Photo Tokai University Sagami Nine, who won the 93rd Selected High School Baseball Tournament and goes around the venue = April 4, Koshien Stadium
Tokai University Sagami declines at Corona 17 members positive, selected champion
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17 of the registered members of the tournament received a positive test for the new coronavirus, and the baseball club was banned.
Kanagawa Prefecture Takano Ren is Kanagawa where Tokai University Sagami, who won the selection tournament this spring, took part in the national high school baseball championship on the 24th ... → Continue reading
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Student baseballWhat is (Gakuseiyakyu)?CountryInUniversity,high schoolAnd thoseSchool corporationHeld mainly by baseball teams that belong to the organizationbaseballCompetitionIs the general name of.JapanIn a narrow senseCollege baseballHowever, due to the structural relationship of the operating organization, the general treatment in Japan ishigh school baseballI call the one that combined.
This article describes the situation in Japan.
First, in terms of Japanese vocabulary interpretation,StudentIs generallyUniversityThatRepresentsstudentIs generallyA high school studentThatHowever, there is no definition that a student represents only a college student (a high school student is not a student).Japan Student Baseball AssociationIt is named and positioned. (In Japan, regarding the following after the war,Youth baseball-BaseballIt is regarded as a position. )
From the perspective of the organizational system that operates, the definition is the same as above.School systembyHigh school baseball,Vocational schoolbaseball,Normal schoolBaseball is also student baseball,School reformA vocational school with a new school systemVocational school,Various schoolsAlsoClub activitiesSince the baseball club in exists, it is still student baseball. On the system of the operating organizationJapan Student Baseball AssociationDoes not target them.
Based on the above explanation of definitions, in general, the structure of the operating organization is often presupposed in Japan. Therefore, student baseball is only a combination of college baseball and high school baseball (however, there are special cases, so please refer to the description about the relationship with other groups below for details). It is safe to assume that most of the time students will distinguish it from club activities, which are club activities. When using the same term to explain and introduce other student baseball, it is desirable to explain using special notes after understanding the historical background and the current operating conditions at the scene.
* Regarding the baseball club's founding, only the creation period (before the Taisho era) is listed from the viewpoint of historical material value. (For other teams, refer to other relevant materials.) Also, the school name will be the current school name, not the school name at that time.
- 1872 An American teacher at the first junior high school in the first university district (later the old system)Horace wilsonTaught the students the beginning of baseball in Japan.
- 1883 Aoyama GakuinThe baseball team is the founder (Note 1)
- 1888 Keio UniversityThe baseball club is
- 1889 Gakuin,Doshisha UniversityThe baseball club is
- 1890 Azumi High School's baseball club was founded (* old junior high school at that time)
- 1894 The baseball club of Akita High School was founded (* Old system junior high school at that time. There are various theories in the age)
- 1895 The baseball club of Kansai High School was founded (* old junior high school at that time)
- 1898 Kyoto Imperial UniversityThe baseball club is
- 1899 Kansai GakuinThe baseball club is
- 1901 Waseda UniversityThe baseball club is
- 1903 1 timesEarly raceStart.
- 1903 Kobe UniversityBaseball club
- 1906 The Waseda-Keio match is cancelled.One highThree highRegular battle begins.
- 1906 Osaka UniversityThe baseball club is
- 1909 Rikkyo UniversityThe baseball club is
- 1910 Meiji University,Tokyo University of AgricultureThe baseball club is
- 1914 SoukeiMeiji UniversityMediateThree University LeagueStarted. (Since then, the number of member schools has gradually increased. The Waseda-Keio Battle will not be restored until 1924.)
- 1915 Hosei University,Kansai UniversityThe baseball club is
- 1915 Sophia UniversityThe baseball club is
- August 1915,National secondary school championship baseball tournamentstart. (Organized byOsaka Asahi Shimbun (now Asahi Shimbun)）
- 1916 Osaka City UniversityThe baseball club is
- 1917 By 8 leading schools in the Kansai area at that timeKansai Student Baseball FederationEstablished (first generation). (Dissolved in a few years.)
