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🚴 | Bicycle tourism promotion model route test run


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Sightseeing promotion model route trial run by bicycle

 
If you write the contents roughly
At a cafe in the middle of the hill, we checked whether tourists coming by bicycle could easily stop by, and interviewed the store representative to see if the number of cyclists was increasing.
 

In Tochigi Prefecture, we are working to create a model route to boost tourism using bicycles. XNUMXth in Mashiko Town ... → Continue reading

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Tochigi TV is a Tochigi TV station that celebrated its 2019th anniversary in April 4. We will deliver the latest news in Tochigi Prefecture.


Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Tourism

Tourism(sightseeing,British: sightseeing or leisure travel,Buddha: tourism) Is originally "everydayLifeCan't seeEveryday Life-Customs-CustomLook aroundTravelMeaned, but as the trip became safer and more comfortable, "For funIt has come to be widely used as a term that refers to "travel" in general.[1].

EnglishThen see seeing (en: sightseeing) And tourism (en: tourism) Are clearly distinguished.English is, in principlesubjectBecause it is a language that clarifies who is the subject of the act and who is doing the act, the subject is also clarified.Sightseeing is the act of visiting an interesting place in a specific place.On the other hand, tourism is "to visit places of interest".Commercial organization and operations'[2]..In other words, tourism is nothing more than a tourism industry or a tourism company, and merely refers to the organization and management of the company.It is another concept.

Sightseeing in Japanese is more about sightseeing.

In this article, I will explain the basics from the perspective of the tourist side, that is, the traveler side, as defined in Japanese.However, some mention the tourism industry.About tourismtourismSince another article has been launched, write it there..Don't write too much in this article.

In French, sightseeing is a trism (Buddha: tourism).The definition is "traveling or visiting places for fun"[3]And it really points to tourism.The language of English often borrows French words when it wants to describe something as "fashionable", so English-speaking people have been doing various activities in the last few decades, how to do French tourism. It is possible that he began to call it "tourism (e)" in the French way (although the original English tourism only means tourism) after seeing how to fully enjoy the trip. (It should be noted that the FrenchVacationThe behavior and term "Vacation" has become a longing target all over the world, and the expression "Vacation" has spread all over the world.) Expressing a fun trip full of French-style activities in the English-speaking world in English itself instead of the French loanword In some cases, one word is not enough, so scholars who can use proper English can't help but express it in two words as "leisure travel leisure travel". While overusing the loanwords from French, it is possible that the awareness that they are using the loanwords, especially among ignorant young people, has diminished.However, authors and scholars of orthodox English dictionaries such as Oxford should study and know the history and original meaning of English and understand that this definition is correct.

The word "tourism" is not common in China, and "travel" and "tourism" are used.National Tourism Board of the People's Republic of ChinaIs written in Chinese as “National Travel Agency of the People's Republic of China”[4].

History

The oldest form of tourism for humanitySacred placeTopilgrimageBelieved to have been a trip[5].

For example, in Spain from all over the worldSantiago de CompostelaHas a history of accepting pilgrims for over 1000 years[5].


History of tourism in Japan

An overview of the history of the term tourism

The word "tourism" comes from ancient ChinaI Ching』"Kunkoku no Hikari, guest of the king (to watch the light of the country, to be a guest of the king)". As an early example of "tourism" in Japan that omits this phrase,BakumatsuThe warship sent to the Edo Shogunate from the NetherlandsSightseeing circle],Meiji ErafirstUS and European missionsLedIwakuraBut the report is "US-Europe circulation memoir] At the beginning, "view" "light" and[6]did. The latter seems to have meant "observing foreign countries well and making use of them in Japan," but Iwakura himselfTokyo ShrineDiminished in京都In order to revitalize the economy, foreigners are planning to visit Kyoto for the government.

According to the search results by the Asahi Shimbun database "Konzo", the word "tourism" is initially used only for proper nouns (tourist circle, tourist company, tourist temple, etc.). The first case to be used as a common noun is "horse riding sightseeing", which was used by Japanese soldiers to visit overseas military facilities on October 1893, 10. After that, it expanded from Japanese military personnel to foreign military personnel, to overseas inspections of non-military personnel, etc., and eventually it was used for inspections of ordinary people inside and outside the country, but both were international. There was no change in that it was related to.

During the Meiji era, many concepts were imported from the West, coined in Chinese, and converged. Although society, religion, company, information, etc. are recognized as examples, tourism as a lexical word, unlike these newly coined ones, is already present. As mentioned above, it is also used as part of proper nouns and has appeared in the Asahi database. On the other hand, it is unclear in the present materials that tourism had to be coined as a term in Japanese society. Regarding tourists, tourists and foreign words were displayed in katakana.

