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# ⚾ ｜ Rangers win first baseman candidate Raise and XNUMX to XNUMX trade

### Rangers win first baseman candidate Raise and XNUMX to XNUMX trade

If you write the contents roughly
In the minor total, he has a batting average of .300, an on-base percentage of .400, and an OPS of .883.

The Rangers announced on December 12th that a 11 to XNUMX trade with Raise was completed, and they are candidates for first baseman ...　→ Continue reading

MLB.jp

"MLB.jp" is the official website for major leagues in Japanese. Not only Japanese players such as Shohei Otani (Angels), Darvish (Cubs), and Ichiro (Mariners), but also various topics related to Major League from match results to player information (1 to 10 articles per day) 15). Please enjoy the world of Major Leagues, which is once again attracting attention due to Otani's major challenge.

### Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

# Base run rate

Base run rate(Shutsuru Ritsu,British: On-base percentage / OBP) isbaseballInbatterOne of the indexes to evaluate.Represents the percentage of bases per hitting opportunity of a batter.

## Overview

On-base percentage = (hits + walks + hit by pitch) ÷ (at bat + walks + hit by pitch + sacrifice fly)

On-base percentage isBatter recordIsNumber of strokes,Four balls,Dead ball,Sacrifice flyOf the total number ofHit, Walks, and hit by pitch[1][Note 1]..Of the numerical value calculated by the above formulaDecimal4th placeRoundingAnd use the values ​​up to the third place.batting averageAs well asIntegerThe 0 in the part is often omitted.

If the number of sacrifice flies exceeds the number of four dead balls, the on-base percentage may be lower than the batting average.However, since there are few chances of sacrifice fly in hitting, the possibility is extremely low if the number of four dead balls is 1 or more.[2].

## Transition

The former on-base percentage is eachBaseball leagueAlthough it was calculated when selecting the title winner in[Note 2], The attention was always low compared to the batting average.But since the 21st centurySaber metrics(statisticsSince the application of baseball to baseball has become popular, the on-base percentage, which indicates the "probability that a batter will not be out," is higher than the batting average.scoreIt has been confirmed that it is an element that is linked to the batter, and it has come to be regarded as important as an evaluation index for batters.[3].

Major League Baseball (MLB)

I was the first to pay attention to this on-base percentageMLB OfAuckland AthleticsPerformed well despite running the team with a small amount of money.AthleticsGM,Billy BeanApplying Sabermetrics,FA,tradeCollected "players who have a high on-base percentage but do not have a high evaluation or annual salary for other reasons"MLB draftIn 2001 and 2002, he nominated and acquired a player with a large number of walks, created a team with a high scoring efficiency, and achieved 2 wins in the season for the second consecutive year despite the team's annual salary, which is the lowest level in MLB.[4]..These will be laterMichael LewisBut"Money ballIn the bookFilm adaptationIt has been done.

Nippon Professional Baseball (NPB)

NPBThen, until 1984, the following formula was used without considering sacrifice fly.[5].

Base run rate = (hits + walks + dead balls) ÷ (number of hits + walks + dead balls)

Pacific LeagueThen.1962From the player with the highest base run rate of the seasonHighest base rateAs an award.Central LeagueThen.1967The highest number of bases in the season[Note 3]The players were commended, and the on-base percentage was not the subject of the award,1985Adopting the formula at the beginning and the establishment of the highest on-base percentage, which targets the on-base percentage in both Central Pacific leagues, has been revised to the present.[5].

## Japanese professional baseball

### Personal season record

RankingPlayer nameClubAt-batBase run rateRecord yearRemarks
1Hiromitsu OchiaiLotte Orionsright. 4871986Pacific LeagueRecord
2Hiromitsu OchiaiLotte Orionsright. 48061985
3R. BathHanshin Tigersleft. 48051986SE LeagueRecord
4Hiromitsu OchiaiChunichi Dragonsright. 47281991
5Ogasawara MichidaiNippon Ham Fightersleft. 47252003
6Yuki YanagitaFukuoka Softbank Hawksleft. 46942015
7R. PetaginiYakult Swallowsleft. 46871999
8Yoshihiro MaruHiroshima Toyo Carpleft. 46812018
9A. CabreraSeibu Lionsright. 4672002
10R. PetaginiYakult Swallowsleft. 4662001
Over stipulated bats since 1985. Records are at the end of the 2020 season[6].

