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🥋 | What is Naohisa Takato, a gold medalist? “Why?” From the eldest son at the Rio Olympics bronze, the father of two children.


Naohisa Takato, who won the gold medal in the photo (photographed by Sho Horiuchi)

Gold medalist Naohisa Takato is the father of two children, Rio Olympics bronze, and the eldest son asked, "Why?"

 
If you write the contents roughly
I have a medal for the tournament at home, but my eldest son, who won first place at the athletic meet last year, pointed out that the medal for the Rio Olympics is not gold.
 

"Tokyo Olympics, Judo Men's 60kg Class, Final" (24th, Nippon Budokan) Naohisa Takato, a bronze medal of the Rio Olympics class, is a long-cherished wish ... → Continue reading

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2016 Rio de Janeiro Olympics

2016 Rio de Janeiro Olympics(2016 Nen Rio de Janeiro Olympics)2016May 8からMay 8Up to 17 days,Brazil OfRio de JaneiroThe 31rd held inOlympic Games.

Approximately 206 people from 11,000 countries and regions participated for a total of 19 days (Opening ceremonyPrior toMan and woman soccer(Including two days where some games were held), 2 events of 28 competitions were held. TypicallyRio de Janeiro OlympicsIs calledRio Olympics[1][2],Rio Olympics[3]Is abbreviated.

Overview

Within Brazil andSouth AmericaAndPortuguese-speakingでOlympicIs the first time that[1][2],Also,Southern hemisphereHeld in1956Held inMelbourne olympicと2000Held inSydney OlympicsIt was the third time in 16 years since[4].. In addition, according to the Games Organizing Committee, the climate of the venue will be the first summer Olympics to be held in winter.[4][5].. August in BrazilWinter seasonIn Rio de Janeiro,熱 帯Due to climatetemperatureIs around 22 degrees Celsius[6].

At this OlympicTransgenderRelaxed the criteria for changing the gender of athletes and allowed them to participate without having to undergo sexual adaptation surgery [7].

Until the 2012 London Games, medals were presented at the awards ceremony at each competition, followed by bouquets, but at this event, the Rio Olympics logo-type medal stand was replaced.[8].

Background to the host city decision

2009May 10Toデンマーク OfCopenhagenOpened in121th IOC General AssemblySo, the venue was decided by the vote of the IOC committee[9][10].

2016 Summer Olympics venue vote
cityCountry1 th2 th3 th
Rio de JaneiroBrazilian flag Brazil264666
MadridSpanish flag スペイン282932
TokyoJapanese flag Japan2220-
ChicagoUnited States flag The United States of America18--

Participating countries/regions

From each of 206 countries and territoriesNational Olympic Committee At least one player who has passed the national selection by (NOC) is participating in each country/region[Source required].. The first three countries to qualify athletes for this tournament are the UK, the Netherlands and Germany in 3.World Equestrian ChampionshipEach country elected four athletes as representatives of the dressage group by winning the medal in[11].

Brazil was the host country and was automatically qualified for a number of competitions, including qualifications for all disciplines and six weightlifting competitions.[12][13].(I.e.と南 ス ー ダ ダFor us, this is the first time for us to participate in the Olympic Games.ブルガリアとロシアWeightlifting athletes are banned from participating in this tournament due to a number of anti-doping rules violations[14][15].

Of the country of RussiadopingSuspicion has occurredWADARecommended that Russian athletes be suspended from participating in the Olympics. In August, the IOC approved 8 out of 389 Russian teams ((English edition)See also)[16].

クウェートReceived a second suspension from the IOC in October 2015 for the second time in five years after the Kuwaiti government interfered with the country's Olympic Committee.[17].

Due to civil warrefugeesFor the first timeRefugee teamWas formed and participated.

Of participating countries and regionsNational team


Conducted competition

At this competition, 28 events of 306 competitions were held. Below, the numbers in parentheses are the number of events and the order is the alphabetical order of competition names.

