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🏛 | Yamagata citizens are also interested in the LDP presidential election notification De facto "prime minister" decision


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Yamagata citizens are also interested in the LDP presidential election notification De facto "prime minister" decision

 
If you write the contents roughly
There were lively opinions from the citizens of the prefecture regarding the election to decide the de facto prime minister.
 

The Liberal Democratic Party presidential election to decide the successor to Prime Minister Abe was announced on the 8th.About the election to decide the de facto prime minister, the citizens of the prefecture ... → Continue reading

 Cherry TV

This is an account of "Sakurambo Television" (Fuji Television affiliate) news. We will send you the latest news from Yamagata Prefecture.


Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Prime Minister

Prime Minister(I don't really care,British: Prime Minister[2]) IsJapan OfCabinet OfChiefBarrelSecretary of State[3].civilianIsMember of ParliamentWas appointed, andStatusas well as the Authority TheThe Constitution of Japan,Cabinet ActIt is stipulated in.Abbreviation isprime minister.

Incumbent is the 99th generationYoshii Kan(Appointment: 2020〈Reiwa2 years>9/16 -).

Overview

The Prime MinisterAdministrative powerBelongs toCabinet OfChiefso(Article 66 of the Constitution of Japan(Section 1)[4],OtherSecretary of StateOn behalf of the Cabinet (Article 68 of the Constitution)国会Submit a bill to the general state affairs and外交Report the relationship,Administrative departmentsCommand and supervise (Article 72 of the Constitution).

Parliamentary Cabinet SystemByMember of ParliamentFrom inside国会Voting (Prime Minister Nomination Election.. (Also known as the head team nomination)Article 67 of the Constitution), based on thisEmperorIs formalNational actAppoints Prime Minister as (Article 6 of the Constitution)[4].

In addition, the Prime MinistercivilianMust be (Article 66(2) of the Constitution),SDFHas the highest command and supervision authority of (Self Defense Force Act).Cabinet OfficeAnd moreAdministrative organizationThe Prime Minister of Japan is directly responsible for these matters.

Furthermore, the Prime MinisterHead of the three powersOne of (Executive director). Current constitutionThe Constitution of JapanInHead of JapanWho has no specific text aboutHead of JapanThere is debate about[5], Cabinet or Prime MinisterHeadThere is also a theory that[6]..On the other hand, if a person in the position of a ceremonial symbol has a head of state characterEmperorView from the head[6], There is a view that the Emperor and the Prime Minister share the role of head of state[7].. In addition, the emperor is treated as the head of state in international practice.[8][5].

Abbreviation or popular namePrime minister[4](Prime minister),Prime Minister[4](Prime minister),prime minister[4](Shusho),Prime minister[4][9]There is (saisho) (Details later).

Status

Cabinet chief

The Prime Minister is also a member of the Cabinet, but under the Constitution of Japan, the Prime Minister is positioned as the "chief" of the Cabinet. The Prime Minister is superior to other Ministers of State, leads the Cabinet, and represents the Cabinet to the outside world. In addition, it has the authority to direct and supervise each administrative department.[10].

Whether or not you are the head of state

Imperial Japanese ConstitutionUnlike the current Japanese constitution,Head of JapanThere is no regulation regarding. From thisHead of JapanThere are various discussions aboutFeaturesAttach importance toCabinet(Orprime ministerThere is also a theory that the[11].

Head or represent the Cabinet, which has the authority to conclude treaties, dismiss diplomatic missions, and handle diplomatic relationsPrime MinisterIs the headtheoryExists.There is a theory that the head of state refers to a national institution that has at least a qualification as a foreign representative, and that the prime minister, who is the head of the cabinet, can be said to be the head of state of Japan.[12].. The head of state is held by the Cabinet, and the head of the CabinetPrime MinisterIs head of stateStatusThere is a view that it is in[13].

On the other hand, there is also the idea that it is sufficient for the head of state to have the authority to ceremonially represent the nation externally, and that a person in the position of a ceremonial symbol has a head of state character, in which case the emperor Head of state[6].. In addition, the emperor is treated as the head of state in international practice.[8][5].. Minister of State at the 1973st Diet Cabinet Committee on April 48, 4 (Showa 17)Masayoshi Ohira"I don't think there is a country that welcomes the Prime Minister as the head of state of Japan."[14].

Chief Minister

The Prime Minister has jurisdiction over the following institutions:Cabinet ActTo sayChief MinisterTo serve.

Authority

The main powers of the Prime Minister prescribed by the Constitution of Japan and other laws and regulations are as follows.

Constitution, Cabinet Act, etc.

This Minister of State's appointment and dismissal is a matter of exclusive rights of the Prime Minister, and the temporary agency has no appointment or dismissal.[15][16].

Police Law, Self Defense Force Law, etc.

Other laws

In addition, the Cabinet Office and itsOuter office(Financial Services Agency,Consumer Affairs AgencyEtc.) and the chief minister of the headquarters, etc. In particular, there are many licensing rights related to the Financial Services Agency, which is one of the external offices of the Cabinet Office (Banking law,Money Lending Business Law,Financial Instruments and Exchange ActSuch).

1991UntilAgency delegationDo not obeyPrefectural governorHad the authority to dismiss after undergoing judicial procedures (Local government lawOld Article 146).2001, The prime minister's initiative in the cabinet was legislated (revised Article 4 of the Cabinet Act), and the command and supervision authority for each ministry was strengthened.

Inauguration / retirement

Nomination and appointment

name

The Prime MinisterJapanese ParliamentarianFrom thePrime Minister Nomination Election.. This is also nominated (also known as the head team nomination) (Article 67, Paragraph 1 of the Constitution). The qualification requirements for nomination areMember of ParliamentTo becivilianIs to be.

Nomination electionHouse of RepresentativesとHouse of CouncilorsIf the nominations of both houses are in conflict with each other,House of CouncilsWill be held, but if a draft is not obtained by the Council of both Houses, the nomination by the House of Representatives will be decided by the Diet (Superiority of the House of Representatives). In the past, there have been cases where a council of both houses was held, but there have been no cases where a draft was obtained. In addition, although there is no actual case, if the House of Councilors does not make a nomination within 10 days after the nomination of the House of Representatives, the nomination by the House of Representatives will be decided by the Diet (same as above).

Therefore, in effect,House of RepresentativesAccording to the intention of the majority of the powers, the prime minister is appointed.

Requirements

  1. Member of Parliament
    The Prime Minister is appointed from the Diet members (Article 67, Paragraph 1 of the Constitution).
    Under the Japanese constitutionParliamentary Cabinet SystemHas adoptedHouse of RepresentativesConfidence must always be secured. Therefore, the Prime Minister has the largest power in the House of Representatives.Political party OfParty leader, ま た はCoalitionOne of the heads of the political parties forming the party is appointed. Since the prime minister's requirement at the time of nomination of the leaders is stipulated as "member of the Diet",House of CouncilorsAny member may be used, but all Prime Ministers who took office after the enforcement of the Constitution of Japan were elected from the members of the House of Representatives. Although not specified by law, being a member of the Diet is both an election requirement and an employment requirement.[17].. HoweverDissolution of the House of RepresentativesEven if you lose a member of the House of Representatives due to the expiration of the term of officeHouse of Representatives general electionRemain in the position until the later convocation of the Diet. There is no case where the incumbent Prime Minister has been defeated in the lower house election.[Annotation 3](The Prime Minister will remain in the position of Prime Minister until he resigns at the time of convening the first Diet after the election, even if he loses his current position in the lower house election.Execution Cabinet)).
  2. civilian
    Other prime ministersSecretary of StateMust be a civilian (Article 66, Paragraph 2 of the Constitution)[Annotation 4][Annotation 5].
    There have been cases where former military officers and soldiers had experience as Prime Minister and Secretary of State.Although there is no case where a person from the Self-Defense Forces became Prime Minister, a retired officer of the SDF served as the Secretary of State. There is an example.

Appointment

Immediate result of nominationChairman of the House of Representatives Execution CabinetViaEmperorTo play[18].. In the precedent, the chair of the House of Representatives separately reports the nomination process directly to the Emperor at the Imperial Palace. The Emperor appoints the Prime Minister based on the appointment of the Diet (Article 6, Paragraph 1 of the Constitution).

