Photo Akihiko Imamura says, "I want to run proudly with the thoughts of my friends."
In the memory of the treasure, next is the torchbearer
If you write the contents roughly
Many marathon events were canceled last year.
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Wikipedia related words
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- Athletics OfLong distance42.195km OfPublic road courseCompetition using.Details are given in this section.
- A slang term for long-distance running in athletics using public road courses.Half marathon,Ultra marathonetc.
- It is used as an analogy for long-distance, long-term work and non-athletics.Shell Eco Marathon,Hackathon,Ideathonetc.
marathon(English: marathon) IsAthletics OfLong distance42.195km OfPublic road courseIt is an event to run and compete for ranking and time.Ancient greece OfStoriesIt started as a new event on land with the establishment of the 1st Modern Olympic Games.
Also, from long-distance running of several kilometers, which may be called a marathon even in competitions other than the specified distance.Half marathon(21.0975km) and (10.54875km), run longer distances than the marathonUltra marathonHowever, it is often called simply a marathon.When a formal marathon is specified, it is called a full marathon.
The name "marathon" to indicate this long-distance running can be freely used by anyone without any provisions such as registered trademarks, but in this paperWorld athleticsThe description is based on the provisions of the (former International Athletics Federation).
Origin of the name of the marathon
450 BCMay 9,AthensMasterMiltiades TheMarathon(Marathon, Marathon)PersianRepelled a large army of.Marathon BattleIs.VictoryEuangelionA soldier named Philippides was selected as a messenger to convey (good news) to the Athenian elders.Fidi Pidis is said to have run through to Athens, about 40 km from Marathon, and died exhausted after telling him to "win" in the suburbs of Athens...This folkloreHerodotusof"HistoryAccording to Athens, Athens is nowAthensIt is assumed..However, there are various theories as to whether this story is historical.The date and time of the battle490 BCMay 11There is also a theory thatPlutarchAccording to the soldier, the name of the soldier is Eukles.Marathon BattleSee also
Start of modern marathon
In France in memory of the above-mentioned eventLinguistMichel BréalBy the suggestion of1896ToAthensOpened in1st olympic gamesToMarathonFrom AthensPanathenaic StadiumRace up to was added..This was the beginning of the marathon race, and the Boston Marathon was started in 1897, and the competition spread from Western countries.1972More than, after the storyAthens Classic MarathonHas come to be held.The course is 42.195km from Marathon to the stadium in Athens.1997 OfWorld championshipと2004 OfAthens OlympicsThe same course as the Athens Classic Marathon was used.
Origin of 42.195km
|(* 1) 1906 is a special tournament commemorating the 10th anniversary of the establishment of the Modern Olympic Games.|
The marathon distance is set at 42.195km, which is not directly derived from the ancient marathon.When the marathon competition was held at the Olympic Games, the competition distance was not constant for each competition (because it was important for all athletes to run on the same course), and it was held at about 40km.The competition distance was unified8th Paris OlympicsAfter that, 42.195km (26)Miles385Yard).This distance is4th London OlympicsThe mileage of the time (42km in the city area + less than one lap of the 200m track in the stadium) is adopted as it is.
At the 4th London Olympics, the king initially livedWindsor castleからWhite City StadiumIt was supposed to compete for 26 miles (41.843km).At this time, the queen of timeア レ ク サ ン ド ラHowever, there is an anecdote that the distance (385 yards) was extended by an odd number because he ordered "the starting point is the palace garden and the goal point is in front of the box seats in the stadium."However, no evidence has been found in this theory, claims Professor Martin Polly of the University of Southampton...The UK Tourism Board has also stated that the starting point will not be disturbed by the spectators, and that the additional distance will be 700 yards...First reached the stadium in this tournamentイタリアPlayersDorando PietriMisunderstood the goal point and collapsed just before (a goal in his perception) and was disqualified later because he scored with the help of an officer (Dorando's tragedy).
At the time of the first Athens Olympics, athletics were held only by boys, and marathons were no exception (although they ran the same course the next day).Stamata Revithi(Or "Melpomene"), the first female marathon runner in history).Even if women were allowed to participate in athletics after that, it was widely believed that it was physiologically difficult for women to run marathons, and marathon competitions such as the Olympic Games were held only for boys. Was there.In contrast, 1966Boston MarathonIn 1972, the participation of girls was approved because the number of unofficial girls who participated in the event increased over the years.The first woman in Japan to run a marathon official course as a competition was on July 1975, 7.AbashiriSapporo Junior College (currently) who challenged the course ofSapporo Gakuin University) 6 players (Reiko Sudo tops in 4 hours 07 minutes 40 seconds).
In 1978, the 1st International Ladies Marathon was held as the world's first women-only marathon event.The United States of America-AtlantaThe Women's Turtle Full Marathon National Tournament will be held as Japan's first women-only marathon tournament.TokyoHigashiyamasaHeld at.
1979 yearsBeppu Oita Mainichi MarathonThen, the door is opened to girls on a trial basis.As the first women-only marathon event officially recognized by the IAAF in the fall of the same yearTokyo International Women's MarathonWas held.
The women's marathon was officially adopted at the Olympic Games in 1984.Los Angeles OlympicsBecause.
Since 2012Nagoya Women's MarathonHas been held and has been certified as the "World's Largest Women's Marathon" by the Guinness World Records.
Changes in competition
Previously, psychological bargaining and endurance were important considering the 42km long street.However, in recent years, the speed has been remarkably increased for both boys and girls, and speed has also been required.Along with thispacemakerUsedSlipstreamOr, by teaming up with players from the same country or team to raise and lower the lap intentionally, we will screen out players who can not afford it or who have poor speed.Bicycle road raceYou can also see the movement like this.Therefore, in recent years5000m,10000mThe speedup centered on the top athletes in Japan is particularly noticeable for boys.
Since marathon is a sport that does not use tools, improving physical ability and running form through physical training including scientific training methods and meals is the key to breaking records, but it directly affects running ease. As for the shoes to be given, it has been practiced that professional athletes match the inner sole to their soles and use professional racing shoes that will reach the end of their life in several races because priority is given to weight reduction.At the bottom in recent yearsCarbon fiberHigh-tech materials and designs that assist running force, such as shoes with embedded plates to increase repulsion, are also being used...In addition, as the speed increases, more and more athletes are using tights that are in close contact with the body rather than running pants with high air resistance..
- Traditionally, there are many tournaments where not only professionals but also citizen runners can participate.2007からTokyo marathon Japan Land FederationOpen to citizen runners for the first time as an official tournament, Has been successful as a tournament with 3 people.In general competitions, many costume runners have appeared to excite the competition, but there are pros and cons to disguise in marathons from the aspect of sports..
