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🏛 | Hokkaido seismic intensity XNUMX stronger government upgraded to official residence contact room


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Hokkaido seismic intensity XNUMX-strong, government upgrades to Prime Minister's Liaison Office

 
If you write the contents roughly
The Information Liaison Office of the Prime Minister's Official Residence has been upgraded to the Prime Minister's Liaison Office.
 

In response to an earthquake with a maximum seismic intensity of 5 upper in Hokkaido, the government set up a crisis management center at the Prime Minister's Office at 0:36. → Continue reading

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Prime Minister's Office

Prime Minister's Office(Cabinet is fine,British: Prime Minister's Official Residence)Japan OfPrime Minister Ofofficial residence.

The location isTokyoChiyodaNagata Town3-1-XNUMX.

Name

Formal name

Since there are multiple names of official residences, there are some typographical variations in official documents.

Prime Minister's Office
Act on Prohibition of Flight of Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, etc. Above the Area around Important FacilitiesArticle 2 paragraph 1 b[1]andCabinet SecretariatNotice of[2]In addition,Member of Parliament OfQuestion formGovernment response to[3][4],Ministry of Foreign Affairsnotice[5], Display of events held by other ministries[6][7]There is an example in.
Prime Minister's Office
1952Or later,Cabinet SecretariatOrganization OrdinanceArticle 2, Paragraph 1, Item 8 and Article 5, Paragraph 2[8]This notation is consistently used in the[9],2002Comprehension of the Cabinet on the development plan of the completed new official residence[10], There is an example to display the location of events organized by other ministries.The Constitution of JapanUnderCabinet Order-PrefectureMinisterial OrdinanceAll the notations in are this "Prime Minister's Office".

Popular name

Foreign Head OfficeIsThe United States of Americaof"White House"Franceof"Elysee Palace"Russiaof"Kremlin"United Kingdomof"Number 10"South Korea OfQingwatai,The Philippinesof"Malacanian PalaceThere are many things with unique nicknames such as ", but there is no such thing in the Prime Minister's Office of Japan.In most of the official residences of each country, nicknames are generally used in addition to the official names stipulated by law.In some countries, the official name is not clearly stated, and in some countries it is unknown in the first place.In addition, there are many cases where the nickname has been promoted to the official name.[11].. On the second floorprime minister,Chief Cabinet Secretary Press conferencePress conference room on the 4th floorMinisterThe ministerial drawing room, which is used as a meeting place forCabinetCabinet room, whereSummit meetingThe "Prime Minister's Office" is known as the special reception room used for such purposes, the Prime Minister's Office, the Prime Minister's Office, the Chief Cabinet Secretary's Office, and the Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary's Office on the 5th floor.Cabinet SecretariatIt is also used as a common name for[12][13]..Although the name "Prime Minister's Office" is rarely used in official documents,News agencyIt is an expression that is often used in.Also, the official residence of the official residenceサイトFrom the time it was openedPrime Minister's official homepageIs written[14]..Rather, it is a minority that hard official names such as "Prime Minister's Office" are used as in Japan.[15].

But,Koizumi administrationFrom the old days Prime Minister's Office of Japan Translated literally[16], Official Residence of the Prime Minister Free translation[17]Instead of, the word "kanjo", which is a general noun changed to a proper noun, is used as it is.RomajiMade a notation Kantei Began to actively disseminate to outside Japan.Today this Kantei isThe United States of AmericaThen.White HouseIt is a general-purpose word that appears frequently on the official website of.The English notation on the official website of the official residence is Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet Has become[18][19].

The current official residence

It is unclear which building was used as the early Prime Minister's Office, but after the completion of the former Prime Minister's Office in 1929, the prime minister's office was set up there.It was decided to build a new official residence due to aging, and it was built from 1999 to 2002. The current official residence was completed in 2002 and has been in use since April 2002, 4.

5 floors above ground, 1 floor below groundSteel reinforced concreteIn structure,Seismic intensity 7It is designed to withstand.On the 5th floor, which is the top floor, the Prime Minister,Deputy Prime Minister,Chief Cabinet Secretary,Deputy Secretary-General, Cabinet SecretariatOffice, on the 4th floorCabinetRoom,CabinetOffice,SummitThere are rooms and special reception rooms, and office functions are concentrated on these two layers. 2rd floorofficeとEntrancehole, On the 2th floorReception hallとGuestThere is a room. The first floorPress conferenceRoomPress clubThere are public relations facilities such as.The basementCrisis Management CenterHas become[20]. Also,Cabinet OfficeUnderground leading to the government buildingtunnelThere is, on the roofheliportIs installed[21].. In August 2014, a circulating artificial pond in the front yard of the official residence was reclaimed due to aging equipment and became a green space that can also be used as a heliport.[22].

At the official residenceCabinet,National Security CouncilImportant conferences on national affairs will be held[23].. Besides thisForeign countriesHeadな どLeaderUsed as a place for meetings with and commendations for meritorious people[24].

Because it is built on a slope, the west entrance is on the first floor, but the east entrance is on the third floor.The 'grand staircase' where commemorative photos of cabinet ministers are held after the formation of the cabinet is the staircase that descends from the 1rd floor to the 3nd floor.[25].On the same premises,Prime Minister's official residence, Chief Cabinet Secretary's residence, Cabinet dormitory, temporary accommodation for crisis management, etc.[20]..The official residence and the official residence are connected by eaves.

CounterterrorismAs during construction workSanno Park Tower,Capitol Tokyu Hotel such asHigh-rise buildingIs adjacent to the new official residence, and the official residence has changed the design to remove the windows from the side facing the skyscrapers, and requested the skyscrapers to repair so that the windows facing the official residence do not open. bottom.In addition, the site is more than 5 meters highconcreteMadeProtective wallIt is surrounded by.Security inside the official residence is usually performed by the official residence police officer, but since the official residence police officer is only an official residence officer,HandgunSuch asarmsIs not allowed to carry.In addition, the security of the official residence is about 100 people in total.Metropolitan Police Department Prime Minister's Official Residence GuardIs going.Security around the official residenceMetropolitan Police Departmentriot policeNine battalions are in charge of turning around,銃とCane as a weirEquipped with a mobile on the road in front of the official residence金属MadebarricadeWe are guarding by installing.Firearms other than pistols are equipped on nearby special vehicles, but the type is a top secret matter.[26].

