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⛷ | Figure skating competition resumed after a long time


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Figure skating competition resumed after a long absence

 
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Of these, "synchronized skating" performed by a team is rare in Japan, and only this event can be participated from outside the prefecture.
 

The figure skating tournament, which had been canceled due to the influence of the new corona, was held in Otsu City on the XNUMXrd.In Otsu City ... → Continue reading

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Unusual event

Synchronized skating

Synchronized skating(Synchronized skating)Figure skatingOn iceSynchroIt is a competition.Men's single,Women's single,pair,Ice danceIt was born as a new competition following. The performance is composed of 1 people per team.

It ’s a developing sport, 2000In 3 monthAmericaMinneapolisThe 1st World Championship was held in. January 2007UniversiadeAt the competitionOlympicIt was held as a reference competition.FutureWinter OlympicsThis is a new sport that aims to enter the sport.

History

Precision era

In the 1950s, group performances like a marching band that took place between hockey games in the United States began.[1]..The number of teams increased mainly around Boston. 1954ミ シ ガ ン 州Ann ArborThe team formed by Richard Porter as an exhibition in a hockey game is said to be the first precision team in the world. In 1976, the world's first precision match was played in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and in 1984, 38 teams participated in the first US Championships.

Synchronized skating era

1988 years,International Skating FederationRecognized as an official eventInternational Skating FederationThe coaching committee, along with the technical committee, contributed significantly to the development of the synchronized swimming competition.Some of the current strong teams are teams formed during this period.At that time, it was the coaches of those strong teams who belonged to the coach committee.It can be said that Sweden, Finland, the United States, and Canada have supported the synchro world since that time.A guide for judges and coachesInternational Skating FederationIt was also during this period that it was frequently published by.And in each countryInternational Skating FederationMany international games sponsored by the company have been held. Since 1996, a world tournament called the World Challenge Cup has been held with a view to holding a world championship. It was held four times until 2000 until the World Championships were held in 1999, and now the Junior World Championships with the same name are being held. The name was changed from "Precision" to "Synchronized Skating" in 4, and from 1999.World Synchronized Skating ChampionshipWill be held.The first tournamentAmericaMinneapolisIt is held in.The number of athletes has been reduced to 20, and more emphasis has been placed on skiing.

From 2000 to 2004, it can be said that it was the golden age of competing for the beauty of the formation that changed round and round while maintaining the precision.It was an era when free skating rules were not so strict and it was possible to freely create acting.

A new scoring system was introduced in 2005.Before the change to the new scoring system, there was something that seemed to be a standard of difficulty, and a document was issued by the International Skating Union Coach Committee, but due to the change to the new scoring system, it will be reflected in the score by level selection. As it becomes clear, many teams tend to create similar programs.In addition, there are strong restrictions on free skating, so it seems that we were in a situation where we could not understand the difference between SP and FS.

  • 2000-The 1st World Championships Minneapolis (USA)
  • 2001-The 2nd World Championships Helsinki (Finland)
  • 2002-Rouen (France), 3rd World Championships
  • 2003-The 4th World Championships Ottawa (Canada) 16 teams from 21 countries
  • 2004-The 5th World Championship Zagreb (Croatia) 18 teams from 23 countries
  • 2005-6th World Championships Iyotebori (Sweden) 15 teams from 20 countries
  • 2006-The 7th World Championships Prague (Czech Republic) 16 teams from 21 countries
  • 2007-8th World Championships London (Canada) 17 teams from 22 countries
  • 2008-9th World Championships Budapest (Hungary) 18 teams from 23 countries
  • 2009-The 10th World Championships Zagreb (Croatia) 18 teams from 23 countries
  • 2010-The 11th World Championships Colorado Springs (USA) 18 teams from 23 countries

History in Japan

Tokyo Women's College of Physical Education Club

The Tokyo Women's College of Physical Education figure skating club, which is the parent body of the current Tokyo Women's College of Physical Education club, was established in 40, about 1967 years ago. In 1985, Director Omori was impressed by the article about the precision competition published in the American magazine "Skating", and ordered a rulebook from the United States and translated it to form a synchronized skating team.In 1987, the year after its inauguration, he participated in the 3rd Lake Placid International Precision Skating Competition (USA) and received a special award. Since 1987, he has participated in many international games including the World Challenge Cup until the World Championships were held in 2000. Participated in the 2008 All Japan Championship under the team name "Tokyo Synchro"[2].

