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⚽ | Ryotaro Meshino to join Estriu!


Ryotaro Meshino to join Estriu!

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Since 2013, he has been active in the UEFA Europa League for two consecutive seasons.

Estriu Praia, who was promoted to the first division of Portugal, "acquired FW Ryotaro Meshino from Manchester City ... → Continue reading


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UEFA Europa League

UEFA Europa League(British: UEFA Europa League, Abbreviation: UEL)European Football FederationHeld by (UEFA) every year from September to May of the following year,Club teambyサ ッ カ ーIt is an international competition. UEFA Cup in the 2009-10 seasonBritish: UEFA Cup) Tournament name and holding format have been redesigned.This section also describes the UEFA Cup era.


Inter Cities Fairs CupThe tournament that was founded as1972ToUEFA CupOfficially launched as.

1999, A corner of the three largest European cups,UEFA Cup Winners CupIt has been integrated in a way that absorbs (international tournaments by cup championship clubs in European countries) (UEFA cup participation qualifications also include cup championship clubs in European countries).

Except for the group stage, the outcome of the competition is basicallyH & AIt is decided by the total of the two races of the method.In addition, only the final match will be decided in one match at the middle location (since the 2-1 season).In the group stage, 1997 clubs x 98 groups of 2009 clubs will participate from the 10-4 season (12 round robin of H & A), and from the 48-2 season to the 2004-05 season, 2008 clubs x 09 groups of 5 clubs will participate. (Each team plays a home game and an away game twice for each round robin).

Traditionally, in the UEFA Europa League (the name of that time was the UEFA Cup), the top clubs in each league play against each other,UEFA Champions LeagueIt was a high-level tournament alongside (UCL) (until the mid-'90s, the UEFA Champions League could only play one club (only the club that won the league) in any country.) It was a very high-level tournament with many high-ranking clubs from each country participating.

However, after the 1997-98 season, with the aftermath of the expansion of UEFA Champions League clubs, multiple clubs from each league are allowed to participate in the UEFA Champions League, and the big clubs of the major European leagues are all in the UEFA Champions League. As a result of participating, the UEFA Cup was falling into a disproportionately competitive tournament, "a tournament for teams that have won the domestic league or missed the UEFA Champions League title".

As a measure to solve these problems, it is possible to participate in the UEFA Champions League final tournament group league third place defeated group (other UEFA Champions League qualifying playoff defeated group, UEFA Champions League qualifying third round defeated group) in the UEFA Europa League So, for example, in recent yearsManchester City,Chelsea,Liverpool,JuventusA big club that originally aims to win the UEFA Champions League,Atletico Madrid,Dortmund,PortoThe leading clubs who are expected to win the GL in the UEFA Champions League like this are making arrangements to participate in the UEFA Europa League.

Similarly, as another measure to overcome these issues, an irregular H & A-style league match will be held from the 2004-05 season, and the final match will be decided by only one match in the middle location (the final match isUEFA 4-Star Certified StadiumThe event will be held at a stadium with the above rating), and the UEFA Europa League Anthem (hymn) will be introduced as a ceremony for a more prestigious tournament, a new tournament logo mark will be established, and the tournament name will be from the 2009-10 season. From the traditional UEFA CupUEFA Europa LeagueIt has been changed to a competition system similar to UEFA Champions League.[1][2].. In addition, since the 2014-15 season, the winning club has been qualified to participate in the UEFA Champions League.



Domestic league match

There are three UEFA rankings from 1st to 51st, two from 3nd to 52th, and one from 54th.However, since Liechtenstein does not have a domestic league, only the winning team of the domestic cup match will participate.England and France, which have quotas from league cup games, are the only clubs with the highest domestic league results.

(1) UEFA rankings 1st to 4th in the previous year's domestic league 5th and 6th clubs
(2) UEFA rankings 5st to 6th in the previous year's domestic league 4th and 5th clubs
(3) UEFA rankings 7st to 15th in the previous year's domestic league 3th and 4th clubs
(4) UEFA rankings 16st to 51th in the previous year's domestic league 2th and 3th clubs
(5) UEFA ranking 52nd-54th in the previous year's domestic league 2nd place club

Domestic Cup Battle
  • Last year's domestic cup championship club
  • England,FranceLast year's domestic league cup championship club
  • In the 1995-2015-16 season,UEFA respect fair play ranking(English edition)There were fair play slots (three slots and participation from the first round of qualifying) given to higher rank associations.

Since the 1996-97 season, some UEFA Champions League losing teams from the same year will also join the tournament.

  • 同年度UEFAチャンピオンズリーグ予選敗退クラブ(2018-19~2020-21) ※1999-2000~2017-18は3回戦とプレーオフ敗退クラブ、2021-22以降は2回戦~プレーオフ敗退クラブが対象
  • UEFA Champions League final tournament 3rd place group league club (1999-2000 season or later) *Participated from the final tournament

From the 2021-22 season, UEL will be split, and as a third level competition after UCL and UEL,UEFA Europe Conference League(UECL) will be created (formerly the third level tournament until 3UEFA Intertoto CupExisted and the top winning clubs were eligible for the UEFA Cup, but were integrated into UEL).For this reason, the UEFA ranking 16th or lower cup championship club, the 1st to 4th place in the previous year's domestic league 6th place club, the 5th place in the previous year's domestic league 5th place club, the same 6th place Clubs that are ranked lower or lower and have been qualified for the previous year's domestic league results will participate in the conference league instead of this tournament.

The following is the treatment when the domestic cup champion wins the participation right in the domestic league record.

  • Starting in the 2015-16 season, if the national champion of the Cup wins the UCL or UEL participation rights based on the results of the domestic league, the participation slot is not the second place in the cup competition, but the best domestic league without the UCL and UEL participation rights. Given to higher clubs[3].. (Before that, if a national champion of the cup participated in UCL, the UEL participation slot was sometimes given to the cup runner-up club.)
  • If the domestic cup champion (which is regarded as the highest ranked among the domestic participation slots) also wins the UCL participation right due to the domestic league record, it will participate in the UCL, so the participation round of other participation acquisition teams of UEL Goes up by one. If the champion of the domestic cup also wins the UEL participation right based on the domestic league record, the participation round of the UEL participation right acquisition team with a lower domestic league record than that team will advance one round.
  • If the domestic league cup champions of England and France (which are ranked as the lowest of the domestic participation slots) get UCL or UEL entry rights based on their domestic league results, the entry slots will be the UCL and UEL entry rights. It is given to the top club in the domestic league that has not been obtained.

After the 2015-16 season, if the UEL championship club of the previous year is out of the UCL qualification zone and wins the UEL qualification in the domestic league ranking, the handling is as follows.

  • If the previous year's UEL championship club was in the UEL qualification zone in the previous year's domestic league ranking, or won the previous year's domestic cup or league cup game, and the previous year's domestic league ranking was outside the UCL qualification zone. In that case, the UEL winning club will play in the UCL instead of the UEL, resulting in a reduction of one UEL slot in that country. Also, the participation rounds of other UEL participating clubs in the country cannot be advanced.

Holding method

The qualifying will be a tournament style home and away match. In case of a tie after two gamesAway goalThe club with the highest number of winners will be the winner. If you still cannot decideextra innings,PK battleAnd decide the winner. A combination lottery is conducted before each match, and the combination lottery is conducted so that clubs in the same country do not compete and the pots are divided according to the ranking points of each club.

In the group league, 48 teams will be divided into 4 clubs, 12 groups divided into 4 groups for home and away competition. The lottery will be divided into four pots according to the ranking points of each club, and the clubs of the same country will not be included in the same group. The top two clubs in each group advance to the final tournament.

The final tournament will be a tournament-style home-and-away match at 24 clubs, including 3 clubs that have won the group league and eight clubs that have lost the UEFA Champions League to third place in the group league. If the total score of the two games is the same, the away step method → ​​extra time → PK game determines the club to advance to the next step. Only the final will be a one-shot game in a neutral location (although it will not be a neutral location if the home country club wins).

In the first round of the final tournament combination draw, 1 clubs ranked 1st in the group league and 12 clubs with the highest performance out of the Champions League losing clubs will be seeded, so that clubs in the same country do not compete against each other Considered not to. There will be no seeding in the lottery after the second round, and there will be no restrictions on the competition between countries of the same country and groups of the same group league.