Decorated in the official residenceA painting,彫刻Is not only the collection of the official residence office,Agency for Cultural AffairsBorrowed free of charge viaDay exhibitionSelected works are included.

In the official residenceCafeteriaand employees can eat without leaving the house.

The Prime Minister's official residence does not go through the InternetLeased lineTied with[27].

Crisis Management Center

A crisis management center has been set up in the basement of the current official residence and has been in operation since April 2002, 4.[28].Official Residence Crisis Management Center,Cabinet Crisis Management CenterIs called[29].

1995 Year of 1 MonthGreat Hanshin-Awaji EarthquakeAt the time of occurrenceMurayama CabinetLacked information gathering and prompt response to the disaster.Also, in March of the same yearAum ShinrikyobySubway Sarin caseThen, the underdeveloped crisis management system was revealed again. February 96,First Hashimoto CabinetEstablished a crisis management team in the Cabinet SecretariatCabinet Secretariat6 roomsOfficialsBut,positiveDeputy Secretary-GeneralAt the same time, it was decided to respond in the event of an emergency.Then, in May of the same year, a crisis management center was set up in the Prime Minister's Office to collect information 5 hours a day.[30]. The official name isCabinet Intelligence and Research OfficeSo, in the event of an emergency, the prime minister and ministers will gather at the center.[31]..The centerCabinet Information Research OfficeThere are 5 members in a group of 20 members operating 24 hours a day.Large-scale disaster,terrorismIn case of an emergency such asNational Police Agency,Fire department,Japan Coast Guard,Japanese Meteorological Agency,SDFWithhotlineIs also installed.Usually, it is convened due to a large-scale disaster or military movements of neighboring countries, and a "countermeasure headquarters" is set up.HeadquartersPrime Ministerso,"Cabinet Crisis Management"Is also placed.Prime ministerLess than,Chief Cabinet Secretary,Minister in charge, In case of emergencyJoint Chief of StaffAlong with these, the Deputy Chief Cabinet Crisis Management Supervisor is in charge of the staff of related ministries and agencies.Deputy Chief Cabinet Crisis Management has beenPolice bureaucracyIs customarily appointed[26].

The center is eachMinistry-News agency-Private public institutionInformation collected from the Prime Minister, Prime MinisterChief Cabinet Secretary-Deputy Secretary-General, Cabinet Secretariat-Cabinet Crisis ManagementBy contacting immediately, etc.Large-scale disaster,terrorismWe have established an initial response system for the Cabinet in response to emergencies such as[32]..The Cabinet Intelligence and Research Office was established in the Prime Minister's Office after reflecting on the fact that the government's response to the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in January 95 was terrible.[33].. In March 98,Cabinet Crisis ManagementBecomeDeputy Secretary-General, Cabinet SecretariatI set up a considerable job. Since April 2001, the center has been under the command of the Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary and Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary.[30].

In the event of an emergency, the Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary will be assigned to the center depending on the situation.Information contact room,Official Residence Contact Room,Government office measures roomTo install[34]..After installation, the information liaison office may be reorganized into the official residence countermeasures office depending on the situation.After setting up the countermeasure room, etc., depending on the situation,CabinetTo政府 OfHeadquartersIs installed[35]..The center's executive room is centrally the place where the government effectively takes command of disaster response.Cabinet Crisis Management,Assistant Chief Cabinet Secretary for Situation Response and Crisis Management,Minister for disaster prevention,Nuclear Regulatory Agency,SDF,Fire department,National Police AgencyThere is a round table where executives of each ministry and agency are lined up, and various information flows at the front desk.screenThere is, behind the executive seatCabinet CounselorSeats lined up,headsetPut onCabinet Secretariat staffIs resident[36]..To prevent these functions from being lost even in the event of a large-scale disasterSeismic safetyIs secured, and measures are taken against the disconnection of electricity, gas, water, etc.[37].

Outline

  • Site area: 4 square meters
  • Building size: Site 90m x 50m, Height 35m
  • Total floor area: 2 square meters
  • Structure: 5 floors above ground, 1 floor below ground
  • Cabinet decision to rebuild: 1987 (62),3st Nakasone Cabinetat that time
  • Construction groundbreaking ceremony: May 1999, 11Obuchi First Remodeling Cabinetat that time
  • New official residence opening (tape cut): April 2002, 14,1st Koizumi Cabinetat that time
  • Construction cost: 435 billion yen (total construction cost: approx. 700 billion yen)
  • design:Minister of Construction Secretariat Government department

Gallery

History

Early official residence

According to the Prime Minister's Office homepage, "OriginallyMinisterGovernment building.CabinetIt was used from the inception of the system until 1929 when the old official residence was completed. Western style wooden two-story"[38].. The floor area was 723.229 tsubo (approximately 2,390 ㎡), boasting one of the largest ministerial buildings around 1890.[39].. 1923 (Taisho 12)Great Kanto EarthquakeSo next toRepublic of ChinaAlthough the legation was hit by fire, the government building escaped[40].. However, a paper investigating the details of the Taisei Ministerial Office (Fujiki, 2007)[41]Then, the Prime Minister's office was the Prime Minister since 1878 (Meiji 11)Mimi SanjoWith the establishment of the Cabinet System in 1885 (Meiji 18)MinisterBecame a Sanjo official residence, and from 1888 (Meiji 21)Privy CouncilIt was said to have been used as an office of. In the first place, it is known that the Taisei Ministerial Office is a "Japanese-Western style parallel type style consisting of a two-story brick-built Western-style building and a later-built Japanese-style building," with different architectural styles.[41], The current locationHouses of ParliamentWas located near the front yard of[41].

For this reason, there are many uncertainties about the buildings used before the construction of the old residence.

