo City, Nagasaki Prefecture on July 7HaikiEach stretched up to the presentNagasaki Main Line-Sasebo LineA route to hit was created. Also1898 (31th year of Meiji)May 8ToKyushu Railway West Kyushu LineArita - ImariOpening of the route that hits the gap, 1898May 12から1903 (36th year of Meiji)May 12To the presentKaratsu LineThe route which hits was opened.1916 In (Taisho 15) Saga spinning (laterYamato spinningSaga Factory) was established and expanded to a factory with 1920 employees in 1,500, and the manufacturing industry developed through modernization. On the other hand, problems in the working environment have started to occur in various places.

Modernization was not noticeable in rural areas,1922 The introduction of electric irrigation in JapanBreed improvement,fertilizerWith the rapid spread of adoptionRiceHas significantly increased production,1933 (Showa 8)- 1935 10 year (1 years)a) The highest yield per record was recorded in Japan, called the “Saga stage”, and the population increased with the development of agriculture, which was the main industry.

modern

The cities in the prefecture are not industrially concentrated,U.S. ForcesThe priority of the attack was low andPacific WarThe damage caused by the air raids at the end of the period was less than in neighboring prefectures due to the accidental bombing of Saga City, the prefecture's largest attack target. rice field.Despite commercial development, both workers and production value remainPrimary industryWas a relatively high agricultural prefecture. Around this time, the prefectural finances deteriorated due to an increase in fiscal expenditures such as disaster recovery costsFiscal rebuilding organizationIn the background of large-scale faculty reduction as a financial reconstruction measureSakyogumi CaseIs occurring.1960 eraIn 1967, the "new Saga stage" was triggered by the progress of hydraulic control and irrigation and the improvement of farming methods through the collaboration of villages. be[5].

However, since the late 1960sReductionAs a result, rice-centered agriculture was hit, and the closure of coal mines accelerated, centering on the former coal mine areas such as Taku, Kishima, and Higashimatsuura.High economic growthRapid depopulation progressed during the period.On the other hand, since the 1970s, agriculture has shifted to multi-items such as vegetables and fruits, not just rice, and in the Saga Plain, the production of wheat by double cropping has penetrated to maintain agriculture.In industry, after the development of highways, factories were attracted around the highways in various places.As a result, the agglomerated manufacturing industry has grown into a core industry in the northeastern part of the prefecture centered on Tosu City. From the 1990ssemiconductor,AutomobileThe parts industry is increasing in proportion.

History

population

As of July 2021, the population of Saga Prefecture is about 7, ranking 80nd among all prefectures.Kyushu and Okinawa regionIs the least populated.Total fertility rate 1.56(2002年)は同4番目に高く、年少人口(0 - 15歳)も 15.8%(2002年)と同3番目に高い。人口ピラミッドを見ると、18歳までの人口割合が比較的高く20歳前後でのGoing on to school-Finding employmentIt is characterized by a lot of migration due to. In line with this, the working-age population (16-64 years) is 62.8% (2002), and the ratio is low at 38th. The elderly population (65 years and over) is 21.4% (2002), which is the 21st and the middle.Average lifeThere is a difference between men and women. Men are 78.31 years old and 32nd at the same age, which is shorter than the domestic average of 78.79 years old, and women are 86.04 years old and 17th at the same age, which is longer than the domestic average of 85.75 years (17 (2005 ) Life table by prefecture).

The prefecture's population (described later) is the first from the prewar 60 level.Baby boomThrough1954 (ShowaAround 29), it reached a peak of 97, but it declined rapidly with the progress of high economic growth.1973 In (48), it hit the bottom with 82 people.After that, it recovered moderately and remained in the mid 2,000 range, and has continued to decrease since the latter half of the 80s.[7].. According to 2007 estimates, the number is expected to decrease to 2020 by 80.4 and 2035 by 71.2.[8].. With population declineLow birthrate and aging populationHowever, the rate of progress is relatively slow due to the high birth rate.

The large population isSaga City(About 24 people),Karatsu City(About 13 people),Tosu City(Approximately 7 people), but there are many small and medium-sized cities scattered around, and there are no cities with strong economic and population centripetal force.The Saga Plain in the southeastern part, which occupies one-third of the prefecture's area, is home to 3 people, half of the prefecture's population.Genkai SeaThere is also a population agglomeration along the coast and in the basins of the Kishima hills.There is no major bias in the population distribution except that it is biased towards flat land.However, according to the 2005 census, DID in the total population (Concentrated area) Population ratio is 28.4%Shimane It is the second lowest among 47 prefectures, and has a large population.cityIt can be read that it is relatively dispersed without being biased.

Demography41000.svg
Population distribution by age in Saga and Japan (2005)Saga Prefecture Age and Gender Population Distribution (2005)
■Purple-Saga
■Green-All over Japan
■Blue-male
■Red-female

Changes in the population of Saga Prefecture
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

Transition of total population

Change of prefecture population from 1920 to 2010
Total [Unit: person]

ADpopulation
1920 673,895G100.pngG30.pngG05.png
1925 684,831G100.pngG30.pngG05.pngG01.png
1930 681,565G100.pngG30.pngG05.pngG01.png
1935 686,117G100.pngG30.pngG05.pngG01.pngG01.png
1940 701,517G100.pngG30.pngG10.png
1947 917,797G100.pngG50.pngG30.pngG03.pngG01.png
1950 945,082G100.pngG50.pngG30.pngG05.pngG03.pngG01.png
1955 973,749G100.pngG50.pngG30.pngG10.pngG05.png
1960 942,874G100.pngG50.pngG30.pngG05.pngG03.pngG01.png
1965 871,875G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG10.pngG03.pngG01.png
1970 838,468G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG05.pngG03.png
1975 837,674G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG05.pngG03.png
1980 865,574G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG10.pngG03.png
1985 880,013G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG10.pngG05.pngG01.png
1990 877,851G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG10.pngG05.pngG01.png
1995 884,316G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG10.pngG05.pngG01.pngG01.png
2000 876,654G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG10.pngG05.png
2005 866,369G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG10.pngG03.png
2010 849,709G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG10.png

Politics

Prefectural government

Prefectural governor

Yoshiyoshi Yamaguchi(Yama no Guchi Yoshinori)

2015 (27)May 1[9] -(First term, 1th generation)
In 2015, when his predecessor Yasushi Furukawa resigned as a member of the House of Representatives and resignedMay 1Won the first election. The deputy governor will be acting until 13th.

