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Japan Professional Soccer League
Japan Professional Soccer League(Japan Professional Soccer League,British: Japan Professional Football League) IsJapan OfProfessional footballleague.. Abbreviation isJ League[Annotation 1](J League,British: J.LEAGUE).
The sponsoring organization isJapan Football Association(JFA),Japan Professional Soccer League.. The governing body is each club that joins the J League. Only valid for a single year corresponding to the participating category to joinClub licenseis necessary.
It started in 1993 with 10 clubs, and until 1998 it was held by up to 1 clubs as the "J League" with only one copy. From 18 "J League Division 1999" (currentlyJ1 league) And “J League Division 2” (currentlyJ2 league）[Annotation 2]Shifted to a two-part system, in 2 ``J3 league"(J3) was established and shifted to a three-part system. J3 leagueLeague structure of Japanese soccerTop of the amateursJapan Football LeagueIt is ranked the same as (JFL), and is differentiated between J1, J2 and J3 in various respects such as league emblems and participation requirements.
As of the start of the 2021 season, 40 clubs (J57:1, J20:2, J22:3) based in 15 prefectures in Japan have entered.[Annotation 3], Also belongs to the category such as JFLJ League Centennial Vision ClubThere are 11 clubs certified. For league compositionLeague structure of Japanese soccer (1 type)See.
The top three clubs in the final ranking of the J1 league areEmperor's Cup JFA All Japan Soccer ChampionshipTogether with the winning club,AFC Champions League(ACL) Participation rights are granted (if the top three clubs in J1 and the club that won the Emperor's Cup overlap, the fourth place in J3 will also participate).Japanese soccer clubs in Asian GamesSee also
Philosophy and activity policy
The J League has the following three principles.
- Raising the standard of Japanese soccer and promoting the spread of soccer
- Contribution to the promotion of rich sports culture and the healthy development of the mind and body of the people
- Contribution to exchange and goodwill in the international community
In addition, we have the following activity policies..
- Hold fair and attractive matches
- StadiumEstablishing the environment
- Promotion of local exchange
- FutsalSpread of
- Other than soccerSportsPromotion of
- Sports for the disabledPromotion of
This activity policy can be regarded as a method to realize the three principles of the J League..
Club name notation
In the J.League, the club name is "regional name + nickname" as a policy, and in principle, the names of companies that have been the management body from the beginning are excluded.However, it was held before the opening of the league1992 J League Yamazaki Nabisco CupIn addition, in some reports at the beginning of the opening, the club name notation was "Yomiuri Verdy" (Verdi Kawasaki), "Mitsubishi Urawa Red Diamonds" (Urawa Red Diamonds), "Panasonic Gamba Osaka" (Gamba Osaka), "Nissan FC Yokohama Marinos" (Yokohama Marinos) In some cases, including the company name of the operating body.
History of establishment
Soccer competitions in Japan are amateur-based national leaguesJapan Soccer League(JSL)1965 Was founded in,1968 OfRepresentation from Japan OfMexico OlympicsIt also gained a bronze medal and gained popularity for a whileAfter that, due to the poor performance of the Japanese national team, the mobilization of the audience was sluggish for a long time..1980 eraWith a view to professionalizationYomiuri Club×Nissan MotorThough gathered the audienceIn general, the popularity of the Japanese league was stagnant, and it was not so large that it was treated by the mass media... JSL andJapan Football Association(JFA) is trying to overcome such a situation,1982 From a league-led match holding to a "self-management" in which each team hosts a match,1984 ToKunimoto KamamotoBackward nude poster of "Martial arts declaration. ],1985 ToAkashi familyProducing a shirtless shirt, Continued to search for popularity, but failed.
As for the professionalization of Japanese soccer, after the Japanese national team won the bronze medal at the Mexico Olympics in 1968, the Japan kicking ball association (at that time)Japan Football Association)Chairman·Ken NozuAiming for "Professional Introduction" in the FutureYomiuri ShimbunCompany owner OfMasataro MatsuriOr ask to establish a professional soccer team,1977 ToGermanyBundesligaBecame the first Japanese professional soccer playerOkudera YasuhikoBut,1986 Returned toFurukawa ElectricWhen returning toKenji MoriIntroduced bySpecial license playersystemBy Okudera,Kaji KimuraStartSince the following year, many JSL players have become professional. Also1986 FIFA World Cup Asian Qualifyingso,World CupWhile approaching one step to the entry,Korean representativeOf the Japanese national team who lost toKoji MoriThe Japanese national team coachKorea (which was ahead of professionalization)The only way to catch up with is to make professionals in Japan."Takeshi NaganumaDemanded a contract as a professional coach from the managing director of the Football Association, but he was refused and resigned..
In the latter half of the 1980s, professional and amateur players were mixed, and despite the fact that the Football Association allowed professional players, the league continued to be distorted, with amateur matches and the Japanese national team also matching amateur standards..
Following this flow,1988 In March, JSL General ManagerKenji Mori, JSL Secretary GeneralKinomoto Kozo"JSL XNUMXst Activation Committee" established mainly[Annotation 4]Is seen as the start of a substantial "J League".. In the "History of J. League" on the official J.League official website and on "J.League x JFA official site "History of history in soccer," the "JSL activation committee" was established in March 1988... 『Football criticismDescribes the "JSL Primary Activation Committee" as "substantially establishing a professionalization review committee".. "JSL first activation committee", the sixth time, on July 6, 1988, Mori said, "While promoting the reform of the current situation, the "Special League" that aims to commercialize the top league on a commercial basis.(Professional league) will be considered" and the final report was compiled and submitted to the board of the Japan Football Association.[Annotation 5].. As successor to Mori in August 1988Kawabuchi SaburoBecame the General Manager of JSL, Kawabuchi "JSL Second Activation Committee" in October of the same year[Annotation 6]Install.. Within the Football Association, there was a consensus on “JSL activation”,Takeshi Naganuma,Shunichiro OkanoThere were some executives who wanted to make the league professional in the real intention,PeleIt wasNorth American LeagueIn some casesFor the “professionalization of the league”, the executives from the business team that belonged to the first division at the time, which had been seconded from the parent company, were mainly “professionalization is premature” and “even professional baseball teams”. "JSL council committee" said, "It is a deficit management, but there is no reason to be profitable in soccer."[Annotation 7]Dominated by.. Most of the business teams play soccerEmployee WelfareMany people felt a repulsion to the word "professional"".. Kawabuchi decided that nothing would start unless the revitalization committee discussions were moved to the Japan Football Association (JFA) instead of JSL., Next day1989 He dismissed the "JSL Second Activation Committee" in June and became Vice President of the Japan Football AssociationTakeshi NaganumaRequest to, "Pro League Review Committee" in JFA[Annotation 8]Was installed.. The word "examination" was added to get the conservative approval of the Japan Football Association, but in fact, among the parties concerned, the establishment of the professional league was already fixed as a default policy... It was when this "Pro League Review Committee" was set up that we could reach the stage where we could do a Pro League depending on how we did it... The Pro League concept is embodied, Announced on July 1991, 7, that the official name of the new professional league will be "Japan Professional Soccer League" and the nickname will be "J League"., Japan's first professional soccer leagueJapan Professional Soccer League(J League) was established[Annotation 9].. The name "J League" isHakuhodoSubmitted by[Annotation 10]Kawabuchi from among the things that led to adoption.. Hakuhodo had contact with JSL from "Kamamoto Poster", At that time, it was not a company's business, but something that helped make the most of individual networks,Dentsu PeleStarted retirementI was so deep into the Football Association that I had no room to enter.. However, it is said that Dentsu decided that it was “unrealizable” for the professional soccer league... It is said that Hakuhodo will deal with the J League from Vice Chairman Naganuma.
1986 6 of the monthMexico World CupAt an ongoing conference,FIFA7th Chairman ofJoan AverangerFrom1998 Or2002 In AsiaFIFA World CupWith the suggestion that Japan is in mind as the first venue,Officially joined FIFA in November 19892002 FIFA World CupCommunicate the intention to hold Japan.. In order to prove that Japan is a country suitable for hosting the World Cup, in addition to the construction of a stadium that meets the requirements of FIFA, strengthening with the Japan national team's first appearance in the World Cup in mind[Annotation 11]And the establishment and success of the professional league became necessary... World CupOlympicUnlike nationwide, we have to build a stadium that meets the requirements of FIFA as a base location for nationwideTied the invitation of the World Cup to the creation of the Pro League.. Naganuma who supported Kawabuchi et al."We recognized that the success of the professional league and the attraction of the World Cup are the wheels of the car. If we do not promote them in parallel, both will fall if one stumbles.Bubble economyThe start of the J-League was in time when there was a lingering finish.”.. In addition, the Japan national team, which was so weak, suddenly became stronger before the start of the J. League, supporting the popularity of the J. League... When the J League was founded, KawabuchiJ League ChairmanAs a representative of the Japan National Team, he was exposed to the mass media and was in the spotlight, so the image of the J League was made as if Kawabuchi made it... Although the formation of the professional league was made by accumulating many years of work of many people who want to flourish and strengthen Japanese soccer,The last step is that Kawabuchi's vitality and brute force became a major driving force. But,Kenji MoriとKinomoto KozoRemained barrenJapan Soccer LeagueI've been involved in the management of professionalization for a long time since the times, Kawabuchi despaired for Japanese footballThere was a time when I was away from soccerIt wasn't interesting because it seemed that Kawabuchi, who came in later, had taken a credit.. Kawabuchi said that when he first heard about the Pro League, he thought, "Isn't it stupid?"Even when he was appointed as JSL general manager after Mori, Kinomoto said, "If you don't feel like becoming a professional, don't come."Kinomoto said, "Before assuming the position of Mr. Kawabuchi, JSL general affairs manager, the path to professionalization was already established."Mori said, "I made a baton-touch to Mr. Kawabuchi after establishing a professional path.".. Especially for Kinomoto, KawabuchiFurukawa ElectricI was also my former boss, and my initial relationship was not bad,,2002 FIFA World Cuprear,Yomiuri ShimbunNextchairmanWhen Kinomoto's name came up as a candidate, the relationship between Kinomoto and Kawabuchi suddenly deteriorated... Kawabuchi's successor chairmanSuzuki MasaruKinomoto must be in a fair position, but if he opposes that the chairman from the club is too early to chairman, Mr. Suzuki and Kawabuchi will join the J League managing director, JFA executive director, J League video, J League related, etc. Dismissed the president of a subsidiary of the company, and was expelled from the J League and JFA.. A feud was born between Kawamori and Mori and Kinomoto.From this grudge,Daily Gendai], and criticized Kawabuchi in mass media.