The appointment of the Prime MinisterNational actIs already one ofCabinet resignationThe CabinetArticle 71 of the Constitutionbased onExecution CabinetGive it "advice and approval" as

Inauguration ceremonyThe chairpersons of both houses attend the meeting, and after the Emperor verbally tells the new prime minister that he will be appointed, if the prime minister changes, the prime minister of the executive cabinet will hand over the secretary to the new prime minister. If the Prime Minister is reappointed, the Secretary of State for the Execution of Cabinet Hands over the official journal[19].

Term

There is no article in the Constitution of Japan that directly stipulates the term of office of the Prime Minister.

According to the constitution, when the Diet is first convened after the general election of the House of Representatives, the Cabinet must resign.Therefore, one term of the Prime Minister is It will not be longer than four years at the time when the first assembly is called after the election.[Annotation 6](Article 70 of the Constitution). Article 57 of the Public Offices Election Act stipulatesDeferred votingEven if this is done, it does not affect the number of days limit stipulated by the Constitution, so the effect of this cannot be expected. fundamentallyDeferred votingIs a provision for deferral at a particular polling place[Annotation 7]Because it is.

If the delay in voting in the general election of members of the House of Representatives delays the convocation of the Diet, of course, this provision does not prohibit re-election in the newly convened Diet, and institutionally as a member of the Diet. As long as he continues to be nominated by the head of the Diet, he can continue to be the Prime Minister.

However, usually the Prime MinisterRuling partyIt has gained the confidence of the ruling party members on the premise of the position of the party leader, but if there is a re-election restriction for the party leader in the internal rules of the political party, that term may become the effective upper limit of the term of office.

Retirement and proxy

Resignation

"In the House of RepresentativesCabinet no confidence resolutionIs approved, orCabinet confidence resolutionIf rejected within 10 daysDisband the House of Representatives[Annotation 8]When not doing" (Article 69 of the Constitution), or "when there is a lack of prime minister" or "when there is a congressional meeting for the first time after the general election of members of the House of Representatives" (Article 70 of the Constitution) Must resign from the Cabinet.
The above is mandatory, and other than this, the Prime Minister can resign arbitrarily (resigned from the Cabinet). If the Prime Minister is lacking or resigns, the Cabinet must immediately notify both Houses.[20].

In addition, when "the Prime Minister has an accident" or "when the Prime Minister is missing", the Minister of State designated in advance will act as a temporary deputy for the Prime Minister (Article 9 of the Cabinet Law). Details will be described later.

In most cases under the Constitution of Japan, the Prime Minister retires and at the same time the party leader of his own party resigns or retires when his term expires.[Annotation 9].

Execution Cabinet

After the resignation of the Cabinet, until the new Prime Minister is appointed, the Cabinet after resigning will continue to execute duties (Article 71 of the ConstitutionTherefore, the Prime Minister after resigning from the Cabinet will continue to execute his duties.
Therefore, if the Cabinet led by the Prime Minister's temporary representative resigns, he/she will continue to execute the duties until the new Prime Minister is appointed. Therefore, to be precise, the date of retirement of the Prime Minister is the day when he resigned.Cabinet decisionThe day the new Prime Minister was appointed.

Duty agency / assistant

Temporary deputy

There is a temporary deputy prime minister acting on behalf of the prime minister. This is not a regular position, and in the event of an accident with the Prime Minister, five pre-designated Ministers of State will take office in order. The one with the highest temporary substitute appointment rankingChief Cabinet SecretaryWhen you are a Minister of State other thanDeputy Prime MinisterCalled.

An example

An example of a temporary representative placed indefinitely until the resignation of the Cabinet is:2st Ohira Cabinet OfMasayoshi ItoHowever, he took office as a temporary representative based on prior appointment after the death of the Prime Minister and immediately resigned from the Cabinet,Ishibashi Cabinet OfShinsuke KishiとObuchi Cabinet OfMikio AokiHowever, there is an example in which he took office as a temporary representative immediately after being appointed by the prime minister who was hospitalized and resigned from the Cabinet. There are many cases in which the temporary agency acted for the job only during the Prime Minister's trip.

Aide

There is an assistant to the Prime Minister as an assistant to the Prime Minister. OrganizationallyCabinet SecretariatAlthough it belongs to, it reports directly to the Prime Minister in terms of duties. In addition, there are Special Advisors to the Cabinet, Special Advisor to the Cabinet, and Secretary to the Prime Minister, who support the execution of duties and the administration of the Prime Minister.

History

After the Meiji Restoration

Meiji RestorationAfter that, initiallyPledge of the Five ArticlesIn accordance with the policy of "Wide conference, the public decision, two-way decision,"Prime Minister SystemHas been done by But,Nara periodThis political regime that continued from the beginning was not only suitable for the new era and old-fashioned, but also for the institutional aspect,CondolenceWhat to doMinister-Left minister-Right ministerAnd is "commanded" by thisCouncilAnd each ministryLordIs not responsible forMinisterAlthough he was extremely busy, the responsibilities of the left and right ministers were unclear, which was a roundabout and inefficient task.

1880(Meiji 13) From aroundCouncilIto HirobumiBegan to advocate this "Presidential" reform,MaintenanceRight minister of the factionIwakuraRepulsed. Hirofumi Ito at the time did not have the political power to oppose the heavy duty Iwakura Gumi (Political change of the XNUMXth year of MeijibyOhte ShigenobuThe expulsion was promoted by Gumi Iwakura moving through the palace, and Hirofumi Ito could have become the "second Okuma" due to a collision with Gumi Iwakura. Therefore, Hirofumi Ito withdrew this proposal once1882(15th year of Meiji) From MarchDaiji Ito,Saionji public aspirationTraveled to Europe withGerman Empire,Austria-Hungary Empire,The United KingdomIncluding the constitution inConstitutional systemThe skeleton of a “government equivalent to civilized countries” will be concretely constructed from this time. Hirofumi Ito, who returned to Japan after the death of Tomomi Iwakura, sought to advance the implementation of a political system concept in line with the constitutional system studied in Germany.

On the other hand, the same conservative minister, Prime Minister Iwakura,Minami SanjoResponded with a personnel reform proposal to assign Hirofumi Ito to the right minister. However, Hirofumi Ito politely declined this and insteadKiyotaka KurodaHowever, this time the "reform battle" ended in a draw, as the conservatives slumped into Kiyotaka Kuroda, who is now in a turmoil. After that, Hirofumi Ito and others were not afraid of this.CabinetI proposed a system and said, "If it becomes a monarchy constitutional government, the monarchy monarchy must be on the legislative. Therefore, a constitution should be established and both sides of the legislative administration should be juxtaposed (the legislative government, As I said in the lexicon of Hirofumi Ito, he said, "I have no choice but to do what I want and act as a human body."ModernOfCabinet systemWhen confronted with the conservatives, there was no opposite name, and Hirofumi Ito's intention passed.

Prime Minister No. 69 and Cabinet Office

1885On December 18, (12th year of Meiji), "Prime ministers"No. XNUMX" was issued, "Politics""Minister"on behalf"Cabinet"And the Prime Minister" were established, and the Cabinet system started here. In the "Cabinet" organizationMinister MiyauchiIs clearly not included,MiyanakaThe distinction between "(the court)" and "Fuchu (the government)" was stipulated, and the basis for a system in which each minister of affairs bears the administrative responsibility was born. Was enacted at the same timeCabinet authorityIn the above, the "Prime Minister" was given "Power of each minister, the leader of Toshite's mission, the direction of the government, and the direction of the major government. It was being done.

Cabinet system

1889(Meiji 22)Imperial Japanese ConstitutionHowever, the Act does not specify direct provisions for the "Cabinet" and "Prime Minister", and in Article 55 of the same law, "Ministers of State Ha It was only specified. At the same time,Cabinet authorityWas established in the form of amendingCabinet systemIn the above, "the prime minister c. the heads of each minister's head, Toshite, to confirm the mission, maintain the unity of administrative departments" (Article 2), and its authority was weakened.

As for authority, the "Prime Minister" is said to be a "principal minister among his peers," who praises the Emperor, and the "Cabinet" was positioned as an organization for consultation and unification of the ministers. The Prime Minister has the governor-general of each department and has the instrumental performance right (the right to ask the Emperor to approve and the authority to declare the Emperor's approval) and the recommendation right to the Minister of State (to the Emperor) Although he had the authority to request an appointment), once a disagreement occurs within the cabinet, the Prime Minister cannot dismiss the ministers without the dismissal right of each minister, and he is only encouraged to persuade or resign. If this failsCabinet resignationI had no choice but to do it. As a caseTojo CabinetThe cause of the total resignation of theShinsuke KishiRefused to resign, andFirst Konoe CabinetIt is,Minister of Foreign Affairs OfYousuke MatsuokaI had no choice but to use the means of total resignation in order to quit. In addition, it was stipulated from the beginning of the Showa era until the end of the war in the Meiji period.Minister of the Military Active military systemDue to this, the Cabinet was restricted by the military. Especially when the Cabinet does not follow its will,Minister of ArmyAnd did not recommend a replacement,Second Saionji Cabinet-US CabinetCollapsed,Issei UgakiWas blocked from the Cabinet.