Review of the competition

  • 200910 Of121th IOC General AssemblyIn the 2016 Olympics, 7 out of the 2 sports considered below as new or reinstated were selected by voting.[18][19][20].. Golf has 63 votes in favor and 27 votes in opposition, and rugby has 81 votes in favor and 8 votes in opposition, both of which earned the majority required for hiring.
  • Holding decision
  • Defeat
  • Rugby is for men and women7-person rugbyCan be carried outInternational FederationWorld rugbyProposed by, and accounts for nearly half of IOC membersEuropeIs popular and has a sense of speed, short game time and holding period (proposed in 2 to 4 days for both men and women),PolynesiaIt was evaluated that there is a possibility of winning medals even in small countries such as. Selection is based on Exhaustive BallotFinal voteMethod), the majority of the votes of all members were collected in the second vote, and rugby was adopted first.
  • The selection was the golf with the majority of the votes at the time of the optional votes for the remaining three competitions, with roller sports, squash, and baseball dropped out in that order. The plan is for 3 holes (60 days) by 72 people eachStroke playIt is carried out as an individual battle ofTiger woodsThere are many famous players from each country,sponsorIt was evaluated that achievements such as acquisition will lead to the Olympics. Karate, which had the highest number of votes at the time when votes were cast for six competitions after the decision to hire rugby, reduced the number of votes each time it voted, and could not reach it.
  • Baseball/Softball/Karate/Roller sports (skateboard) Is the IOC General Assembly held on August 2016, 8,2020 Tokyo OlympicsIt was decided to be held as an additional event of.

Schedule

August 2016-8, 3, numbers aregold medalFinal number, • is preliminary, R is preliminary day, G is GALA GYMNASTICS (Open competition)

Competition / Date3456789101112131415161718192021meter
Opening ceremony-Closing sessionOpenClosed-
archery11<br>•<br>•<br>•114
Athletics354554677147
badminton<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•11215
basketball<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•112
boxing<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•1111113413
Canoe(slalom)<br>•<br>•11216
Canoe (Sprint)<br>•4<br>•4<br>•4
Bicycle(Road)11218
bicycle(Track)122113
bicycle(BMX)<br>•<br>•2
bicycle(MTB)11
水 泳(Dive)1111<br>•<br>•1<br>•1<br>•1<br>•18
Equestrian(Dressage)<br>•<br>•116
Equestrian (Integrated equestrian)<br>•<br>•<br>•2
Equestrian (Jump over obstacles)<br>•<br>•11
Competition / Date3456789101112131415161718192021meter
fencing11112111110
hockey<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•112
サ ッ カ ー<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•112
Golf<br>•<br>•<br>•1<br>•<br>•<br>•12
gymnastics(Gymnastics)<br>•<br>•1111433G18
Gymnastics (Rhythmic gymnastics)<br>•11
Gymnastics (trampoline)11
handball<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•112
judo222222214
Modern five types<br>•112
ボ ー ト<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•244414
rugby(7-person rugby)<br>•<br>•1<br>•<br>•12
Sailing<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•2222210
shooting22212122115
swimming(Swimming)444444441134
swimming(Synchro)<br>•<br>•1<br>•12
Competition / Date3456789101112131415161718192021meter
Table tennis<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•11<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•114
Taekwondo22228
Tennis<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•1135
triathlon112
volleyball(Beach volleyball)<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•114
Volleyball (indoor)<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•11
swimming(water polo)<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•<br>•112
Weight lifting122222111115
wrestling(Greco Roman)22218
Wrestling (freestyle)33222
Gold medal00000012141415201924212217251623223012306


Number of medals won by country/region

orderCountry / RegionFriSilvercoppermeter
1The United States of America The United States of America463738121
2The United Kingdom The United Kingdom27231767
3Chugoku Chugoku26182670
4ロシア ロシア19181956
5Germany Germany17101542
6Japan Japan1282141
7France France10181442
8 South Korea South Korea93921
9イタリア イタリア812828
10Australia Australia8111029
13Brazil Brazil76619

*At the end of all competitions[21].. *Posted in order of number of gold medals.

Competition venue

In Brazil, pools of a certain sizelife guardLifeguards have been placed in swimming pools, including swimming competitions, due to legal requirements[22][23].

Rio de Janeiro city

Bach district
Copacabana地区
Deodoro District
Maracana District

Out of Rio de Janeiro

Both are venues for soccer qualifying and final tournaments. Scattered across vast Brazil, farthest from Rio de JaneiroequatorialClose toManausIs about 2,800km away in a straight line[28].

Opening ceremony

The opening ceremony was on August 2016, 8Estudio de MaracanaWas held in. The opening ceremony of the Olympics was held in venues other than athletics stadium in 1900Paris olympicIt's been 116 years since then.Olympic charterAs instructed by the ceremony, the ceremonies will include prestigious ceremonies that mark the opening of international sporting events (including welcome speeches, the raising of the Olympic flag, and the marching of athletes) and an artistic presentation of the culture of the host country. It also serves as a show. The opening ceremony was attended by a crowd of about 78,000 people.[30] The creative director of the opening ceremonyFernando Meireles,(English edition,French version,Portuguese version)And(English edition,French version,Portuguese version)But as an executive producerTurin Olympic,Sochi OlympicsHandled the ceremonyMarco BalitchGot[31].. Of the most prominent choreographers in Brazil(English edition,French version,Portuguese version)Prepared more than 6000 volunteer performers to dance at the opening ceremony. The ceremony rehearsal began around the end of May 2016.[32]

Zirma RousseffPresidentWas suspended due to impeachment,Michelle TemelThe acting president made the opening declaration as the head of state.

