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🧳 | Hospitality Operations Grand Opening "Smile Hotel Okayama" on March 3th


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Hospitality Operations Grand Opening "Smile Hotel Okayama" on March 3

 
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There will also be a breakfast venue operated by the tenant, a coin laundry, and a vending machine.
 

Hospitality Operations will grand-open "Smile Hotel Okayama" on March 3th.Number of rooms ... → Continue reading

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vending machine

vending machine(I'm sorry,British: vending machine) Means that an unspecified number of peoplecurrency(currency) Or by inserting a card etc. that replaces it and paying the price automaticallyProducts(Of goods)BuyTo be able to receive services and servicesmachine[1][2].Vending machine(Jihanki) is also abbreviated.ticket,food voucherFor machines that sell tickets such as(Automatic ticket vending machineAlso says.

Overview

Vending machines are when you pay money (for example, cash (coins and banknotes))Electronic moneyTouch the card in)push buttonIt is a machine that can purchase goods (articles, information and services) automatically (=without human intervention) by performing operations. If you put in the price and operate the machine, you will receive the goods (in a machine with a mechanism to prepare fishing)changeCan be received.

However,Public telephoneAnd entertainment machines (jukebox,arcade gameMachines, etc.) are generally not included in the category of vending machines (although they provide services unattended and automated)[3].

From the point of view of the seller of the product, it is a machine that sells it automatically. Lack of manpowerPersonnel expensesIt is effective as a measure against soaring,Days Off,NightHas the advantage that[3].. Vending machineMech robotIt can be said that it is a kind of. From the product buyer's point of view, the vending machine provides the product even on holidays and nights when manned stores are closed.

The oldest vending machine in the world is said to have been the ancient Egyptian holy water vending machine described in Hero of Alexandria's book.The 1615 British vending machine that allows you to buy cigarettes with coins still exists today.In Japan, in 1890, Shuzo Ono and Takashichi Tawaraya each obtained patents for vending machines.

Vending machines can be broadly divided into goods vending machines and vending service machines.

Modern vending machines are generally composed of "money equipment", "instruction equipment", "storage / processing equipment", and "sales equipment".

Most vending machines operate electrically or by the weight of coins or a mechanism operated by the purchaser.[4].

In recent years, some electronic money cards have a function of adding points to the card at the time of purchase.Recently, the function of providing beverages free of charge in the event of a disaster,AEDFunction of,無線 LANSome have added special features such as the access point function of.

Vending machines face various problems such as large power consumption, light pollution problems, effects on underage smoking and drinking, theft problems, etc., but measures have been taken to deal with the problems and evolved models Has repeatedly appeared.現在もEven nowCashless paymentThe development and introduction of models corresponding to the above are gradually being carried out. (Not Japan)

History

First vending machine

The world's first vending machineAncient egyptInstalled in the templeHoly waterIs a device for selling[5].. This device had a structure in which, when 5 drachma coins were inserted, the stopper was opened by the weight of the coins and water came out from the faucet.[5].. This descriptive illustration isHeron of AlexandriaIn the book "Pneumatika" (the original is lost, but the 1587 manuscript is in the Italian National Library)[6]..However, it is not known whether it was Heron's own invention or a description of his teacher's invention, and the inventor of this device is unknown.[5].. Also, it is not clear how widely used the device is.[5].

UK

The oldest existing vending machine is1615In a British cigarette vending machine,Japanese cuisine tavernAnd was installed in an inn[5]..It is a mechanism that the lid can be opened and the product can be taken out by inserting a half-pence coin from the coin slot at the top of the box, but after the lid is opened, it is necessary to close it manually, and the innkeeper or servant closes the lid. It wasn't practical because it was closed[6].

In the UK1857To DenhamPoststampFirst time for a vending machinePatentWas granted[7].

America

アメリカ合衆国Then.1884Granted patent for Fluen's automatic withdrawal device[7].

1888Thomas Adams developed a machine to sell his own gum and installed it at the station[6]..Also, the idea of ​​adding gameplay to promote sales to vending machines is1897Small by Pulver Manufacturing CompanyEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu OfBonusThe attached one was installed. This idea spread as a new mechanism known as the trade stimulator,Slot machine,PinballWill lead to the birth of.

1925Has developed a cigarette vending machine that can sell a wide variety of products at different prices, and it is generally said that this started the history of modern vending machines.[8].

Japan

In Japan, it is not a vending machine for goods, but in 1876 (Meiji9 years)Ueno ParkThere is a record that an automatic weight measuring device was installed in the newspaper reading center inside, but the manufacturer and installation period are unknown.[6].

