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🏛 | "No obvious signs of improvement" The peak out of the new corona is still far away <Fukushima Prefecture, September XNUMXnd summary>


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"There are no clear signs of improvement." The peak out of the new corona is still far away <Fukushima Prefecture, September XNUMXnd summary>

 
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A new cluster has also occurred at the office and dormitory in Fukushima City.
 

Governor Uchibori of Fukushima Prefecture: "The government has issued a state of emergency to XNUMX prefectures to curb the spread of infection nationwide ... → Continue reading

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Fukushima

Fukushima(Fukushimashi) isFukushimaNakadoriLocated in the north ofCity.. Fukushima PrefecturePrefectural office locationAndCore cityIs specified in.

Overview

Edo PeriodThan before,Fukushima Castle(Sugizuma Castle, Daibutsu Castle)castle townAs a townscape.Fukushima DomainIn timesShogunate territory,Honda family(Tokugawa ShitennoTadakatsu HondaClan),Hotta family(Old ageAnd the lord changed, and in the middle of EdoTokugawa ShogunateHas a deep relationship withChongchang-style Itakura familyWill be governed. In present-day Fukushima prefectureFukushima Domain TheAizu DomainHad the next highest stone height[1].

Fukushima after the Meiji eraSilkworm species,Raw silk,fabricFlourishing as a distribution center forBank of JapanBranch ofHakodateFollowed byEast JapanSecond opened in (2th nationwide[2]) AndFukushima RacecourseHas also succeeded in attracting the Fukushima City and is supporting the economy of Fukushima City.

1990 eraToTohoku ShinkansenとYamagata ShinkansenWill branchFukushima Station,2020 eraToTohoku ExpresswayとTohoku Chuo ExpresswayThe foundation as a key point of transportation has been completed.

Primary industryIn terms of, it is the largest agricultural output in Fukushima prefecture, and boasts one of the highest yields in Japan.peachIncluding,市町村Boasting the highest production in Japanpearな どFruit treeIt has a synonym of "Fruit Kingdom" because it is actively cultivated.[3].

Tourismin terms of(I.e.There are many unique spots and uniqueHot spring townIt is also a land that holds multipleTohoku regionthe onlyJRAFukushima RacecourseIs locatedHorse racingHas a face as a city. Biggest in JapanWarajiOf the festivalNobuo Miyama(Waraji Festival) Is famous.

As a mountain attraction,National parkHas also been designatedJododairaFrom FukushimasymbolCan also be saidAzuma Kofuji OfBowl tour.. Close to the cityFukushima basinOverlookNobuoyama. AndCherry-blossom viewingIt is also a famous place of "in FukushimaTogenkyoIs also sungHanamiyama ParkIs mentioned.

Representative in Fukushima cityHot spring townThere are 3 places,Yamato TakeruRemains oldHistoryIs an old hot water that hasIizaka Onsen.. Highest concentration in JapanSulfur springKnown forTakayu Onsen.. Fukushima city representativeTraditional crafts OfKokeshiFamous as the birthplaceTsuchiyu OnsenThere is.

ReiwaOnly in Fukushima City at the beginningHonorary citizenAndShowa periodTo manyMarch,Cheer song,school songDealt with作曲家IsYuji KosekiIt is also known as the birthplace of

Geography

Fukushima cityFukushimaLocated in the northeast ofLake InawashiroFrom northeast about 50kmIs located in.TokyoIt is about 260km north from. WestOu MountainsAnd the eastern sideAbukuma HighlandsThe main city area is the southwestern part of the Fukushima Basin and the surrounding mountains and hills. West from the cityAzuma mountain rangeTo the southwestAdatarayamaAsk. It is located at the lowest altitude in the Fukushima prefecture.

Old city areaNobuoThe whole area and the surrounding areaDate County, OldAdachi-gunThe range including a part ofFukushima basinSouthwest of and outsideMountain areaOccupy

Flow northAbukuma RiverThe Fukushima basin is formed around. The Suriage River, Matsukawa, and Arakawa, which originate from the Ou Mountains, are located in the western part of the city.FanWhile pouring into the pond, pour into the Abukuma River. Once that fanmulberryIt was used as a field, but nowFruit treeIt has been diverted to the garden. In the southeastern part of the basinHill(Monad knock)NobuoyamaIs holding. On the Ou Mountains sideKuriko Pass,Tsuchiyu PassItaya PassThere is a traffic difficulty like.

The highest point in the cityEast Mt. AzumayamaAt an altitude of 1,974mThe lowest point in the city is about 55m above sea level on Mukaisue.

位置

Fukushima Prefectural Office

East longitude: 140 degrees 28 minutes 11 seconds, north latitude: 37 degrees 44 minutes 52 seconds, altitude: 67.88 meters

Fukushima City Hall

East longitude: 140 degrees 28 minutes 26 seconds, north latitude: 37 degrees 45 minutes 39 seconds, altitude: 65.68 meters
Adjacent municipalities

Mountain

River

* In Fukushima CityArakawaHas been certified as "the river with the best water quality" and boasts the highest water quality in Japan for eight consecutive years. (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism(From the 2020 water quality survey results)

Lake

climate

Fukushima citySea of ​​JapanSide andThe Pacific OceanThe climate is in the middle of the side, and the temperature difference between summer and winter is large.basinIt shows the characteristics of a unique inland climate.

