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🏛 | Budget Committee issue "Corona, nuclear power plant, Science Council of Japan"


The budget committee, which will be the venue for the parliamentary debate with one question and one answer, started in the House of Representatives on the XNUMXnd. It will be held in the House of Representatives on the XNUMXth and in the House of Councilors on the XNUMXth and XNUMXth.

Budget Committee issue "Corona, nuclear power plant, Science Council of Japan"

 
If you write the contents roughly
The Budget Committee, which is a place for the parliamentary debate with one question and one answer, started in the House of Representatives on the 2nd.
 

The Budget Committee, which is a place for a question-and-answer parliamentary debate, began in the House of Representatives on the XNUMXnd. The House of Representatives on the XNUMXth, the House of Councilors on the XNUMXth and XNUMXth ... → Continue reading

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Parliamentary debate

Budget Committee

Budget Committee(Yosan is good)Japan OfHouse of Representatives,House of CouncilorsInStanding Committeeone of.

Overview

The matters under the jurisdiction of the Budget Committee are simply "budgetIs only defined (House of Representatives rulesArticle 92, House of Councilors Regulations Article 74).CabinetSubmitBudget proposalThe basic role is to deliberate on the budget, but the budget determines the state of national affairs for one year, and the drafting of the budget and the execution of the budget are under the responsibility of the Cabinet (Article 73 of the Constitution of Japan), Not limited to the contents of the budget, the Cabinet, which is the executing agency of the budgetpolicy方針や行政各部の対応さらには閣僚の資質の問題などが問われることになり、結果として予算委員会では国政のあらゆる重要事項が審議される。実際、予算委員会の審議を通じてこれらの事項について問題点が浮き彫りになることもある。その反面、分科会や委嘱審査(後述)といった手続を別にすれば、一連の予算審議において予算案そのものを精査する議論は然程行われていない。このため、より予算内容についての審議を充実させるべきではないかという議論も根強い[1][2].

The budget committeePlenary session,Party debateAlong with, it is widely recognized as the "flower shape" of the Diet deliberations.[1], Compared to other committeesTV relayやネット配信の機会が多い。予算案を審議するために全てのMinisterが出席する場合は、その同時間帯には他の全ての委員会は開会されない。また委員長は概ね閣僚級のポストと見なされており、閣僚経験者を充てることが一般的である。MinisterSeatMinister of FinanceIs fixed to sit next to the Prime Minister,Yukio Hatoyama Cabinet,Noda remodeling cabinetThen.Deputy Prime MinisterBecause the Deputy Prime Minister was not the Minister of Finance, the Minister of Finance will sit next to the Deputy Prime Minister (Prime Minister → Deputy Prime Minister → Minister of Finance).Also,Reorganization of central ministriesLaterChief Cabinet SecretaryIs often behind the Prime Minister.

Generally, it is held intensively as a deliberation of this budget from January to March in the first half of the Diet session.In addition, in addition to cases where a vote on the supplementary budget, etc. is required, it may be held under the name of "survey on the status of budget execution" even when it is not necessary to pass the budget vote.

Budget deliberation flow

The flow of this budget deliberation is basically as follows.

Since the House of Representatives has the right to vote ahead of the budget, the budget proposal is firstOrdinary DietFrom the Cabinet on the day of the convocationHouse of RepresentativesSubmitted to and referred to the Budget Committee.At the plenary sessionPrime Minister OfPolicy statementAt the time ofMinister of FinanceGives a financial speech and explains the budget in the speech.At the committee, the Minister of Finance explained the purpose,Vice Minister of FinanceWill give supplementary explanations respectively.

And all the ministers attended for about 2-3 days,Basic questionIs done.In this case, until the questions of each parliamentary group are completed.NHKThen.NHK General Televisionas well as the NHK Radio First BroadcastAt, all regular programs except disaster reports were stopped.Diet broadcastIs broadcast with priority[3],versusOppositionの有力議員が質問に立つことが多い。首相を含めた全閣僚と与野党が直接対峙して連日論戦を交わす、国会It has a flower shape.

