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🏛 | House of Representatives election Fukushima party leader appeals for change of government Nagasaki, Sasebo street speech


Photo Fukushima leader = Sasebo Shimokyomachi seeking support for "let's change politics by changing the government"

A street speech in Nagasaki and Sasebo appealing for the change of the Fukushima party leader of the House of Representatives

 
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He criticized the non-participating governments and called for "sending (to the Diet) those who will work closely on the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in District 4."
 

Before the next House of Representatives election, the leader of the Social Democratic Party, Mizuho Fukushima, entered Nagasaki and Sasebo on the 1st. → Continue reading

 Nagasaki Shimbun

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Nuclear Weapons Convention

Nuclear Weapons Convention(Kakuheiki,English: Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons,TPNW) Isnuclear weaponsProhibitInternational treatyIs[3][2]..Abbreviations / common namesNuclear Ban Treaty,Nuclear ban treaty,Nuclear abolition treaty(English: Nuclear Weapons Ban Treaty[4][5][6], Nuclear Ban Treaty[7][8][9])Such.

2017/May 7ToUnited Nations General AssemblyAdopted by[10][11],2021/May 1Went into effect[12][13][14].

Overview

This treaty is the first international treaty to comprehensively ban nuclear weapons for the total abolition of nuclear weapons in the future.The target is a nuclear weaponNuclear power,RadiographyEquipment etc.Holding nuclear power for peaceful purposesIs not forbidden. In the preambleA-bomb survivorWith anxiety about the pain ofInternational humanitarian lawとInternational human rights lawPrinciple was reaffirmed regarding the abolition of nuclear weapons.A feature of this Convention is that the Contracting Parties that own, own, or control nuclear weapons or explosive devices must declare.It is not legally binding on non-concluding countries.

当条約は1996年4月に起草され、2017年7月に国連総会で賛成多数にて採択され、2020年10月に発効に必要な50か国の批准に達したため、2021年1月22日に発効した。

To promote the treaty, including its adoption by the United Nations General Assembly2007/Was formed independently from the International Conference on Physicians to Prevent Nuclear WarInternational Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons(ICAN) is said to have contributed significantly, and the organization2017/March 10Nobel Peace PrizeWas awarded.

History

1996/4, "Model Nuclear Weapons Covention," Model NWC, mNWC) Calls for the abolition of nuclear weaponsLawyer,scientist,disarmamentAn expert inDoctorAnd the following three international countries in which activists participate:NGOConsists ofconsortiumWas drafted by The purpose was to "verify the possibility of nuclear disarmament in line with legal, technical and political requirements."

  1. International Network of Engineers and Scientists Against Proliferation,INESAP(International network of technologists against diffusion)
  2. International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms,IALANA(International Association of Antinuclear Lawyers)
  3. International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War,IPPNW(International Conference on Prevention of Nuclear War Physicians)

1997/11, MNWC (UN Doc. A/C.1/52/7)Costa RicaBy the governmentUnited Nations Secretary-GeneralDelivered toUnited NationsWas distributed to member countries.

2007/4, MNWC has convened an NGO consortium through the Lawyers' Committee on Nuclear Policy (LCNP) in Costa Rica andMalaysiaAs a joint proposal of both governments,Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty(NPT) Revised version of "NWC" (UN Doc. A / 1) in the First Preparatory Committee for the 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons / 62) was submitted. The NWC prohibits the handling of nuclear weapons for the following items:

  1. Development
  2. Experiment
  3. Production
  4. Stockpiling
  5. Transfer
  6. Use
  7. Threat of use

2011/May 10 --On the 31st, the First Committee on Disarmament and International Security Issues adopted 52 resolutions at the UN General Assembly.Of these, a resolution calling for the start of negotiations on the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons submitted by Malaysia and others.[15]Was adopted in favor of 127 countries (6 more than last year).

