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Yokozuna Hakuho, closed for 6 consecutive places 6rd long term with 3 places a year
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The Yokotsuna Deliberation Committee, an advisory body of the Japan Sumo Association, resolved to Hakuho after the place in November last year, following the recommendation to retire.
Grand sumo wrestler Hakuho Hakuho (3) = real name Hakuho Sho, from Mongolia, Miyagino stable = who had surgery on his right knee in March, is the Japanese minister on the 36th. → Continue reading
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Yokozuna Deliberation Committee
Yokozuna Deliberation Committee(Yokozu Nagi Iinkai) isJapan Sumo AssociationAdvisory body.Abbreviation isSide referee(Yokoshin).
The Yokotsuna Deliberation Committee is established based on Article 52 of the Articles of Incorporation of the Japan Sumo Association..
The reason for the installation was1950Three at the first placeYokozunaOn the wayClosedIs..By the 3rd day at this placeHigashi Fuji,Terukuni,Mt. HagurosanThe three yokozuna are closed on the way, and in front ofMaedayamaThe criticism of yokozuna became intense due to the retirement of..During the place, the association said, "Two places are closed consecutively,MovingIn the case ofOzekiHowever, if the crude overrun association was bad, it would be canceled due to public opposition...Therefore, in order to maintain the authority of yokozuna, the yokozuna licenseHouseIsYoshida Tsukasanot,SumoIt was decided that a yokozuna would be recommended by an expert with a deep knowledge of the world.In this way, the Yokotsuna Deliberation Committee was established on April 4, the same year as an advisory body to the Japan Sumo Association...The first chairmanGood anglerFormerly famous asPiaget-AristocratLegislatorSakai Tadamasa..In the summer place immediately after the inauguration, Higashifuji won the championship, and the other two also won 11 or more, urging Yokozuna to inspire..
Composition and operation
Based on Article 52, Paragraph 3 of the Articles of Incorporation of the Japan Sumo Association, the Board of Directors shall determine the necessary matters regarding the composition and operation of the committee..
The committee is said to be composed of sensible people from all walks of life who love sumo most and have a deep understanding of sumo., The committee is commissioned by the association from among enthusiasts and experts..However, members of the association cannot be members...In the past, some members had a term of more than 20 years, but at the meeting on January 1997, 1, the members were decided to have one term of two years and a maximum of five terms of ten years.Since then, the commissioned members have retired in 27 years.The current number of members is 1 or less, the term is 2 term and 5 years, and the maximum is 10 terms and 10 years...The chairperson is elected by mutual election of the members..The term of office of the chairperson is 1 term and 2 years, and the maximum is 2 terms and 4 years..
Committee members are unpaid..For viewing other than the rehearsal, purchase a ticket for each person.KokugikanNow that it ’s right behind the front referee,TV broadcastOften reflected in.Due to the recent revision of the system, it seems that it has been clarified that the re-election time of members regardless of the time of appointment is January of the year when the term of office is completed unless the member himself / herself retires due to personal reasons.
It is said that the regular meeting of the side referee will be held after the announcement of each place numbering and before the Chiakiraku post-banzuke organization meeting., Usually every placeChiakiWill be held the day after..At the request of the association, the committee will report to the association's advice on yokozuna recommendation and other various matters related to yokozuna, or make recommendations based on its proposal...Members of the association can also attend the meeting and speak, Chairman and other officers will attend.
In the Showa period, it was not uncommon for the regular meeting to end in about 10 minutes unless there was a particular agenda, but during the time of Chairman Moriya, a 30-minute "preliminary meeting" was introduced prior to the regular meeting for the purpose of revitalizing discussions. Has been done.
The Yokozuna Deliberation Committee is responsible for reporting to the inquiries from the association and making recommendations based on the proposal of the association regarding the recommendation of yokozuna and other various matters related to yokozuna (Article 52 of the Articles of Incorporation of the Japan Sumo Association)..
The biggest agenda at the regular meeting isYokozuna recommendationIt is in.NumberingHave jurisdiction over the formationRefereeHowever, if it is decided that a wrestler wants to be promoted to yokozuna, the president consults with the referee about the recommendation of the wrestler's yokozuna at the request of the director of the refereeing department.