  • summer

When it is covered by the high pressure of the Pacific Ocean and becomes a summer type atmospheric pressure arrangement,Fukushima basinThen it became a sunny day with a weak wind,Fern phenomenonAlso combinedExtremely hot dayIt may also record the highest in Japan of the day, such as recording.

The maximum temperature (extreme value) in Fukushima was 1942 ° C on August 8, 15.

Pacific highThunderstorms may occur when warm and humid currents flow in from the south.Utsunomiya CityCompared to North Kanto, there are few.

on the other hand,Okhotsk Sea HighIf it overhangs, it will become cold due to the moist cold air in the northeast, and fog and rain may continue to fall and the lack of solar radiation may continue.

  • winter

The northwest monsoon called Azuma Oroshi blows in the city, but the weather is fine but the weather is often snowy. If the winter type pressure distribution is strengthened,Yonezawa,Kuriko PassA snow cloud flows straight in from there and brings about 10 to 30 cm of snow in the city center.

The central part of Fukushima city has low altitude, cloudy weather, and strong winds for the Nakadori plain.Radiation coolingIs not so strong,Koriyama,ShirakawaThe temperature is higher than that of, but in terms of snowfall, it is an area with more middle streets than Koriyama and Shirakawa.

In particularTohoku ExpresswayIn the northern and western parts of the west side, the difference in snowfall from the central part is large, and the average annual snowfall in Moiwa in the northern part of Iizaka-cho is 393 cm. The value of is recorded.

For this reason, most of Fukushima City except the southMinistry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismStipulated byHeavy snowfallHowever, the amount of snow in the center of the city is heavy if it is 30 cm, and not so much.

  • Annual snowfall average (Meteorological Agency)
    • Iizaka-cho Moiwa 393cm
    • Fukushima 189 cm
    • Shirakawa 161 cm
  • January precipitation (Japan Meteorological Agency)
    • Moiwa, Iizaka-cho 100.9 mm
    • Fukushima 49.4mm
    • Koriyama 37.4mm
    • Shirakawa 38.9mm


  • Sakura Front

The altitude of the center of Fukushima City is 67m, which is lower than that of Nihonmatsu, Koriyama, and Shirakawa, so it is said that the cherry blossom front goes from north to south in the plains of Nakadori.But in reality, Fukushima CityFanTherefore, the altitude becomes higher as you go to the suburbs, there are areas with an altitude of 200 m in the plains of the suburbs, and even the altitude is 1,700 m in the high mountains, the cherry blossom front is complicated in the same city, You can enjoy cherry blossom viewing in the Fukushima city from lowlands to highlands for over a month.

Extreme value (Fukushima Local Meteorological ObservatoryObservation)
要素Observed valueObservation dateRemarks
(I.e.39.1 ℃1942 (Showa17 years)May 8
(I.e.-18.5 ℃1891 (Meiji24 years)May 2
Maximum wind speed22.9m / s1959 (Showa34 years)May 4
Maximum instantaneous wind speed32.2m / s1979 (Showa54 years)May 3
Daily precipitation261 mm1986 (Showa61 years)May 88.5 flood damage
Deepest snow80cm1936 (Showa11 years)May 2
Fukushima Local Meteorological Observatory(Matsugi Town, Fukushima City)
140 degrees 28.2 minutes east longitude, 37 degrees 45.5 minutes north latitude, 67 meters above sea level
Climate of Matsuki-cho, Fukushima City (Fukushima Local Meteorological Observatory, altitude 67m)
Month123456789101112Years
Highest temperature record ° C (° F)18.1
(64.6)
21.4
(70.5)
25.2
(77.4)
32.2
(90)
35.3
(95.5)
36.7
(98.1)
39.0
(102.2)
39.1
(102.4)
37.3
(99.1)
30.3
(86.5)
26.0
(78.8)
22.4
(72.3)
39.1
(102.4)
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F)5.8
(42.4)
7.1
(44.8)
11.2
(52.2)
17.7
(63.9)
23.1
(73.6)
25.9
(78.6)
29.1
(84.4)
30.5
(86.9)
26.2
(79.2)
20.5
(68.9)
14.5
(58.1)
8.6
(47.5)
18.3
(64.9)
Average daily temperature ° C (° F)1.9
(35.4)
2.5
(36.5)
5.9
(42.6)
11.7
(53.1)
17.2
(63)
20.7
(69.3)
24.3
(75.7)
25.5
(77.9)
21.6
(70.9)
15.6
(60.1)
9.5
(49.1)
4.3
(39.7)
13.4
(56.1)
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F)−1.5
(29.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
1.3
(34.3)
6.4
(43.5)
12.1
(53.8)
16.6
(61.9)
20.8
(69.4)
21.9
(71.4)
18.0
(64.4)
11.7
(53.1)
5.2
(41.4)
0.7
(33.3)
9.3
(48.7)
Minimum temperature record ° C (° F)−15.0
(5)
−18.5
(-1.3)
−12.9
(8.8)
−5.5
(22.1)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.8
(38.8)
9.1
(48.4)
9.8
(49.6)
4.8
(40.6)
−1.7
(28.9)
−6.6
(20.1)
−13.5
(7.7)
−18.5
(-1.3)
Precipitation amount mm (inch)56.2
(2.213)
41.1
(1.618)
75.7
(2.98)
81.8
(3.22)
88.5
(3.484)
121.2
(4.772)
177.7
(6.996)
151.3
(5.957)
167.6
(6.598)
138.7
(5.461)
58.4
(2.299)
48.9
(1.925)
1,207
(47.52)
Snowfall cm (inch)49
(19.3)
34
(13.4)
14
(5.5)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
24
(9.4)
122
(48)
Average days of precipitation (≥0.5 mm)10.68.69.28.29.711.915.212.412.09.77.710.8126.0
Average number of snowfall days25.421.315.92.80.00.00.00.00.00.03.318.387.0
(I.e.68656158637277767673707069
Average monthlyDaylight hours132.2144.8175.1189.7193.2141.4125.2148.7122.9133.7128.3118.71,753.8
Source:Japanese Meteorological Agency (Average value: 1991-2020, extreme value: 1889-present)[4][5]