Issues and main policies of prefectural government

  • Shirohara River DamConstruction Issues-Continuing conflicts between pros and cons of construction,1979 Over 54 years have passed since the planning of (30), and the construction has not yet started.
  • Isahaya Bay reclamation projectOver the impact of fishing on the fishing industry-Fishermen filed a lawsuit to open the embankment because the closing of the "tide receiving dike" due to reclamation business was the cause of unfishing of seafood and aquaculture seaweed from the Ariake Sea, and the Saga District Court (2008 ) ・A decision by the Fukuoka High Court (2010) to order the opening of the gate,KanDue to the Prime Minister's (then) abandonment of national appeal (December 2010), the "12 year opening" will be held by December 2013.[10].. However, there is a growing dispute due to a lawsuit for opening gates (April 2011-) filed by farmers in the polder and residents in the vicinity of the polder, and in another litigation with almost the same content, Nagasaki District Court (June 4). There is a lot of confusion, such as the decision that the opening of the gate is not accepted[11].
  • Saga AirportProblem- 1998 The deficit that has continued since the opening of the port has reached a cumulative total of 30 billion yen (as of 2011), and efforts to improve management have become an issue.[12].
  • Kyushu Shinkansen (West Kyushu route)Problem-on the Kyushu Shinkansen West Kyushu routeTakeo hot spring - IsahayaDesignated as a parallel conventional line that will be separated from JR over constructionNagasaki Main LineAlong the lineKashima-Kohoku TownHowever, they were not able to start the construction because they opposed it.2007 In December (19), the so-called "three-party agreement" that parallel conventional lines would not be separated from each other decided to start construction in the form of "ignoring" the opposite intentions of the two cities and towns. Construction started in April 12, and the section is scheduled to be completed in 2. There were also criticisms of public relations activities that promoted the construction of "News from the citizens of the prefecture."In addition, the prefecture also admits that there are many citizens of the prefecture who have doubts about construction, and will carry out activities to seek understanding in the future. Isahaya-Nagasaki construction start approval was granted in 2008, remainingNew Tosu -Between Takeo OnsenNarrow gaugeageFree gauge trainAlthough it is supposed to use the,Standard gaugeThe possibility of upgrading to (full standard) is an issue.
  • Online monitoring-According to the news report in November 2006, the Crisis Management and Public Relations Department checks writings including words such as "Saga" and "Yasu Furukawa", and depending on the content, thank you and explain. It was revealed. Some criticized it as "Internet surveillance".[13].
  • Genkai Nuclear Power StationPlu-thermal problem- Kyushu Electric PowerAfter the announcement of the introduction by the government, an opposition movement was developed, but with the consent of the local and prefectural governments.2009 (21)OctoberFrom No. 3 to Japan's firstPlu thermalStarted commercial operation.However, there are still voices of opposition because of concerns about safety.
  • Genkai nuclear power plant restart problem- 2011 (23)Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant AccidentDue to anxiety about safety, operations of Units 3 and 4, which were scheduled to resume commercial operation in March-April after regular inspections, were suspended.[14].. At the stage of forming local consent upon resumptionKyushu Electric Power Yarase Mail CaseThe debate has stagnated because Governor Furukawa's responsibility, which has been involved in the crisis, has emerged.
  • Saga high mat -4th place in JapanHeavy ion beam cancer treatmentConstructed as a facility. This is the first investment form in Japan, with less than 1% of prefectures and the rest private, and attention is being paid to changes in usage and fund management.[15].

National politics

House of Representatives OfSmall district The47th House of Representatives general electionIt was reduced by 1 from to 2 in the whole prefecture.House of CouncilorsNow, make up one ward in all prefectures.

Economic and industrial

Number of employees by industry 2010[17]
Primary industry
 â€‰
37,838 (9.3%)
Secondary industry
 â€‰
96,188 (23.5%)
Tertiary industry
 â€‰
262,820 (64.2%)
Unclassifiable
 â€‰
12,431 (3.0%)
Comparison of the number of workers by industry[17][18][19][20]
Primary industrySaga
 â€ƒ
50.0%
Japan as a whole
 â€ƒ
41.1%
Secondary industrySaga
 â€ƒ
17.9%1955
Japan as a whole
 â€ƒ
23.4%
Tertiary industrySaga
 â€ƒ
32.1%
Japan as a whole
 â€ƒ
35.5%
Primary industrySaga
 â€ƒ
9.3%
Japan as a whole
 â€ƒ
4.0%
Secondary industrySaga
 â€ƒ
23.5%2010
Japan as a whole
 â€ƒ
24.8%
Tertiary industrySaga
 â€ƒ
64.2%
Japan as a whole
 â€ƒ
70.2%
Agricultural products with high domestic market share by prefecture 2010[21]
Nijo Barley
 â€‰
25.6% (2nd place)
soy
 â€‰
8.1% (2nd place)
onion
 â€‰
13.8% (2nd place)
Lotus root
 â€‰
6.7% (3nd place)
Asparagus
 â€‰
10.4% (3nd place)

Gross domestic product in 2007 (Heisei 19) is 3 trillion yen[22].. It is ranked 47rd in 43 prefectures, and has an economic scale equivalent to that of a “country” that ranks around 85th in the world.[23].

In terms of the number of employees by industry, Saga Prefecture is often referred to as an agricultural prefecture because the proportion of primary industry is higher than in other prefectures.

