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🎾 | Former world No. 8 Isner "Tennis is secondary to me"


Isner at the photo "ATP250 Delray Beach"

Former world 8th place Isner "Tennis is secondary to me"

 
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However, although the United States boasts the most victory record (32 times) in the "Davis Cup", it lost to Italy and Colombia and became the bottom of the group, and missed the quarterfinals.
 

Former world ranking 8th John Isner (USA) talks about his current career.US tennis media ... → Continue reading

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Davis Cup

Davis Cup (British: Davis Cup, English pronunciation: / ˈDeɪvɪs kʌp /[1]) Is1900 Since every yearTennisCounterattack by country. Abbreviation isCup.. In the original sound, it sounds similar to "Davis Cup".

The name isChampionship cupDonated to the competitionDwight DavisNamed after[1].. Long time agoNECWas co-sponsored, but until the 2019 qualifying tournamentBNP ParibasIt was held under the name of "Davis Cup by BNP Paribas". From the 2019 finalsRakutenHas become the title sponsor and is being held under the name of "Davis Cup by Rakuten".

For the equivalent women's tennis competition by country,Billie Jean King CupAnother name is attached.

Tournament flow

Four representative players are selected for each country, and the match is played over three days. Each match will be played in 4 set matches. The first day will be two singles games, the second day will be doubles, and the third day will be two singles games, the country that won the first three games will win. However, if one country wins 3 wins and the victory is confirmed without waiting for the final 5th match (singles), the remaining "digest match" will be shortened to 1 set matches.

The host country can also determine the surface. As for the host country, if there is no match in the past or if the match is too old, a lottery will be held, otherwise the two countries will alternately hold. Therefore, the host country often prepares a court surface that is advantageous to the host country. For example, Spain often has clay coaters, with Nadal having a clay winning rate of over 9%, and in the United States, clay is often selected, while the United States, which has many traditional players who are good at fast courts, often selects hard courts. On the other hand, in order to seal them, there are cases where the opponent chooses a coat that the opponent is not good at. When dealing with a country with a lot of big servers (Croatia, etc.), that is to select a clay coat that reduces the power of serve.

Participating countries are divided into various "groups". The 16 “World Group” countries at the top will play tournaments from the first round. The countries that are defeated in the first round of the World Group and the winning countries of the "zones" (eg, Europe zone, Toyo zone, etc.) around the world will play the "playoff" with the participation rights of the world group in the next year. As a general rule, the dates of the first round, the second round, and the semi-finals at each World Group venue will be adjusted at the same time. The finals are usually held in early December, where the Davis Cup winners of that year are determined.

However, due to the increased number of top players not participating due to overcrowding schedule, this tournament method has not been held since the 2018 tournament.

Composition (from 2019 tournament)

There has been a big change in the World Group competition system, and it will be held in one place for one week as the "Davis Cup Finals". In 1, 1 countries (the top 2019 countries by country and the 18 countries that have won the preliminary round) will be divided into 6 groups with 12 countries eachRound robinCompeting in a system, 1 countries in each group, and 6 countries in the second group with the highest performance will advance to the quarter-finals, after which it will be a tournament system. There will be a total of 2 matches, including 2 singles and 2 doubles, and each match will be played in 1 set matches.

Levelグループ
1Davis Cup Finals

18 countries

2Group I
America Zone

6 countries

Group I
Europe/Africa zone

12 countries

Group I
Asia/Oceania Zone

6 countries

3Group II
America Zone

6 countries

Group II
Europe/Africa zone

12 countries

Group II
Asia/Oceania Zone

6 countries

4Group III
America Zone

There is fluctuation

Group III
Europe zone

There is fluctuation

Group III
African zone

There is fluctuation

Group III
Asia/Oceania Zone

There is fluctuation

5Group IV
Asia/Oceania Zone

There is fluctuation

ATP points

Davis Cup
CategoriesMatch winMatch defeatTeam bonusperformance
ボ ー ナ ス
Total
Singlesplay offZones115
1st round4010280
quaterfinals65130
Semifinals70140
final757531254Zones3 / 2754
Total500500 535 to362546254
Doublesplay off1010
1st round5010250
quaterfinals8080
Semifinals9090
final95355Zones5
Total31535053505

2009 ~ 2015[2]

note

Dead rubber after the team victory is confirmed will not be added to the points. Players who miss a match in the 1st round or above will receive points from the previous round. .[2]

  • 1 5 points on the first day of the singles and 10 points on the last day.[2]
  • 2 Only in the 1st round, the player who participated in live rubber and lost was 10 points.[2]
  • 3 Team bonuses are given to singles players who have won seven live matches a year.[2]
  • 4 The performance bonus is given to singles players who have won 8 live matches a year. In this case, the team bonus will be lost.[2]
  • 5 Team bonuses are awarded to doubles teams of the same pair who have won four times a year.[2]

Tournament history

In 1900, the first competition was held as the International Lawn Tennis Challenge.Harvard UniversityIt was devised by a tennis team. First timeDuffel BagThe United States and Britain faced each other, and the United States became the first champion. Since 1904, the so-called competition between the winning nation of the previous year and the winning nation of the qualifying tournamentAmerica's CupIt became the same method as.