Moiwa Observatory (Fukushima CityMoiwa, Iizaka TownCharacter slide path)
140 degrees 26.2 minutes east longitude, 37 degrees 53.5 minutes north latitude, 200 meters above sea level
Moiwa (1992-2010) Climate
Month123456789101112Years
Highest temperature record ° C (° F)12.8
(55)
18.2
(64.8)
22.1
(71.8)
29.8
(85.6)
32.3
(90.1)
32.7
(90.9)
35.3
(95.5)
36.3
(97.3)
34.1
(93.4)
26.9
(80.4)
24.8
(76.6)
18.3
(64.9)
36.3
(97.3)
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F)3.8
(38.8)
4.7
(40.5)
8.4
(47.1)
15.3
(59.5)
20.7
(69.3)
23.9
(75)
27.0
(80.6)
28.4
(83.1)
24.2
(75.6)
18.7
(65.7)
12.8
(55)
6.8
(44.2)
16.2
(61.2)
Average daily temperature ° C (° F)0.1
(32.2)
0.5
(32.9)
3.2
(37.8)
9.2
(48.6)
14.5
(58.1)
18.4
(65.1)
22.0
(71.6)
23.1
(73.6)
19.2
(66.6)
13.2
(55.8)
7.2
(45)
2.5
(36.5)
11.1
(52)
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F)−3.4
(25.9)
−3.3
(26.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
3.4
(38.1)
8.6
(47.5)
13.8
(56.8)
18.2
(64.8)
19.3
(66.7)
15.3
(59.5)
8.7
(47.7)
2.4
(36.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
6.7
(44.1)
Minimum temperature record ° C (° F)−12.5
(9.5)
−11.2
(11.8)
−8.6
(16.5)
−3.1
(26.4)
0.5
(32.9)
4.1
(39.4)
10.3
(50.5)
12.0
(53.6)
4.9
(40.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
−4.2
(24.4)
−8.3
(17.1)
−12.5
(9.5)
Precipitation amount mm (inch)100.9
(3.972)
63.3
(2.492)
82.2
(3.236)
84.5
(3.327)
97.6
(3.843)
127.6
(5.024)
186.3
(7.335)
175.9
(6.925)
160.9
(6.335)
115.3
(4.539)
91.9
(3.618)
95.9
(3.776)
1,384.9
(54.524)
Snowfall cm (inch)156
(61.4)
116
(45.7)
43
(16.9)
5
(2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(1.2)
69
(27.2)
393
(154.7)
Average days of precipitation (≥1.0 mm)15.612.412.610.410.212.614.412.012.210.412.214.9149.9
Average number of snowfall days (≥5 cm)21.919.85.30.20.00.00.00.00.00.00.36.954.4
Average monthlyDaylight hours82.099.3136.3157.3167.0135.1124.5136.9105.6116.597.679.01,439.4
Source 1:Japanese Meteorological Agency
Source 2:Yearly value
Washikura Observatory (Washikurayama National Forest, Tsuchiyu Onsen Town, Fukushima City)
140 degrees 15.6 minutes east longitude, 37 degrees 40.1 minutes north latitude, 1220 meters above sea level
Climate of Washikura (1981-2010)
Month123456789101112Years
Highest temperature record ° C (° F)6.8
(44.2)
11.8
(53.2)
12.1
(53.8)
20.6
(69.1)
26.5
(79.7)
27.6
(81.7)
27.3
(81.1)
27.4
(81.3)
26.4
(79.5)
24.6
(76.3)
17.0
(62.6)
12.4
(54.3)
27.6
(81.7)
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F)−3.9
(25)
−3.5
(25.7)
0.2
(32.4)
7.3
(45.1)
13.5
(56.3)
16.9
(62.4)
20.1
(68.2)
21.7
(71.1)
17.1
(62.8)
11.4
(52.5)
5.2
(41.4)
−0.6
(30.9)
8.7
(47.7)
Average daily temperature ° C (° F)−6.4
(20.5)
−6.3
(20.7)
−3.1
(26.4)
3.5
(38.3)
9.3
(48.7)
13.3
(55.9)
17.0
(62.6)
18.3
(64.9)
14.0
(57.2)
8.0
(46.4)
2.1
(35.8)
−3.2
(26.2)
5.5
(41.9)
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F)−9.0
(15.8)
−9.2
(15.4)
−6.4
(20.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
5.5
(41.9)
10.4
(50.7)
14.5
(58.1)
15.8
(60.4)
11.5
(52.7)
5.2
(41.4)
−0.7
(30.7)
−5.8
(21.6)
2.6
(36.7)
Minimum temperature record ° C (° F)−16.4
(2.5)
−20.3
(-4.5)
−13.0
(8.6)
−10.7
(12.7)
−3.4
(25.9)
1.6
(34.9)
5.8
(42.4)
8.5
(47.3)
0.4
(32.7)
−3.9
(25)
−10.3
(13.5)
−14.6
(5.7)
−20.3
(-4.5)
Precipitation amount mm (inch)————159.9
(6.295)
225.0
(8.858)
296.3
(11.665)
332.2
(13.079)
290.7
(11.445)
224.8
(8.85)
———
Average days of precipitation (≥1.0 mm)————12.814.717.714.315.814.0———
Average monthlyDaylight hours40.462.1105.6156.8166.8128.2107.9125.286.087.963.639.31,166.5
Source 1:Japanese Meteorological Agency
Source 2:Yearly value