First appearancePrevious round winnerChampions League loser
Second qualifying round
(16 teams)
16 team
  • 50 teams that won the 55th to 6th domestic cup
  • 49 teams in 54nd place in the domestic league from 2th to 6th
  • 48 teams in 51nd place in the domestic league from 3th to 4th
Second qualifying round
(94 teams)
86 team
  • 25 teams that won the 49th to 25th domestic cup
  • 18 teams in 48nd place in the domestic league from 2th to 30th
    (リヒテン シュタインExcept)
  • 16 teams in 47rd place in the domestic league from 3th to 31th (same as above)
  • 8 teams of preliminary qualifying winners
Second qualifying roundChampion route
(20 teams)
20 team
  • 1 teams who lost the first round of the Champions League
  • Three teams of the Champions League and the preliminary losers
Main route
(74 teams)
27 team
  • 18 teams that won the 24th to 7th domestic cup
  • 16 teams in 17nd place in the domestic league from 2th to 2th
  • 13 teams in 15nd place in the domestic league from 3th to 3th
  • 7 teams in 15nd place in the domestic league from 4th to 9th
  • 5 teams from 6th to 5th place, 2 teams from XNUMXth place (or French league cup winning club)
  • 1st to 4th domestic league 6th 4 teams (or England's League Cup winning club)
  • 1 teams who won the first qualifying round
Second qualifying roundChampion route
(20 teams)
  • 2 teams that won the second round of the qualifying round (champion route)

10 team

  • 2 teams who lost the Champions League 10nd Round (Qualifying Team)
Main route
(52 teams)
12 team
  • 13 teams that won the 17th to 5th domestic cup
  • 7 teams in 12nd place in the domestic league from 3th to 6th
  • 6th place domestic league 4th place 5 teams
  • 2 teams who won the second round of qualifying (main route)

3 team

  • Champions League Second qualifying round (upper team qualifying) Loser 2 teams
play offChampion route
(16 teams)
  • 3 teams that won the second round of the qualifying round (champion route)
6 team
  • 3 teams who lost the Champions League 6nd Round (Qualifying Team)
Main route
(26 teams)
  • 3 teams who won the second round of qualifying (main route)
Group stage
(48 teams)
17 team
  • 1 teams that won the 12th to 12th domestic cup
  • 4th place domestic league 4th place 1 teams
  • 1 teams in 3nd place in the domestic league from 5th to 3th
  • 21 teams of playoff winners
10 team
  • Six teams of the Champions League playoff losers
  • Champions League Second qualifying round (upper team qualifying) Loser 3 teams
Final tournament
(32 teams)
  • 1 teams in the group stage 12st place
  • 2 teams in the group stage 12st place
8 team
  • 3 teams in 8rd place in the Champions League group stage

Until the 2008-09 season

  • Qualifying-First-round tournament format home and away match. In case of a tie after two gamesAway goalThe club with the highest number of winners will be the winner. If you still cannot decideextra innings,PK battleAnd decide the winner. A combination lottery is conducted before each match, and the combination lottery is conducted so that clubs in the same country do not compete and the pots are divided according to the ranking points of each club.
    • The following qualifying rounds will be conducted by the following clubs. The combinations will be drawn to compete in countries in the southern, middle eastern and northern regions.
      • UEFA Fair Play Club
      • National Cup championship clubs in countries and regions below the UEFA ranking 19th
      • UEFA ranking 19th-51st country/region 2nd place club
      • UEFA ranking 16th-21st country/region 3nd place club
    • The second round of qualifying will be performed by the following teams and will be narrowed down to 2 teams.
      • UEFA Intertoto CupThe winner of
      • 14th-18th UEFA Ranking Domestic Cup Winning Club in XNUMXth Country/Region
      • UEFA ranking 16th-18st country/region 2nd place club
      • UEFA ranking 9th-15st country/region 3nd place club
      • Winner of the first qualifying round
    • The first round will be performed by the following teams, and 1 teams will advance to the group league.
      • UEFA Cup last year's winning club
      • 1th-13th UEFA Ranking Domestic Cup Winning Club in XNUMXth Country/Region
      • UEFA ranking 7th-8st country/region 3nd place club
      • UEFA ranking 4th-8st country/region 4nd place club
      • UEFA ranking 1th-8st country/region 5nd place club
      • UEFA ranking 1th-3st country/region 6nd place club
      • UEFA Champions League Qualifying Round 3 loser
      • Winners of the second qualifying round (However, participation slots and seeds may change due to overlapping participation rights in the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Cup)
  • Group League A group league will be held in which 40 teams are divided into 5 groups of 8 clubs each.The lottery will be divided into 5 pots according to the ranking points of each club, and clubs in the country will not be in the same group.A total of 4 home and away games (basically 2 games are assigned to each, not a complete H & A), and the top 3 clubs in each group advance to the final tournament.If there are clubs with the same points, they will be decided in the following order. Unlike the UEFA Champions League, it is not a complete H & A, so the result of a direct confrontation between the teams is not considered.
    1. Score difference in all Group League games
    2. Total score in all group league games
    3. Number of away goals in all Group League games
    4. Number of wins in all Group League games
    5. Number of away wins in all Group League matches
    6. Top UEFA ranking countries and regions
  • The tournament-style home-and-away game will be held in 24 clubs, including 3 clubs that have won the final tournament Group League and 8 clubs that are ranked 32rd in the UEFA Champions League Group League.
    • Final tournament lottery The final tournament 1st and 2nd round lottery will be held after the end of the group league. In the first round, it is considered that clubs of the same country do not play against each other and that they do not hit the clubs that played in the group league. The club in the first place in the group league will compete with the club in the third place and the club in the second place in the group league will compete with the third place in the UEFA Champions League. The club in 1rd place in the group league and the club in 1rd place in the UEFA Champions League will be the first game of the first round. Country protection is not considered after the second round. In addition, after the second round, a combination lottery after the quarterfinals will be held to confirm the tournament.

From the 2009-10 season

Change of tournament name
Tournament name changed from UEFA Cup to UEFA Europa League.

Change in number of participating clubs according to UEFA ranking

UEFA rankingThere is no change in the number of participating clubs from the 1st to 6th leagues. Changes have been made to the quotas given to leagues below that. First of all, the leagues ranked 7th to 9th can compete in the domestic cup championship club and three other clubs. Other leagues can compete in the domestic cup championship club and two other clubs.
Change group stage configuration
  • Qualifying all gamesH & ACarry out the battle.[4]
    • Second qualifying round
      • 35th to 53rd UEFA Ranking Domestic Cup Winning Team
      • UEFA ranking 22nd-51st domestic league 3rd
      • UEFA ranking 28nd-53st domestic league 2rd
      • 3 teams selected in UEFA Fair Play Ranking
    • Second qualifying round
      • Teams that have won the first qualifying round
      • 20th to 34rd UEFA Ranking Domestic Cup Winning Team
      • UEFA ranking 7nd-9st domestic league 5rd
      • UEFA ranking 10nd-15st domestic league 4rd
      • UEFA ranking 16nd-21st domestic league 3rd
      • UEFA ranking 16nd-27st domestic league 2rd
    • Second qualifying round
      • Teams that have won the first qualifying round
      • 17th to 19rd UEFA Ranking Domestic Cup Winning Team
      • UEFA ranking 1nd-3st domestic league 6rd
      • UEFA ranking 4nd-6st domestic league 5rd
      • UEFA ranking 7nd-9st domestic league 4rd
      • UEFA ranking 10nd-15st domestic league 3rd
    • play off
      • Teams that have won the first qualifying round
      • 8th to 16rd UEFA Ranking Domestic Cup Winning Team
      • UEFA ranking 1nd-3st domestic league 5rd
      • UEFA ranking 4nd-6st domestic league 4rd
      • UEFA ranking 7nd-9st domestic league 3rd
      • UEFA Champions League Qualifying Round 3 Lost 15 teams
  • Final
    • Group stage
      • 37 teams that won the playoffs
      • 1th to 7rd UEFA Ranking Domestic Cup Winning Team
      • UEFA Champions League Qualifying Playoffs Lost 10 teams
      • UEFA Europa League championship last year
    • Final tournament
      • Group Stage Top 2 Teams
      • 3rd in UEFA Champions League/Group League

The lottery will be performed after the first round of the final tournament after the end of the group league. In the first round, among the UEFA Champions League 1rd place clubs, the top 1 teams with the highest performance will be seeded by placing them in the 3st place in the group stage, and the 4 teams with the lowest performances will be placed in the 1nd place in the group stage. And the lottery will be conducted in the form of one from the first place and one from the second place. The team selected from the 4nd place will be the home for Round 2. It is also considered that clubs of the same country do not play against each other, and that they do not hit the clubs that played in the group league. The quarter-finals and semi-finals will be drawn again, but in this case there is no consideration associated with the first-round drawing, and the drawing is completely free.

