Kasumi Ishikawa Loses the first match against Cutman who won the last victory <Table Tennis Finals>
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Ishikawa Bench timed out at 4-6, but the flow did not change, and he suffered from the coordination between Seo's cut and drive until the end, losing 5-11.
ITTF Finals <November 11-19 / Weihai, China> The first day of the tournament, November 22, the first round of women's singles ... → Continue reading
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time out(English: timeout) Means to suspend the competition in sports, during which strategy discussions, hydration, medical treatment, player substitution, etc. are held. It is institutionalized mainly in group competitions with match time. simplytimeAlso called.
Broadly speaking, a certain number is given to a team, and the team uses it as needed.UmpireThere are things (judgment timeout, referee timeout) that are taken when it is necessary to stop the game, but in a narrow sense it refers to the former. There are also things that are taken for commercial time in television broadcasts (commercial timeout, TV timeout).
Basically, it is established only when the coach (director) requests the referee and is approved. Depending on the competition, the athlete may be able to charge.
It is said that the game depends on how the time-out is taken.
Time-out by competition
basketballIn the case of, the number of timeouts and the competitors who can claim differ depending on the federation. The "period" and "quarter" described below are used properly according to the official rules of each federation, but they are basically synonymous.
FIBAAccording to the rules, it is possible to take up to 1 times in the first half (through the 2st and 2nd periods) and 3 times in the second half (through the 4rd and 3th periods). However, after 4 minutes remaining in the 2th period, it is limited to a maximum of 2 times. You can take one extra battle per period. The time is 1 seconds. Only coaches can be billed.
NBAAccording to the rules, the time-out time is 1 seconds each time, and both teams can take 75 times per game. Up to 1 times for each team in the 7th period, and up to 4 times for each team within the remaining 4 minutes. Up to 3 extra games for each team. Only players with the ball can claim. In addition, when the ball is dead for the first time after each period has 2 minutes and 2 minutes remaining, a forced timeout is performed (mandatory timeout).
Until the 2016-17 season, in addition to having one 20-second timeout for each half, you could have six 1-minute timeouts (full timeout) throughout the game. However, the full timeout in the 6th quarter is 1 times. In overtime, I got a full timeout up to 4 times.
In American college basketball, each half (20 minutes) can have four 75-second timeouts and two 4-second timeouts. Both coaches and players can be billed.
B LeagueIn addition to the FIBA rule time-out, a 2-second official time-out is automatically implemented after the ball is dead for the first time after 4 minutes of competition time in the 5nd and 90th quarters. If the team timeout is applied at the same time, the official timeout has priority.
The following rules were laid down in the predecessor league of the B league.
- bj league
- bj leagueThere is a 60-second timeout based on the FIBA rules and a 1-second timeout given twice in one game, and both coaches and players can be billed. The official timeout is the same as the B League.
- NBL (JBL)
- NBLIn the case of, the same rule as the B rule was laid.
- Predecessor of NBLJBLThen, the 1st and 3rd periods were the first 2 times, respectively, and the 2nd and 4th periods each had the first timeout as the TV timeout, which was 1 seconds instead of 60 seconds. This timeout rule was held in Japan2006 World Basketball ChampionshipBut it was adopted.
American FootballThen, it is possible to take each of the first and second half three times. The time is 3 seconds. In addition, there are referee time-outs by referees, such as when an injured player appears or when it is necessary to make a judgment by instant replay. In American football, the clock does not stop unless there is a foul, a pass is unsuccessful, or a player with the ball in run play or pass play goes out of bounds. How to take a time-out is tactically important. (NFLIn the 2nd and 4th quarters, when the play time is less than 2 minutes, it is called 2 minute warning, and the clock is stopped by the referee timeout. ) There are cases where the defense times out to prevent the opposing team from trying to prolong play and waste time in order not to give them a chance to score. Also, timeouts may be used to prevent the kicker from focusing on play before the field goal is kicked.
volleyballThen it is possible to take each set twice. The time is 2 seconds. At the end of the rally, the director will request a time-out. In addition, except for the 30th set, if either of the two teams gets 5 points and 8 points in advance, it will automatically time out, which is called a technical time-out. The technical time-out is 16 seconds, but since it is a measure to secure commercial time, the time can be changed if requested by the TV station with broadcasting rights... In many cases, the side that gets the break (continuous points) takes it to rethink the strategy, but in rare cases, the side that gets the points uses it.