population

Demography07201.svg
Fukushima City and Population Distribution by Age in Japan (2005)Fukushima City Age Distribution by Gender (2005)
■Purple-Fukushima
■Green-All over Japan
■Blue-male
■Red-female

Changes in Fukushima City's (equivalent area) population
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan


Region

Mainly divided into 17 areas, with the exception of the central area under the direct control of the central government office, there is one branch office in each area. The town name and number of large letters in Fukushima City is 1[6].

  • House displayIs implemented only in the central area and the Horai area[7].
  • In Fukushima City, there are no existing place names with "large letters" written in them, and all "large letters" are omitted.

Town/Character list

History

Origin of place name

Ancient timesIs a typical place name in the Fukushima city area called Minekoshi.NobuoyamaWas also called Minakoshiyama.Nara period OfRitual systemThen on each roadOfficials (I.e.To transferstationWas installed,HigashisendoThe station name around Fukushima is from the southAdachi(CurrentMotomiya) → Yuhi (current: current)NihonmatsuOil well) → Yuetsu →Date(CurrentDate CountyKuwaori Town) → Atsushi (Atsushi: Current Miyagi Prefecture)Shiroishi), has become. However,Matsukawa(The flow path at that time is south of Mt. Nobuo)Surikagami RiverIt is south of Matsukawa, and south of Matsukawa was Sugizuma even at that time, so it is probable that the station was located near Kita-gorouchi, which is north of the current Fukushima Prefectural Office area. After that, the construction of Sugizuma Daibutsu,中 世becomeSugizuma Castle(Great Buddha Castle, later Fukushima Castle) andOmori CastleThere is a castle construction, graduallyPoliticsIt is considered that the name of the place, which is the historical center and represents the region, has moved from Yuetsu to Sugizuma.

Regarding the current place name of Fukushima,Azuchi-Momoyama PeriodNobuo and DateGamo UjisatoWhen ruled, he was the owner of Fukushima Castle under Gamo Ujisato or under Gamo UjisatoKimura KiyoshiBut until thenSugizumaThe theory that Fukushima, which seems to be auspicious, has been renamed. In addition, in this era,Toyotomi AdministrationDue toReformAre one after another, the currentFukushimaAnd its neighborhood (MiyagiSouth,YamagataIn the south), the place names have been changed in various places, and the place names remain as they are today.

事件

History

Prehistory

The Fukushima basin is 20 years oldPleistoceneIt is a sedimentary basin that was created by the southern subsidence movement that has continued intermittently until the middle of the present day.

As the footsteps of humanity in the Fukushima city area today, stone-making stone tools, which are believed to have been made about 3 years ago, have been excavated from the Hirabayashi site, and stone tools have been excavated from various parts of the city. Many excavations have been found from the archaeological site, and it is considered to be the site for making stone-making stone tools.

The oldest Jomon pottery excavated in Fukushima City is of the fine ridge line pottery excavated from the Minamisuwabara site and the Sendai Uchizen site.Claw-shaped earthenwareAnd both are said to be from 1 to 2,000 years ago. Late JomonMiyahata RuinsTraces of planned unevenness have been confirmed from the area, and you can see the state of food and hunting.

In Fukushima City, traces of paddy fields have been discovered in the Katsuguchi Maehata Site, which is a site from the Yayoi period, and it has been confirmed that rice was grown in a wide area in the city. A magatama produced on the Korean Peninsula has been excavated from the Kachiguchi Maehata site, and it seems that wide-ranging exchanges were taking place. From the end of the 1th century to the beginning of the 6th century from the head sword sword excavated from the "Tsukinowayama No. 7 Tomb"Yamato Imperial CourtIt is believed that it was under the control of the Abukuma River at the beginning of the 7th century, and the characteristic characteristic of the front burial mound under the control of the Yamato Court was built along the Abukuma River.