After that, by the committeeGeneral Q & Aが2週間程度続くが、その間も適宜(週1~2回程度)、時のPoliticsRegarding issuesIntensive deliberationとして総理や担当閣僚出席のもと質疑が行われる。更に地方公聴会[4]、及び国会法51条2項により義務付けられている中央公聴会も開催される。首相が出席する集中審議はNHKで中継されるなど注目度が高く、またPublic hearingのうち特にCentral hearingは採決の前提と位置付けられているため、これらの日程を巡って与野党の攻防が展開される。公聴会では、1日半に渡り、各党が推薦するeconomist,Unionの代表、その他時の政治課題を反映した公述人が公述を行い、委員の質疑を受ける。

Sometimes, when scandals etc. are revealed, about itReference personBid orCall to witnessが実施されることもある。

予算審議も終盤になると、各省庁ごとに予算審議を行うため分科会が開催される。通例、所管省庁ごとに最大8つのSubcommitteeが設けられ、約1日半にわたって審議される(分科会以降のプロセスではNHKの放送はないが、ネット配信は行う)。分科会と所管省庁は以下のとおり。

And finally, with the attendance of all ministersClosing Q & Aを経て、各党各Parliamentary groupRepresentatives give their opinions on the pros and cons of the budgetdiscussAfter that, it is submitted to the vote, and the deliberation by the budget committee is over.The deliberation by the House of Representatives Budget Committee takes about 15 days, and usually takes about 70 hours.

本会議においても、予算委員長報告・各党各会派代表者による賛否についての討論を行った後、記名投票で採決に付され、賛成多数であれば、予算が衆議院を通過する。3/2By the time you pass the House of Representatives, according to the provisions of the ConstitutionHouse of Councilorsで議決されなくても年度内にNaturally establishedすることになり、ここでも審議日程の決定について与野党の攻防が展開される。

参議院においても、衆議院とほぼ同じような手続で審議されるが、趣旨説明は、衆議院通過前に予備審査として行われることが通例である。各省庁別の予算の審議は分科会ではなく、各委員会に該当部分を委嘱し、審議の上それを報告させるという形を取っている(委嘱審査)。なお、予算が4月4日まで成立しないと、各省庁の歳出に影響が生じることとなっているため、審議の遅れに伴いProvisional budgetMay be assembled.

If the House of Councilors votes differently from the House of Representatives, the House of Representatives willHouse of CouncilsHowever, if the consultation is not concluded, the vote of the House of Representatives will be the vote of the Diet.Therefore, there are several cases where the budget was rejected by the House of Councilors, but in each case, discussions were not concluded and the budget was usually passed as originally proposed.

委员

The number of members of the Budget Committee is 50 in the House of Representatives (Article 92 of the House of Representatives Regulations) and 45 in the House of Councilors (Article 74 of the House of Councilors Regulations).In each case, one chairperson and nine directors are elected or nominated.

Incident / Episode

* All titles are at that time.

"Bakayaro" case
1953å¹´At the Budget Committee of the House of Representatives (Showa 28)Right-wing Socialist PartyLegislatorEiichi NishimuraThe prime minister was angry at his remarksYoshida ShigeruSaid "Bakayaro", and the House of Representatives was dissolved at the plenary session of the House of Representatives after that.
Kenji Miyamoto is a "murderer" case
1988å¹´(63) In a question and answer session at the Budget Committee of the House of Representatives on February 2,Japan Communist PartyLegislatorSeiji MasamoriAffirm the "extremist swim policy"Liberal Democratic Party Headquarters Arson Attack CaseThe remark immediately after was quotedKoichi HamadaAfter acknowledging the statement, the chairman acknowledged the statement and said, "Since the time when our party created a situation in which the murderer Kenji Miyamoto was involved in the national affairs from the past, immediately after the end of the war, I have the greatest concern and the greatest struggle philosophy. "Furthermore, the communication with Hamada was discontinued.Minister of FinanceIsKiichi MiyazawaSuddenly interrupted Masamori, who was asking questions about foreign exchange intervention, "On December 8, 12, by Kenji Miyamoto and several others, the then director of the finance departmentTatsuo ObataIn the crotch ... ""wireSqueeze withLynchKilled in.I'll just say this exactly.Sounds good. "What I'm saying is Kenji Miyazawa[Note 1]Didn't you just say you killed a person? ", Etc.[13], The committee was raging (see:Japanese Communist Party Inquiry Lynch Case).Hamada resigned as chairman on this matter.

* Other TV programs until the early 1990sradioThere are often occasions when I get a word about the content of the broadcast and the social situation.MediaIn the industry, the remarks of the committee members were often overwhelming.