1958(Showa 33) On January 1, the Yokozuna Deliberation Committee established and announced the internal rules for recommending yokozuna...The consulted referee will examine whether the wrestler is suitable for yokozuna in accordance with the internal rules.In response to the report from the side referee, the president convenes an extraordinary board of directors, and the board of directors resolves the promotion of yokozuna and formally decides whether or not to promote it.The rules of the side trial initially stated that "the board is not bound by the resolution of the side trial", but the current rule states that the board "respects the resolution" of the side trial...Since the board has never overturned the report of the side trial, The referee is believed to have the de facto final review of the promotion of yokozuna.
However, the referee has full authority over the promotion of yokozuna.DelegationIt is not done.If there is no consultation from the president (= the refereeing department has decided not to promote to yokozuna), the referee cannot report that the wrestler is "recommended to yokozuna".Therefore, the yokozuna promotion of wrestlers who are considered to have achieved results worthy of promotion to yokozuna may be criticized by the yokozuna, but it cannot be deliberated by the yokozuna unless the president consults.
Internal rules recommended by Yokozuna
The current internal rules are as follows.
- The wrestlers recommended for yokozunaCharacter, Excellent ability.
- As a general rule, we recommend wrestlers who have won two consecutive places in Ozeki.
- When recommending a wrestler who has achieved good results according to paragraph 2, a resolution of two-thirds or more of the attending committee members is required.
- The dignity will be deliberated based on the confirmation of the Japan Sumo Association.
"Dignity" will be judged based on the following internal rules.
- The dignity of the wrestlers recommended for yokozuna is judged based on the following items.
- The spirit of devoting himself to sumo.
- A sense of responsibility for the position.
- A sense of responsibility for society.
- Common sense lifestyle.
- Other matters required as a yokozuna.
- The dignity will be confirmed based on the above criteria by observing the daily life of the wrestler and the testimony of the master.
- The association will consult the committee with the recommendation of yokozuna, along with the circumstances of the confirmation.
There is no standard before the internal regulation is set, and in fact1954(Showa 29) May won the place and was rejected while being consulted after the placeTochinishikiLike, because there were already four yokozuna at that time, "it is not an overwhelming result to make five yokozuna forcibly."There is an example where the yokozuna could not be promoted due to the reason of ranking.
Operational status of internal regulations
The “resolution of more than two-thirds of the attending committee members” in paragraph 3 was “unanimous” at the beginning of the announcement of the bylaws.In addition, "similar good results" means "runner-up" in common sense, but immediately after the announcement of the bylaws, it was not decided what to mean.For this reason, the following confusion occurred at the beginning of the announcement.Therefore, it was revised to the current internal regulations in the wake of the case of Asashio.
- 1958(Showa 33) January After the placeWakanohana --A case immediately after the announcement of internal regulations.This place won the championship, and the previous place also won the runner-up.The winning percentage during the Ozeki era was high and the promotion seemed to be perfect, but one of the committee members (Seiichi Funabashi) Disputed the principle theory (winning two places in a row), so he took the form of "discretionary chairperson" and recommended it to Yokozuna.
- 1959(Showa 34) January After the placeAsashio ――Winning 3 places before, 2nd place just before. As it was said that "there are strong morning tides and weak morning tides," the results were uneven, and there was disagreement within the association, so the president consulted in the form of depositing clogs to the side referee, but the side referee said, "I disagree. "Unanimously" in the form of "both theories" and deposited the clogs back to the president.In the end, the promotion of Yokozuna in the morning was approved.
- 1961(Showa 36) January After the placeKashiwado - this placeTaihoLost in the victory deciding match with and tied for victory.There was some disagreement about the previous place and the place before the previous place, not even the second place, but "Daiho and Kashiwado have equal ability, and if Taiho is recommended by Yokozuna, Kashiwado who is equal to Taiho must also be recommended by Yokozuna." Kashiwado's yokozuna recommendation was decided by reasoning.
- 1964(Showa 39) January After the placeTochinoumi ――Although I won the previous place, this place was not even a runner-up.This place was runner-upQing dynastyThere was no match against Yokozuna and Ozeki at the bottom of the flat curtain, and it was interpreted that "Tochinoumi is a substantial runner-up", and Yokozuna recommendation of Tochinoumi was decided.
There are three cases in which the president actually consulted the yokozuna recommendation after the internal regulation was decided, but the yokozuna recommendation was rejected by the side court and could not be promoted to the yokozuna.However, all three have been promoted to yokozuna after being consulted again due to their subsequent success.