- EkidenAs wellPublic roadIt is a competition with traffic restrictions because it uses, but most of the competitions are round-trip courses (especially for official record setting, provided that most of the courses are the same), and there are many participants. The competition time is long, and the traffic regulation time is longer than the relay road race.Therefore, we may narrow down the participants (generally 5 to 6 hours) by the time limit, or set up several barriers in the course and make it impossible to continue if we can not pass within the specified time. As a result, many tournaments clarify the time for traffic regulation.On the day of the event, it is often inconvenient for short-distance travel such as business and events in the surrounding area.Even so, since it is an event for only one day, many citizens deal with relatively forgiveness and cheer up by cheering along the road.One of the drawbacks of using public roads is that full security is difficult.At the Athens OlympicsVanderlei de LimaThere have been incidents of sabotage, but it is almost impossible to prevent such an act completely as long as you are using public roads. At the 2013 Boston MarathonBomb terrorist incidentHas occurred, and the measures against terrorism at the marathon event have been highlighted.
- World land,OlympicIt may be confused in the selection of players.Since it is decided from multiple selection races in consideration of the course, weather conditions, members, time, etc., there are characteristics that cannot be measured with the same measuring rod.The selection method is left to each country, but in Japan, there have been multiple cases of debate over the selection results, especially during the Olympics selection., There are also voices calling for one-shot selection.
- Depending on the course, a turning point may be provided.
Impact on health
It has been pointed out that while light jogging is useful for health, marathons are harmful to health.Marathons are said to have the highest number of sudden deaths in all sports.With the increase in runners due to the recent marathon boom, sudden cardiac death during the marathon is also on the rise, and became a runner at the marathon competition in Japan held between 1990 and 2010.Cardiopulmonary arrestAccidents with this are occurring frequently and are currently on the rise..
Marathon in Japan
Japan's first marathon1909(Meiji42 years) April 3Kobe CityIt is the "Marathon Great Competition" held in.HyogoKobe CityHyogo Ward OfMinatogawaStart the landfill,OsakaNishinari Ohashi (currentlyYodogawa BridgeIt was a one-way course with a distance of about 32km to reach the goal.The number of applicants was 408, and the physique test narrowed down to 120.Furthermore, Hyogo prefectureNishinomiya OfNaruo RacecourseThe qualifying round was held in Japan, and the final 20 finalists were decided.The winner was a soldier from Okayama prefecture, so the time was 2 hours 10 minutes 54 seconds...A monument to "the birthplace of the Japanese marathon" is built in front of Kobe City Hall.
In the old days in the Edo periodAnnaka clanWentAnsei excursionIt is said that the marathon originated in Japan.But,Ansei excursionIs about 29kmWalkIt is a "(walking) competition" and is very different from a marathon. "Excursion" is explained as follows on the website of the "Ansei Excursion Samurai Marathon" organizer.Coupled with the encouragement of Bunbu, it is recommended to walk for physical fitness and foot training, and this is called an excursion..
In JapanOlympicBut marathons have always been at the top of the competition.Japan dispatched players for the first time1912 OfStockholm OlympicsFrom marathon runner (Shinzo Kanaguri) Is being sent.1964(Showa39 years)Tokyo OlympicsでKokichi TsuburayaIs the 3rd place bronze medal, followed by1968(Showa 43)Mexico City OlympicsでKenji KimiharaThere was a time when the Japanese men's marathon produced the world's highest record holders, and won and won the top prizes in well-known races.1970 eraFrom the second half1990 eraEven in the first halfMuneshige,Takeshi So,Toshihiko Seko,Kunimitsu Ito,Takeyama Nakayama,Hiromi TaniguchiProduced many world-class athletes who have made their name in the 10 marathon world champions.1991(Heisei3 years)Tokyo World AthleticsHiromi Taniguchi won the 1st place gold medal1992(Heisei4 years)Barcelona OlympicAtKoichi MorishitaWon the second place silver medal and built the golden age of the marathon.Also in the women's marathon1990 eraFrom the first half to the first half of the 2000s, at the Olympic Games, the second silver medal at the Barcelona Olympics,1996(8)Atlanta Olympics3rd place bronze medal and consecutive medalsYuko Arimori,2000(12)Sydney Olympics1st place gold medalNaoko Takahashi,2004(16)Athens Olympics1st place gold medalMizuki Noguchi,AlsoWorld Athletics ChampionshipsThen.1993(5)Stuttgart World Athletics1st place gold medalJunko Asari,1997(9)Athens World Athletics1st place gold medalHiromi SuzukiIn addition, there are many silver and bronze medals, and women's marathon athletes have been active in mass-producing medals at global competitions (Olympic Games, World Athletics Championships, etc.), and have built a heyday.The summer marathon research that was being undertaken in Japan at that time was the most advanced in the world.1990 eraIt is undeniable that the acquisition of medals by Japanese athletes at the Olympic Games and the World Athletics Championships after the first half is the result of that research.
From the late 2000sWorld Marathon Majors(WMM) Series battle was established, and the world's best title, which was traditionally contested in the Olympic Games and the World Athletics Championships, is now contested by the points of major competitions every year.エチオピア,KenyaMany athletes from marathon powerhouses such as Marathon have participated in the marathon more than ever, and have become more focused on the marathon than before.As a result, the Japanese are not able to adequately cope with the speeding up of marathons by athletes from powerful marathon nations and the increasing level of races due to the thickness of the athletes, and both men and women are struggling.Still, interest hasn't diminished to the point where the Olympic ratings exceed 20%.
In response to the decision to hold the 2020 Tokyo Olympics, we reformed the selection of the Japanese national team and made the selection race "Marathon grand championshipIt was announced that it will be held in 2019 with the name.
- Sub-three-Complete the full marathon within 3 hours.
- Subfour-Complete the full marathon within 4 hours.
- Subten-Complete the full marathon within 2 hours and 10 minutes. 100kmUltra marathonGoal within 10 hours.
- Sub-Eight-Complete the full marathon within 2 hours and 8 minutes.
- BQ (Becquerel, Boston Qualify)- Boston MarathonMake a record that meets the eligibility time.
- Negative Split-The lap time in the second half of the race exceeds the lap time in the first half of the race.
"Highest record" and "New record"
Marathons with different conditions depending on the courseInternational Athletics Federation(International Athletics Federation = IAAF) did not officially approve the record, so even if it exceeded the previous record, it was said to be the "highest record" instead of the "new record", but in 2004, the International Athletics Federation was officially accredited. Establish conditions (#Main conditions of official course (See), road competition records, including marathons, have also come to be described as "new records."Therefore, marathon records have been called "world record" and "Japan record", but since 2004, they will be called "world record" and "Japan record" like other events. It was.
Gross time and net time
Gross Time is the official record of timekeeping required to cross the goal line starting from the start signal.On the other hand, the net time (net time) is a reference record required to cross the goal line starting from the moment when the start line is crossed.
In a citizen marathon in which a large number of runners participate, the number of people who can cross the start line at the same time as the start gun is limited, and many runners take some time to reach the start line.Since the official record gross time includes the time it takes to reach this start line, net time may be used to determine the net running time.In Japan, net time is only a personal reference record, so care must be taken when handling it.
