Recalling the photo "Youth of those days" ... Coloring autumn with sports fiction
Recalling "the youth of those days" ... Coloring autumn with sports fiction
If you write the contents roughly
This is a book of newspaper novels that captures that way of life hotly and vividly.
Introducing recommended books from Sanseido Bookstore Sogo Chiba, the keyword this time is "sports fiction".Club activities, circles, lessons ... → Continue reading
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Western newspaper novels
In the 19th century, the publication format of novels was sometimes published as a book from the beginning, serialized in a magazine or serialized in a newspaper and later made into a book, or monthly parts..
In particularFranceThen the novel serialized in the newspaper is called "Roman Fiyuton"Popular novelWas responsible for..The first French newspaper novel was in 1836Honore de BalzacIs said to be the "spinster" of.
At the beginning of the 20th century, there was fierce competition among newspaper companies for reader acquisition in the United States, and newspaper companies began selling newspaper novel writers as celebrities and intellectuals..
Famous works serialized as newspaper novels include the following.
- Charles Dickens"The Life of the Lord Jesus" (serialized in multiple papers in 1934 after Dickens died)
- Erich Maria Remarque"Western Front No abnormalities(Serialized in 1928 by Vossische Zeitung)
- Arthur Conan Doyle"Valley of Fear"(1914,New York TribuneSerialized in Sunday edition)
- Hugh Lofting"Dr. Little(Serialized in the New-York Tribune in the early 1920s)
The penetration of newspaper novels in the early 20th century was the improvement of printing technology.Literacy rateIt is said that it was brought about by the rise of the number of newspapers and the synergistic effect with the competition between newspaper companies, and had a great influence on the literary taste of the middle class readers..
Japanese newspaper novel
Representative newspaper novelist
A newspaper novelist representing modern Japanese literature wrote in 1907 (Meiji 40), "Asahi ShimbunBecame an exclusive writerNatsume SosekiWill.Soseki"I have never looked into the back streets and open fields of the literary world, and I am educated and ordinary."Until the cluster passAbout ""Asahi Shimbun(Quoted from 1912) For the general reader, with their expectations in mind, "Gubijinso』(1907/6/23-10/29) and later wrote all the works.On the reader's side as well, every day, every day, I read today's worth while immersing myself in the afterglow of yesterday, and I hoped for tomorrow.The relationship between the author and the reader in these newspaper novels is hard to see just by reading the text of today's complete works..
A notice written by Soseki when he started the serialization of "To the Spring Equinox"
"Calculating through Tokyo and Osaka, IAsahi ShimbunThere are hundreds of thousands of subscribers.I don't know how many of them read my crops, but most of them probably haven't seen the backstreets or open roads of the literary world.As a mere human being, I think that he will breathe the air of nature in a true manner and live in a moderate manner.I believe in happiness that I can make my crop public in front of an educated and ordinary man. "
History of newspaper novels: Through the main works of Ryunosuke Akutagawa
SosekiAs a teacherRyunosuke AyukawaIs "狢A short work like "(Mujina)"Yomiuri Shimbun(1917/3/11), but as a full-fledged newspaper novel, "Osaka Mainichi NewspaperThe evening edition of "Gesaku Zanmai" (1917/10/20-11/4, 15 times) was the first.AkutagawaIs "Asahi ShimbunIn March 1918, he signed a company friendship contract with his rival, the newspaper, and became an employee in April of the following year. Looking at the contract that says, "I am not obliged to go to work, I write some novels a year, and I do not write in other newspapers."Sosekiof"Asahi Shimbun』\ Reminds me of joining the company.The first work after the company friend contract is "Hell strange(1918/5 / 1-22, 20 times), and after that, "Evil gate(1918/10 / 23-12 / 13, 32 times) Others, "Tokyo Nichini Shimbun(Morning edition) at almost the same time ("Tokyo Nichini ShimbunHas not yet been published in the evening, and was published in September 1923). AkutagawaThe first work since he became an employee of the newspaper is "On the road"(1919/6 / 30-8 / 8, 36 times), and the subsequent works include"戔 嗚（すさのをのみこと）」（1920・3・30～6・6、45回）、「奇怪な再会」（1921・1・5～2・2、17回）、「上海遊記」（1921・8・17～9・12、21回）、「江南遊記」（1922・1・1～2・13、28回）があるが、AkutagawaThe number of newspaper novels in Japan was surprisingly small, and even after becoming an employee, there were more works published in other media.SosekiIs very different from.In one letter, he said, "I write newspaper novels every day," but I also had a hard time writing and had many days off.SosekiThere is a big difference withAkutagawaMay not have been suitable for newspaper writing.
