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🏛 | North Korea “Ballistic Missile” Launched Prime Minister Kishida “Do Your Best to Gather Information”


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North Korea launches "ballistic missile" Prime Minister Kishida "Full power to collect information"

 
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According to government officials, one missile appears to have fallen out of Japan's EEZ = Exclusive Economic Zone.
 

Kesa, North Korea has launched a possible ballistic missile toward the Sea of ​​Japan.In response to this, Prime Minister Kishida received information ... → Continue reading

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Government relations

Exclusive economic zone

Exclusive economic zone(Welcome to the economy,British: EXclusive Eeconomic Zone; EEZ,Buddha: Zone économique exclusive, ZEE,alone: Ausschließliche Wirtschaftszone, AWZ) IsUnited Nations Convention on the Law of the SeaSet based on,Natural resourcesas well as the natural energyAbout "Sovereign rights, AndArtificial island・ Installation of facilities,Environmental protection·Maintenance,Marine science researchAbout "Jurisdiction”水域Indicates that.

Translated as body of water, but in English there is no implication of simply zone and body of water.

Sovereign rights

Under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, coastal states are their ownBaseline (sea)To 200nautical mileAn exclusive economic zone can be set within the range of (370.4 kilometers <1 nautical mile = 1,852 meters>).

Exists on the sea, under the sea, on the seabed, and below the seabed in the set water areaFisheries-mineralresourceAlso, obtained from seawater, ocean currents, and sea breezenatural energyAgainstExploration / development / maintenance and managementIt is clearly stated that it has the exclusive right to do so (the right to exercise exclusively without being infringed by other countries).

At the stage of reserves of mineral resources existing in the exclusive economic zone, coastal countriesOwnershipDoes not exist, and its rights arise when it is mined and pulled up to land, maritime facilities, and ships.In addition, ownership of marine products only arises after they are landed.For renewable energy, for exampleelectricityFor the first time after being converted toProperty rightsOccurs.

Ratifying coastal states may enact legislation and provide penalties only for the following acts against natural resources and renewable energy:Although it does not reach sovereignty, it is called "sovereign right" because it has exclusivity.sovereignty"Is a clear distinction.

Jurisdiction

Also in the exclusive economic zoneConstruction of artificial islands and facilities,Environmental protection and conservation in the sea areaActions that may destroy the environment from the perspective ofScientific research on the oceanCoastal states are exclusive to the implementation ofLicense right, And requires prior application to coastal countries.Coastal states can control the right act by granting or not permitting the application.If a coastal country acts differently from the application and a violation is revealed, it can be stopped promptly.

Marine scientific researchRegarding, there is a gap in the claims of each country regarding the definition of what constitutes a scientific survey, and there is no consensus.

Exclusive economic zone

Historically, the waters were devised for thorough resource management so that the sustainable use of marine natural resources would not be hindered.Current "United Nations Convention on the Law of the SeaThe exclusive economic zone defined in 』is the water area that applies from the bottom of the seabed to the top of the sea, but historically it is the" fishing waters "above the seabed and the" continental shelf "on the seabed and below the seabed. It consisted of two separately assembled concepts.

Fishery waters

For "fishery waters", see "Underwater biological resources"Migratory property"WhenWatersIt is based on the "continuity" of movement of biological resources at boundaries.For fish, etc., the territorial waters boundary does not hinder the movement and can move freely, so the biological resources in the territorial waters are greatly affected by the increase and decrease of biological resources in the neighboring territorial waters.Therefore, he appealed for the legitimacy of the coastal states having the right to control the fishing industry conducted outside the territorial waters adjacent to their own territorial waters.

The first attempt to manage a territorial high seas fishery in history was in the United StatesPresident TrumanDeclared in 1945 byUnited States Policy on Coastal Fisheries in High Seas Waters] Is the beginning.Although this declaration does not set a specific range of fishing waters, it could not be said that the territorial waters width was agreed internationally at that time.At that time, various mothership-type fisheries were becoming popular due to innovations in fishing technology, and foreign countries were held near their own territorial waters.Pelagic fisheryIt was a declaration proclamation including a check on the person.