- 3Establishes the First JSL Activation Committee within the Japan Football League Secretariat by JSL.
- 7, The first report by the XNUMXst JSL Activation Committee is submitted to the Japan Football Association.
- 8,Kawabuchi SaburoWill be appointed general manager of JSL.
- 10, The Second JSL Activation Committee is organized.
- 6, The final report by the Second JSL Activation Committee is submitted to the Japan Football Association.
- In March, details of J-League participation conditions such as hometown system, securing home stadium, and contributions will be decided.
- 6A request was made to participate in the J.League in the clubs participating in the Japan Soccer League, and 20 groups responded that they wanted to participate in the professional league.
- In August, the Pro League Review Committee is organized.
- 2, 10 clubs will be announced at the time of establishment (Original 10reference).
- In March, the professional league establishment preparation room was organized and Kawabuchi became the general manager.
- In July, a press release was announced regarding the establishment of the professional soccer league.The official name, logo mark, etc. will be announced.
- 11 , Established "Japan Professional Football League".Kawabuchi is appointed as the first chairman.
- Multi-ball systemIntroduced.
- Avispa Fukuoka,Kyoto Purple SangaIs a member.
- Due to the increase in the number of games due to the increase in the number of clubs this season, the two-stage system and the championship will not be held, and the annual championship will be decided based on the points won throughout the year.
- October,"J League Centennial PlanPublic relations activities with "" as the keyword are started.
- VISSEL KOBEIs a member.
- The 4th round brute force was changed to the 2nd round brute force, and the first half system and the championship were held again.
- January,Yokohama FlugelsとYokohama MarinosMerged with and newlyYokohama F. MarinosJoined as J1.
- January,Division 1(J1, 16 club)Division 2Shifted to a two-part system (J2, 10 clubs).Vegalta Sendai,Montedio Yamagata,Omiya Ardija,FC Tokyo,Kawasaki Frontale,Ventforet Kofu,Albirex Niigata,Sagan Tosu,Oita TrinitaIs a member.
- PK battleAbolished and introduced a draw system.If the victory or defeat is not decided within 120 minutes including the extension, it will be a draw.
- Mito Holy HookIs a member.
- Yokohama FCIs a member.
- Abolition of extra time at J2.
- In July, became the second chairmanSuzuki MasaruIs appointed.
- Established J League Academy Support Center.
- Abolition of extra time at J1.
- J1・J2 replacement gameIntroduced.
- Gainale TottoriIs a member.
- May 4,Public interest group corporation corporation Japan Professional Soccer League".
- FC Machida Zelvia,Masaru Matsumoto FCIs a member.
- J1 promotion playoffsIntroduced.
- Exchange system between J2 and JFLIntroduced.
- Thai Premier League,Vietnam soccer league,Myanmar Soccer LeagueConcluded a partnership agreement with
- In July, became the second chairmanMurai MitsuruIs appointed.
- The lower league, which is part 3J3 league(J3, 11 clubs +J League Under 22 selection(Total of 12 clubs/teams).. Newly established. As a "Title Partner" (special sponsor) unique to the J3 LeagueMeiji Yasuda Life InsuranceConcluded a contract with the name "Meiji Yasuda Mutual Life Insurance Co. J3 League".
- Kamata Mare Sanuki (J2),AC Nagano Pulceiro,SC Sagamihara,Zuegen Kanazawa,Blau Blitz Akita,FC Ryukyu,YSCC Yokohama,Fujieda MYFC,Fukushima United FC,Gluja Morioka(Above J3) is a new member.FC Machida ZelviaRejoined.
- With the establishment of J3, the replacement system between J2 and JFL was abolished.
- Indonesia Super League Concluded a partnership agreement with
- Established "Title Partner" in the sponsor category and concluded a contract with Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company. The generic name of the entire league is “Meiji Yasuda Life J League” (British: MEIJI YASUDA J.LEAGUE）[Annotation 12]Also, the titles for each category have been unified into the "Meiji Yasuda Mutual Life Insurance Company J (1, 2, 3) League".
- J1 transitioned to 11-stage system for the first time in 2 years. We will revive the J.League Championship, in which the stage winning club and a maximum of 1 clubs with 2st, 3nd, and 5rd place points will participate.
- Renofa Yamaguchi FCIs a member.
- Vanishing sprayStart using.
- New year cupNewly established.
- Iran soccer league,Malaysia Super League,Qatar Stars League Concluded a partnership agreement with
- Kagoshima United FCIs a member.J League Under 22 selectionHas finished its activities,FC Tokyo U-23-Gamba Osaka U-23-Cerezo Osaka U-23Joined J3.
- J Satellite LeagueIs back for the first time in seven years.
- January,Japan Top League Cooperation OrganizationJoined.
- A league(Australia) Signed a strategic partnership agreement.
- July 7, a major UK video distribution companyPerform GroupSigned a 2017-year broadcasting right from 2026 to 10.
- Van Rale HachinoheIs a member.
The requirements for joining the J League include items such as the stadium, management status, and team management status. Regarding team management, not only the teams actually participating in the J League match but also the training organization (Infrastructure) By the club youth team management obligations are also stipulated. From the 2013 seasonJ League club license systemWas established, and the system for judging whether or not to join the J League and the divisions that can join is updated.
In addition, since 2006, clubs that have been judged to meet the criteria for joining the J League or are expected to meet the criteria in the near futureJ League associate memberIt was decided to certify as “,” and after 3, after the establishment of J2014, instead of “J League Centennial Vision Club".
Regular Member Club
Club category is 2021 season..For home stadiums, the stadiums used in the home opening season of each team in the 2021 season are shown in the notation at the time of the home opening season of each team... If there is a deviation in the description in multiple materials, based on the description of the club guide on the J.League official website, the stadium name is based on the naming rights (see the article of each stadium for the handling of naming rights).
J League Centennial Vision Club
|Club name||Area of activity / Hometown|
|Tohoku||Line mail Aomori|
|Aomori Prefecture / Aomori|
(Kakuhiro Group Athletic Stadium<Aomori City>)
|Fukushima Prefecture / IwakiOther 1 cities 6 towns and 2 villages[Annotation 30]|
(J Village Stadium(Hirono-cho, Futaba-gun))
|Kanto||Tochigi City Football Club|
TOCHIGI City Football Club
|Tochigi Prefecture / Tochigi City|
(Tochigi Sports Park Athletic Field<Tochigi City>)
|Chiba / 市 原 市||Kanto Department 1||2020|
|Tokyo / Katsushika||Kanto Department 2||2020|
|Tokyo / Shinjuku ward||Kanto Department 1||2021|
|Mie / Kuwana CityOther 2 cities and 5 towns[Annotation 31]|
(Asahi Gas Energy Toin Stadium<Toin Town>)
|Suzuka Point Getters|
SUZUKA Point Getters
|Mie Prefecture / Suzuka|
(AGF Suzuka Athletic Field<Suzuka City>)
|Osaka / Higashi Osaka City|
(Higashiosaka Hanazono Rugby Field(Higashi Osaka City))
|Nara / NaraAll prefectures centered on|
(Naraden Field<Nara City>)
|Oita Prefecture / Beppu,Yufu||JFL||2021|
Clubs that were formerly full members of the J League
|Club name||Area of activity / Hometown|
|Yokohama-city kanagawa prefecture,Nagasaki prefecture, Kumamoto prefecture, Kagoshima prefecture[Annotation 32]|
(Mitsuzawa Park Stadium,Yokohama International Stadium,Nagasaki Prefectural Sports Park Athletic Field[Annotation 32],Kumamoto City Suizenji Stadium[Annotation 32],Kagoshima Prefectural Kamoike Athletics Stadium[Annotation 32]）
A club that was a J-League associate member, associate member, and centennial vision club in the past
|Club name||Area of activity / Hometown|
|Saga / Tosu City|
(Tosu Stadium<Tosu City>)
|Shizuoka Prefecture / Hamamatsu city|
(Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Miyakoda soccer field<Hamamatsu cityKita〉)
|Gunma Prefecture / Maebashi|
(Maebashi Sports Park Athletics/Soccer Field<Maebashi City>)
|Tokyo Musashino City FC|
TOKYO MUSASHINO City FC
|Tokyo / Musashino|
(Musashino Athletics Stadium<Musashino>)
Changes in the number of clubs and the elevating system
In 1998, the J1 entry decision match was held. From 1999, a replacement system was introduced with the transition to a two-part system of J1 and J2.
- 2012 yearsJ League club license systemUntil the introduction, if the J1 club that had the right to be promoted to J2 in the J.League examination did not meet the J1 standard, the promotion to J1 could be canceled and the demotion to J1 from 16th place in J2 could be canceled (actually). No clubs have been applied to).
- Official Match Stable FundIf a club that receives a loan from J1 cannot pay off by the repayment date, the club belonging to J1 will be demoted to J2 even if it can remain in J2, and the club belonging to J1 will be promoted even if it can be promoted to J3. Is sent off. In clubs belonging to J2, it is unclear whether promotion will be postponed even if the ranking can be promoted to J2013.However, the clubs to which this system may have been applied in the past are Oita in XNUMX.[Annotation 33]Only (as of the end of the 2020 season).
- If demotion from J2012 is institutionalized in 2 and there are clubs promoted to J2, the same number of clubs will be in the 2012 postseason.Japan Football League(JFL), relegated to J2013 after the 3 postseason.
- After the 2012 postseason (entry in 2013), in order to enter the J1, J2, and J3 leagues, it is necessary to obtain a license for that league or higher under the club license system. " ..