- 1968(Showa 43) January After the placeTamanoshima(The victory in May was judged to be "poor" and premature.)
- 1969(Showa 44) January After the placeNorthern Fuji(Inferior in grades compared to the case of Tamanoshima)
- 1994(6) After the September locationTakanohana(The place in July is not "a result equivalent to a victory")
After the announcement of the internal rules in 1958 (Showa 33)1987(62) Reported Yokozuna recommendation after SeptemberOhnokuniUntil then, he flexibly interpreted "similar good results" and did not necessarily stick to the principle of "winning two places in a row at Ozeki."Of the 2 people who were promoted to yokozuna during this time, Taiho and Kitanofuji actually won the championship in two consecutive places at Ozeki.KotosakuraThere are only 3 people.
But in December 1987Futaba blackCaused trouble,MakuuchiWithout winning inClosed businessAs a result, the Board of Appeal has taken an extremely cautious stance regarding the consultation of Yokozuna recommendation.63rd YokozunaAsahi FujiHas been shelved many times while continuing to achieve high levels of results compared to the previous yokozuna, and finally achieved the promotion of yokozuna by winning consecutive championships in May and July 1990. This is a precedent, and the 2th yokozuna since AsahifujiHima FujiUntil then, they have all been promoted with the results of winning two places in a row.During this time, in most cases, he was not even consulted unless he won the championship in a row.
2014(26) After the place in JulyCrane dragonWhen he was promoted to Yokozuna, he recommended a tie for victory → victory, and promotion other than consecutive victory for the first time in a long time.2017(29) After the September locationA rare villageIs recommended despite the fact that the championship runner-up with a two-star difference → the championship, which could have been rejected by a majority vote or sent off as an advisor, even if it is "a result equivalent to a two-place consecutive victory" , It seems that a new standard has been virtually established that one of them must win.
Other various projects related to yokozuna
In addition to the recommendation of yokozuna, the articles of incorporation of the Japan Sumo Association also handle various other cases related to yokozuna (Article 52, Paragraph 2 of the Articles of Incorporation of the Japan Sumo Association)..
According to Article 5 of the Yokozuna Recommendation by the Yokozuna Deliberation Committee Regulations, if a yokozuna falls under any of the following items, the yokozuna shall carefully investigate the actual situation of the yokozuna and by a resolution of two-thirds or more of the attending committee members. It is said to make "encouragement", "caution", "retirement recommendation", etc...However, this resolution is not binding.
- When there are many holidays.However, depending on the nature of the injury or illness, even when the patient is closed for a long time, he / she may be deliberated and allowed to recover and concentrate on treatment.
- When the body surface as a yokozuna is soiled.
- If you admit that you are very poor as a yokozuna and can't stand that much.
There are three cases in which resolutions were actually made based on this provision.
- After the place in January 2010, resolved "Retirement Recommendation" to Asashoryu
- After the place in November 2018, resolved "encouragement" for the rare village
- After November 2020, resolved "Caution" for Hakuho and Tsururyu
In addition, resolutions may be made that are not based on internal regulations.After Heisei, there are the following examples.
- After the place in September 1999, he "recommended the closure" to Wakanohana (9rd generation).
- After the place in July 2002, Takanohana was "recommended to participate in the next place".
- Harumafuji, who retired in November 2017, resolved in December that it "corresponds to a retirement recommendation."
Although it is out of the jurisdiction of matters other than yokozuna wrestlers, he often makes recommendations to associations and wrestlers from the standpoint of enthusiasts and experts. In 2009 at that timeNaruto MasterSawamura Tanosuke complains that Kisenosato Yutaka is banning training from his disciples.,Chiyo OumiYoshio Ishibashi and Uchidate made a retirement recommendationdoing.Also by wrestlersBaseball gambling problemCriticized the cancellation of the live broadcast of NHK in 2010 as a "misjudgment"..In the baseball gambling issue, the referee was completely outside the mosquito net, and he was not asked to participate in or attend the reform committee, nor was he asked for his opinion.
There are many criticisms of the referees, and there are many opinions that reform is necessary.The main criticisms are as follows.
Selection of chairperson and committee members
The chairman and committee members include the president of a newspaper companyNHKChairman, etc.MediaThere are many inauguration of related parties.this isMatchfixIt is often criticized for its intention to contain criticisms of sumo wrestling, such as problems.
