Photo 2019 Okayama Marathon
Prefectural priority frame 3822 applicants on the first day Okayama Marathon, over 9% of capacity
If you write the contents roughly
Recruitment began at noon on the 7th on a dedicated site, etc., and the data was collected until midnight on the 8th.
The executive committee of the "Okayama Marathon 11" to be held in Okayama City on November 14th is for residents of Okayama Prefecture on the 2021th ... → Continue reading
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Sanyo Shimbun Digital is a Sanyo Shimbun news site. We will deliver the news and sports news from each area in Okayama prefecture and overseas.
Wikipedia related words
If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.
midnight(Mayonaka) is夜Is the midpoint ofMasako(Shoushi),Child nightAlso called (Shiya).
midnightThe word is Late night(Shinya), Shinkou,midnight(Yahan) (The Japan Meteorological Agency refers to “night and half” as “about one hour, which is about 0 minutes each before and after 30:XNUMX.”.. As well as), it may refer to a wide time zone deep in the night, so if you say midnight at midnight (midnight), it is undeniable to use "Masako". The antonym for Masako is "noon", the midpoint of the day.
In modern times, officially in any culture or disciplineJapanIn most cases, (the beginning of the day) is Masako (1:12 noon at night),astronomyThen oncenoon(12:XNUMX noon)JapanIt was (at astronomical time).Julian DayThis is also the reason why the day in is starting at noon.
12:0 noon (midnight)noon(Shogo.NoonAs it is called (Uma) tick, midnight at midnight (midnight)Masako(Shoshi.Child(Ne) tick). TimeZodiacThis is because when expressed by, the midpoint between sunset and sunrise is <child>, and the midpoint between sunrise and sunset is <noon> (Correspondence with XNUMX o'clock Tatsu # time).
Expression in English
The English equivalent of "midnight"midnightIs also a polysemous word, and its meaning depends on the context. In the case of "at midnight", it means Masako (12 o'clock midnight), but the midnight hours means midnight.
The midnight, when referring to Masako, is the time that was used to define the end of the day and the beginning of the next day, mainly in Western culture. This is often thought to be midnight when the day changes, but from an astronomical perspectivesunsetとsunrise(夜 明 けThe middle point of) is not always 0 o'clock, and there is seasonal variation. In this section,midnightFor the concept equivalent to, distinguish these points from simple "night" and "0 o'clock".
Solar midnightIt is,MasakoAt the time of hitting(I.e. BottomIs the closest time toNightfallIs the farthest time from dawn. Of each regionTime zoneThe relationship between the time on the clock and the sunMeridianAlthough the midnight passing through is often strict, many sitesSun timeIs being calculated. This Solar midnight is not a time zonelongitudeDepends on.
From noon to Masako
The commonly used dates and times are Masako (midnight midnight)Japan(Beginning of the day).But,astronomyThen.Claudio PtolemySince its inception, the Japanese world has been set at noon (12:XNUMX noon).Astronomical time(Astronomical time) was used. This was to avoid the inconvenience of changing the date during nighttime observation... And, in contrast to this "astronomical time", the time system that is usually used when Masako starts one day was called "usual time".
Astronomical time is confusing, so it was abolished at the end of 1924.Greenwich Mean Time#Astronomical time abolitionSee. ), after 1925 January 1, in astronomyRegular useWas adopted. Therefore, there is a need for a method for distinguishing which day Masako belongs to.
Masako and noon time representation
24-hour notationThen, simply setting "00:00" as the start of the day and "24:00" as the end of the day is sufficient. In other words, "Today's 24:00" and "Tomorrow's 00:00" are the same.
12-hour notationIt is,アルメニア,GreeceIn addition, it can be seen in English-speaking countries and South America, but it is distinguished by using the notation'noon''midday' or '12 noon' at noon and'midnight' or '24 midnight' at 00:12. There is.
On the other hand, on computers and digital clocks, Masako displays "12:00 am" and noon displays "12:00 pm". In these notations, the distinction between Masako and noon is ambiguous and unclear. In fact, it is inappropriate to use "am" or "pm" to represent 12:00. In the first place, these abbreviations area.m(Noon,before noon)Whenpost meridiem(Noon,after noon). Since noon is neither before nor after, it's funny to use either abbreviation (just a slight deviation like 12:00:01 pm will give you the exact notation). Similarly, Masako is unsuitable because it is 12 hours before and 12 hours after noon (Masako itself is neither morning nor afternoonIs considered). There are the following methods to express these without misunderstanding.