A treaty based on consent between nations was adopted in 1958 and entered into force in 1966.Convention on the Conservation of Fisheries and High Seas Biological Resources] Is the first.When two or more countries fish in one fishing ground overseas, it was decided by the agreement of those countries to manage the fishing grounds.It was also stipulated that a country could establish a water area (fishery water area) outside the territorial waters adjacent to the territorial waters to manage fisheries.However, the Convention did not specify any specific figures for the range of the outer boundary of the fishing area.This vague definition of fishery waters left a stigma, and then each country tentatively declared its own fishery waters and unilaterally exercised jurisdiction, that is, unilaterally regulated fisheries against fishing vessels of other countries. ..Until the conclusion and entry into force of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea in JapanProvisional lawAs 200 from the territorial waters baseline to the outer boundary of the fishing areanautical mile"" Was enforced in 1977, and a unique "fishery water area" was set up and declared at home and abroad.

continental shelf

For the "continental shelf"rock,Sediment,Volcanic ashFrom land such asSedimentBycontinental shelfAnd the formation of seafloor slopes were considered.Around the landGeologyFormed in the sediment over a long period of timeoilMineral resources such as and from sedimentsInorganic-organic matterAssuming biological resources that inhabit the seabed that gradually move for generations, the basis is "extension" with the land (territory) and the surrounding sea (territorial waters).Inhabits oil and the seabed if there is no sediment from landcrabIt is an argument that such things could not be done.Also, with the technology at that timeoil-Natural gasDevelop seabed mineral resources such as seabedpipelineThere was no way to produce oil and natural gas other than transporting it to the coast, and the cooperation of coastal countries was considered to be an essential condition for developing seabed resources.Based on the coastal nations and roles played in the generation of continental shelf resources and the importance of coastal nations in continental shelf resource development, it was decided that coastal nations have jurisdiction over continental shelf resource development.

Historical territory overseasHigh seasAttempts to manage submarine resources below are in the United StatesPresident TrumanDeclared in 1945 byUS Policy on Underground and Undersea Natural Resources on the Continental Shelf] Is the beginning.This declaration does not specify the geomorphological definition, range, or depth of water on the continental shelf.

The first treaty based on consent between nations was adopted in 1958 and entered into force in 1964.Convention on the Continental Shelf].The adjacent continental shelf of 200m or less outside the territory was designated as the treaty continental shelf, and "development possibility" was given to enable expansion if resources could be developed even at a depth of 200m or deeper.It was thought that the limit of the water depth at which oil and gas development of the technology at that time was possible was about 200 m, and it was written in anticipation of the possibility of seabed development at a deeper water depth due to the development of science and technology. is there.Another important point is that countries that are adjacent to each other across the sea and share the continental shelf and countries that share the territorial waters cannot unilaterally set the continental shelf boundary without mutual agreement. The continental shelf boundary line to be used is that it is clearly stated that the middle equidistant line is the principle (with exceptions).

Exclusive economic zone

The "fishing waters", which had been unilaterally declared and cracked down, were adopted in 1982, and with the "United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea" which came into effect in 1994, they were integrated with the conventional concept of "continental shelf" and newly " It was stipulated as the term "exclusive economic zone".At this time, it was decided that the range of water area and seabed area would be 200 nautical miles from the territorial waters baseline in principle.The provisions for water depths shallower than 200 m and "development potential" stipulated in the old treaty "Convention on the Continental Shelf" have disappeared.In addition, the conditions that are topographically recognized as a continental shelf are set, and the maximum of the seabed that meets the conditions of the continental shelf at 200 nautical miles or more is set.Territorial waters baselineIt was decided that the continental shelf boundary should be within 350 nautical miles at the maximum or within 2500 nautical miles from the isolines at a depth of 100 m. (Continental shelf extension)

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea not only stipulates "sovereign rights" and "jurisdiction" in the "exclusive economic zone" of coastal states, but also protects them in the "exclusive economic zone" of non-coastal states. The rights to be granted are also stipulated.They are as follows.