(English edition,Spanish version,Italian version)Is the first awardee to be founded (Kenya flagKipchoge Keino) Is selected,pigeon凧Keino entered with the Kenyan Olympic kids who were fried.

It should be noted that due to the huge cost of hosting the Olympics, some citizens protested against such as demonstrations, and even during the opening ceremony there was a collision between protesters and riot police around the venue.

Closing session

August 2016, 8,Fernando MeirelesThe closing ceremony held by the general director is the same as the opening ceremonyEstudio de MaracanaWas held in2020 Tokyo OlympicsAfter the transfer ceremony to VTR,TokyoAnd a famous Japanese two-dimensional character was introduced and a collaboration with Olympian and others was held.

problem

  • May 2014, at that timeJohn Dowling CoatesVice Chairman of the IOC described Rio de Janeiro's readiness as "the worst ever." Points out delays in construction of competition facilities[33].
  • High crime rate "Level 1: Be careful." Outbreaks and infectious diseases such as yellow fever, dengue fever, Zika virus, and rabies. For details on crime prevention measures and vaccinations,External link belowSee the Consulate General website.

Zika virus

2016 in BrazilZika virusAre being spread by mosquitoes. The first vector is a mosquito, but dangerousSexual intercourseDepending on the virus, the virus may be transmitted from person to person.WHORecommended that pregnant women continue to refrain from traveling to Zika virus-infected areas[34].. It also states that if a pregnant woman's partner returns from the contagious area, she should have sex safely or refrain from having sex during pregnancy. What is safe sexコ ン ド ー ムIs to use correctly[34].

In Brazil, there are many voices of tennis players worried about participation because there is no infection control. There are voices in the men's golf and basketball circles that are considering refusing to participate.[35].

WHO go to the fieldathleteAnd list things travelers should keep in mind while staying in Brazil[34].

  • Be careful of mosquitoes by wearing light-colored clothing that covers the whole body.
  • Have sex safely, or do not have sex.
  • Air conditioning equipmentStay in a well-equipped accommodation and always keep windows and doors closed.
  • Do not stop in poverty/crowded areas or areas with poor hygiene.

Public services and security

public service

Due to financial difficulties in the city, there are situations in which services such as security, medical care, and transportation cannot be guaranteed.State of Rio de JaneiroDeclared a financial crisis. Brazilian government decided to provide support[36].. Delays in salary payments to police officers have occurred, and while police officer demonstrations have taken place, street robbery and snatching have become frequent.[37].. In addition, slums scattered throughout Rio de Janeiro due to a decrease in police morale.FavelaThe number of gun battles between gangs and police based on "is increasing.

Security

Poor security has been pointed out in the city of Rio de Janeiro even before day of the Olympics, with street robbery occurring even in daylight. The Brazilian government has rushed to maintain security by introducing military forces and special forces, but not only tourists who visited Rio de Janeiro to watch the Olympics, but also athletes, the press, and foreign officials have stolen it. , Robbery, stone damage, etc.[38][39][40].

Rio city[41]And the damage of theft is one after another[42].. Australian athletes suffered theft of equipment such as computers on July 7[43]Since then, there have been a series of thefts in the athlete's village, despite enhanced security. In addition, there have been multiple sexual assaults on women by athletes.[44].

marijuana

In Brazil, there is no penalty for possessing a small amount of personal use of cannabis, but even if it is a small amount, the cannabis control law is applied at the time of entering cannabis in the territory of Japan. It is a violation.

Tournament management troubles

Mistakes in national flags and national anthems
Pool water quality problem

There was a situation where the water in the diving competition pool turned green like algae. The management held the competition because there was no problem in safety due to a drug adjustment error. In addition, athletes complaining of eye pain and the like also appeared in the water polo pool adjacent to the diving competition pool, and it is pointed out that water quality management is inadequate. The water in the water polo pool was replaced before the synchronized swimming started on August 8.[46].

Absence of tournament volunteers

Rio de Janeiro Olympic GamesvolunteerThere are about 5 people, of which about 1 were absent from work in a week[47].

More
  • There was a problem that the bus carrying the athletes participating in the 50-meter freestyle semifinals for the women's swimming race got in the wrong place and arrived at the athletic stadium about 14 km away instead of the pool near the athlete's village.[48].
  • Of the OlympicsboxingBoysLight weightParticipated inNarumatsu DaisukeAgainstJapan Sports Promotion Center 2015About the 240 million yen grant awarded toJapan Boxing FederationAccording to the instruction, 2 yen each was distributed to two players who are not eligible for subsidies other than Narumatsu, and it was divided into three,2018It was found in some newspaper reports. It is regarded as a problem because public money was used for purposes other than its intended purpose[49].