- If the number of games that can be digested is less than 1% of the total number of games scheduled for the year in the J2, J3, and J75 leagues, or 50% of the total number of games scheduled for the year in the category to which the player belongs. If there are no clubs, the tournament will be unsuccessful and no promotion or demotion will be made.
|Quantity||JFL relegation||Enter the J League|
|Hiratsuka / Iwata||JFLOld JFL|
|1994||12||12||C Osaka / Kashiwa|
|1995||14||14||Fukuoka / Kyoto|
|Quantity||J2 relegation||J1 promotion||Quantity||JFL relegation||Enter the J League|
|1998||18||18||Sapporo||-||9 clubs[Annotation 34]||J1 entry decision matchImplementation|
1 club reduced due to merger of Yokohama F and Yokohama M
|1999||26||16||Urawa / Hiratsuka||Kawasaki / FC Tokyo||10||Relegation|
|Mito||2 clubs with automatic replacement|
|2000||27||Kyoto / Kawasaki||Sapporo / Urawa||11||Yokohama FC|
|2001||28||Fukuoka / C Osaka||Kyoto / Sendai||12||-|
|2002||Hiroshima / Sapporo||Oita / C Osaka||-|
|2003||Sendai / Kyoto||Niigata / Hiroshima||-|
|2004||-||Kawasaki / Omiya||Tokushima / Kusatsu||J1・J2 replacement gameIntroduction of|
|2005||30||18||oak / Tokyo V / Kobe||Kyoto / Fukuoka / Kofu||Atago||Automatic replacement 2 clubs +J1・J2 replacement game|
|2006||31||Fukuoka / C Osaka / Kyoto||Yokohama FC / Kashiwa / Kobe||13||-|
|2007||Hiroshima / Kofu / Yokohama FC||Sapporo / Tokyo V / 京都||Kumamoto / Gifu|
|2008||33||Tokyo V / Sapporo||Hiroshima / Yamagata||15||Tochigi / Toyama / Okayama|
|2009||36||Kashiwa / Oita / Chiba||Sendai / C Osaka / Shonan||18||Kitakyushu||3 clubs with automatic replacement|
|2010||37||FC Tokyo / Kyoto / Shonan||Kashiwa / Kofu / Fukuoka||19||Tottori|
|2011||38||Kofu / Fukuoka / Yamagata||FC Tokyo / Tosu / Sapporo||20||Machida / Matsumoto|
|2012||40||Kobe / G Osaka / Sapporo||Kofu / Shonan / Oita||22||Machida||Nagasaki||Replacement 3 clubs (J1 promotion playoffsIntroduction)|
|Quantity||J2 relegation||J1 promotion||Quantity||J3 relegation||J2 promotion||Quantity||JFL relegation||Enter the J League|
|2013||40||18||Shonan / Iwata / Oita||G Osaka / Kobe / Tokushima||22||Tottori||-||Sanuki|
10 clubs[Annotation 35]
|Sanuki enters J2 from JFL|
10 clubs enter J3 from JFL
|2014||51||Omiya / C Osaka / Tokushima||Shonan / Matsumoto / Yamagata||Toyama||Kanazawa||11 (+1)||Relegation|
|Yamaguchi||J2・J3 replacement gameIntroduction of|
|2015||52||Matsumoto / Shimizu / Yamagata||Omiya / Iwata / Fukuoka||Oita / Tochigi||Yamaguchi / Machida||12 (+1)||Kagoshima|
|2016||53||Nagoya / Shonan / Fukuoka||Sapporo / Shimizu / C Osaka||Kitakyushu||Oita||13 (+3)||Numazu|
|2017||54||Kofu / Niigata / Omiya||Shonan / Nagasaki / Nagoya||Gunma||Tochigi||14 (+3)||-||J2⇔J3 is only automatic replacement (replacement battle abolished)|
|2018||Kashiwa / Nagasaki||Matsumoto / Oita||Kumamoto / Sanuki||Ryukyu / Kagoshima||Hachinohe||J1⇔J2 is automatic replacement 2 clubs +Entry playoffs|
|2019||55||Matsumoto / Iwata||Kashiwa / Yokohama FC||Kagoshima / Gifu||Kitakyushu / Gunma||15 (+3)||Imabari|
|2020||56||-||Tokushima / Fukuoka||-||Akita / Sagamihara||16 (+2)||Miyazaki||No demotion to J2 / J3, no entry playoffs|
|2021||57||20||15||No entry playoffs|
- ItalicIs a club whose elevating rank is decided by the result of the qualification match
- 2014/2015J League Under 22 selection, From 2016 to 2020, the U-23 team was competing in the J3 League, but since it is not subject to elevating or lowering, it is shown in parentheses in this table.
J1 league match
J2 league match
J3 league match
List of title acquisition clubs
- Listed only for clubs that have won major titles since the establishment of the J League.
- The J2 and J3 annual championships and the J2 stage championships in the two-stage era are not included.
- See the club/convention section for detailed information.
|Jeff United Chiba||0||0||2||0||0||2||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||2|
|Yokohama F. Marinos||4||2||1||0||0||7||0||0||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||1||8|
|Kyoto Sanga FC||0||1||0||0||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1|
In the J League, when each club has a misconduct or a player/spectator trouble, sanctions may be taken in the following order. Sanctions are stipulated in Articles 141 to 143 of the J League Rules, and it is said that the chairman will make the final decision on sanctions based on the results of the investigation by the arbitration committee or related specialized committees. There is.
Sanctions are taken against the club and individuals who belong to the club, with the following stages:
- Sanctions on clubs
*Holding of neutral locations, no-spectator games, confiscation games, and forced demotion have been established since 2014.
- Sanctions against individuals
- Fine (up to 5,000 million yen)
- Suspension of participation (indefinite or with a maximum of 1 year suspension)
- Suspension of official game duties (suspension of all or part of official game duties for an indefinite or permanent period of time)
League games are basically weeklySaturdayorSundayIs held in. If you need to play 2 games a week because of your scheduleWednesdayIn addition to playing games,public holidayThere are cases where the game interval becomes irregular due to the arrangement of.
Matches held on Saturdays and Sundays are basicallyDay matchHowever, each bunsetsu match should be taken into consideration for TV relay.Night matchHowever, in addition to being held, J6 and J9 games in the summer (generally from late June to early September) are held as night matches in principle.In addition, games held on weekdays other than public holidays are held as night matches in principle (J1, which does not require lighting equipment, may have weekday day matches, and once on weekdays due to facility reasons, etc. There was also a day match at the event.)
The final section basically unifies the dates and start times of all games.
From 2008, J League Cup and J2 games will not be played on the day when there is a match for Japan National Team in principle. Itself is not assembled). In addition, if the match schedule is undecided and there is a match scheduled for the Japanese national team, it is possible to hold it on both Saturday and Sunday.
Regarding the game schedule, approximately mid-January, we will announce only the game schedule of the home game opening season of each club, the competition combination, the venue of the match in advance, and the detailed match schedule of all the remaining games at the end of January or early February. Combinations, match venues, and the first half of the game (generally until late August2 season systemとなる年は、第1ステージの17試合分のみ）の試合開始時間を、6月下旬または7月初めに後半戦（概ね9月以後 J1リーグの2シーズン制となる年の第2ステージ17試合についても同様であるが、第2ステージの開始時期によっては前倒しとなる場合あり）の試合開始時間について発表される.
- From 1 to 1993, it was basically held on Saturday, including the one-part era (1998 to 1993). However, during the 2000-1993 two-stage era, it was held on weekdays (mainly Wednesday) due to the number of matches.
- After 2001Sports promotion lotteryWith the introduction of (toto), it was held mainly on Saturday with J2.
- In 2002, in consideration of schedule adjustments such as TV broadcasting, the decentralized type was adopted, in which two games out of one verse were held on Sunday, in principle, while being held on Saturday.
- After 2012, it was fixed as Saturday in principle,AFC Champions LeagueFor clubs participating in, consider weekends to be played in the middle of the week (Tuesday/Wednesday), and consider weekends to be played on Fridays or Sundays, or when away games are played abroad. There is also an example held on Wednesday. No match will be held during the International A Match period.
- From FY2018, we will hold about 10 rounds a year, 1-3 games in each round as "Meiji Yasuda Life Friday Night J League" from Friday, as appropriate.
- The two years from 1999 to 2000 were basically held on Sundays, but about 2-1 times a month was also held on Thursdays.
- Since 2001, with the introduction of toto, it was held mainly on Saturday with J1 (some were held on Sunday).
- It will be held on Sundays in principle after 2012. The week when most J1 matches are held on Sunday may be held on Saturday. There is also a week that is held on Wednesday. Also during the International A match period, the match will be held while adjusting to the extent that it does not overlap with the Japanese national team match (however, the match was not held during the 2002 and 2010 World Cup periods).
- Basically, it is fixed on Sunday.
- Since lighting equipment is not currently required by the J3 club's stadium standards, it is basically organized around day matches including summer (the home game of clubs with lighting equipment at the base also holds night matches. ).
- Every year from August to September, the Emperor's Cup prefectural qualifying (J8 participates from the prefectural qualifying), andNational bodyThere will be an interval of about 3 weeks to 1 month since the block qualifying (mini national polity) will be held. It should be noted that this has been slightly revised since 2017 due to the system reform of the Emperor's Cup.
In addition, if there are multiple clubs that are based in the same prefecture/city/town/village, the schedule is adjusted so that home games are not held in the same section as much as possible (2011 In case of J1Saitama,Kanagawa,Shizuoka,Osaka, J2Tokyo, Kanagawa Prefecture is applicable). However, in the early days, two teams in Yokohama City played home games on the same day.[Annotation 37].2011 In addition, there are cases where two teams of Saitama and Osaka of J1 and Tokyo of J2, and two clubs of J1 and J2 each in Kanagawa prefecture play a home game in the same section, but in principle, even if it is unavoidable at this time, in principle, One on Saturday, the other on Sunday[Annotation 38] Is considered to be.
The dates of J2012 and J2016 were divided from 1 to 2, and the kickoff time was staggered.J League broadcastWas in charge ofSKY PerfecTV!It was revealed at the contract press conference of the J League and DAZN in 2016 that it was due to restrictions on the number of channels and broadcasting time of, and now whether Saturday or Sunday will be held It's up to the club.
Number of people assigned
On August 2010, 8, the total number of visitors to the J8 and J1 league games reached 2 million. The total number of visitors, including official games such as cup games and all-star games, exceeded 1 million in March 2009.
In addition, British soccer magazine "World SoccerAccording to the statistics published in the August 2009 issue, is that the average number of visitors in the soccer leagues around the world is the highestBundesligaThe number of players is 38,975, and the J1 league is in sixth place with 19,278 (2008 season).
Number of visitors by stadium
- The order of publication is according to the clubs with the highest number of visitors per game of league home games (the numbers of attendees below do not include the number of cup games and playoffs).
- Home stadium abbreviation, divisions, number of visitors Is as of the end of the 2019 season (home games: J1 17 games, J2 21 games, J3 17 games).
- If more than one home stadium is registered, list the one with the largest number of seats (excluding cases where the official match sponsored by the J League was not held even if registered for the headquarters).
- The invitation ticket ratio is during the 2019 season According to the results of a stadium spectator survey (questionnaire) conducted by the J League on the day that each home game was held for each club (not necessarily showing the trend for the entire season). The survey does not disclose the invitation ticket ratio for J3 clubs, so I will omit J3 clubs.