Primary industry

Saga PlainAroundCerealsCentered onAgriculture:But,入 り 江A lot ofGenkai SeaIn the northwest facingFruit farming,Livestock,Coastal fisheryIs thriving.Ariake SeaIn the prefecture south area facingSeaweedFarming is thriving.

Agriculture:

In Saga Prefecture, the ratio of cultivated land to the area of ​​the prefecture (cultivated land ratio) is 24%, and the ratio of planted area to arable land area (arable land utilization ratio) is 133% (1986 (No. 61 in Japan for 20 consecutive years since 1)[Source required]And, both prefectures are high in Japan, and agriculture is thriving.

Of major agricultural productsRiceHas been particularly focused since ancient times. In the 1930s,Arrangement of arable landAnd electrical machineIrrigationWith the introduction of[Source required], The improvement of efficient agricultural methodsSaga stageWas called.Great flood damage in 1953In response to this, a large-scale irrigation facility was developed in the 1950s due to the development of irrigation in parallel with flood control.Furthermore, the agricultural community was improved and unified by making the most of the long-established community cooperation in the Saga Plain. So, even in the 1960s, it became the most repatriated Japan. Until the 1970s, rice accounted for more than half of the prefecture's agricultural output.ReductionThe environment surrounding rice has changed completely due to the flow of rice. Although efficiency was achieved by large-scale arable land arrangement by prefectures,TransferAs the number of products has increased, it decreased to around 2000% in the 25s[Source required].. On the other hand, the share of vegetables, fruits and livestock products has risen to about 6%. Also, although the proportion of rice production has decreased, three-quarters of the cultivated land in Saga Prefecture stillPaddy fieldAnd rice is flourishing. By typeHinohikari,Koshihikari Rice,Dream dropAnd so on. In recent years, due to the frequent decrease in yield due to high temperature ripening disorders, the production of "", which is resistant to high temperatures, is expanding. Also centered onGlutinous riceProduction is extremely large, and the number 1 production in Japan (2002 (14))[Source required].

Saga PlainIs not just ricesoy,barleyOccupy in agricultural productsCerealsIt is a granary area with a high ratio of[Source required].. In the Saga Plain, rice is cultivated as a summer crop, while it is expected to grow quickly even in winter due to the mild weather.wheatAnd grow barleyDouble cropIt is carried out.beer,Distilled spiritsUsed as raw material forNijo BarleyAnnual yield of 34,000 tons (2006 (18))[Source required].

For large cities mainly in the suburbs and western JapanVegetablesThere are also many kinds of production. For vegetables,onion,Lotus root,AsparagusThere is a lot of production.Salt damageResistant toReclaimed landThe annual yield of onions, which are cultivated a lot in the country, is 162,400 tons (2006 (18)) No. 2 in Japan[Source required].Mt. Sefurisan(Chikushi mountain area), the altitude is high, so there is a lot of precipitation and the cool climate makes good use ofPlateau vegetablesIs also cultivated.

In the fruitStrawberry(Major varieties include Sahonoka and Toyono)Orange,PearThere is a lot of production such as. Harvest of mandarin oranges is declining year by year, but the shipment period is long due to greenhouse cultivationHouse mandarin orangeHas a large annual yield.

In livestock farming, like other prefectures in Kyushu,chicken,Beef cattle,Dream PorkThere are many breeding heads. For beef,Imari CityIs produced mainlySaga beef(“Imari beef”) brand has been widely promoted in recent years.

Ureshino CityIn various parts of the prefectureteaThere is also a lot of production.Ureshino teaSold under a brand.

Considering the peak consumption of domestic agricultural products, there are also attempts to export rice, fruits, beef, etc. under the “Saga brand”.

Fishery:

NorthwestGenkai Sea(Sea of ​​Japan) And the southernAriake SeaThe characteristics are very different.

In the Ariake SeaSeaweedThe production of shellfish is particularly high, and the catch of shellfish is also high.It also produces a lot of board glue, and specializes in gifts, and sells the finest products as "Saga Nori Ariake Sea Ichiban".Of the crabs that are often caught in the Ariake Sea called Gazami, those caught in the waters near Tara Town are called "Takezaki crabs".Also, in the lower reaches of the Chikugo River in early summerEtsuFishing is done and the southeastern part of this prefecture is Fukuoka prefecture.Chikugo regionKnown as a production center alongside.

In recent years, the yield of many seafood in the Ariake Sea has been volatile, and the decline in the number of workers has added to the deterioration of the fishing industry. Also, since the 1990s, poor harvest of seaweed and poor catch of seafood have increased,Isahaya Bay reclamationIt has been pointed out that the impact of the project has been pointed out by fishermen.

In the Genkai Sea,Horse mackerel,サ バSuch as fishsquid,Octopus,shrimpThere are many such catches, and these account for more than 9% of the catch in this area.[Source required].. ,,Karatsu PortThere is a lot of landing due to[Source required].

Secondary industry

Mining

In the prefecture, since the Meiji era,coalMining has begun. OrKaratsu CoalfieldCoal mines such as the various coal mines are concentrated in the central and northwestern parts of the prefecture, and were booming at their peak. However1950 eraSince then, the scale has decreased due to the decrease in reserves and mining, and the shift in energy policy, and all coal mines were closed by the 1970s.

In Izumiyama, Arita Town磁器As a raw material ofLee SanpeiThe pottery stone discovered by was being mined.However, demand was sluggish due to being pushed by the pottery stones from Amakusa that began to be used in the middle of the Meiji era.1992 Mining was completed in (4), and now only part of the inventory is used.

Manufacturing industry

In Saga prefecture, similar to the trend in Japan as a wholeHeavy chemical industryIs high, but food shipments are particularly high[Source required]. Also,Ceramic industryThe share of the shipping amount is large (see the item below).

