Photo: The winner of the Miyakojima city election
[Breaking news] 19 Miyakojima-shi elections are sure to be elected. Vote counting rate 98.3% (October 10, 25:0 am)
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The turnout was 67.92%, 3.82 points lower than the previous time.
[Miyakojima] The Miyakojima city election (a fixed number of 24 people) was voted on the 24th due to the expiration of the term of office, and as of 25:0 am on the 19th, XNUMX people ... → Continue reading
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The turnout is used as a measure of the degree of voting participation in the area.
The lower the voting rate,Organization voteIt is said that the percentage of floating votes tends to increase and the percentage of floating votes tends to decrease, but the turnout may decrease if the organization that was moving the voting bloc dissolves or makes a voluntary vote.When the turnout is low, the power that relies on the voting bloc has an advantage.
Overseas, tactics are also being used to lower the turnout and lower the authority of the election itself through a systematic boycott.No organized boycott is seen in Japan, but heretical far-left activistsKoichi ToyamaWas uncomfortable with the voter turnout campaign in which the government and the media were united, and was conducting an abstention promotion campaign under the name of "avant-garde arts party, abstention molecule"..
In advanced democraciesAustraliaHave a voting rate of over 90%. This imposes a fine on abstainersCompulsory voting systemIt is said that the adoption of is influential.In advanced democracies that do not adopt the compulsory voting system, high turnout such as Sweden, which is a Nordic country, has been attracting attention in recent years..
Record of voting rate in Japan
House of Representatives general election
- Limited election era
- Men's election period
- Fully elected era
House of Councilors ordinary election
By-election to the House of Councilors
- Minimum 1991 member of the House of Councilors Saitama Prefectural constituency 17.80%
Prefectural governor's election
- Maximum 1951 Shimane governor's election 95.10%
- Lowest 2011 Saitama Governor Election 24.89%
Mayoral elections in the five major cities
- Maximum 1951 Nagoya mayoral election 78.08%
- Minimum 1979Mayor of KyotoElection 16.13% *Minimum for the mayoral election of a designated city
Ordinance-designated city mayor election
- highest 2009 Yokohama mayoral election 68.76%
- Minimum 1979 Kyoto mayoral election 16.13%
- Maximum 1951 Gunma Prefecture General Election, 1951 Gunma Meiji Village Assembly Election and many more 100.00%
- Minimum 2010 Higashi-Hiroshima City Assembly By-Election 8.82%
The minimum turnout rate is stipulated in some elections, and if the turnout rate does not exceed a certain level, the vote may be invalidated. HoweverWhite voteAnd other mattersInvalid votesIs also included in the voting rate.
JapanThen.Supreme Court Judge National Examination Law(Article 32)Referendum Ordinanceso,Judge of the Supreme Court national reviewOr local governmentReferendumHas set a minimum voter turnout. The minimum voter turnout is 1% in the Supreme Court Judgment National Examination and approximately 50% in local governments that have a minimum voter turnout in local government referendums.
On the other hand, some people disagree that the introduction of the minimum voter turnout can invalidate voting in the boycott movement, thus inducing a boycott movement against voting..
in JapanConstitutional amendment referendumAt the time of enacting, a minimum voter turnout was insisted mainly by opponents of constitutional amendments, but it was enacted without introducing the minimum voter turnout.
Voting rate is one of the things that show interest in the election itself, and if the voting rate is extremely low, the legitimacy of the election may be questioned. In situations where there is a dispute over the legitimacy of the state/government, a boycott of voting is an effective means of struggle.
- ^ "What is the turnout?-- Kotobank". Asahi Shimbun. NovemberBrowse.
- ^ I became the governor of Fukuoka prefecture in this way
- ^ [Saved version] 10 reasons why Swedish young people have a high voter turnout Huffington Post July 2014, 12
- ^ "House of Representatives voting rate, the lowest post-war 52.66% Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. NovemberBrowse.
- ^ Municipal election data collection XNUMX "Voting rate" (XNUMX) Ranking/reference by municipality (election with XNUMX% voting rate) Gunma
- ^ Only 8.82% of the turnout is Higashihiroshima City Associate Election on the 18th Kyodo News June 2010, 4
- ^ a b Minimum voter turnout in the constitutional amendment referendum-viewpoints for consideration- Secretariat of the House of Councilors Constitution Examinations