- Admission fee income Is the number of 2018 financial statements for each club (home games: J30 has 1 games, J17 has 2 games, J21 has 3 games).
|ク ラ ブ|
|Number of seats|
|Average number of visitors|
|Total number of visitors|
|Invitation ticket ratio|
|Admission fee income|
(横 浜 市）
(横 浜 市）
|Sankyo F Kashiwa|
(横 浜 市）
|White wave studio|
(横 浜 市）
From 1993 to 1996,MizunoWas in charge of all the club uniform suppliers. However, the contract was only for league games, so in cup games such as the Emperor's Cup and the J League Cup, each club individually signed a contract with a uniform manufacturer and wears uniforms for cup games.[Annotation 42].. However, in 1997, in addition to the previous Mizuno,Umbro"ア デ ィ ダ ス"Puma"(Verdi Kawasaki is in the form of independent productionNike)) has been added as a new uniform supplier (also for league games only), and since 1998, only clubs that have a uniform supplier contract with the J League have their clubs such as uniform manufacturers. Can now conclude a separate contract with.
Yokohama FM and Nagoya adopted the 3rd uniform for the first time in the J League in 2001, but now it is introduced by several clubs, mainly clubs that participate in ACL of that year. Also, with the approval of the J-League Secretary General, it is possible to wear a uniform different from the uniform specified in the “Uniform usage plan”. The J. League annual champion club can use the golden J. League logo mark as a champion mark and put it on the sleeve of the uniform next season instead of the J. League logo.
In domestic official games (League, League Cup, Emperor's Cup), it is permitted to put sponsor advertisements on the front chest of the uniform, upper part of the number, left sleeve, and trunks.2016 From the bottom of the uniform number,2018 From the authors, it was accepted that the front clavicle (left side and right side) could be sponsored, but before thisFC TokyoとGamba OsakaThere is an example of putting an advertisement at the bottom of the uniform number.
Ensuring visibility (especiallyColor universal designFor the purpose of (from the viewpoint of), the number and player name notation used for uniforms from the 2021 seasonfontAnd the color scheme was unified throughout the J League..The unified font isCarlsbergThe original font "J.LEAGUE KICK" produced by Contrapunkt of Denmark, which worked on the visual design of the font, can be used in white, blue, red, black, and yellow. Designated in 5 colors.
2021 season uniform supplier
|ア デ ィ ダ ス||Sendai / Yokohama FM||Matsumoto / Niigata||Imabari|
|Athletic||-||Akita / Tochigi / Tokyo V||Sanuki|
|ア ン ダ ー ア ー マ ー||-||Omiya||Iwate|
|Soccer junkie||Yokohama FC||Mito||Tottori|
|Nike||Kashima / Urawa / Hiroshima||-||-|
|New balance||FC Tokyo / Tosu||-||-|
|Hummel||-||Kanazawa||Hachinohe / Fukushima|
|Puma||Kawasaki / Shimizu / C Osaka / Oita||Iwata / Kyoto||Numazu / Kumamoto|
|penalty||Shonan||Yamagata / Okayama / Kitakyushu||Nagano|
|Mizuno||Sapporo / Nagoya / Tokushima||Kofu / Ehime||-|
|Yonex||Kashiwa / Fukuoka||-||Miyazaki|
Changes from 1993 to 1996 with different numbers for each matchUniform numberHowever, from 1997 it was changed to a fixed uniform number system decided before the start of the season and at the time of joining the club..
Also, in 2004, a certain number (12Has become a supporter's number and there are some clubs that are missing.2018 May 5, J League Board of Directors was held, and it became possible to change the uniform number during the season, and it was applied from the same day... First time appliedVISSEL KOBE OfHiroki Mitaso,8から7Was changed to
The main contents of the agreement as of the 2019 season are as follows.
- Uniform number0Is not possible.
- Uniform number1 TheGoalkeeper, Uniform number2から11Up to must be attached by the field player.
- Uniform number12After that, if there are less than 50 registered players50Up to can be attached freely regardless of position. However, if the number of registered players exceeds 51,51Must be numbered sequentially.
In 1996, when the variable number system was changed,Koji ImatoIs the GK number1Other than2から11I have given the uniform numbers up to.
At the beginning of the introduction of fixed uniform numbers, the Emperor's Cup registered a separate uniform number in addition to the J League notification, so there are cases where a different uniform number was worn.
Official game ball
In the J League game, the J League official logo mark is includedMatch ball(Official Game Ball) is used. In the opening game of 1993Henny Meyer(V Kawasaki) decided the J.League No. 1 goal match ball is stored in a glass case in the chairman room of the J.League Secretariat.
|年度||Official game ball|
|2008||Team Geist II|
- The first type team (top) is supervisedJapan Football Association official S-class leader licenseThe person who holds is to be instructed.
- The Type 1 team (satellite) can be supervised by the same class A (or higher) leader license holder, and the second class or lower by the same class B (or higher) license holder.
Registered in Japan Football AssociationFirst-class refereeBeing recommended and decided from the above, he will be the referee for the J League. For the 2019 season, 59 referees and 100 assistant referees.. Among these were certified by the Japan Football AssociationProfessional referee (PR), and earns a living only by being paid as a referee.
Each match, the flags of both clubs that compete with the J League flag are displayed at the J League match venue. The design of the flag is based on the club color of your club,Logo type,emblemIs generally included. In addition, there may be FIFA's fair play flag beside or below the J League flag, and when a player enters the J League's fair play flag with the sign of the starting member Then enter the pitch. In addition, there are two types of J. League flags used in league games, and in regular match venues, plain flags are mainly used.
- The background is a plain pattern based on "white" with the official logo of the J League in the center.
- The background is a type with an Italian flag-like pattern based on "green" "white" "red" with black borders from the left side, with the official J. League logo in the center.
Not specified by convention[Annotation 44]However, in league games, when entering playersAnthemFlows (excluding some clubs). At the opening of the J-League in 1993, guitarist Michiya Haruhata (TUBE) produced the official J-League theme song "J'S THEME" and performed it at the opening ceremony. It is used in events and stadiums related to the J League.Also, the official J-League anthem "THE GLORY" (composition:Toshi Kishi) Also exists and is used as an anthem in some clubs, but many clubs create their own anthems and play them at the time of admission.
Levan Cup is a dedicated anthem (composition:☆ Taku Takahashi) Is used.
|Official theme song||1993||J'S THEME||-||Michiya Haruhata(TUBE）|
|Official anthem||J'S BALLAD|
|2003||THE'GLORY||Toshi Kishi||Toshi Kishi|
|Official song||leap||Yasuoka Yu||Tetsuya Murakami||Takao Konishi|
|2007||Will Be There is a future I want to show.|
|2008||Will Be To the world standard for club football.|
|2009||The voice of "SHOUT! for SHOOT!" Until the body ends.|
|2010||Superb live entertainment|
|2011||Run for tomorrow|
Power to one. -TEAM AS ONE-(Great East Japan Earthquake reconstruction assistance slogan)
|2016||Power to one. -TEAM AS ONE-Kanbaro Kumamoto/Kyushu(Kumamoto Earthquake Recovery Support Slogan)|
|2017||Power to one. -TEAM AS ONE-(Unified disaster recovery support activities)|
The clubs that belong to the J League are the academy (InfrastructureIn the J.League term, it is obligatory to have a "development organization". The Academy is registered with the JFA as a generational team (Japan Football Association Team Registration TypeParticipating in each tournament sponsored by the J League and JFA sponsored tournaments.
- Mr. pitch
- The reading is "Mr. Pitch".
- Born November 1991, 11, origin unknown.
- Blood type is J type.
- The height is 180 cm, the three sizes are 200, 200, 200 cm from the top, and the whole body is covered with green grass.
- My favorite color is green. My favorite words are "Earth was blue", "It's been three years on a stone and XNUMX years on a turf."
- My hobby is gardening.
- As a "J League centennial vision messenger," he is actively participating in various events such as "Family Join Days" and "J League All-Star Soccer" that are currently held every year. You can also see the video footage of him appearing on electronic bulletin boards before and after the game or during half time at match venues around the world. He also serves as a model for posters and advertisements in magazines that publicize the "Hundred Year Plan".
- J League King (J-boy)
J League Club
Official sponsors of the J League (league match) can post advertisement signs at the J1 match venue, and with the J League logo mark in advertisements in newspapers, magazines, and broadcast media."(Company name) is a J.League XX partner"Or“(Company name) supports the J League.”Can post credits. In addition, regardless of the class to which each company belongs, the company name can be read aloud on the electronic bulletin board at the venue or during the half-time before or after the match, or on the venue.
Until 2011, the sponsorship category was divided into "official sponsor" and other sponsors (equipment supplier, 90-degree system advertisement sponsor, etc.) The categories of sponsors/suppliers are subdivided so that they are easier to understand.
- Common to all divisions
- Regarding J. League rules regarding the installation of official partner advertisements Article 35 (page 27) states: "The J.League is located in the stadium at the position designated by the J.League, and the companies/organizations of the J.League official partners are advertising of the prescribed size and number.Signboard(screen) Must be secured and a space must be secured to display it.”
- Japan Sports Promotion Center(Toto・BIG,2001 Than),Asahi Shimbun(2003 Than),DAZN(2017 More) top partners[Annotation 45] Advertising banners of companies that sponsor league games in other forms are basically installed in the front row of the back stand.[Annotation 46].. Also, from 2019, DAZN advertisements have been moved to backstand advertisements only for the J1 league. Some sponsorsJ League CupWhen posting an advertising signboard[Annotation 47] There is also.
- From 2008 to 2013, the official supplier on the left side of the main stand (in principle behind the home goal)contact lensEtc.)Johnson & JohnsonA small advertisement was installed. Currently, only in the J1 league, a league title logo and a small advertisement for a sports lottery (toto/BIG) are placed behind the goals on both sides when viewed from the main stand.
- From fiscal 2015, “Title Partner” will be established as the highest-ranking sponsor category from “Top Partner” of the entire J League (including J3), and Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance will take office., The official name of the league was "Meiji Yasuda Mutual Life Insurance Company J (1, 2, 3) League".
- During the two-stage era from 1993 to 1995, the sponsor of the stage (2stSuntory, 2ndNippon Shinpan) Advertising billboards are in the front row on the back stand and behind the goal[Annotation 48] に2枚ずつの合計4枚、他のオフィシャルスポンサー団体は1枚ずつ掲出されていた。それ以後は原則バックスタンドに各社2枚ずつ掲出されている。2015年2ndステージからは1stステージよりトップパートナーが1社増加したため、両サイドの外側にトップパートナーの広告が1枚ずつはみ出る形になり、ランダムに2社の広告が1枚ずつはみ出している（球技専用が多い）場合がある[Annotation 49].
