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⚽ | [U-XNUMX] Is it Osim's achievement to enter the XNUMXth place? Chairman Tajima "Polyvalent can be done"


Japan Japan decided to enter the top XNUMX with XNUMX consecutive wins

[U-XNUMX] Is it Osim's achievement to enter the top XNUMX? Chairman Tajima "I can do polyvalent"

 
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On top of that, he said, "History makes Japanese soccer.
 

It is thanks to former national coach Ivica Osim that the men's soccer team facing the Tokyo Olympics won the quarterfinals ... → Continue reading

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Japanese soccer

Japan Ofサ ッ カ ーNow, we will describe the soccer game (kicking) in Japan.

Name

in Japanサ ッ カ ーIs called, and in kanjiKick ballIs applied.

From the early 1900s to the 1940s, when football came to Japan, we made it into Katakana.Foot ballMade Association Football KatakanaAssociation football[1]Made the Association Katakanaassociation[2] Various names were used.Ah

There was also a way to guess the kanji called kick ball from around this time. The Kanji for Kickball isCujuInspired by, in fact, when football was first introduced to Japan, the sport was considered to be a type of kick ball played by Westerners. Furthermore, when the word "kick ball" was first used, the use of "kick ball" and "kick ball" was undifferentiated. This indicates that the concept of "kick ball" and "kick ball" was undifferentiated. The concept of "kick ball" was established separately for "kick ball" because it had to wait for Japanese people to start accepting football in earnest, and the term "kick ball" was completely separated from "kick ball". The establishment is in line with this. Also, with this kick ball and association footballA-type kick ballWas also called. The original word "Soccer" began to be used around the 1960s. "Assoc"eroc" added to "soc" of "iation", and its coined word was often found in the slang of English students in the past, and around 1889, it was called "Rugger (Rugby football)". It was originally used by Oxford University students as a counterword. Besides thisSockerThere is also a reading example.

The word "kickball" became unusable in the mass media in 1946, shortly after the war, because the word "kick" became out of kanji. It was under American occupation at the time, but in the United States, "football" is generallyAmerican Football"Association football was sometimes called "soccer", and the name "soccer" came to be used in Japan.

Various names are used in clubs that were founded before "soccer" became popular to distinguish it from rugby,Keio UniversityThe name of the soccer club in is "socker club", but this was purposely named to distinguish it from the "kickball club (rugby club)" that was created earlier.[3].. Besides thisWaseda[4],Tokyo University,Hitotsubashi UniversityIs the "A-type kick ball section". The official name of the Waseda Rugby Club is "rugby kicking club".

History

Introduced

Introducing soccer to Japan1872ToKobe City OfForeign settlementThat the first match was held in 1866横 浜 市YamateBritish ArmyThere is a theory that the first match was played. The content of the game was "Military" VS "Citizen" "Yokohama citizen 3 years or more" VS "Yokohama citizen 3 years or less". 1873,Tokyo cityKyobashi WardTsukiji OfNavy soldier dormitoryAt, British Navy CommanderArchibald Lucius Douglas Introduced by the Second British Naval Mission to Japan, headed by[5] There is also a theory that the first is, but it is not clear. Another theory is1874, Faculty of Engineering Engineering Dormitory (CurrentFaculty of Engineering, University of Tokyo)ofEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euThere is also a theory that human surveyor Limer Jones taught football as part of physical education. The Japan Football Association supports the Douglas "major" origin theory. After thatKobe,YokohamaIn a city with a port of trade with foreign countriesEnglishmanA soccer club was established by foreigners centered around, and soccer was played. The first appearances in these port citiesスペイン OfBarcelona,イタリア OfGenoa,Brazil OfRio de JaneiroThe same example as is that there is no time to enumerate.

Late in the 1870sWealthy soldiersAs a part of the maintenance of the healthy body of the people, as part of military trainingphysical education”, the germ of the concept of “gymnastics” came to be seen.1879Was established in the process of training teachers in physical education.Gymnastics schoolIs. Gymnastics schoolGenso Tsuboi The1885The association-style football is introduced as a "football" in the outdoor play method written by.