However, in traditionally large marathons such as overseas marathons, especially the New York City Marathon, Chicago Marathon, and Paris Marathon, there is a gap of up to an hour or more between gross time and net time, within the same wave. However, due to the unfairness that there is a difference of about 1 minutes between the gross and the net, the gross time becomes the official time only for elite runners, and the net time is announced as the official time for general wave start runners, and the ranking is also based on this. It has been announced.In addition, whether or not to participate in the Boston Marathon is decided based on the net time.
Main conditions of official course
This applies not only to marathons but also to road races in general, but in the case of marathons, there are special provisions because the distance is a fraction.It is shown in parentheses.
- The length of the course must not be shorter than the competition distance, and the error is less than 1000/1 of the competition distance (42m or less in the marathon)
- In order to satisfy the above conditions, when measuring the distance, set 1001m to 1000m = 1km.
- The decrease in altitude from the start point to the goal point is less than 1000/1 of the competition distance (42m or less in the marathon) Note: This is because the entire course is prohibited from downhill.
- The distance between the start point and the goal point is less than half of the competition distance on a straight line. Note: A course close to a straight line may always be a tailwind depending on the weather conditions.
If the start point and the goal point are the same, the conditions 3 and 4 are inevitably satisfied. (The same applies to the lap course.)
As of the 21st century, the mainstream method worldwide is for bicycle measurers to travel a certain distance from the curb on three bicycles with a rangefinder and calculate the distance from the average of the three..
At the 2011 Boston MarathonGeoffrey Mutai(Kenya) won the championship with a time of 2 hours 3 minutes 2 seconds, but in the Boston course, the straight line distance between the start and the goal is 91% of the competition distance, which violates the condition of 4. above, and 3. It did not meet the conditions of, and was not officially recognized as a world record.
Major marathon events
World athletics (WA) will be a federation of world road races such as marathons in 2008.Rating systemIntroduced..In Japan, the Lake Biwa Mainichi Marathon from 2009, the Tokyo Marathon from 2010, the Fukuoka International Marathon from 2011, and the Nagoya Women's Marathon from 2013 have been designated as gold labels (the background color is the IAAF designated label)... WA has newly established the platinum label, which is the highest label, from 2020.From 2020, the Tokyo Marathon and Nagoya Women's Marathon have been designated as platinum labels at competitions in Japan.
|Tournament name||Host country||Held month||Founding||Tournament record||Remarks|
|Athens Classic Marathon||Greece||11||1972||2:11:35|
|London marathon *||The United Kingdom||4||1981||2:03:05||Flat high speed course|
|Berlin marathon *||Germany||9||1974||2:01:39||Flat high speed course|
|Rotterdam Marathon||Netherlands||4||1981||2:04:27||Flat high speed course|
|Boston Marathon *||The United States of America||4||1897||2:03:02||Along with the NY tournament, it has a long history in the United States. "Marathon of the Chosen"|
|Chicago Marathon *||The United States of America||10||1977||2:03:52||Flat high speed course|
|New York City Marathon *||The United States of America||11||1970||2:05:06||America's largest|
|Honolulu Marathon||The United States of America||12||1973||2:08:27||No time limit.In recent years, more than half of the Japanese participants.|
|Beijing International Marathon||Chugoku||10||1981||2:07:16|
|Seoul International Marathon||South Korea||3||1993||2:05:37|
|Dubai Marathon||United Arab Emirates||1||2000||2:04:00|
|Taizi TheInternational Athletics Federation(IAAF) official recognition,* TheWorld Marathon Majors.|
In Japan (sponsored / sponsored by Japan Association of Athletics Federations)
The items in parentheses for the time limit are elite races, which are the time limits for the participants' past times.The capacity is the total of the full marathon only, which is set for each category.
|Tournament name||Prefectures||Held month||Founding||Time limit||Capacity||Remarks|
|Hokkaido Marathon||Hokkaido||8||1987||5 hours||17,000||Odori ParkDeparture / arrival → Shinkawa-dori return (from 2012)|
|Saitama International Marathon||Saitama||12||2015||6 hours||16,000||Saitama Super ArenaDeparture / arrival →KoshigayaShinmeicho turnaround|
|Tokyo marathon||Tokyo||3||2007||7 hours||37,500||Tokyo Metropolitan GovernmentDeparture → Gyoko-dori (In front of Tokyo station) Arrival (from 2017)|
|Ome marathon||2||1967||-||-||The longest course is 30km|
|Nagano Marathon||Nagano||4||1999||5 hours||10,000||Nagano Sports Park(Until 2003YamanouchiFrom the Olympic Memorial Torch Stand) →Nagano Olympic StadiumArrived|
|Nagoya Women's Marathon||Aichi||3||2012||7 hours||22,000||Nagoya DomePrevious start → Same middle goal|
|Kyoto Marathon||Kyoto||2||2012||6 hours||16,000||Nishikyogoku Athletic ParkDeparture →Heian ShrineFirst arrival|
|Osaka International Women's Marathon||Osaka||1||1982||(3 hours 13 minutes)||None||Nagai StadiumDeparture / arrival → Midosuji ・Dotonbori BridgeMinamizume turnaround|
|Osaka Marathon||11||2011||7 hours||30,000||Osaka Prefectural GovernmentAdvance →OsakajokoenFirst arrival (from 2019)|
|Kobe Marathon||Hyogo||11||2011||7 hours||20,000||Kobe City HallDeparture →Akashi Kaikyo BridgeTurn back →Port IslandArrived|
|Hofu Yomiuri Marathon||Yamaguchi||12||1970||4 hours||2,500||Hofu City Athletics Stadium → Return to Nakaseki / Golf Course|
|Fukuoka International Marathon||Fukuoka||12||1947||(2 hours 40 minutes)||None||Heiwadai Athletic Stadium→ Western part of Fukuoka city → Kashii turnaround in Higashi-ku|
|Beppu Oita Mainichi Marathon||Oita||2||1952||XNUM X hours X NUM X minutes||1,800||Umitamago→Beppu International Tourism Port(Near Beppu City Central Purification Center) Return →Oita Municipal Athletic Field|