As a status,Next to the palace seat TheGrand OrderIn the position ofPrivy CouncilI am said to be higher than the chairman,RitualAbove, it was positioned as the highest rank in Fuchu.

Regarding appointment and dismissal, the Prime Minister is appointed by the Emperor as well as the Ministers of State (Big life drop), the selection method was not stipulated by law. From the early Meiji period to the early Showa periodVeteranWas appointed based on the recommendation byTaishoFrom the endShowaEarly on,Taisho democracyIs based on party politics byHouse of RepresentativesWas nominated and appointed the first party leader in (Constitutional road). After that, from the beginning of the Showa era until the end of the war, theShigeomi meetingHas been appointed by the recommendation.

Constitution of Japan and Cabinet Law

1946(21)11/3ToThe Constitution of JapanWas promulgated,66 articleFor the first time, "the Cabinet shall, as provided for by law, organize this with the Prime Minister, who is its prime minister, and other Ministers of State."ConstitutionSpecified in. With this, the next1947(22)1/16In the Cabinet Act enacted in April XNUMX, "The Prime Minister will direct and supervise each administrative department based on the policy decided during the Cabinet meeting" (6 article), etc., its authority was strengthened.

The Constitution of JapanEnforcementAbout the later Prime MinisterHead of JapanThere are some theories that consider it[21], In international practice, the emperor has been treated as the head of state since before the war.[8][5].

If there is a disagreement within the cabinet, the Prime Minister under the Constitution of Japan may dismiss and pass on his/her opinion. In addition, even if the Minister suddenly resigns for any reason, the Prime Minister may arbitrarily appoint his successor. This striking exampleRight to dissolve the House of RepresentativesIs. Under the constitution, the dissolution of the House of Representatives is to be done by the Emperor with the advice and approval of the Cabinet (Article 7 No. 3), which means that “the right of dissolution belongs to the Cabinet” and “cannot be dissolved without a cabinet decision”, but it is generally understood that “the right of dissolution is the exclusive right of the Prime Minister”. Even if there is a minister who opposes the dissolution and refuses to sign the cabinet, the prime minister can dismiss the minister and concurrently sign the cabinet.[Annotation 10].. Even if all ministers object, the prime minister can decide to disband by dismissing and concurrently serving as all ministers (One-person cabinet). Therefore, if the Prime Minister decides to disband, there is no law to prevent it. Thus, the effect of voluntary dismissal on ministers is extremely large.

Designation

Abbreviation

Since the inception of the Cabinet System, the abbreviation for the Prime Minister has generally been "Prime ministerIs often used, but in addition to this,Prime Minister"Or"prime ministerThe abbreviation "" is also used. As a synonym, "Prime ministerIs sometimes used[9].

English notation

The official English notation is "Prime MinisterIt is. This English translation had been used informally as the English translation of "Principal Minister" before the introduction of the Cabinet System. However, the English translation of "Prime Minister" did not mean this word from the beginning, and it used to be "Minister President of State"("country'sMinister-president) ”Meaning) was also used in the German translation.[22].

Anecdote

Treatment of Minami Sanjo

In the transition to the Cabinet System, the concern for everyone was who became the first Prime Minister. The consensus of the eyes is that with the name of Taiji Minoru, who was the head of the government despite being a prime ministerToshimichi OkuboAfter his death, Hirofumi Ito was the de facto prime minister who built up the Cabinet system by encouraging the Meiji government. But SanjoFujiwara KitaIn the Kanain style,Seika familyIs one ofSanjo familyNoble of being bornidentity,DukeIs. On the other hand, Ito is a poor farmer,samuraiAlso became維新I'm from a low rank just beforePiagetHowever, the difference was clear. At the meeting in the palace that decided the first Prime Minister to replace the Prime MinisterJun Inoue”The future Prime MinisterRed Telegram (Foreign Telegram)You must be able to read it.” Yamamoto Ariho agreed, “Isn't there any other than Mr. Ito?”, and there is no word to return the conservatives' support for Sanjo. 、It was decided easily with this. The biggest factor in deciding the first Prime Minister was Ito's "English ability".

With the appointment of Prime Minister Ito, SanjoMinisterAs a palace, as an aide of the emperorEmperor MeijiWill be "Tsuyo Sasuke". However, the minister was originally created to treat Sanjo.Honorary positionSo, in fact, raise him upstairsLadderIt was like removing the. On the other hand, I once served SanjoMisaki Ozaki(Senate) Suggested that he should strongly protest against Sanjo, but he urged Ozaki to do such a contempt on the contrary, saying that it is for the future of the nation and not my own problem.[23].. However, whether Emperor Meiji was sorry for this treatment, 1889 (Meiji 22)10/25Second generation Prime Minister Kiyotaka KurodaTreaty revisionWhen he resigned as the Prime Minister taking responsibility for the political turmoil over the Empire, the Emperor accepted only Kuroda's resignation and rejected everything else, leaving Sanjo to serve concurrently as Prime Minister. This is not a "temporary concurrent appointment" but merely a "concurrent appointment", and the Emperor will be the next Yamagata YuhoGreat life of the CabinetIt was only two months after that, and we consider that there was one separate cabinet during this period, and call it the "Sanjo Provisional Cabinet." Nevertheless, Minami Sanjo is not to be counted as successive Prime Minister.

election

There is no case where the incumbent Prime Minister lost the election.Middle-election systemMost of the current incumbent prime ministers were elected to the first place, but onlyYasuhiro NakasoneOnly in 1983 and 1986 are the second place elected in the two lower house elections (the first place isFukuda Yoshio).

As an example of a person who has experience with the Prime Minister being defeated in the national election, Satoshi Katayama (1949, 1963)Ishibashi Tozan(1963) andToshiki Kaifu(2009) is an example. Also,Naoto Kan(2012/2014)Small districtLost inProportional revivalI'm winning.Hosokawa Goki(2014) after retirementTokyo Governor ElectionHe ran for and was defeated.

Educational History

For successive prime ministersold systemTokyo Imperial UniversityMany people are from, but are the posterityNew systemThose who are from the University of TokyoFaculty of EngineeringOnly Yukio Hatoyama graduated from the Department of Numerical Engineering. Hatoyama is also the first Prime Minister to come from a new national government university. Kakuei Tanaka has the last academic background in the school systemHigher elementary schoolGraduation[Annotation 11].. Also, the first Prime Minister with a background in modern education wasSorbonne UniversityToStudy abroadSaionji public desire. In addition, Sosuke Uno is an old systemKobe University of Commerce(CurrentKobe University), but two months laterStudent campAnd after the warSiberian detentionThe only student in Heisei, who dropped out without returning to schoolBachelor OfBachelor of ScienceIt became the prime minister who does not have.

age

The Prime Minister must be elected from the members of the Diet. In theory of law, he can be appointed from the age of 25 when he gets the right to vote for members of the House of Representatives. Legally, any member of the Diet may be nominated, regardless of which House of Representatives they belong to, but political experience is often emphasized, and the probability that a 1st-year member of the Diet will be appointed Is extremely small (Hosokawa GohiWas elected prime minister in the House of Representatives once in 1993, but before taking office he was a member of the House of Councilors.KumamotoGovernorHad experience. In addition, Shigeru Yoshida was appointed prime minister in the House of Representatives once elected in 1948, and had prior experience as a member of the House of Representatives and the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Prime Minister).

The youngest Japanese prime minister to hold the record is 1885, the first Hirobumi Ito (then 44 years old), who is still unbroken. The oldest inauguration record1945 OfKantaro Suzuki(77 years old at that time), the oldest tenure record is Shigenobu Okuma (78 years old at that time). As the youngest after the war,2006Is Shinzo Abe (52 years old at the time). The post-war oldest inauguration record isKijuro ShimeharaHowever, within the scope of the new constitution, it is 73 years and 72 months of Ishibashi Tanzan.