In the article search by the Asahi Shimbun database "Kikuzo", tourists have been used as related to foreigners since 1913, but it is proved that the original tourists themselves were limited to those related to foreigners in the original language country at that time. Is a future research subject.According to the Asahi Shimbun database "Kikuzo", the term tourism is not searched before the war, and it hardly appears in the search results until the end of the Showa period.It should be noted that tourism began to be used without distinguishing between domestic tourism and international tourism when the occupation policy of the Allied Powers ended after the war, that is, when Japanese domestic tourism became active.

Although it is not very helpful information, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism's "" divides "accommodation trips" into "sightseeing," "cum-sightseeing," "housework, homecoming," "business," and "others."thisInterpretationAccording to the report, “tourism” refers to travel excluding housework, homecoming, work, and so on.

Ancient times

Since ancient times in JapanShrines and TemplesA pilgrimage to was taking place. Social stabilityEdo PeriodSince the middle period,Ise ShrineWhile visiting, etc., the general public enjoyed a tour to visit famous places and enjoy food and drink. These were called "journeys", "journeys", and "mountains". Introducing temples and shrinesFamous placeOr,Tokaido Naka Knee Chestnut HairTravel literature such as was published.

Meiji Era

Modernization took place in the Meiji eraTrainWas laid, but this made Japanese domestic travel even more popular, and in the latter half of the Meiji era, "sightseeing" came to be used in the sense of sightseeing trips.[7].

The Japanese government1930 ),Hamaguchi CabinetAt the time ofMinistry of RailwaysAs an external stationInternational Tourism BureauFounded[8].. ExImperial HotelDeputy managerAtami HotelOf the ownerShore guard(Shizuoka prefecture after the warAtamiHe served as the head and published "Tourism Nation"), and the name wasTsubasa EgiMinister of RailwaysIt is said that it was based on the opinion of. Eki, who was a well-known person, quoted "Yikyo"[9].. Some say that it was used as "very rare" at this time, but in 1912Japan Tourist Bureau(Later Japan Transportation Corporation) has been established. The publication TOURIST (1918 OctoberNo.)Ainu cultureI am trying to spread the concept of national light = culture.

Generally speaking, tourism isMeijiFrom the times単 語However, it is used only in a very limited way, and rather attracts foreign tourists today,InboundThe implications of attracting are included. It was the historical background that was used as a translation of tourism.

Since the early Showa period, the word "sightseeing" has been used in some parts of domestic travel.For example, in the "Tourism Festival Memorial Tourism Business Shiori" published by the International Tourism Bureau in 1936, "Each year and village in Japan should make the land beautiful and splendid to attract tourists. Since it is a domestic issue, it can be called a domestic tourism business. "However, terms such as "Yuyama," "sightseeing," "manyu," and "going out" are used for domestic tourism, and in today's sense, that is, "sightseeing," including the meaning of domestic travel, has taken root in the 1960s. Some point out that it is after the XNUMXs[10].

In recent years, the interpretation of the "Ikkei" of seeing the light of the country again is often cited. Strictly interpreting the original meaning would be literally "observation" or "observation,"LightOne reason is that the metaphorical expression "" allows a wide variety of interpretations of the object.

In the beginning, when tourism was popular with the general public, it was worth the effort to go sightseeing, and there was no emphasis on the place or what to do. However, gradually going to sightseeing became a matter of course, and the status became where to go.(I.e.It was during this period that pamphlets and the like with the heading "A." However, that era did not last long, and the number of people who visited many tourist spots increased, making it proud of where they went.TimeSaid the end.

From this time, tourism is no longer a status, and tourism as a pure pleasure will spread. Specifically, it was an era when the purpose was to draw tourism rather than the location. Because I want to do ○○, I'm trying to go to a place where I can do that. It was from this period that experience-based tourism became popular. It is said that it is in this era now, but there is also the idea that it is one step further. The idea is that the customer does not come just for the purpose, specifically, to feel happy, to be healed, to have a relaxing time, such feelings have become the era of tourism. The fact is that such words are beginning to appear in pamphlets and the like.


Tourists and their business (tourism)

Among tourists, the word tourism is a term that refers to their business, their organization, or their organization.They are pointing to themselves.In the past, it would have been better to offer bus tours like sightseeing tours, but in recent years people are not satisfied with such services, so the tourism industry in recent years has also begun to offer experiential tourism.

Light and shadow of tourist action

The commercial selection of a particular place by tourists, the large-scale business development and the large number of people brought to that place have a great impact on that place.Such a phenomenon is called "sightseeing destination".


Tourism policy

Europe

EuropeanTourism policyThen with tourismworld HeritageSpecial attention is paid to the preservation and utilization of historical buildings such as[5].

Western countries such as Italy, France, the United Kingdom, and the United States are implementing advanced initiatives such as restoration and revitalization of historical buildings and activation of old urban areas.[5].