|Kumamoto Castle Marathon||Kumamoto||2||2012||7 hours||13,000||Tomachi StreetDeparture →Kumamoto CastleArrived|
|Tournament name||Held month||Event Dates||Remarks|
|Tokyo International Marathon||2||1981 to 2006||National StadiumDeparture / arrival → Heiwa Shimaguchi / Omori coast turn back before the alternation|
|Tokyo International Women's Marathon||11||1979 to 2008|
|Nagoya International Women's Marathon||3||1980 to 2011||Mizuho Athletics StadiumDeparture / arrival →Nagoya CastleTurn around the road|
|Yokohama International Women's Marathon||11||2009 to 2014||Yamashita ParkDeparture / arrival → Honmoku / Pool front turn back|
|Lake Biwa Daily Marathon||3||1946 to 2021||Ojiyama Athletics StadiumDeparture / arrival → Otsu City Ogaya turnaround|
In Japan (main citizen marathon event)
|Tournament name||Prefectures||Held month||Founding||Time limit||Capacity||Web||Remarks|
|Kasumigaura Marathon||Ibaraki||4||1991||6 hours||18,000||||Also serves as an international blind marathon event.|
|Tsukuba Marathon||Ibaraki||11||1981||6 hours||13,000|||
|Tokyo||3||1998||7 hours||15,000||||Formerly known as "Tokyo Arakawa Citizens Marathon in ITA BASHI".Itabashi kuFrom the sports recreation standEdogawa-kuArakawa Ohashi turn back.|
|XNUM X hours X NUM X minutes||25,000||||The 20km has been held since 1981, and the half marathon has been held since 1992. March 2015 and 2016, 2017/2018 is October, 2019 has changed the holding time in November respectively.|
|Shonan International Marathon|
|Kanagawa||11||2007||XNUM X hours X NUM X minutes||18,000|||
|Chiba||October (every other year)||2012||6 hours||12,000||||highwayTokyo Bay Aqua Line(Bridged part) is closed.|
|Toyama Marathon||Toyama||October or November||2015||7 hours||13,000|||
|Kanazawa Marathon||Ishikawa||10||2015||7 hours||13,000|||
|Mt. Fuji Marathon||Yamanashi||11||2012|
|6 hours||15,000||||Formerly known as "Kawaguchiko Nikkan Sports Marathon". Changed to the current name from 2012.|
|Shizuoka Marathon||Shizuoka||3||2014||XNUM X hours X NUM X minutes||12,000|||
|Hamamatsu City Marathon||Shizuoka||2||2005||XNUM X hours X NUM X minutes||None||||There are several kilometers and half marathons.|
|Fukuchiyama Marathon||Kyoto||11||1991||6 hours||10,000||||Most of the marathon courseYura RiverDrive along.|
|Kyoto||2||1984||無 制 限||2,500||||It is one of the few marathon events in Japan that is advertised as "no time limit in principle"..|
|Nara Marathon||Nara||12||2010||6 hours||10,000|||
|KIX Quanzhou International Marathon||Osaka||2||1994||5 hours||5,000||||Sakai CityNishi-ward OfHamadera ParkからIzumisano OfRinku ParkDone in.|
|World Heritage Himeji Castle Marathon||Hyogo||2||2015||6 hours||7,000|||
|Tamba Mt. Sasayama ABC Marathon||Hyogo||3||1981||5 hours||10,000||||Tamba Mt. SasayamaHeld in.Asahi Broadcasting TVSince the digest program is broadcast on such sites, it is well known in Kansai.|
|Okayama Marathon||Okayama||11||2015||6 hours||15,000|||
|Shimonoseki Kai Hibiki Marathon||Yamaguchi||11||2008||6 hours||10,000|||
|Tokushima Marathon||Tokushima||3||2008||7 hours||15,000||||Most of the marathon courseYoshinogawaDrive along|
|Ehime Marathon||Ehime||2||1963||6 hours||10,000||||Matsuyama CityHeld in.|
|Kochi Ryoma Marathon||Kochi||2||2013||7 hours||12,000|||
|Kitakyushu Marathon||Fukuoka||2||2014||6 hours||11,000||||KitakyushuWill be held at.It was planned to be held for a single year as the final event of the Kitakyushu Municipal 50th Anniversary Project, but it has been held every year since then.The "Pair Relay Marathon" will be held at the same time with two people running in the first half 20.2km and the second half 22km (2 groups of 150 people only).|
|Fukuoka Marathon||Fukuoka||11||2014||7 hours||10,000|||
|Miyazaki||12||1987||6 hours||10,000||||Miyazaki CityWill be held at. Since 2008, Tachibana-dori, the main street of Miyazaki City, has joined the course.|
|Kagoshima Marathon||Kagoshima||3||2016||7 hours||10,000|||
|NAHA Marathon||Okinawa||12||1985||XNUM X hours X NUM X minutes||30,000||||NahaA citizen marathon event held in the southern part of the main island of Okinawa starting from.|
|Okinawa Marathon||Okinawa||2||1993||XNUM X hours X NUM X minutes||13,000||||Okinawa CityA citizen marathon event held in the central part of the main island of Okinawa starting from.|
Although it is not in JapanHonolulu MarathonIs one of the major citizen marathon events for Japanese people, with about 1 to 2 Japanese participating.
|1||2 hours 01 minutes 39 seconds||Eliud Kipchoge||Kenya||Berlin||2018th of February 9|
|2||2 hours 01 minutes 41 seconds||Kenenisa Bekele||エチオピア||Berlin||2019th of February 9|
|3||2 hours 02 minutes 48 seconds||エチオピア||Berlin||2019th of February 9|
|4||2 hours 02 minutes 55 seconds||エチオピア||UK||2019th of February 4|
|5||2 hours 02 minutes 57 seconds||Dennis Kipruto Kimmet||Kenya||Berlin||2014th of February 9|
|6||2 hours 03 minutes 00 seconds||Kenya||2020th of February 12|
|7||2 hours 03 minutes 04 seconds||Kenya||2020th of February 12|
|8||2 hours 03 minutes 13 seconds||Emmanuel Kipchi||Kenya||Berlin||2014th of February 9|
|Wilson Kipsang Kipsang Kipsang||Kenya||Berlin||2016th of February 9|
|10||2 hours 03 minutes 16 seconds||エチオピア||UK||2019th of February 4|
|1||2 hours 14 minutes 04 seconds||Brigid Kosgei||Kenya||Chicago||2019th of February 10|
|2||2 hours 15 minutes 25 seconds||Paula Radcliffe||The United Kingdom||UK||2003th of February 4|
|3||2 hours 17 minutes 01 seconds||Kenya||UK||2017th of February 4|
|4||2 hours 17 minutes 08 seconds||Kenya||Dubai||2019th of February 1|
|5||2 hours 17 minutes 16 seconds||Kenya||2020th of February 12|
|6||2 hours 17 minutes 41 seconds||エチオピア||Dubai||2019th of February 1|
|7||2 hours 17 minutes 45 seconds||イ ス ラ エ ル||Tokyo||2020th of February 3|
|8||2 hours 17 minutes 56 seconds||Tirunesh Dibaba||エチオピア||UK||2017th of February 4|
|9||2 hours 18 minutes 11 seconds||Kenya||Berlin||2018th of February 9|
|10||2 hours 18 minutes 30 seconds||エチオピア||2019th of February 12|
|1 hours 59 minutes 40 seconds||Eliud Kipchoge||Kenya||Vienna||2019th of February 10||An unofficial race sponsored by INEOS.|
X typeformationAlternate group that formedpacemakerReduction of air resistance by.