After retirement

Even after retiring from the Prime Minister, if he / she wishes, about one personSecurity policeIt is customary for the (SP) to protect the former Prime Minister himself.[24]However, unlike the incumbent Prime Minister, who basically cannot refuse security by SP, it is possible to terminate security by SP at the will of the former Prime Minister himself.[25].

Under the Constitution of Japan, a person who once retired from the Prime Minister subsequentlySecretary of StateIn addition to Shigeru Yoshida and Shinzo Abe, who were reappointed as Prime Ministers,Kiichi Miyazawa(Obuchi Cabinet-Minister of Finance in Mori Cabinet → Minister of Finance) ・Ryutaro Hashimoto(Minister in charge of Okinawa and Northern Measures in the Mori Cabinet, etc.) ・Taro AsoThe three members (the second Abe Cabinet-the Minister of Finance in the Suga Cabinet, etc.) have been in the cabinet as ministers under the other Prime Ministers after the resignation of the Prime Minister.Also,Toshiki Kaifu(Budding partyParty leader) ・Takeshi Haneda(Democratic PartySecretary-General)[Annotation 12]-Yoshihiko Noda(Democratic PartyThe three members (secretary-general) have held important positions in the first opposition party after the resignation of the Prime Minister.[Annotation 13].

In addition, although he does not ostensibly take important positions,Kakuei Tanaka(Also known as the Dark General)Noboru TakeshitaSome people, like this, have a large faction and remain influential in politics even after the resignation of the prime minister.

honor

For those who have experience of the Prime MinisterhonorAbout, depending on your tenureRank TheFirst place,Second placeorSecond place,Order etc.Medal TheGreat Order of Chrysanthemum,Grand Order Chrysanthemum flower emblemorPaulownia flower emblem(OldIsamu Hiragi Kirihana Great Ribbon) Of one of theKeizo ObuchiIs the grand prize of the Kikuhana Great Ribbon). However, it may be forgotten due to refusal or scandal (eg: Kakuei Tanaka...Scandal,Kiichi Miyazawa… Decline).

motto

The power of the Prime Minister decreases as the Cabinet is remodeled, and rises as it is dissolved.
Eisaku Satoword of.
When trying to reshuffle the cabinet, the elbow iron of other factionsMinisterial illnessAs many members of parliament gather in the prime minister, it becomes difficult to respond and the power of the prime minister is reduced. On the other hand, when the House of Representatives disbanded, many members of the House of Representatives sought to get the approval of their party from the Prime Minister and returned to the local constituencies to win the House of Representatives election to preserve political life and win the House of Representatives election If they are re-elected by nomination, the power of the Prime Minister will rise because the administration base will increase.
Single-year singer disposable for two years
Noboru Takeshitaword of.
At first, the prime minister will be sick of newness when he takes office, but thenexpiration dateIt is a word that has been criticized by society when it expires, and it is ridiculed that the prime minister can be replaced after a term of office of about two years. In addition, this word isTriangle daifukuIt has been used since Takeshita was a mid-sized representative in those days.
The enemy of the prime minister is not only in the front but also in the back if it is at the side, at the top, at an angle, and inside
Junichiro Koizumiword of.
Even though the Prime Minister is the most notable and most powerful person in Japan, he shows the principle of confrontation within the Diet.OppositionNot only that, but also because the media, foreign countries, and industry groups can be critical of themselves, other parties and anti-executive departments within the ruling party, which should have the same purpose, will also be critical, so where is the enemy? A word that says you must be careful where you are targeted.
The most important source of prime minister's power is the right to dissolve and personnel.
Junichiro Koizumiword of.
He pointed out that the right to dissolve the personnel and the House of Representatives, including ministers and party leaders, is the source of the prime minister's mighty power.
In particularPostal dissolutionResist inYoshinobu ShimamuraDismissed the agricultural minister. In addition, sending assassin candidates one after another to candidates who are considered to be "resisting forces",Single-seat constituency systemI was impressed that the power of the Prime Minister was further strengthened.

Record

Employment

Record nameRecord holder nameContent of record
Maximum tenure recordShinzo Abe3188 days (about 8 years and 9 months)
  • Primary: September 2006, 18-September 9, 26
  • 2012nd --24th: December 12th, 26 --September 2020th, 2 (Reiwa 9nd year)
Longest continuous tenure recordShinzo Abe2822 days (about 7 years and 8 months)
  • 2012nd --24th: December 12th, 26 --September 2020th, 2 (Reiwa 9nd year)
Shortest tenure recordHigashi Kunimiya Toshihiko54 days (about 2 months)
  • August 1945, 20-October 8, 17
Oldest tenure recordOhte ShigenobuAbout 78 years and 6 months
(When retiring on October 1916, 5 (Taisho 10))
Youngest appointment and tenure recordIto HirobumiAbout 44 years and 2 months
(At the time of assuming office on December 1885, 18 (Meiji 12))
Oldest inauguration recordKantaro SuzukiAbout 77 years and 2 months
(At the time of inauguration on April 1945, 20)
Most-time appointment recordYoshida Shigeru5 times
  • 1st: May 1946, 21 (Showa 5)
  • 2st: May 1948, 23 (Showa 10)
  • 3st: May 1949, 24 (Showa 2)
  • 4st: May 1952, 27 (Showa 10)
  • 5st: May 1953, 28 (Showa 5)

Employment record

RankingNameNumber of working daysTenureEra
1Ahe Shinso/Shinzo Abe31882006-2007,2012-2020Heisei,Reiwa
2wig/Keitaro28861901-1906,1908-1911,1912-1913Meiji,Taisho
3Sugar/Eisaku Sato27981964-1972Showa
4Ito /Ito Hirobumi27201885-1888,1892-1896,1898,1900-1901Meiji
5Yes/Yoshida Shigeru26161946-1947,1948-1954Showa
6Koizumi/Junichiro Koizumi19802001-2006Heisei
7Nakasone/Yasuhiro Nakasone18061982-1987Showa
8Go/Hayato Ikeda15751960-1964Showa
9Saionshi /Saionji public aspiration14001906-1908, 1911-1912Meiji, Taisho
10Knight/Shinsuke Kishi12411957-1960Showa
11Yamakata /Yamagata Yuho12101889-1891, 1898-1900Meiji
12Hara /Takashi Hara11331918-1921Taisho
13Bear/Ohte Shigenobu10401898 years,1914-1916Meiji, Taisho
14this picture/Konoe Temple10351937-1939,1940-1941Showa
15Let's try /Tojo Hideki10091941-1944Showa
16Caught/Masayoshi Matsukata9431891-1892, 1896-1898Meiji
17Hashimoto/Ryutaro Hashimoto9321996-1998Heisei
18Tanaka Kakuei/Kakuei Tanaka8861972-1974Showa
19Susuki Senkou/Yoshiyuki Suzuki8641980-1982Showa
20Kaifu/Toshiki Kaifu8181989-1991Heisei
21Kiichi Tanaka/Yoshikazu Tanaka8051927-1929Showa
22Saito/Saito Minoru7741932-1934Showa
23Miki/Takeo Miki7471974-1976Showa
24Ichirou Hatyama /Ichiro Hatoyama7451954-1956Showa
25Terarauchi/Masateru Terauchi7211916 - 1918 Taisho
26Fukutake Takeo /Fukuda Yoshio7141976-1978Showa
27Wakatsuki/Reijiro Wakatsuki6901926-1927,1931Taisho-Showa
28Hamakuchi/Yuki Hamaguchi6521929 - 1931 Showa
29Miya Sawa/Kiichi Miyazawa6441991-1993Heisei
30Edge/Keizo Obuchi6161998-2000Heisei
31Person /Keisuke Okada6111934-1936Showa
32Takaaki Katou/Takaaki Kato5971924-1926Taisho
33Taken /Noboru Takeshita5761987 - 1989 Showa-Heisei
34Murayama/Murayama Tomi City5611994-1996Heisei
35Ohhira/Masayoshi Ohira5541978 - 1980 Showa
36Yamamoto/Yamamoto Gonbei5491913-1914, 1923-1924Taisho
37Kurota/Kiyotaka Kuroda5441888 - 1889 Meiji
38Noda/Yoshihiko Noda4822011-2012Heisei
39Can/Naoto Kan4522010-2011Heisei
40Katou Tomofurou /Yuzaburo Kato4391922-1923Taisho
41Mori/Mori3872000 - 2001 Heisei
42Fusaku Yasio/Fukuda Yasuo3652007-2008Heisei
43Oh so/Taro Aso3582008-2009Heisei
44Hirota /Hiroki Hirota3311936 - 1937 Showa
45Katayama/Satoshi Katayama2921947 - 1948 Showa
46Yukio Hatyama /Yukio Hatoyama2662009 - 2010 Heisei
47Hosawa/Hosokawa Goki2631993 - 1994 Heisei
48Koiso /Kuniaki Koiso2601944-1945Showa
49Hiranuma /Kaichiro Hiranuma2381939Showa
50Then/Kijuro Shimehara2261945 3/1945 - 1946 Showa
51Tomorrow /Hitoshi Ashida2201948Showa
52Takahashi /Kosei Takahashi2121921 - 1922 Taisho
53Not good/U.S. Mitsumasa1891940Showa
54Suka /Yoshii Kan171 (while in office)2020-presentReiwa
55Kiyora/Kiyoura Keigo1571924Taisho
56Dog/Dog breed1561931 - 1932 Showa
57Ayuki no Fuyuki /Nobuyuki Abe1401939 - 1940 Showa
58Susuki Kantaro/Kantaro Suzuki1331945 1/1945Showa
59Hayashi/Hayashi Kurjuro1231937Showa
60Uno/Sosuke Uno691989Heisei
61Ishihashi/Ishibashi Tozan651956 - 1957 Showa
62flag/Takeshi Haneda641994Heisei
63Badly /Higashi Kunimiya Toshihiko541945 2/1945Showa