- 1917 Osaka Tooth UniversityThe baseball club is
- 1919 TodaiThe baseball club is
- 1920 Kokugakuin UniversityThe baseball club is
- 1922 Osaka University,Toyo University,Hitotsubashi UniversityThe baseball club is
- 1923 AfterKinki Student Baseball LeagueBecome the mother ofFederation of three public school baseball(Kobe University,Osaka UniversityThe predecessor of 3 schools) was established.
- 1923 Day universityThe baseball club is the founding club
- 1924 January,Selected Secondary School Baseball Tournamentstart. (Organized byOsaka Mainichi Newspaper (currently Mainichi Newspaper)）
- 1924 National College of Technology Baseball TournamentStarted. (Hosted by the four Imperial Universities in Tokyo, Kyoto, Tohoku, and Kyushu. The Osaka Asahi Shimbun sponsored the qualifying round at each Imperial University location, and won the regional representative game.)
- August 1924,Hanshin Koshien StadiumWas completed. Both tournaments will be held at the same stadium.
- 1924 Wakayama UniversityThe baseball club is
- 1925 Tokyo Roku University Baseball FederationFormed.League matchStart. The Waseda-Keio battle resumed
- 1925 Senshu University,Ritsumeikan University,Koyasan UniversityThe baseball club is
- 1926 Meiji Jingu StadiumWas completed.
- 1927 The Public Baseball Federation, founded in 1923, has increased its membership schools.Kansai Six Schools Baseball FederationRenamed to (first generation).
- 1928 The former university became independent from the Kyoto University College Baseball Federation and established the Kyoto Five University Baseball Federation.
- 1928 The Kansai Six Schools Baseball Federation (first generation) has increased its membershipKansai Student Baseball FederationRenamed to (2nd generation as name).
- 1929 AfterKansai Roku University LeagueThe three university-to-school battles (Kandai, Dodai, Kyoto Univ.), which will become the mother body of, started.
- 1931 in springToto University Baseball Federation(At that time the League of Five Universities Baseball), in autumnKansai Roku University Baseball Federation(Former Federation. At that time, the name was the 2nd generation Kansai Six Schools Baseball Federation.)
- 1935 National college baseball tournament separated into high school and vocational school. (Established the National High School Baseball Federation and the National College Baseball Federation.)
- 1943 Due to the intensification of the war, all sports competitions were canceled or suspended, and the federation was temporarily dissolved.
- 1946 With the end of the war, federation activities resumed in various places. (Tokyo BigXNUMX Baseball, Tohto University Baseball, KansaiXNUMX Baseball, etc. resumed.)
- In February 1946, the National Secondary School Baseball Federation was formed.
- August 1946,Japan Student Baseball AssociationEstablished.
- 1947 Japan Student Baseball Association Formation Memorial Baseball TournamentStart. (April)
- In 1947, the National Secondary School Baseball Federation was established with the reform of the school system.National High School Baseball FederationRenamed to.
- 1947 National University Baseball FederationとNational New College Baseball FederationAre established respectively.
- 1947 prewarKansai Student Baseball FederationCentered on my schoolOsaka three university baseball leagueStarted.
- Started in 1947. (November)
- 1947 Tokyo Roku University Softball Baseball League, Toto University Softball Baseball League, and Kansai Roku University Softball Baseball League start. (All are current semi-rigid baseball leagues)
- 1948 Osaka Three University Baseball League due to increase in member schoolsKinki Roku University Baseball FederationRenamed to.
- 1949 All Japan Student Softball Baseball FederationFormed. Held the 1st All Japan Student Softball Baseball Tournament.
- 1950 Japan Student Baseball CharterEnactment.
- 1950 Japan Professional Baseball AssociationとAll Japan Softball Baseball FederationEstablished the Japanese amateur baseball rules in cooperation with.