2016/On October 10 (Japan time), at the United Nations General Assembly First Committee (Disarmament), a resolution called “Taking forward multilateral nuclear disarmament negotiations” (document A/C.28/ 1/L.71) was passed with 41 in favor, 123 against, and 38 abstentions.America,United Kingdom,France,Russia,JapanVoted against,north koreaIs for,ChugokuAbstained[16][17].

2017/7 votes in favor and 7 vote against (122 vote against) at the Nuclear Weapons Ban Treaty Negotiations Conference held at the United Nations Headquarters on July 1 Netherlands), 1 abstention (Singapore) Adopted by the majority[18][19][20].

Ratification has been carried out in each country since September 2017, 9, and reached the 20 countries required for entry into force on October 2020, 10.

Message

The original text of this treaty isUnited Nations official languageIsEnglish-French-Russian-Chinese-Spanish-Arabicso,United NationsOfficialWebsitePublished in[33]..Because Japan does not participateMinistry of Foreign AffairsOfficial翻 訳No, but the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is posting English text, a provisional translation, and the ideas of the Government of Japan.[3].

The Convention consists of a preamble and 20 articles.In the preamble, the inhumanity of nuclear weapons, the need for total abolition, security benefits, the achievement of a "world without nuclear weapons",International humanitarian law, Relevance to past resolutions, legal bans, peaceful use, importance of education, etc. are described as recognition of the signatory countries.

  • Catastrophic resulting from the use of any nuclear weaponInhumaneDeeply concerned about the ending
  • Nuclear weapons are the only way to ensure that they will not be used again in any case.Completely abolishedNeed to
  • The reduction of nuclear armament is ethically essential andFor national securityAnd contributes to both collective security benefits
  • The highest international public interestWorld without nuclear weaponsAchieve and maintain
  • The use of all nuclear weapons is a rule of international law applicable in the event of an armed conflict, especiallyInternational humanitarian lawContrary to the principles and rules of
  • First resolution of the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted on January 1946, 1[34]And recall subsequent resolutions calling for the abolition of nuclear weapons
  • Nuclear weaponsLegally bindingBanned in
  • Indiscriminately any provision of this ConventionPeaceful purposeMust not be construed as affecting the irreparable rights of States parties to the development of research, production and utilization of nuclear energy for
  • Peace and armament reduction in all aspectsEducationAnd the importance of raising awareness of the dangers and consequences of nuclear weapons for current and future generations
  • Article 1 Prohibition-Prohibition of development, experimentation, production, manufacture, acquisition, exclusive use, and storage of nuclear weapons and detonators by Contracting Parties
  • Article 2 Declaration-Obligation to declare the past and present situation from the Contracting Parties to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, and sending the contents of the declaration from the Secretary-General to all Contracting Parties
  • Article 3 Safeguards-- International Atomic Energy AgencyConcluding a safeguards agreement with
  • Article 4 Toward the total abolition of nuclear weapons --Verification of the abolition of nuclear weapons abolished countries, etc.
  • Article 5 Domestic Implementation-Measures to Meet Contracting Parties
  • Article 6 Assistance to Victims and Restoration of the Environment-Appropriate Assistance to Victims of Nuclear Weapons, Restoration of Contaminated Areas
  • Article 7 International Cooperation and Assistance-Cooperation and Mutual Assistance with Other Parties
  • Article 8 Meetings of the Parties-within one year after the entry into force, and every two years thereafter
  • Article 9 Costs-Cost sharing between Contracting Parties and Observers
  • Article 10 Amendment-Proposal for amendment by Contracting Parties, amendment procedure
  • Article 11 Dispute Resolution-Procedures for resolving disputes between Parties regarding the interpretation and operation of the Convention
  • Article 12 Universality-Recommendation of Contracting Parties to Non-Parties to participate in this Convention
  • Article 13 Signature-This Convention will be prominent from September 2017, 9
  • Article 14 Ratification, Acceptance, Approval, Membership-Necessity of Ratification / Acceptance / Approval by Signing States
  • Article 15 Effective-Effective 50 days after the 90th ratification
  • Article 16 Reservation-Prohibition of reservation for each clause
  • Article 17 Validity period and withdrawal-Validity period is indefinite, withdrawal is 12 months after notification
  • Article 18 Relationship with Another Agreement-As long as it is compatible with this Convention, it will not affect existing international agreements.
  • Article 19 Depositor-The depositary is the UN Secretary-General
  • Article 20 Orthodox text-Sentences in 6 languages