Disparity in the operation of recommended internal rules between Japanese and foreigners
For foreigners Ozeki, even if they can win the cup, they often make a rough search and pose an unreasonable challenge such as "winning at a higher level".Harumafuji2009(21) 5 wins and 14 loss in May, and moreoverWhite PengWas defeated in the championship deciding match, and on the 14th dayMorning blue dragonDespite winning the match, he made it an absolute requirement to win 7 or more wins and enhance the content of sumo at the place in July, which was denounced for the change in wrestling.In that July place, he couldn't live up to his expectations with 14 wins and 7 losses, and he was the third person in Ozeki history since the Showa era to win the promotion.2012(24) The result was three years behind the fall location.
KotooshuRegarding, despite winning the same 2008 wins and 5 loss as Harumafuji in May 14, he still criticized the results of the past two places and said, "Winning at a high level (at this time, the sumo content is low. I added that even if I win 1 wins, I will not promote Yokozuna) ”is a condition...In addition, Kotooshu was unable to fulfill the ropes with 7 wins and 9 losses in the next July location and 6 wins and 9 losses in both the September and November locations.
On the other hand, Japanese Ozeki has very different contents, such as "Even if you don't win the next place, there will be talk of promotion depending on the number of wins" (Emperor,Tochitoetc).Against this background, general fans question that Japanese people are given preferential treatment over foreigners.Also exists.In addition, due to rising expectations for Japanese yokozuna, some committee members have stated that foreigners do not need yokozuna regardless of whether they are in office, in office, or after retirement, criticizing that it may discriminate against foreigners. Is also out.
On November 2020, 11, after the location, the Yokotsuna Deliberation Committee held a regular meeting at the Ryogoku Kokugikan.White PengとCrane dragonResolved "Caution". Hironori Yano, the chairman of the committee, said to Hakuho and Tsururyu, who have closed eight of the 2018 locations since November 11, which is two-thirds of the total, "There are too many holidays. Deep and strong responsibility. I want you to take it and deal with it in the future, "he said." We do not force it, but we should not continue the place where Yokozuna does not participate for too long. ".
In response to this, the voice of "discrimination" was raised, and brain scientistsKenichiro MogiIn his blog, he wrote, "What's worse is that it can be taken as discrimination and prejudice against wrestlers from foreign countries. It makes that feeling stronger when compared. ".
The rehearsal summit is an annual event organized by the side referee, gathering Sekitori people and watching the rehearsal.Tokyo·Ryogoku KokugikanDone inBook place(First / Summer / Autumn) Held before.
Previously all private (public to the press)Kasugano room(ChairmanKasuganoTime)Sumo schoolWhat was being done in the practice ring of2000From May place beforeGolden weekIs expected to be easy for many fans to participate in the near future, so it will be open to the public using the mainland of the Kokugikan. There was also a broadcast of the rehearsal overview by NHK.2010From now on, the general view of the September and January locations will be released in the same way.This is a rare opportunity for each wrestler to check the adjustment status of himself and other wrestlers just before this place.
2011January place before (1)May 12After the training session, a handshake event was held with the fans who visited the entrance hall of the building.In addition, visitors who win the lottery at the entrance will pass through the flower road, which is normally not accessible to general fans.GyojiIn front of the room, a service of presenting signed bills from Yokozuna and Ozeki and shaking hands was also implemented.
2011 Year of 5 MonthWorkmanship examination placePrevious(May 4) Has been open to the public even in an unstable situation, but there is also a decrease in the number of visitors.,2012May 7In September of the same year, the board of directors decided not to open the rehearsal sumo before the place to the public and to return to the practice at the sumo training school.Association Director of Public RelationsOctagon"The result of the discussion. We are thinking of a different form of fan service."At this point, the next public opening was undecided, but the next2013Before the place in May (May 4) Was opened to the public again.After the training, a handshake event with popular wrestlers is also held.
The Honbasho Sumo will be held during the Honbasho (January, May, September) held at the Ryogoku Kokugikan in Tokyo...The chairman of the Yokotsuna Deliberation Committee and each member watch the efforts in the Makuuchi from the square..