When the domestic cup championship club does not participate in the CL and the second place in the cup championship does not participate in the CL, depending on the judgment of each country, decide which round to start according to the ranking of the domestic league.

From the 2015-16 season

  • The winning club of the previous year will participate in UCL.
  • Qualifying slots from the 7th to 9th UEFA ranking group stages have been changed from 4 teams to 3 teams, and the countries from 1st to 51st are all qualified to compete by 3 teams.
  • グループステージからの出場枠が7チームから16チームに拡大。拡大した9つの出場枠は、UEFAランキング8~12位の国のカップ戦王者、UEFAランキング4位の国の4位チーム、そしてUEFAランキング1位~3位の5位チームに与えられる[3].
  • If the national cup champion wins the UCL qualification due to the results of the domestic league, the qualifying place will be given to the highest club in the domestic league that does not have the qualification for UCL and UEL, rather than the second place in the cup.

From 2018-19 season to 2020-21 season

  • The UEFA Champions League defeated teams in all qualifying rounds will be eligible to play in the UEFA Europa League, either in the second qualifying round or in the playoffs.
  • From the second half of 2020New CoronavirusFor players, managers, staff, etc. to prevent infectionPCR testWas obligatory.Positives are subject to isolation and cannot be accompanied by matches or expeditions.
Special rules for the 2019-20 season
New CoronavirusWith the worldwide spread of the infection, all games since the quarterfinalsUEFA Champions LeagueAs with the same, it was changed to a one-game settlement system for short-term intensive holding, and it will be held in a middle location.

From the 2021-22 season

UEFA Europe Conference LeagueWith the establishment of, the participation quota will change significantly.The group stage will be reduced from the current 48 to 32.In the past, the team that ranked 2nd in the group stage automatically advanced to the final tournament, but the team that ranked 2nd in the group stage played off with the team that ranked 3rd in the Champions League, and the winner advanced to the final tournament. become.

First appearancePrevious round winnerChampions League loser
Qualifying round
(16 teams)
16 team
  • 13 teams that won the 15th to 3th domestic cup
  • Champions League 2nd qualifying loser 10 teams (Champions Route)
  • Champions League 2nd qualifying loser 3 teams (league route)
play off
(20 teams)
20 team
  • 7 teams that won the 12th to 6th domestic cup
  • 5 teams of qualifying winners (Champions Route)
  • 3 teams of qualifying winners (league route)
  • 3 teams who lost the Champions League 6rd qualifying
Group stage
(32 teams)
12 team
  • 1 teams that won the 6th to 6th domestic cup
  • 5th place domestic league 4th place 1 teams
  • 1 teams in 4nd place in the domestic league from 5th to 4th
  • UEFA Europa Conference League last-winning team (from 2022-23 season)
  • 10 teams of playoff winners
10 team
  • Six teams of the Champions League playoff losers
  • 3 teams of Champions League 6rd qualifying (higher team qualifying) losers and league route losers
Final tournament playoffs
(16 teams)
  • 2 teams in the group stage 8st place
8 team
  • 3 teams in 8rd place in the Champions League group stage
Final tournament
(16 teams)
  • 1 teams in the group stage 8st place
  • 8 teams of final tournament playoff winners


年度WinResultsecond placeVenue
1971-72England flag Tottenham2 - 1
1 - 1
England flag WolverhamptonEngland flag Molyneux(Wolverhampton
England flag White Heart Lane(UK
1972-73England flag Liverpool3 - 0
0 - 2
West Germany flag Borussia MGEngland flag Anfield(Liverpool
West Germany flag (Monchengladbach
1973-74Dutch flag Feyenoord2 - 2
2 - 0
England flag TottenhamEngland flag White Heart Lane(UK
Dutch flag De Kaip(Rotterdam
1974-75West Germany flag Borussia MG0 - 0
5 - 1
Dutch flag TwenteWest Germany flag ラ イ ン(Dusseldorf
Dutch flag (Enschede
1975-76England flag Liverpool3 - 2
1 - 1
Belgian flag Club bruggeEngland flag Anfield(Liverpool
Belgian flag Olympia(Bruges
1976-77Italian flag Juventus1 - 0 AG
1 - 2 AG
Spanish flag Athletic BilbaoItalian flag Studio Comunale(Turin
Spanish flag San Mames(Bilbao
1977-78Dutch flag PSV0 - 0
3 - 0
French flag BastiaFrench flag (Bastia
Dutch flag Phillips(Eindhoven
1978-79West Germany flag Borussia MG1 - 1
1 - 0
Flag of the Federal Republic of Socialist Yugoslavia Red starFlag of the Federal Republic of Socialist Yugoslavia Crvena Zvezda(Belgrade
West Germany flag ラ イ ン(Dusseldorf
1979-80West Germany flag Eintra pigeon2 - 3 AG
1 - 0 AG
West Germany flag Borussia MGWest Germany flag (Monchengladbach
West Germany flag Wald(Frankfurt
1980-81England flag Ipswich Town3 - 0
2 - 4
Dutch flag AZEngland flag Portman Road(Ipswich
Dutch flag Olympus(Amsterdam
1981-82Swedish flag Gothenburg1 - 0
3 - 0
West Germany flag Hamburger SVSwedish flag Ullevi(Gothenburg
West Germany flag Volks Parc(Hamburg
1982-83Belgian flag Anderlecht1 - 0
1 - 1
Portugal flag BenficaBelgian flag Hazel(ブ リ ュ ッ セ ル
Portugal flag Da Luth(Lisbon
1983-84England flag Tottenham1 - 1
1 - 1 aet
(PK 4-3)
Belgian flag AnderlechtBelgian flag Constant van den Stock(ブ リ ュ ッ セ ル
England flag White Heart Lane(UK
1984-85Spanish flag real Madrid3 - 0
0 - 1
Hungarian flag VideotonHungarian flag (Szekesfehervar
Spanish flag Santiago Bernabeu(Madrid
1985-86Spanish flag real Madrid5 - 1
0 - 2
West Germany flag CologneSpanish flag Santiago Bernabeu(Madrid
West Germany flag Berlin Olympia(Berlin
1986-87Swedish flag Gothenburg1 - 0
1 - 1
Scottish flag Dundee UnitedSwedish flag Ullevi(Gothenburg
Scottish flag (Dandy
1987-88West Germany flag Leverkusen0 - 3
3 - 0 aet
(PK 3-2)
Spanish flag EspanyolWest Germany flag Ulrich-Haberland(Leverkusen
Spanish flag Estady de Sarria(Barcelona
1988-89Italian flag Naples2 - 1
3 - 3
West Germany flag StuttgartItalian flag San Paolo(Naples
West Germany flag Necker(Stuttgart
1989-90Italian flag Juventus3 - 1
0 - 0
Italian flag FiorentinaItalian flag Studio Comunale(Turin
Italian flag (Avellino
1990-91Italian flag Intel2 - 0
0 - 1
Italian flag RomeItalian flag Giuseppe Meazza(Milan
Italian flag Olimpico(Rome
1991-92Dutch flag Ajax2 - 2 AG
0 - 0 AG
Italian flag TurinItalian flag Delle Alpi(Turin
Dutch flag Olympus(Amsterdam
1992-93Italian flag Juventus3 - 1
3 - 0
German flag DortmundGerman flag Westphalia(Dortmund
Italian flag Delle Alpi(Turin
1993-94Italian flag Intel1 - 0
1 - 0
Austrian flag SalzburgAustrian flag Ernst Happel(Vienna
Italian flag Giuseppe Meazza(Milan
1994-95Italian flag パ ル マ1 - 0
1 - 1
Italian flag JuventusItalian flag Ennio Tardini(パ ル マ
Italian flag Giuseppe Meazza(Milan
1995-96German flag Bayern Munich2 - 0
3 - 1
French flag BordeauxGerman flag Munich Olympia(Munich
French flag Parc rescue(Bordeaux
1996-97German flag Schalke 041 - 0
0 - 1 aet
(PK 4-1)
Italian flag IntelGerman flag Parc(Gelsenkirchen
Italian flag Giuseppe Meazza(Milan
1997-98Italian flag Intel3 - 0Italian flag LazioFrench flag Parc des Princes(Paris
1998-99Italian flag パ ル マ3 - 0French flag MarseilleRussian flag Luzhniki(Moscow
1999-00Turkish flag Galatasaray0 - 0 aet
(PK 4-1)
England flag ArsenalDanish flag Parken(Copenhagen
2000-01England flag Liverpool5 - 4 GGSpanish flag ArabesGerman flag Westphalia(Dortmund
2001-02Dutch flag Feyenoord3 - 2German flag DortmundDutch flag De Kaip(Rotterdam
2002-03Portugal flag Porto3 - 2 aetScottish flag CelticSpanish flag Olimpico(Seville
2003-04Spanish flag バ レ ン シ ア2 - 0French flag MarseilleSwedish flag Ullevi(Gothenburg
2004-05Russian flag CSKA Moscow3 - 1Portugal flag Sporting CPPortugal flag Jose Alvarade(Lisbon
2005-06Spanish flag Sevilla4 - 0England flag MiddlesbroughDutch flag Phillips(Eindhoven
2006-07Spanish flag Sevilla2 - 2 aet
(PK 3-1)
Spanish flag EspanyolScottish flag Hamden Park(Glasgow
2007-08Russian flag Zenit2 - 0Scottish flag RangersEngland flag City of Manchester(Manchester
2008-09Ukrainian flag Shakhtar2 - 1 aetGerman flag Werder BremenTurkish flag Shukuru Salagiour(Istanbul
UEFA Europa League
2009-10Spanish flag Atletico Madrid2 - 1 aetEngland flag FulhamGerman flag Hamburg arena(Hamburg
2010-11Portugal flag Porto1 - 0Portugal flag BragaIrish flag Dublin Arena(Dublin
2011-12Spanish flag Atletico Madrid3 - 0Spanish flag Athletic BilbaoRomanian flag Nazional(Bucharest
2012-13England flag Chelsea2 - 1Portugal flag BenficaDutch flag Amsterdam arena(Amsterdam
2013-14Spanish flag Sevilla0 - 0 aet
(PK 4-2)
Portugal flag BenficaItalian flag Juventus Stadium(Turin
2014-15Spanish flag Sevilla3 - 2Ukrainian flag DniproPolish flag Warsaw National Stadium(Warsaw
2015-16Spanish flag Sevilla3 - 1England flag LiverpoolSwiss flag St. Jacob Parc(Basel
2016-17England flag Manchester United2 - 0Dutch flag AjaxSwedish flag Friends Arena(Solna
2017-18Spanish flag Atletico Madrid3 - 0French flag MarseilleFrench flag Parc Olympic Lyon(Lyon
2018-19England flag Chelsea4 - 1England flag ArsenalAzerbaijan flag Baku Olympic(Baku
2019-20Spanish flag Sevilla3 - 2Italian flag IntelGerman flag Mungelsdorfer(Cologne
2020-21Spanish flag Villarreal1 - 1 aet
(PK 11-10)
England flag Manchester UnitedPolish flag Arena Gdansk(Gdansk
2021-22Unknown flagUnknown flagSpanish flag Ramon Sanchez Pishua(Seville
Unknown flagUnknown flagHungarian flag Puskas Arena(Budapest
Unknown flagUnknown flagIrish flag Dublin Arena(Dublin
Unknown flagUnknown flagSpanish flag San Mames(Bilbao