  • Sailing
  • Flying over
  • Laying submarine electric wires and pipelines

Conditions for the island that is the starting point of the exclusive economic zone

Starting from the exclusive economic zone in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the SeaTerritorial waters baselineThe requirements for islands where can be established are in Article 121.

Item 1

Paragraph 1 stipulates that "an island is a naturally formed land that is surrounded by water and remains on the surface of the water even at high tide." Has been done.That is, it can be interpreted that the land submerged on the seabed due to the tide is not an "island" under this Convention.

Item 2

Paragraph 2 stipulates that "except as provided in Paragraph 3, the island's territorial waters, contiguous waters, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of this Convention applicable to other territories." , The "island" under this Convention as defined in paragraph 1Waters,Connected water area, Exclusive economic zone andcontinental shelfIn determining the starting point ofterritoryIt can be interpreted from the text when it is treated as.However, "rocks that cannot sustain human settlement or their own economic life" as defined in Section 3 below are not treated as "territories" in determining the origin of the exclusive economic zone and continental shelf. It can be interpreted that it is defined on the premise of that.

Item 3

Section 3 states that "rocks that cannot sustain human settlement or their own economic life do not have an exclusive economic zone or continental shelf."This section does not mention territorial waters or continental waters, so even if it is a "rock that cannot maintain human settlement or its own economic life", it is necessary to determine the starting point for territorial waters and continental waters. It can be interpreted from the text that it can be treated as "territorial waters".In addition, "rocks capable of maintaining human settlement or unique economic life" can be treated as "territory" in determining the starting points of territorial waters, contiguous waters, exclusive economic zones and continental shelves. A logical interpretation is possible.

Logical interpretation

Regarding the relationship between the two concepts of "islands" under the Convention of Article 121 and "rocks that cannot maintain human settlement or their own economic life" under the Convention,

  1. The theory that "rocks that cannot sustain human settlement or their own economic life" is part of an "island" (sufficient condition)
  2. The theory that "rocks that cannot maintain human settlement or their own economic life" and "islands" are in a relationship of exclusion (incompatible)

There are two theories.

Differences in claims over exclusive economic zone demarcation

Overlapping waters emerge when two neighboring countries across the sea draw a line from the territorial waters baseline to the limit of 400 nautical miles of the exclusive economic zone at a distance of less than 2 nautical miles.In such a case, it is not possible to unilaterally set where to redraw the boundary in the overlapping water area without mutual agreement. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea does not stipulate the procedure for delineating overlapping sea areas, and each country seeks to maximize the economic benefits of water areas, making demarcation of boundaries extremely difficult.

For example, East China SeaInPeople's Republic of ChinaIs the tip of the continental shelf that extends from the coast of the country based on the "continental shelf natural extension theory"Okinawa TroughIt claims the "East China Sea Continental Shelf Okinawa Trough Limit Theory" that the boundary of the EEZ, which is the bottom of the western slope of the island, is also at the same position as the continental shelf boundary.On the other hand, in Japan, the seafloor topography such as the Okinawa Trough has no legal meaning, and the eastern end of the East China Sea continental shelf isNansei IslandsEast sideRyukyu TrenchIt insists on the "East China Sea Continental Shelf Ryukyu Trench Limit Theory" that it is on a slope that falls toward.Furthermore, if this "East China Sea Continental Shelf Ryukyu Trench Limit Theory" is taken, Japan and China will share the continental shelf. Japan argues that it is appropriate to use the equidistant midline as the boundary between the continental shelf and the EEZ.[1]..Taking the "East China Sea Continental Shelf Okinawa Trough Limit Theory" that China insists, the seafloor resources of both countries, such as equidistant midlines, will be greatly inclined toward China from a balanced state, and the seafloor resources will be "equal." It deviates greatly from the principle of "solution".The "equidistant midline theory" claimed by Japan is justified from the principle of "equal solution".