Tournament mascot

The 2016 Rio de Janeiro Olympics mascot was open to the public on November 2014, 11[50].. The name was decided to be "Vinicius" by a public vote held on the Internet[51].Bossa novaMasterpiece of "Ipanema's daughterWas writtenVinisius de MoraisDerived from[51].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ a b “Rio Olympics Opening Ceremony Soon to Prepare at Stadium”. NHK(July 2016, 8). http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20160806/k10010623661000.html 2016/8/10Browse. 
  2. ^ a b "Rio Olympics". Chinese netJapanese version. (October 2016, 8). http://japanese.china.org.cn/life/2016-08/04/content_39024064.htm 2016/8/10Browse. 
  3. ^ "The Rio Olympics, the opening ceremony for the first time in South America [text relay]". Huffington postJapanese version. (October 2016, 8). http://www.huffingtonpost.jp/2016/08/05/rio-olympic-openig-ceremony-2016_n_11357660.html 2016/8/10Browse. 
  4. ^ a b "The first "winter" in the summer is held, the youngest 13 years old, the oldest 62 years old". Mainichi Newspapers(July 2016, 8). http://mainichi.jp/sportsspecial/articles/20160807/ddm/035/050/143000c 2016/8/10Browse. 
  5. ^ On the contrary, at the Winter Olympics, the climate of the venue has never been held in the summer season as of 2016.
  6. ^ Rio de Janeiro #ClimateSee.
  7. ^ "Rio Olympics and LGBT players have the highest number of participants"(July 2016, 8). http://www.nikkansports.com/olympic/rio2016/general/news/1698856.html 2016/8/25Browse. 
  8. ^ Rio, the reason why the bouquet presentation disappeared (Seiji Inose) Yahoo! News August 2016, 8
  9. ^ 16 Olympics held in Rio South America's first IOC General Assembly, Tokyo lost -47NEWS October 2009, 10
  10. ^ However, because Tokyo is the city hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics, Tokyo will appear at the closing ceremony.
  11. ^ “Rio Olympics gets 1st qualified athletes”. USA Today. Associated Press. (March 2014, 8). http://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/olympics/2014/08/26/rio-olympics-gets-1st-qualified-athletes/14626231/ 2014/8/26Browse. 
  12. ^ “UCI and IOC agree qualification quotas for Rio 2016”. Reuters. (May 2014, 5). http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/05/07/us-olympics-cycling-idUSKBN0DN0TF20140507 2014/8/26Browse. 
  13. ^ "Weightlifting qualification criteria for Rio 2016 approved by IOC”. Inside the Games (February 2014, 2). 2014/8/26Browse.
  14. ^ "Bulgarian weightlifters banned from Rio Olympics after CAS rejects appeal against ban for doping violations”. Australian Broadcasting Corporation (January 2016, 1). 2016/8/6Browse.
  15. ^ “Strong statement by the IWF Executive Board”. International Weightlifting Federation(July 2016, 6). http://www.iwf.net/2016/06/22/strong-statement-by-the-iwf-executive-board/ 2016/8/4Browse. 
  16. ^ 271 Russian players to participate in the Rio OlympicsBBC August 2016, 8 (viewed August 5, 2016)
  17. ^ "Olympics-Kuwait ban remains in force as ties with IOC deteriorated". Yahoo Sports. 2016/1/2Browse.
  18. ^ Olympics, golf and rugby adopted Baseball, software, karate lost -47NEWS October 2009, 8
  19. ^ IOC Executive Board proposes 2 additional sports for the 2016 Games: Golf and Rugby August 2009, 8
  20. ^ "Golf and Rugby Have Best Shot at Being Added for 2016 Games". New York Times (September 2009, 8). 2019/9/8Browse.
  21. ^ The latest data can be confirmed on the official website (Rio 2016 Olympic Medal Count)
  22. ^ "Olympics = Rio swimming pool, legally placed lifeguards". Reuters(July 2016, 8). http://jp.reuters.com/article/swimming-olympic-lifeguard-idJPKCN10H03Z 2016/8/10Browse. 