sick

RecordNameMatter
Prime Minister died during his term due to illnessYuzaburo KatoYuzaburo KatoColorectal cancerWas suffering from.AoyamaDied in his own house.
Takaaki KatoTakaaki KatoHeart attackbyAcute heart failure.. For some timeChronic nephritisI had a heart disease,ParliamentHis condition suddenly worsened and he died 6 days later.
Masayoshi OhiraOhiraMyocardial infarctionDue to acute heart failure. During the election campaignoverworkとarrhythmiaFall overToranomon HospitalAdmitted to. 12 days later, he died of myocardial infarction.
The Prime Minister died shortly after leaving the office due to illnessKeizo Obuchicerebral infarction.Prime minister's residenceOnset,Juntendo Clinic, Juntendo University School of MedicineHe was hospitalized urgently but retired due to a coma. He died about a month and a half later without returning to consciousness.
Prime Minister retired due to illnessIshibashi TozanIshibashi has a cerebral infarction. However, the official announcement at the time was "It was also found that there were signs of cerebral infarction in addition to having a cold and causing pneumonia." On the day of being diagnosed as "need to rest for one month", he announced that he would resign on the same day. After that, his condition recovered and he survived the rest of his life.
Hayato IkedaIkedaLaryngeal cancer.. For treatmentNational Cancer CenterWas admitted to the hospital, but after about one and a half months he announced that he would leave. After 1 monthsThe University of Tokyo HospitalHe underwent surgery to remove the affected area, but died of pneumonia shortly after surgery.
Shinzo AbeAbe (First Cabinet) Is weakness due to a decline in gastrointestinal function. Originally from chronic disease (Ulcerative colitis) Was held,House of Councillors electionWas overwhelmed, the heavy pressure of criticism of successive cabinet scandals and overwork as prime minister. After expressing my resignation,Keio University HospitalWas urgently hospitalized inTemporary substitute for prime ministerDid not put.LDPAfter his successor was elected, he retired after a meeting with him about the circumstances leading up to his resignation. Later years,2012 Liberal Democratic Party presidential electionと46th House of Representatives general electionAfter being reappointed as LDP president and prime minister, he announced that he would resign in August 2020 after a recurrence of ulcerative colitis was found.

assassination

RecordNameMatter
While in officeassassinationPrime MinisterTakashi HaraHaraTokyo StationOn the premisesOtsuka StationStaffYuichi NakaokaIs stabbed in the chest. Blade cross fivedaggerDies through the lungs and heart (Takashi Hara assassination case).
Yuki Hamaguchi
(Former Prime Minister when he died)
Hamaguchi is in Tokyo StationHomeでRight wing groupBelongs toRumio SagoyaBe sniper to. One bullet was a serious injury reaching the pelvis, but four months later he pushed the patient to the hospital, but the condition worsened, but the symptom worsened, one month later the Cabinet resigned, and four months later he died (Hamaguchi Prime Minister's distress case ).
Dog breedInukai is an armed youth who broke into the prime minister's residence.OfficerBe shot by. On left cheek and right templebulletTwo shots were hit and bleeding caused death after about 2 hours (Fifteen-fifteen incident).
Former Prime Minister assassinatedIto HirobumiIto isManchuriaHarbin StationOn the premises South Korea OfnationalismSportsmanAn ZhonggenBe sniper to. He was hit by three bullets and died about 3 minutes later. At that time, Ito was the chairman of the Privy Council.
Kosei TakahashiTakahashiAkasakaShot by an armed youth officer who broke into his own residence. In addition to receiving 3 bullets,Military swordWas stabbed in and killed immediately. At that time, Takahashi was the Minister of Finance (XNUMX incident).
Saito MinoruSaito isYotsuyaIs shot by an armed youth officer who broke into his own residence.machine gunImmediate death from 40 bullets. Saito was the Minister of the Interior (XNUMX, XNUMX case).
Prime Minister whose death story appeared in the newspaper despite being aliveKeisuke OkadaA brother-in-law who looked similar to Okada by a young armed officer who invaded the prime minister's official residenceMatsuo DenzoIs shot. A young officer who misidentified Matsuo as Okada announced the death of the prime minister (XNUMX, XNUMX incident).

Far East military trial related

RecordNameMatter
Committed suicide
Former Prime Minister
Konoe TempleAllied Supreme Commander General Command (GHQ) In response to an arrest order issued as a Class A war criminal, at his residence before the deadline for appearance.Potassium cyanidePoisoned and committed suicide.
Attempted suicide, but attempted
Former Prime Minister
Tojo HidekiIn response to an arrest order issued by the Allied Supreme Commander-General (GHQ) as a Class A war criminal,HandgunThen he shoots his own heart, but fails at the critical point.
Was sentenced to death
Former Prime Minister
Tojo HidekiIn the Far East International Military TrialHangedJudgment and execution.
Hiroki Hirota
Was sentenced to life imprisonment
Former Prime Minister
Kuniaki KoisoIn the Far East International Military TrialLife imprisonmentJudgment, later died in prison.
Kaichiro HiranumaHe was sentenced to life imprisonment in the Far East International Military Trial and later died shortly after his illness was released.
Have been arrested and imprisoned
Prime Minister
Shinsuke KishiAllied Supreme Commander-General (GHQ) issued an arrest order as a Class A war criminal and was imprisoned, but was released without charge.

Criminal case

RecordNameMatter
Arrest,ProsecutionFormer Prime MinisterHitoshi AshidaAshidaShoden PrisonWas arrested and prosecuted. Innocent found innocent.
Kakuei TanakaTanaka isLockheed caseWas arrested and prosecuted. In trialTrialとSecond trialConvicted of,AppealThe defendant died during the trial ofDismissal of prosecution.
trialFormer Prime Minister convicted ofKakuei Tanaka
Prime Minister who has been arrested and prosecutedKakuei TanakaTanaka was the Under Secretary of State for Legal AffairsCoal mining country jurisdictionWas arrested and prosecuted. Innocent found innocent.
Fukuda YoshioFukudaMinistry of FinanceHe was arrested and prosecuted at Shoden Prison during the time of chief accounting bureau. Innocent found innocent.
OnceRequest for arrest permissionPrime Minister who has been prosecuted forEisaku SatoLiberal partySecretary-GeneralIn the ageShipbuilding PrisonThe Tokyo District Prosecutor filed a request for permission to arrest,Justice Command authorityWas triggered to postpone the arrest. After that, he was prosecuted at home, but was dismissed from the UN pardon.