|Unofficial world record|
Mankind's first full marathon 2 hours cut
|2 hours 00 minutes 25 seconds||Eliud Kipchoge||Kenya||Monza||2017th of February 5||Unofficial race sponsored by NIKE||Former unofficial world record|
|2 hours 03 minutes 02 seconds||Geoffrey Mutai||Kenya||Duffel Bag||2011th of February 4||136.29 m down|
|2 hours 03 minutes 06 seconds||Moses Mosop||Kenya||Duffel Bag||2011th of February 4||136.29 m down|
|2 hours 18 minutes 20 seconds||Liliya Shobukhova||ロシア||Chicago||2011th of February 10||Erased by doping|
|Africa||2 hours 01 minutes 39 seconds||Eliud Kipchoge||Kenya||Berlin||2018th of February 9|
|Asia||2 hours 04 minutes 43 seconds||バーレーン||2018th of February 12|
|Europe||2 hours 04 minutes 49 seconds||ベルギー||Tokyo||2020th of February 3|
|North America||2 hours 05 minutes 38 seconds||Khalid Khannoushi||The United States of America||UK||2002th of February 4|
|South America||2 hours 06 minutes 05 seconds||Ronaldo da Costa||Brazil||Berlin||1998th of February 9|
|Oceania||2 hours 07 minutes 51 seconds||Robert de Castella||Australia||Duffel Bag||1986th of February 4|
|Africa||2 hours 14 minutes 04 seconds||Brigid Kosgei||Kenya||Chicago||2019th of February 10|
|Asia||2 hours 19 minutes 12 seconds||Mizuki Noguchi||Japan||Berlin||2005th of February 9|
|Europe||2 hours 15 minutes 25 seconds||Paula Radcliffe||The United Kingdom||UK||2003th of February 4|
|North America||2 hours 19 minutes 36 seconds||Deena Kastor||The United States of America||UK||2006th of February 4|
|South America||2 hours 26 minutes 48 seconds||ペルー||Berlin||2014th of February 9|
|Oceania||2 hours 22 minutes 36 seconds||Australia||Chicago||2006th of February 10|
U20 World Junior Ice Hockey (under 10 years old)
- World athleticsDoes not officially recognize marathon U20 / U18 records
|1||2 hours 04 minutes 32 seconds||エチオピア||Dubai||2014th of February 1|
|2||2 hours 06 minutes 07 seconds||Kenya||Amsterdam||2011th of February 10|
|3||2 hours 06 minutes 15 seconds||エチオピア||Paris||2009th of February 4|
|4||2 hours 08 minutes 51 seconds||エチオピア||Taiyuan||2012th of February 9|
|5||2 hours 09 minutes 12 seconds||エチオピア||2009th of February 10|
|6||2 hours 10 minutes 10 seconds||Kenya||Amsterdam||2002th of February 10|
|7||2 hours 10 minutes 38 seconds||エチオピア||2004th of February 9|
|8||2 hours 10 minutes 46 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2001th of February 10|
|9||2 hours 11 minutes 43 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2001th of February 10|
|10||2 hours 12 minutes 13 seconds||Kenya||2003th of February 10|
|1||2 hours 20 minutes 59 seconds||エチオピア||Dubai||2015th of February 1|
|2||2 hours 22 minutes 38 seconds||Chugoku||2008th of February 1|
|3||2 hours 23 minutes 06 seconds||エチオピア||2010th of February 9|
|4||2 hours 23 minutes 37 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2001th of February 10|
|5||2 hours 23 minutes 57 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2002th of February 10|
|6||2 hours 25 minutes 15 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2002th of February 10|
|7||2 hours 25 minutes 48 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2001th of February 10|
|8||2 hours 26 minutes 34 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2000th of February 10|
|9||2 hours 26 minutes 56 seconds||north korea||2007th of February 4|
|10||2 hours 27 minutes 05 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2007th of February 10|
U18 world record (under 18 years old)
|2 hours 11 minutes 43 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2001th of February 10|
|2 hours 27 minutes 20 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2007th of February 10|
10 Asian leaders
|1||2 hours 04 minutes 43 seconds||バーレーン||2018th of February 12|
|2||2 hours 04 minutes 56 seconds||Kengo Suzuki||Japan||Lake Biwa||2021th of February 2|
|3||2 hours 05 minutes 29 seconds||大 迫||Japan||Tokyo||2020th of February 3|
|4||2 hours 06 minutes 04 seconds||バーレーン||Rotterdam||2017th of February 4|
|バーレーン||2019th of February 3|
|6||2 hours 06 minutes 11 seconds||Yuta Shitara||Japan||Tokyo||2018th of February 2|
|7||2 hours 06 minutes 16 seconds||Toshinari Takaoka||Japan||Chicago||2002th of February 10|
|8||2 hours 06 minutes 43 seconds||バーレーン||2014th of February 5|
|9||2 hours 06 minutes 26 seconds||Japan||Lake Biwa||2021th of February 2|
|10||2 hours 06 minutes 35 seconds||Japan||Lake Biwa||2021th of February 2|
|1||2 hours 19 minutes 12 seconds||Mizuki Noguchi||Japan||Berlin||2005th of February 9|
|2||2 hours 19 minutes 39 seconds||Sun Jie Jie||Chugoku||Beijing||2003th of February 10|
|3||2 hours 19 minutes 41 seconds||Yoko Shibui||Japan||Berlin||2004th of February 9|
|4||2 hours 19 minutes 46 seconds||Naoko Takahashi||Japan||Berlin||2001th of February 9|
|5||2 hours 19 minutes 51 seconds||Zhou Chunxiu||Chugoku||Seoul||2006th of February 3|
|6||2 hours 20 minutes 29 seconds||Mao Ichiyama||Japan||Nagoya||2020th of February 3|
|7||2 hours 21 minutes 17 seconds||Unis Kirwa||バーレーン||Nagoya||2017th of February 3|
|8||2 hours 21 minutes 36 seconds||Yuka Ando||Japan||Nagoya||2017th of February 3|
|9||2 hours 21 minutes 45 seconds||Mako Chiba||Japan||Osaka International||2003th of February 1|
|10||2 hours 21 minutes 47 seconds||Mizuo Matsuda||Japan||Osaka International||2020th of February 1|
U20 Asia 10 Jie (under 20 years old)
- Asian Athletics FederationDoes not officially recognize marathon U20 / U18 records
|1||2 hours 10 minutes 46 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2001th of February 10|
|2||2 hours 11 minutes 43 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2001th of February 10|
|3||2 hours 13 minutes 46 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2008th of February 10|
|4||2 hours 14 minutes 29 seconds||Chugoku||1993th of February 4|
|5||2 hours 14 minutes 55 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2001th of February 10|