Also, soccer comes firstNormal schoolIn KobeMikage Normal SchoolIt was very important to be accepted in.KinkiBecame an advanced soccer field, and through exchanges with normal schoolsTokyo Higher Normal School(Hereafter, Tokyo Higher Normal School) (currently University of Tsukuba) and other normal schools nationwide have influenced the follow-up.Tokyo Higher Normal School will start up as Japan's oldest soccer team. (1896) (Former University of Tsukuba Athletic Association Kickball Club) And1917May 10Held a Kinki kick-ball tournament centered on the Kinki Normal School.

What became popular at this normal school for teacher training was that the members graduated and became teachers in various places, which had a ripple effect across the country.secondary school,high schoolIt was influenced by the fact that it spread to. Of these, the Kinki region was relatively fast in accepting football, and was widely played at secondary schools in the prefecture. With the spread of football in secondary school,1918ToOsakaToyonaka Village (currentlyToyonaka City)ofToyonaka Ground1st Japan Football ChampionshipWas carried out. This continues todayNational High School Soccer ChampionshipIs the beginning of. High school championships until 1975 in Osaka,HyogoIt was held in the Kinki region centered on both prefectures.

womanSoccer1920In the teenKagawa Prefectural Marugame High SchoolThere are still pictures of students in Hakama playing soccer during their athletic meet.[6],afterwards,1960Women who play modern soccer began to be seen little by little from their generations.

Dawn

1917 years,Tokyo Higher Normal SchoolThe 3thFar East Championships OfSoccer competitionI participated in. This is the first time that a team representing Japan played an international match. Result isRepublic of China0-5 to the representative,フィリピンLost to the national team 2 to 15[7].. In 1918,National High School Soccer ChampionshipThe predecessor ofJapan football tournamentBy this time, many domestic tournaments were held, and at that time, soccer had spread to some extent in Japan.

Also, on March 1921, 9Japan Football AssociationThe predecessor, the Japan Association of Kicking Balls, was founded.Emperor's Cup All Japan Soccer ChampionshipThe predecessor, the A-style national soccer championship competition was held, and organizations and tournaments that could be said to form the basis of current Japanese soccer were also showing up. The 1923 6th Far East Championship match was the first in JapanInternational A MatchIs certified as a match[8].. At the 1927th Far East Championship in 8, the Japanese national team defeated the Philippines and won their first victory at the international competition.[9].

In 1936, the Japanese national teamBerlin olympicFirst time inOlympic soccer competitionI participated in. Here, the Japanese national team was one of the candidates for the championshipスウェーデンDefeated the representative (Miracle of berlin).

1954 FIFA World Cup/QualifyingFor the first time Japan participated in the World Cup qualifying. In addition, since the Republic of China declined to participate in Japan, South KoreaHowever, they did not participate in the main battle because they lost 1 minute and 1 loss.1960 Rome OlympicsAlso played in, but lost in qualifying[10].

In 1964, the Japanese national teamTokyo OlympicsI participated in. The Japanese national team fought in Group D, overwhelming the Argentine national team by reversing here, and survived the Group D battle, leaving the best 8 results.[10][11].

1965 years,Japan Soccer League(JSL) has started.

In 1968, the Japanese national teamMexico City OlympicsOf the host countryメキシコBeat the representativebronze medalWas won. This was Asia's first medal in Olympic soccer. In addition, of Japanese representativeSportsmanshipWas praised byFair play awardWon[10].. At this competitionKunimoto KamamotoHas won the tournament top scorer.

However, in the 1970s and 1980s, he couldn't stand out in international competitions.[12].. On the other hand, various reforms were being carried out in Japan during this period, and it was also an era when Japanese football became a breakthrough.[13].

1972, first in Japan in TokyoWomen's footballBecome a clubFC JinnanWas established.