  23. ^ "Are these the three oddest jobs at the Rio 2016 Olympics?". with the BBC (September 2016, 8). 2016/8/10Browse.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "31st Olympic Games (2016 / Rio de Janeiro) Competition Venue --JOC". Japan Olympic Committee. 2021/9/15Browse.
  25. ^ a b c d "31st Olympic Games (2016 / Rio de Janeiro) Competition Venue --JOC". Japan Olympic Committee. 2021/9/15Browse.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i "31st Olympic Games (2016 / Rio de Janeiro) Competition Venue --JOC". Japan Olympic Committee. 2021/9/15Browse.
  27. ^ a b c d "31st Olympic Games (2016 / Rio de Janeiro) Competition Venue --JOC". Japan Olympic Committee. 2021/9/15Browse.
  28. ^ Consulate-General of Japan in ManausRetrieved November 2016, 8.
  29. ^ a b c d e "31st Olympic Games (2016 / Rio de Janeiro) Competition Venue --JOC". Japan Olympic Committee. 2021/9/15Browse.
  30. ^ "Opening Ceremony of Rio 2016 Summer Olympics". 2016/8/7Browse.
  31. ^ "Rio Olympics committee reveals opening ceremony details”(May 2015, 7). 2016/8/7Browse.
  32. ^ "Opening ceremony choreographer promises masterpiece of dance and passion". 2016/8/7Browse.
  33. ^ “The 2016 Olympics will be held again in London? Rio de Janeiro's lack of preparation is serious”. Gizmodo Japan (Gizmodo Japan). (May 2014, 5). http://www.gizmodo.jp/2014/05/2016.html 2014/7/30Browse. 
  34. ^ a b c Zika virus and the Olympic and Paralympic Games Rio 2016 World Health Organization, 12 May 2016
  35. ^ "Voice of concern about Zika fever Rio Olympics"(July 2016, 6). http://mainichi.jp/sportsspecial/articles/20160701/k00/00m/050/056000c 2016/8/8Browse. 
  36. ^ State of Rio "Failure to hold Olympics" Declaration of emergency due to financial difficultiesAsahi Shimbun June 2016, 6 (viewed August 18, 2016)
  37. ^ Rio Olympics "Welcome to Hell" Police officers protest demonstration for salaryAsahi Shimbun June 2016, 7 (viewed August 6, 2016)
  38. ^ XNUMX yen stolen in an athlete's village, staff arrested French handball player's roomSankei Shimbun August 2016, 8
  39. ^ US swimmer Locte, four, robbery victims Rio OlympicsCNN January 2016, 8
  40. ^ Rio Olympics bus attack, “stone” announced by security officerAFP January 2016, 8
  41. ^ Theft, robbery... Damage to Japanese by XNUMX cases within XNUMX days of openingSankei Shimbun March 2016, 8
  42. ^ In the Olympic Village, a series of robbery organization committees are busy respondingNHK July 2016, 8
  43. ^ Rio Olympics Australia team stolen in athletes village, organization committee strengthens securityAFP January 2016, 8
  44. ^ Investigating the Bulgarian Olympic athletes on suspicion of assault, the victim is a cleaning staff of the athlete village againAFP January 2016, 08
  45. ^ Design Miss Rio Organizing Committee remakes on Chinese flag at award ceremony Asahi Shimbun 2016/8/9
  46. ^ Discolored pool To replace water before synchronizationNHK July 2016, 8
  47. ^ Volunteers disappear one after another due to harsh labor "I have been working for two consecutive weeks" [Rio Olympics]Haffinton post August 2016, 8
  48. ^ National flag/pool... optimistic response with Latin laverAsahi Shimbun November 2016, 8
  49. ^ Rio Olympics Boxing Grant Diversion Federation distributes to unqualified playersMainichi Newspaper March 2018, 7
  50. ^ "Rio 2016 Mascot Vinicius-Origin, Design and Photos”. Olympic.org. 2017/12/8Browse.
  51. ^ a b "The Rio Olympics mascot is derived from Vinissius'Ipanema's daughter'”. JOC (December 2014, 12). 2017/12/8Browse.

