Mr. Asahi, Mr. Renho, Mr. Takeya, Mr. Ikuina, Mr. Yamazoe, Mr. Yamamoto, followed by Tokyo constituency situation, House of Councilors election, midfield situation survey
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Mr. Yamazoe has solidified about 8% of the communist supporters and is also expanding his support to nonpartisan groups.
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Wikipedia related words
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IndependenceWhich is (Mutoha)Political partyThose who do not belong to any party or who do not support any political party.Public office member,ChiefMainly if you do not belong to a partyIndependentThat.
Among voters, those who do not have a supporting party are called nonpartisan groups or those who do not support a party..
Early voting behavior analysis identified nonpartisan voters as less politically interested and less politically important...However, it is becoming clear that there are many nonpartisan people who have high political interest and vote, and the whereabouts of nonpartisan votes can greatly influence politics...Therefore, it is sometimes said that it is important to expand the support of independents in order to win the election.
Japanese political scientistAiji TanakaAnalyzing voting behavior, the nonpartisan group, the political indifference group who is politically indifferent and rarely goes to vote, the party refusal group who is interested in politics but does not have a supportive party, and the former supportive party It is classified into three groups of political parties.
For political parties, policy decisions can be a daunting issue if both the interests of existing supporters and the expectations of independents conflict..
The United States of America
Voting behavior analysis and research has been particularly developed in the United States..
Based on polls from the 1950sUniversity of MichiganThe study in was analyzed from the viewpoint of the voter's sense of party belonging (party support attitude), and occupies the classical position of voting behavior theory as "Michigan model" or "party belonging model"...However, after the mid-1960s, it became necessary to revise the voting behavior model due to the increase in nonpartisan groups and the increase in the tendency toward issues due to the departure from political parties..
In the 1960sVietnam WarAgainst the backdrop of new issues such as racial issues, the number of voters who raise issues rather than their political parties in the criteria for candidate evaluation has increased...A voting model based on such voting behavior is called an issue voting model..
In the 1970s, when the Vietnam War and other issues deviated from major policy issues, the effectiveness of the issue voting model also declined.Instead, a performance voting model has emerged that shows that a rough evaluation of the administration's performance influences voting behavior...This performance evaluation model does not conflict with the political party attribution model, but is a voting behavior model that incorporates the perspective of performance evaluation into the party attribution model..
In Japan, the nonpartisan class was about 1960% of voters until the latter half of the 1s...After that, from the 1970s to the early 1990s, the nonpartisan group accounted for about 2% to 3% of the voters, but it was a minority compared to the political party supporters...However, the number of independents increased rapidly in the 1990s, and by the mid-1990s, independents accounted for around half of the voters..1991 Yamanashi Prefectural Governor ElectionThere is no political party recommendation or supportAmano KenWas elected after defeating a former vice-governor candidate supported by the four major political parties, and was later called the "nonpartisan governor".again,1995ToTokyo Governor ElectionとOsaka Governor ElectionIndependentAoshima YukioとYokoyama knockWas elected and the independents came to the fore when the candidates for the established political parties were defeated.In the same year, "independents"New Word/Buzzword AwardWas selected for the annual grand prize.
The increase in independents in the 1990s is internationallyCold WarThe end of the structure, domestically55 yearsIt is said that the cause is the cognitive dissonance of voters due to the division of political parties after the collapse of the party and the formation of a new party...In addition, repeated corruption and distrust of politicians are increasing voters' indifference to politics, and in the case of low turnout.Organization voteIt is also mentioned that many people think that going to the election itself is meaningless because there are many cases where the political party that wins the election wins.The extreme diversification of individual values also makes it difficult to support a particular political party.
Not all of the nonpartisan groups that increased in the 1990s have low political interests, and some voters have political interests and go to vote, so the whereabouts of nonpartisan votes greatly influence politics. Sometimes.2000 House of Representatives electionJust before, it was expected that independents would vote more for the opposition Democratic Party, so at that timeprime ministerMoriWas criticized by saying, "I hope the nonpartisan people are sleeping.".
Independents and election campaigns
When analyzing the voting behavior of independents, abstention, voting for political party candidates, and voting for independent candidates can be considered...Independent candidates are advantageous to voters who have a negative image of existing political parties, and candidates who are supported by political parties may also conduct election campaigns with less political party color.Also, as a measure to attract passive independents,Talent candidateMay be set up.ManyProportional representationUnrestrained roster ceremonyIt is placed in the candidate list of the candidate, and I expect the votes of its fans.
- Akikazu Hashimoto "Study of the non-partisan group who plays the leading role in the people's will" (Chuokoron-Shinsha)
- ^ a b c d e f g Fukashi Horie, "Basic Knowledge of Political Science and Administrative Studies, 2nd Edition", Ichigosha, 2007, p. 142
- ^ a b c Fukashi Horie, "Basic Knowledge of Political Science and Administrative Studies, 2nd Edition", Ichigosha, 2007, p. 143
- ^ Fukashi Horie, "Basic Knowledge of Political Science and Administrative Studies, 2nd Edition", Ichigosha, 2007, p. 134
- ^ Fukashi Horie, "Basic Knowledge of Political Science and Administrative Studies, 2nd Edition", Ichigesha, 2007, pp. 135-136
- ^ a b c d Fukashi Horie, "Basic Knowledge of Political Science and Administrative Studies, 2nd Edition", Ichigosha, 2007, p. 136
- ^ a b Fukashi Horie, "Basic Knowledge of Political Science and Administrative Studies, 2nd Edition", Ichigosha, 2007, p. 137
- ^ Fukashi Horie, "Basic Knowledge of Political Science and Administrative Studies, 2nd Edition", Ichigosha, 2007, p. 138
- ^ Prime Minister "If the nonpartisan sleeps, then correct it to reporters"June 2000, 6 NIKKEI NET Election News, viewed December 20, 2015.
- ^ Fukashi Horie, "Basic Knowledge of Political Science and Administrative Studies, 2nd Edition", Ichigesha, 2007, pp. 142-143
- 1st ward phenomenon
- Diversity of values
- Boat match
- Donald Duck Party
- Non-sect radical
- National Association for Peace, Democracy, and Innovation in Japan --With independentsJapan Communist PartyAn organization created for the purpose of collaborating with
- No supporting political party (political group) - Hidemitsu SanoThe name of a political organization established in 2013.
- Independents -Kotobank