Chairman and committee members
|generation||Full name||Term of office|
|First generation||Sakai Tadamasa||January 1950-January 5|
|2 fee||Seiichi Funabashi||January 1969-January 1|
|3 fee||Kojiro Ishii||January 1976-January 1|
|4 fee||Yoshitaka Takahashi||January 1981-January 10|
|5 fee||Hideo Ueda||January 1990-January 11|
|6 fee||Makoto Watanabe||January 1993-January 7|
|7 fee||Asaichi Sakamoto||January 1997-January 1|
|8 fee||Kazuo Ichiriki||January 1999-January 3|
|9 fee||Tsuneo Watanabe||January 2001-January 1|
|10 fee||Yoshio Ishibashi||January 2003-January 1|
|11 fee||Shoji Ebisawa||January 2007-January 1|
|12 fee||Takuhiko Tsuruta||January 2009-January 1|
|13 fee||Hitoshi Uchiyama||January 2013-January 1|
|14 fee||Hideshige Moriya||January 2015-January 1|
|15 fee||Kitamura Masato||January 2017-January 1|
|16 fee||Hironori Yano||February 2019-|
Work history of successive chairpersons
|Work history||Number of people||Full name|
|Media||9||Mitsujiro Ishii (Asahi Shimbun→Member of the House of Representatives), Watanabe Seiki (Asahi Shimbun), Tomokazu Sakamoto (NHK), Kazuo Ichiriki (Kawakita Shimpo), Tsuneo Watanabe (Yomiuri Shimbun),|
Katsuji Ebisawa (NHK), Takuhiko Tsuruta (Nihon Keizai Shimbun), Hitoshi Uchiyama (Yomiuri Shimbun), Masato Kitamura (Mainichi Shimbun)
|scholar||3||Yoshitaka Takahashi (German literary), Hideo Ueda (Medical doctor), Hideshige Moriya (medical scientist)|
|Other||3||Sakai Tadamasa (AristocratRepresentative), Yoshio Ishibashi (Member)Kyoritsu Women's Academy Director),Hironori Yano(Chairman)|
As of January 2021, 5 people.
|Uichiro Oshima||Chunichi ShimbunThe president||2020th of February 1|
|Masahiko Takamura||lawyer,Political activist(Full-time political party, former member of the House of Representatives of the Liberal Democratic Party)||2013th of February 3|
|Ryoki Sugita||Public interest group corporation corporationJapan Economic Research CenterRepresentative Director||2013th of February 3|
|Yasutake Tango||Japanese tobacco industryPresident||2019th of February 2|
|Shunichi Tokura||作曲家,Japan Music Copyright AssociationPresident||2015th of February 3|
|Hironori Yano||Chairman of a Public Interest Incorporated Foundation||2012/7|
|Masayuki Yamauchi||Tokyo UniversityHonorary professor||2015th of February 3|
Past committee members
- Alphabetical order
|Full name||Position||Term of office||Remarks|
|Ryutaro Azuma||Ibaraki UniversityPresident||January 1956-January 2||Governor of TokyoResigned due to candidacy for election.|
|Shinosuke Abe||Political critic Former editor-in-chief of Mainichi Shimbun||January 1950-January 5|
|Yasaburo Ikeda||Keio University教授||January 1977-January 7|
|Tsuruzo Ishii||画家||January 1950-January 5|
|Kojiro Ishii||Politician Minister of Transport, President of Asahi Broadcasting Corporation||January 1950-January 5||3rd chairperson|
|Yoshio Ishibashi||Kyoritsu Girls' AcademyDirector||January 2000-January 9||10rd chairperson|
|Kazuo Ichiriki||Kawakita ShimpoChairman of the company||1988-July 2001||8rd chairperson|
|Masataka Ide||yuanJR West JapanPresident||January 2005-January 3||JR Fukuchiyama Line derailment accidentTo the decision of compulsory prosecution by|
Resigned at the same time.