- From 2005 to 2014, electric rotary advertising boards were introduced for each J1 match. However, the games that are introduced are often set up in the games that attract attention in each section. In addition, from 1, J2008 will be used for each matchMitsubishi ElectricThe electronic billboard (Aurora Ribbon Vision) manufactured by the company was introduced. It is mainly operated mainly for NHK-BS relay games. From 2015, the number of games that use electric billboards instead of the rotating billboards has increased to 1 games per section.
- In J2, the advertising billboards of the official sponsors of the J League were not displayed until 2007 (the billboards of the official sponsors of each club hang), but from 1996 to 1998Japan Football LeagueAt the time of the home game held by a team that was an associate member of the J. League, one advertising billboard for each official sponsor of the J. League was posted behind the goal. In addition, since 1, the advertisement of the official sponsor comes to be put together in a small sheet next to the signboard of the tournament name.
- In 2014, a separate sponsorship sponsor was established in addition to J1 and J2.[Annotation 48]In addition, 4 titles were sponsored by Meiji Yasuda Life and 3 titles from other J2 official sponsors.[Annotation 46].. Of the J2014 sponsors of 3,Japan Airlines以外の各社はJ1・J2の何らかの公式スポンサーを兼務していたが、2015年度からはJ1・J2を含めて統一したスポンサー体系にすることになり、J2同様、大会名の看板の横に公式スポンサーを1枚にまとめて載せるようになった（なお2014年はJ3公式スポンサー団体を除いたJ1・J2のスポンサー団体の広告は設置しなかった）。
- J League Cup
- Since the establishment of the tournamentYamazaki Nabisco → Yamazaki BiscuitCompany logo, and advertising signs for the company's products (Revan,Chip starOthers) are installed. In the first three years (3 to 1992) from the beginning of the foundation, only the games of the qualifying league (1994st and 1994nd round in 1) are installed behind the goal, along with the advertisement of Nabisco. The sign of the sponsor sponsor of each club was placed.
- Sponsor Special Day & Special Match
- Over the years since the stage sponsor system was abolished in 1996, official sponsor companies in the J League held sponsor special days or special matches for specific sections and matches. At the venue of the match, the sponsor company of Special Day developed a campaign promotion.
List of supporting organizations
List of past supporting organizations
|Sponsor category type||Contract period||Supporting organization name|
|Stage sponsor[Annotation 56]||1993-1995||Suntory(First Stage Championship[Annotation 57]）|
|Nippon Shinpan (NICOS card)(Second stage)|
|Official Sponsor (1993-2011)|
→ Top Partner (2012 -)[Annotation 45]
|Nisshin Flour Mill|
|1993-2004||Daiei Convenience Systems → Lawson[Annotation 58]|
|Nippon Shinpan → Mitsubishi UFJ NICOS (NICOS card)|
|1994-2007||Japan Energy (JOMO)|
|1996-1998||Daiichi Kangyo Bank|
|1996-2019||Canon/Canon Sales → Canon Marketing Japan|
|Try group (try of home teacher)|
|GE Consumer Finance|
|2014-2019||Meiji Yasuda Life|
|90° system advertising sponsor[Annotation 59]||2002-2007||Suntory|
|2008-2009||Japan Energy (JOMO)|
|2009-2012||Japan Coca-Cola[Annotation 60]|
|World challengesponsor||1994-1997||Sanwa Bank|
|All-star soccersponsor||1993-1998||Japan Kodak|
|2002-2007||Japan Energy (JOMO)|
|Dream matchsponsor||1995-2001||Japan Energy (JOMO)|
|Network partners||2002-2010||East Nippon Telegraph and Telephone|
|West Nippon Telegraph and Telephone|
|Official supplier||2008-2013||Johnson & Johnson Vision Care Company|
|Official timekeeper||2019-2020||Tag Heuer|
|Fair play partner||2012-2014||Tokyo Electron|
|Official VAR/Fair Play Partner||2020||Home|
|Associate[Annotation 61]||2015||Japan Airlines[Annotation 55]|
|Alliance Marketing Partner||1993-2013||Hakuhodo DY Media Partners|
|Official Broadcasting Partner||2007-2016||SKY Perfect JSAT|
|J2 Supporting Company||2002-2003||Dai Nippon Printing|
|■2014 J3 LeagueFor the original sponsor sponsor that was set inJ3 League #Supporting Organizationreference.|
Overseas affiliated league
- Thai Premier League(Concluded partnership agreement in February 2012)
- Vietnam soccer league(Concluded partnership agreement in February 2012)
- Myanmar Soccer League(Ibid.)
- Cambodia League(Concluded partnership agreement in February 2013)
- S League(Concluded partnership agreement in February 2013)
- Indonesia Super League(Concluded partnership agreement in February 2014)
- Iran soccer league(January 2015-1, partnership agreement signed)
- Malaysia Super League(Concluded partnership agreement in February 2015)
- Qatar Stars League(Concluded partnership agreement in February 2015)
- A league(Concluded strategic cooperation agreement in May 2016)
- La Liga(Concluded strategic cooperation agreement in May 2017)
from now on
J League2021 May 4At a press conference after the executive committee held in Tokyo, it was revealed that a "replanning promotion team" was established on April 2021, 4 to discuss the future image of the league...Managing DirectorMasaaki KimuraIt is shown that the following items will be explored for feasibility and the research analysis that is the premise will be examined.
- Need to make selection and focus decisions, but want to explore feasibility
- Strengthening the system to expand viewing
- Further value improvement by optimizing the organization within the league (optimization of human resources)
- Reliable execution of toC strategy (contents to convey to visitors / method to convey)
- Enhancement of club & company matching function
- 23 wardsStadium (Wembley Stadium(Concept to develop a stadium that can be used as a middle ground)
- Those who need to change their consciousness at the ideological level and continue the research analysis that is the premise
- Increasing the slope distribution ratio
- Naming rightsLifting of the ban (whether or not to accept the company name in the club name)
- ListingLifting of the ban (consistency with cross-ownership)
- Hometown deregulation (especially the possibility of events by other clubs in Tokyo)
- Review of league structure
Regarding "review of league structure", it was clarified that the upper limit of the total number of clubs of J2014, J1 and J2 was set to 3 as of 60, and when the number of J3 clubs reached 20 It has been clarified that it intends to reach a conclusion by the end of September 2021 in the content of considering how to make the subsequent form., Some media reported the idea of establishing a "Premier League" that is higher than the J1 LeagueAlthough there is an opinion, he denies that "it is not on the agenda at all"..
- League structure of Japanese soccer (1 type)
- Family Join Days
- Transfer game
- Preseason match
- Japanese derby match
- home town
- Professional (soccer)
- List of Japanese soccer players
- Japan Professional Soccer Players Association
- Specially designated player
- Employee players
- Rental transfer
- Alien quota (soccer)
- List of Japanese soccer players who belong to leagues outside Japan
- Sports promotion lottery(Toto, soccer lottery)
- List of pages starting with "J League"
- ^ “Glossary (terminology)” defined by the league Stipulates that "J" in the Japanese notation, including the word "J League", should be full-width "J", but in WikipediaNotation guideIt is written in half-width based on.
- ^ 2014年度までJ1・J2のリーグ戦の呼称についてはJリーグ定款でそれぞれ「Jリーグ ディビジョン1」「Jリーグ ディビジョン2」と表記されていたが、2015年よりそれぞれ「J1リーグ」「J2リーグ」に改める。なおJ3については、初年度の2014年から正式な呼称として「J3リーグ」を採用している。
- ^ From 2016 to 2020, there were three other J3 club U-1 teams participating in J23.
- ^ Proposal of "activation committee"Kenji Mori.. The name at the time of installation is "JSL Activation Committee". At present, this is called the "JSL First Activation Committee". Kawabuchi took the post of Mori and became the general affairs manager and named the "Second Activation Committee" after resuming after Mori et al. As a result, what was held in the days when Mori was the general affairs manager was later called the ""first" activation committee"... The members of the "First Activation Committee" are Kenji Mori, Kozo Kinomoto, and Mori and Kinomoto.Yoshinobu Ishii,Koji Mori,Junji Ogura, Tadao Murata (JFA), Seiya Asano (Yomiuri),Ryuichi Sugiyama,Kazuki Sasaki Chose 7 people.. It was natural for Kenji Mori to be chairman, but Mori appointed Junji Ogura as chairman, considering the balance and company explanation that Mori was too busy transferring to Nagoya... The "Activation Committee" had six meetings in a short period of time to analyze the current status of the Japanese league, investigate other countries' professional leagues, and explore the possibility of creating a professional league in Japan..
- ^ The report of the "Second Activation Committee" compiled 10 months later follows this, and it becomes the framework of the J League almost as it is..
- ^ The members of the "Second Activation Committee" are Kenji Mori and Kozo Kinomoto, including the same nine members as the "First Activation Committee", and Yutaka Abe, the executive member of the team who is reluctant to become a professional. (NKK), Kozaburo Arimura (Yanmar), Shinichiro Izumi (ANA), and 13 people who added Kawabuchi, Kawabuchi has appointed Junji Ogura as the chairman of the "Second Activation Committee".. The "Secondary Activation Committee" has further examined the conclusions made by the "First Activation Committee"... Kawabuchi was initially against the professionalization of the league, not only because the level of the Japanese league at that time was low, but also because unfair play was rampant... However, “while participating in the serious discussions of the activation committee, I realized that there was a need for fundamental reform, and leaned toward promoting professionalization, saying that “I have nothing to lose”... The "Second Activation Committee" met eight times from October 1988, 10 to March 3, 1989, and dismissed the proposal "Starting the 3 Special League", and discontinued the discussion. Entrusted to the JFA "Pro League Review Committee".
- ^ The "JSL Council" is the highest JSL voting body. It consisted mainly of councilors elected by the member teams themselves. In many cases, people with a position of director in the parent company were selected, and there was a tendency to respect the company's intentions... The members of the “First Activation Committee” to the “Second Activation Committee” were people who were effectively circling each team, but if they return to the parent company, they will be directly related to the management policy of the company. I didn't have a position to touch.. The chairman of the "JSL Council"Nissan MotorVice President Yasushi Hosokawa. The other members were also representatives of each team, and their position in the parent company was far above that of the "Activation Committee" members..
- ^ “Professional Countermeasures Headquarters” (Head of Ken Naganuma) was established in JFAIn October 1990, the "Pro League Review Committee" (chairman Kawabuchi Saburo) was established... The "Pro League Exploratory Committee" will hold six meetings until January 1991, determine the conditions for participating in the league, confirm and inquire with the group concerned, and hold an advisor board..
- ^ On November 1991, 11, it was decided that the new league would be incorporated as the "Japan Professional Soccer League"..
- ^ The name "J League" was originally proposed as an abbreviation for the Jipang League..
- ^ There was no precedent for an unattended country becoming a World Cup host.