Since 1923, it has been divided into the America zone and Europe zone, and each winner hasInter-Zonal Zone ("INZ"), and the winner will play against the defending champion. From 1955, the Eastern Zone was added. In 1966, the European zone was divided into European zone A and European zone B.

From 1972Winning tournament methodThen the winner of the previous year will also participate in all rounds.

From 1981, the current scheme was created and divided into a world group of 16 top countries and other regional groups. From 1989Tie breakThe system was introduced.

From 2019, the competition system of the De Cup has changed and Cosmos'sGerard PiqueとHiroshi MikitaniHe will support for 25 years[3][4][5].. It will be changed from the method that decides the world's strongest country by a tournament method over a year to the method that decides the victory in one week in November.

2020 competition TheGlobal pandemic of new coronavirus infectionsAs a result, it was decided that it would take two years, 2020 and 2021.

Davis Cup representative from Japan

Davis Cup representative from JapanWill be the first appearance1921 Advance to the final in the International Lawn Tennis Challenge.In the final, he was runner-up with 0-5 against the United States.Since the world group system by 16 countries of the previous system, Japan has advanced to the world group in 1981, 1985, 2012, 2014-2018 (otherwise it was defeated in the Asian group or in a qualification match). In 2019, it has advanced to the Finals.

Successive winning countries

*Away away

[6]

YearsWinScoresecond place
1900 The United States of America3–0 United Kingdom[7]
1901 The United States of Americaw / o United Kingdom
1902 The United States of America3–2 United Kingdom
1903 United Kingdom4 – 1 * The United States of America
1904 United Kingdom5–0 Belgium
1905 United Kingdom5–0 The United States of America
1906 United Kingdom5–0 The United States of America
1907Flag of Australasian team for Olympic games.svg Australia[8]3 – 2 * United Kingdom
1908Flag of Australasian team for Olympic games.svg Australia3–2 The United States of America
1909Flag of Australasian team for Olympic games.svg Australia5–0 The United States of America
1910Flag of Australasian team for Olympic games.svg Australiaw / o United Kingdom
1911Flag of Australasian team for Olympic games.svg Australia4–0 The United States of America
1912 United Kingdom3 – 2 *Flag of Australasian team for Olympic games.svg Australia
1913 The United States of America3 – 2 * United Kingdom
1914Flag of Australasian team for Olympic games.svg Australia3 – 2 * The United States of America
Not held&
—
&
—
1919Flag of Australasian team for Olympic games.svg Australia4–1 United Kingdom
1920 The United States of America5 – 0 *Flag of Australasian team for Olympic games.svg Australia
1921 The United States of America5–0 Japan
1922 The United States of America4–1Flag of Australasian team for Olympic games.svg Australia
1923 The United States of America4–1 Australia
1924 The United States of America5–0 Australia
1925 The United States of America5–0 France
1926 The United States of America4–1 France
1927 France3 – 2 * The United States of America
1928 France4–1 The United States of America
1929 France3–2 The United States of America
1930 France4–1 The United States of America
1931 France3–2 United Kingdom
1932 France3–2 The United States of America
1933 United Kingdom3 – 2 * France
1934 United Kingdom4–1 The United States of America
1935 United Kingdom5–0 The United States of America
1936 United Kingdom3–2 Australia
1937 The United States of America4 – 1 * United Kingdom
1938 The United States of America3–2 Australia
1939 Australia3 – 2 * The United States of America
~Not held&
—
&
—
1946 The United States of America5 – 0 * Australia
1947 The United States of America4–1 Australia
1948 The United States of America5–0 Australia
1949 The United States of America4–1 Australia
1950 Australia4 – 1 * The United States of America
1951 Australia3–2 The United States of America
1952 Australia4–1 The United States of America
1953 Australia3–2 The United States of America
1954 The United States of America3 – 2 * Australia
1955 Australia5 – 0 * The United States of America
1956 Australia5–0 The United States of America
1957 Australia3–2 The United States of America
1958 The United States of America3 – 2 * Australia
1959 Australia3 – 2 * The United States of America
1960 Australia4–1 Italy
1961 Australia5–0 Italy
1962 Australia5–0 
1963 The United States of America3 – 2 * Australia
1964 Australia3 – 2 * The United States of America
1965 Australia4–1 Spain
1966 Australia4–1 
1967 Australia4–1 Spain
1968 The United States of America4 – 1 * Australia
1969 The United States of America5–0 
1970 The United States of America5–0West Germany flag West Germany
1971 The United States of America3–2 
1972 The United States of America3 – 2 * 
1973 Australia5 – 0 * The United States of America
1974 w / o*[9] 
1975 Sweden3–2 Czechoslovakia
1976 Italy4 – 1 * 
1977 Australia3–1 Italy
1978 The United States of America4–1 United Kingdom
1979 The United States of America5–0 Italy
1980 Czechoslovakia4–1 Italy
1981 The United States of America3–1 Argentine
1982 The United States of America4 – 1 * France
1983 Australia3–2 Sweden
1984 Sweden4–1 The United States of America
1985 Sweden3 – 2 *West Germany flag West Germany
1986 Australia3–2 Sweden
1987 Sweden5–0 
1988West Germany flag West Germany4 – 1 * Sweden
1989West Germany flag West Germany3–2 Sweden
1990 The United States of America3–2 Australia
1991 France3–1 The United States of America
1992 The United States of America3–1 Switzerland
1993 Germany4–1 Australia
1994 Sweden4 – 1 * Russia
1995 The United States of America3 – 2 * Russia
1996 France3 – 2 * Sweden
1997 Sweden5–0 The United States of America
1998 Sweden4 – 1 * Italy
1999 Australia3 – 2 * France
2000 Spain3–1 Australia
2001 France3 – 2 * Australia
2002 Russia3 – 2 * France
2003 Australia3–1 Spain
2004 Spain3–2 The United States of America
2005 Croatia3 – 2 * 
2006 Russia3–2 Argentine
2007 The United States of America4–1 Russia
2008 Spain3 – 1 * Argentine
2009 Spain5–0 Czech Republic
2010 Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu3–2 France
2011 Spain3–1 Argentine
2012 Czech Republic3–2 Spain
2013 Czech Republic3 – 2 * Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu
2014 Switzerland3 – 1 * France
2015 United Kingdom3 – 1 * Belgium
2016 Argentine3 – 2 * Croatia
2017 France3–2 Belgium
2018 Croatia3 – 1 * France
2019 Spain2–0 Canada
2020–21Russian Tennis Federation2–0 Croatia