As a vending machine for selling goods,1890(Meiji 23), two patents were granted: a vending machine patent (filed in March 1888, patent No. 3) and a vending machine patent (filed in December 848, patent No. 1888). Patent[7][9].. Of these, Takachika Tawaraya made equipments upon request from the post office.Choshu clan(CurrentYamaguchi )ofShimonosekiAs a joiner, and exhibited at the 1890rd National Industrial Expo in 3.[9].. The vending machines at Tawaraya have already been equipped with the functions of slag remover (elimination of counterfeit coins) and coin return (return of coins when sold out). there were[10].. "Automated postage stamps," invented by Tawaraya in 1904 (Meiji 37)postcard"Selling machine" is the oldest existing vending machine in Japan,Communication MuseumThe name of Tawaraya is widely known as the first vending machine inventor in Japan because it is held in the exhibition and the above-mentioned cigarette vending machine was exhibited at the exhibition.

Meiji EraAlthough various vending machines were manufactured in Japan, most of them were one-off and experimental ones, and were not of a level that was generally established.[11].

1924(TaishoIn 13) Koichiro Nakayama entered the bagConfectioneryProduced a vending machine of the type, which is considered to be Japan's first popular vending machine.[12].

1951 OfAsahi ShimbunThen, as an article by an American correspondent,The New York TimesThe cup-type soft drink vending machine that existed in the office is featured. It has been reported that if you put in a quarter silver coin, four 25 cent bronze coins will come out as change, and that the cup will be set automatically and a fixed amount of soft drink will come out, and it is reported that it is dull at the same time Can be seen that this type of vending machine did not exist or was uncommon[13].

ShowaIn the early 30's, vending machines moved from rare machines to full-scale commercialization.[14].

Vending machines rapidly spread in the 40s. As a factor,1967(Showa 42)100 Yen-50 YenNew coins (White copperIs issued.[15].

In particular1967ToNational railwayIn urban areas as part of streamliningShort distance ticketIt is said that the introduction of a vending machine for issuing tickets had a major impact.

The number of vending machines installed all over Japan is20st centuryThe inside continues to increase,2000(HeiseiIn 12, it reached a peak of 560 million units.21st centuryAfter entering, it started to decrease,2007At the end of (19)Japan Vending Machine Manufacturers AssociationAccording to a survey of 540 units, 5,300% of which are for beverage sales,2008(20)12At the end, the trend continues with 526 million units[16].. Sales from vending machines also start at 2000 trillion yen in 72008(20) decreased to 5 billion yen[16].. The ratio of buyers in Japan is 9: 1 for men[16].. The highest value of industrial products shipped by vending machines in Japan isMieIs[17].. The largest number of vending machine productionYokkaichi[Note 1]So, about 12 units are produced annually.

stationThen.KioskIn order to reduce the inconvenience of users after the store is closed, or to reduce labor costs, the kiosk is often replaced with a vending machine. Also in recent yearsSuicaVending machines exclusively for payment of transportation electronic money have also appeared. This contributes to a reduction in machine maintenance costs by eliminating moving parts that handle money.[18].

Classification/Type

Vending machines can be roughly classified into goods vending machines and automatic service machines.[3].

Internationally, vending machines are mostly classified as vending machines for goods (847619), vending machines for beverages, other vending machines, and parts (the following are heating or refrigerating functions). It is only classified whether to self-collect).

Is classified very finely, and is classified as a vending machine (58) among vending machines and automatic service machines (581). Vending machines are roughly classified into goods vending machines (5811) and service information vending machines (5812), and further detailed classifications are provided below.

Vending machine for goods

Generally, various containers that have been chilled or warmed (can-bottle-PET bottles・Beverages containing paper packages/cups,Cup noodle,Sweet bread-Confectionery,tobacco,magazine-News (Chinese)Many are easy to save. In special places, grind and extract from beans each time.coffee,Frozen foodBuilt-in (fried rice balls, fried noodles, etc.)microwaveThere is also a vending machine that is warmed up and offered. As for noodles, there is a type in which boiled noodles are boiled and then served with soup. In the case of cup noodles, some are served with hot water and come with chopsticks.

Transportationticket,Limited express ticket,amusement park,Theme parkAdmission tickets, etc.prepaid cardSuch as those that sell products in the form of tickets,Automatic ticket vending machineAlso called.

In recent years, customers have ordered oils and fats such as gasoline at a refueling machine, and they are responsible for all operations up to refueling.gas stationHas increased. Again, the refueling machine itself is a kind of vending machine.

The products handled by manual vending machines areChewing gum,チ ョ コ レ ー トSuch as sweetsNews (Chinese)And so on.

A newspaper vending machine (see the image above) opens the case by inserting coins in the amount of money, so the case is opened manually and a part of the stack of newspapers is grabbed and taken out. The last purchaser takes out the newspaper, as only part of it is set to cover the transparent window of the case from the inside to display one side of the newspaper. After that, it becomes clear that the case is empty. There is no mechanism to prevent fraudulent acts of retrieving multiple copies at once. Since it does not require electricity, there is almost no management cost, and since the vending machine and the product cost are low, it is not affected by theft damage so many are installed on the streets of the city and the main sales channel of newspapers. Has become one of.