Related item

外部 リンク


Sports day

Sports day(Yes, English:Sports day) IsDedicated to pre-school and extra curricular,Company(Companies), regional groups (Community) (Children/students) and other participants and the cooperation of the operation will be carried out according to the prescribed programphysical educationActivity event[1].sports festivalSometimes referred to as (great).

The United Kingdom,GermanyAlthough it has its origins in physical education events, the athletic meet in Japan has become widespread in society since the end of the Meiji era for the purpose of "national prestige," "rich country strong soldiers," and "health promotion."[2]Because it is a "physical education event unique to modern Japan"[3]To be[4](See also history section).

Overview

Athletic fieldAnd mainly use athletic abilityCompetitionAnd play.

Junior high school-UniversityThen "sports festivalIs often referred to as ","Large athletic meet'[5]"Sports Conference""Sports competition""Sports festival[Note 1]There is also a nickname such as ".

Often held once or twice a year, it used to be a fall tradition, but nowadays it is most often done.Spring:(5-6), thenFall:(9-10).HokkaidoIn autumn, the weather is bad, so overwhelmingly most elementary schools hold from late May to early June.[6].. Also, the climate is cool in the whole country except Hokkaido.heatstrokeThat there is little influence such astyphoon,autumn rainIn order to avoid postponement/cancellation due to the weather such asNHKAccording to the results of a survey conducted byTokyo 23 WardAnd 20 nationwideGovernment-designated cityOf the approximately 3700 public elementary schools, 66 schools, or 2400% of the total, held athletic meet in the spring.[7][8][9].. The athletic meet is divided into spring and autumnSchool excursion,HikingIt is often because events such as do not overlap with other schools.

School athletic meet

Elementary school, junior high school, high school, and special needs school

Course of StudyIn "special activity" inschool eventIt is an event held by the voluntary participation of children and students. Its purpose is to cultivate a sense of solidarity, cooperation, harmony, and solidarity.[10].. Depending on the school, there are cases where ball games or class matches are held in place of the sports festival and athletic meet.

UniversityIn the case of not a school playground[11],localAthletic field,gymnasiumIn some cases, such facilities may be used.

In the Tohoku region, on the morning of the sports dayWolf smoke(fireworks) Is sounded to inform the decision[12].

Competition method
Red and white (red and white)It is common to create teams with different colors such as to compete with each other,Cheer teamSometimes formed.GunmaThen.Jomo SanzanIt is often divided into three groups: Akagi, Haruna, and Myogi. In some schools, in addition to the red and white groups, green, blue and yellow groups are set. In middle school and high school, there may be a class competition. In that case, color is often set for each class. In elementary and junior high schools, I used to practice competition and cheering for half a month-one and a half months ago,5 days a weekAs a result, the practice period is about 1-2 weeks, especially in junior high school.
At public elementary and junior high schoolsSet gymnastics,ダンスlikeMass gameWill be shown at the grade level, at the whole school, or at all boys and girls, but in high schools there may not be such a case. It is said that private elementary and junior high schools and high schools often do only free-choice competitions, and there are times when it is almost a bumpy performance. In addition, the entrance march today軍隊To make the ceremony orderly,Goose foot march,Nazi saluteSchools for people are also found all over the country, and it is becoming a problem centered on online media.
At the stage of compulsory education, there is an atmosphere that emphasizes the unity of the grade classes.relayIs often done. In middle school and high schoolClub activitiesCounter-relays may also occur. In addition, at that timehandicapMay be attached.
back ground
Japan Modern nationIt is said that the athletic meet played a major role in the process of forming[Who?].. For one,Local autonomyThe maintenance of the systemindustryThe reorganization of the traditional local community due to the progress of the evolution has contributed to the integration of the local community. Reconfirm the solidarity of the local community centered on the school by firmly participating in the athletic meet not only for current students but also for adults in the area, and adults who do not send their children to school Became possible. The athletic meet is "HalleIt played an important role in strengthening the sense of solidarity in the local community while playing a role as a place of "."
Tools
The main ones are large ones, equal flags,corn,Bigflag,stationFor ball throwsbasket, Small things, small flags,rope,rubber,ball,Rope,ropeEtc. Tools will be prepared by faculty members, children, and PTA on the day before and on the day.
lunch
Athlete's lunch was brought in the school yardBox lunchThere were many scenes where parents and children would eat together. However, while there are families where even relatives and friends gather and perform grandly, there is also an opinion that "a child of a family where parents cannot come (for work etc.) is poor", and the school prepares a lunch box, Let them eat in the classroom, or as usualLunchThe number of schools giving out is increasing. In northern Kanto,A stallBut some regions sell lunch, and some families use it.
In addition, due to factors such as the difficulty in securing time for preparing and practicing athletic meet, there is a tendency to shorten the time for athletic meet, and as a result, more and more athletic meet without lunch time are increasing. 2018 yearHokkaidoSapporoIn the elementary school example, more than half are held until noon[13].
Cheer
Cheer teamWas formed, in front of the event, during the implementation,Cheering battleOften do. The practice of the cheering party is generally about half a month. In addition, there are children and parents who support their families, groups, and friends at the children's seat.
clothing
Children-studentIs basicallyGym clothesWear it, but depending on the type of expression, etc.家庭,Dedicated to pre-school and extra curricularAnother prepared inClothingMay be done by wearing theLeaderAlso prepared by the schoolNon-wovenSome schools wear made costumes.underwearIs the same as when exercising for other sportsSports braWear sports underwear or similar underwear.Set gymnastics,Cavalry battleEtc., upper bodynakedAnd loincloth (boys only)barefootThere is a case to do it.
photograph
The parents of this athletic meetカメラThere were many scenes that were filmed and video shots, but in recent yearspersonal informationFor protection, crime prevention, and safety reasons, some schools prohibit photography by non-contracted professionals. In the past, people unrelated to school enteredBloomersAppearanceChest-Bouncing milk・Sometimes it was filmed mainly for girls with transparent bra, but abolition of bloomers[14],puberty(Thelarche ・breast OfTanner stageII) AfterbraWear and show through bra prevention[15]Thorough[16], It is currently decreasing due to restrictions on admission for non-parties.