Ask questions on YouTube
2019年(ReiwaFirst year)10/10 Of200th Extraordinary Dietにおける衆議院予算委員会での質疑で、YouTuberAlso active asNational Democratic PartyRepresentativeYuichiro TamakiBut ownYouTubeUsing a personal channel, from the viewer to the YouTube comment sectionTwitterAsked questions at (with a refusal saying "I can't do everything!") And asked questions on the day based on them.[14][15]..Since then, similar projects have been held irregularly.[16].
Anomalous schedule due to new coronavirus
Normally, it is not held twice a day,201th Diet sessionDuring the session2020å¹´(2nd year of Reiwa)4/29Has set the first supplementary budget for 2020, which includes large-scale economic measures associated with the new coronavirus.4/30Due to the need to establish it by the end of the day, the budget committee of the House of Representatives was held in the morning after returning the holidays.General Affairs Committee-Finance Finance Committee-Plenary sessionAfter passing the budget in the House of Representatives, the Budget Committee of the House of Councilors was held in the afternoon to expedite the establishment of the budget.
In addition, revisionNew influenza measures special measures lawIntensive deliberation accompanying the extension of the state of emergency under Article 32 is also the House of Representatives in the morning.[17], House of Councilors in the afternoon[18]It was held twice a day in the order of.
204th Dietの予算審議においては緊急事態宣言の発令中であったことから、移動を避けるために地方公聴会を取りやめ、参考人質疑という形で代替した[19]。先述の通り[4]、地方公聴会は国会法上の公聴会とは異なり義務的なものではないため、このような取り扱いが可能になったものである。

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ I mistakenly called Kenji Miyamoto as Kenji Miyazawa.

Source

  1. ^ a b [Budget Committee] Why don't you talk about budget? --YouTube Tamaki Channel March 2020, 3
  2. ^ "Why not stop pursuing the government at the Budget Committee (Yoshitsugu Tanaka) --Yahoo! News”(Japanese). Yahoo! News Individual. 2021/2/12Browse.
  3. ^ In parallelDiet Internet Deliberation Relay-Nico Nico Live Broadcast-YouTube LiveLive streaming distribution by
  4. ^ a b 地方公聴会は手続上、国会法51条2項の公聴会ではなく、同103条の議員派遣として行われており、それを便宜上地方公聴会と称しているが、義務的なものではない。
  5. ^ List of minutes of the first subcommittee of the Budget Committee -House of Representatives
  6. ^ List of minutes of the second subcommittee of the Budget Committee -House of Representatives
  7. ^ List of minutes of meeting minutes of the third subcommittee of the budget committee -House of Representatives
  8. ^ List of minutes of the XNUMXth subcommittee of the Budget Committee -House of Representatives
  9. ^ List of minutes of the XNUMXth subcommittee of the Budget Committee -House of Representatives
  10. ^ List of minutes of the XNUMXth subcommittee of the Budget Committee -House of Representatives
  11. ^ List of minutes of the XNUMXth subcommittee of the Budget Committee -House of Representatives
  12. ^ List of minutes of the XNUMXth subcommittee of the Budget Committee -House of Representatives
  13. ^ "Minutes of the 112th Diet Budget Committee No. 7”. Parliamentary Minutes Search System (February 1988, 2). 2017/9/30Browse.
  14. ^ Tamaki asks for questions to Prime Minister Abe on YouTube -Nikkan Sports July 2019, 10
  15. ^ [Notice] Get closer to politics.What you want to ask Prime Minister Abe, recruitment! --YouTube Tamaki Channel March 2019, 10
  16. ^ [Weekly Tamaki] Summary commentary from June 6st to 1th, what are the events to watch from next week from June 5th? --YouTube Tamaki Channel March 2020, 6
  17. ^ << Intensive deliberation on extension of state of emergency >> [Relay of the Diet] Budget Committee of the House of Representatives-May 2, 5nd year of Reiwa- --Nico Nico Live Broadcasting
  18. ^ << Intensive deliberation for extension of state of emergency >> [Relay of the Diet] Budget Committee of the House of Councilors-May 2, 5nd year of Reiwa- --Nico Nico Live Broadcasting
  19. ^ INC, SANKEI DIGITAL (January 2021, 2). “予算委地方公聴会見送りへ コロナ、参考人で代替検討”(Japanese). Sankei News. 2021/2/22Browse.

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