Jingu Gaien Skating Rink Synchro Club Team "Jingu Ice Messengers"

Coach Katsuko Shio, who used to coach the Tokyo Women's College of Physical Education team, is coaching the Jingu team. Classes for adults have been held since April 2005, and they have appeared at recitals. At the 4 All Japan Synchronized Skating Championships, he won the Tokyo Women's College of Physical Education club and took the championship and participated in the world championships.[3]..However, in 2007, it will be retaken again.[4].

Kansai Synchro LOVERS

First appearance in the All Japan Championship held in 2008.The coach is Misa Iwasaki, who was active as a player at the Tokyo Women's College of Physical Education club.Formed a team with players from Kyoto University and the Kansai region, and appeared in "Ice Girls" sponsored by TBS held in August 2007.Since then, he has been a key player in the excitement of synchro fever in Kansai.

Japan Synchronized Skating Club

In early summer 2008, a gold medalist who was active in Sweden returned to Japan when he retired from active duty, and was established with professors at Waseda University.The senior team, Team GRACE, has begun practicing mainly in Kawagoe. A new team based in Jingu Ice Skating Rink, which was disbanded in June 2009 and merged with Jingu Ice Messengers in August.[5]

Participating countries

Category: Senior

  • America …… 2004, 2005, 2006
  • United Kingdom …… 2004, 2006
  • Italy …… 2004, 2005, 2006
  • Australia …… 2004, 2005, 2006
  • Austria …… 2004, 2005, 2006
  • Netherlands …… 2004
  • Canada …… 2004, 2005, 2006
  • Croatia …… 2004, 2005, 2006
  • Switzerland …… 2004, 2005, 2006
  • Sweden …… 2004, 2005, 2006
  • Czech Republic …… 2004, 2005, 2006
  • Germany …… 2004, 2005, 2006
  • Japan …… 2004, 2005, 2006
  • Hungary …… 2004, 2005, 2006
  • France …… 2004, 2005, 2006
  • Finland …… 2004, 2005, 2006
  • South Africa …… 2004
  • Russia …… 2004, 2005, 2006

Competition outline

Team structure

According to the rules of the International Skating Union, the World Championships are held in two categories: senior and junior.As of July, just before the match, there are two games each year: the World Championship with senior teams of players aged 2 and over and the World Challenge Cup with junior teams of players aged 7 and under 14 years old. Will be done.At the World Championships, the team must consist of 12 regular players and 19 substitute players, for a total of 2 players.There are no particular restrictions on the gender ratio within the team.Although not set as an international rule, it is customary for every team to have a captain.However, unlike soccer and baseball, there is no concept or role of position.Also, as a non-player team member, it is customary, but not always necessary, for most teams to have staff such as coaches, assistant coaches, managers and trainers.

Acting composition

According to the rules of the International Skating Union, teams in the following two categories (senior and junior) who are eligible to participate in international matches hosted by the International Skating Union will perform two performances: short program and free skating. The ranking must be determined by the total score of those points.

Short Program (SP)

It's like a chorus festival's task song that performs eight finely defined elements within 2 minutes and 50 seconds according to the music selected by the team, and as a recent trend, singles such as spins and step sequences There is a demand for a configuration that includes half and half of the elements that are so-called synchronized elements that are performed by connecting the arms.