Regionally, it is a key transportation hub in Kyushu.Tosu CityOf the prefectural capitalSaga CityIndustry is thriving in the surrounding area.Factories of many companies have set up operations in Tosu City and Kiyama Town.Imari BayThen,shipbuilding-semiconductorA seaside industrial area is lined with factories for marine products processing, food, wood, etc.

Auto parts,machine, The manufacture of semiconductor parts is relatively active,Silicon waferThe annual production value is 1,320 billion yen, which is the highest in Japan due to the location of a large-scale factory (2010 (22))[Source required].

Factory from around 1980s aiming to create jobs, increase tax revenue, and curb population outflowHousing complexAttracted factories to. Currently, municipalities and prefectures are still in the center of attracting factories.

Ceramic industry

Arita TownIn the western part of the prefectureChinaThe related industries are especially thriving,Arita ware(Imari ware),Karatsu wareThere are also many brands such as.In the 17th century in AritaKoreaOf the potter who came fromLee SanpeiFounded Arita porcelain (called Imari ware in the early modern period) by discovering high-quality pottery stones in Izumiyama, and branded products that were also exported in the old days were produced. Ceramics are being produced.Arita Town accounts for 6% of the prefecture's production of pottery, and the annual shipment value is 200 to 300 billion yen.In addition, it is also popular in Imari City.

Other

In the Edo periodNagasaki HighwayConfectionery industry is flourishing because sugar was widely distributed along the way.小 城市Yokan,Saga CityMarunoboro, Karatsu CityMatsuro ManjuIn addition to traditional sweets remaining in various places,Ezaki GlicoFounder ofRiichi Ezaki,Morinaga ConfectioneryFounder ofTaichiro MorinagaBoth are from Saga prefecture and have produced human resources.

It may be one of the best rice in JapanSakeBrewing is thriving,Kamakura PeriodWas presented to the shogunate as "Hizen sake". Both production and consumption are better than sakeDistilled spiritsIt is different in Kyushu where there is a strong tendency to[Source required].

Tertiary industry

Saga Prefecture's commerce is not particularly active in terms of population size and income of the prefecture.2000 eraLarge-scale suburban type from the beginningShopping centerWhile construction is occurring one after another, the decline of shopping streets in urban areas is progressing in various places.On the other hand, it is convenient for transportation and is larger than the prefecture.Fukuoka CityCustomers have flown to the commercial districts of, but this trend still exists.

Although the service industry population is large, no major features are seen compared to other prefectures.TourismIt is sometimes said that tourism resources are scarce in terms of industry, but it is also said that their utilization and PR are not progressing well.[Source required].2005 From (17)Family tourismWe are advocating the idea of ​​"" and are developing policies to attract trips for parents, children and grandchildren.

It also has a role as a transit point for transportation and trade concentration areas such as Fukuoka and Nagasaki.Tosu JunctionThere are many transportation and warehousing establishments along highways and arterial roads.

A company headquartered in Saga

Manufacturing industry

Financial industry

Wholesale/Retail

Media

Saga TV is the only terrestrial commercial TV station in the prefecture, and depending on the region (especially in the western part of the prefecture, Imari City, Takeo City, Ureshino City, etc.)NHK(Synthesis-Education (E-tele)) Only can receive. therefore,Cable TVThe majority of households use.

Other

A company that has a base office in the prefecture

Life

Defense/Security

life line

electricitybusiness person
Transmission and distribution
Kyushu Electric Power Transmission and Distribution(60Hz) Sends and distributes power throughout the prefecture.
Power generation
  • Kyushu Electric PowerGenkai Nuclear Power Station: 4 units, total output 3,478,000kW
  • Kyushu Electric Power Tenzan Power Plant (PurePumping): Output 600,000kW
  • Kyushu Electric Power Tsurugi Power PlantHydraulic power): Output 5,230kW
  • Hizen Minami Wind Power Plant (Wind power): 8 units, output 18,000kW
  • Yoshinogari Mega Solar Power Plant (tentative name) (Sun light): Output 12,077kW[24]
Water supply
  • Eastern Saga Water Supply Company-Supply to Kanzaki City, Kawazoe Town, Higashiyoga Town, Yoshinogari Town, Kiyama Town, Kamimine Town, Miyaki Town
  • Western Saga Water Supply Company-Supply to Taku City, Takeo City, Ogi City, Ureshino City, Omachi Town, Kohoku Town, Shiraishi Town, Kubota Town
    • Nishisaga Water Supply Company-Supply to the southeastern part of Ogi City, Kubota Town, and the eastern part of Shiraishi Town
Saga City, Tosu City, Karatsu City, Imari City, Genkai Town, Kashima City, and Tara Town are supplied by the Waterworks Bureau of each municipality.
City Gas
  • Saga Gas (13A)-Supply to Saga City
  • Karatsu Gas (13A)-Supply to Karatsu City
  • Tosu Gas (13A)-Supply to Tosu City
  • Imari Gas (13A)-Supply to Imari City
Area code
  • 0942-Tosu City, Kiyama Town, Miyaki Town (FukuokaKurumeMA)
  • 0952-Ogi City, Kanzaki City, Saga City, Taku City, Yoshinogari Town, Omachi Town, Kohoku Town, Shiraishi Town (*Former Shiraishi Town/Ariake Town), Kamimine Town
  • 0954
    • TakeoMA -Ureshino City (* Ureshino Town), Takeo City
    • Kashima MA-Ureshino City (*Shiota Town), Kashima City, Shiraishi Town (*Former Ariake Town), Tara Town
  • 0955
    • Karatsu MA-Karatsu City, Genkai Town
    • Imari MA-Imari City, Arita Town
Even if the area code is the same, if the MA is different, it will be a long distance call.
Zip Code
The first two digits are 2 throughout the prefecture. LaterKyushu-Okinawa postal code # area code 84 (Saga prefecture)reference.