|Osamu Inaba||yuanJustice, Former member of the House of Representatives||January 1973-January 5|
(Died during his tenure)
|Futaba blackOpposed to the promotion of Yokozuna to the end|
|Hideo Ueda||yuanTodaiFaculty of Medicine||January 1966-January 1||5rd chairperson|
|Makiko Uchidate||Writer,Novelist||January 2000-January 9||FemaleOnly Yokozuna deliberation committee member experienced|
Strictly deal with Asashoryu during his tenure
|Hitoshi Uchiyama||Yomiuri Shimbun Group HeadquartersThe president||January 2005-January 5||13rd chairperson|
|Shoji Ebisawa||yuanNHKPresident||January 1999-January 5||11rd chairperson|
|Chunichi ShimbunChief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board||January 2007-January 3|
|Hirohiko Oshima||yuanChunichi ShimbunThe president||January 1997-January 3|
|Ministry of EducationWelfare Promotion Association Chairman||January 1950-January 5|
|Okayasu SecuritiesTop adviser||January 2010-January 3|
|Shiro Ozaki||作家||January 1950-January 5|
(Died during his tenure)
|Lawyer||January 2013-January 3|
|Miichiro Kato||Former President of Chunichi Shimbun||January 1988-January 3|
|Chikao Kano||yuanSports Nippon ShimbunThe president||January 1976-January 1|
(Died during his tenure)
|Haruhiko Kawasaki||Japanese painter||1990-2003|
|Kitamura Masato||Mainichi ShimbunHonorary Advisor||January 2009-January 1||15rd chairperson|
|Noboru Kojima||Writer, war history researcher||January 1987-January 3||During his tenure文藝 春秋Contributed "against foreign yokozuna"|
|Sakai Tadamasa||yuanAgriculture Minister, OriginalMember of the House of Lords||January 1950-January 5||First chairman|
|Asaichi Sakamoto||Former NHK Chairman||February 1982-||7rd chairperson|
|XNUMXth generation Tanosuke Sawamura||kabukiActor,Human national treasure||January 2003-January 7|
|Shunichi Suzuki||Governor of Tokyo||January 1986-January 6|
|Masaru Suzuki||Day universityPresident||January 1976-January 1|
|Yoshitaka Takahashi||German literary||January 1964-January 5||4rd chairperson|
|medical doctor||January 1958-January 5|
(Died during his tenure)
|Takashi Tatsuno||Professor Emeritus of the University of Tokyo||January 1950-January 5|
|Takuhiko Tsuruta||yuanNihon Keizai ShimbunConsultant||January 2003-January 3||12rd chairperson|
|Mukyoku Naruse||yuanKyoto UniversityDirector of Literature||January 1950-January 5|
|Chujiro Nishino||Professor, Keio University School of Medicine||January 1950-January 5|
|Shoichi Noma||KodanshaThe president||January 1969-January 1|
|Giichi Hirai||Former member of the House of Representatives||1989-2003|
|Toshio Hiraoka||yuanMainichi ShimbunThe president||January 1980-January 1|
|Fukuchi Shigeo||Japan Broadcasting CorporationPresident||January 2009-January 3|
|Seiichi Funabashi||作家||January 1950-January 5||2rd chairperson|
|Toru Funamura||作曲家||January 2003-January 5|
|Professor Emeritus of Keio University||January 1959-January 1|
(Died during his tenure)
|yuanJapan Federation of Bar AssociationsVice-president||January 2005-January 3|
|Yasushi Mieno||yuanBank of JapanPresident||January 1991-January 1|
|Tokyo NewspaperMain brush||January 1964-January 5|
(Died during his tenure)
|Ryohei Miyata||Agency for Cultural AffairsSecretary, formerTokyo University of the ArtsPresident||January 2010-January 3|
|Mitsuo Mutai||Yomiuri ShimbunThe president||January 1976-January 1|
(Died during his tenure)
|Hideshige Moriya||Chiba UniversityDean of Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmacy||January 2007-January 3||14rd chairperson|
|Former President of Mainichi Newspapers||January 1986-January 12|
(Died during his tenure)
|Yoji Yamada||Film director,Writer||January 2004-January 1|
|Makoto Watanabe||yuanAsahi ShimbunThe president||January 1981-January 11||6rd chairperson|
|Tsuneo Watanabe||Yomiuri Shimbun Group HeadquartersPresident||January 1991-January 1||9rd chairperson|
|Watanabe||Former President of Mainichi Newspapers||January 1988-January 5|
- Taketoshi Takanaga and Hiroshi Harada, "Rapid Sumo Showa History", Baseball Magazine, published on February 1990, 2
- ^ a b c d Articles of Incorporation of Japan Sumo Association Japan Sumo Association, Viewed May 2018, 11.