Free skating (FS)

It is like a free song that connects 4 elements defined in 30 minutes 10 seconds (± 12 seconds) in a well-balanced manner according to the music selected by the team, and it has a wider range of performance development such as lift and jump. forgiven.Acting time is about the same as senior men's singles.

Synchro Glossary

要素

Synchro skating can be divided into the following elements according to formation and skill.There are roughly two types: the five major elements of synchronization that have existed since the early days of synchronization and the single elements that have been newly created in recent years.

The five major elements of synchronization are the "circle (CIRCLE ... abbreviation C)" that makes a circle shape with everyone, the "block (BLOCK ... abbreviation B)" that makes a box shape with three or more rows, and two or less rows. "LINE (abbreviation L)" to make, "wheel (WHEEL ... abbreviation W)" that rotates around the center point, "INTERSECTION ... abbreviation" where some players pass between the remaining players There are five of "I)", and it is basically required for athletes to connect and slide.

The single element is "spin (SPIN ... abbreviation SP)", which requires everyone to spin the same position in the same position, and "no hold," where everyone performs the same step from end to end of the link. "NO HOLD STEP SEQUENCE (abbreviated NHSS)", "MOVES IN THE FIELD (abbreviated MF)" that performs free skating operations such as spiral, Ina Bauer, and spread eagle. , There are four "MOVEMENT IN ISOLATION ... abbreviation MI" that divides into small units of less than half of the team and performs jumps and lifts.

To be recognized as having done an element, each element has a point and must be cleared.If it is a wheel, the number of rotations, whether or not there is a change in the direction of rotation, and if it is a block, the distance used on the ice surface while maintaining the formation becomes a problem.

Transition

Synchronized performance is completed by connecting the elements, but the formation change and the ingenious connection between the elements are called transitions.The points are the required time, smoothness, appearance, etc., and the most important part is the ability of the creator to compose the performance and the ability to understand the ideals of the athlete's performance.For example, when changing from a single line to a single circle, there are many possible patterns, but at the end of the line, the position / speed at the link, the direction of rotation of the circle, and the placement of people should be optimized. Work to select is required.The roles of the head and tail are different, and the difference in synchronization history causes different phenomena even in the same configuration.In that sense, synchro competition is an event that pays more attention to transitions than singles and pairs.

ホ ー ル ド

There are basically four ways to connect the arms: shoulder, elbow, hand (list), and no hold.In order to be recognized as having made that hold, everyone must be connected with shoulders if they are shoulders and elbows if they are elbows.Only a few people are half-hearted and will not be admitted to have performed the hold.Since this difference affects the size of the formation, it is required that everyone's hold be kept constant while maintaining a certain formation, and that the size of the formation changes due to the change in hold. ..

There are four types of connection positions as described above, but there are many variations such as connecting with the elbow and bending the arm with the elbow.In addition, there is still room for development, such as connecting with the waist or grabbing the edge.Depending on the team, there are small differences such as the right arm is in front, the left arm is in front, and the little finger is entwined.It is required to clearly hold 4 types in the senior short program and 3 types in the senior free skating.

Configuration / arrangement

Once the music, the order of the elements, and the way of transitions are decided, the next thing to decide is the arrangement of people.It is necessary to consider the strengths and weaknesses of the players, the synchronization history, height, and weight, and to arrange them from the beginning to the end without any problems.Occasionally, the transition method is changed in order to optimize the placement, and when considering the performance composition and placement, it is a big issue what to emphasize and create what seems to be optimal.

Judge system

The outline of the system is the same as for singles and pairs, and the final ranking is determined by the total score of the short program score and the free skating score.The score for each performance is the sum of the Total Element Score and Total Program Component Score by BASE VALUE (BV) and Grade Of Execution (GOE) and the deductions.The scoring system has changed since the alleged fraud at the Olympics, but this time we will introduce the new scoring system after the change.