- Started in 1950. (November)
- 1951 The ball used in the All Japan Student Softball Baseball Tournament has been changed to a semi-rigid ball. (The name of the federation and the name of the tournament remain the same.)
- 1952 Integrating the All Japan University Baseball Federation into the All Japan University Baseball FederationAll Nippon University Baseball FederationWas launched.All Japan University Baseball ChampionshipStart. (April)
- 1953 Approved as a foundation by the Japan Student Baseball Association
- 1956 In August, the National High School Soft Baseball Tournament (currently the National High School Soft Baseball Championship) started.
- 1959 Started the All Japan University Selected Softball Baseball Tournament (currently the All Japan University Selected Semi-rigid Baseball Tournament).
- 1961 Kansai University Baseball UnionLaunched
- 1964 At the end of this yearJapan Student Baseball Association Formation Memorial Baseball TournamentAbolished.
- In 1964, the Toto University Baseball League was disrupted. Withdrawal groupMetropolitan University Baseball FederationEstablished.
- 1966 Withdrew from the Japan Amateur Baseball Association in September.
- 1970 Meiji Shrine Baseball Tournament(Meiji JinguCo-sponsored).
- 1970 Established the Japan Amateur International Committee with the Japan Professional Baseball Association.
- 1972 US-Japan University Baseball ChampionshipStarted, All Japan selection team participated
- 1973 All-Japan University 9-block Japanese-style baseball tournament (currently All-Japan University 9-block Japanese-style baseball tournament) started.
- 1978 The national tournament for the All Japan Student Softball Baseball / Softball Club (then A-ball club) has started.
- 1979 All Japan University Baseball Federation approved as a foundation
- 1982 The Kansai University Baseball Union is disbanded and reorganized.Reorganized the existing 4 leagues into 5 leagues.
- 1987 The National University Women's Baseball Federation (currently the All Japan University Women's Baseball Federation) was formed.Held the 1st National University Women's Baseball Championship (currently All Japan University Women's Baseball Championship).
- 1990 Japan Baseball FederationとAll Japan Amateur Baseball FederationFormed
- 1991 All Japan Amateur Baseball Championship MatchStarted.
- 1991 All Japan Student Softball FederationAll Nippon University Softball Baseball FederationEstablished and separated. The same soft section is also available.
- 1995 The semi-rigid and softball divisions of the All Japan Student Softball Baseball Federation are separated.All Nippon University Semi-Hard Baseball Federation,All Nippon University Softball Baseball FederationIs newly born.
- 1997 The All Japan Amateur Baseball Championship Finals are over.
- Held the 1997st National High School Women's Hardball Baseball Championship in August 8
- 2000 In April, the 4st National High School Women's Baseball Selection Tournament was held
- 2003 Held the 1st National High School Women's Baseball Championship
- 2005 World University Baseball ChampionshipStarted.
- Note 1: It has been confirmed that the baseball team of Meiji Gakuin was already formed at the same time, but it is not stated because the proof of the age has not been obtained. (Only in 1945, the year when the baseball club was established as a new university)
Relationship with other sports organizations
All student baseball-related groups (whether high school/university, hard/soft/semi-hard), unlike many other sports competition federations,Japan Olympic Committee(JOC) andJapan Athletic AssociationMost of them are not affiliated with and operate based on their own principles and norms. With regard to various issues related to participation in comprehensive international competitions, a separate organization has been established jointly with other related organizations at a higher level, and it will be dealt with by becoming a member organization.
Relationships between student baseball groups and other amateur baseball groups
JapaneseStudent baseballincludingAmateur baseballThe world has long beenAdult baseball-College baseball-high school baseball-Youth baseball-Baseball-Women's baseball·OtherStudent baseball(Vocational school,Technical college) Groups have developed intricately intertwined and each has been operated independently. Therefore,Weaving system of student baseball and related organizationsWhen explaining, since it is easier to understand as a whole composition and there are many overlapping parts, it is better to explain in the relation as the amateur baseball world.The explanation in the section of amateur baseballSee.