Incidentally,MyanmarとバングラデシュIn the conflict betweenInternational court of lawHas ruled that the (attributive) boundaries of the continental shelf are based on the midline.[2].

China isSouth China SeaHe insists on the "equidistant midline theory" as the basis for redrawing the overlapping waters of the EEZ with other countries starting from the upper island, which is in conflict with the claims of Vietnam and the Philippines.China insists on the "equidistant midline theory" because there is no clearly distinguishable limit on the continental shelf in the seafloor topography of the sea area at issue.However, before the boundary of the EEZ was set, there is a great doubt as to whether it is valid under the treaty because it started with unilateral seizure by the power of the islands as the starting point and is based on the unilateral claim of sovereignty.

Also, regarding the re-delineation of the boundary of the EEZ overlapping sea area between South Korea and China,Yellow seaThere is no topographically visible continental shelf termination on the continental shelf below the overlapping waters inside.Therefore, China considers that China and South Korea share the continental shelf and insists on the "equidistant midline theory" on the premise of "equal solution".However, at present, the exclusive demarcation line on the EEZ overlapping water area has not been demarcated, and China and South Korea have set up a joint fishery management water area in the EEZ overlapping water area as a provisional measure and are implementing joint management of biological resources.

Differences in claims over uncertain waters in Japan's exclusive economic zone

There are differences in the assertions about the basis of the demarcation method over the demarcation of the exclusive economic zone boundary between Japan and neighboring countries.

  • Differences in claims with China
    • East China Sea gas field problem --China insists on the "East China Sea Continental Shelf Okinawa Trough Limit Theory."On the other hand, Japan takes the "East China Sea continental shelf Ryukyu Trench limit theory" and claims that it shares the East China Sea continental shelf with China.He argues that it is appropriate for the boundary on the continental shelf to adopt the principle of "equal solution" and to use the Japan-China equidistant midline as the boundary between the continental shelf and the EEZ.United Nations Convention on the Law of the SeaThere is no stipulation on the method of demarcating the overlapping water area of ​​the EEZ / continental shelf.
    • Japan-China Fishery Agreement
    • Senkaku Islands Dispute
  • Differences in claims between China and South Korea
    • Okinotorishima --The Government of Japan circulates around the island to maintain an exclusive economic zoneconcrete,blockHardened witherosionIs prevented.Both China and South Korea use Okinotorishima as a "rock that cannot maintain human residence or its own economic life" as stipulated in Article 121, Paragraph 3 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, and serve as the starting point for the continental shelf and EEZ. Claims not to get.However, in April 2012, the UN Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf approved the continental shelf in the waters north of Okinotorishima starting from Okinotorishima, effectively making Okinotorishima an "island" under the treaty. Certified, the debate over whether Okinotorishima is an "island" or a "rock that cannot sustain human settlements or its own economic life" has been settled.The Kyushu-Palau Ridge southern waters (Okinotorishima southern waters) were not recommended because they may overlap the continental shelf of relative countries (Federated States of Micronesia, Republic of Palau, etc.).
    • Japan-Korea Continental Shelf Agreement --Korea claims that the joint development area of ​​the Japan-Korea Continental Shelf Agreement is the EEZ of Korea alone, and joined the United Nations Commission on the Limits of Continental Shelf in 2012.Okinawa TroughI applied for the extension of the continental shelf.Japan is the starting point of the EEZ in this areaTorishimaとMale and female islandsThe problem is also involved and it is complicated.South Korea is free to apply to the United Nations, but the final decision and entry into force of the EEZ requires consultation and consent with Japan, which has overlapping EEZs.China claims its exclusive economic zone (EEZ)KyusyuIt is opposed to the fact that the western sea area is included in the joint development area set by the Japan-Korea Continental Shelf Agreement.