Ancient times

  • 718 (YoroTwo years later, with the expansion of the Yamato Imperial Court's sphere of influence, Mutsukuni moved northward and expanded to the current Miyagi prefecture area, so the present Fukushima prefecture area was temporarily separated from New Mutsu Province (almost present Miyagi prefecture). handIshiwaki Country(Almost current Hamadori, Fukushima Prefecture)Ishiho Country(Nearly present Fukushima Prefecture Nakadori and Aizu).
  • 724 (TurtleIn the first year), only the new Mutsu country divided up was lacking in economic power to support Ezo defense, so Ishiguni and Ishigoku were merged again and returned to the original Mutsu.
  • When the Dokoku-gun system was established under the ritual system, initially it was almost the same area as Fukushima City today,Date CityThe regions ofNobuoIt was (Shinobugun) (Nobuo was also written as Shinobu in ancient times). However, in the first half of the 10th century, Date County was divided from Nobuo County. At the time, because of the need to develop a tax-controlled taxation system, the courts divided the counties and forced the movement of residents nationwide in order to make the population of each county uniform. Especially from the view of the court, it was a settlementMutsuThen, such reorganization was popular. In this division, among the old Nobuo-gun, Ogura-go, Aki-go, Minekoshi-go, and Watari-go become Shin-nobu-go, Date-go and Shizuribe-go. And the three towns of Hosango became new Date County.
    • Kogura is the area south of the Omori River and west of the Abukuma River-present-day Omori, Hirata, Matsukawa, Suwon, Arai, Doyu, Kanazawa, Sekiya, Asakawa, Shimokawasaki, etc.
    • Aki (Aki) township is a region surrounded by Matsukawa (now the Furukawa Channel), Abukuma River, and Omori River.Soneda,Koshihama(Koshihama),Fifty sides(Igarabe),Koyama Arai, Sugizuma, Yoshiida, Niwazaka, Nizuka, Noda, Suwon, Sakura, etc.
    • Minekoshi-go is an area surrounded by Matsukawa (present-day Furukawa Channel), Abukuma River, and Surikami River, and today's Shimizu, Kamata, Senoe, and Amarume. , Osasai, Sasaya, Iizaka, Nakano etc.
    • Watari-go is the eastern bank of the Abukuma River, and is today's Tomari, Kogura-ji, Okajima, Okabe, Yamaguchi, Onami, Shimo-Oguni, and Kami-Oguni.
      • The current Mt. Nobuo was called Mt. Minatoshi at that time, and the name of the post at the foot of the mountain (now known as Fukushima City's lucky charm) was Minatoshi.
  • Heian periodEarly-It is said that around this time, the wooden Senju Kanzeon Bodhisattva statue of Ozoji was built.
  • Heian periodSecond half-almost all of the Tohoku regionOshu FujiwaraBecame a sphere of influence.

中 世

Early modern times (Edo period)

Modern (prewar)

Hyundai (postwar)

Hyundai (2000s)

Image list

Fukushima until the transition to the municipal system

Shows the town area when the former Fukushima Village and Fukushima Town were established. For the areas that were later transferred to Fukushima Town and Fukushima City, refer to the pages of each village before transfer.

Around Fukushima Prefectural Office (Fukushima Castle Town) And Fukushima station east and west neighborhood areas,ArakawaIt is a town that covers the upstream area of ​​the area (at that time: Sugawa), and is the area that constitutes the present downtown area of ​​Fukushima City. As a characteristic of the town name, of course, there are 7 castle towns in Fukushima that have been long since the Edo period,ModernThere are many town names derived from the old letters.

情报

Fukushima Town Office
Adjacent municipality
River
Train
道路
Population (unit: people)
YearsPopulation (people)Number of units (units)
1703 4,261--
1746 3,726--
1788 3,360--
1873 5,813--
1904 30,0635,064
2018 290,708122,966

(Authority "Fukushima Prefecture History")

範 囲

Old town name

  • Yanagimachi, Aramachi, Nakamachi, Honmachi, Omachi, Kamimachi, Kitamachi, Toyotamachi,Sugizuma Town, Mikura Town, May Town,Waseda Town, The whole area of ​​Sugawa Town (the whole area is former Fukushima Town)
  • Funaba Town,Seimei Town,Sakaemachi, Okitama Town, Shinmachi Town, Yaken Town Town, Ota Town Town, and Mikanan Town Town (former Fukushima Town occupies most of the rest, surrounding villages)
  • Jinba-cho, Manse-cho, Miya-cho, Mikawakita-cho, and each part of Noda-cho XNUMX-chome (former Fukushima-cho is only part, the majority is the former Fukushima-cho's surrounding villages)

Former Fukushima Castle Town

  • Yanagimachi, Aramachi, Nakamachi, Honmachi, Omachi, Kamimachi, Kitamachi, Toyotamachi

Many times during the Fukushima-cho periodCharacter nameAlthough it has been changed,Edo PeriodThe feature is that the area is hardly changed. It is still eight towns that are still the core of the central area of ​​Fukushima City, the prefecture's capital. Edo PeriodToOshu KaidoSince it has existed for a long time as 7 towns along the road, it is called Fukushima Castle 7 Town, Fukushima Main Street 7 Town, Fukushima Dori Town, etc. (It was one town in Omachi and Uemachi)

Change of town name
EdoinitialUniversity townBlacksmith townAramachiNakamachiHonchoKamimachiKitamachiMinami Town(I.e.
Edo in generalYanagimachiAramachiNakamachiHonchoKamimachiHonan TownBakuro Town
MeijiinitialYanagimachiAra TownNakamachiHonchoKamimachiMiyamoto TownKita TownToyota Town
1873 Or laterXNUMXst Street-XNUMXth Street
1876 Or laterToichi XNUMX-chome-Totsu XNUMX-chome
1899 AroundHondori Yanagicho XNUMX-chome
Hondori Yanagicho XNUMX-chome
Hondori Aramachi XNUMX-chome
Hondori Aramachi XNUMX-chome
Hondori Nakamachi XNUMX-chome
Hondori Nakamachi XNUMX-chome
Hondori Honmachi XNUMX-chome
Hondori Honmachi XNUMX-chome
Hondori Omachi XNUMX-chome
Hondori Omachi XNUMX-chome
Hondori Kamimachi XNUMX-chome
Hondori Kamimachi XNUMX-chome
Hondori Kitamachi XNUMX-chome
Hondori Kitamachi XNUMX-chome
Hondori Toyota-cho XNUMX-chome
Hondori Toyotacho XNUMX-chome
1900 eraUnclear
Current(House display)
YanagimachiAramachiNakamachiHonchoOmachiKamimachiKitamachiToyota Town

*The above ages are approximate.