Performance by club

Club nameGoodquasi-Championship yearRunner up year
Spanish flag Sevilla602006,2007,2014,2015,2016,2020
Italian flag Intel321991,1994,19981997,2020
England flag Liverpool311973,1976,20012016
Italian flag Juventus311977,1990,19931995
Spanish flag Atletico Madrid302010,2012,2018
German flag Borussia MG221975,19791973,1980
England flag Tottenham211972,19841974
Dutch flag Feyenoord201974,2002
Swedish flag Gothenburg201982,1987
Spanish flag real Madrid201985,1986
Italian flag パ ル マ201995,1999
Portugal flag Porto202003,2011
England flag Chelsea202013,2019
Belgian flag Anderlecht1119831984
Dutch flag Ajax1119922017
England flag Manchester United1120172021
Dutch flag PSV101978
German flag Eintra pigeon101980
England flag Ipswich Town101981
German flag Leverkusen101988
Italian flag Naples101989
German flag Bayern Munich101996
German flag Schalke 04101997
Turkish flag Galatasaray102000
Spanish flag バ レ ン シ ア102004
Russian flag CSKA Moscow102005
Russian flag Zenit102008
Ukrainian flag Shakhtar102009
Spanish flag Villarreal102021
Portugal flag Benfica031983,2013,2014
French flag Marseille031999,2004,2018
Spanish flag Athletic Bilbao021977,2012
Spanish flag Espanyol021988,2007
German flag Dortmund021993,2002
England flag Arsenal022000,2019
England flag Wolverhampton011972
Dutch flag Twente011975
Belgian flag Club brugge011976
French flag Bastia011978
Serbian flag Red star011979
Dutch flag AZ011981
German flag Hamburger SV011982
Hungarian flag Videoton011985
German flag Cologne011986
Scottish flag Dundee United011987
German flag Stuttgart011989
Italian flag Fiorentina011990
Italian flag Rome011991
Italian flag Turin011992
Austrian flag Salzburg011994
French flag Bordeaux011996
Italian flag Lazio011998
Spanish flag Arabes012001
Scottish flag Celtic012003
Portugal flag Sporting CP012005
England flag Middlesbrough012006
Scottish flag Rangers012008
German flag Werder Bremen012009
England flag Fulham012010
Portugal flag Braga012011
Ukrainian flag Dnipro012015

Note: Years of winning and runner-up are the years when the winner was decided. For example, the 1971-72 champion is 1972.

Club Country Performance

Country/region nameGoodquasi-
Spanish flag スペイン135
England flag England98
Italian flag イタリア97
German flag Germany68
Dutch flag Netherlands43
Portugal flag Portugal25
Swedish flag スウェーデン20
Russian flag ロシア20
Belgian flag ベルギー12
Ukrainian flag ウクライナ11
Turkish flag トルコ10
French flag France05
Scottish flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu03
Austrian flag オーストリア01
Serbian flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu01
Hungarian flag ハンガリー01

Rules for player registration

If a new player who has moved to a new club during the season has participated in the EL main tournament at the previous club, the new club will not be able to register for the tournament of the same year. Only one player who has participated in the CL main tournament in the same year can register (However, if the club to which he/she participated in CL participates in the EL finals tournament after finishing 1rd in the group league in CL) Is not possible). Regarding the players who have participated in the previous club only in the CL and EL qualifying, the rules have been changed so that the new club can register from this tournament. ).


Since the 2009-10 season when the tournament became the UEFA Europa League, the theme song "UEFA Europa League Anthem" has been used and is played before the start of the game, at the beginning and end of the TV broadcast. In this anthem,UEFA Champions League AnthemUnlike, there is no lyrics.

The first Anthem was used for 2009 years from the 10-2014 season to the 15-6 season, and composed byFrance OfIoan TsubikeIs in charge ofParis Opera OrchestraIt was due to the performance of.

The anthem (2015nd generation) from the 16/2017 to the 2018/2 season isGermanyComposer ofMichael CadelbachIt was composed by him, and based on uptempo and applause, it expressed a sense of unity with the players, supporters, and team staff.

From the 2018/2019 season, Anthem has been renewed to the third generation in line with the renewal of the visual identity (VI) of this tournament. The current anthem represents the passion and energy of the nightly game and is a powerful song that creates an uplifting feeling.[5]

Official sponsor

Official licensee


[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ "Uefa Cup gets new name in revamp". bbc.co.uk. 2008/9/28Browse.
  2. ^ "UEFA Cup to become UEFA Europa League". UEFA.com. 2008/9/28Browse.
  3. ^ a b "UEL regulations changed". UEFA.com. 2015/5/18Browse.
  4. ^ When a second-place club in a domestic cup game substitutes, the second-place club may appear first depending on the judgment of each country.
  5. ^ UEFA Europa League launches edgier brand identity(Japanese) UEFA. May 2018, 05

Related item

外部 リンク


2013(2013 years old)AD(Gregorian calendar)by,Normal year starting from Tuesday.Heisei25 years.

This item describes 2013 from an international perspective.