Transportation

道路

The easternmost part of the prefecture is a branch point of Kyushu's transportation where national roads, highways and railways gather, and because of its convenience, there are many logistics and manufacturing bases in the eastern part. The prefectural road is located on the northeast-southwest trunk line that connects Fukuoka and Nagasaki prefectures, and extends in a net-like fashion with Saga and Karatsu cities as the base points.

The main artery of road traffic in KyushuNational Route 3Runs north-south on the east side of Tosu City, Kiyama-cho at the eastern end of the prefecture. Further to the east side of the border with Fukuoka PrefectureKyushu ExpresswayRuns to the north and south.

Crosses the plain in the southern part of the prefecture diagonally from northeast to southwestNational Route 34Is a large trunk line from Tosu City to Nagasaki City via Saga City, Kanzaki City, Takeo City, Ureshino City, etc. In parallel with thisNagasaki ExpresswayIs running. Route 34 and Route 3 are connected in Tosu City, and also with Nagasaki ExpresswayKyushu Expressway-Oita Expressway Tosu JunctionAre connected with.

From Takeo City to Sasebo CityNational Route 35From Fukuoka City to Sasebo City via Karatsu City and Imari CityNational Route 202Connects Saga and KaratsuNational Route 203, Proceed southeast from Saga City through Saga Plain and Chikugo PlainOmuta CityTo Kumamoto City viaNational Route 208Is also the main trunk line. As a major line connecting Saga City and Fukuoka City across the mountainsKawakami Gorge,Mise Pass-Mise tunnelViaNational Route 263There is alsoNational Route 385Is a national highway that connects Yanagawa City and Fukuoka City via Kanzaki City, and together with Route 34, constitutes a route that connects Saga City and Fukuoka City, crossing the mountains, but in 2006Tososhin TunnelHas improved convenience.

On the toll road, detour from Fukuoka City to Hirado in parallel with National Highway 202 and go through Sasebo City.Takeo JunctionConnect toNishikyushu ExpresswayIs under construction and is open to the Takeo area and part of the eastern part of Karatsu city. As a bypass of Route 203Saga Karatsu RoadAre planned and someItsukugi Taku Road,Itsukugi BypassIs used as. AlsoRegional high standard roadFrom Omuta via Route Saga in parallel with Route 208, and circulates along the coast of Ariake Sea to reach KashimaAriake Sea Coast RoadIs under maintenance and planning, and some sections of the prefecture are open.

bus

Main in the prefectureBus terminal TheSaga Station Bus Center,Karatsu Oteguchi Bus Center,Kashima Bus Center,Ureshino Bus Centeretc.

In Saga Municipal, Showa, Nishitetsu, Yutoku, SaihinimocaYou can use transportation IC cards such as.

In addition, the local government entrusts the operation to a chartered bus company or taxi company.Community busIs operated in various places.

Train

Pass through the Saga Plain and the cities of Tosu, Saga, and Kashima along the Ariake Sea coastJRNagasaki Main Line, Crossing the west via Takeo and AritaSasebo LineIs the limited expressSeagull-Green-Huis Ten BoschRuns and is used as a trunk line. Although it is a short distance, the eastern end is the aorta of KyushuKagoshima Main LineとKyushu ShinkansenRuns north to south. In addition, it connects Saga and KaratsuKaratsu Line, From Fukuoka City to Karui via Karatsu to ImariChikuhi Line, Arita to Matsuura via ImariMatsuura RailwayNishikyushu Line, With KiyamaAsakura CityTie AmagiAmagi RailwayAmagi LineThere is.

空港

1998 Opened inSaga AirportIt is,All Nippon AirwaysBy 1 round trips a dayHanedaBesides flights,LCC OfSpring and Autumn Air Shanghai PudongFlight,Tway Airlines SeoulFlight,Spring Japan NaritaOperates a flight. The number of passengers is approximately 66 annually (FY2016)[25] Has become. Operate night freight flights,KitakyushuWithMulti airportSettings are being made. Number of flights and serviceAirlinesFor reasons such as selectivity, and in areas where the distance is shortFukuoka Airport(Fukuoka city)Nagasaki Airport(Nagasaki PrefectureOmura) Is also used.

Ship

Large harbors are concentrated on the Genkai Sea coast.Karatsu PortとImari Port Important portIs. Karatsu Port is characterized by a high acceptance of raw materials such as cement, gravel, sand and oil. Imari PortDalian-QingdaoRoute (Chugoku・Minsei Wheelboat Co., Ltd.),ShanghaiRoute (Japan/Kanbara Kisen Co., Ltd.), South China Round Route ( South Korea・Koa Kaiun Co., Ltd.) has a large proportion of container cargo with multiple overseas routes, and a new quay with a depth of 13 m that is suitable for large ships.Gantry craneThe international container terminal is being developed with priority.Local portOn the Genkai Sea sideYobuko Port(Evacuation port)... on the Ariake Sea sideSuminoe PortThere are a total of 7 ports.

In the Genkai Sea, regular passenger routes connecting remote islands and the mainland operate.Karatsu East - Intsuji PortFlight (Kyushu Yusen) Is KaratsuIkiTie with From Karatsu PortTakashimaBy flight (Karatsu City Fisheries Cooperative Takashima Branch), from Minato PortKamijimaBy Flight (Karatsu City Fisheries Cooperative Kamijishima Branch/Euzing Boat Uno), from Yobuko PortOgawa IslandFlight (Kawaguchi Kisen),Katang IslandFlight (Katashima Kisen),MatsushimaFlight (Shin-ei),Mado IslandA total of 4 routes (Yusshomaru) from Hoshiga PortMukaijimaBy flight (Mukojimamaru), from Uranosaki PortFukushimaThere is a harbor service (Kaneko round row shop).Ariake SeaSo there is no regular route.

Medical and welfare

Education

Saga Prefecture's college enrollment rate is 43.6% (2020 (Reiwa2 years) High school graduate).