Municipal

Mayor

Interchange city

Image character

1996 (8)4Yuru Chara was born in Fukushima by public recruitment1996 11Was named. It is also used as a mascot for city facilities. The Fukushima City Convention and Tourism Association still holds the copyright for Momorin.

Changes in administrative areas (after the enforcement of the municipal system)

Successive mayors

(+ sign died while in office)

代NameInauguration dateRetirement date
FirstTetsuzo Ninomiya1907 (40th year of Meiji)May 71925 (Taisho 14)May 8
2Zensuke Kosugi1925 (Taisho 14)May 91929 (4) April
3Satozawa1929 (4) April1945 (20)May 3
4Narumoto1945 (20)May 41947 (22)May 2
5Motoharu Sato1947 (22)May 41955 (30) April
6Hayashidani1955 (30) April1959 (34) April
7Minoru Sato1959 (34)May 51971 (46) April
8Tatsuya Sato1971 (46)May 51979 (54)May 4
9Kawarada Minoru1979 (54)May 51985 (60)May 10+
Duty agentAkira Ono[Note 2]1985 (60)May 101985 (60)May 12
10Shuichi Yoshida1985 (60)May 122001 (13)May 12
11Takanori Seto2001 (13)May 122013 (25)May 12
12Kobayashi incense2013 (25)May 122017 (29)May 12
13Hiroshi Kobata2017 (29)May 12

City council

  • Constant number: 35 people
  • Term: March 2019, 8-March 1, 2023
  • Chair: Masanori Umezu (Fukushima citizen 21)
  • Vice-chairman: Takeshi Ogata (Maiyuki no Kai)
Constitutional composition

As of July 2019

Parliamentary nameNumber of seatsPresident
Shinkai no Kai9Suzuki Masami
Shinseikai9Masanori Hanzawa
Fukushima citizen 216Takagi
KomeitoFukushima City Council4Zenji Goto
Japan Communist PartyFukushima City Council4Kuniko Murayama
Social Democratic Party・Government Union3Fusao Haneda

Wide area administration

  • Fukushima Regional Administrative Office-Date City, Date County and Motoichi consists of 6 municipalities. We have established the Fukushima Base Town Development Council jointly with the Adachi Regional Wide Area Administrative Association to promote interregional exchanges, human resource development, and cultural and cultural activities.

Scandal

Welfare illegal reduction case
In January 2018, the Fukushima District Court found that the scholarship was mistaken as income for the welfare households for whom the city received a scholarship in 1, and the illegality was reduced to 2014. Approved yen compensation[12].

National/prefectural government

National administrative agency

National Police Agency
Reconstruction Agency
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
Ministry of Justice
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare
Ministry of Agriculture
Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
Ministry of the Environment
Ministry of Defense

Judiciary

Independent administrative agencies, special corporations, etc.

Independent administrative agency
Special corporation

Prefecture agency

House of Representatives

Election resultsFukushima Prefecture 1nd WardSee section.

Representative nameParty nameNumber of winsRemarks
Emi KanekoConstitutional Democratic Party2Constituency
Kameoka Great PeopleLDP4Proportional revival

Fukushima Prefectural Assembly

  • Constant number: 8 people
  • Election District: Fukushima City Election District
  • Term: March 2019, 11-March 20, 2023
Representative nameParliamentary nameNumber of winsRemarks
Naoshi NishiyamaLDPFukushima Prefectural Assembly4
Miyamoto ShizueJapan Communist PartyFukushima Prefectural Assembly3
Tatsuya ItoKomeitoFukushima Prefectural Assembly 2
Konno ChoninFukushima prefectural assembly2Party membershipSocial Democrats
Masahiro SatoLiberal Democratic Party Fukushima Prefectural Assembly3
Hideki TakahashiFukushima prefectural assembly4Party membershipConstitutional Democratic Party
Tetsuya WatanabeLiberal Democratic Party Fukushima Prefectural Assembly1
Hideki ObaFukushima prefectural assembly2Party membershipNational Democratic Party

Tourism

Scenic spot

Sightseeing spot

Historic site

Shrines and temples

Spa

Iizaka Onsen Village
Takayu Onsen Village
Tsuchiyu Onsen Village
Independent

Leisure facilities

Festival

  • Nobuo Miyama - May 2-11 daysHeld in. A festival dedicated to Japan's No. XNUMX Waraj.
  • Iizaka Kenka Festival -Held on Friday, Saturday and Sunday in the first week of October.Japan's three biggest fight festivalsOne of the.
  • Fukushima Inari ShrineRegular festivalMountain float -Mainly held on the second Sunday of October and three consecutive days before and after. As for the floats, both inside and outside Inari ShrineFloatThere is participation.
  • Large wave three lion dance-held in early October
  • Okayama Water Festival-A strange festival of prefecture-designated important intangible folk cultural properties, held on the 10th Sunday of October