Vocational school

Vocational schoolIn general, there are often no sports facilities unless physical education departments or clubs are set up.[17]If you hold a sports day, you often rent a local physical education facility. However, there is no obligation to hold it as an event[18], The athletic meet itself may not be held depending on the school.

Corporate athletic meet, local athletic meet

Workplace (company etc.)Region(Municipality), etc., but in recent years there is also a trend to cancel the holding or reduce its scale. It may be canceled due to the poor management conditions of the company for the athletic meet in the workplace, and for the local athletic meet due to depopulation and weakening of connections. In addition, there is an interpretation rule concerning athletic competitions in “Regarding disasters associated with athletic competitions outside of business” (Head 12.5.8, No. 366).

History

The origin of athletic meet is said to be in Europe, but in Europe and America, depending on the culture of physical education and sports, on the one hand, special events and sports competitions that combine them, and on the other hand, traditional play festivals and picnic events by children. And so on, leading to today[3].. Therefore, a physical education event in which participants participate in a certain program, such as a Japanese athletic meet, in order to compete and perform as a whole, is called a "physical education event unique to modern Japan."[3].. In addition to Japan, the event-type physical education events found in Japan areTaiwan,Korean Peninsulaな どJapanese ruleIt has become popular and has survived. But, South KoreaIn recent years,Japanese Emperor Remains"There is a movement to abolish the athletic meet. Gathering at a running pace or marching in a line, synchronizing roll calls and voices,BunkaraThe remnants of the wartime period such as the support of the wind and the replacement of the military song "Infantry's main character" are well established.

The athletic meet started in JapanMeijiIt is an era. Originally, the athletic meet was called “competition game”, “gymnastics”, “athletic competition”, etc.[19].

According to the established theory, the first athletic meet held in Japan1874May 3,Navy soldier dormitoryMade inCompetition gameTo be[20][19](EnglishmanEnglishteacherFrederick William StrangeIt is said that it was done under the guidance ofThe University of Tokyo Reserve GateBut athletic meet is held[Source required]). However,1868In the shogunateYokosuka WorksThere is also a theory that the first thing was done by engineers and craftsmen in[21].

1878May 5ToSapporo agricultural school"Riki Geikai" was held at[22][19].. It is said that after that, it spread to elementary and junior high schools in Hokkaido within a few years. Also,1882ToMeiji Law School[23],1883ToTokyo University[19],Tokyo College[24]But athletic meet came to be held.

Then the first generationMinister of Education-Yuri MoriBegan to hold an athletic meet at school to recommend group training for physical education.

Japanese ruleexperienced South Korea,north korea,Taiwan,Northeastern ChinaThe school also has an athletic meet as a remnant of the Japanese era.

During World War II, the color of war became stronger in the athletic meet events, such as horse-riding, field matches, and marching, but at the end of the war, the playing field became scarce due to food shortages.FarmlandIt is said that there are many cases where implementation becomes impossible due to[25].

Message

Originally, the event is to announce the results acquired in physical education classes according to the curriculum on a regular basis, but some programs have unique colors and actual conditions of the district school such as play and performance not included in the curriculum. Performances tailored to are approved at the discretion of each municipality.

Typical competitions/plays held at the athletic meet

In recent years, many schools have given different names to sports such as team sports.

ACCIDENT

Due to the nature of some performances, accidents such as death of children and students, paralysis of the body, hearing loss, loss of eyesight, and movement disorders were found to occur due to falls, shocks and collisions. Some municipalities are taking measures such as refraining from conducting some performances or significantly shortening the time of events due to reasons such as litigation risk and safety. in JapanNational compensation lawBased on the above, when a teacher is a public employee of a national or local public organization and performs its duties, if the child or student is illegally damaged due to intentional or negligence, the national or public organization shall be liable for damages ( (National Compensation Law, Article 1, Paragraph 1)[27]

heatstroke

Every year, there are many cases of group outbreaks of heat stroke among students due to practice and implementation of athletic meet including extracurricular activities on a hot day, and outdoor activities under hot weather.