Signing country / ratifying country

Signatories and ratifying countries as of October 2022, 5[2].

Signing countrySignature dateRatification date (contract date)
Algerian flag ã‚¢ãƒ«ã‚¸ã‚§ãƒªã‚¢2017/9/20
Angola flag ã‚¢ãƒ³ã‚´ãƒ©2018/9/27
Antigua and Barbuda Flag ãƒ ブ ブ ダ ダ ダ2018/9/262019/11/25
Austrian flag Austria2017/9/202018/5/8
Bangladesh flag ãƒãƒ³ã‚°ãƒ©ãƒ‡ã‚·ãƒ¥2017/9/202019/9/26
Belize flag ãƒ™ãƒªãƒ¼ã‚º2020/2/62020/5/19
Benin flag (I.e.2018/9/262020/12/11
Bolivian flag Bolivia2018/4/162019/8/6
Botswana flag ãƒœãƒ„ワナ2019/9/262020/7/16
Brazilian flag Brazil2017/9/20
Brunei flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2018/9/26
Cape Verde flag ã‚«ãƒ¼ãƒœãƒ™ãƒ«ãƒ‡2017/9/20
Cambodia flag Cambodia2019/1/92021/1/22
Central African Republic flag Central African Republic2017/9/20
Chilean flag ãƒãƒª2017/9/202021/9/23
Colombia flag ã‚³ãƒ­ãƒ³ãƒ“ã‚¢2018/8/3
Cook Islands Flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu(加入)2018/9/4
Comoros flag (I.e.2017/9/202021/2/18
Dominican country flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2019/9/262019/10/18
Dominican Republic flag Dominican Republic2018/6/7
Flag of Democratic Republic of Congo Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2017/9/20
Flag of the Republic of Congo Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2017/9/202022/5/18
Costa Rica flag Costa Rica2017/9/202018/7/5
Cote d'Ivoire flag ã‚³ ー ト ワ ワ ー ル2017/9/202022/3/23
Cuban flag Cuba2017/9/202018/1/30
Ecuador flag Ecuador2017/9/202019/9/25
El Salvador flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2017/9/202019/1/30
Fiji flag Fiji2017/9/202020/7/7
Gambia flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2017/9/202018/9/26
Ghana flag ã‚¬ãƒ¼ãƒŠ2017/9/20
Grenada flag ã‚°ãƒ¬ãƒŠãƒ€2019/9/26
Guatemala flag Guatemala2017/9/20
Guinea-Bissau flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2018/9/262021/12/15
Guyana flag ã‚¬ã‚¤ã‚¢ãƒŠ2017/9/202017/9/20
Vatican flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2017/9/202017/9/20
Honduras flag ãƒ›ãƒ³ã‚¸ãƒ¥ãƒ©ã‚¹2017/9/202020/10/24
Indonesian flag Indonesia2017/9/20
Irish flag Ireland2017/9/202020/8/6
Jamaica flag Jamaica2017/12/82020/10/23
Kazakhstan flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2018/3/22019/8/29
Kiribati flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2017/9/202019/9/26
Laos flag Laos2017/9/212019/9/26