Career history

legislation

RecordNameMatter
Prime Minister, who was once chairman of the House of LordsIto HirobumiOctober 1890, 23 (Meiji 10)-July 24, 1891 (Meiji 24)
Konoe Temple1933 (Showa 8) April 6-9 (Showa 1937) March 12
Former Prime Minister who later became Chairman of the House of LordsIto HirobumiOctober 1890, 23 (Meiji 10)-July 24, 1891 (Meiji 24)
After retiring from the Prime Minister for the first term, he became chairman of the House of Lords and was appointed to the Prime Minister again.
laterChairman of the House of RepresentativesFormer Prime MinisterKijuro Shimehara1949 (Showa 24) April 2-11 (Showa 1951) March 26

Administration

RecordNameMatter
Prime Minister who had no experience of the Minister of State when he took officeIto HirobumiIto isEmperor OfAspirantAndGovernor of Hyogo(Then was officially elected),Lord Engineering Department,Lord of the InteriorHe was appointed as the first prime minister after many years.
Konoe TempleKonoe is a Duke,Chairman of the House of LordsWas appointed as the prime minister.
Nobuyuki AbeAbearmysoldierAndTaiwan ArmyCommander,Military counselorWas appointed as prime minister[Annotation 14].
Kantaro SuzukiSuzuki isNavyA soldier,Combined Fleet Commander,Military departmentAfter serving as director, he entered the palace and was longchamberlainServed as Emperor Showa.XNUMX incidentSeverely injured and recovered but thenChairman of the Privy CouncilAfter that, he was appointed as the Prime Minister.
Higashi Kunimiya ToshihikoroyalToruhiko is an Army soldier,Second armyCommander,Defense CommandAfter serving as commander-in-chief, he was appointed as Prime Minister.
Satoshi KatayamaKatayamaLawyerBecame a member of the House of Representatives throughJapanese Socialist PartySecretary General,Japan Socialist Party ChairmanAfter having served asThe Constitution of JapanIs about to be enforced23th general electionAfter the Socialist Party became the first party for comparison in民主-National cooperationHe was appointed as the head of the three-party coalition government and was appointed as the Prime Minister.
Hosokawa GokiHosokawa is a member of the House of Councilors,OkuraUnder Secretary of State,Governor of KumamotoBecame a member of the House of Representatives throughJapan New PartyAfter serving as a representative,40th general electionでLDPAfter being split by more than half, he was appointed as the head of the coalition government of the non-LDP/non-communist eight parties and was appointed to the Prime Minister.
Murayama Tomi CityMurayamaOita Prefectural AssemblyMemberAfter becoming a member of the House of Representatives, became a special chairman of the House of Representatives on the issue of prices, Japan Socialist PartyDiet Countermeasures CommitteeChairmanAfter serving as chairman of the Japan Socialist Party,PunchHe was appointed as the leader of the three-party coalition government and was appointed as the Prime Minister.
Yukio HatoyamaHatoyamaSenshu UniversityFaculty of BusinessAssociate ProfessorBecame a member of the House of Representatives throughDeputy Secretary-General, Cabinet Secretariat,Democratic PartySecretary general,Democratic Party RepresentativeAfter having served as45th general electionDemocratic PartyCorporate citizen-New National PartyHe was appointed as the leader of the three-party coalition government and was appointed as the Prime Minister.

Privy Council

RecordNameMatter
Privy CouncilPrime Minister with a background of chairIto HirobumiAfter retiring from the first prime minister, he became the first chairman of the Privy Council, and then the Cabinet again.
Yamagata YuhoAfter retiring from the first cabinet, he became the chairman of the Privy Council, and then the Cabinet again.
Saionji public aspirationAppointed prime minister after becoming chairman of the Privy Council.
Kiyoura KeigoDuring his tenure as the Chairman of the Privy Council, he died of a large life and became Prime Minister.
Kaichiro HiranumaDuring his tenure as the Chairman of the Privy Council, he died of a large life and became Prime Minister.
Konoe TempleAfter retiring from the first cabinet, he became chairman of the Privy Council, and when he was in office, he died of a large life and became prime minister.
Kantaro SuzukiDuring his tenure as the Chairman of the Privy Council, he died of a large life and became Prime Minister.

judicial

RecordNameMatter
OnceChief of the BoardWas Prime MinisterKaichiro HiranumaOctober 1921, 10 (Taisho 10)-September 5, 1923 (Taisho 12)

Army Navy

RecordNameMatter
ArmygeneralPrime Minister with a history ofKiyotaka KurodaWhen I took officeArmy Lieutenant General.
Yamagata YuhoArmy Lieutenant General, when he took office in the first cabinet,
When I took office in the second cabinetArmy general.
KeitaroArmy general at the time of assuming office in the first and second cabinets,
Retired Army General when he took office in the Third Cabinet.
Masateru TerauchiWhen I took officeMarshalArmy general.
Yoshikazu TanakaWhen I took officeRetireArmy general.
Hayashi KurjuroWhen I took officeReserve roleArmy general.
Nobuyuki AbeAt the time of assuming office, it was a reserve army general.
Tojo HidekiUpon taking office, he was promoted from Army Lieutenant General to Army General.
Kuniaki KoisoAt the time of assuming office, it was a reserve army general.
Higashi Kunimiya ToshihikoArmy general when he took office.
Prime Minister with a career as a Navy GeneralYamamoto GonbeiWhen I took office in the first cabinetAdmiral,
Retired admiral when he took office in the second cabinet.
Yuzaburo KatoNavy Admiral
Marshal Admiral when he retired (died during his tenure) (added after death).
Saito MinoruHe was a retired Navy admiral when he took office.
Keisuke OkadaHe was a retired Navy admiral when he took office.
U.S. MitsumasaImmediately upon taking office, transferred to the Reserve Navy Admiral.
Kantaro SuzukiHe was a retired Navy admiral when he took office.

Miyanaka

RecordNameMatter
Former Prime MinisterKeitaroAugust 1912, 8-December 21, the same year
After resigning from the second prime minister, he became a prime minister and was appointed to the prime minister again.
Former Prime Minister of JapanIto HirobumiDecember 1885, 18-September 12, 22
Due to the separation of “Miyanaka and Fuchu (executive government)”, it was decided that the Miyauchi ministry should not belong to the Cabinet, but Ito himself served as both Prime Minister and Miyauchi.
OnceSamurai chiefWas Prime MinisterKeitaroAugust 1912, 8-December 13, the same year
Katsura was also the minister and chief of the samurai.
Kantaro Suzuki1929 (Showa 4) April 1-22 (Showa 1936) March 11

Educational History

RecordNameMatter
firstBachelor's degreePrime Minister withTakaaki KatoKato isTokyo UniversityFaculty of LawGraduated fromBachelor of lawGot the issue. Kato graduated from the University of TokyoTokyo UniversityIt is the university that is the predecessor of. Kato's graduated (old) University of Tokyo became the current (new) University of Tokyo after going through Imperial University and Tokyo Imperial University.
In addition to Kato, there are many prime ministers with bachelor's degrees.
firstmaster's degreePrime Minister withKeizo ObuchiObuchi is Waseda Universitygraduate SchoolGraduate School of Political ScienceCompletedMaster of Political ScienceGot the issue.
There is no prime minister with a master's degree other than Obuchi, and this is the only example even now.
firstPhDPrime Minister withKaichiro HiranumaHiranumaMinister of EducationThanDoctor of LawGot the issue.1887Based on the degree order promulgated by the Ministry of Education, the Doctor of Law was awarded by the Minister of Education. afterwards,1920With the enforcement of the revised degree order, the doctoral degree in law will be awarded from the university. Currently amended in 1991School education lawIs the successor to the doctor of lawDoctor of LawIs awarded by the university.
In addition to the Hiranuma, the prime minister with a doctorate is Hitoshi Ashida, who received a doctorate of law from Tokyo Imperial UniversityStanford UniversityThanDoctor of PhilosophyThere are two people, Yukio Hatoyama who got the issue.
firstBachelor of SciencePrime Minister withTakaaki KatoKato graduated from the Faculty of Law of the University of Tokyo with a bachelor's degree. Before the promulgation of the degree in 1887, a law degree was also considered one of the degrees. Due to the enforcement of the degree order, the bachelor of law is no longer a degree, so after thattitleWas awarded as. The successor to the law bachelor due to the enforcement of the revised School Education Law in 1991.Bachelor (Law)Became one of the degrees.
The five prime ministers who have a degree are Kato, Kaichiro Hiranuma, Hitoshi Ashida, Keizo Obuchi, and Yukio Hatoyama.
Prime Minister graduated from the first new universityToshiki KaifuAfter Kaifu, the prime minister from the former university has appeared again (Kiichi Miyazawa).