|6||2 hours 15 minutes 06 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2005th of February 10|
|7||2 hours 15 minutes 13 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2006th of February 10|
|8||2 hours 15 minutes 30 seconds||Takahiro Sunada||Japan||Hofu||1992th of February 12|
|9||2 hours 15 minutes 37 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2001th of February 10|
|10||2 hours 17 minutes 00 seconds||Chugoku||2004th of February 3|
|1||2 hours 22 minutes 38 seconds||Chugoku||2008th of February 1|
|2||2 hours 23 minutes 37 seconds||Liu Min||Chugoku||Beijing||2001th of February 10|
|3||2 hours 23 minutes 57 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2002th of February 10|
|4||2 hours 25 minutes 15 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2002th of February 10|
|5||2 hours 25 minutes 48 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2001th of February 10|
|6||2 hours 26 minutes 34 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2000th of February 10|
|7||2 hours 26 minutes 56 seconds||north korea||2007th of February 4|
|8||2 hours 27 minutes 05 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2007th of February 10|
|9||2 hours 27 minutes 30 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||1997th of February 10|
|10||2 hours 27 minutes 46 seconds||Shirayuki||Chugoku||Beijing||2007th of February 10|
U18 Asia's highest record (under 18 years old)
|2 hours 11 minutes 43 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2001th of February 10|
|2 hours 27 minutes 20 seconds||Chugoku||Beijing||2007th of February 10|
10 successive generations of Japan
|1||2 hours 04 minutes 56 seconds||Kengo Suzuki||Fujitsu||Lake Biwa||2021th of February 2|
|2||2 hours 05 minutes 29 seconds||大 迫||Nike||Tokyo||2020th of February 3|
|3||2 hours 06 minutes 11 seconds||Yuta Shitara||Honda||Tokyo||2018th of February 2|
|4||2 hours 06 minutes 16 seconds||Toshinari Takaoka||Kanebo||Chicago||2002th of February 10|
|5||2 hours 06 minutes 26 seconds||HONDA||Lake Biwa||2021th of February 2|
|6||2 hours 06 minutes 35 seconds||Kurosaki Harima||Lake Biwa||2021th of February 2|
|7||2 hours 06 minutes 45 seconds||Ryu Takaku||Yakult||Tokyo||2020th of February 3|
|8||2 hours 06 minutes 47 seconds||Daihito Inoue||Mitsubishi Heavy Industries||Lake Biwa||2021th of February 2|
|9||2 hours 06 minutes 51 seconds||Atsushi Fujita||Fujitsu||Fukuoka International||2000th of February 12|
|Yusuke Ogura||Yakult||Lake Biwa||2021th of February 2|
|1||2 hours 19 minutes 12 seconds||Mizuki Noguchi||Globaly||Berlin||2005th of February 9|
|2||2 hours 19 minutes 41 seconds||Yoko Shibui||Mitsui Sumitomo Insurance||Berlin||2004th of February 9|
|3||2 hours 19 minutes 46 seconds||Naoko Takahashi||Sekisui Chemical||Berlin||2001th of February 9|
|4||2 hours 20 minutes 29 seconds||Mao Ichiyama||Wacoal||Nagoya Women's||2020th of February 3|
|5||2 hours 21 minutes 36 seconds||Yuka Ando||Suzuki Hamamatsu AC||Nagoya Women's||2017th of February 3|
|6||2 hours 21 minutes 45 seconds||Mako Chiba||Toyota Loom||Osaka International||2003th of February 1|
|7||2 hours 21 minutes 47 seconds||Mizuo Matsuda||Daihatsu||Osaka International||2020th of February 1|
|8||2 hours 21 minutes 51 seconds||Naoko Sakamoto||Tenmaya||Osaka International||2003th of February 1|
|9||2 hours 22 minutes 12 seconds||Yamaguchi Eri||Tenmaya||Tokyo International||1999th of February 11|
|10||2 hours 22 minutes 17 seconds||Kayoko Fukushi||Wacoal||Osaka International||2016th of February 1|
Japan and other records
|Japanese student||2 hours 08 minutes 12 seconds||Masakazu Fujiwara||Chuo University||Lake Biwa||2003th of February 3|
|U20 Japan||2 hours 15 minutes 30 seconds||Takahiro Sunada||Osaka Gas||Hofu||1992th of February 12|
|Japan high school||2 hours 24 minutes 24 seconds||Yonago Commercial High School||Atago||1993th of February 2|
|Japan record (women alone)||2 hours 20 minutes 29 seconds||Mao Ichiyama||Wacoal||Nagoya Women's||2020th of February 3|
|Japanese student||2 hours 26 minutes 46 seconds||Maeda Ayari||Bukkyo University||Osaka International||2014th of February 1|
|U20 Japan||2 hours 29 minutes 12 seconds||Chika Horie||Sekisui Chemical||Nagano||2000th of February 4|
|Japan high school||2 hours 36 minutes 34 seconds||Akemi Masuda||Narita||1982th of February 2|
The official record that took the longest time from the start to the goal in this competition is JapanShinzo KanaguriRecorded,54 years 8 months 6 days 5 hours 32 minutes 20 seconds 3.
- Kanaguri was held in 1912Stockholm OlympicsI participated in the marathon, but during the raceheatstrokebecome,lethargyI fell into a state.For this reason, he was protected by a farmer near the marathon course, but he returned to consciousness the next morning.After that, KanaguriAbstentionI returned to Japan without declaring, and the people involved in the competition did not know a series of facts, so the competition continued on record (during the competition).disappearanceToothMissing), The tournament schedule was finished.
- Time passed, in 1967StockholmThe city will hold a ceremony to commemorate the 55th anniversary of the Olympic Games.The Olympic Committee, which investigated the records at that time, found that only Kanaguri was in a state where he did not finish or abstain.For this reason, the committee requested Kanaguri to abstain or complete the race.Kanaguri went to Stockholm and ran the course at that time (actually 100 meters in the stadium, treated as having digested the remaining distance) during the ceremony and finished the race, leaving an official record of more than half a century...At that time, an announcement was made that "Japan's Kanaguri is now in the goal. The time is 54 years, 8 months, 6 days, 5 hours, 32 minutes, 20 seconds 3, and this will end the entire schedule of the 5th Stockholm Olympic Games." In response, "It was a long way. During this time, I had five grandchildren," he left a unique comment..
