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🏛 | China “strongly opposes” former Prime Minister Abe remarks


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China “strongly opposes” former Prime Minister Abe remarks

 
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A spokesman for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China said in a strong tone, "Anyone who goes back on the path of militarism and pushes the limits of China will surely be in trouble." I will never forgive that. "
 

Former Prime Minister Abe said in a lecture to Taiwan on the 1st, "Taiwan contingency is a contingency of the Japan-US alliance and should not be mistaken." → Continue reading

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China Foreign Affairs

Militarism

Militarism(Gunkokushugi,British: militarism, alone: Militarismus) OrMilitarism(Gunji Shugi) ormilitarism[1]Is外交As a means of戦 争All activities such as politics, economy, education, culture, etc.Military powerThe national system that must be done for strengtheningthoughtSay[2].

Overview

MilitarismCountryIn, military personnel will be respected by the people because the military will be the center of the nation.[2]..In addition, the whole society is organized militarily, the military way of thinking permeates every corner of the society, and the whole nation is likebarracksbecome that way[3]..Therefore, a militarist nation is also called a "militarist nation."[3].

Militarism has existed since ancient times, for example in ancient Greece.Spartan[3],MedievalCaroling morningThere are various examples such as[4], It ’s a worldwide epidemic, and its harm is terrible.LiberalismIt seems that it was not until the middle of the 19th century that people began to criticize it.[3][5].

In the mid-19th centurySocialismPerson orRepublicanWhoFrance OfNapoleon III OfSecond EmpireIt is believed that the first use case was used as a word to criticize.[6]. "ImperialismIt seems that the word "" was also used during this period.[6].

In the international dimension, it is a word that has been the source of criticism of other countries as "a nation that threatened peace."[4].World War IDuring and after the warGermanyIs criticized as militarismVersailles systemBelowAlliesWar responsibility is pursued by the international community centered on[4], As wellSecond World WarLaterAxis powersMetGermanyJapanIs criticized as militarismAlliesHas been pursued for war responsibility by the international community centered on[3][7]..However, some studies have explored its usefulness as an academic term and used it as an analytical framework for history.[8].

Case in Japan

Definition in the Government of Japan

1973 ,of timeDeputy Secretary-General, Cabinet Secretariat-Omura ShojiThe idea of ​​militarism is "preparing an organization such as politics, economy, law, and education of a country for war, and thinking that war is the manifestation of national power, and therefore, aspects such as politics, economy, diplomacy, and culture. Is the idea of ​​subordinating to the military. "[9].

"Non-militarist" provisions of the Prime Minister and ministers

Incidentally,1973 At the stage of Japanprime minister,Secretary of State(Ministers) were tentatively recognized (within the government) that they "must not be militarists."[10].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ Commentary on the carefully selected version of the Japanese Language Dictionary "Militarism" Viewed Kotobank, 2021/12/27
  2. ^ a b XNUMXnd Edition, Mention in the World Encyclopedia, Encyclopedia Nipponica (Nipponica), Britannica International Encyclopedia Small Item Encyclopedia, Encyclopedia Mypedia, Sobunsha Japanese History Encyclopedia XNUMXrd Edition, Selected Edition Japanese Language Dictionary, Digital Encyclopedia, World Encyclopedia. “What is militarism?”(Japanese). Koto bank. 2021/8/28Browse.
  3. ^ a b c d e Britannica International Encyclopedia
  4. ^ a b c Farks Volume 1 Page 13
  5. ^ Farks Vol. 1, pp. 12-13
  6. ^ a b Farks Volume 1 Page 12
  7. ^ 2015 May 5,Russia(OldSoviet Union) CapitalMoscowIt is in"Red SquareIn the "70th Anniversary Ceremony against Germany" held atVladimir PutinIn the president's speech, "NazismAnd special thanks to the representatives of the countries that fought against Japanese militarism. " [1].
  8. ^ Ito: Militarismus des Zivilen in Japan 1937–1940
  9. ^ At the House of Representatives Construction Committee on December 1973, 48 (12nd Diet),Government memberOmura replied, "Militaristic thought is to prepare a country's politics, economy, law, education, etc. for the war, and think that the war is the manifestation of national power, so politics, economy, It is thought to be an idea that subordinates aspects such as diplomacy and culture to the military, and a person who is deeply ingrained in this idea is clearly such an idea from his or her daily actions and remarks. People who are soaked in militaristic ideas to the extent that they can be drawn, in other words, not only have militaristic ideas in their hearts, but also inspire them to spread them, and even external acts can be seen. I understand that it refers to such a person. "
  10. ^ Article 66, Paragraph 2 of the Japanese ConstitutionIs "Prime MinisterOtherSecretary of StateIt is,civilianMust. ".Although there is controversy in the interpretation of "civilian" in the clause, the government's view was that it refers to persons other than those listed below. 1973 (Showa 48)May 12(72nd Diet)House of RepresentativesAt the Construction Committee, Joji Omura, a government member (Deputy Secretary-General, Cabinet Secretariat) Says, "For the government, regarding the" civilian "in Article XNUMX, Paragraph XNUMX of the Constitution," the former Army and NavyProfessional soldierThose who have a background of "and are thought to be deeply ingrained in militaristic ideas", and "SDFThose who are in the position of "", these two are the criteria for judgment. I answered.
    1. oldlandNavy OfProfessional soldierThose who have a background of and are considered to be deeply dyed in militaristic ideas
    2. SDFIn the position of

References

  • Satoshi Kodera (editor), Osamu Hamai "Ethical Glossary for New Course" Yamakawa Shuppansha
  • Edited "Defense Glossary" (2000, XNUMX,Kokusho Publishing,ISBN 9784336042521
  • Kiyoshi Inoue"History of Izumi <2004> Japanese Militarism" (XNUMX,Iwanami Shoten/Iwanami modern library,ISBN 4006001134
  • Joel Andreas "War Addiction-The Real Reason America Can't Escape Militaryism" (Original Title "Addicted to War”) Joint publication ISBN 4772602992
  • Alfred Farkz, "History of Militaryism, Volume 1 From Feudal Knights to the Mass Army" Translated by Yukio Mochida (1973 (Showa 48), Fukumura Shuppan)
  • ,: Militarismus des Zivilen in Japan 1937–1940: Diskurse und ihre Auswirkungen auf politische Entscheidungsprozesse, (Reihe zur Geschichte Asiens; Bd. 19), München: Iudicium Verlag 2019 ISBN-978 3862052202

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