Conflicts in the world's exclusive economic zone

The Hague Arbitration Court Judgment

Judgment regarding the reef of the South China Sea

2016/July 7 in The Hague, The NetherlandsPermanent Arbitration Court South China Sea15 allegations made by the Philippines regarding China's claims and activities over[4]Among the decisions I made regardingSouth China Sea OfNansha IslandsExists inLeafTake (reef) as an example and all of themclimaxHigh-tide features are legally exclusive economic zones or "rocks" that do not generate continental shelves.[5].

Ranking by country / region

Each table is manned or unmannedSovereign state OfDependentIncluding,AntarcticaDoes not include claims of sovereignty. EEZ + TIA in Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)Total inner area (TIA) is added.[6]

CountryEEZ km2Continental shelf km2EEZ + TIA km2
French flag France11,691,000389,42212,080,422
United States flag America11,351,0002,193,52621,814,306
Australian flag Australia8,505,3482,194,00816,197,464
Russian flag Russia7,566,6733,817,84324,664,915
British flag United Kingdom6,805,586722,8917,048,486
Indonesian flag Indonesia6,159,0322,039,3818,063,601
Canadian flag Canada5,599,0772,644,79515,607,077
Japanese flag Japan4,479,388454,9764,857,318
New Zealand flag New Zealand4,083,744277,6104,352,424
Flag of the People's Republic of China Chugoku3,879,666831,34013,520,487
Chilean flag ãƒãƒª3,681,989252,9474,431,381
Brazilian flag Brazil3,660,955774,56312,175,832
Kiribati flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu3,441,8107,5233,442,536
Mexican flag Mexico3,269,386419,1025,141,968
Federated States of Micronesia ãƒŸã‚¯ãƒ­ãƒã‚·ã‚¢ 連邦2,996,41919,4032,997,121
Danish flag Denmark2,551,238495,6574,761,811
Papua New Guinea flag ãƒ‘ ュ ュ ニ ニ2,402,288191,2562,865,128
Norway flag Norway2,385,178434,0202,770,404
Indian flag India2,305,143402,9965,592,406
Marshall Islands Flag ãƒž ー ャ ル ル1,990,53018,4111,990,711
Portugal flag Portugal1,727,40892,0903,969,498
Philippines flag ãƒ•ã‚£ãƒªãƒ”ン1,590,780272,9211,890,780
Solomon Islands flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu1,589,47736,2821,618,373
South African flag South Africa1,535,538156,3372,756,575
Seychelles flag ã‚» ー シ ェ ェ1,336,55939,0631,337,014
Mauritius flag Mauritius1,284,99729,0611,287,037
Fiji flag Fiji1,282,97847,7051,301,250
Madagascar flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu1,225,259101,5051,812,300
Argentina flag Argentine1,159,063856,3463,939,463
Ecuador flag Ecuador1,077,23141,0341,333,600
Spanish flag Spain1,039,23377,9201,545,225
Maldives flag Maldives923,32234,538923,622
Peru flag Peru906,45482,0002,191,670
Flag of Somalia Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu825,05255,8951,462,709
Colombia flag ã‚³ãƒ­ãƒ³ãƒ“ã‚¢808,15853,6911,949,906
Cape Verde flag ã‚«ãƒ¼ãƒœãƒ™ãƒ«ãƒ‡800,5615,591804,594
Iceland flag ã‚¢ã‚¤ã‚¹ ランド751,345108,015854,345
Tuvalu flag (I.e.749,7903,575749,816
Vanuatu flag ãƒãƒŒã‚¢ãƒ„663,25111,483675,440
Tonga flag ãƒˆãƒ³ã‚¬659,5588,517660,305
Bahamas flag (I.e.654,715106,323668,658
Palau flag ãƒ‘ラオ603,9782,837604,437
Flag of Mozambique Mozambique578,98694,2121,380,576
Morocco flag ãƒ¢ãƒ­ãƒƒã‚³575,230115,1571,287,780
Costa Rica flag Costa Rica574,72519,585625,825
Namibian flag Namibia564,74886,6981,388,864
Yemen flag Yemen552,66959,2291,080,637
Italian flag Italy541,915116,834843,251
Oman Flag Oman533,18059,071842,680
Myanmar flag Myanmar532,775220,3321,209,353
Sri Lanka flag Sri Lanka532,61932,453598,229
Angola flag ã‚¢ãƒ³ã‚´ãƒ©518,43348,0921,765,133
Greek flag Greece505,57281,451637,529
Republic of Korea flag  South Korea475,469292,522575,469
Venezuelan flag ãƒ™ãƒã‚ºã‚¨ãƒ©471,50798.5001,387,950