- ^ The notation used in logos etc. is "Meiji Yasuda Life J.LEAGUE'
- ^ Hachinohe City,Towada,Gonohe Town,Sannohe,Tago Town,Nanbu Town,Oirase Town,Hashikami,Shingo Village,Misawa,Shichinohe,Rokunohe,Tohoku Town,Noheji Town,Yokohama Town,Rokkasho Village
- ^ Morioka,Kitakami City,Miyako City,Ofunato City,Hanamaki,Kuji City,Tono City,Ichinoseki,Rikuzentakata City,Kamaishi,Ninohe City,Hachimantai City,Oshu City,Takizawa,Shizukuishi Town,Kuzumaki,Iwate,Shiwa Town,Yahaba Town,Nishiwaga Town,Kanegasaki Town,Hiraizumi Town,Sumita Town,Otsuchi Town,Yamada Town,Iwaizumi Town,Tanohata,Fudai Village,Karumai Town,Noda,Kuchinohe,Hirono Town,Ichinohe
- ^ Akita City,Yurihonjo City,Nikaho City,Oga City
- ^ Kashima City,Kamisu City,Itako City,Hokota City,Whereabouts
- ^ Mito,Hitachinaka City,Kasama City,Naka City,Omitama City,Ibaraki Town,Castle town,Oarai Town,Tokai village
- ^ Resigned in 2013 and rejoined in 2014.
- ^ Hiratsuka,Atsugi,Isehara,Odawara city,Chigasaki,Hadano,Hiratsuka,Fujisawa,Oiso Town,Samukawa Town,Ninomiya town,Kamakura city,Minamiashigara city,Oi town,Kaisei town,Nakai town,Hakone town,Matsuda town,Manazuru town,Yamakita town,Yugawara town
- ^ Nagano city,Suzaka,Nakano,Iiyama,Chikuma,Sakagi,Obuse,Takayama,Yamanouchi,Kijimadaira,Nozawa Onsen Village,Shinano,Iizuna,Ogawa,Sakaemura,Saku
- ^ Matsumoto,Azumino,Yamagata,Shiojiri,Omachi,Ikeda,Ikusaka,Minowa,Asahi
- ^ Niigata,Seiromachi,Nagaoka,Sanjo City,Kashiwazaki,Shibata City,Ojiya,Kamo City,Tokamachi,Mitsuke City,Murakami City,Tsubame City,Itoigawa,Myoko City,Gosen City,Joetsu City,Agano City,Sado City,Uonuma City,Minamiuonuma City,Wombai city,Yahiko Village,Tagami Town,Aga Town,Izumozaki Town,Yuzawa Town,Tsunan Town,Kariwa Village,Sekikawa,Awashimaura Village
- ^ Kanazawa,Nonoichi City,Kahoku City,Tsubata Town,Uchinada Town
- ^ Fujieda,Shimada,Yaizu City,Makinohara,Yoshida Town,Kawanehonmachi
- ^ Kyoto City,Uji city,Joyo,Kyotanabe City,Mukai,Nagaokakyo,Kizugawa,Kameoka,Nantan city,Kyotanba Town,Fukuchiyama City,Maizuru,Ayabe City,Yawata
- ^ Suita City,Ibaraki City,Takatsuki,Toyonaka City,Ikeda,Settsu,Minoh City
- ^ Tottori City,Kurayoshi,Yonago,Sakaiminato
- ^ Yamaguchi City,Shimonoseki,Sanyo Onoda,Ube City,Hofu City,Shunan City,Mine City,Hagi City,Kudamatsu City,Iwakuni,Light city,Nagato City,Yanai City,Suo Oshima Town,Waki Town,Ueseki Town,Tabuse Town,Hirao Town,Abu Town
- ^ Tokushima,Naruto,Mima,Matsushige Town,Itano Town,Aizumi Town,Kitajima Town,Yoshinogawa,Komatsushima
- ^ Iwaki,Hirono Town,Naraha Town,Tomioka Town,Kawauchi Village,Okuma Town,Futaba Town,Namie Town,Katsurao
- ^ Kuwana City,Toin Town,Inabe City,Kisosaki Town,Asahi Town,Kawagoe Town,Komono Town
- ^ a b c d From 1992 to 1995, the three prefectures in the Kyushu region were positioned as “special activity areas” with almost the same authority as home towns.
- ^ Oita in the 2012 season belonged to J2, and repayment of the loan was a condition for granting the J1 license (condition for entering the promotion playoffs)..
- ^ 9 clubs in Sendai, Yamagata, Omiya, FC Tokyo, Kawasaki, Kofu, Niigata, Tosu, Oita.
- ^ 9 clubs from JFL (Akita, Fukushima, Machida, Sagamihara, YS Yokohama, Nagano, Kanazawa, Fujieda, Ryukyu),Regional league(Tohoku League) To 1 club (Morioka).
- ^ According to the official record of the Emperor's Cup, the J.League club is the total from the previous club. In this case, the most acquired club is Yokohama FM 7 times (previousNissan Motor5 times in the age) and C Osaka was the predecessorYanmarHe has won the Emperor's Cup three times.
- ^ At this time, Yokohama M had Mitsuzawa, Yokohama F had an "expedition" to Kyushu, and there was a national event.
- ^ Golden week-ObonEven if it happens several times on weekdays, one is Tuesday and the other is Wednesday.
- ^ Children under 10 are not surveyed.
- ^ Until 2009, there was no classification for people over the age of 60, and they were calculated according to those over the age of 50.
- ^ The average number of visitors exceeds the capacity of the stadiumEcopaBecause there is a holding in
- ^ In the case of a club that contracted with Mizuno entirely, there were cases where it was exactly the same as the league game depending on the team and the year, and cases where the design was changed as when contracting with another company. In addition, league games and cup games (depending on the team, J League CupEmperor's cupThe uniform sponsor may differ for each tournament, etc.), and in games such as the Emperor's Cup and overseas clubs, the uniform number of 17 or more, which did not exist in the league game that was a variable number system at that time, , There was a uniform with player names.
- ^ J League Co., Ltd., not a supplier contract with a specific brandMitsubishi Corporation fashionANGUA is a uniform collaborative production project jointly worked on by a corporation.It will be the first club to use uniforms produced by the project..
- ^ J League Match Implementation Guidelines Article 4 Clause 2 states that "a home club can perform the following items before, during, and after a match" (there is a description of "music broadcasting" in Item 3), and it is not mandatory. It has not been done.
- ^ a b c The top sponsor category in league games, which is an official sponsor up to 2011 (since Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance will take over as the title partner (special sponsor) of the entire J League from 2015, the title partner is the highest and top sponsor category) Partner will be in the next class).
- ^ a b With regard to J3, it is a remnant that there was an official partner unique to J2014 in 3, and two ads for Japan Sports Promotion Center, SKY Perfect JSAT, Adidas Japan are stuck to the front row of the back stand.
- ^ Coca-Cola, Konami (Winning Eleven) and Tokyo Electron are three companies in the 2014 qualifying.
- ^ a b In the case of an athletic field, the back stand is located at the track part, and the back of the goal is located at the place where the field competition is held.
- ^ Athletics stadiums may be posted in a single row of back stands depending on the location.
- ^ In addition to being the top partner of the J.League overall in FY2014, it was a title partner of the J3 league (special sponsor), but in FY2015 it was promoted to a title partner for the entire J.League (J League Championshipincluding. The top partner contract will also serve concurrently until 2019).
- ^ Returned to the top partner (then official sponsor) from 1994 to 1995
- ^ Returning to top partner since 1999-2014
- ^ The company name until August 2016 is "Yamazaki Nabisco."
- ^ The company name until March 2021 is "Fuji Xerox".
- ^ a b c He also served as the official sponsor of the 2014 J3 League.
- ^ Official Sponsor
- ^ Also a crown sponsor of the 1997-2004 championship
- ^ During this period,Lawson TicketWas in charge of the J. League official ticket station.
- ^ Abolished in 2012.
- ^ Posting will continue until 2015.
- ^ Associates is a sponsoring category to support the J. League under 22 selected teams and the J3 league in which they participate.
- ^ "Glossary (Terminology)”. Japan Professional Soccer League. October 2020th, 1Browse.
- ^ a b Signed J League title partner contract with Meiji Yasuda Mutual Life Insurance Company(Japan Professional Soccer League December 2014, 12 December 16, read)
- ^ "J League name and logo mark". J League official website. October 2019th, 1Browse.
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- ^ Flag of Nishiki in the Japanese League-Moyoshiro Ushiki & Viva! Soccer Study Group official website,Overcome many difficulties Japan Soccer League opening｜Kagawa Soccer Library
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- ^ "Soccer criticism issue20-Japan Football Association advancing reforms”Futabasha, 2003, pp. 36-37.(Web Version Soccer Criticism (Vol.11)-Sports Navigation September 2003, 9) (Internet Archive)
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- ^ "Kunimoto Kamamoto Kicking Ball School (21))" Yanmar Dengeki Joined (2) Daily Sports, Nov. 2011, 11, page 9.
- ^ a b c Japan Soccer League 50 Years (11)-Viva of Ushiki Motoyoshiro! Sports commentary
- ^ a b c "For the anniversary of the founding ~ [Column] Kozo Tajima's "What football connects" vol.1 ~". Japan Football Association(July 2016, 9) October 2017th, 7Browse. Interview with Vice Chairman Kozo Tajima, Japan Football Association
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- ^ Witness of the times, pp. 52–54; Japan soccer fan club, pp. 128–132; Hiratsuka, pp. 34-40, 103-104.
- ^ a b c Masatsugu Toyoda (Deputy Director, Sports Business Bureau, Hakuhodo DY Media Partners) "Serialized" J15 Years of Shine "Create a Kickball Fever-J Passion of Men Who Run Through Genesis 3rd [Behind the Scenes of the Birth of the Professional League] J Was born ""Weekly soccer digest" Japan Sports Planning Publisher, October 2007, 2, pp. 20-100.
- ^ management, pp. 31–32; Japan soccer fan club, pp. 128–132.
- ^ Witness of the times, pp. 52–54; management, pp. 11–29; J League group image, pp. 9–37.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Dreaming makes me stronger-Supporting the internationalization of Japanese football for 40 years- Lecturer: Junji Ogura, Honorary Chairman of the Japan Football Association,Information paper "Arin" No.412 P3-Yurindo
- ^ "The founder of club football Yomiuri club-40 years of Verdi" Yomiuri soccer club-Tokyo Verdi 40th anniversary magazine publishing committee,Tokyo Verdy 1969 Football Club, 2010, 3 pages.
