Photo Hitomi Niiya, the representative of the XNUMX-meter Tokyo Olympics for women on land
Hitomi Niiya on land mentions anti-Olympic activities around Kunitachi "Demonstrations are natural" "How can we snuggle up?"
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On top of that, "Because they are the same people, we athletes are a profession that is established with the understanding and support of the people, so to gain the understanding of everyone who opposes (the Olympics) and who support us. Need to be close to you.
Hitomi Niiya (XNUMX = Sekisui Chemical), the representative of the XNUMX-meter Tokyo Olympics for women on land, talks about "the way athletes should be" ... → Continue reading
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Wikipedia related words
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athlete(English: Athlete) IsSportsOr someone who is familiar with other physical exercises.. Someone who is trained and skilled in sports and games that require physical strength, agility and stamina..
Athlete(Undo)athlete(Sports school),Sportsman(English: sportsman).
Oxford dictionaryThen "SportsOr those who are familiar with other forms of physical exerciseIs defined asMerriam-WebsterThe dictionary says, "Someone who is trained and skilled in sports and games that require physical strength, agility and stamina.Each definition is posted.
British EnglishSo, athlete also has a usage (as a second usage) called "A person who takes part in competitive track and field events (athletics)"..DaijisenThen mainlyAthletics,水 泳,Ball skillsWe have posted explanations such as saying about players such as.
The term "athlete" was common in Japan,1990 eraFrom the second halfEnglishThe number of "athletes" used has increased. At first, the athlete was used to mean "athletic athlete", but later it was used in the context of "professional/ama", and "person with a disability", "professional athlete in general", "professionals and amateurs active internationally" Expanded to use including "sports lovers" in general.. This transition reflects a new outlook on sports such as equality between professional and amateur sports, equality between disabled and healthy athletes, self-management of the body, improvement and expansion of sports rights, and sports as self-expression. Are.
Amateur and pro
About athletes and competitionsamateurIn the sense of an enthusiast or a loved one, it basically means someone who has a strong professional occupation other than competition and who loves it purely without using it as a means to earn a living. did. On the other hand, a "professional professional" (abbreviated as "professional") refers to a person who takes a profession to participate in competitions and obtains a living (earn money) from it.
If you're a professional athlete, you don't always get money. 『Forbes] Annual list of top 50 athletes in the world announced byAthletes numbered) Then,American Football-basketball-サ ッ カ ーNearly 8% of professionals, It can be seen that even the same professional has a large income.
The size of the Japanese sports event market isHorse racing(40%)Boat racing(16.4%)Bicycle race(12.9%)baseball(9.6%)サ ッ カ ー(5.9%)Golf(3.1%), and the market size excluding some sports is small..Professional golfer OfUeda MomokoHowever, he says that sports that cannot earn income as a professional athlete are "the sports that have no future.",Takei So``If it is a competition other than a competition where the salary system is solid as an industry system, even if it becomes the best salaryman in Japan, I will wait for the association of the competition or the industry to mature But I don't think it will be in time for my career as a player.'' There are few sports where you can get financial compensation as a professional.
Shortness of occupational life and measures
In general, the professional life of professional athletes isOccupationIt is considered to be a very short period of time. For example, in the case of Japanese professional baseball players, the average player lifespan is (slightly) about 9 years, and the “average retirement age” is about 29 years old.。また、Jリーガー(J1、J2、J3の選手）では、2013年2月の時点で1142人いるが、毎年100人以上が新規契約され、ほぼ同数が契約解除されており、統計的にはJリーガーの50〜60%程度が入団3年以内に引退している.. According to a questionnaire survey on J-Leger, 90% said "不安I feel that.
Takei SoShould consider the income and treatment of each sport and the choices of life after that when they aspire to be a professional sport, ``Do not plan to spend 10 years of junior high and high school in sports without knowing such things'' Is ringing.
Sports sociologyThen the athleteriskHigh occupationIs said to be.Masao Inoue said, "Professional athletes' specialized skills are occupational and special, so that they can prepare for their second career.Job trainingIs even more urgent. "Highly appreciated the efforts of some teams to prepare for their second career.."The ability to self-control the body, mind, and emotions, take moment-to-change situations, react instantly, and act is another skill for athletes." "This is actually any job. Is also excellent and versatile as applicable. ".. However, it is often pointed out that the athlete's lack of basic social skills and low intellectual basic ability., In the industry of former athletesneedIs few.