Vietnam flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu417,663365,198748,875
Irish flag Ireland410,310139,935480,583
Libyan flag (I.e.351,58964,7632,111,129
Cuban flag Cuba350,75161,525460,637
Panama flag ãƒ‘ナマ335,64653,404411,163
Malaysia flag Malaysia334,671323,412665,474
Nauru flag (I.e.308,48041308,501
Equatorial guinea flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu303,5097,820331,560
Kingdom of Thailand flag Thailand299,397230,063812,517
Egyptian flag Egypt263,45161,5911,265,451
Turkish flag Turkey261,65456,0931,045,216
Jamaica flag Jamaica258,1379,802269,128
Dominican Republic flag Dominican Republic255,89810,738304,569
Liberia flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu249,73417,715361,103
Honduras flag ãƒ›ãƒ³ã‚¸ãƒ¥ãƒ©ã‚¹249,54268,718362,034
Tanzania flag Tanzania241,88825,6111,186,975
Pakistan flag Pakistan235,99951,3831,117,911
Ghana flag ã‚¬ãƒ¼ãƒŠ235,34922,502473,888
Saudi arabia flag Saudi Arabia228,633107,2492,378,323
Nigerian flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu217,31342,2851,141,081
Sierra Leone flag ã‚·ã‚¨ãƒ©ãƒ¬ã‚ªãƒ215,61128,625287,351
Gabon flag ã‚¬ãƒœãƒ³202,79035,020470,458
Barbados flag ãƒãƒ«ãƒãƒ‰ã‚¹186,898426187,328
Cote d'Ivoire flag ã‚³ ー ト ワ ワ ー ル176,25410,175498,717
Iran flag (I.e.168,718118,6931,797,468
Mauritania flag ãƒ¢ ー タ ニ ニ165,33831,6621,190,858
Comoros flag (I.e.163,7521,526165,987
Swedish flag Sweden160,885154,604602,255
Flag of senegal ã‚»ãƒã‚¬ãƒ«158,86123,092355,583
Dutch flag  Netherlands154,01177,246192,345
Ukrainian flag ã‚¦ã‚¯ãƒ©ã‚¤ãƒŠ147,31879,142750,818
Uruguay flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu142,16675,327318,381
Guyana flag ã‚¬ã‚¤ã‚¢ãƒŠ137,76550,578352,734
Democratic People's Republic of Korea flag DPR Korea132,82654,566253,364
Sao Tome and Principe flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu131,3971,902132,361
Samoan flag ã‚µãƒ¢ã‚¢127,9502,087130,781
Suriname flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu127,77253,631291,592
Haiti flag ãƒã‚¤ãƒ126,7606,683154,510
Algerian flag ã‚¢ãƒ«ã‚¸ã‚§ãƒªã‚¢126,3539,9852,508,094
Nicaragua flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu123,88170,874254,254
Guinea-Bissau flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu123,72539,339159,850
Kenya flag Kenya116,94211,073697,309
Guatemala flag Guatemala114,17014,422223,059
Antigua and Barbuda Flag ãƒ ブ ブ ダ ダ ダ110,0894,128110,531
Tunisia flag ãƒãƒ¥ãƒ‹ã‚¸ã‚¢101,85767,126265,467
Cyprus flag Cyprus98,7074,042107,958
El Salvador flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu90,96216,852112,003
Finnish flag Finland87,17185,109425,590
Bangladesh flag ãƒãƒ³ã‚°ãƒ©ãƒ‡ã‚·ãƒ¥86,39266,438230,390
Taiwan flag Republic of China83,23143,016119,419
Eritrea flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu77,72861,817195,328
Trinidad and Tobago flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu74,19925,28479,329
East Timor flag æ± テ モ ー ル70,32625,64885,200
Sudan flag ã‚¹ãƒ¼ãƒ€ãƒ³68,14819,8271,954,216
Cambodia flag Cambodia62,51562,515243,550
Guinea flag (I.e.59,42644,755305,283
Croatian flag Croatia59,03250,277115,626
United Arab Emirates flag United Arab Emirates58,21857,474141,818
German flag Germany57,48557,485414,599
Malta flag Malta54,8235,30155,139
Estonia flag ã‚¨ã‚¹ãƒˆãƒ‹ã‚¢36,99236,99282,219
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ã‚» レ ン ン ン ン ン ン ン ン ン ン ン ン ン ン ン36,3021,56136,691
Belize flag ãƒ™ãƒªãƒ¼ã‚º35,35113,17858,317
Bulgarian flag Bulgaria34,30710,426145,186
Benin flag (I.e.33,2212,721145,843
Qatar flag Qatar31,59031,59043,176
Flag of the Republic of Congo Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu31,0177,982373,017