Old official residence

TaishoFrom the endShowaIt became popular in the early daysア ー ル デ コ,表現 主義Architecture that is said to have cultural value that incorporates architectural styles such as. OldImperial HotelKnown for designing the main buildingFrank Lloyd WrightIt was called the light style because it was similar to the design of, but the actual design was at that timeMinistry of FinanceWas the chief of the second drafting sectionShimomotoren.

The old official residence building is on the premisesHikiyaFrom 2005 (Heisei 17) after moving and repairing due to constructionPrime Minister's official residenceIs used as[42].

History of the site

The site of the official residence is17st centuryIn the latter half, the south side of the siteEchigo Murakami DomainNaito familyNakayashikiAnd the north side of the site isFlag bookFrom the mansionShinano Iiyama Clan Honda FamilyUpper house,Tangomine Mountain ClanKyogoku familyIt moved to the upper mansion.Meiji RestorationLater, temporarily,Hitotsubashi Tokugawa familyUsed byMeiji 3ToNabeshima familyBecame the property of. Nabeshima HouseGreat Kanto EarthquakeSuffered more damage fromReconstruction BureauSold to.1926(15th year of Taisho), former Nabeshima mansion (former site of former Nabeshima House)Kojimachi WardThe Prime Minister's Office will be newly established at 1929-chome, Nagatacho).The old official residence was completed in 4 (Showa XNUMX).At that time, it was called the "Prime Minister's official residence", and at the gatenameplateWas hanging.

Outline

  • Completed on March 1929, 4
  • 4 stories reinforced concrete (3 floors above ground, 1 floor below ground)
  • Total floor area: 7000 square meters
  • Design: Ministry of Finance, Management and Administration Bureau (Person in charge: Shimomotoren)

Anecdote

In front of the Prime Minister's office記者 OfCoverageWas being done.In the current official residencesecurityDue to the above, the coverage space and the office area are separated.again,Deputy Prime MinisterThere was also an office, but it was rarely used because it had a low ceiling and a feeling of oppression, and most of the deputy prime ministers of the pastPrime Minister's OfficeHad an office in.

In the official residence when a serious incident occursSmall dining roomBut"Crisis Management CenterThe current official residence has a dedicated "crisis management center".

The west stairs on the first floorCabinetAt times, it was widely known as a place for cabinet ministers to take commemorative photos.[25]. 1993, for the first time in about 40 yearsRegime changeBecame the owner of the official residence inHosokawa GokiIt is,Liberal Democratic Party administrationHe brought various new styles to the Prime Minister's Office, which was the stronghold of the city.In the ministerial commemorative photo taken after the formation of the cabinet, the new ministers did not look at the red carpet on the west stairs on the first floor, but on the lawn in the courtyard.wine glassAfter talking with one hand, the ministers were lined up in front of the hedge and a commemorative photo was taken.[43].. In the office of the Prime Minister, the walls are made to repaint from corner to corner, assuming that the walls are dead landscape. The Prime Minister,Chief Cabinet Secretary OfPress conferenceWhile standing behind the podiumprompterIt was Hosokawa who switched to the Western style of using.

Tojo HidekiDuring my tenure, there was a room for a radio speech.Pacific War(Greater East Asian War)It is said that the speech at the beginning of the war was also given here.During the war there was an underground tunnel for the Prime Ministers to escape from the official residence.again,60 years securityAnd the official residenceProtestersWhen surrounded byShinsuke KishiEscaped from this tunnel,Inagawa Tobuof"Novel yoshida school] Is written. There was a theory that some of them were "remained after excavation", but in realityHigh growth period OfsubwayConstruction and surroundingUrban redevelopmentIt had been demolished in.

Unlike other government offices, there was no room name display, and the official residence had a maze-like structure.Successive Prime MinistersWas often lost at the official residence.