Significance and problems of the first appearance of the newspaper
Ryunosuke AyukawaAt the time"Osaka Mainichi NewspaperThe evening edition is the same as the morning edition, with 1 columns per page, 10 characters per line, and full ruby text in print with ruby.AkutagawaNewspaper novels were often published at the bottom of the first page.In newspaper novelsSosekiNeedless to sayAkutagawaEven so, shouldn't the first-appearing text in the newspaper be more important?Aside from the works published in douujinshi, which were read only by a limited number of readers, the text in the newspaper should have gained an incomparably large number of readers compared to other media.However, the latest "Complete Works of Ryunosuke Akutagawa", all 23 volumes (Iwanami Shoten, 1995-98), the text of newspaper novels is treated in the same way as works published in other magazines.AkutagawaLater, just because the subsequent revision of theBookHas been mechanically based on.It is necessary to urgently revise such a comprehensive editorial policy and make the first appearance of the text published in the newspaper more visible, taking into consideration the form of publication.Tokyo version (AkutagawaIn the case of Tokyo Nichi Nichi) and Osaka version (AkutagawaIn the case of newspaper novels published in both Osaka Mainichi),SosekiAs was the case with, the differences in the text that are recognized between the two are always a problem.SosekiIn the case of, most of the autographed manuscripts were sent to Tokyo Asahi, except for the first few works, and the Tokyo version was first assembled there.It is estimated that the Osaka version was produced not from the autograph manuscript itself, but from the galley print sent from Tokyo. AkutagawaIn the case of, the opposite is true, the autograph manuscript was sent to Osaka first, where the Osaka version was assembled, and it seems that the Tokyo version was produced from the galley printing of the Osaka version.In that case, the Tokyo version will be a reprint of the Osaka version.AkutagawaThe book ofSosekiIt seems that it is based on the Tokyo version as well as the book ofSosekiCompared to the book of, the text is one step further from the autograph manuscript, and it has many problems.AkutagawaFrom this point as well, the importance of the first newspaper base paper increases in the newspaper novels of..
- ^ "The world of British books From hornbooks to paperbacks”. Tsurumi University Library. 2020/1/13Browse.
- ^ Takashi Koshoyama, "Exploring Mysterious Books," Toyo Keizai, 2016, p. 275.
- ^ Shigeru Kashima, Legend of the Newspaper King, Chikuma Shobo, 1991, p. 116.
- ^ a b c d e f "Special Exhibition "Novelists and Newspapers: The Golden Age 1900-1939-Literature in Newspapers: Golden Age 1900-1939"”. The University of Tokyo. 2020/1/13Browse.
- ^ a b c Hiroshi Yamashita "Newspaper novel"Yasuyoshi SekiguchiHen "Ryunosuke Akutagawa New Dictionary" (Obayashi Shobo, 2003)
- Osamu Morimoto and Koji Shimizu "Ryunosuke Akutagawa Vol. 2" (Izumi Shoin, October 1987, 10)
- Takeo Takagi "Newspaper Novel History Taisho Hen" (Kokusho Kankokai, 1976/12/15), "Newspaper Novel History Chronology" (Kokusho Kankokai, 1987/5/30),
- Hiroshi Yamashita "Answer"Soseki Shimbun Novel Reprint Complete Works Vol. 11" (Yumani Shobo, September 1999, 9)