After 1993

1993 years,Japan Professional Soccer League(J League) was founded and started. In 1996J League Centennial PlanTo raise the level of Japanese soccer from a long-term perspective,Football cultureWas set as the goal.

1997 year 11 month,1998 FIFA World Cup Asian Third National Team(Johor Bahru Delight)(I.e.He defeated the national team and decided to participate in the World Cup for the first time.1998 FIFA World Cup(Main battle) ended in all three losses,Masafumi Nakayama Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euIn the national match, he recorded the first World Cup score as a Japanese national team.

2002 FIFA World Cup OfロシアHe won his first World Cup victory in the national match. In addition, from the 1998 convention2018 competitionHe has participated in the World Cup finals for six consecutive games until 6 and2010 competition, 2018 tournament has advanced to the final tournament.

Former Japan national team also participated in the World CupNanami HiroshiCommented in an interview, "Japan's soccer is steadily improving its level, and the World Cup participation that was once said to be a dream is now called "come to play".[14].

In women's soccerJapan national soccer teamHas world-class capabilities,2011 OfGermany World CupHas won the championship. Other2012 London Olympicssilver medalShines in2014 AFC Women's Asian CupHas won a number of titles such as winning the.

Supervising organization

Currently, there is a general organization that supervises almost all events related to soccer competition in Japan."Public interest incorporated foundationJapan Football Association'(Japan Football Association; JFA).

1921May 9Becomes the predecessor to"Dai Nippon Kickball Association"Was established,1929May 5ToInternational Football FederationJoined (FIFA)[15][16].. However,1940AroundSecond World WarThe battle circumstance gradually became fierce, and the fact that Western-style sports competitions, including football, were "symbols of hostile culture" was abolished by the Japanese government at the time, which was to be abolished at the same time. "Dainippon Kickball Association" will leave FIFA[16].1942In April, due to the worsening of the war situation,FoundationDainippon Athletic AssociationWas reorganized into a group, and the "Dainippon Kickball Association" became a group ("Kickball Division") with other sports groups and temporarily disappeared.[15][16].. World War II ended on September 1945, 9. After the end of World War II1945May 11Received disqualification from FIFA because FIFA could not pay the dues[17][18][19].1947May 4To"Japan kicking ball association"After changing the name to[15][16],1950May 9Rejoined FIFA with the same name[16][18].1974May 8ToFoundationAnd,"Japan Football Association"Changed name to (JFA). With this, 53 years since the birth of the associationVoluntary groupI got out of the state[16][20].. From April 2012, 4, JFA hasFoundationからPublic interest incorporated foundationMove toMinistry of educationCompletely independent from[16][21].

The Japan Football Association (JFA) welcomes all people involved in soccer as "soccer lovers = soccer family" and promotes the expansion of the soccer family by actively providing benefits from JFA. In 2015, the football family had 526 million.The newly set "JFA Goal 2030" sets the goal of increasing the number of soccer families to 2030 million in 800.2019 informationIs as follows.The number of registered soccer teams is 27,670, the number of players is 878,072, the number of managers is 10,433, and the number of referees is 281,125.

match

1888 (21th year of Meiji)Kobe old settlementNational Park (East amusement park) Made inKobe Regatta and Athletic ClubYokohama Cricket and Athletic ClubMatch with Japan is recorded as the oldest soccer official game in Japan[22].. Also, when Tokyo High School formed the first soccer team in the Kanto region, there were no other Japanese teams in the Kanto region, and the opponent was always a foreign team.

In addition to this, Tokyo High School is another school (mainly the sameNormal school) And gave soccer instruction and tried to spread it. as a result1906(Meiji39 years)Tokyo Normal School(laterTokyo Aoyama Normal SchoolIs renamed. In the following year, the soccer club was born in AoyamaMay 6The first match between Japanese teams in the Kanto region was held between Tokyo High Teacher and Aoyama Normal. This had a strong implication of practice games, such as the match time being 40 minutes × 3, but in the same yearMay 11Has a 90-minute match between the two schools, which is believed to have been the first rivalry in the Kanto region.