Special event

  • Fukushima float festival-Mainly the first Saturday of June. In addition to the floats in Fukushima city,Nihonmatsu,DateFloats in areas etc.) will also participate. Fukushima in 2015Destination campaign OfHanamiyamaTailored to touristsMay 4Held in. Originally it was an event commemorating the 100th anniversary of the city system.
  • Fukushima Waraji Festival -Held in early August. Japan's No. 8 Waraji event around the city.
  • Fukushima Touro Nagashi Fireworks Festival-Every yearMay 8Held in. Representing Fukushima city centerFireworks displayとTōrō nagashi.
  • Fukushima Fireworks Festival-basically held on the last Saturday of July, but if that day is during the Fukushima Horse Racing Summer period, it will be the first Saturday after the end of the Fukushima Horse Racing Summer due to the consideration that the race horse will not be surprised by the sound of fireworks .. (7May 8Held on Saturday)

Sports competition

Special product

  • Peach -Annual production amount of 13700t (FY14), one of the nation's leading production amount, a specialty product representing Fukushima city.
  • Pear - 1st place in JapanOne of Fukushima City's representative specialty products, which boasts a large production volume.
  • Kokeshi (earth bath) - One of the birthplaces of kokeshi.. On behalf of FukushimaLocal toys.
  • Radium egg - Iizaka OnsenMade withHot spring eggFirst time in JapanradiumNamed after the existence of was confirmed. It does not contain radium.
  • frozen tofu -Made in the Tachikoyama area.
  • Misoban -Komadaya is the original store of Misoban.
  • Wheat cracker -The ones from Taiyo-do, which are said to be sweets originating from Fukushima City, are famous.
  • Gyoza - A frying panThe characteristic is that it is baked in a disk shape. Many shops are open at night.
  • Nobuo Yuzu - Edo PeriodIt has been cultivated since the mid-season and has long been known as the "northern citron". In recent yearsGlobal warmingUnder the influence ofAkitaas well as the IwateThe vicinity is the northern limit.
  • Sake -Fukushima City's only breweryGold crystal breweryIs known for its sake.

Economy

2004 With commercial statistics fixed value,retailThe annual sales amount of is 3331 billion yen.

Agriculture, forestry and fisheries

It boasts the largest agricultural output in Fukushima Prefecture.The specialty products that represent Fukushima City arepeachとpear.

peachIs one of the largest production in Japan,pear TheMunicipalityAnotherJapanThe Fukushima variety “Kayaba Pear” produced here is proud ofSpecialtyAre listed in.

Industrial

2004 The amount of manufactured goods shipped is 6164 billion yen.

Commercial

In the Edo periodsericultureProsper in business, not only in Fukushima Prefecture but also from southern Miyagi PrefectureRaw silkIt was a collection and distribution center for merchandise. In the Meiji periodSilk industryAroundIndustrialcapitalGrew up and became the first in the Tohoku regionBank of JapanBranch office was established. From Honmachi to OmachiOshu Kaido(Brick street) Along with the BOJ branchLocal bank-Securities companyFinancial institutions such as branches of Fukushima, or branches that have jurisdiction over the entire Fukushima prefecture are concentrated, and are a center of business functions in Fukushima prefecture. Commuting/School area, orretailIt extends to neighboring local governments as a trade areaFukushima metropolitan areaAre formed.

Fukushima CityYamagata-MiyagiAdjacent to both prefectures, and because of its location and convenient transportation,Exchange populationIntended for increase and economic activity. For example, in the cityJRAFukushima RacecourseAs a result, there will also be a direct highway bus from Miyagi Prefecture on the day of the event. In addition, for tourists visiting from Miyagi prefecture, the fast "Fukushima Hanamiyama"Fukushima StationThere is a one-way trip between Sendai Station on Saturdays and Sundays.

Main companies with head office/head office

Japan Post Office

Deposit handling financial institutions

Manufacturing plant

Media

Newspaper company
News agency
TV station
Radio stations
Cable TV

Transportation

Crossing north and south as a highway that connects to Fukushima in six directionsOshu KaidoAnd access to the northwestern Yamagata areaItaya PassViaItaya HighwayVia MoiwaHashu KaidoIs a turning point withNational Route 13Is the starting point ofNational Route 4Branch from. Besides that, in the southwestAizuHead towardsTsuchiyu PassViaTsuchiyu Highway, EasternSomaTowardSpirit mountain OfAt the footViaNakamura Highway, SoutheastKawamata-MinamisomaTo Namie viaKawamata Highwayand so on.

highwayAbout existingTohoku ExpresswayAnd new Fukushima PrefectureHamadoriVia Fukushima cityYamagataDirectly connectTohoku Chuo ExpresswayIs passing.

TrainThen,Fukushima Station Tohoku Main LineとOu Main Line(Yamagata Line), andTohoku ShinkansenとYamagata ShinkansenIt is a turning point.

History

Train

Fukushima StationThere are lines in the north-south, west, northwest, and northeast directions centering around.Passenger transportabout,East Japan Railway(JR East) is responsible for wide area communication, and private railways are responsible for regional transportation. PreviouslyAbukuma Express Line Tohoku Main LineIt used to go south of Fukushima Station, but it is now abolished and starts at Fukushima Station.For details of each line, refer to each item.