Lesotho flag Lesotho2019/9/262020/6/6
Libyan flag (I.e.2017/9/20
Liechtenstein flag Lichtenstein2017/9/20
Madagascar flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2017/9/20
Malawi flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2017/9/20
Malaysia flag Malaysia2017/9/202020/9/30
Maldives flag Maldives2019/9/262019/9/26
Malta flag Malta2020/8/252020/9/21
Mexican flag Mexico2017/9/202018/1/16
Myanmar flag Myanmar2018/9/26
Namibian flag Namibia2017/12/82020/3/20
Nauru flag (I.e.2019/11/222020/10/23
Nepal flag ãƒ パ ー ル2017/9/20
New Zealand flag New Zealand2017/9/202018/7/31
Nicaragua flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2017/9/222018/7/19
Niger flag ãƒ‹ ジ ェ ー ル2020/12/9
Nigerian flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2017/9/202020/8/6
Niue flag ãƒ‹ã‚¦ã‚¨(加入)2020/8/6
Palau flag ãƒ‘ラオ2017/9/202018/5/3
Palestinian flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2017/9/202018/3/22
Panama flag ãƒ‘ナマ2017/9/202019/4/11
Paraguay flag ãƒ‘ラグアイ2017/9/202020/1/23
Peru flag Peru2017/9/202021/12/24
Philippines flag ãƒ•ã‚£ãƒªãƒ”ン2017/9/202021/2/18
Flag of Saint Lucia ã‚»ãƒ³ãƒˆãƒ«ã‚·ã‚¢2018/9/272019/1/23
Samoan flag ã‚µãƒ¢ã‚¢2017/9/202018/9/26
San Marino flag San Marino2017/9/202018/9/26
Sao Tome and Principe flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2017/9/20
Seychelles flag ã‚» ー シ ェ ェ2018/9/262021/7/9
South African flag South Africa2017/9/202019/2/25
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis ã‚» ァ · · · · · · · · · · ·2019/9/262020/8/9
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ã‚» レ ン ン ン ン ン ン ン ン ン ン ン ン ン ン ン2017/12/82019/7/31
Sudan flag ã‚¹ãƒ¼ãƒ€ãƒ³2020/7/22
Kingdom of Thailand flag Thailand2017/9/202017/9/20
East Timor flag æ± テ モ ー ル2018/9/26
Togolese flag ãƒˆ ー ゴ2017/9/20
Trinidad and Tobago flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2019/9/262019/9/26
Tuvalu flag (I.e.2017/9/202020/10/12
Tanzania flag Tanzania2019/9/26
Uruguay flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2017/9/202018/7/25
Vanuatu flag ãƒãƒŒã‚¢ãƒ„2017/9/202018/9/26
Venezuelan flag ãƒ™ãƒã‚ºã‚¨ãƒ©2017/9/202018/3/27
Vietnam flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2017/9/222018/5/17
Zambia flag Zambia2019/9/26
Zimbabwe flag Zimbabwe2020/12/4
Mongolia flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu(加入)2021/12/10
Total8661