Other chronology












  • May 8
    • ロシア, OriginalThe United States of AmericaCentral Intelligence AgencyAn employee has been prosecuted by the U.S. government for exposing information surveillance by the government, and since June 6Moscow-Sheremetyevo International AirportWas staying in the transit waiting areaEdward SnowdenFor a yearexileAdmit[66].. 6st of the same month,Barack ObamaPresident says "disappointed" about Russia's response[67]On the 7th, due to this matter as a cause, postponing the US-Russia summit meeting scheduled for September 9 and 3 of the same yearWhite HouseInforms the Russian government[68].
    • [Italy] Italian Supreme Court accused of tax evasion of approximately 730 million eurosSilvio BerlusconiHe was found guilty in favor of a high court decision that rejected the appeal of the former prime minister and was sentenced to four years in prison (reduced to one year under the pardon law). However, the part that has been suspended for five years will be returned to the high court.[69],same yearMay 10Cuts suspension period from 5 years to 2 years as a result of High Court decision in Milan[70].
  • May 8
    • 【Iran】June presidential electionWonHasan LowharneyBut from 2005 to 8 yearsPresident of IranwasMahmoud AhmadinejadAssumed the same position instead of[71].
    • [People's Republic of China]Beijing Universityが2010年と2012年に中国全土の約1万5000世帯を対象に行った調査により、中国都市部の最富裕層(上位5%)と最貧困層(下位5%)の世帯年収差が、2010年の約82倍から、2年後の2012年時点で約242倍となり、「絶望的格差」が拡大していることが判明[72].
  • May 8 - United States Department of State,Al QaedabyterrorismAs the likelihood of(I.e.,Egypt,Yemen,JordanTwenty-two overseas diplomatic missions were temporarily closed. 22 foreign embassies continued to be closed from 5th to 10th[73].. Regarding Yemen, diplomatic officers were evacuated on the 6th, followed by Britain, and France and Germany closed their diplomatic missions. Belgium, Italy and the Netherlands advise their citizens to leave Yemen[74].. On the 8th, the US Department of StatePakistan-LahoreInstructions to the staff of the Consulate of the country in[75].
  • May 8 -[Vietnam]Quang Ngai Provinceso,Vietnam WarA search team protects two fathers and sons who had escaped to the dense forest and lived there for 40 years.[76].
  • May 8 -[China]JiangsuThrough a paper published in the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, a British medical journal,In fashion OfH7N9 subtypeInfluenza A virusMinistry was infected with the virus and died in MayWuxiPublished the study results that parents and children were the first cases of "person to person" transmission of the same virus[77].
  • May 8~18 days -It will be the third timeWorld Athletics Championships ロシア-MoscowHeld in.
  • May 8 -[Indonesia] on the island of Parue in the eastLocatenda volcano eruption, 6 people were killed in the pyroclastic flow. The volcanic plume reaches a height of about 2 meters and evacuates about 3000 residents.[78].
  • May 8~11 days -This morningEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euNortheastBornoIn Conduga, an armed group with automatic riflesMosque56 people were killed in the attack on (Islamic place of worship)[79][80][81].
  • May 8 -[India] First domestic productaircraft carrier"Vikrant"(Discharge amountLaunching ceremony[82].
  • May 8 - 【Egypt】Coup d'etatWas dismissed byPresident MorsiThe provisional government and the security forces banned the demonstrators in favor of. 15th of the same month,United Nations Security CouncilConvenes an emergency meeting[83].
  • May 8Around 9 pm フィリピンCentral partCebuMactan off Talisay cityStraitferryFreighterA collision occurred and the ferry sank, causing an accident. The U.S. Coast Guard announced on Tuesday that there were 18 confirmed dead and 38 missing. 82 people were rescued[84][85].
  • May 8 -Major LeagueYankees OfIchiroAchieved 3 hits, which is the third player in history in Japan and the United States.
  • May 8 -In dawnメキシコDerailment accident of a freight train occurred in southern Tabasco. Departed freight trains carry at least 250 Hondurans, including at least five Honduras who were on board for free, and more than 5 were injured, Tabasco officials said.[86].
  • August 8-A series of explosions and shootings occur in Iraq. At least 25 people were killed and more than 27 were injured, according to police[87].
  • May 8 -This night,BrazilForeign Minister Patriot resigns[88].
  • May 8 - Brazil OfSao PauloA commercial facility under construction collapsed, killing at least six people. State officials revealed[89].
  • May 8 - IndiaAuthorities in western Gujarat announced that two residential buildings had collapsed in the Vadodara district of the province, killing at least five people. Eight people were rescued from the collapsed building, but 2 are still believed to be trapped under the debris[90].
  • May 8 - KenyaRed crossIs the capitalNairobiBuses roll over in the west, announcing at least 41 deaths. 33 people were injured in this accident and taken to a local hospital[91].
  • May 8Morning (local time)- AlaskaMagnitude (M) 7.0 (estimated) earthquake in the Pacific Ocean south of the Aleutian IslandsUS Geological Survey (USGS) announced[92].
  • May 8 - ChugokuSouthwest,雲南-Sichuan ProvinceAn earthquake of magnitude (M) 5.9 occurred near the borderline of. The epicenter is 10 kilometers deep, according to the US Geological Survey (USGS). At least 4 casualties and 10 injured. 600 private houses collapsed and 5 damaged. 5000 residents were forced to evacuate[93][94][95].




Paul and a friend are riding and the vehicle is Porsche Carrera GT Was riding. In fact, famous racers and others are saying that the handling is bad and that the curve cannot be completely bent by an amateur if the handling is bad and the speed is too high.




International Year

  • International Year of Water Cooperation
  • internationalQuinoaYear (International Year of Quinoa)

Astronomical phenomenon

Asteroids and meteorites

May 2(UTCThe following two things happened to ). As will be described later, the temporal overlap is a coincidence.

Two comets

Peak around mid-MarchComet Panstars(C/2011 L4), peaking around late NovemberComet IsonTwo (C/2012 S1)comet (I.e.Approaching/passing through,Big cometWas expected to be. The latter comet, which has received special attention, will be described below.

From November to the beginning of the following year, Comet Ison (C/11 S2012)Naked eyeBut it is predicted to be observable, especiallyPerihelionPass throughMay 11After thatVisual gradeMay be negative,Venus,full moonIt was expected that it might become a brighter large comet (visual diameter less than full moon) (however, the distance from the earth, the perihelion distance,Comet nucleusIt is a prediction calculated from the diameter of the, etc., and there have been cases where the brightness did not reach the expected brightness in the past)[149].. However, most of the comets collapsed when they passed the perihelion mentioned above.[150], After the perihelion passage, the expected comet observation became impossible.

Anomalies in solar activity

Later in the yearSolar activity OfMaximum periodWas predicted, but compared to the normal maximumBlack dotFew(I.e.Activities have been sluggish. In the maximum period,ArcticDepartment andAntarcticIn the departmentmagnetic fieldThe phenomenon thatPole shift) Occurs, but the reversal of the magnetic field this time is the Japanese solar observation satellite "HinodeWas observed in 2012, but it has been delayed more than a year in the South Pole, and the same in the North Pole and the South Pole.Magnetic poleSpecial condition (Solar pole quadrupole structure[151][152]) Was seen temporarily[153].. According to NASA, the reversal of the magnetic field has been completed by the end of December this year.[154].

The situation where there are few sunspots in the maximum period17st century OfMaunder minimal periodIt is similar to the above, and at this time, the situation with extremely few sunspots continued for about 70 years.The United Kingdom-UK OfRiver Thamesice skateCanEurope,North American continent, In other areastemperatureIs also decreasing at the same time, this time the earthCold weatherSome experts think it might[155].

Other astronomical phenomena

natural Science

Confirmation of the existence of Higgs boson
January 2012European Nuclear Research Organization(CERN) announced "Discovery of New Particles"Higgs bosonWas confirmed. The same particlematerial massHold the key to havingElementary particlesIt is said thatStandard theoryThe theory was completed by the discovery of the Higgs boson, which was the last undiscovered elementary particle inSpaceIt is said that only 4.9% of the whole matter has been elucidated, and further analysis of the particles reveals unknown substances that occupy most of the universe (Dark matter,Dark energy) Is expected to be a clue to the elucidation of[156].
With almost no time between the discovery and confirmation, the 2013Nobel Prize in PhysicsPredicted the existence of Higgs bosonPeter Higgs(The United Kingdom-Edinburgh UniversityProfessor emeritus)Francois Angler(ベルギー-Free University of Brussels(Professor Emeritus)[156].