Accident response

Unlike injuries caused by traffic accidents, injured persons are rarely moved as much as possible and urgent requests are not made directly from the accident site. The procedure of transporting is taken[28].

Accident prevention
About prevention of heat stroke accidents (request)(*External link) Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology May 27, 5
Heat Index (WBGT)-Ministry of the Environment heat stroke prevention information website
Ministry of the Environment Heat Stroke Prevention Information Website Contact-Frequently Asked Questions

Classic song

In addition to these songs, there are marches for athletic meet and athletic festival for schools.[29].. In recent years, I often use it.
The songs at the entrance and exit at the opening and closing ceremonies are often performed live by the music club and music band of the school.

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ "SpofesIt may be abbreviated as "".

Source

  1. ^ Japan Athletic AssociationSupervised "Latest Sports Encyclopedia" p.94 Daishukan Bookstore 1987
  2. ^ A historical study on the physical education of high school girls in the Meiji era Chieko Oya
  3. ^ a b c Supervised by the Japan Sports Association "Latest Sports Encyclopedia" p.96 Daishukan Shoten 1987
  4. ^ Supervised by the Japan Sports Association "Latest Sports Encyclopedia" p.94-96 Daishukan Shoten 1987
  5. ^ Example "Health Sapporo 21" large athletic meet
  6. ^ Elementary school athletic meet will be held from May to June! Athlete meet information in Hokkaido
  7. ^ Elementary school athletic meet More spring than autumnNHK News August 2016, 10
  8. ^ "Autumn tradition" athletic meet changed-"Spring" held also increasedSaga Shimbun June 2006, 7
  9. ^ Athletic season fall to spring, two semesters and heatKanagawa Shimbun October 2012, 10
  10. ^ "New School Education Complete Works 14 School Events" p.156 Gyosei 1995
  11. ^ In the case of high school, it is said that there is no need to prepare for exercise facilities "when there are special circumstances and there is no obstacle to education" ("High school establishment standard"From Article 16).
  12. ^ The voice of "stop" in the fireworks in the early morning The custom of Tohoku that informs the athletic meet, schools to send off in Sendai increase - Kahoku Shimpo
  13. ^ "“Short-time athletic meet” spreads School and parent Honne who even jump to the theory of abolition”. Post Seven (November 2018, 5). 2019/5/19Browse.
  14. ^ The bloomers themselves became a problem. "Bloomers # Opposition Movement and DeclineSee.
  15. ^ The bra is ridiculous|Underwear questions|Elementary school/junior high school girlsUnderwear worries|Girls badenabi
  16. ^ 10 years old. Timing to start talking about "chest" with my daughter Today's high school girl, no bra, athletic meet is NG from the development and crime prevention side! - 2015May 2-Nikkei DUAL
  17. ^ It is said that it is necessary to prepare depending on the purpose ("Standards for establishment of special training schools(From Article 45, Paragraph 2).
  18. ^ In the first place, there are no rules regarding events in the “standards for establishing specialized training schools” → “educational curriculum”.
  19. ^ a b c d Supervised by the Japan Sports Association "Latest Sports Encyclopedia" p.95 Daishukan Shoten 1987
  20. ^ History of the Naval Academy
  21. ^ "Encyclopedia of Sports" p.66 Maruzen 2007
  22. ^ History of the XNUMXth anniversary of the founding of Hokkaido Imperial University
  23. ^ Meiji University, "Meiji University Centennial," pages 40-41
  24. ^ Before "Waseda Sports" [1st] – Waseda Weekly
  25. ^ "Encyclopedia of Sports" p.67 Maruzen 2007
  26. ^ In the past, there were time challenges such as the class opposition "Thirty-three-one-legged" that was featured in TV programs, but during the performance, many injured continued, such as a chained fall, and the fire soon fell.
  27. ^ Damages Claim Case Nagoya District Court Case information
  28. ^ It is better for us to change the way we look at the athletic meet-Interview of a parent who was seriously injured by her gymnastics-
  29. ^ Broadcasting BGM for competition using commercially available CDs etc. is generally done for the purpose of non-profit, free of charge, no compensation, so it is not necessary to understand the copyright holder, but beyond this purpose Of course, the copyright holder's consent is required before use. However, many of the standard songs have already exceeded the copyright protection period, and the copyright has disappeared.

References

Related item

外部 リンク

  1. ^ About heat stroke measures in athletic meet practice period Yamatohigashi Elementary School
  2. ^ About heat stroke measures and WBGT measurement Feature-Japan Sports Promotion Center
  3. ^ Prevention of heat stroke and first aid Japan Sports Promotion Center

 

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