Mass media

News (Chinese)

Local newspaper
National newspaper
  • Sankei ShimbunOther than 4 papers (Yomiuri,Asahi,every day,Nikkei) Or specialty paperNikkan Kogyo ShimbunHas a bureau and branch office in the prefecture,Yomiuri Shimbun,Mainichi NewspapersHas a printing plant in Tosu City (Fukuoka metropolitan areaAnd print newspapers to be transported to each prefecture in Kyushu).The Sankei Shimbun is published in Kyushu at the Tosu Printing Factory of the Mainichi Shimbun Kyushu Center.Yamaguchi でSankei Shimbun Western HeadquartersConsign and print the "Kyushu/Yamaguchi Special Edition" issued. *Before the special edition of Kyushu/Yamaguchi was published2009 (21)May 9Until attachedSankei Shimbun Osaka Head OfficeThe early edition (6th edition) with a deadline of 18:6 pm (XNUMX:XNUMX) was air-fed from Osaka and was outsourced for sale from the Nishinippon Shimbun retail store (Nishi Nippon Shimbun Area Center). same yearMay 10After the first edition of Kyushu Yamaguchi Special Edition, it is now sold by the Mainichi Shimbun retail store. *In some parts of Saga City,Asahi Shimbun・It was sold by the Mainichi Shimbun retail store. (*Even from the same day at station shops and convenience stores)2018 (30)OctoberIt was changed to the Nishinihon Shimbun retail store (Nishinihon Shimbun area center).
  • In the prefecture, only Nikkei is set in the morning and evening, excluding NikkeiNational newspaperThe 5 newspapers and the Nishinippon Shimbun are published in an integrated version of the morning edition only.In West Japan, Yomiuri, and Mainichi, there are areas where evening editions are delivered in the center of Saga City and part of Tosu City and Kiyama Town.

TV station

There are two TV stations in Saga prefecture, and there is only one commercial broadcaster (NHK and one commercial broadcaster are in Saga prefecture).Tokushimaonly).The master station transmission station is in Tosu CityNine thousand mountainsIt is located in

However, it is adjacent near the prefectural borderFukuoka[26]-Kumamoto[27] It is the aim of the broadcasting area of ​​the prefectural television stations in the two prefectures. Areas where direct reception is difficult[Note 2] ForCable tv stationIn most areas of the prefecture, there is an environment where you can watch commercial broadcasters in Fukuoka Prefecture, including TV Nishinippon, which is the same Fuji TV affiliate as Saga TV. FNN / FNS affiliated stationsTV West JapanFukuoka Prefecture commercial broadcasters other than (TNC)[Note 3]Is conducting news coverage for Saga prefecture.

Start of digital terrestrial broadcastingAlso late, the last shot in the whole country2006 (18)May 12It was the start.Saga Prefecture took the lead in organizing businesses,Saga digital networkEstablished company. It will be responsible for distributing digital broadcasting to businesses in the prefecture, as well as providing Internet connection provider services. However, the redelivery of non-prefectural people is limited to Fukuoka prefecture,Kumamoto BroadcastingWith regard to the method, each business operator individually obtained permission.

Providing services within the prefecture (with permission facilities)Cable TVThere are 2021 operators as of July 7[28].. Main broadcasting stationsCable TV stations in Sagachecking ... Household penetration rate is 2021% as of the end of March 3[29].

Radio station

The parent station of FM broadcasting in the prefecture and the main relay station of FM complementary broadcasting of NBC Radio Saga are both in Karatsu City.Mt. Hachiman..There is also a relay station at Kusenbuyama.

Broadcast target areaoutsideRKB Radio[31]KBC Radio[32] It has become a broadcasting area of ​​radiko from December 2021, 12.[33][34].

Foreign language broadcastLove FM International Broadcast(LOVE FM) will be broadcast only in Saga City[35], Other areas in most prefectures are broadcast areas[36], Outside the broadcast areaFM Fukuoka[37],CROSS FM[38],FM Kumamoto[39],FM Nagasaki[40], Becomes the broadcasting area in some areas of the prefecture.

Both NBC Radio Saga and FM Saga, which are also prefectural stations, have been around for a long time.radikoSince LOVE FM, which does not distribute on NHK Radio and Saga City is the official broadcasting area, does not distribute basic services in the prefecture, the radiko implementation stations in the prefecture are NHK Radio and national broadcasting.Radio NIKKEIas well as the Open UniversityThe situation was only that, but since FM Saga started distributing radiko on April 2020, 4, it is now resolved.[Note 4].. On October 2021, 10, Nagasaki Broadcasting Co., Ltd. (NBC Radio Nagasaki Headquarters) expanded the distribution area of ​​radiko to Saga Prefecture, and from the same day, the program organization (regional programs, CMs, etc.) that was different between Nagasaki Headquarters and Saga Station was changed to Nagasaki. Major reorganizations such as integration and consolidation at the head office were carried out.

Other

Saga Prefecture is a regional division bureaupost officeIs the only prefecture that does not exist in the prefecture. Of postal code 84 (first 2 digits) that refers to the entire prefectureRegional division officeIn Fukuoka prefectureKurume Higashi Post OfficeIt has become.The number of earthquakes with a seismic intensity of 4 or higher is only 92 in 7 years, making it the prefecture with the fewest earthquakes in Japan.

Culture/Sport

Prefectural character

Generally in SagaPrefectural characterAs "(alien)" or "FukemonThe word "eccentric" is often used. Both have the nuances of being eccentric, stubborn and inflexible. However, in the modern Saga dialect, "Fukemon" has a strong negative meaning of being an idiot, so it does not fit well. Also, especially for menHagakure OfBushidoIt is also associated with the spirit, and it is sometimes regarded as serious and serious, with respect for hierarchical relationships and customs. In addition, there are cases where they are ridiculed or self-ridden, such as "Penpen grass grows after Saga's passage (Penpen grass does not grow after Saga people pass)", but under the severe financial conditions of the Saga domain Daimyo (Nabeshima familyThe thrifty temperament of the feudal lord, who was inherited from his thrift, was perceived in various ways, and the wording of those days remained in the modern era.

dialect

In the eastern part of the Saga domain-in the southSaga dialectWas spoken and was in the same domain as Nagasaki PrefectureIsahayaThere are many similar expressions in rural areas. In the northwestern prefecture of the Karatsu domain,Karatsu dialect,Tsushima domainIn Kiyama-cho, the eastern part of Tosu City, which is an enclaveTashiro dialectIs spoken.