OUR TEAM

1889In KobeHyogo Prefectural Normal School(Later Mikage Normal School, currentKobe University) A soccer team was founded. This is the first Japanese-only team in Japan. Also, in the Kanto region1896Higher Normal School (1902Tokyo Higher Normal SchoolRenamed to currentUniversity of Tsukuba, Hereinafter referred to as Tokyo Koushi)Football partWas founded.

Convention

1922, The first league match in Japan, the "vocational school kick-ball league match" was held with the aim of improving the level by holding regular matches by the university team. In addition to Tokyo high school teachers,Waseda,Tokyo Imperial University,Tokyo University of Commerce(CurrentHitotsubashi UniversityThere were 4 teams. This league1925Became "A-style soccer ball Tokyo Collage League"Waseda, Tokyo Imperial University, Tokyo University of Commerce,Keio University,Hosei,Tokyo University of AgricultureBelonged to the first division. This isKanto University Soccer League MatchHas its roots. Also in the Kansai area, the 1924 Kansai Vocational College A-type kick ball league (currentlyKansai Student Soccer League) Was founded,Kansai Gakuin,Kansai University,Kobe Kosho3 schools belonged at the time of establishment.

Currently in JapanProfessionalサ ッ カ ーleagueIsJapan Professional Soccer League(J League),amateurThe highest peak of the soccer leagueJapan Football League(JFL) and other soccer leagues exist. Also, in JapanHigh school soccerIs being carried out by the departmentNational High School Soccer ChampionshipIs one of the most famous amateur soccer tournaments in Japan. All teams that belong to J1・J2・The 1st place team at the end of the previous league match of JFL・Prime Minister Cup All Japan University Soccer TournamentIt is performed by representative teams of each prefecture including the winning team of J3 and the teams belonging to JXNUMX.Emperor's Cup All Japan Soccer Championship(The Emperor's Cup) is the largest soccer tournament held in Japan.

Depending on the event, there are several events that are important in each registered category. For example, for teams participating in the J League, the "J League", "Emperor Cup", "J League CupIt is said that the three tournaments are the three major titles. However, it should be noted that even if the registered categories are the same, there are tournaments that limit the target teams depending on the tournament. For example,Type 2 (U-18) registration teamFor all competitions, all teams registered in the second class are eligible to participateTakamado Palace U-18 Soccer LeagueIn addition to the above, the “National High School Soccer Championship”, in which only the high school soccer club of the second-class registration team is limited to participation, and also the second-class registrationClub teamOnly those who can participateJapan Club Youth Soccer Championship (U-18) TournamentThere is.

Umpire

Leader

National Team (Men's Soccer)

Women's football

Futsal

Competition population

According to statistics released by the Japan Football Association, the number of registered football players in 2010 was 900,880.[23], The number of registered teams is 28,588. In the case of men's soccer (excluding seniors), the breakdown is 2010 registered players and 856,425 registered teams. In the case of women's soccer (excluding seniors), there are 26638 registered players in 2010 and 25,278 registered teams. For seniors, the number of registered players was 1,226 in 2010, and the number of registered teams was 19,177.[24].. The number of registered futsal players in fiscal 2010 was 125,608 (the Japan Football Association had recorded records by gender until 2008, but now it is a record for both genders).[25].. There are many players and teams that have not registered with the Japan Football Association, and the actual number is presumed to be even higher.

According to the “28 Social Life Basic Survey on Living Behavior”, the number of people who played soccer in the past year was lower than that of baseball and table tennis. And most of the people have left by the time they became managers at the company.[26].. On the other hand, there is growing interest in senior soccer for players over 40 years old.[27].