Nobel Prize

The event of fiction

  • 5 -A fatal accident occurred on Phoenix Island. In order to investigate the rumors on the island by using this accident as an excuse, Kobe Son with the Chief of the National Police Agency, who was deceased by the Deputy Chief of the Minami Kai Mine Police Agency, asks Ukyo Sugishita and Chief of Police Kai to go to Phoenix Island. Ordered, the two land on the island. Start the investigation. After this accident, the Ministry of Defense will develop into an incident involving the conspiracy of the government. (movies"Aibo -Theatrical Version III- A huge closed room!])
  • May-A giant flying object of the “Kikai Machine Empire” has arrived,16 daysDemand the surrender of the earth. Since the Japanese government silently abolished this request, the Kikai Machine Empire will attack the ground with beam weapons and mechanical troops. Against this, the mysterious organization "Granzela Defense Forces", which aims to protect the earth, opposes it. (Grand Zera OfApril FoolEvent "Kikai Machine Empire Attack")[158]
  • May 6-May 6 - May 7 - AmericaWith tall oaksChugokuBioterrorism occurs one after another in Lan Xiang. There are many deaths, including the President of the United States. (game"Resident evil 6])
  • Early summer-For the first time in decades in various parts of Japan, including Chigasaki, HokkaidoPartial solar eclipse, In some areasTotal solar eclipseTo observe. (game"Starry sky memorial eternal heart ”)
  • May 8[Annotation 1] -"K-DAY". From "Bleach" on the crust plate on the Pacific Ocean floormonster"Trespasser" appears,San FranciscoLanded in America. TrespasserTactical nuclear weaponsUnder attack includingOne day laterDefeated by a nuclear explosionAucklandThe contaminated area in the US will later become "Oblivion Bay". (movies"Pacific Rim])[159][160]
  • May 8 - Earth Empire Space ForceThe first human-made super-light space battleship "Rukushion" built by (Anime"Aim for the top!])[161][162]
  • May 8 - OklahomaCougars Rock,Boso PeninsulaOffshore,地中海In the upper part,Electromagnetic induction"Spots" appear with phenomena and acceleration of time. The next daySouth Pacific,Indian Ocean,South AtlanticIt also occurs above.As a result, "stagnation typhoons" near the spots and abnormal weather around the world will occur. (Novel "The End of Time Febrary")[Annotation 2][163]
  • May 10 -"Itomori-machi comet disaster" occurred The core of "Comet Tiamat" that came closest to the earth for the first time in 1200 years broke near the earth, and fragments containing a 40-meter-diameter rock mass became a meteorite.GifuIt falls in Itomori town. The damage was widespread in the town, killing more than 500 people. The crater formed adjacent to Lake Itomori is integrated with Lake Itomori and becomes "New Lake Itomori". (Anime movie "What is your name?])[164]
  • Unknown timing-movie ``Escape From LA』Set age.
  • Shinsuke Miura, a detective in the First Division of the Metropolitan Police Department, passed the promotion test and was promoted to assistant police inspector, but his foot was injured in the case where the Deputy Chief of the Minoru Kaimine Police Agency was injured, he could not walk without a cane, and he retired from the Metropolitan Police Department. (TV drama"Buddy season12])
  • The spacecraft "Ganymede" accidentally brought back to Earth, causing the "Ganymede disaster". (novel"(English edition])[165]
  • The existence of the extraterrestrial "Folliner" is discovered by confirming radio waves from space and flying objects. After that, an attempt to contact Foreigner was unsuccessful. (game"Earth Defense Force 3])[166][167]
  • The psychic body uploads the soul of an earthling on the Internet. (Drama"Doctor Who])
  • ZygonTower of LondonSuppressed and threatened the fall of London due to self-defense measures by the human race. (Drama"Doctor Who])
  • Landing boat type "evolutionary invasion body" in TaiwanKaohsiung CityLanded inTaiwan ArmyAlso engaged in battle with the super-national organization "DOGOO". The landing boat type is changed by DOGOO members and Shiora Ogura "E gene holder"HasuiketanDefeated in the park, but immediately detonates. Following the first landing of this evolutionary invader on the ground, the existence of DOGOO is announced. (Manga anime"Nobunagan])[168]


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ In the novel versionMay 8.
  2. ^ The old version was 1998.