事件

Emergency official residence function

TokyoTachikawaIt is inTachikawa wide area disaster prevention baseInsideCabinet OfficeDisaster Countermeasures Headquarters Reserve Facility is set up[47].Tokyo BayThe north is the epicenterSouthern Kanto EarthquakeIn the event of a large-scale disaster, a national emergency headed by the Prime MinisterDisaster Countermeasures HeadquartersWhen setting up the official residence,Central Joint Government Building No. 8,Ministry of Defense(Central command postIf any of the above is damaged and cannot be used as an emergency disaster response headquarters, the emergency disaster response headquarters will be installed at the disaster response headquarters backup facility approximately 30 km west of the city center and will serve as a temporary base for countermeasures. The function of the official residence may also be temporarily evacuated[48].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ Prime Minister's OfficeAnd the official residences of the Prime Minister and Chief Cabinet Secretary
  2. ^ Designation of the site of the Prime Minister's Office and the Prime Minister's Office Secretary's Office and the surrounding area based on the Flight Prohibition Law for Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, etc.
  3. ^ "An answer to the question regarding the departure and departure of the Prime Minister by Mr. Muneo Suzuki, a member of the House of Representatives"[1]
  4. ^ "Government's answer to the question about the suicide case of the Consulate General of Shanghai submitted by Muneo Suzuki, a member of the House of Representatives"[2]
  5. ^ There are no examples before 1979, and there are 1990 cases from 2007 to September 9. In addition, from 26 to 1978, there were nine cases of "Prime Minister's Office" and one case of "Prime Minister's Office".
  6. ^ Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications "Minister for Prime Ministers and Local Government Support Roundtables"[3]
    Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries "18 Prime Minister's Commendation for Greenery Promotion Campaign"[4]
  7. ^ Use of 17 "Prime Minister's Office", 2 "Prime Minister's Office", 2 "Prime Minister's Office", and 1 "Prime Minister's Office" in documents related to various commendations by the Prime Minister, including those sponsored by other ministries. An example is confirmed in the official bulletin up to September 2007 under the Constitution of Japan.In addition, in the documents related to local autonomy during the Ministry of Home Affairs, 9 cases of "Prime Minister's Office", 20 cases of "Prime Minister's Office", and 7 cases of "Prime Minister's Office" are confirmed in the official bulletin.Although it did not appear in the laws and regulations under the Constitution of Japan (more than the ministerial ordinance), in general, it is a general rule for public organizations to use the formal name, and this notation with the official name added to the official name is the most. It can be said that it had a public character.Therefore, the official name of the official residence is "Prime Minister's OfficeIt is.
  8. ^ "Cabinet Secretariat Ordinance, Article 2, Paragraph 1, Item 8 and Article 5, Paragraph 2"[5]
  9. ^ "Appointment by the House of Councilors Mr. Yutaka Hata to answer questions regarding the Korean aircraft shooting down incident and the government's crisis management and information management system"[6]
  10. ^ Understanding of Cabinet Meeting dated May 1977, 5 "On the development of the Prime Minister's residence"
  11. ^ President of the United StatesThe official name of the prefecture was initially "Executive Office"(Executive Mansion)However, it was nicknamed "White House" from early on because of the color tone of the paint.Therefore, taking the opportunity of the extension in 1906, this nickname was made the official name "Washington White House".(White House – Washington) Has been renamed.
  12. ^ Britannica International Encyclopedia Sub-item Encyclopedia "Prime Minister's Office",XNUMX. Cabinet Secretariat and Cabinet Office | Prime Minister's work
  13. ^ "Prime Minister's Office" is like the official residence homepage,Prime MinisterとCabinet SecretariatIt is also used as a general term for staff.To support that,English editionAndChinese version of the official residence homepageThen, it means the official residence as the building where the Prime Minister works Prime Minister's Office Not consisting of the Prime Minister and the official staffJapanese CabinetMeans Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet From the fact that the logo is used, it can be seen that not only the function as the government building where the Prime Minister works, but also the organization consisting of the Prime Minister and the secretariat staff is commonly called the "Prime Minister's Office".
  14. ^ Prime Minister's Office homepage at the time of opening
  15. ^ Germanyof"Federal Chancellery"Republic of Chinaof"Presidential Office"Such.
  16. ^ Prime Minister's official homepage
  17. ^ Names of Government Organizations and Positions, December 2008,Cabinet Secretariat Website(Retrieved September 2017, 3)
  18. ^ Prime Minister's Office Homepage English Version
  19. ^ Prime Minister's Office Homepage Chinese Version
  20. ^ a b Prime Minister's Office Development Review Committee "Development Policy for New Prime Minister's Office for Construction of New Prime Minister's Office" (August 1998, 8)
  21. ^ Occasionally, takeoff and landing training of the Land, Air, and Air Self Defense Force helicopter is conducted.
  22. ^ Used as a heliport in case of emergency. Prime Minister's Palace front yard is in a green space (14/08/23)
  23. ^ weblio dictionary
  24. ^ Prime minister's residence
  25. ^ a b “A photo shoot during the remodeling of the cabinet, at the former official residence for the first time in 21 years”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun(July 2022, 8). https://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXZQOUA109E60Q2A810C2000000/ April 2022, 9Browse. 
  26. ^ a b Tetsuo Takashima"Attack on the official residence" (PHP Institute, June 2018)
  27. ^ "``It's online, but it's strange,'' ``Showa?'' Prime Minister Kishida's unnatural interview on the Internet: Tokyo Shimbun TOKYO Web”(Japanese). Tokyo Shimbun TOKYO Web. April 2022, 8Browse.
  28. ^ "6th Disaster Basic Plan Special Survey Committee Handouts Report on recent movements"Central disaster prevention conference, May 2002, 5. Retrieved September 10, 2018.
  29. ^ "The 180th Diet session, Budget Committee Meeting Minutes No. 24April 2012, 4. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  30. ^ a b Chiezo"Crisis Management Center, Written by Muneyuki Shindo, Professor, Faculty of Law and Economics, Chiba University, 2007.
  31. ^ Crisis Management Center | Current Glossary | Information / Knowledge & Opinion imidas --Imidas
  32. ^ "Cabinet Intelligence and Research Office』- Koto bank
  33. ^ "Federal Crisis Management Agency』- Koto bank
  34. ^ "National crisis management and the role of the Meteorological Agency”Meteorological disaster prevention advisor training Disaster prevention weather information course materials, March 2018, 3. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
  35. ^ "Assistant Secretary of the Cabinet SecretariatHomepage of Cabinet Secretariat. Retrieved September 2018, 9.
  36. ^ "Special Skills Meeting" No. 264 JPO Technical Meeting p.72
  37. ^ "About the start of operation of the new official residence crisis management center". Cabinet Office. April 2021, 11Browse.
  38. ^ Entire residence -Former Prime Minister's official residence virtual tour
  39. ^ Tatsuya Fujiki, Yoshiyuki Kawato, ``About the government offices of each ministry in the middle of the Meiji era as shown in "List of assets owned by each ministry"』"Architectural Institute of Japan Planning Papers" 2009 Volume 74 639 p.1173-1182, two:10.3130 / aija.74.1173
  40. ^ Diary of Taisho XNUMXth year -Documents related to Yuzaburo Kuratomi
  41. ^ a b c Tatsuya Fujiki, Yoshiyuki Kawato, Kenji Saito, "Foreign Minister's Office and Taisei Ministerial Office in the early Meiji Period』"Architectural Institute of Japan Planning Papers" 2007 Volume 72 621 p.187-194, two:10.3130 / aija.72.187_4
  42. ^ "Prime Minister's Office (former official residence)”. Prime Minister's Office homepage. April 2020, 10Browse.
  43. ^ The 79th Cabinet "Hosokawa Cabinet" Prime Minister's official website
  44. ^ Naughty US soldiers in the city center Illumination bullets for the Prime Minister's Office "Asahi Shimbun" June 1979, 54, evening edition, 6rd edition, 9th page
  45. ^ “Cabinet Secretary Suspects Extortion Attempts, Metropolitan Police Department, Searches Prime Minister's Residence”. 47NEWSKyodo News (National News Agency). (October 2010, 10). http://www.47news.jp/CN/201010/CN2010102901000990.html April 2015, 4Browse. 
  46. ^ Kenji Masakame (April 2015, 4). “"Impact" of a drone fall on the Prime Minister's office". NHK NEWS WEB.NHK. April 2015, 4Browse.[Broken link]
  47. ^ Disaster prevention facilities under the jurisdiction of the Cabinet Office | Disaster prevention information
  48. ^ Disaster Prevention Basic Plan: Disaster Prevention Information Page-Cabinet Office

References

Related item

外部 リンク

Prime Minister's Office

Prime Minister's Office(Cabinet is fine,British: Prime Minister's Official Residence)Japan OfPrime Minister Ofofficial residence.