List of celebrity marathon records
Movie / TV related
|2:26:09||youtuber||Japan||Lake Biwa Daily Marathon||2021|
|Good luck Yusuke||2:26:28||comedian||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2012|
|Hiroshi Hiroshi||2:27:47||comedian||Cambodia||Tokyo marathon||2015|
|Kentaro Uno||2:33:30||comedian||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2017|
|Atsuko Okawa||2:54:48||announcer||Japan||Hofu Yomiuri Marathon||2008|
|Yamanaka Makoto||2:56:04||announcer||Japan||Osaka Marathon||2014|
|Fukushima Kana||2:57:51||talent||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2017|
|Masato Wada||2:57:59||An actor・ Former track and field athlete||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2008|
|Nishitani Ayako||3:01:32||talent||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2016|
|Dana Carvey||3:04:21||chairperson||The United States of America||Ocean to Bay Marathon||1972|
|Tsurumi Tsurumi||3:09:27||An actor||Japan||Yokohama marathon||2016|
|Chiaki Sano||3:14:24||talent||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2019|
|Rie Hasegawa||3:15:36||Fashion Model||Japan||Honolulu Marathon||2003|
|Satomi Morishita||3:17:10||talent||Japan||Seoul International Marathon||2008|
|Teshima Rika||3:19:59||announcer||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2008|
|Genki ☆ Tatsuya||3:23:21||comedian||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2012|
|William Baldwin||3:24:29||An actor||The United States of America||New York City Marathon||1992|
|3:27:38||Fashion Model||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2008|
|Sae Uozumi||3:30:05||announcer||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2014|
|Miyako Takayama||3:42:03||Fashion Model||Japan||Nagoya Women's Marathon||2014|
|Airi Osugi||3:43:14||Fashion Model||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2015|
|Charles Gibson||3:43:24||chairperson||The United States of America||Marine Corps Marathon||1983|
|Harry sugiyama||3:43:54||talent||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2018|
|Misako Yasuda||3:44:56||talent||Japan||Nagoya Women's Marathon||2012|
|Makiko Nakata||3:45:41||announcer||Japan||Ehime Marathon||2012|
|Ohira Saburo||3:46:54||comedian||Japan||Honolulu Marathon||2006|
|Yasushi Nishi||3:47:25||announcer||Japan||Osaka Marathon||2011|
|Edward Norton||3:48:01||An actor||The United States of America||New York City Marathon||2009|
|Ryutaro Kamioka||3:48:25||comedian||Japan||Gold Coast Marathon||1995|
|Kuniyuki Fukasawa||3:48:45||comedian||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2009|
|Hidekazu Nagai||3:49:48||comedian||Japan||Yoron Marathon||2010|
|Rena Yamada||3:50:01||Weather forecaster||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2013|
|Ryan Reynolds||3:50:22||An actor||カナダ||New York City Marathon||2008|
|Peter Weller||3:51:26||An actor||The United States of America||New York City Marathon||1988|
|Mika Oki||3:51:39||Fashion Model||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2013|
|Kim Alexis||3:52:00||Fashion Model||The United States of America||New York City Marathon||1992|
|Shingo Fujimori||3:53:51||comedian||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2016|
|Lisa Stegmeyer||3:54:18||Fashion Model||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2008|
|Tomoko Kubota||3:55:21||announcer||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2012|
|Anthony Edwards||3:55:40||An actor||The United States of America||Chicago Marathon||2003|
|Will Ferrell||3:56:12||An actor||The United States of America||Boston Marathon||2003|
|Ryozumi Ishihara||3:57:21||Talent / weather forecaster||Japan||Kagoshima Marathon||2016|
|Junko Akisawa||3:58:03||announcer||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2012|
|Mitsuko Oka||3:58:16||An actor||Japan||Honolulu Marathon||1983|
|Miki Sakagami||3:58:17||Personality||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2010|
|Tamabukuro Shintaro||3:59:32||comedian||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2009|
|Tomoko Kaneda||3:59:40||Voice actor·talent||Japan||Ibigawa Marathon||2014|
|eyeron||2:43:45||Sonar Pocket(Sonar Pocket) members||Japan||Osaka Marathon||2017|
|Takaishi Tomoya||2:45:07||Folk singer||Japan||Kyoto Marathon||1979|
|SUI||2:57:36||Singer song runner||Japan||Osaka International Women's Marathon||2020|
|Joe Strummer||3:20: ??||The CrashMembers of||The United Kingdom||London Marathon, Paris Marathon||1981-1983|
|Bjorn Ulvaeus||3:23:54||ABBAMembers of||スウェーデン||Stockholm Marathon||1980|
|Kentaro Obuchi||3:37:39||KobukuroMembers of||Japan||Osaka Marathon||2018|
|Hiromi Go||3:38:37||singer||Japan||Honolulu Marathon||1985|
|Okura||3:42:39||KetsumeishiMembers of||Japan||Honolulu Marathon||2007|
|Masashi Yamada||3:59:08||THE BACK HORNMembers of||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2018|
|Miyazaki Naoko||3:59:31||Singer-songwriter||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2018|
|Ronan Keating||3:59:33||singer||アイルランド||London marathon||2008|
|Koji Kataoka||2:39:16||soccer player||Japan||Tokushima Marathon||2015|
|Abraham Olano||2:39:19||Bicycle competitionplayer||スペイン||San Sebastian Marathon||2006|
|Laurent Jalabert||2:45:52||Cycling athlete||France||Barcelona Marathon||2007|
|Lance Armstrong||2:46:42||Cycling athlete||The United States of America||New York City Marathon||2007|
|Jenson Button||2:58:34||F1 driver||The United Kingdom||Honolulu Marathon||2012|
|Chris Boardman||3:19:27||Cycling athlete||The United Kingdom||London marathon||2009|
|Raul Gonzalez||3:26:05||soccer player||スペイン||New York City Marathon||2016|
|Kimiko Date||3:27:40||Professional tennisplayer||Japan||London marathon||2004|
|Leontien van Mollell||3:28:57||Cycling athlete||Netherlands||Rotterdam Marathon||2008|
|Hiroki Ioka||3:30:05||Professional boxer||Japan||Koshien Nishinomiya International Marathon||2001|
|Heiki Kovalainen||3:36:56||F1 driver||フィンランド||New York City Marathon||2007|
|Pat Tillman||3:48: ??||American football player||The United States of America||Avenue of The Giants Marathon||2000|
|Daisuke Naito||3:49:29||Professional boxer||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2015|
|Naohiro Suzuki||3:52:30||Professional baseball player||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2017|
|Roger Craig||3:54:00||American football player||The United States of America||Chicago Marathon||2004|
|Justin Leonard||3:54:40||Professional golfer||The United States of America||White Rock / Dallas||2001|
|Yano||3:55:37||Professional baseball player||Japan||Kobe Marathon||2014|
|Go Kitazawa||3:56:31||soccer player||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2017|
|Yukina Yasuda||3:56:44||Professional boxer||Japan||2013|
|Alan Turing||2:46:03||Mathematician-Computer scientist||The United Kingdom||Amateur Athletic Championships Marathon||1947|
|Christer Fuglesang||3:15:05||physicist-宇宙 飛行 士||スウェーデン||Stockholm Marathon||1987|
|Shinya Yamanaka||3:22:34||Medical doctor-University教授||Japan||Kyoto Marathon||2020|
|Haruki Murakami||3:31:26||Novelist||Japan||New York City Marathon||1991|
|Go Egami||3:46:20||Novelist||Japan||Tokyo marathon||2012|
|Jun Takahashi||3:47:11||fashion designer||Japan||Honolulu Marathon||2011|
"Boston Marathon, London Marathon, Berlin Marathon, Chicago Marathon, New York City Marathon, etc.Wheelchair sectionThere are many tournaments that have set up.In Japan, a single wheelchair marathon has been held, but in recent years, the wheelchair section has been set up at the Tokyo Marathon and the Osaka Marathon.Detail is,"Wheelchair Marathon" section, history and formatreference.
- ^ "Searching for the roots of athletics" Keiichi Okao, 1996, Bunrikaku, p. 78
- ^ a b "History of modern athletics 1860-1991 From birth to modern times <by gender>" Roberto L. Kercetani,1992,Baseball magazine company, Pages 7-8
- ^ Regarding the distance of the first marathon, the regulation at that time was that 40km was a guideline, so strict measurement was not made, and it is said that the mileage was 36.75km in later measurements.According to the editorial department of Shogakukan.