- ^ a b c d Masaru Shioda, "Modern Glossary," Kinensha, November 1987, p. 11
- ^ a b Takanaga and Harada, pp. 134-136
- ^ However, since Higashifuji, Terukuni, and Mt. Hagurosan were all Yokozuna who had already built an era at this point, there is no view that their promotion itself was unjustified.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i Yokotsuna Deliberation Committee, no compensation for up to 5 terms and 10 years Nikkan Sports, Viewed May 2018, 11.
- ^ Yokotsuna Deliberation Committee Rule Paragraph 4
- ^ Yokotsuna Deliberation Committee Rule Paragraph 6
- ^ According to Rule 5 of the Yokotsuna Deliberation Committee.This rule also applies to former members (retired).
- ^ Yokotsuna Deliberation Committee Rule Paragraph 10
- ^ Yokotsuna Deliberation Committee Rule Paragraph 9
- ^ Yokotsuna Deliberation Committee Rule Paragraph 2
- ^ Yokotsuna Deliberation Committee Rule Paragraph 11
- ^ a b Takanaga and Harada, pp. 180-185
- ^ Yokotsuna Deliberation Committee Rule Paragraph 3
- ^ When the promotion of Yokozuna on Tamanoshima was rejected (after the location in May 1968), Tokitsukaze (former Yokozuna) who was the chairman at that timeFutaba) Said, "If the overwhelming opinion is given to the yokozuna at the ranking meeting, it may be possible" when asked if the association may make the yokozuna even if the committee opposes it. , Suggests that even "respect" may overturn the report (Asahi Shimbun, morning edition dated May 1968, 5. However, at this time, the promotion of yokozuna is postponed as reported).
- ^ Asahi Shimbun Morning edition dated September 1954, 5
- ^ a b c "Encouragement" A side referee resolves to a rare village that is closed on the way due to an injury to the right knee Nikkan Sports, Viewed May 2018, 11.
- ^ "Resolution of" attention "to Hakuho and Tsururyu, who are closed for three consecutive places". Nikkan Sports(July 2020, 11)
- ^ "Kisenosato Yutaka's unusual order" Nikkan Sports March 2009, 3
- ^ "A side referee advises the ocean to retire and announces that it will be closed due to loss" Daily Sports September 2009, 9
- ^ "Ozumou: Uchidate committee member, Ozeki fall," talk "to the ocean--Yokotsuna deliberation committee" Mainichi Shimbun December 2009, 12 Tokyo morning edition
- ^ "Sumo Association: Criticizing the cancellation of live broadcasting of NHK, side referee, Chairman Tsuruta". Mainichi Newspapers(July 2010, 8) [Broken link]
- ^ Yomiuri ShimbunPublished by Tokyo Headquarters "Grand Sumo』July 2008 Issue (Nagoya Place Outlook Issue) 7 pages
- ^ Takatsuki Opinion No .: It's more shameful to bend the rules than to lose to a foreign wrestler.TakatsukiCity council member April 2006, 04
- ^ Yokozuna, 2 Yokozuna's first "caution" resolution Nihon Keizai Shimbun 2020/11/23 18:45 (viewed on November 2020, 11)
- ^ The background of the birth of the Sumo Association's "Foreign masters are not good" rule is too hate speech and I am shocked Weekly Women PRIME 2020/12/1 (written by Shizuka Wada, viewed December 2020, 12)
- ^ Ryo Tanaka "All-Understanding Sumo" (Published November 2019, 11, Seibido Shuppan) pp.20-8
- ^ "Although it's free, the side referee general view, the Kokugikan is rattled ... The content is also sluggish.". Sports Nippon(July 2011, 4)
- ^ "The side trial practice summary is not open to the public" Nikkan Sports July 2012, 7
- ^ On the other hand, the "Toba Festival" held on the day before the first day of the Tokyo venue is open to the public, and after that, the "Sumo Terakoya" and "Sumo Juku" are being held with the masters as instructors.
- ^ Side referees, Hakuho without a hand "Relieved" first day general view Nikkan Sports, Viewed May 2018, 11.
- ^ a b c "Sumo』May 2020 issue,Baseball magazine company, 2020, p. 122.
- ^ "JT Chairman and former bureaucrat Tango, the total number of new members of the side trial has not changed.". Nikkan Sports(July 2019, 2) 2019th of February 2Browse.
- ^ "Hakuho maintains final decision policy based on July results. Expectations for Terunofuji's ropes"SANSPO.COM", November 2021, 5.2021th of February 5Browse.