- ^ Shinichi Sano"The Giant Biography: Matsutaro Masariki and the First Century of the Shadow Warriors"文藝 春秋, 1994, pp. 491-494.ISBN 978-4-16-349460-9.
- ^ Sports Navi | Soccer | Men who called the Toyota Cup 2nd Nobuhisa Sakata(Internet Archive)
- ^ March Meeting Report-"Salon 3 in Okayama"-Salon 2002 Official Site(Internet Archive)
- ^ J League Creation Note, pp. 69–73; J League group image, pp. 9–37.
- ^ a b c d e f g J League history J League,J.League x JFA Looking back on soccer in Heisei history and future perspectives-History of Japanese soccer J. League x JFA
- ^ Japanese soccer history, Pp. 230-231, pp. 240; Japan soccer fan club, pp. 128–132; 75 years history, Pp. 51-54, 120-121, pp. 258-259.
- ^ Japanese soccer history, pp. 229–230; Hiratsuka, pp. 134–140; 75 years history, Pp. 126-127, pp. 258.
- ^ Mori Kouji's Memories-Ukiki Motoyoshiro's Viva! Sports commentary,Playing together at the Olympics Mr. Kamamoto "Too fast"-Sponichi,J SPORTS｜Column 【Takeo Goto Column】 Why is the new Japanese national coach not decided?,ARCHIVE:2010.8.9 Koji Mori Last Interview [Final Round],Urawa Town Meeting 3rd Special issue In memory of Takaji Mori. Know the origin of Urawa Reds (1),Traditional actors Takayoshi Mori | Waseda University
- ^ Hiratsuka, pp. 126–131; Grab the rainbow, pp. 84–89; 75 years history, pp. 258-260, pp. 268-273.
- ^ "Interview with Chiura Miura" "J League 10 Year History 1993-2002"Baseball magazine company, 2003, pp. 16-21.ISBN 4-583-03775-9.
- ^ Kiyozumi Ninomiya (October 2010, 12). “The 127th Japan National Team’s selection, <Part XNUMX>". SPORT COMMUNICATIONS. October 2017th, 7Browse.
- ^ J League group image, pp. 9–37.
- ^ "Football Summit" Parliament "Football Summit 1st" Kanzen, November 2010, 11, pp. 19-172.
- ^ J League Genesis, pp. 154-158, 170, 356; Grab the rainbow, pp. 19–23.
- ^ Hiratsuka, pp. 163–184; management, pp. 11–29; J League group image, pp. 9–37.
- ^ a b c d 75 years history, pp. 51–54.
- ^ "Postwar school reform and sports”. Sokichiro Ushiki's Viva! October 2013th, 5Browse."Interview with Shunichiro Okano" "Soccer Fan Book '92-'93"Japanese publisher, 1992, pp. 65-77.ISBN 4-89048-317-9."Kunimoto Kamamoto Kicking Ball School (36))" J League birth (2) Daily Sports, Nov. 2011, 11, page 30.
- ^ a b c d e f g h "Series 1 Vision and Problems of the Japan Professional Soccer League Interview with Mr. Saburo Kawabuchi, Chairman of the Japan Football Association Professional Preparation Review Committee"Weekly soccer magazine November 1990 issue'',Baseball magazine company.
- ^ Hiratsuka, P. 6, p. 172; 75 years history, Pp. 51-53, pp. 258-260; Witness of the times, pp. 52–54; Japan soccer fan club, pp. 128–132; J League Creation Note, pp. 69–73; Japanese soccer history, pp. 240–241; J League group image, pp. 9-37. ..
- ^ a b "Kinomoto Kozo's Proposal, First Heart, Section 2"Soccer criticism issue56''Futabasha, 2012, pp. 100-101.
- ^ Hiratsuka, p. 184; 75 years history, pp. 259–260; Japan soccer fan club, pp. 128–132; J League Genesis, pp. 154-158, 170, 356; J League group image, pp. 9–37.
- ^ Hiratsuka, p. 184.
- ^ Hiratsuka, pp. 190–197; Grab the rainbow, pp. 84–89.
- ^ Hiratsuka, pp. 190–197; management, pp. 31–32.
- ^ a b c d e f g 75 years history, pp. 258–260.
- ^ J League Creation Note, pp. 69–72.
- ^ Hiratsuka, pp. 141–150; Witness of the times, pp. 52–54.
- ^ a b Grab the rainbow, pp. 84–89.
- ^ "Weekly soccer magazine Separate Spring Issue "Marugoto J League Complete Edition-15 Years of Glory Memories" Baseball magazine company, 116.
- ^ Japanese soccer, pp. 220–222.
- ^ management, pp. 32–35; Grab the rainbow, pp. 84–89; J League group image, pp. 9–37.
- ^ management, pp. 32–35; Grab the rainbow, pp. 84–89; 75 years history, pp. 51–54.
- ^ Ticket Pia/JAPAN Soccer supporting company 23rd Sports 21 Enterprise Co., Ltd. Representative Director Yoko Mitsuya
- ^ History/History JFA｜Japan Football Association
- ^ Japanese soccer history, pp. 240–241.
- ^ Hiratsuka, pp. 196–197.
- ^ 75 years history, pp. 258–260; Professional system construction, pp. 27–32.
- ^ Professional system construction, pp. 27–32.
- ^ management, pp. 55–58.
- ^ Hiromichi Karaga"What is J Pop?"Iwanami Shoten, 2005, 23 pages.ISBN 978-4-00-430945-1.
- ^ management, pp. 35–37; J. League economics, pp. 19–21.
- ^ Hamaguchi, pp. 57–80.
- ^ J. League economics, pp. 19–211; Hamaguchi, pp. 57–80.
- ^ management, pp. 35–37; Grab the rainbow, pp. 35–38.
- ^ Ken Naganuma passes away (Sports Research Institute Ichiro Hirose Blog) (Internet Archive)
- ^ Hiratsuka, pp. 167–169.
- ^ Hiratsuka, pp. 167–169; Tasaki, pp. 143–148; Hamaguchi, pp. 109–118; Kano, pp. 58–63.
- ^ a b Witness of the times, pp. 52–54.
- ^ Hiratsuka, pp. 167–169; 75 years history, Pp. 18-19, pp. 51-54; Hamaguchi, pp. 109–118.
- ^ a b Sergio Echigo slashes Japanese football! | Sports | Toyo Keizai Online
- ^ 75 years history, pp. 51–54; Kano, pp. 58–63.
- ^ Witness of the times, pp. 52–54; 75 years history, pp. 51–54.
- ^ 75 years history, p. 261-262; J. League economics, pp. 36–39; Hamaguchi, pp. 118–120.
- ^ Katsuya Hosoe (January 2019, 1). “Series: Everything started with the Asian Cup... The secret word is "We change history" Tetsuji Shitani's memory of Asian conquest 1992". Sports navigation.As of August 2019, 1オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.October 2019th, 5Browse.Koshiro Yamashita (April 2019, 4). "[Soccer column] The turbulent Heisei revealed by Kazu". SANSPO.COM (Sokoku Shimbun). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2019, 4. October 2021th, 2Browse. Atsushi Iio (October 2013, 10). “Masahiro Fukuda "Twenty years ago Doha is not a "tragedy""". Web Sportiva. Shueisha. October 2017th, 7Browse.Ueda Asahi (October 2018, 5). “Soccer National Team Fierce Fighting Diary Soccer National Team for Asahi Ueda". Number Web. Bungeishunjusha.As of August 2018, 11オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.October 2018th, 11Browse.Toru Rokukawa (April 2019, 4). “Heisei history of "soccer magazine" "Soccer digest" former editor-in-chief reveals "story of rise and fall"". Daily Shincho. Shinchosha Co., Ltd..As of August 2019, 5オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.October 2021th, 2Browse.
- ^ a b "Temporarily "5 years of life" was declared, Kozo Kinomoto, who dedicated both legs to the Japanese soccer world, died". SANSPO.COM (Sokoku Shimbun). (January 2017, 1). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 7. October 2017th, 7Browse.
- ^ Secrets and preparedness as a "leader"-Mr. Saburo Kawabuchi | GLOBIS
- ^ "“Point of contact” between Kawasaki F. Kengo Nakamura, YBC President Shigeaki Iijima and the Levan Cup [Interview] Shigeaki Iijima (Yamazaki Biscuit President) x Kengo Nakamura (Kawasaki Frontale)". Diamond Online. Diamond Company (February 2017, 11). As of February 3, 2017オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.October 2019th, 1Browse.
- ^ Hiratsuka, pp. 61-63, 108-113, 124-131; Grab the rainbow, pp. 60-65, 75-77; J League group image, pp. 9–37.
- ^ a b c "Serial series Kinomoto Kozo will to J League (20 times in total)"Daily Gendai] Nikkan Gendai Co., Ltd., November 2006-December 11, 21.
- ^ "Kimoto Kozo serial testament to J-League (6)," Nikkan Gendai, Nikkan Gendai, November 2006, 11, p. 29.
- ^ Hiratsuka, pp. 190–191; Grab the rainbow, pp. 19–23.
- ^ "Kimoto Kozo serial testament to J-League (5)," Nikkan Gendai, Nikkan Gendai, November 2006, 11, p. 28."Kimoto Kozo serial testament to J-League (6)," Nikkan Gendai, Nikkan Gendai, November 2006, 11, p. 29.
- ^ Japan soccer fan club, pp. 128–132.
- ^ J. League economics, pp. 16–19.
- ^ "Kimoto Kozo serial testament to J-League (5)," Nikkan Gendai, Nikkan Gendai, November 2006, 11, p. 28.
- ^ "Kimoto Kozo serial testament to J-League (13)," Nikkan Gendai, Nikkan Gendai, November 2006, 12, p. 8.
- ^ "Series Kenji Mori Breaking Silence Now (11)" "Daily Gendai" Nikkan Gendai Co., Ltd., April 2007, 4, page 24.
- ^ "Series Kenji Mori breaks silence (15 times in total)" Nikkan Gendai Co., Ltd. Nikkan Gendai, April 2007-April 4, 10."Serial series Kinomoto Kozo will to J League (20 times in total)"Daily Gendai] Nikkan Gendai Co., Ltd., November 2006-December 11, 21.“Kinomoto Kozo Monthly Soccer Communication (6)” “Daily Gendai” Nikkan Gendai Co., Ltd., July 2007, 7, page 2.
- ^ "Transition to "public interest incorporated foundation"" (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League
- ^ "Conclusion of partnership agreement with Cambodia League”. Japan Professional Soccer League. October 2013th, 6Browse.
- ^ "Conclusion of partnership agreement with Singapore League”. Japan Professional Soccer League. October 2013th, 6Browse.