- ^ "Is the royal family involved in the XNUMXkm decision?”. As of May 2015, 5オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2015th of February 8Browse.
- ^ The reason why the marathon is 42.195km ...
- ^ Toshimasa Rikitake "THE DATA Women's Marathon Trivia" "Athletics magazine』May 1992 issue,Baseball magazine company, P.90
- ^ As "the first Japanese woman to run the official marathon course", she participated in the Boston Marathon this year.Oniko drum seatThere are female members of
- ^ A brief history of women's running RUNNNET
- ^ Nike's "Platform Shoes" Banned World Athletics Federation New Regulations British Media Report Archive October 2020, 1- Wayback machine - Mainichi Newspapers
- ^ Why does Suguru Osako wear half tights? ── Think about the marathon shoes and wear situation of top athletes --GQ Japan
- ^ At the tournament with a distance of 30km, the Ome Marathon officially recognized by the JAAF has been open for some time.
- ^ Currently, there are no clear guidelines for disguise, and judgment is entrusted to each tournament, but it seems that there is a common rule that it does not violate public order and morals.However, in principle, gorgeous disguise is prohibited in competitions officially recognized by the Japan Association of Athletics Federations.
- ^ Kenji Kimihara,Toshihiko Seko,Yuko ArimoriIt is well known what happened during the selection process.See the item for each player for details.
- ^ "Sudden cardiac death during not a few marathons”. As of May 2011, 7オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2011th of February 9Browse.
- ^ "Birthplace of the Japanese Marathon Kobe-Kobe City HP”. As of May 2013, 5オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2012th of February 11Browse.
- ^ Road to Kobe Marathon Part XNUMX History of Hyogo Pioneer (XNUMX) Marathon Grand Race (Kobe newspaper)
- ^ 44th Ansei Excursion HP
- ^ "Seko leader "I hope that a player with a dream will come out." The MGC series finally starts from the Hokkaido Marathon 2017!”. Japan Association of Athletics Federations (August 2017, 8). 2017th of February 8Browse.
- ^ Supervised by Keitaro Sekine "Mechanism of Measuring Things" Shinsei Publishing Co., Ltd. ISBN 9784405071018
- ^ IAAF Road Race Labels 2010 Regulations
- ^ Road Race Rank
- ^ Saitama International Marathon
- ^ Kyoto Marathon
- ^ Osaka Marathon
- ^ Kobe Marathon
- ^ 2011 isGreat East Japan EarthquakeCanceled due to outbreak.2010 was the last time it was held.
- ^ Tohoku / Miyagi Reconstruction Marathon
- ^ Kasumigaura Marathon
- ^ However, the event was canceled in 2011 due to the Great East Japan Earthquake.
- ^ Tsukuba Marathon
- ^ Itabashi City Marathon
- ^ However, the event was canceled in 2011 due to the Great East Japan Earthquake.
- ^ Yokohama marathon
- ^ Information on participation in Yokohama Marathon 2015
- ^ However, the event was canceled in 2017 due to the approaching typhoon.
- ^ However, according to the marathon's "Information you need to know and manners up", "Masks, cloaks, disguise, music players, etc., barefoot running, strollers, parallel running with pets, etc." It is prohibited, disqualified as soon as it is discovered, and participation in the tournament is strictly prohibited from the next time onwards. "
- ^ Shonan International Marathon
- ^ Chiba Aqualine Marathon
- ^ Toyama Marathon
- ^ Kanazawa Marathon
- ^ Mt. Fuji Marathon
- ^ Shizuoka Marathon
- ^ Hamamatsu City Marathon
- ^ Fukuchiyama Marathon
- ^ However, the event was canceled in 2004 and 2013 due to flood damage in Fukuchiyama City.
- ^ Kyoto Kizugawa Marathon
- ^ However, according to the "Notes on Participation" on the official website of the marathon, "Participants walking from the beginning are not considered to be runners and may be prohibited from participating at the discretion of the staff", and "After 17:30 at sunset" In order to ensure safety, the race may be stopped. "
- ^ Nara Marathon
- ^ Osaka / Yodogawa Citizens Marathon
- ^ KIX Quanzhou International Marathon
- ^ However, the event was canceled in 1995 due to the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake.
- ^ World Heritage Himeji Castle Marathon
- ^ "Mt. Sasayama ABC Marathon”. As of May 2007, 10オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2007th of February 9Browse.
- ^ "Okayama Marathon”. As of May 2015, 11オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2015th of February 10Browse.
- ^ "Shimonoseki Kai Hibiki Marathon”. As of May 2013, 6オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2013th of February 8Browse.
- ^ Tokushima Marathon
- ^ However, in 2011, it was temporarily canceled due to the Great East Japan Earthquake and postponed to November.
- ^ Ehime Marathon
- ^ Kochi Ryoma Marathon
- ^ Kitakyushu Marathon
- ^ Fukuoka Marathon
- ^ International Qingdao Pacific Marathon
- ^ Kagoshima Marathon
- ^ NAHA Marathon
- ^ Okinawa Marathon
- ^ X-shaped formation that enabled Kipchoge "1 hour 59 minutes 40 seconds" runtrip.jp
- ^ "Pros and cons of Kipchoge's unofficial world record for the marathon 2 hours 0 minutes 25 seconds”. As of May 2017, 5オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2017th of February 5Browse.
- ^ Tokyo Marathon 2013 Media Guide Archive October 2014, 2- Wayback machine, 29.
- ^ Athlete profile for Berhanu Shiferaw
- ^ "Shizo Kanakuri Bio, Stats, and Results" (English). Olympics at Sports-Reference.com.As of August 2019, 7オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2020th of February 1Browse.
- ^ "Japan participates for the first time: Jiji.com”(Japanese). Current affairs dot com. 2019th of February 12Browse.
- Japan Athletics Federation
- Half marathon
- Ultra marathon
- List of marathon runners
- Summer olympic
- World Athletics Championships
- World Marathon Majors (WMM)
- Stride running method
- Pitch running method
- Midfoot strike
- Long Slow Distance
- Maffeton theory
- Long distance
- Ekiden Race
- Pacemaker (athletics)
- Wheelchair marathon
- Wheelchair section
- Blind marathon
- Stairs vertical marathon
- Runner's High (living body)
- Trans-American Ultra Quiz ――There is a "marathon quiz" at the checkpoint on the way, and it is a quiz format that runs in a marathon until you win.
- List of track and field world records
- List of athletics Olympic records
- World Athletics Championships Tournament Records
- List of Japanese records of athletics
- List of records of the Japan Athletics Championships (Men)
- Record list of Japan Athletics Championships (Women)
- List of Olympic Athletics and Men's Medalists #Marathon
- List of Olympic Athletics and Women's Medalists #Marathon