- Use 24-hour notation (00:00, 12:00, and 24:00)
- Use "12 noon" and "12 midnight" ("12 midnight" is still ambiguous)
- Clearly indicate which two days (midnight spanning Saturday to Sunday, midnight between 2th and 12th December)
- Dare to use "12:01 am" or "11:59 pm"
Incidentally,calendar Some religions use different times as the beginning of the day. For example,Hebrew calendar,Islamic calendar,Jewish calendar,Church calendarThen,日 没Time(positiveRooster.. The day starts at 18:XNUMX in the evening (Christmas Eve #OverviewSee).
manyDeveloped country,In particularNorth AmericaIn, there are many people who start the day between 2-5 o'clock. It does work beyond MasakoWorkerThere are many. ManyTV stationMokoCustomAre advertising according to.The United KingdomThen, TV stationsRadio stationsRegards 6:XNUMX am as the beginning and end of the day.
Meaning in culture
In Japan, after childhood丑At 1 o'clock (3-XNUMX o'clock), the third time (between XNUMX am and XNUMX o'clock) that divides the time of the ox into four is called osan and okusankoku, and this time is considered to be the time when plants also sleep. .. At this time, the direction of Yi Tiger, which is the boundary between Yin and Yang, is set.Demon gateIt was said that it was a time when youkai and other people would easily be lazy... Also, this timeNichiren Masamune OfPedestal ServantIt's time to do.
GermanThen, Mitternacht (midnight) from 23:1 to XNUMX:XNUMX the next day was called Geisterstunde (ghost time), and it was time for the ghosts, demons, and witches to roar.
In the old magical way of thinking, midnight solar midnight, That is,solar noonIt is said to be antipodal. This separates the real world from the other worldPerigeeAnd darkApogeeIt is the axis of thought that is linked to and. Thus, midnightカ オ ス-dead-YomiThe world ofTwilightIt became to be associated with. It was also thought that the most inspirational moment was when the sacrum appeared on its own. Of course, inspiration is thought to be associated with the darkness mentioned above, and midnightsoul-幽 霊-Evil spirit-DevilWas thought to come.
It was believed that all supernatural dark creatures—though reminiscent of horrifying nocturnal carnivores—had appeared at night, maximizing their abilities at their midpoint, the midnight.SlabAccording to the folk tale, the midnight is the time when he rises from the grave to suck the blood of a person, and the time when the ruin attacks the sleeping person's breath and the devil comes to the sinner.ポーランド OfJewishThe gods believed that midnight was the time when demons possessing physical possession of living humans attached to the people and caused madness.
At night混沌,OriginalityTherefore, all actions summoned from another world are easiest to take at the highest point of the night. Demons and demons were supposed to respond to human summons in every region. — It is a dying wish,famine Ofcurse, Was obedience or a contract to the devil.magician-magic-black magicIt was the easiest thing to do at the time. While some are said to require complex rituals, one folk tale believed in a very simple and non-sacred way of calling the demons at the midnight intersection. Even without a reliable clock to see the time, even looking into the mirror at night was considered dangerous because the devil would look back from inside.
In addition, midnight is also the time to collect ingredients used in magic, and variousHerbsWas thought to be most effective when harvested on midnight.
midnightCinderellaIt is used as a deadline for completing missions, as seen in folktales such as.
- ^ Term of day subdivision Meteorological Agency, term concerning time. "Night and half" column, "About 0 hour including 30 minutes each before and after XNUMX:XNUMX."
- ^ The beginning of the day National Observatory ＞ Calendar ＞ Calendar Wiki ＞ Start of the day
- ^ Morning and afternoon NAOJ ＞ Calendar ＞ Calendar Wiki ＞ Elements ＞ What is a day? ＞ Morning and afternoon
- ^ Question 4-1) Is 12 noon noon? Or 12:XNUMX pm? Top 5 frequently asked questions, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan
- ^ XNUMX:XNUMX am? Midnight? (Germany) National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Frequency Standards Division, February 1989, 2
- ^ NIST Time and Frequency FAQ(As of January 2010, 4Archive）
- ^ Monthly Japanese, Volume 5, Issue 7-12 P41
- Are noon and midnight 12 am or 12 pm? (National Institute of Standards and Technology,FAQ) - Wayback machine(For archived March 2010, 4)