In Japan,ShizuokaIs known as a land where soccer is flourishing[28].. Shizuoka Prefecture has produced a number of great players,2009Until then, Shizuoka Prefecture was the top birthplace of J League players. Also1998 OfFrance World CupThen, 22 out of 9 representatives were from Shizuoka prefecture.[29].

footnote

  1. ^ Source: "Japan Soccer Book Guide-Meiji, Taisho, Showa War, Saturday, April 2007, 4 7:09 (UTC),Japan Soccer Book Guide
  2. ^ Source:Atsushi Nakajima,Donan teacher(First published 1942), Thursday, March 2007, 3 15:14 (UTC),Aozora Bunko
  3. ^ About socker section
  4. ^ FAQ -Waseda University
  5. ^ Source: "JFA Soccer Q & A When did soccer come to Japan?Wednesday, April 2007, 4 25:19 (UTD) browsing,Japan Football Association official website
  6. ^ Original Nadeshiko asahi.com 2011.11.30 Supplementary article
  7. ^ "Japan Soccer Archive Home> History of Japanese Soccer> 1917 (Taisho 6)”. Japan Soccer Archive. 2014/5/3Browse.
  8. ^ "Japan Soccer Archive Home> History of Japanese Soccer> 1923 (Taisho 12)”. Japan Soccer Archive. 2014/5/3Browse.
  9. ^ "Japan Soccer Archive Home> History of Japanese Soccer> 1927 (Showa 2)”. Japan Soccer Archive. 2014/5/3Browse.
  10. ^ a b c "World-class skills and fair play spirit that blossomed in the early days of Japanese soccer". Japan Olympic Committee. 2014/5/17Browse.
  11. ^ "1964 Tokyo Olympics "Winning Against Argentina"”. Kagawa Soccer Library. 2014/5/17Browse.
  12. ^ "History of Japan National Soccer Team". Nippon.com(July 2014, 4). http://www.nippon.com/ja/features/h00052/ 2014/5/17Browse. 
  13. ^ "Japanese soccer in the 1970s and 80s". Livedoor news(July 2012, 7). http://news.livedoor.com/article/detail/6790230/ 2014/5/17Browse. 
  14. ^ "J League-20th Anniversary Column The current location of the J League as seen from the world Part 1: Hiroshi Nanami". Japan Professional Soccer League. 2014/5/17Browse.
  15. ^ a b c Takeo Goto"History of Japanese Soccer 90 Years of Japan National Team"Futabasha, 2007.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g JFA history and history-JFA official website
  17. ^ Mitsuo Eda "History of Soccer Emperor's Cup All Japan Championship (6)" "Soccer Magazine" Baseball Magazine, August 1968, 8 pages
  18. ^ a b Japan Football Association, "The History of Japanese Soccer" Kodansha, 1974, 150 pages.
  19. ^ Matsuoka Kan, "World Cup International Political Science," Asahi Shimbun, 1994, P85
  20. ^ "Soccer criticism issue20-Japan Football Association advancing reforms”Futabasha, 2003.Web Version Soccer Criticism (Vol.11)-Sports Navigation September 2003, 9
  21. ^ Junji Ogura Japan Football Association President's Column “Today's Soccer Weather” 31st-Japan Football Association Official HP_April 2012, 4
  22. ^ The result is 2-1 and the Kobe Regatta and Athletic Club wins
  23. ^ Number of registrations by year-Japan Football Association official website
  24. ^ Number of registrations by team year-Japan Football Association official website
  25. ^ Futsal registrations by individual year-Japan Football Association official website
  26. ^ Minoru Yamada. “Below table tennis and badminton... In fact, the reason why Japan has a surprisingly small number of soccer players". Business Journal | Getting closer to the true intentions of business. 2020/2/13Browse.
  27. ^ "I want to chase the ball after 60! The senior soccer team is hot right now”(Japanese). Sarai.jp | Shogakukan magazine "Sarai" official website (September 2018, 6). 2020/2/13Browse.
  28. ^ "Statistics/Education/Sports". Shizuoka. 2014/6/14Browse.
  29. ^ Yoshinobu Nose, sports manager who is proud of the “2 people from Kansai” has changed in the age of “9 people from Shizuoka”. Sankei Shimbun(July 2014, 6). http://sankei.jp.msn.com/west/west_sports/news/140614/wsp14061407000001-n1.htm 2014/6/14Browse. 

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