- ^ “2014 J League Club Organization” (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2013, 12) October 2013th, 12Browse.
- ^ "Conclusion of partnership agreement with Indonesia Super League”. Japan Professional Soccer League. October 2014th, 1Browse.
- ^ "Conclusion of Partnership Agreement with Iran Professional Football League”. Japan Professional Soccer League. October 2015th, 1Browse.
- ^ "Conclusion of partnership agreement with Malaysia Super League”. Japan Professional Soccer League. October 2015th, 2Browse.
- ^ "Conclusion of partnership agreement with Qatar Stars League”. Japan Professional Soccer League. October 2015th, 6Browse.
- ^ “J League joins JTL, 9 groups in 13 competitions” (Press Release), Japan Top League Alliance, (March 2016, 3) October 2016th, 3Browse.
- ^ "About the conclusion of strategic cooperation agreement with Australia A league" (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2016, 5) October 2016th, 5Browse.
- ^ “On the conclusion of a strategic cooperation agreement with Spain's La Liga” (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2017, 6) October 2017th, 6Browse.
- ^ “About refusal to participate in FC Tokyo U-23 J3 League” (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2020, 6) October 2020th, 6Browse.
- ^ "2020 J League Club Organization" (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2019, 12) October 2019th, 1Browse.
- ^ "2020 Meiji Yasuda Mutual Life Insurance Co. J League home opening card decision!" (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2020, 1) October 2020th, 1Browse.
- ^ "2020 J League schedule announced! [J League]". J.LEAGUE.jp (September 2020, 6). October 2020th, 12Browse.
- ^ “About the J.League XNUMX Years Concept Club Examination Results” (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2019, 2) October 2020th, 11Browse.
- ^ “About J League Admission Examination (J3) Results” (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2019, 11) October 2020th, 11Browse.
- ^ “About the issuance of the 2013 season J League club license by the First Examination Body (FIB)” (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2012, 9) October 2020th, 11Browse.
- ^ J1 successive winning club Gexaka
- ^ Successive championship-Nabisco Cup Nikkan Sports
- ^ Emperor's Cup successive winning team Sponichi
- ^ "Tournament history". FUJI XEROX SUPER CUP 2017.Japan Professional Soccer League. October 2017th, 5Browse.
- ^ "Schedule/result". J. League Data Site. October 2017th, 5Browse.Search each tournament from
- ^ "Tournament history”. Japan Professional Soccer League. October 2017th, 5Browse.
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- ^ As reference,“2015 J League Schedule Announcement” (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2014, 12) October 2016th, 1Browse.
- ^ Hideo Tamaru (July 2016, 7). "J-League and "DAZN" contract to "soccer goes to the service from the tea room to the town"". Soccer king October 2019th, 1Browse.
- ^ "Number of visitors by year”. Japan Professional Soccer League. October 2020th, 4Browse.
- ^ "Spectator survey”. Japan Professional Soccer League. October 2013th, 5Browse.
- ^ Yoshiyuki Osumi. “The number of J1 visitors is sixth in the world”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun. October 2013th, 5Browse.
- ^ "Total data-Number of visitors by club”. Japan Professional Soccer League. October 2020th, 4Browse.
- ^ "(PDF)”. Japan Professional Soccer League. October 2020th, 4Browse.
- ^ "Club management status, FY2018 (30) J club individual information disclosure materials”. Japan Professional Soccer League. October 2020th, 4Browse.
- ^ Atsushi Nakayama "J Club Successive Uniform Complete Catalog West Japan Edition" Ei Publishing Co., Ltd., p. 170.
- ^ "Call for sponsors! Advertising ban on the lower back of J League Uni". Nikkan Sports(July 2015, 12) October 2015th, 12Browse.
- ^ "About the introduction of J.League official names and numbers-The typefaces of player numbers and player names of all clubs will be unified from the 2021 season-" (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2020, 9) October 2020th, 10Browse.
- ^ “About the 2021 season top team uniforms” (Press Release), Kagoshima United FC, (January 2021, 1) October 2021th, 1Browse.
- ^ "No.180 J League also has a fixed number system". Let's talk about soccer Yoshiyuki OhsumiOfficial archive site (September 1997, 2). October 2012th, 5Browse.
- ^ J-League uniform number can be changed Sponichi May 2018, 5
- ^ "Weekly Soccer Magazine May 2003, 5" Baseball Magazine.
- ^ "Use "TANGO 2012" as the 12 J League official game ball" (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (February 2011, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2011, 12. October 2011th, 12Browse.
- ^ During the month of May, "Tango 5 Kotohogi" was used to commemorate the 1th anniversary of the establishment of the J League.
- ^ "Use "brazuca" as the 2014 J League official game ball" (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2013, 12) October 2013th, 12Browse.
- ^ “Use “Connect 2015” as the official game ball for the 15 J League” (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2014, 12) October 2014th, 12Browse.
- ^ “Use “ERREJOTA” as the 2016 J League official game ball Use the 2016 J League Yamazaki Nabisco Cup special design game ball” (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2015, 12) October 2016th, 1Browse.
- ^ "Use "KRASAVA" as the 2017 J League official game ball" (Press Release), Japan Professional Football League, (December 2016, 12) October 2016th, 12Browse.
- ^ Use "Connect 2019 (CONEXT19)" as the 19 J League official game ball Use the 2019 J League YBC Levan Cup special design game ball Japan Professional Soccer League December 2018, 12
- ^ "Use "TSUBASA" as the 2020 Meiji Yasuda Mutual Life Insurance Co. J-League official game ball Use the 2020 J-League YBC Levan Cup special design game ball" (Press Release), Japan Professional Football League, (December 2019, 12) October 2019th, 12Browse.
- ^ "21 Meiji Yasuda Life uses" CONEXT21 "as the official J-League match ball XNUMX J-League YBC Levan Cup uses a specially designed match ball [J-League]" (Press Release), Japan Professional Football League, (December 2020, 12) October 2021th, 2Browse.
- ^ “Judge decision for 2019 Jugu” (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2019, 1) October 2019th, 10Browse.
- ^ "About the video assistant referee introduction game of the 2020 season" (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2019, 9) October 2019th, 10Browse.
- ^ (PDF) -Viewed December 2018, 12, Japan Professional Soccer League.
- ^ (PDF) -Japan Professional Soccer League
- ^ a b c “J League, DAZN, NTT Group “Smart Stadium Business” Collaborative Agreement-New sensation and experience in the Japanese sports world through the use of ICT in stadiums and hometowns” (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2016, 7)
- ^ “J League official broadcasting partner decision” (Press Release), Japan Professional Football League, (December 2017, 1) October 2017th, 1Browse.
- ^ a b “2017 J.League Top Partner & Official Technology Partner Contract Decision” (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2017, 6)
- ^ "J League official EC platform partner decision" (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2017, 4)
- ^ “2015 J League Supporting Company Contract Decision” (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2015, 11)
- ^ “2017 J League Supporting Company Contract Decision” (Press Release), Japan Professional Football League, (December 2017, 5) October 2017th, 6Browse.
- ^ "Basic agreement with Dentsu Inc. on "J League Marketing Partner" contract" (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2013, 12)
- ^ "[2005-2007 J League Official Sponsor]" (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2004, 12)
- ^ “GE Consumer Finance Co., Ltd. is officially sponsored by J League” (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League
- ^ "Mastercard" contract canceled J League sponsor, soccer in the middle of this season Asahi Shimbun Digital, August 2020, 8
- ^ “2020 J League Official VAR/Fair Play Partner Agreement Decision [J League]” (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2020, 1)
- ^ a b “J-League-2015 J-League Associate Contract Decided” (Press Release), Japan Professional Soccer League, (January 2015, 1) October 2015th, 1Browse.
- ^ a b c "New star concept in Tokyo's 23 wards! J League launches "Replanning Promotion Team" to discuss 10 themes". Gexaka (September 2021, 4). October 2021th, 4Browse.
- ^ "[Original] Increased the number of J-League clubs to XNUMX ... Expanded to maintain competition level Route review”. Yomiuri Shimbun (March 2021, 8). October 2021th, 8Browse.
- ^ "J-League, premierization top league new establishment, consideration of abolition of foreigner quota, etc." Promotion team "raised". Sports report(July 2021, 3) October 2021th, 4Browse.
- J-League Legal Committee Masatoshi Ikeda + Nobuyuki Kotake "J-League, Path to Building Professional System"Jiyuminsha, 1993.ISBN 4-426-46000-X.
- Yukio Ikata"J League Economics"Asahi Shimbun, 1994.ISBN 4-02-256698-1.
- Yoshiyuki OhsumiAstro Education System, Astro Publishing, 1995.ISBN 4-7555-0857-6.
- Japan Football Association 75th Year History Editorial Board “Japan Football Association 75th Year History”Baseball magazine company, 1996.ISBN 4-583-03337-0.
- Yoshiyuki Ohsumi-Takeo Goto"Is Japanese Soccer Really Stronger?"Central public opinion new company, 2000.ISBN 978-4-12-003044-4.
- Tadao Kano "Kickoff to the New Era"Kadokawa Shoten, 2001.ISBN 4-04-883696-X.
- Hiratsuka Akito "Challenge from an empty stadium"Shogakukan, 2002.ISBN 4-09-366481-1.
- Takeo Goto"History of Japan Soccer-Representative Edition, 85 Years of Japan National Team"Futabasha, 2002.ISBN 4-575-29489-6.
- Hirose Ichiro"Management of "J League""Toyo Keizai Inc., 2004.ISBN 4-492-50128-2.
- Yomiuri Shimbun Commentary "Witnesses of the Era 13 "Soccer" Ken Naganuma"Yomiuri Shimbun, 2006.ISBN 4-643-06006-9.
- Kawabuchi Saburo"Kabuchi Saburo grabs the rainbow"Kodansha, 2006.ISBN 4-06-212676-1.
- "Japanese soccer fan club"Kokusho Publishing, 2007.ISBN 978-4-336-04848-6.
- Hiroyuki Hamaguchi "Is Japan a Soccer Country? Dentsu fighting. ]Asahi Shimbun Publishing, 2010.ISBN 978-4-02-100903-7.
- Kinomoto Kozo"Two Legs Dedicated to Japanese Soccer: The True J League Genesis"Crocodile books, 2013.ISBN 4-8470-9165-5.
- Kimura Motohiko"[The truth of the 21st year] J League creation notes Kenji Mori and Kozo Kinomoto's recollections"Football criticism』No. 62, May 2013.
- Official website
- Japan Professional Soccer Players Association
- J League players OB official site
- J-League Official Blog - Wayback machine(For archived March 2013, 5)