Scoring-related officers

Referees, Assistant Referee Ice, up to 12 judges, Technical Controllers (TC) and Technical Specialists (TS), Assistant Technical Specialists (ATS), Data Operators, Replays, as scoring officers Requires operator and technical referee.Since it uses monitors and special computer software, it requires staff such as data operators and replay operators, but it is not directly related to scoring.

Role of officers

The officers who play the role of directly reflecting the score are as follows.The referee will check for costume / makeup violations, hold counts, and performance time violations, and deduct points.The technical specialist determines what was actually done during the performance, and the technical controller checks whether the specialist's judgment is correct.Specialists and controllers will deduct points for falls, non-compliance with essentials, and violations.Judges look at quality rather than difficulty of the elements performed during the performance, which is given by a total of 3 grades (GOE) of ± 7 grades centered on zero.

Scoring flow

With reference to the Program Content Sheet (list of planned performance elements) submitted by the team, the technical specialist and technical controller will start checking the performance of each team from the official practice.In fact, if the essentials of each element are observed and executed reliably in the actual performance, unless there is a fatal mistake in the program structure due to a difference in the interpretation of the rules, etc., the Base Value as requested in the Program Content Sheet Will be given by a technical specialist and a technical controller. Base Value is a value given to each element one by one, and the higher the difficulty level, the larger the value is set.A maximum of 1 judges will score each element on a 12-point scale.The Total Element Score is calculated by combining these two scoring results.In addition, the judges divide the artistic scoring called Program Component into five categories.The characteristics of skating technology, transition characteristics, performance / execution characteristics, choreography / composition characteristics, and expression / timing characteristics are evaluated on a scale of 7 out of 2 and in increments of 5, respectively.The average is the score for each category.In the short program, the point is whether you can complete the task, so the score obtained by multiplying the score of each category by 10 is the Total Program Component Score, and in free skating, the score of each category is added. The score obtained by multiplying the thing by 0.25 is the Total Program Component Score.After that, the referee and the technical controller will calculate the deductions, and by adding them all together, the points for SP and FS will be calculated.

protocol

Overview

At the end of each competition, the final result called the protocol and the basic data of the competition will be distributed to each team and all participating skating federations in the form of a CD-ROM or booklet, and will be published on the Internet.It can be freely viewed by the general public without a password.The contents include general information about the competition, such as location, date and time, link type, ice condition, composition of judges, team member names and team captain names of the top three teams, and team photos. And the final result of each team's SP / FS called JUDGES DETAILS PER TEAM.

JUDGES DETAILS PER TEAM

JUDGES DETAILS PER TEAM is a detailed scoring table given to each SP and FS.You can know the ranking by looking at the total score, but you can know why the score was given by reading JUDGES DETAILS PER TEAM.In the old scoring, there was a big impression that the scoring criteria were unclear, but anyone with knowledge of scoring rules and some experience can determine it, and there is a wealth of knowledge of skating for the execution content determined by objective judgment. It can be said that the new scoring system based on the idea that the performance of those executions is evaluated by a group of judges has succeeded in convincing what they see.In addition, if the old scoring was used, it was possible to compete in the world if it had a specific characteristic, but in the current system, all technologies are evaluated evenly, so the abilities of the athletes can be demonstrated in various fields. The result is coming.

References

  • Mikan Ogita "Study on Promotion of Synchronized Skating Competition Based on Triple Mission" Master's Thesis, Graduate School of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, 2007.

注 釈

  1. ^ Why I started Synchronized Skating Yuiko Hoshino
  2. ^ The 15th All Japan Synchronized Skating Championships (December 2008-12, 26)
  3. ^ The 13th All Japan Synchronized Skating Championships (December 2006, 12)
  4. ^ The 14th All Japan Synchronized Skating Championships (December 2007, 12)
  5. ^ "Information”. Team GRACE Japan Synchronized Skating Club (June 2009, 6). 2020/10/30Browse.

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