From

RecordNameMatter
royalPrime Minister ofHigashi Kunimiya ToshihikolaterLeave the Imperial familydid.
Prime Minister whose descendants became royaltyYoshida ShigeruHirohito Princess NobukoIs my grandson.
Prime Minister whose brothers and sisters became a royal familyTaro AsoHirohito Nobuko is a sister.
oldOfficial housePrime Minister ofSaionji public aspirationSaionji is the Fujiwara Kita familyKanain styleIn the Seika familySaionji familyThe owner.
Konoe TempleKonoe isFive setsFirstKonoe FamilyThe owner.
oldDaimyo familyPrime Minister ofHosokawa GokiHigoKumamoto Domain54 stonesHosokawa familyThe owner.
firstcivilianPrime MinisterTakashi HaraHowever, this is because the person continued to refuse the Victims hard. Hara's grandfatherMutsuMorioka Domain20 stonesNanbu family OfElderA senior samurai who was in the job.

relatives

RecordrelationshipNameMatter
Prime Minister with former Prime Minister in first degree父とChildYoshio Fukuda and Yasuo FukudaYasuo'sFirst son.
father in lawとSon-in-lawYoshiyuki Suzuki and Taro AsoAso'swifeIs SuzukiThree daughters.
Prime Minister with former Prime Minister in second degreeBrotherとYounger brotherShinsuke Kishi and Eisaku SatoKishi is my brother and Sato is my brother.
grandfatherとGrandchildFumimaro Konoe and Goki HosokawaHosokawa'smotherIs KonoeSecond daughter.
Shinsuke Kishi and Shinzo AbeAbe's mother is Kishi's eldest daughter.
Shigeru Yoshida and Taro AsoAso's mother is Yoshida's third daughter.
Ichiro Hatoyama and Yukio HatoyamaYukio's父Is the eldest son of Ichiro.
spouse Brothers and sisters

■Civil lawNot applicable to the above relatives, but dare to list

Takaaki Kato and Kijuro SusumuharaKato's wifeMitsubishi CorporationFounder'sYataro Iwasaki OfEldest daughter.. Suibara's wife is from IwasakiFour woman.

Reappointment

RecordNameMatter
The prime minister most often re-elected after retiring with another personIto Hirobumi3 times
  • Retired on April 1888, 4 (first stage), assumed office on August 30, 1 (second stage)
  • Retired on April 1896, 8 (first stage), assumed office on August 31, 2 (second stage)
  • Retired on April 1898, 6 (first stage), assumed office on August 30, 3 (second stage)
The Prime Minister has the longest blank period before retiring and re-electionOhte ShigenobuAbout 15 years and 5 months (longest history)
  • Retired on April 1898, 11 (first stage), assumed office on August 8, 1 (second stage)
Shinzo Abe5 years and 3 months (longest after the war)
  • Retired on April 2007, 9 (first stage), assumed office on August 26, 1 (second stage)
The Prime Minister has the shortest blank period before retiring and re-electionKeitaroApproximately 1 year and 4 months (479 days, shortest history)
  • Retired on April 1911, 8 (first stage), assumed office on August 30, 2 (second stage)
Yoshida ShigeruAbout 1 year and 5 months (510 days, the shortest after the war)
  • Retired on April 1947, 5 (first stage), assumed office on August 24, 1 (second stage)
The prime minister has the largest number of prime ministers between the time he retires and the time he takes office again.Ohte Shigenobu5 people (8 generations)
  • Aritomo Yamagata, Hirofumi Ito, Taro Katsura, Kozo Saionji, Gonbei Yamamoto
    (Katsura is appointed three times and Saionji is appointed twice)
Yamamoto Gonbei5 people (5 generations)
  • Shigenobu Okuma, Masatake Terauchi, Takashi Hara, Koretaka Takahashi, Yuzaburo Kato
    (Excluding temporary representative Yasuya Uchida)
Shinzo Abe5 people (5 generations)
  • Yasuo Fukuda, Taro Aso, Yukio Hatoyama, Naoto Kan, Yoshihiko Noda

Change of Prime Minister

RecordNameMatter
Change of Prime Minister for 7 consecutive yearsJunichiro Koizumi → Shinzo Abe (1st) (2006)
Shinzo Abe (1st stage) → Yasuo Fukuda (2007)
Yasuo Fukuda → Taro Aso (2008)
Taro Aso → Yukio Hatoyama (2009)
Yukio Hatoyama → Naoto Kan (2010)
Naoto Kan → Yoshihiko Noda (2011)
Yoshihiko Noda → Shinzo Abe (Second) (2)
Abroad in the pastFourth RepublicOf the eraFranceThere was a change of prime minister (a total of 1946 people) for 1959 consecutive years from 14 to 24.
Change of Prime Minister 5 times over 8 yearsHideki Tojo → Kuniaki Koiso (1944)
Kuniaki Koiso → Kantarou Suzuki (1945)
Kantaro Suzuki → Tokuhiko Tokumiya (1945)
Higashi Kuzumiya Toshihiko King → Kijuro Nishihara (1945)
Kijuro Sanehara → Shigeru Yoshida (1st) (1946)
Shigeru Yoshida (1st stage) → Satoshi Katayama (1947)
Satoshi Katayama → Hitoshi Ashida (1948)
Hitoshi Ashida → Shigeru Yoshida (Second) (2)
The frequency of changes of the Prime Minister exceeds the above record and becomes the highest. Especially in 1945, four prime ministers were in office each year (three times a prime minister change each year), which is also the highest record.

Other

RecordNameMatter
Nobel PrizePrime Minister who has received the awardEisaku SatoThree non-nuclear principlesThe advocacy of1974(Showa 49)Nobel Peace PrizeAward.
OlympicPrime Minister who has participated as a player inTaro AsoMontreal olympic(1976 (Showa 51))Clay shootingParticipated as a representative of (No. 41 result).
Bank of Japan notesPrime Minister used in a portraitIto HirobumiIto is a C thousand yen ticket (1963 (Showa 38)-1984 (Showa 59) issued) Portrait.
Kosei TakahashiTakahashi is a B Goten yen ticket (1951 (Showa 26)-1958 (Showa 33)) portrait. Takahashi is the only one in historyBOJHe is also the prime minister with experience as president.
Prime Minister experienced as a foreign government officialShinsuke Kishi1936From (Showa 11)1939(Showa 14)ManchuriaでGeneral Affairs AgencyPreviously held important positions such as deputy director (in ManchuriaCitizenshipThere is no law, the Japanese could be appointed to the official office of Manchuria with Japanese nationality).
Oldest prime minister with experienceHigashi Kunimiya Toshihiko1887年(明治20年)12月3日 - 1990年(平成2年)1月20日。存命期間102歳48日。
The oldest prime minister with experience under the current constitutionYasuhiro Nakasone1918 (7th year of Taisho) May 5th-27 (Year 2019th) November 11th.
Prime Minister over 100 years oldHigashi Kunimiya ToshihikoThe oldest person with experience of the Prime Minister.
Yasuhiro NakasoneThe oldest person with experience of the Prime Minister under the current constitution.

Number of people from each party

(The year after the name of the Prime Minister took office)

RankingPolitical partyof peopleFirst Prime MinisterRecent Prime Minister
1LDP23Ichiro Hatoyama, 1955 (Showa 30)Yoshihide Suga, 2020 (2nd year of Reiwa)
2Constitutional society5Hirofumi Ito, 1900 (Meiji 33)Inuyoshi, 1932 (Showa 7)
3Taisei Tsubasa Council4Fumimaro Konoe 1940 (Showa 15)Kantaro Suzuki, 1945 (Showa 20)
4Democratic Party (1998 (Heisei 10)-2016 (Heisei 28))3Yukio Hatoyama 2009 (Heisei 21)Yoshihiko Noda, 2011
5Japanese Socialist Party2Satoshi Katayama 1947 (Showa 22)Murayama Tomi City, 1994
Constitutional political partyTakeyuki Hamaguchi 1929 (Showa 4)Reijiro Wakatsuki・1931 (Showa 6)
Constitutional societyTakaaki Kato, 1924 (Taisho 13)Reijiro Wakatsuki, 1927 (Showa 2)
8New Party1Takeshi Haneda, 1994
Japan New PartyHosokawa Goki, 1994
Japan Democratic PartyIchiro Hatoyama, 1955 (Showa 30)
Liberal Party (1950 (Showa 25)-1955 (Showa 30))Shigeru Yoshida, 1952 (Showa 27)Shigeru Yoshida, 1953 (Showa 28)
Liberal Democratic PartyShigeru Yoshida, 1948 (Showa 23)Shigeru Yoshida, 1949 (Showa 24)
Democratic Party (1947 (Showa 22)-1950 (Showa 25))Hitoshi Ashida, 1948 (Showa 23)
Japanese Liberal PartyShigeru Yoshida, 1947 (Showa 22)
Japan Progressive PartyKijuro Shimehara-1945(20)
Constitutional DoshikaiOhte Shigenobu-1914(Taisho 3)
Constitutional partyShigenobu Okuma1898(31th year of Meiji)
  • In addition, the prime minister of the House of Representatives isHospital groupThere was also a member of parliament who belonged to (Fumimaro Konoe'sTuesday PartySuch).