Win by team

CountryWinsecond place
 The United States of America1900, 1902, 1913, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1937, 1938, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1954, 1958, 1963, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1990, 1992 , 1995, 2007 (32)1903, 1905, 1906, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1914, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1932, 1934, 1935, 1939, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959, 1964, 1973, 1984 , 1991, 1997, 2004 (29)
 Australia1907, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1914, 1919, 1939, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1973, 1977, 1983, 1986, 1999, 2003 (28)1912, 1920, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1936, 1938, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1954, 1958, 1963, 1968, 1990, 1993, 2000, 2001 (19)
 United Kingdom1903, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1912, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, 2015 (10)1900, 1902, 1907, 1913, 1919, 1931, 1937, 1978 (8)
 France1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2017 (10)1925, 1926, 1933, 1982, 1999, 2002, 2010, 2014, 2018 (9)
 Sweden1975, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1994, 1997, 1998 (7)1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1996 (5)
 Spain2000, 2004, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2019 (6)1965, 1967, 2003, 2012 (4)
West Germany flag West Germany
 Germany
1988, 1989, 1993 (3)1970, 1985 (2)
 Czechoslovakia
 Czech Republic
1980, 2012, 2013 (3)1975, 2009 (2)
 Russia2002, 2006, 2020–21 (3)1994, 1995, 2007 (3)
 Croatia2005, 2018 (2)2016, 2020–21 (2)
 Italy1976 (1)1960, 1961, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1998 (6)
 Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2010 (1)2013 (1)
 Switzerland2014 (1)1992 (1)
 1974 (1)(0)
 Argentine2016 (1)1981, 2006, 2008, 2011 (4)
 (0)1966, 1974, 1987 (3)
 (0)1969, 1971, 1972 (3)
 Belgium(0)1904, 2015, 2017 (3)
 Japan(0)1921 (1)
 (0)1962 (1)
 (0)1976 (1)
 (0)2005 (1)
 Canada(0)2019 (1)

Continental championship

ContinentWinsecond place
Europe4649
North America3230
Oceania2819
Africa10
South America15
Asia04

Related item

footnote

  1. ^ a b Kenkyusha Dictionary Department 1960.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "The 2015 ATP® Official Rulebook (pdf) ”(January 2015, 1). 2016/3/5Browse.
  3. ^ "Davis Cup reform: Nations vote for 18-team season-ending event". BBC Sport (September 2018, 8). 2018/8/17Browse.
  4. ^ Bodo, Peter (August 2018, 8). “Here's everything you need to know about the massive Davis Cup overhaul". ESPN. 2018/8/17Browse.
  5. ^ "Tennis greats tear into Davis Cup over haul". news.com.au (September 2018, 8). 2018/8/17Browse.
  6. ^ "CHAMPIONS". daviscup.com. ITF. 2021/12/13Browse.
  7. ^ On the Davis Cup official website, England from 1900 to 1912 was described as "British Isles"
  8. ^ Australian and New Zealand mixed team
  9. ^ India by the South African government at that timeapartheidThe final was canceled due to refusal to travel to South Africa due to policy protests, and South Africa was given the Davis Cup.

References

  • Kenkyusha Dictionary Department, ed. (1960). "Davis cup". Kenkyusha New English-Japanese Dictionary (4 ed.). Tokyo: Kenkyusha. P. 445.NCID BN01869467.

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