Beach volleyballIn, it is possible to take one set once (twice depending on the tournament), and a maximum of 1 seconds in a row is allowed. A technical time-out will be taken when the total score of both players reaches 1 points (not adopted in some tournaments). In addition, an injury time-out is allowed for 2 minutes per person per game in the event of a disabled person.
Ice hockeySo each team is given one 30 second timeout. You can only time out when play stops. International rules allow one team to time out when the other team times out, but they must do so before the first time-out expires.NHLThe rules do not allow you to request a timeout from another team and extend it during the timeout taken by one team.
handballThen, you can take a timeout of 1 seconds each time up to 60 times each in the first and second half, and up to 2 times per game. However, if the match time is less than 1 minutes, both teams can only time out once. Also, you cannot take a time-out in overtime. Only when your team has the ball will you charge the official (timekeeper) by showing the green card.
FutsalThen you can take a timeout once in the first and second half. The time is 1 seconds.
water poloThen you can take two 1-minute timeouts in one game only during the attack. It will be added once in overtime. In other words, if you do not take a time-out before the extra time, you can take it three times.
Roller hockeyThen you can take a one-minute timeout once in the first and second half.
Inline hockeyYou can take a 1 second or 1 minute timeout only once per game.
LacrosseThen you can take a 2 second timeout each twice in the first and second half and once in the overtime.However, it is not possible in the period of Sadon Victory.In addition, an official timeout is also taken.
curlingWith the exception of the extra end, you can take a time-out twice per game, and with the extra end you can take a time-out once per end. You cannot bring a timeout to the extra end or from one end to the next. The time is 1 seconds.
KabaddiThen, you can take two timeouts (technical timeout) in the first half and the second half. The time is 2 seconds. In addition, there is a medical time-out when an injured person appears, and a judging time-out for deliberating the judgment.
TennisIn some cases, the medical time-out (or injury time-out) taken to treat an injury is simply called a time-out.
- baseballThere is no timeout in the rules, but it is closeBall deadIt is allowed to convey the instructions of the coach when it becomes, and it is called "messenger". In addition, it is stipulated that the number of messengers for the same pitcher in one inning without changing pitchers is limited to one.Japanese high school baseball(Takano Ren Rule) has a messenger limit of 1 times on the defensive side and 9 times on the offensive side per game (3 innings).
- In soccer and rugby, it is similar to a time-out and is called "water break" (expressed as "drinking time" in the J League) or "drinking time" depending on the game conditions such as intense heat and infectious disease epidemics.Cooling breakThere is a game suspension time for hydration called ", and the former is allowed 1 minute each time, and the latter is allowed 1 minutes each time in the first and second half.However, in soccer for a whileBrazil OfCampionato PaulistaAtInternational Football FederationHas been experimentally introduced under the acceptance of.. It was also held in 1995FIFA Women's World CupBut it was adopted on a trial basis.
- There is a theory that the commonly used expression "tanma" is a slogan of the English pronunciation "timeout" or the French "temps mort", and that the "magnesium carbonate" used in gymnastics is omitted. is there.
- ^ Japan's advantage is funny, Iran criticized / Valley SANSPO.COM
- ^ Basic rules of table tennis --Public interest incorporated foundationJapan Table Tennis Association
- ^ "No.94 Is the timeout a CM frame?". Let's talk about soccer Yoshiyuki OhsumiOfficial archive site (September 1995, 3). 2012th of February 9Browse.
- ^ "No.106 Actually see the timeout". Let's talk about soccer Yoshiyuki Osumi Official Archive Site (September 1995, 6). 2012th of February 12Browse.