The location isTokyoChiyodaNagata Town3-1-XNUMX.

Name

Formal name

Since there are multiple names of official residences, there are some typographical variations in official documents.

Prime Minister's Office
Act on Prohibition of Flight of Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, etc. Above the Area around Important FacilitiesArticle 2 paragraph 1 b[1]andCabinet SecretariatNotice of[2]In addition,Member of Parliament OfQuestion formGovernment response to[3][4],Ministry of Foreign Affairsnotice[5], Display of events held by other ministries[6][7]There is an example in.
Prime Minister's Office
1952Or later,Cabinet SecretariatOrganization OrdinanceArticle 2, Paragraph 1, Item 8 and Article 5, Paragraph 2[8]This notation is consistently used in the[9],2002Comprehension of the Cabinet on the development plan of the completed new official residence[10], There is an example to display the location of events organized by other ministries.The Constitution of JapanUnderCabinet Order-PrefectureMinisterial OrdinanceAll the notations in are this "Prime Minister's Office".

Popular name

Foreign Head OfficeIsThe United States of Americaof"White House"Franceof"Elysee Palace"Russiaof"Kremlin"United Kingdomof"Number 10"South Korea OfQingwatai,The Philippinesof"Malacanian PalaceThere are many things with unique nicknames such as ", but there is no such thing in the Prime Minister's Office of Japan.In most of the official residences of each country, nicknames are generally used in addition to the official names stipulated by law.In some countries, the official name is not clearly stated, and in some countries it is unknown in the first place.In addition, there are many cases where the nickname has been promoted to the official name.[11].. On the second floorprime minister,Chief Cabinet Secretary Press conferencePress conference room on the 4th floorMinisterThe ministerial drawing room, which is used as a meeting place forCabinetCabinet room, whereSummit meetingThe "Prime Minister's Office" is known as the special reception room used for such purposes, the Prime Minister's Office, the Prime Minister's Office, the Chief Cabinet Secretary's Office, and the Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary's Office on the 5th floor.Cabinet SecretariatIt is also used as a common name for[12][13]..Although the name "Prime Minister's Office" is rarely used in official documents,News agencyIt is an expression that is often used in.Also, the official residence of the official residenceサイトFrom the time it was openedPrime Minister's official homepageIs written[14]..Rather, it is a minority that hard official names such as "Prime Minister's Office" are used as in Japan.[15].

But,Koizumi administrationFrom the old days Prime Minister's Office of Japan Translated literally[16], Official Residence of the Prime Minister Free translation[17]Instead of, the word "kanjo", which is a general noun changed to a proper noun, is used as it is.RomajiMade a notation Kantei Began to actively disseminate to outside Japan.Today this Kantei isThe United States of AmericaThen.White HouseIt is a general-purpose word that appears frequently on the official website of.The English notation on the official website of the official residence is Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet Has become[18][19].

The current official residence

It is unclear which building was used as the early Prime Minister's Office, but after the completion of the former Prime Minister's Office in 1929, the prime minister's office was set up there.It was decided to build a new official residence due to aging, and it was built from 1999 to 2002. The current official residence was completed in 2002 and has been in use since April 2002, 4.

5 floors above ground, 1 floor below groundSteel reinforced concreteIn structure,Seismic intensity 7It is designed to withstand.On the 5th floor, which is the top floor, the Prime Minister,Deputy Prime Minister,Chief Cabinet Secretary,Deputy Secretary-General, Cabinet SecretariatOffice, on the 4th floorCabinetRoom,CabinetOffice,SummitThere are rooms and special reception rooms, and office functions are concentrated on these two layers. 2rd floorofficeとEntrancehole, On the 2th floorReception hallとGuestThere is a room. The first floorPress conferenceRoomPress clubThere are public relations facilities such as.The basementCrisis Management CenterHas become[20]. Also,Cabinet OfficeUnderground leading to the government buildingtunnelThere is, on the roofheliportIs installed[21].. In August 2014, a circulating artificial pond in the front yard of the official residence was reclaimed due to aging equipment and became a green space that can also be used as a heliport.[22].

At the official residenceCabinet,National Security CouncilImportant conferences on national affairs will be held[23].. Besides thisForeign countriesHeadな どLeaderUsed as a place for meetings with and commendations for meritorious people[24].

Because it is built on a slope, the west entrance is on the first floor, but the east entrance is on the third floor.The 'grand staircase' where commemorative photos of cabinet ministers are held after the formation of the cabinet is the staircase that descends from the 1rd floor to the 3nd floor.[25].On the same premises,Prime Minister's official residence, Chief Cabinet Secretary's residence, Cabinet dormitory, temporary accommodation for crisis management, etc.[20]..The official residence and the official residence are connected by eaves.

CounterterrorismAs during construction workSanno Park Tower,Capitol Tokyu Hotel such asHigh-rise buildingIs adjacent to the new official residence, and the official residence has changed the design to remove the windows from the side facing the skyscrapers, and requested the skyscrapers to repair so that the windows facing the official residence do not open. bottom.In addition, the site is more than 5 meters highconcreteMadeProtective wallIt is surrounded by.Security inside the official residence is usually performed by the official residence police officer, but since the official residence police officer is only an official residence officer,HandgunSuch asarmsIs not allowed to carry.In addition, the security of the official residence is about 100 people in total.Metropolitan Police Department Prime Minister's Official Residence GuardIs going.Security around the official residenceMetropolitan Police Departmentriot policeNine battalions are in charge of turning around,銃とCane as a weirEquipped with a mobile on the road in front of the official residence金属MadebarricadeWe are guarding by installing.Firearms other than pistols are equipped on nearby special vehicles, but the type is a top secret matter.[26].

