[Beijing Winter Olympics Knowledge] What is the difference between speed skating and short track speed skating?
If you write the contents roughly
In the individual speed skating competition, two players start at the same time in one match.
The biggest difference between speed skating and short track speed skating is the length of the track.Speed skating ... → Continue reading
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speed skate (Speed skating) Is 1m per lapSkating rinkA competition to go around and compete for goal time.In a broad sense, one lap111.12cmUse the trackShort track skatingCompetition may be included.Also called long track or out track as opposed to short track.
The birthplace is NetherlandsIt is said that it has been developed as a means of transportation to and from frozen canals and rivers during the winter since ancient times, and around the 13th century, the prototype of the current skate shoes with iron blades attached to the bottom of wooden shoes. Has appeared.1892 ToInternational Skating Federation (ISU) is launched.Next time1893 ToAmsterdamWorld Championships are held in Japan, which is the oldest remaining world championship.
What became the Olympic event1924 Chamonix olympic.1988 Calgary OlympicsThe indoor link was used for the first time, and since then1992 Albertville OlympicsExcept for, new indoor links are used at each tournament.
The record has shrunk with the improvement of athletes' abilities and training methods, and the development of ice making technology.1998 Nagano OlympicsAppeared just beforeSlap skateHas produced a dramatic improvement in records, and reiterated that it has a strong aspect of sports in which the superiority and inferiority of equipment is greatly related.
Official competitions will use links that meet the following:.
- It is installed outdoors, indoors, or indoors.
- The length of one lap is 11⁄3m-400m.
- It has two 2 degree curves with an inner diameter of 180-25m.
- It is divided into two lanes, with a width of 2m on the inside and a width of 4m or more on the outside.
Double track and single track
The "double track method" is a competition in which the lane is divided into two parts, in and out.In this method, a crossing area is provided on the back straight, where athletes switch lanes.At this time, the player who slides on the out side is given priority.On the other hand, the competition without dividing the lane is called "single track system" or "open track system" and is adopted in the group event.
The following events are held at international competitions (Olympic Games, World Championships, etc.).
Enforcement distance: 500m / 1000m / 1500m / 3000m (women only) / 5000m / 10000m (boys only)
Glide in a double track system and compete for time.The mass start, which will be described later, is also ranked on an individual basis, but the term "individual event" refers to this as the event name.As mentioned above, the Olympic Games have been held since the first Chamonix Games in winter, but the current enforcement distance is from the Calgary Games.In addition, the World Cup had a 1m dash, which was even shorter than the 500m dash (the 100-2008 season was abolished at the end). Two flying or sabotage (such as not giving way to an out player) will be disqualified.Basically, one person runs in each lane, but at 09m and above, a format called "quartet start" may be adopted.This is to share one lane with two people and start with a time lag.
Enforcement distance: 16 laps
Participants will slide all at once and compete for the total score obtained according to the order of arrival.At the olympic games2018 Pyeongchang GamesAdopted from.The execution distance is divided into 4 sections (sprints) with 4 laps each, and the players who passed the final lap (4th, 8th, 12th, 16th laps) of each sprint at the top will be given points as shown in the table below.Athletes who fall or are delayed in laps will be disqualified.The gliding area is the largest of all events, and in addition to the open track competition lane, the inner practice lane (gray area in the above figure) can also be used.Since a large number of people slip in a crowd, there are rules that take safety into consideration, such as requiring helmets and protectors for elbows and knees, and prohibiting sudden acceleration on the first lap and actions to raise the ranking significantly.
|Passing order||Intermediate sprint|
(4th, 8th and 12th laps)
Team pursuit (group overtaking)
Enforcement distance: 8 laps (boys) / 6 laps (women)
A middle-distance-equivalent group event in which a team of three people slides and competes for time.At the olympic games2006 Turin GamesAdopted from. The two teams will win if they start at the midpoint between the home straight and the back straight and finish faster or catch up with the other team. Since the time when the third player finishes is recorded, if a player who is late from the formation comes out, it will lead to time loss.During the competition, the lineup can be freely changed, and the strategy of preserving physical strength is taken by appropriately changing the head that receives the greatest air resistance.
Enforcement distance: 3 laps
A sprint-equivalent group event in which a team of three people sprints and competes for time.The placement of the starting point and the time when the third player finishes are recorded, which is the same as the team pursuit, but in the team sprint, the first player leaves every lap and the goal starts at the end. Only one person.It has been running at the World Cup since the 3-1 season, but has not been adopted at the Olympics.
Both international and domestic competitions are mainly divided into "championship competitions" and "distance-specific competitions."
It is a tournament that competes for overall victory based on the total points of multiple events, and is further divided into "(general) championship" and "sprint championship" depending on the combination of the events.
The score is the goal time converted to around 500m. For example, at 1500m, (time ÷ 3) is the score for that event, so the lower the total score, the higher the score.A typical tournament held in this format is "World championship""World Sprint Championship""All Japan Championship""All Japan Sprint ChampionshipThere is.
A tournament that simply decides the winner for each distance (by event).The Olympics are also equivalent to this distance-based competition.
In the case of 1m, which has only one lap, at the Olympics1998 Nagano OlympicsIn order to correct the advantages and disadvantages of in-start and out-start, it was changed to change the course and race twice and decide the ranking by the total time...But 20 years have passed2018 Pyeongchang OlympicsHas been returned to the one-shot game again.
A typical tournament held in this format is "Olympic""World Single Distance Championship""All Japan Distance Championship"and so on."War the world"World Cup", Each race is held as a single tournament, and the overall champion of the season is decided for each distance based on the total ranking points of each race for each distance.
Success of Japanese athletes in the Olympic Games
The Japanese medalists at the past Olympics are as follows.
- 【Silver】Yoshihiro Kitazawa(Men's 500m)
- 【copper】Akira Kuroiwa(Men's 500m)
- 1992 Albertville Olympics
- 1994 Lillehammer Olympics
- 1998 Nagano Olympics
Salt Lake City Olympics
- [Silver] Hiroyasu Shimizu (Men's 500m)
- 2010 Vancouver Olympics
- 2018 Pyeongchang Olympic
In addition, at various world championships, Japanese athletes have achieved world-class results, especially for sprints.
- ^ 1st in the same yearWorld Championship Cycling Tournament(Chicago) is also held.
- ^ A. Bonilla, N. (2019), “ANÁLISIS DE ESTABILIDAD DE CULTIVARES DE MAÍZ (Zea mays L.) EN AMBIENTES DE COSTA RIC”, A, Alcances Tecnológicos 3 (1): 63-71, two:10.35486 / at.v3i1.127. 2021/10/25Browse.
- ^ a b "Speed skating is a one-shot game, explaining the highlights and rules". Asahi Shimbun(July 2018, 2) 2020/12/6Browse.