Food culture:

local cuisine

Traditional crafts

Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
Traditional crafts

Traditional industries/special products

  • Tosu City OfMedicineindustry,Saga CityMorotomi Town OfFurnitureIndustry is an industry that has grown by incorporating traditional industries into the modern economy
  • Arita ware,Karatsu ware,,,,Hizen Yoshida wareThere is history in the westpotteryThere are many. But also in the eastHizen Ozaki ware,Shiraishi wareSuch traditional pottery has survived. Arita ware is a specialty product, local industry, and many other traditional industries.
  • Saga Nishiki(),Hizen VidroAre inherited as traditional crafts
  • On the Genkai Sea coastwhaling TheAzuchi-Momoyama PeriodBegins withEdo PeriodIt reached its peak in the middle period, but it has stopped since the modern age
  • Ariake SeaThe coast is the best in JapanSeaweedKnown as a production area, there are many luxury items for gifts.Similarly, mudhoppers, odontamblyopus, fiddler crabs, etc. caught in the Ariake Sea have been around for a long time.local cuisineIs eaten as.
  • Kanzaki City, Kanzaki Town, Ogi City, Ogi TownOgi YokanAre special products that have inherited traditional industries from ancient times.
    • There are several small and medium-sized manufacturers selling Ogi Yokan as a brand.Sweet bean jellyThe annual purchase amount of2005 (17), in 49 cities nationwide)
  • In addition to the above, as ingredients and confectionery peculiar toUreshino tea,Matsuro Manju,Round bowl,Incense,Keeran,Salbow,Cutieand so on
  • Red snapperの消費量が年間1人当たり3,082g(2008年)、2,833g(佐賀市、2008-2010年)、2,601g(佐賀市、2004-2006年)という統計があり、いずれも全国平均の3倍程度と突出して多い。西日本では総じて多い傾向にあるが、近年の統計では佐賀県は全国最多となっている。

Sports

Professional Sports Team/Adult Sports Team

サ ッ カ ー

volleyball

basketball

handball

soft ballMen's West Japan League

Kyushu Soccer League

Saga soul(Saga City/Adult baseball)


Sports teams that existed in the past

Sports Facilities

Public competition

Tourism

Karatsu City and Higashimatsuura DistrictRainbow Matsubara,Seven potsSea cave,Rias coast, Such as whale-like steeply protruding islands,Genkai Sea-Karatsu BayKnown as a natural scenic spot facing the sea,Sea bathing,surfing,diving such asMarine SportsAnd so on.KagamiyamaAnd hilly areas/coastal areasRice terracesIn addition to seeing natural scenic spots such as, it is built on a hill.Karatsu Castle,Nagoya CastleTrace (Museum) And other cultural assets have become tourist destinations. In early November it is one of Japan's three biggest kunchiKaratsu Kunchi(Karatsu City), (Yobuko Town, Karatsu City) will be held in early June,Yobuko Morning MarketIs also famous.

Imari BaySimilarly, at the mouth of the bayIroha IslandIt is also a beach with a characteristic rias coast. In late OctoberImari Ton Tenton FestivalIs done.Imari City, Arita Town, Takeo CityBlack hair mountainThe surrounding area is known for its strange rock formations, abundant plants, and various legends.In the area centered on Arita TownArita ware(Imari ware), mainly in the areas of Karatsu, Imari and TakeoKaratsu wareThere are many old pottery remains and existing pottery pottery, and there are many famous spots related to pottery. Kyushu Ceramic Museum,Arita Ceramic MuseumIn addition to cultural facilities such as Arita Porcelain Park,Golden weekToArita Pottery MarketIs opened and crowded with many customers.

Japan's three hot springs for beautiful skinIsUreshino Onsen(Ureshino City) OnsenSimmered tofu,Ureshino teaBut famousTakeo hot spring(Takeo City) has a national tower gate and Takeo Onsen New BuildingImportant cultural propertyHave been designated asHot spring townCrowded as.

On the other hand, Saga City, where the prefectural office is located, is located in a flat countryside, and is characterized by its intricate streets and waterway networks with the remnants of the castle town era.Edo-Meiji period buildings remainSaga City Folklore Museum,Saga CastleTraces andSaga Castle Honmaru History Museum,Saga Shrine,Reflection furnaceHistorical heritage such as traces are scattered. From late October to early NovemberSaga International Balloon FestaIs opened,hot air balloonIn addition to the sight of dancing, in AugustSaga Castle Sakae no Kuni MatsuriWill be held.

In the southern part of the prefectureAriake SeaThe landscape is very different from that of Genkai Sea and Imari Bay.Mutsugorou,Shiona tribeRare animals such asAutumn leavesIt can be seen that it changes like. Also in MayKashima Gatalympics(Kashima City) will be held.

North of the prefectureKitayama Dam(Mise Village, Saga City) is a summer resort,Acorn villageIt is maintained as a tourist spot.Kase RiverGoing downFuruyu Onsen,Kumanogawa Onsen(Both Fuji Town, Saga City),Kawakami GorgeSpots such as are scattered.

Yoshinogari archeological site(Yoshinogari Town/Kanzaki City) has been partially reconstructed as a state-run Yoshinogari Historical Park while continuing excavation.