Decorated in the official residenceA painting,彫刻Is not only the collection of the official residence office,Agency for Cultural AffairsBorrowed free of charge viaDay exhibitionSelected works are included.

In the official residenceCafeteriaand employees can eat without leaving the house.

The Prime Minister's official residence does not go through the InternetLeased lineTied with[27].

Crisis Management Center

A crisis management center has been set up in the basement of the current official residence and has been in operation since April 2002, 4.[28].Official Residence Crisis Management Center,Cabinet Crisis Management CenterIs called[29].

1995 Year of 1 MonthGreat Hanshin-Awaji EarthquakeAt the time of occurrenceMurayama CabinetLacked information gathering and prompt response to the disaster.Also, in March of the same yearAum ShinrikyobySubway Sarin caseThen, the underdeveloped crisis management system was revealed again. February 96,First Hashimoto CabinetEstablished a crisis management team in the Cabinet SecretariatCabinet Secretariat6 roomsOfficialsBut,positiveDeputy Secretary-GeneralAt the same time, it was decided to respond in the event of an emergency.Then, in May of the same year, a crisis management center was set up in the Prime Minister's Office to collect information 5 hours a day.[30]. The official name isCabinet Intelligence and Research OfficeSo, in the event of an emergency, the prime minister and ministers will gather at the center.[31]..The centerCabinet Information Research OfficeThere are 5 members in a group of 20 members operating 24 hours a day.Large-scale disaster,terrorismIn case of an emergency such asNational Police Agency,Fire department,Japan Coast Guard,Japanese Meteorological Agency,SDFWithhotlineIs also installed.Usually, it is convened due to a large-scale disaster or military movements of neighboring countries, and a "countermeasure headquarters" is set up.HeadquartersPrime Ministerso,"Cabinet Crisis Management"Is also placed.Prime ministerLess than,Chief Cabinet Secretary,Minister in charge, In case of emergencyJoint Chief of StaffAlong with these, the Deputy Chief Cabinet Crisis Management Supervisor is in charge of the staff of related ministries and agencies.Deputy Chief Cabinet Crisis Management has beenPolice bureaucracyIs customarily appointed[26].

The center is eachMinistry-News agency-Private public institutionInformation collected from the Prime Minister, Prime MinisterChief Cabinet Secretary-Deputy Secretary-General, Cabinet Secretariat-Cabinet Crisis ManagementBy contacting immediately, etc.Large-scale disaster,terrorismWe have established an initial response system for the Cabinet in response to emergencies such as[32]..The Cabinet Intelligence and Research Office was established in the Prime Minister's Office after reflecting on the fact that the government's response to the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in January 95 was terrible.[33].. In March 98,Cabinet Crisis ManagementBecomeDeputy Secretary-General, Cabinet SecretariatI set up a considerable job. Since April 2001, the center has been under the command of the Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary and Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary.[30].

In the event of an emergency, the Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary will be assigned to the center depending on the situation.Information contact room,Official Residence Contact Room,Government office measures roomTo install[34]..After installation, the information liaison office may be reorganized into the official residence countermeasures office depending on the situation.After setting up the countermeasure room, etc., depending on the situation,CabinetTo政府 OfHeadquartersIs installed[35]..The center's executive room is centrally the place where the government effectively takes command of disaster response.Cabinet Crisis Management,Assistant Chief Cabinet Secretary for Situation Response and Crisis Management,Minister for disaster prevention,Nuclear Regulatory Agency,SDF,Fire department,National Police AgencyThere is a round table where executives of each ministry and agency are lined up, and various information flows at the front desk.screenThere is, behind the executive seatCabinet CounselorSeats lined up,headsetPut onCabinet Secretariat staffIs resident[36]..To prevent these functions from being lost even in the event of a large-scale disasterSeismic safetyIs secured, and measures are taken against the disconnection of electricity, gas, water, etc.[37].

Outline

  • Site area: 4 square meters
  • Building size: Site 90m x 50m, Height 35m
  • Total floor area: 2 square meters
  • Structure: 5 floors above ground, 1 floor below ground
  • Cabinet decision to rebuild: 1987 (62),3st Nakasone Cabinetat that time
  • Construction groundbreaking ceremony: May 1999, 11Obuchi First Remodeling Cabinetat that time
  • New official residence opening (tape cut): April 2002, 14,1st Koizumi Cabinetat that time
  • Construction cost: 435 billion yen (total construction cost: approx. 700 billion yen)
  • design:Minister of Construction Secretariat Government department

Gallery

History

Early official residence

According to the Prime Minister's Office homepage, "OriginallyMinisterGovernment building.CabinetIt was used from the inception of the system until 1929 when the old official residence was completed. Western style wooden two-story"[38].. The floor area was 723.229 tsubo (approximately 2,390 ㎡), boasting one of the largest ministerial buildings around 1890.[39].. 1923 (Taisho 12)Great Kanto EarthquakeSo next toRepublic of ChinaAlthough the legation was hit by fire, the government building escaped[40].. However, a paper investigating the details of the Taisei Ministerial Office (Fujiki, 2007)[41]Then, the Prime Minister's office was the Prime Minister since 1878 (Meiji 11)Mimi SanjoWith the establishment of the Cabinet System in 1885 (Meiji 18)MinisterBecame a Sanjo official residence, and from 1888 (Meiji 21)Privy CouncilIt was said to have been used as an office of. In the first place, it is known that the Taisei Ministerial Office is a "Japanese-Western style parallel type style consisting of a two-story brick-built Western-style building and a later-built Japanese-style building," with different architectural styles.[41], The current locationHouses of ParliamentWas located near the front yard of[41].

For this reason, there are many uncertainties about the buildings used before the construction of the old residence.

Old official residence

TaishoFrom the endShowaIt became popular in the early daysア ー ル デ コ,表現 主義Architecture that is said to have cultural value that incorporates architectural styles such as. OldImperial HotelKnown for designing the main buildingFrank Lloyd WrightIt was called the light style because it was similar to the design of, but the actual design was at that timeMinistry of FinanceWas the chief of the second drafting sectionShimomotoren.