February 2021 isNorwayIn NovemberGermanyDecided to participate as an observer.

footnote

  1. ^ Signature and ratification statusThe International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons
  2. ^ a b c d e "CHAPTER XXVI DISARMAMENT 9. Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons". United Nations Treaty Collection (Updated February 2021, 2). 2021/2/27Browse.
  3. ^ a b Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons-Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  4. ^ The nuclear weapons ban treaty: Opportunities lost 2017-07-17, en: Stanford University en: Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies.. Retrieved January 2020, 10.Archive
  5. ^ The nuclear weapons ban treaty, one year on 2018-10-04, the interpreter published daily by the en: Lowy Institute.. Retrieved January 2020, 10.Archive
  6. ^ UN: Nuclear weapons ban treaty to enter into force 2020-10-25, en: ABC News.. Retrieved October 2020, 10.Archive
  7. ^ Four questions for nuclear ban treaty negotiators, Geneva Disarmament Platform.. Retrieved January 2020, 10.Archive
  8. ^ Sign the nuclear ban treaty YO PUEDO(en: International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons). Retrieved October 2020, 10.Archive
  9. ^ The Nuclear Ban Treaty and 2018 Disarmament Forums: An Initial Impact Assessment Journal for Peace and Nuclear Disarmament, Taylor & Francis Online. Retrieved October 2020, 10.Archive
  10. ^ On July 2017, 7, the United Nations Headquarters in New York adopted the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, and those involved (AP = joint) 2020-10-25 Sankei Shimbun.. Retrieved January 2020, 10.Archive
  11. ^ On July 2017, 7, the United Nations Headquarters in New York adopted the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, and the representatives of the participating countries applauding (AP = joint) 2020-10-25 West Japan Newspaper.. Retrieved January 2020, 10.Archive
  12. ^ Nuclear weapons ban treaty to come into effect at the beginning of the year 2020-10-25 Nishinippon Shimbun. Retrieved October 2020, 10.Archive
  13. ^ To enter into force of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons Honduras ratifies and takes a step toward a "world without nuclear weapons" in 50 countries and regions 2020-10-25 Mainichi Newspapers.. Retrieved January 2020, 10.Archive
  14. ^ “Nuclear Weapons Ban Treaty Effective” US and Japan Not ParticipatingNihon Keizai Shimbun. (June 2021, 1). https://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXZQOGN220QM0S1A120C2000000 2021/1/22Browse. 
  15. ^ "Following the International Court of Justice's advisory opinion on the legality of nuclear weapons" Resolution 127 in favor, 25 against, 22 abstain (Japan, etc.)
  16. ^ United nations "First Committee Sends 22 Texts to General Assembly, Echoing Call for Expanding Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zones into Middle East, Bolstering Disarmament Efforts". October 27 2016.
  17. ^ International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, "UN votes to outlaw nuclear weapons in 2017 "
  18. ^ Nuclear Weapons Convention
  19. ^ United Nations Conference Adopts Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons-United Nations Information Center
  20. ^ "Adopted Nuclear Weapons Convention Treaty 122 countries support Netherlands opposition, Singapore abstains (1/2 page)". Sankei ShimbunSangyo Keizai Shimbun (August 2017, 7). 2020/7/6Browse.
  21. ^ "Nuclear Weapons Convention" adopted Japan and nuclear-weapon states do not participate ANN
  22. ^ XNUMX countries in agreement with the Nuclear Weapons Convention
  23. ^ XNUMX countries, including nuclear-armed countries, oppose Japan for the next round of negotiations Japan remains unattended...Sankei Shimbun2017/4/1
  24. ^ Explain the meaning of not participating in the Nuclear Weapons Convention1/22/2Sankei Shimbuneditorial April 2017, 4 This is typicalNuclear deterrenceArgument
  25. ^ Nuclear weapons ban treaty will get off the bridgeMainichi NewspapersEditorial October 2016, 10
  26. ^ [Close-up 2016] UN Division Ban Treaty Report Disarmament pressure on nuclear-armed states1/22/2 Mainichi Newspapers2016/10/29
  27. ^ Nuclear Ban Treaty adopted Nihon Keizai Shimbun2017/7/8
  28. ^ The United Nations prohibits nuclear weapon
  29. ^ Firma e ratifica da parte della Santa Sede, anche a nome e per conto dello Stato della Città del Vaticano, del Trattato sulla Proibizione delle Armi Nucleari
  30. ^ The ratification of the Nuclear Weapons Convention is XNUMXth country in LesothoShinbun Red Flag December 2020, 6
  31. ^ Fiji ratifies 39th nuclear ban treaty, 3 years since adoptionKyodo News September 2020, 7
  32. ^ "Supporting the abolition of the" World Fund without Nuclear Weapons "in 3 countries until it comes into effect in 39 countries ratifying the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons for 11 Years". Asahi Shimbun(July 2020, 7) 
  33. ^ Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons
  34. ^ Establishment of a Commission to Deal with the Problems Raised by the Discovery of Atomic Energy-United Nations

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