In Spain, tourism policies have been positively linked to the preservation and utilization of historic buildings for tourism.[5].. Specifically, a historical buildingParadorIs used as In Spain, new paradors were built one after another to accommodate the increasing number of tourists in the 1960s due to the tourism boom.[11].. However, it was pointed out that the increase in newly built paradors led to the incorporation of contradictory elements into existing historic buildings, and many paradors constructed in the 1960s were later abolished.[11].. After that, when installing a parador, a mechanism was introduced that utilizes the oldest building possible, considers the artistic value and historical value, and judges whether the building can be used as an accommodation facility. Are[11].

Japan

Basic Tourism ActAt the time of enacting the law, the House of Representatives Legal Affairs Bureau, which worked on the drafting of the bill, abandoned the attempt to define the legal definition of tourism, but said it was difficult, and said the concept of tourism had the same meaning as that used in the world. It has been reported (“Ministry of Transport's Tourism Bureau's Explanation of Basic Tourism Law”, Gakuyo Shobo 1963, p.208)

"Tourism" was used in the decree requiring clarification of the concept in 1930 Edict No. 83.International Tourism BureauThis is the first governmental system. As the Asahi Shimbun database speculates, despite the fact that the world was limited to tourism related to international relations, it was described as "international tourism." Year and "Retrospection of 1931 Years of Tourism" Ministry of Railways International Tourism Bureau It was stated in 10 that there was a strong feeling of the then Minister of Railways Tsubasa Eki. From the vocabulary of those days, it seems that there was an impression that international was added to the world of tourism and was described as international tourism. However, it is also considered that at this time there was room for the terminology of domestic tourism due to the internationalization of tourism.

The English name of the International Tourism Bureau is Board of Tourist Industry, and it is not labeled as international.

Government tourism policyCouncil"About the basic direction of future tourism policy" (Report No. 39,1995 May 6)” defines tourism as “Leisure timeIn time,Everyday lifeIt is a variety of activities that are conducted away from the area, with the purpose of interacting, learning, and playing." It is defined from the three aspects of "time", "place/space", and "purpose".

further,"21st centuryAbout tourism promotion measures at the beginning" (Report No. 45,2000 May 12), "the definition of so-called "tourism" should be understood more broadly, not just as part of leisure activities."

2008 May 10,Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism OfOuter officeAsTourism AuthorityWas established, the registration of the first type travel agency has changed from the previous registration of the Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism to the registration of the Commissioner of Japan Tourism Agency.


Related books

  • Koji Oguchi Edited by Isamu Maeda, Tsuji Sasaki “Social Psychology of Tourism: From the Three Perspectives of People, Things and Things” Chiba University Faculty of Letters Humanities Series Kitaoji Shobo ISBN 4762824968
  • Charles R. Goeldner, JRBrent Ritchie "TOURISM" --The bible of Western tourism.From psychology to marketing, P624's book.Researchers and graduate students are a must read. John Wily & Sons, Inc. ISBN 9780470084595

footnote

  1. ^ "Encyclopedia Nipponica" [Sightseeing]
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Action de voyager, de visiter un site pour son plaisir.
  4. ^ National Travel Agency of the People's Republic of China
  5. ^ a b c d e "Modern Spanish Information Handbook Revised Edition" Sanshusha, 2007, 40 pages
  6. ^ Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Circular of the US-Europe Circular.National Diet LibraryDigital collection (viewed January 2018, 1)
  7. ^ [Meiji Akasaki 150 years of Meiji Restoration] (1) Travel/Temporary shrine visits to cultural tourism Gumi Iwakura, Kyoto revitalization “Yomiuri Shimbun” morning edition January 2018, 1
  8. ^ Fumihiko Sunamoto (2008). “International Resorts of Modern Japan, Focusing on International Tourist Hotels in the XNUMXs”. Aoyusha 
  9. ^ "Hotel and Modern Japan" (Gakugei Publishing)
  10. ^ Mizoo 2003 p8
  11. ^ a b c "Modern Spanish Information Handbook Revised Edition" Sanshusha, 2007, 41 pages

References

  • Yoshitaka Mizoo"Tourism basics and practice" (Kokin Shoin, 2003). There is also a detailed explanation of interpretations in other countries and differences between "sightseeing" and "recreation" and "leisure."
  • Shuichi Teramae"Regional Policy Studies" (Takasaki University of Economics, Regional Policy Association) Vol. 11, No. 2008, September 9 This is a new way of thinking about tourism, focusing on the similarities between media and information.

Related item

  • Thomas Cook -19th century British businessman, also known as the father of tourism and the creator of package tours
  • --PC or TV screen,VRIt is a favorite to acquire live camera images from all over the world online. Under the influence of the new coronavirus in 2019, it is being developed on various online sites including aerial images of drones under the restriction of going out.Also called remote travel.

Research

Industry/regional promotion, international cooperation

culture

Harm, problem

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