The old official residence building is on the premisesHikiyaFrom 2005 (Heisei 17) after moving and repairing due to constructionPrime Minister's official residenceIs used as[42].

History of the site

The site of the official residence is17st centuryIn the latter half, the south side of the siteEchigo Murakami DomainNaito familyNakayashikiAnd the north side of the site isFlag bookFrom the mansionShinano Iiyama Clan Honda FamilyUpper house,Tangomine Mountain ClanKyogoku familyIt moved to the upper mansion.Meiji RestorationLater, temporarily,Hitotsubashi Tokugawa familyUsed byMeiji 3ToNabeshima familyBecame the property of. Nabeshima HouseGreat Kanto EarthquakeSuffered more damage fromReconstruction BureauSold to.1926(15th year of Taisho), former Nabeshima mansion (former site of former Nabeshima House)Kojimachi WardThe Prime Minister's Office will be newly established at 1929-chome, Nagatacho).The old official residence was completed in 4 (Showa XNUMX).At that time, it was called the "Prime Minister's official residence", and at the gatenameplateWas hanging.

Outline

  • Completed on March 1929, 4
  • 4 stories reinforced concrete (3 floors above ground, 1 floor below ground)
  • Total floor area: 7000 square meters
  • Design: Ministry of Finance, Management and Administration Bureau (Person in charge: Shimomotoren)

Anecdote

In front of the Prime Minister's office記者 OfCoverageWas being done.In the current official residencesecurityDue to the above, the coverage space and the office area are separated.again,Deputy Prime MinisterThere was also an office, but it was rarely used because it had a low ceiling and a feeling of oppression, and most of the deputy prime ministers of the pastPrime Minister's OfficeHad an office in.

In the official residence when a serious incident occursSmall dining roomBut"Crisis Management CenterThe current official residence has a dedicated "crisis management center".

The west stairs on the first floorCabinetAt times, it was widely known as a place for cabinet ministers to take commemorative photos.[25]. 1993, for the first time in about 40 yearsRegime changeBecame the owner of the official residence inHosokawa GokiIt is,Liberal Democratic Party administrationHe brought various new styles to the Prime Minister's Office, which was the stronghold of the city.In the ministerial commemorative photo taken after the formation of the cabinet, the new ministers did not look at the red carpet on the west stairs on the first floor, but on the lawn in the courtyard.wine glassAfter talking with one hand, the ministers were lined up in front of the hedge and a commemorative photo was taken.[43].. In the office of the Prime Minister, the walls are made to repaint from corner to corner, assuming that the walls are dead landscape. The Prime Minister,Chief Cabinet Secretary OfPress conferenceWhile standing behind the podiumprompterIt was Hosokawa who switched to the Western style of using.

Tojo HidekiDuring my tenure, there was a room for a radio speech.Pacific War(Greater East Asian War)It is said that the speech at the beginning of the war was also given here.During the war there was an underground tunnel for the Prime Ministers to escape from the official residence.again,60 years securityAnd the official residenceProtestersWhen surrounded byShinsuke KishiEscaped from this tunnel,Inagawa Tobuof"Novel yoshida school] Is written. There was a theory that some of them were "remained after excavation", but in realityHigh growth period OfsubwayConstruction and surroundingUrban redevelopmentIt had been demolished in.

Unlike other government offices, there was no room name display, and the official residence had a maze-like structure.Successive Prime MinistersWas often lost at the official residence.