Other

Castle ruins-Special historical site

Shrine

Main cultural and tourist facilities

Other

Tangible cultural property building

Important traditional buildings preservation area

Cultural property

UNESCOworld Heritage

Tangible cultural property

National treasure

Historic site

Special scenic spot

Scenic spot

Main natural monuments

Works set in Saga Prefecture

Movies (*There are locations in the prefecture)
Drama (* has location in the prefecture)
Novel
Comic
Game
Rakugo
Anime, special effects

People from Saga Prefecture

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Those who want to go to college of technology in the prefecture are mainlyKurume National College of Technology,Sasebo National College of TechnologyGo on to.
  2. ^ Especially Imari City, Takeo City, Ureshino City, etc. in the western part of the prefecture.
  3. ^ Kyushu Asahi Broadcasting(KBC.ANNseries),RKB Mainichi Broadcasting System(RKB.JNNseries),Fukuoka Broadcasting(FBS.NNN-NNSseries),TVQ Kyushu Broadcasting(TVQ / TeleQ.TXN4 stations of affiliated).
  4. ^ This was the only case in Japanese prefectures.

Source

  1. ^ Imperial ShoinPrefectural name recognition of elementary school students''Recognition of prefecture/country names for junior high school students], viewed on July 2012, 7.
  2. ^ For further information, please read Homepage of Saga Local Meteorological Observatory See.
  3. ^ Yoshitsugu Kanemoto "Urban Employment Area code table"Tokyo UniversitySpatial Information Science Research Center, viewed March 2018, 3.
  4. ^ Changes in prefectures (Kyushu region)
  5. ^ Saga Stage and Shin Saga Stage Agricultural and Rural Development Information Center
  6. ^ Kyoho Famine Hojuzan Dezenin
  7. ^ 16 Demographic Statistics-Saga-Table 1 Demographic Overview Annual Trend Saga Prefecture, March 2008, 3. excel file
  8. ^ Future total population by prefecture(excel file) National Institute of Population and Social Security Research, May 2007 estimate.
  9. ^ “=Governor election=Mr. Yamaguchi starts public service on the XNUMXth”. Saga newspaper (Saga Shimbun LIVE). (January 2015, 1). http://www.saga-s.co.jp/senkyo/governor/30301/144749 2015/1/13Browse. 
  10. ^ Unified Local Elections 2011 Saga Prefecture [Issue of Prefectural Government] <1> Ariake Sea Revitalization Polite discussion to open the gate Nishi Nippon Shimbun, March 2011, 3.
  11. ^ History of mid- to long-term gate opening survey Saga Prefecture, June 2012, 6.
  12. ^ Unified Local Election 2011 Saga Prefecture [Issue of Prefectural Government] <6> Measures for levitation of Saga Airport area are necessary Nishi Nippon Shimbun, March 2011, 3.
  13. ^ http://www.saga-chiji.jp/kaiken/06-11-1/shitsumon14.html
  14. ^ Genkai Nuclear Power Station Units 2 and 3 Regular Inspection Status Kyushu Electric Power, March 2011, 3.
  15. ^ Unified Local Elections 2011 Saga Prefecture [Issue of prefectural government] <2> Cancer treatment facilities Regional levitation strategy is also key Nishi Nippon Shimbun, March 2011, 3.
  16. ^ By adjusting the candidates following the revision of the constituencies, he went to the independent Kyushu block candidate and was elected at the last seat (8th) of the LDP.
  17. ^ a b "Sugata 2012 in Saga Land, weather, industry, commerce (PDF) Read Saga, May 2012, 5, January 16, 2013
  18. ^ "Showa 30 census industry (major categories), employee status and number of employees aged 15 and over by gender-nationwide, prefectures, 6 major cities»E-Stat, viewed January 2013, 1
  19. ^ "[1] (PDF) »Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, read January 2013, 1
  20. ^ "Changes in the number of employees by industry] Social facts data catalog, read January 2013, 1
  21. ^ "Saga's Sugata 2012 Agriculture (PDF) Read Saga, May 2012, 5, January 16, 2013
  22. ^ FY19 prefectural economic calculation Archived August 2010, 12, at the Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ World Economic Outlook Database
  24. ^ Our Business Saga Yoshinogari Solar GK.
  25. ^ Up to 66 passengers at Saga Airport updated for 16 consecutive years in FY 4 Saga Newspaper-April 2017, 04
  26. ^ Broadcast area guide (Kurume relay station, A-PAB)
  27. ^ Broadcast area guide (Kumamoto station, A-PAB)
  28. ^ List of cable TV in each prefecture Kyushu Bureau of Telecommunications, July 2021
  29. ^ Current state of cable TV Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, March 2021.
  30. ^ NHK Saga Broadcasting Station Reception Information
  31. ^ RKB Radio Timetable (April, May, June) (PDF)
  32. ^ Corporate Information (Kyushu Asahi Broadcasting)
  33. ^ Expand the radiko distribution area to [Saga]!
  34. ^ Disseminate disaster and disaster prevention information in Saga Prefecture!Radio broadcasting Internet distribution service "radiko" will start distribution in Saga Prefecture-Start on December 12-
  35. ^ Broadcasting popular basic plan The broadcasting target area of ​​the broadcasting station that carries out the foreign language broadcasting among the ultra-high frequency broadcasting that the general broadcasting company carries out according to the provisions of 2-2 (XNUMX)c (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications)
  36. ^ LOVE FM broadcasting area
  37. ^ Company Profile FM FUKUOKA
  38. ^ CROSS FM area map
  39. ^ FM Kumamoto service area
  40. ^ FM Nagasaki Company Profile

Related item

外部 リンク

Administration
Tourism
Predecessor:
Saga(1st stage)Izuhara Prefecture

Karatsu-Kashima Prefecture-Ogi prefecture-Hasuike Prefecture

Changes in administrative districts
1871 - 1876 (Imari prefecture → second Saga prefecture)
Next generation:
Mitan prefecture(Hizen country)

Nagasaki(Tsushima country)

Predecessor:
Part of Nagasaki Prefecture (East Hizen Country)
Changes in administrative districts
1883 - (3rd Saga Prefecture)
Next generation:
-----

 

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