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⚾ | Ham Kiyomiya applies "dangerous sliding" and "bonafide rule" to double play

Photo: Nippon-Ham Kotaro Kiyomiya who was out with "dangerous sliding" [Image: Persol Pacific League TV]

Hamu Kiyomiya is a double play due to "dangerous sliding" and "bonafide rule"

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In addition, the referees recognized that it was a dangerous sliding and applied the "bonafide rule", and Kondo, the batter-runner, was also out, resulting in a change.

Crossed with Seibu and Genda on the second base, sliding was judged to be "dangerous" Nippon-Ham - Seibu (10th, bill ... → Continue reading


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Wikipedia related words

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runnerWhat is (Sosha)?baseball-soft ball-cricketIt is an attacking player who runs toward the base (wicket in cricket).in English runnerIt is called (runner).In baseballOfficial baseball rulesDefinition 68 defines a runner.

The following is based on baseball.


batterIt is,Fair ballHit orFour balls,Dead ball,Run awayBy catchers and fieldersHitting obstructionBecome a runner by leaving the batter's box and heading to first base by some kind of play[1]..Especially the runners until they reach first baseBatter runner(Dashasosha) orBatter runnerIt may be called and distinguished.

Under ball-in-play, the runner can always try to advance to first base, second base, third base, and home base.When the runner regularly runs and touches the home plate, one point is given to the attacking side.However,Flying ballWhen was captured, the runnerRetouch(At the time of pitchingYou have to go back to the base you occupied and touch the base again).If it is necessary to run in reverse for reasons such as retouching, you must return to home base, third base, second base, and first base in the reverse order of advancement.

For some reason on the way to or return to baseoutThen you have to leave the ground.

When the runner is out

In the following cases, the runner will be out.[2]

  • In the fielder with the runner away from the baseTouch the ballIf done.
    • However, when the batter-runner runs through the first base, he will not be out even if he is touched, provided that he returns to the first base immediately only if the referee judges that he has no intention of going to the second base.If there is even a slight swing toward second base, it will be out when touched.The referee's criterion is "whether the batter-runner is willing to go to second base", and the place where the batter-runner is (fair area side or foul area side) should not be the basis for the judgment.
  • The runner who touched the first base left the line (base path) connecting the base and the base, and it was clearAbandoned running baseWhen the referee determines that it has been done.
  • 3 from the reference line as the runner tries to avoid the fielder's tag outフ ィ ー ト(About 91Centimeter) If you are more than that.
  • When the runner intentionally interferes with the throwing or interferes with the fielder who is trying to handle the hit.
  • When the hit ball of the fair touches the runner in the fair area.
    • However, it is considered that the hit ball has already touched the infielder (including the pitcher), or has passed through the crotch or side of the infielder (excluding the pitcher), and no other infielder has a defensive opportunity. In some cases, it is not out because the hit ball touches the runner.
  • When the runner is ahead of the previous runner (the runner who should be in front).
    • Specifically, it is a case where the runner in the front position is overtaken, or a case where the runner in the front position overtakes the player when he / she has to run in the opposite direction due to a flight ball being caught.Regardless of which one overtakes which one, the runner in the back will always be out.
  • When two runners are touching one base at the same time and the runner in the back is touched by a fielder.
    • The possession of the base is given to the runner in front of him, so the runner in the back will be out when he is touched.[3]..However, the runner in frontforce(Except when the runner has to surrender the original base and move on to the next base because the batter has become a runner)[4].
  • When a fielder with the ball touches the runner or the base to be advanced by the time the runner in the force state reaches the next base.thisForce outThat.
    • When the runner is in force, the possession of the original base is lost.Therefore, a runner in a force state will be out if he / she touches the original base but is touched by the runner or the base to be advanced.
  • When the referee determines that the runner who has reached the next base correctly has intentionally run backwards for the purpose of confusing the defensive side.
  • The base coach touches the runner's body and runs on the basePhysical assistanceif you did this.

Appeal out

In the following cases, if the defensive side appeals to the referee, the runner will be out.

  • When the fly ball is caught, the runnerRetouchIf you haven't (or have already left the base before the fly ball was caught,Tag upWhen the timing of
    • If a runner who had already left the base before the fly ball was caught is about to return home, the appeal is omitted and the runner is often immediately out by just touching the base.
  • When the runner misses (fails to step on) the base.[5]
    • If you cross the next base and then return to the first base, you must re-touch in the reverse order.For example, if a first base runner returns to first base after going around second base, he must touch second base and return to first base.Similarly, if the second base is missed on the outbound route in such a case, it will be treated as an overpass if the second base is not touched on the return route.
  • When the batter-runner who ran through the first base does not return to the first base immediately.
  • When the runner who rushes into the home base has not touched the home base and is not trying to touch it again.

Such a playAppeal playThe out by appeal play is called appeal out.Appeal play requires the fielder to touch the runner or the target base and appeal in action or words so that the referee can understand.

Appeal play is a play that "touches the base to make it out", but since appeal out is not force out, it is necessary to strictly distinguish between the two.However, depending on the situation, the out by appeal play may be a force out (for example, when the first base runner misses the second base when hitting a fence over home run with two dead bases, the defensive side appeals and judges. If the member approves this, the out will be a force out and the score from the home run will be cancelled).

In addition, even if the third out that is not a force out is established and the inning is completed, if there is still an advantageous appeal play other than that, if the defensive side performs the appeal play even after the inning is completed, the already established third out Can be replaced with (4th out).On the subject of this matter,Mizushima ShinjiCartoon ofDocabenThere is "one of the blind spots in the rule book" drawn in.

When the runner can advance safely

Home run,BalkDepending on the playing situation, the runner may be able to advance without fear of being out.thisSafety advancement rightThat.

When a ground rule is given under a dead ball (play interruption), it is not allowed to go beyond the given base.So, for example, if there are two first base runners and a batter runner between the first and second bases and two safe advance rights are given, the first base runner can advance to the third base, but the batter runner can only advance to the second base. ..

When a safe advance right is given under ball-in-play (play is ongoing), it is okay to advance beyond the given base, but the runner becomes unsafe when the given base is reached ( Subsequent departures may be out).Even if a given base is missed (missed), it is considered that the base has been reached.

Also, if the batter is given first base, the runner who has to advance to give up the first base to the batter can safely advance to the next base.So-calledFour dead ballsbyExtrusionIs a typical example.

For more information on the ground rule,Safety advancement rightSee section.

Sprint to first base

In Japanese professional baseball, when the batter-runner is clearly likely to be outSingle strokeIf you think you can get to the first base, you often run slowly to the first base instead of running to the first base with all your might.Plays that do not run to the first base are subject to criticism from the viewpoint that even if it seems to be out clearly, there is a possibility of avoiding out due to missteps and it is important to always play with full power. Sometimes things and teams are strictly disciplined[6][7][8].


[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ Official Baseball Rules 5.05
  2. ^ Official Baseball Rules 5.09(a)
  3. ^ Official Baseball Rules 5.06 (a) (2)
  4. ^ Official Baseball Rules 5.06(b)(2)
  5. ^ Example:Lee Seung-yeopAn example of a canceled home run.List of phantom home runschecking ...
  6. ^ Baseball player's best sprint
  7. ^ High School Baseball Information.com 92nd Tournament General Review
  8. ^ Director Oishi "Complaint" Fel, sprint to first base

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