Article titles in some sources have subscripts

  1. ^ “China tampering with democratic politics required articles”. Reuters (Reuters Communications). (November 2013, 1). http://jp.reuters.com/article/kyodoMainNews/idJP2013010401001258 2013/1/9Browse. 
  2. ^ The 7th Chevrolet Corvette will be announced in Detroit on January 2013, 1(Clicccar 2012/10/21)
  3. ^ [Detroit Motor Show 13] New Chevrolet Corvette, front design leak(Response December 2012, 12)
  4. ^ Algerian natural gas facility attack, hostage Japanese injured? AFP BBNews Retrieved January 2013, 1
  5. ^ “US and Somalia establish diplomatic relations”. AFPBB News (AFP communication). (November 2013, 1). http://www.afpbb.com/article/politics/2921716/10122639 2013/1/18Browse. 
  6. ^ "One of the best Secretaries of State" Clinton retires NTV NEWS 24 2013May 2Browse
  7. ^ Three suicide bombers killed and injured in front of the US Embassy in Turkey Sports Nippon 2013May 2Browse
  8. ^ Solomon Oki Earthquake: 5 people killed, multiple unknown information Mainichi Newspaper viewed on March 2013, 2
  9. ^ Solomon Islands: 9 dead in earthquake Mainichi Newspaper viewed on March 2013, 2
  10. ^ “The Pope is abdicated on the 28th, because of his aging age, he will be elected by the end of March for the first time in 600 years”. Sankei Shimbun(July 2013, 2). https://www.sankei.com/world/news/130211/wor1302110002-n1.html 2013/2/11Browse. 
  11. ^ North Korea announces successful nuclear test Sankei Shimbun Read April 2013, 2
  12. ^ [Guam Doma] A knife man in a downtown area, 2 Japanese tourists died 12 seriously injured Local XX year old man arrested MSN Sankei Shimbun December 2013, 2 reading.
  13. ^ Meteor fall: 150 people injured called to Russia not to panicMSN Sankei News Retrieved February 2013, 2.
  14. ^ South Korea: Inauguration of President Park “North Korea abandons nuclear weapons” Mainichi Newspaper viewed on March 2013, 2
  15. ^ Luxor balloon crash: 19 dead and 4 Japanese Mainichi Newspaper viewed on March 2013, 2
  16. ^ WBC recognized as the world's best battle(Sponichi December 2011, 12)
  17. ^ Announcement of pipe selection: Next general election held in March 2013 — setting a stray schedule(JETRO Institute for Asian Economic Studies March 2012, 3)
  18. ^ President Chavez dies in Venezuela (CNN.co.jp)
  19. ^ "Chavez's National Funeral, Leaders from more than 30 countries attend Venezuela". AFPBB News (French news agency). (November 2013, 3). http://www.afpbb.com/article/politics/2933013/10406486 2013/3/9Browse. 
  20. ^ "[2nd year of the Great East Japan Earthquake] China responds to the memorial boycott "designated flowers" in Taiwan". Sankei Shimbun(July 2013, 3). https://www.sankei.com/politics/news/130311/plt1303110001-n1.html 2013/3/11Browse. 
  21. ^ EU bans animal testing of most cosmetics(The Straits Times January 2003, 1 / Global Biological Conference ALIVE)
  22. ^ Actuele stand van zaken veiligheidstests voor cosmetica(NCV-Cosmetica 14/07/2011)
  23. ^ Planck 2013 results.I. Overview of products and scientific results Astronomy & Astrophysics
  24. ^ President Obama signs amendment to US patent system turning to first-to-file(ITpro September 2011, 9)
  25. ^ [Revision of the US patent system] 13) Transition to the first-to-file principle(Aperio International Patent Office)
  26. ^ 83 people buried in landslides Gold mine in Tibet Autonomous RegionMSN Sankei Shimbun December 2013, 3 reading.
  27. ^ http://www.jiji.com/jc/c?g=int_30&k=2013040500999
  28. ^ M6.3 earthquake in southwestern Iran kills 32 people, no damage to nuclear power plant World Middle East Reuters, April 2013, 4-viewed April 9, 2013
  29. ^ Update on the areas affected by the Southern Iran Earthquake Iran Japanese Radio 2013/04/11 (Thursday) 20:02-Viewed April 2013, 4
  30. ^ Virus from market chicken/quail Chinese bird fluAsahi Shimbun Retrieved November 2013, 4.
  31. ^ a b “M7.8 near the Iran-Pakistan border”. NHK News (NHK). (April 2013, 4). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 4.. https://megalodon.jp/2013-0417-2332-38/www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20130416/t10013963871000.html 2013/4/17Browse. 
  32. ^ Magnitude 7.8-IRAN-PAKISTAN BORDER REGION 2013 April 16 10:44:20 UTC
  33. ^ Magnitude 7.5, Sistan va Baluchestan Province Tuersday, April 16, 2013 at 10:44:17 (UTC) Preliminary Earthquake Report Iranian Seismological Center
  34. ^ Sichuan Masayasu Earthquake Death toll 124 people Over 3000 people received China Newspaper April 2013, 4
  35. ^ Sichuan earthquake 124 dead, more than 3 injured YOMIURI ONLINE (Yomiuri Shimbun) April 2013, 4
  36. ^ China's Sichuan earthquake killed 157 people, injured more than 5800 Asahi Shimbun Digital April 2013, 4 / Updated April 20, 2013
  37. ^ "87 years old, inaugurated for the second term of President Napolitano "The government must scramble immediately". Sankei Shimbun(July 2013, 4). https://www.sankei.com/world/news/130423/wor1304230003-n1.html 2013/4/23Browse. 
  38. ^ Mr. Retta to the prime minister's candidate = a big coalition on the left and right of the middle road-Ita Jiji Press November 2013, 4
  39. ^ New King's coronation ceremony in Holland, the Crown Prince and his wife also attended with a smile Reuters JAPAN Viewed May 2013, 5
  40. ^ Annular solar eclipse in australia AFP BBNews Retrieved January 2013, 5
  41. ^ The Economist (June 2013, 6). “Brazil Demonstration: What do the citizens want on the streets?”. Japan Business Press. http://jbpress.ismedia.jp/articles/-/38071 2013/6/27Browse. 
  42. ^ “The Czech Prime Minister resigns the day after the meeting with Prime Minister Abe”Yomiuri Shimbun. (June 2013, 6). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 6.. https://archive.is/ixHqp 2013/6/18Browse. 
  43. ^ "Mr. Rudd regains leadership of the Australian Labor Party and becomes prime minister"The Wall Street Journal Japanese Edition. (June 2013, 6). http://jp.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324873304578570413118195002.html 2013/6/27Browse. 
  44. ^ "Official registration of Mt. Fuji World Heritage Committee has completed deliberation"Shizuoka Shimbun. (June 2013, 6). http://www.at-s.com/news/detail/696033433.html 2013/6/27Browse. 
  45. ^ “Japan's research whaling demanded by Australia to be canceled by the International Court of Justice”Nihon Keizai Shimbun. (June 2013, 6). http://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXNASGM2603D_W3A620C1FF1000/ 2013/6/27Browse. 
  46. ^ “The law of “rejection of same-sex marriage” is unconstitutional, US Supreme Court makes first decisionReuters. (June 2013, 6). http://jp.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idJPTYE95Q00620130627 2013/6/27Browse. 
  47. ^ “Brazil wins 3-0 victory over Confederate Cup for the third time in a row! Spain's unbeaten record has ended.goal.com. (July 2013, 7). http://www.goal.com/jp/match/114883/%E3%83%96%E3%83%A9%E3%82%B8%E3%83%AB-vs-%E3%82%B9%E3%83%9A%E3%82%A4%E3%83%B3/report 2013/7/1Browse. 
  48. ^ “Croatia advances to stable Balkans by joining EU EU issues and concerns about financial and corruption”. Sankei Shimbun(July 2013, 7). https://www.sankei.com/world/news/130702/wor1307020032-n1.html 2019/7/29Browse. 
  49. ^ “Egyptian Army Eliminates Coup, President Declaration of Suspension of Constitution”. Sankei Shimbun(July 2013, 7). https://www.sankei.com/world/news/130704/wor1307040036-n1.html 2013/7/4Browse. 
  50. ^ “Softbank acquisition of Sprint completed, Mr. Sun appointed chairman, third in mobile world”. Sankei Shimbun(July 2013, 7). http://sankei.jp.msn.com/economy/news/130711/biz13071109090002-n1.htm 2013/7/14Browse. 
  51. ^ "Paris suburban train derailment, many casualties". NHK News Web. Japan Broadcasting Corporation. オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 7.. https://megalodon.jp/2013-0715-1724-23/www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20130713/k10013018611000.html 2013/7/15Browse. 
  52. ^ 5700 missing persons sentenced to heavy rain in northern IndiaJiji Press November 2013, 7 reading.
  53. ^ “Panama authorities seized North Korean ships, weapons from sugar containers”Reuters. (June 2013, 7). http://jp.reuters.com/article/topNews/idJPTYE96F05K20130716 2013/8/8Browse. 
  54. ^ “Cuba “Repair in the North” Weapons from the Captive Ships, Explain”. Sankei Shimbun(July 2013, 7). https://www.sankei.com/world/news/130718/wor1307180037-n1.html 2013/8/8Browse. 
  55. ^ “The city of Detroit collapses, the largest US municipality ever”Reuters. (June 2013, 7). http://jp.reuters.com/article/marketsNews/idJPL4N0FO4CL20130718 
  56. ^ Five high school students who imitated the Marine Corps died after being kidnapped by waves KBS WORLD Radio (July 2013, 7) Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  57. ^ "The King of Belgium announces his abdication, to crown Prince Philip on 21st National Foundation Day". Sankei Shimbun. (013-07-04). https://www.sankei.com/world/news/130704/wor1307040040-n1.html 2013/7/4Browse. 
  58. ^ "89 dead in the Gansu earthquake in China, more than 500 people were injured in a collapsed house"Reuters. (June 2013, 7). http://jp.reuters.com/article/topNews/idJPTYE96M02Q20130723 2013/8/16Browse. 
  59. ^ "Gansu earthquake... 95 dead, over 1000 injured"Searchina. (July 2013, 7). http://news.searchina.ne.jp/disp.cgi?y=2013&d=0724&f=national_0724_061.shtml 2013/8/16Browse. 
  60. ^ "Accidente en Santiago: Un novo falecemento eleva o número de vítimas mortais a 79”(Galicia). La Voz de Galicia (July 2013, 7). 2013/7/29Browse.
  61. ^ a b "Driving restraint of driver = delay in deceleration-Spain derailment accident"Jiji Press. (July 2013, 7). http://www.jiji.com/jc/c?g=int_30&k=2013072600960 2013/7/26Browse. 
  62. ^ "Is the cause of the accident due to overspeeding = Spanish high-speed rail derailment?"Jiji Press. (July 2013, 7). http://www.jiji.com/jc/c?g=int_30&k=2013072500939 2013/7/26Browse. 
  63. ^ “Over 10 victims of Syrian civil war United Nations Secretary-General”. CNN. (July 2013, 7). http://www.cnn.co.jp/world/35035153.html 2013/7/26Browse. 
  64. ^ "What the North Korean ceasefire 60th anniversary event has revealed". 2014/6/27Browse.