事件

Emergency official residence function

TokyoTachikawaIt is inTachikawa wide area disaster prevention baseInsideCabinet OfficeDisaster Countermeasures Headquarters Reserve Facility is set up[47].Tokyo BayThe north is the epicenterSouthern Kanto EarthquakeIn the event of a large-scale disaster, a national emergency headed by the Prime MinisterDisaster Countermeasures HeadquartersWhen setting up the official residence,Central Joint Government Building No. 8,Ministry of Defense(Central command postIf any of the above is damaged and cannot be used as an emergency disaster response headquarters, the emergency disaster response headquarters will be installed at the disaster response headquarters backup facility approximately 30 km west of the city center and will serve as a temporary base for countermeasures. The function of the official residence may also be temporarily evacuated[48].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ Prime Minister's OfficeAnd the official residences of the Prime Minister and Chief Cabinet Secretary
  2. ^ Designation of the site of the Prime Minister's Office and the Prime Minister's Office Secretary's Office and the surrounding area based on the Flight Prohibition Law for Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, etc.
  3. ^ "An answer to the question regarding the departure and departure of the Prime Minister by Mr. Muneo Suzuki, a member of the House of Representatives"[1]
  4. ^ "Government's answer to the question about the suicide case of the Consulate General of Shanghai submitted by Muneo Suzuki, a member of the House of Representatives"[2]
  5. ^ There are no examples before 1979, and there are 1990 cases from 2007 to September 9. In addition, from 26 to 1978, there were nine cases of "Prime Minister's Office" and one case of "Prime Minister's Office".
  6. ^ Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications "Minister for Prime Ministers and Local Government Support Roundtables"[3]
    Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries "18 Prime Minister's Commendation for Greenery Promotion Campaign"[4]
  7. ^ Use of 17 "Prime Minister's Office", 2 "Prime Minister's Office", 2 "Prime Minister's Office", and 1 "Prime Minister's Office" in documents related to various commendations by the Prime Minister, including those sponsored by other ministries. An example is confirmed in the official bulletin up to September 2007 under the Constitution of Japan.In addition, in the documents related to local autonomy during the Ministry of Home Affairs, 9 cases of "Prime Minister's Office", 20 cases of "Prime Minister's Office", and 7 cases of "Prime Minister's Office" are confirmed in the official bulletin.Although it did not appear in the laws and regulations under the Constitution of Japan (more than the ministerial ordinance), in general, it is a general rule for public organizations to use the formal name, and this notation with the official name added to the official name is the most. It can be said that it had a public character.Therefore, the official name of the official residence is "Prime Minister's OfficeIt is.
  8. ^ "Cabinet Secretariat Ordinance, Article 2, Paragraph 1, Item 8 and Article 5, Paragraph 2"[5]
  9. ^ "Appointment by the House of Councilors Mr. Yutaka Hata to answer questions regarding the Korean aircraft shooting down incident and the government's crisis management and information management system"[6]
  10. ^ Understanding of Cabinet Meeting dated May 1977, 5 "On the development of the Prime Minister's residence"
  11. ^ President of the United StatesThe official name of the prefecture was initially "Executive Office"(Executive Mansion)However, it was nicknamed "White House" from early on because of the color tone of the paint.Therefore, taking the opportunity of the extension in 1906, this nickname was made the official name "Washington White House".(White House – Washington) Has been renamed.
  12. ^ Britannica International Encyclopedia Sub-item Encyclopedia "Prime Minister's Office",XNUMX. Cabinet Secretariat and Cabinet Office | Prime Minister's work
  13. ^ "Prime Minister's Office" is like the official residence homepage,Prime MinisterとCabinet SecretariatIt is also used as a general term for staff.To support that,English editionAndChinese version of the official residence homepageThen, it means the official residence as the building where the Prime Minister works Prime Minister's Office Not consisting of the Prime Minister and the official staffJapanese CabinetMeans Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet From the fact that the logo is used, it can be seen that not only the function as the government building where the Prime Minister works, but also the organization consisting of the Prime Minister and the secretariat staff is commonly called the "Prime Minister's Office".
  14. ^ Prime Minister's Office homepage at the time of opening
  15. ^ Germanyof"Federal Chancellery"Republic of Chinaof"Presidential Office"Such.
  16. ^ Prime Minister's official homepage
  17. ^ Names of Government Organizations and Positions, December 2008,Cabinet Secretariat Website(Retrieved September 2017, 3)
  18. ^ Prime Minister's Office Homepage English Version
  19. ^ Prime Minister's Office Homepage Chinese Version
  20. ^ a b Prime Minister's Office Development Review Committee "Development Policy for New Prime Minister's Office for Construction of New Prime Minister's Office" (August 1998, 8)
  21. ^ Occasionally, takeoff and landing training of the Land, Air, and Air Self Defense Force helicopter is conducted.
  22. ^ Used as a heliport in case of emergency. Prime Minister's Palace front yard is in a green space (14/08/23)
  23. ^ weblio dictionary
  24. ^ Prime minister's residence
  25. ^ a b “A photo shoot during the remodeling of the cabinet, at the former official residence for the first time in 21 years”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun(July 2022, 8). https://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXZQOUA109E60Q2A810C2000000/ April 2022, 9Browse. 
  26. ^ a b Tetsuo Takashima"Attack on the official residence" (PHP Institute, June 2018)
  27. ^ "``It's online, but it's strange,'' ``Showa?'' Prime Minister Kishida's unnatural interview on the Internet: Tokyo Shimbun TOKYO Web”(Japanese). Tokyo Shimbun TOKYO Web. April 2022, 8Browse.
  28. ^ "6th Disaster Basic Plan Special Survey Committee Handouts Report on recent movements"Central disaster prevention conference, May 2002, 5. Retrieved September 10, 2018.
  29. ^ "The 180th Diet session, Budget Committee Meeting Minutes No. 24April 2012, 4. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  30. ^ a b Chiezo"Crisis Management Center, Written by Muneyuki Shindo, Professor, Faculty of Law and Economics, Chiba University, 2007.
  31. ^ Crisis Management Center | Current Glossary | Information / Knowledge & Opinion imidas --Imidas
  32. ^ "Cabinet Intelligence and Research Office』- Koto bank
  33. ^ "Federal Crisis Management Agency』- Koto bank
  34. ^ "National crisis management and the role of the Meteorological Agency”Meteorological disaster prevention advisor training Disaster prevention weather information course materials, March 2018, 3. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
  35. ^ "Assistant Secretary of the Cabinet SecretariatHomepage of Cabinet Secretariat. Retrieved September 2018, 9.
  36. ^ "Special Skills Meeting" No. 264 JPO Technical Meeting p.72
  37. ^ "About the start of operation of the new official residence crisis management center". Cabinet Office. April 2021, 11Browse.
  38. ^ Entire residence -Former Prime Minister's official residence virtual tour
  39. ^ Tatsuya Fujiki, Yoshiyuki Kawato, ``About the government offices of each ministry in the middle of the Meiji era as shown in "List of assets owned by each ministry"』"Architectural Institute of Japan Planning Papers" 2009 Volume 74 639 p.1173-1182, two:10.3130 / aija.74.1173
  40. ^ Diary of Taisho XNUMXth year -Documents related to Yuzaburo Kuratomi
  41. ^ a b c Tatsuya Fujiki, Yoshiyuki Kawato, Kenji Saito, "Foreign Minister's Office and Taisei Ministerial Office in the early Meiji Period』"Architectural Institute of Japan Planning Papers" 2007 Volume 72 621 p.187-194, two:10.3130 / aija.72.187_4
  42. ^ "Prime Minister's Office (former official residence)”. Prime Minister's Office homepage. April 2020, 10Browse.
  43. ^ The 79th Cabinet "Hosokawa Cabinet" Prime Minister's official website
  44. ^ Naughty US soldiers in the city center Illumination bullets for the Prime Minister's Office "Asahi Shimbun" June 1979, 54, evening edition, 6rd edition, 9th page
  45. ^ “Cabinet Secretary Suspects Extortion Attempts, Metropolitan Police Department, Searches Prime Minister's Residence”. 47NEWSKyodo News (National News Agency). (October 2010, 10). http://www.47news.jp/CN/201010/CN2010102901000990.html April 2015, 4Browse. 
  46. ^ Kenji Masakame (April 2015, 4). “"Impact" of a drone fall on the Prime Minister's office". NHK NEWS WEB.NHK. April 2015, 4Browse.[Broken link]
  47. ^ Disaster prevention facilities under the jurisdiction of the Cabinet Office | Disaster prevention information
  48. ^ Disaster Prevention Basic Plan: Disaster Prevention Information Page-Cabinet Office

References

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