### Reference record

RankingPlayer nameClubAt-batBase run rateRecord year
Individual season on-base percentage before official record
2KageuraOsaka Tigersright. 515Autumn 1937
5Yoshikazu MasuNagoya Armyright. 493Spring 1938
According to current formula[Note 4]..More than the prescribed seat.
RankingPlayer nameAt-batBase run rate
Personal record (unofficial)
2Hiromitsu Ochiairight. 422
3Hideki Matsuileft. 413
4Aoki Nobuchikaleft. 403
5Isao Harimotoleft. 399
6A. Cabreraright. 398
7Itoi Yoshioleft. 393
8Nobuhiko Matsunakaleft. 392
9Ogasawara Michidaileft. 390
10Kiyohara Kazuhiroright. 389
• According to current formula[Note 4].
• Over 5000 at bats.
• As of the end of 2020.

## Major league baseball

### Personal total record

RankingPlayer nameBase run rate
1Ted Williams. 482
2Babe Ruth. 474
3John McGraw. 466
4Billy Hamilton. 455
5Lou Gehrig. 447
6Barry Bonds. 444
7. 435
8Rogers Hornsby. 434
9Thai cub. 433
10Jimmy Fox. 4283
RankingPlayer nameBase run rate
11Tris speaker. 4279
12Eddie Collins. 4244
13. 4241
14Dan Bros.. 4233
15. 4230
16Joe Jackson. 422
17Mickey mantle. 421
18Joey Bot. 4194
19Mickey cachrane. 4192
20Frank thomas. 4191
• Records at end of 2020 season[7].

### Personal season record

RankingPlayer nameClubAt-batBase run rateRecord yearRemarks
1Barry BondsSan Francisco Giantsleft. 6092004National LeagueRecord
2Barry BondsSan Francisco Giantsleft. 5822002
3Ted WilliamsBoston Red Soxleft. 5531941A leagueRecord
4John McGrawBaltimore Oriolesleft. 5481899
5Babe RuthNew York Yankeesleft. 5451923
6Babe RuthNew York Yankeesleft. 5331920
7Barry BondsSan Francisco Giantsleft. 5292003
8Ted WilliamsBoston Red Soxleft. 5261957
10Babe RuthNew York Yankeesleft. 5161926
• Records at end of 2020 season[8].

## footnote

 [How to use footnotes]

### 注 釈

1. ^ Official baseball rules 9.21.It should be noted thatInterfairObstructionExcludes bases on base (9.21 original note).
2. ^ As an example, in Japanuncrowned kingAsKiyohara KazuhiroOften mentioned, Kiyohara has won the highest runner-up title twice.
3. ^ Bases = Hits + Walks + Dead Balls
4. ^ a b Tetsuya Usami "Professional Baseball Record Encyclopedia" and "Baseball Record Book" issued each year, calculated independently from the personal record section

### Source

1. ^ How to calculate the record -NPB.jp Japan Baseball Organization
2. ^ Base run rate lower than batting average. Is that possible?? -Natsuki Une, Yahoo! News, November 2016, 11
3. ^ John Edwards (February 2020, 2). “[Sabermetrics explained by US reporters] 1: Why should we stop relying on batting average?”(Japanese). SPORTING NEWS. 2020th of February 11Browse.
4. ^ "Passion for "money ball" talked about by the author and Athletics GM”. ITmedia (June 2011, 11). 2020th of February 11Browse.
5. ^ a b "Challenge the "on-base percentage of 5%" achieved only by Hiroshima Maru and Sadaharu Oh”. Full-Count (December 2018, 7). 2020th of February 11Browse.
6. ^ Highest record ever Base run rate [Season record] -NPB.jp Japan Baseball Organization
7. ^ Total record -Baseball-Reference.com
8. ^ Season record -Baseball-Reference.com