Life after retirement
Only a small portion of the retired athletescoach,directed byHowever, the number of people who can take posts is very small, and the majority of athletes have to walk a different professional life that has nothing to do with previous competitions... In the case of professional baseball players, "In terms of industry, there are many real estate, real estate investment sales, insurance sales, and service sales.".BusinessmanEven the athletes in the field may not be able to keep up with the company business because they have lived a competition-oriented life..
AmericanMajor league baseballFor example, for active players (such as during the off-season), it may be useful for life after retirement.Job trainingIs being carried out. After the players retired,buildingEngage incarpenter,AutomobileIn the sales industrycar dealer OfSalesmanAnd so onCareer changeIt is common for people to go through various professional lives (other than athletes and coaches), and vocational training during the active period is effective. However, according to the 2009 Sports Illustrated magazine, 60% of NBA players within five years of retirementSelf-bankruptcy78% of NFL players within two years of retirementbankruptcyTo be financially distressed.
Yokohama DeNA BaystarsFirst generationCEOThe president OfJun Ikeda``It is a reality that in many cases, I am suddenly fired without producing results in sports, and I often start a second career while feeling isolated and lonely as if I was disconnected from society. Study at your desk, when you are in troubleI read a bookWriting, writing, and expressing in wordsLearn OfBasicsHowever, there are many professional athletes who are not very familiar with it”, and proposes to improve the educational environment from the stage of student athletes..
In the Japanese soccer world, the J League Career Support Center (JCSC) was established in 2002 to provide career counseling and career design support, but it was pointed out that the employment placement function was vulnerable and the career design education of active players was inadequate. Are.
In the Japanese baseball world, almost no vocational training for the future of athletes is conducted.Japan Baseball Organization OfquestionnaireResult According to the report, the first place in "the profession that I would like to get after retiring from professional baseball" is "employee of a general enterprise", but no specific support for that is provided.2014January,Professional Baseball Players AssociationTo support the reemployment of baseball playersインターネットupperWebsiteWas launched.
- ^ a b Oxford Dictionaries, Lexico ``A person who is proficient in sports and other forms of physical exercise.''
- ^ a b Merriam-Webster "athlete" "A person who is trained or skilled in exercises, sports, or games requiring physical strength, agility, or stamina"
- ^ Oxford Dictionaries Lexico "Athlete" second usage.. It is written under "british".
- ^ Daijisen
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- ^ Japan Professional Baseball Players Association Official Page
- ^ J League CSC Survey
- ^ 1999 J League Players Association Survey
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- ^ a b c Masao Inoue (2009) (Japanese), Athletes as a Professional and Problems of Professional Sports, Japan Society of Sports Sociology, two:10.5987 / jjsss.17.2_33 2020th of February 4Browse.
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- ^ "Special reading Can't even be a salaryman!? The first "job hunting" former professional athlete Reality is tough (Weekly Hyundai) @gendai_biz". Contemporary business. 2020th of February 4Browse.
- ^ "From a professional baseball player to a certified public accountant. The difficulties of a second career that only experienced people can understand”(Japanese). Forbes JAPAN (September 2019, 9). 2020th of February 4Browse.
- ^ "Athletes' "second life", its harsh reality | Those who control "running" control work”(Japanese). 東洋 経 済 オ ン ラ イ ン (September 2016, 6). 2020th of February 4Browse.
- ^ Daisuke Sugiura. “Bankruptcy despite earning a lot of money... US athlete's "abnormal" sense of money <dot.>”(Japanese). AERA dot.. 2020th of February 4Browse.
- ^ "Why a retired professional baseball player suffers from life". Diamond Online. 2020th of February 4Browse.
- ^ Akira Yoshida, Toshio Saeki, Ichiro Kono "<Research Materials> Study on Building a Second Career for Top Athletes (29st Report)" Bulletin of Physical Education Science, Vol. 2006, University of Tsukuba, Physical Education Science, March 3, Pages 87-95.
- ^ http://npb.jp/npb/careersupport2018enq.pdf
- ^ NHK News web "Professional Baseball Players Association Reemployment Support System"
- ^