Polish flag Poland29,79729,797342,482
Dominican country flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu28,98565929,736
Latvian flag ãƒ©ãƒˆãƒ“ã‚¢28,45227,77293,011
Grenada flag ã‚°ãƒ¬ãƒŠãƒ€27,4262,23727,770
Israeli flag Israel26,3523,74548,424
Romanian flag ãƒ«ãƒ¼ãƒžãƒ‹ã‚¢23,62719,303262,018
Gambia flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu23,1125,58134,407
Georgia (country) flag ã‚¸ ョ ー ジ ジ21,9463,24391,646
Lebanese flag Lebanon19,5161,06729,968
Cameroon flag ã‚« メ ル ー ン16,54711,420491,989
Flag of Saint Lucia ã‚»ãƒ³ãƒˆãƒ«ã‚·ã‚¢15,61754416,156
Albania flag ã‚¢ãƒ«ãƒãƒ‹ã‚¢13,6916,97942,439
Togolese flag ãƒˆ ー ゴ12,0451,26568,830
Kuwait flag ã‚¯ã‚¦ã‚§ãƒ¼ãƒˆ11,02611,02628,844
Syrian flag (I.e.10,5031,085195,683
Bahrain flag ãƒãƒ¼ãƒ¬ãƒ¼ãƒ³10,22510,22510,975
Brunei flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu10,0908,50915,855
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis ã‚» ァ · · · · · · · · · · ·9,97465310,235
Montenegro flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu7,7453,89621,557
Flag of Djibouti ã‚¸ãƒ–チ7,4593,18730,659
Lithuanian flag ãƒªãƒˆã‚¢ãƒ‹ã‚¢7,0317,03172,331
Belgian flag Belgium3,4473,44733,975
Flag of Democratic Republic of Congo Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu1,6061,5932,346,464
Singapore flag Singapore1,0671,0671,772
Iraqi flag (I.e.771771439,088
Monaco flag (I.e.288290
Palestinian flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2562566,276
Flag of Slovenia ã‚¹ãƒ­ãƒ™ãƒ‹ã‚¢22022020,493
Jordan flag Jordan1665989,508
Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu505051,259
Kazakhstan flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2,724,900
Mongolia flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu1,564,100
Chad flag ãƒãƒ£ãƒ‰1,284,000
Niger flag ãƒ‹ ジ ェ ー ル1,267,000
Republic of Mali flag (I.e.1,240,192
Ethiopian flag ã‚¨ãƒã‚ªãƒ”ã‚¢1,104,300
Bolivian flag Bolivia1,098,581
Zambia flag Zambia752,612
Afghanistan flag ã‚¢ãƒ•ã‚¬ãƒ‹ã‚¹ã‚¿ãƒ³652,090
Central African Republic flag Central African Republic622,984
South Sudan flag å— ス ー ダ ダ619,745
Botswana flag ãƒœãƒ„ワナ582,000
Turkmenistan flag ãƒˆãƒ«ã‚¯ãƒ¡ãƒ‹ã‚¹ã‚¿ãƒ³488,100
Uzbekistan flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu447,400
Paraguay flag ãƒ‘ラグアイ406,752
Zimbabwe flag Zimbabwe390,757
Burkina Faso Flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu274,222
Uganda flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu241,038
Laos flag Laos236,800
Belarusian flag ãƒ™ ラ ル ー シ207,600
Kyrgyz flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu199,951
Nepal flag ãƒ パ ー ル147,181
Tajikistan flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu143,100
Malawi flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu118,484
Hungarian flag Hungary93,028
Azerbaijan flag ã‚¢ã‚¼ãƒ«ãƒã‚¤ã‚¸ãƒ£ãƒ³86,600
Austrian flag Austria83,871
Czech flag Czech Republic78,867
Serbian flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu77,474
Flag of Slovakia Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu49,035
Swiss flag Switzerland41,284
Bhutan flag ãƒ– ー タ タ38,394
Moldova flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu33,846
Lesotho flag Lesotho30,355
Armenian flag ã‚¢ãƒ«ãƒ¡ãƒ‹ã‚¢29,743
Burundi flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu27,834
Rwandan flag Rwanda26,338
North Macedonia flag Northern Macedonia25,713
Flag of Eswatini Eswatini17,364
Kosovo flag (I.e.[A]10,887
Luxembourg flag Luxembourg2,586
Andorra flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu468
Liechtenstein flag Lichtenstein160
San Marino flag San Marino61
Vatican flag Vatican City0.44