"Phantom Prime Minister"

A person who is a big politician who can be appointed as prime minister but who could not be appointed as a prime minister for reasons such as early life is sometimes called the "phantom prime minister."Kazuya Fukuda"Price of Prime Minister" (Bunshun library) AndMikiVolume "The story of successive prime ministers" (ShinshokanIn addition to being a standard item in successive Prime Minister's Directories, "LDP Party No. 2 Study" (Kodansha library) Or "The Men Who Couldn't Become Prime Minister" (Business world) And other books featuring "Phantom Prime Minister" have also been published. Various people can be named, but as Fukuda, Mitsui, Asakawa, Kobayashi all mentionOgata TaketoraとIchiro KonoFukuda and Mitsui, both of whom I dealt with before the war,Jun Inoue-Shinpei Goto-Issei UgakiThere is. In addition to this, a person who "has become a prime minister unless he declines"Tokugawa familyOr postwarMasayoshi ItoSome people have declined while being promoted as the next prime minister.

List of successive Prime Ministers

Now
代PersonPrime MinisterDate of BirthageCabinetTerm of officeNumber of daysPolitical party
99 63Yoshii KanSuga Yoshihide
Yoshii Kan
 1948
(Showa23 years)
 12/6
72 æ­³Yoshihide Suga Cabinet
 
2020(Reiwa2 years)August 9-0LDP

footnote

注 釈

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ Although there is no direct provision in the Japanese constitution,Article 70 of the Constitution of Japan"(Omitted) When the Diet is convened for the first time after the general election of members of the House of Representatives, the Cabinet must resign entirely," and in fact, the term of office of the Prime Minister is the term of office of members of the House of Representatives. It will not exceed 4 years (with some exceptions, details below).
  2. ^ Infectious disease lawInfectious diseases such as new influenza as prescribed in Article XNUMX, paragraph XNUMX and new infectious diseases as prescribed in paragraph XNUMX of the same Article (limited to those that may spread nationwide and rapidly).
  3. ^ However,Masayoshi OhiraThe prime minister has not been elected to the lower house because he died during the 1980 election for the same day.Morita Hajime Candidate for replenishmentAnd win).
  4. ^ According to the government's view (described later), the “civilians” in Article 66(2) of the Constitution are those who:Other thanSay.
    (I) A person who has a career as a former military officer of the Navy,MilitarismThought to be deeply absorbed in intellectual thought
    two SDFIn the position of
  5. ^ 1973(Showa 48) In the House of Representatives Construction Committee on December 12th (19nd Diet),Omura ShojiGovernment member(Deputy Secretary-General, Cabinet Secretariat) "For the government, with regard to the civilians in Article XNUMX, paragraph XNUMX of the Constitution, it is considered that he is a person who has a career as a former military officer of the Army and Navy and is deeply absorbed in militaristic thought. "What is done" and "Person in the position of self-defense officer". I answered.
  6. ^ In the case of an election for the expiration of the term of office, if the election day is after the expiration date of the term of office and the convocation of the special session of the Diet is delayed to the maximum limit stipulated by the Constitution, the term of office of the prime minister may exceed four years. Not without gain.
  7. ^ "If you cannot vote at the polling place due to a natural disaster or other unavoidable accident, or if you need to vote further, the election of the prefectural election administration committee (election of a member or chief of the municipal assembly). (Municipal election administration committee) must further set a deadline for voting. "
  8. ^ If you disband the House of RepresentativesCabinet resignationYou don't have toHouse of Representatives general electionAnd then for the first time国会When I was convened, I would eventually resign. If the prime ministers have a majority of the Lower House seats in the lower house general election,Prime Minister Nomination ElectionHowever, if the prime minister's supporters divide the majority and are not re-nominated in the nomination for the prime minister, they cannot continue to be the prime minister.
  9. ^ Hitoshi Ashida,Hosokawa Goki,Takeshi Haneda,Murayama Tomi CityAlthough the four members remained leaders of the party from which they were born (and their successors) for a while after the resignation of the prime minister, they all retired in a short period of less than a year after the resignation of the prime minister.Under the Constitution of Japan, the only example of having served as party leader for a certain period of time after resigning as prime minister isSatoshi KatayamaAnd even after the resignation of the prime ministerJapan Socialist Party ChairmanI stayed there for about 1 year and 10 months. (In addition, there is a special case regarding the president of the LDPLiberal Democratic Party President # General Separation TheorySee also)
  10. ^ As of 2016,2005 OfPostal dissolutionAt the time ofJunichiro KoizumiThe prime ministerYoshinobu ShimamuraAgriculture and water phaseThe only example is to dismiss.
  11. ^ laterCentral Technical SchoolAlthough I graduated from the university, the central engineering school at that time was not a school system.
  12. ^ Haneda is alsoSun partyParty leaderCivilian partyHe has also served as party leader.
  13. ^ Those who have retired from the Prime Minister exclude the PresidentLiberal Democratic Party ExecutiveAs of 2021, there are no cases of being appointed as (so-called party four roles),Sadakazu TanigakiHas been appointed Secretary-General of the LDP after retiring as president of the LDP.
  14. ^ Incidentally,armyUnder SecretaryAt that time, he acted as the army minister on behalf of the army minister Kazunari Ugaki for medical treatment. This timeBan LeiAs a member of the cabinet, but the group is not an official minister of state.

Source

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ Britannica International Encyclopedia
  2. ^ "List of English names such as Cabinet Secretariat organization". Cabinet Secretariat. 2020/10/18Browse.
  3. ^ Daijirin XNUMXrd edition
  4. ^ a b c d e f World Encyclopedia Second Edition "Prime Minister" Kotobank
  5. ^ a b c d Daijirin XNUMXrd Edition "Doge"
  6. ^ a b c Hiroshi Tanaka "Denju", "Encyclopedia of Japan" Shogakukan, 2016.
  7. ^ House of Representatives Constitution Survey, House of Representatives Constitution Survey Report, Secretary of the House of Representatives, April 2005, 4, p. 15.
  8. ^ a b c Britannica International Encyclopedia Small Encyclopedia "Head"
  9. ^ a b The Complete Encyclopedia of Japan (Nipponika) "President" Kotobank
  10. ^ Satoshi Watanabe "Constitution of Japan" p.198 (Kitaki Publishing)
  11. ^ Hidekazu Kawai “Information/Knowledge imidas 2015” JapanKnowledge, 2015, “Principal [Political theory]”.
  12. ^ Satoshi Watanabe "Constitution of Japan" p.36 (Kitaki Publishing)
  13. ^ House of Representatives Constitutional Investigation Committee "Minutes of the 156th House of Representatives Constitutional Investigation MeetingNo. 9, House of Representatives Secretariat, July 2003, 7, p. 24.
  14. ^ House of Representatives Cabinet Committee "Minutes of the 71st Diet House of Representatives Cabinet CommitteeNo. 16, House of Representatives Secretariat, April 1973, 4, pp. 17-40.
  15. ^ Isao Sato "New constitution (lower)" Yuhikaku, 1984, 859-860
  16. ^ Yoichi Higuchi, Mutsuo Nakamura, Koji Sato, Noriho Urabe, "Commentary Legal Complete Works 3 Constitution III (Article 41-Article 75)" Seibayashi Shoin, 1998, pages 216-217, 219
  17. ^ Isao Sato "New constitution (lower)" Yuhikaku, 1984, 826-827
  18. ^ Diet lawArticle 65 2
  19. ^ s: Dependent on the parental ceremony and certifying officer appointment ceremony
  20. ^ Diet Law Article 64
  21. ^ Nobuyoshi Abe “Constitution Sixth Edition” 2016, P47
  22. ^ For example,Daiji ItobyImperial Japanese ConstitutionEnglish translation ofhttp://www.ndl.go.jp/constitution/e/etc/c02.html>
  23. ^ "Ozaki Miyoshi Autobiography"
  24. ^ Police officer in private residence even after resigning ... Unusual 2 million yen security continues Ryukyu Shimpo Style November 2020, 11
  25. ^ Former Prime Minister Noda murmurs SP Zero "No one opens or closes the door"Mainichi Newspaper March 2018, 1

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