East Japan Railway(JR East)

(Tokyo/Omiya area- Fukushima Station -Sendai, Yamagata, Morioka, Shin-Aomori, Shin-Hakodate Hokuto)
Tokyo StationUp to 91 minutes,Sendai StationUp to 20 minutes,Yamagata StationIt connects up to 62 minutes. In the Tokyo area, the maximum number of commuter pass tickets is based on Tokyo Station standards, and in the Sendai area, commuting to work and school attending with Sendai Station is conspicuous.
All trains of "Yamabiko" and "Tsubasa" except for temporary trains will stop, and all trains will be merged and disassembled except for some trains.Fukushima Station has a background of being developed as the starting station of the Yamagata Shinkansen, and has one of the leading facilities on the Tohoku Shinkansen.
(Tokyo/Omiya area- Matsukawa Station - Kanayagawa Station - Minamifukushima Station - Fukushima Station - Higashifukushima Station -Towards Sendai)
In the morning and evening, there is a school/commuter train that returns to Fukushima Station at Matsukawa Station (mainlyFukushima UniversityTransport to Kanayagawa station, which is the nearest station). At midnight, an up train from Sendai runs to Matsukawa station. Up trainShin-Shirakawa Station, The down trainSendai StationGet on. In addition, Iwate Prefecture for a period of timeIchinoseki StationThere was also a direct train to.
(Fukushima Station - Sasagino Station - Nizaka Station -Yamagata area)
Although it is on the Yamagata line, the Fukushima station exit is specialized in regional transportation to Niwasaka station. The Yamagata Shinkansen is responsible for wide-area transportation to the Yonezawa and Yamagata areas, and there are times when the train is not operated for about 4 hours.

Fukushima Transportation

( Fukushima Station - Soneda Station - Museum Library Station - Iwashiro-Shimizu Station - Izumi Station - Agematsugawa Station - Sasaya Station - Sakuramizu Station - Hirano Station - Iioujimae Station - Hanamizaka Station - Iizaka Onsen Station) *All lines in the city
Iizaka OnsenA route that combines tourist transportation to and local transportation. There are more than one drive per hour, and four trains are driven per hour during the rush hour. The station building at Fukushima Station is separated from JR East and is used as Abukuma Express.

Abukuma Express

( Fukushima Station - Wholesale town station - Fukushima Gakuinmae Station - Segami Station - Mukaijo Station -Towards Tsutsuki)
Former JNR Specified Local Transportation LineMarumori LineThe one that took over. Local transport is the main, and some trains are available in the morning and evening.Sendai StationGet on. Until 2004Koriyama StationIt was abolished until it got in, but now there are many section trains.

Railway (discontinued)

bus

General route
Express Bus

道路

highway
Tourist road
National road
Fukushima Prefectural Road
Main common name of Fukushima City Road

For detailsStreet in Fukushima PrefecturePlease refer to.

  • Oshu Kaido -There are prefectural and national road sections
  • Prefectural office -There is a prefectural road section
  • Namiki Dori
  • Brick street -Part of Oshu Kaido
  • Autumn leaves mountain street -There is a prefectural road section, also known as Takayu Kaido (old road)
  • Tenjinbashi Street
  • Secret language bridge street-Also known as: Higashisho street
  • Teramachi-dori-also known as Nishi-dori
  • Minamibodori
  • Hokuso Dori
  • Jinba Dori -Also known as: Iizaka Kaido (old road)
  • Paseo street -Also called: Suzuran Street
  • Kawakanbashi Street
  • Omori Kaido-Prefectural road section available
  • Shinryo-dori-Prefectural road section, also known as: Mansei-oji (old road)
Road Station
Road original mark, rizo original mark
  • Fukushima city road standard: North side of the intersection in front of Fukushima Police Station (Oshu Kaido Brick Road, Prefectural Office Road intersection)
In other cities, there is a road marker for each old town.
  • Fukushima Minori: Restored in March 2018, unveiling ceremony held on March 3, 3.

aviation

Education

University

National university
Prefectural
private

Junior college

private

high school

Prefectural
private


Junior high school

National
City
private

primary school

National
City
private

Kindergarten

National
City
  • Fukushima Minami Kindergarten
  • Fukushima Higashi Kindergarten
  • Fukushima Nishi Kindergarten
  • Morii Kindergarten
  • Sugizuma Kindergarten
  • Watari Kindergarten
  • Okayama Kindergarten
  • Shimizu Kindergarten
  • Otori Kindergarten
  • Ozasa Kindergarten
  • Sasaya kindergarten
  • Nishine Kindergarten
  • Sakura kindergarten
  • Matukawa Nishi Kindergarten
  • Hirano Kindergarten
  • Matukawa Higashi Kindergarten
  • Kanayagawa Kindergarten
  • Hirata Kindergarten
  • Horai kindergarten
  • Kitazawa Mata Kindergarten
  • Nizuka Kindergarten
  • Iino Kindergarten

Special school

National
Prefectural
  • School for the blind
  • Deaf School Fukushima Branch
  • Osamu Support School
  • Sukagawa Support School Medical College
City
  • Fukushima School for the Disabled

Facility

Exercise facility
Cultural facility
Broadcast transmission facility

Cultural property

Nationally designated cultural property

36 (as of November 2015)[14]

Prefecture designated cultural property

26 (as of November 2015)[14]

City designated cultural property

48 (as of November 2015)[14]

Sports team

Soccer club team

works

Music
Drama
Anime
Folk tale
  • Oro cedar story
  • Anju and the King

Celebrity

From

政治家
musician
Cultural person
entertainer
announcer
athlete
scholar
Activist
Businessman
Historical figure

Celebrities associated with

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Fukushima is designed with 9 "fu" and 4 "ma".
  2. ^ The city's assistant at the time.

Source

Related item

外部 リンク

Administration
Tourism

 

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