footnote

  1. ^ Japan's Legal Position on Resource Development in the East China Sea_Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  2. ^ "Myanmar and Bangladesh Territorial Disputes International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea" The boundary of the continental shelf is based on the middle line ", FNN News, March 2012, 3
  3. ^ "South China Sea disapproves of China's claim = no legal basis for "nine-dash line" -first judicial decision and arbitration court”. Jiji Press (August 2016, 7). 2016/7/13Browse.[Broken link]
  4. ^ “South China Sea Arbitration Trial, Philippines Aim”. Jiji dot com news (NHK). (December 2016, 7). originalArchived as of October 2016, 7.. https://web.archive.org/web/20160712140510/http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20160711/k10010589511000.html 2016/7/14Browse. 
  5. ^ "all of the high-tide features in the Spratly Islands (including, for example, Itu Aba, Thitu, West York Island, Spratly Island, North-East Cay, South-West Cay) are legally“ rocks ”that do not generate an exclusive economic zone or continental shelf. ": Page 10
    "THE SOUTH CHINA SEA ARBITRATION”. The Hague Justice Portal (July 2016, 7). 2016/7/14Browse.
  6. ^ Sea Around Us – Fisheries, Ecosystems and Biodiversity, Sea Around Us, http://www.seaaroundus.org/data/#/eez.aspx 2017/4/1Browse. 

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