  65. ^ “Excavation of luxury hotels for jewel theft in Cannes worth 52 billion yen”Sankei Shimbun. (July 2013, 7). http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/130729/erp13072900450000-n1.htm 2013/7/29Browse. 
  66. ^ “Russia recognizes Snowden asylum for one year”Yomiuri Shimbun. (June 2013, 8). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 8.. https://archive.is/PNRuy 2013/8/1Browse. 
  67. ^ "Disappointed in Snowden asylum exile" = cooperation with Russia to attend G20-US President"Jiji Press. (July 2013, 8). http://www.jiji.com/jc/c?g=int_30&k=2013080700235 2013/8/7Browse. 
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  76. ^ “Forty Years of Life in a Dense Forest, Protection of Parents and Children from Central Vietnam, During the War”Sankei Shimbun. (July 2013, 8). http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/130809/asi13080922060003-n1.htm 2013/8/10Browse. 
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  78. ^ “6 people died in a volcanic eruption, 3000 people evacuated in Indonesia”Sankei Shimbun. (July 2013, 8). http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/130810/asi13081021470001-n1.htm 2013/8/16Browse. 
  79. ^ 44 people killed in mosque attack Nigeria-2013.08.13 Tue posted at 10:18 JST (CNN)
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  81. ^ 56 people killed = Nigeria Jiji Dotcom
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  83. ^ “The UN Security Council Holds Emergency Meeting for 578 Dead in Egypt”Reuters. (June 2013, 8). http://jp.reuters.com/article/topNews/idJPTYE97E06C20130815 2013/8/16Browse. 
  84. ^ Philippine ferry sinks, 38 of 82 dead still unknown (CNN .co.jp)
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  87. ^ 27 people killed in Iraq after explosion and shooting CNN.co.jp
  88. ^ Brazil's foreign minister resigns due to foreign affairs with Bolivia CNN.co.jp
  89. ^ Commercial facility under construction collapses, 6 workers died Brazil CNN.co.jp
  90. ^ Building collapses in western India, killing 5 people CNN.co.jp
  91. ^ Bus accident and many deaths in Kenya CNN.co.jp
  92. ^ Estimated M7.0 earthquake in Alaska CNN.co.jp August 2013, 8
  93. ^ M5.9 earthquake in southwestern China reveals widespread damage to four victims CNN.co.jp August 2013, 8
  94. ^ China killed in M5.9 earthquake CNN.co.jp August 2013, 8
  95. ^ M5.9 earthquake and damage in China CNN.co.jp August 2013, 8
  96. ^ 49 people jailed in Tunisia, 13 detained CNN.co.jp Effective September 2013, 9
  97. ^ 27 people killed and 50 wounded in Baghdad CNN.co.jp Effective September 2013, 9
  98. ^ G20: Opening The Syrian issue is at the top of the focus Mainichi en September 2013, 9
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  100. ^ Istanbul will not host the 2020 Summer Olympics AFP (August 2013, 9) Retrieved August 8, 2020.
  101. ^ Tokyo is selected as the host city for the 2020 Olympics
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  104. ^ Tokyo Olympics, wrestling residual decision... Reform start evaluation YOMIURI ONLINE September 2013, 9
  105. ^ Mr. Bach as IOC Chairman... Working on Doping Issues YOMIURI ONLINE September 2013, 9
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  107. ^ 84 suicide bombers killed and injured in Mosul, northern Iraq CNN.co.jp Effective September 2013, 9
  108. ^ Volcanic eruption in Indonesia, 6200 people evacuated CNN.co.jp Effective September 2013, 9
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  112. ^ “[US Government Closure] Statue of Liberty and National Parks Closed. MSN Sankei News. (September 2013, 10). http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/131001/amr13100123020009-n1.htm 2013/10/1Browse. 
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  114. ^ The existence of "God's particle" Higgs particle is confirmed. Science gradually approaches the spirit world.(The Liberty Web October 2013, 10)
  115. ^ "The Minamata Convention is adopted... Regulations on mining, importing and exporting of mercury"Yomiuri Shimbun. (August 2013, 10). http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/eco/news/20131010-OYT1T00426.htm 2013/10/11Browse. 
  116. ^ "Five months after the Filipino earthquake, the current situation on Bohol Island-Disaster prevention and mitigation that should be regarded as one's own (Kunihiko Yahagi)-Yahoo! News”(Japanese). Yahoo! News Individual. 2021/4/6Browse.
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  118. ^ “Saudi resigns as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council-the refusal to enter the Security Council is unprecedented”The Wall Street Journal Japanese Edition. (June 2013, 10). http://jp.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702304134704579146190446733808.html 2013/10/21Browse. 
  119. ^ “Forest Fire “Worst in 45 Years” = Emergency Declaration including Sydney-Australia”Jiji Press. (July 2013, 10). http://www.jiji.com/jc/c?g=int_30&k=2013102100056 2013/10/21Browse. 
  120. ^ “A car rushes in front of Tiananmen, killing 5 people Maybe intentionally 38 injured Japanese people”Nihon Keizai Shimbun. (June 2013, 10). http://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXNASGM2804E_Y3A021C1FF1000/ 2013/10/28Browse. 
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  123. ^ “Undersea tunnel connecting Asia and Europe opens in Turkey”. CNN.co.jp. (August 2013, 10). http://www.cnn.co.jp/business/35039169.html 2013/11/1Browse. 
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  128. ^ Passenger plane crashes in Russia, burns fire, kills all 50 passengers Asahi Shimbun January 2013, 11 reading
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  133. ^ "Comet Ison disappears, "evaporates when the sun approaches" NASA announcement". MSN Sankei News. (September 2013, 11). http://sankei.jp.msn.com/science/news/131129/scn13112910260002-n1.htm 2013/12/1Browse. 
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  135. ^ “His Majesty, Departure to India for the First Time in 53 Years”. MSN Sankei News. (September 2013, 11). http://sankei.jp.msn.com/life/news/131130/imp13113011400004-n1.htm 2013/12/1Browse. 
  136. ^ “Japanese food is registered in the world's Japanese food as “World Intangible Cultural Heritage””Nihon Keizai Shimbun. (June 2013, 12). http://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXZZO63210430X21C13A1000004/ 2013/12/5Browse. 
  137. ^ “Mr. Kim Jong-un, aiming for individual dictatorship, dismissed No. 2 Zhang Naruzawa, urgently changing generations of forces and parties”Nihon Keizai Shimbun. (June 2013, 12). http://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXNASGM0903W_Z01C13A2FF2000/ 2013/12/10Browse. 
  138. ^ Execution of Mr. Zhang Narizawa "Concord with the enemy, conspiracy to overthrow the state" and the Korean Central Broadcasting death sentence, execution the same day". Sankei Shimbun(July 2013, 12). https://www.sankei.com/world/news/131213/wor1312130029-n1.html 2013/12/13Browse. 
  139. ^ “Chinese probe successfully landed on the moon for the first time”Nihon Keizai Shimbun. (June 2013, 12). http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20131214-OYT1T00944.htm 2013/12/15Browse. 
  140. ^ 150th anniversary of London Underground opening-UK news, jobs, events, columns, restaurants, UK magazine-UK news digest
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  142. ^ “Ceremonies in the 60th Year of the Revolution Cuba, Speaker Addresses”Sankei Shimbun. (July 2013, 7). http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/130726/amr13072623510009-n1.htm 2013/7/27Browse. 
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  144. ^ "Kristallnacht 75 Reflecting on Kristallnacht 75 Years Later." (English). 2013/11/9Browse.
  145. ^ "The 50th: HONORING THE MEMORY OF PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY”(English). President John F. Kennedy Commemorative Foundation. 2013/10/26Browse.
  146. ^ "First Flight Society News & Events”(English). First Flight Society. 2013/10/26Browse.
  147. ^ "120th anniversary of Mao Zedong”(Chinese (Simplified)). Sina Ltd. 2013/12/26Browse.
  148. ^ "GLOBAL 110TH ANNIVERSARY EVENTS”(English). Harley Davidson. 2013/10/26Browse.
  149. ^ New comet "Ison", brighter than the full moon?(National Geographic News October 2012, 10)
  150. ^ Comet Ison may have collapsed Perihelion passage(ITmedia November 2013, 11)
  151. ^ The solar observation satellite "Hinode" caught the reversal of the solar polar magnetic field.(National Astronomical Observatory "Hinode" website April 2012, 4)
  152. ^ NASA confirms that "reversal of solar magnetic poles (magnetic pole shift)" has started(In Deep August 2013, 8)
  153. ^ Abnormal solar activity-an unusual phenomenon for sunspots and pole reversals(Wall Street Journal Japan Edition November 2013, 11)
  154. ^ Video: Sun has'flipped upside down' as new magnetic cycle begins(Independent August 2013, 12)
  155. ^ "There is no energy of the sun, a sign of cold weather, a magnetic field conversion of the 11-year cycle does not occur, and the number of sunspots is minimal.". Sankei Shimbun(July 2013, 11). https://www.sankei.com/life/news/131118/lif1311180022-n1.html 
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  157. ^ Summary to understand what is the next-generation stationary game machine ``Steam Box''(Gigazine November 2013, 11)
  158. ^ Kikai Machine Invasion Opening Movie -Granzella Inc. official channel (UAF YouTube), viewed May 2013, 5, November 16, 2018.
  159. ^ Alex Irvine"Pacific Rim"Kadokawa Shoten, 2013, 6, 7, 156.ISBN 978-4-04-100926-0.
  160. ^ Comic "Pacific Rim: Year Zero" depicting the day before the movie will be released on December 2013, 12 (Wednesday)! - PR TIMES(Shogakkan Shueisha ProductionsPre-release), viewed November 2013, 11, February 29, 2016.
  161. ^ "Aim for the top!』From the newspaper article at the beginning of the first episode in the play.
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  165. ^ Colin Wilson"Space Vampire"Shinchosha Co., Ltd., 1977, 13 pages.ISBN 978-4-10-216201-9.
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