Service information vending machine

In the Japanese standard merchandise classification, the vending machine (581) is classified into an article vending machine (5811) and a service information vending machine (5812), and the service information vending machine is a kind of vending machine. There is. Employment information vending machines and PC software vending machines are exemplified in the Japanese standard product classification. The international HS Code does not have such a detailed classification.

  • Employment information vending machine
  • PC software vending machines-onceSoft vendor TAKERU(Formerly "Takeru"). Blank the software downloaded or read from the built-in optical disc media.Disk media,Rom cassetteI wrote it on and sold it.

Automatic service machine

Like a vending machineTangible thingInstead of providing intangibleServiceEspecially the machines that provideAutomatic service machineCall[19].. The international HS code is in the category of “Vending machines for goods (for example, for postage stamps, cigarettes, food or beverages, including currency changers)” (8476). Although not distinguished, the Japanese standard product classification separates the vending machine (581) and the automatic service machine (582) from each other.

Classification of automatic service machines according to Japanese standard product classification (numbers are product codes)

Fine classification and handling items in Japan

Basically,1990(Heisei 2) Enter according to (partly added) revised in June. In the case of goods, it is divided into food type (food/beverage) and non-food type.

convenience storeAnd open 24 hourssupermarketThe number of items to sell has decreased compared to a year ago due to the increase in the number of stores. Currently, the most common vending machines in Japan areTicket-vending machineAnd drinks/ices in high demand, hard to buy face-to-faceコ ン ド ー ム.

Unusual vending machine

  • The founder of the movieKinetoscopeThere was also a coin-operated one in Japan, but in Japan8 mm filmmoviesThere was a playground equipment and a vending machine for Glico.
  • い く つ か のCrepeSpecialty stores have installed vending machines. However, since it does not last long, it must be replenished and discarded every morning, and it may not be sold on the days when the parent store is closed.
  • (I.e.The only canned beer in JapanCase sellingThere are vending machines.
  • People's Republic of ChinaNanjingIsShanghai crabThere are vending machines. You can buy live crabs for 1-10 yuan, which is cheaper than the market price. The inside is kept at 50-5℃ to keep the crab fresh, and when replenishing it is checked for dead crabs. Should a dead crab come out, provide 10 live crabs free of charge[21].
  • 20111/19ToKasumigaseki StationAn apple vending machine was introduced in. It is cut to a size that is easy to eat, and you can choose with or without skin.[22].
  • Don QuixoteFor example, there is a store with a vending machine for discriminants that will engrave on the spot if you select a typeface.[23].
  • Most pachinko and pachislot stores had vending machines that purchased cigarettes and drinks with pachinko balls and medals instead of bills and coins, but since 1 yen pachinko began to spread, pachinko machines with different denominations Since many cases of illegally using balls and medals were purchased, it is rarely used at present.

Sales restrictions and installation restrictions

Some products have restrictions on vending machines. in Japan,tobacco,beerな どAlcoholic beverageFor vending machines of this type, there are restrictions on the sales time and the place of installation. In addition, the paper cup type beverage vending machine,Water supplyIt is directly connected to theHealth centerBusiness license (business of coffee shop) is required. The same applies to water vending machines installed in supermarkets in recent years. For milk and other dairy products, the business license from the public health center (dairy sales business) is still required.

Composition and structure

Constitution

In the "Dainippon Encyclopedia", the composition of the vending machine isMoney device,Pointing device(Control device),Storage/processing equipment,Vending equipmentIs described as consisting of[3].

  • Money device : A device that discriminates the authenticity of the inserted currency and sorts the denominations, counts the amount, and issues change as necessary. Also referred to as the "heart of a vending machine." It is explained that coins are checked for diameter, thickness, weight, material, etc., and bills are comprehensively discriminated by combining external elements such as vertical and horizontal dimensions with portraits, patterns, watermarks, colors of printing ink, etc. In the case of a card, check the card collation and check the amount[3].
  • Pointing device: When you select a product with the push button, the sales instruction is issued.[3].
  • Storage/processing equipment: Storage of products and processing such as cooking if necessary[3].
  • Vending equipment: Receive the sales instruction (from the indicating device) and send the selected product to the "take-out port"[3].

"20 Year History of Vending Machines" explains that the basic functions of vending machines (and the units that carry them) are mainly composed of the following:[24].

  • "Selector(Also called “acceptor” and “accepted coin”) and “Rejector"(Also called "counterfeiting"): Check the authenticity of the coins inserted and determine the type of currency.[24].
  • "changer: Sending the coefficient of input coins, sending of sales signals, discharging change, etc.[24].

Structure for delivering products to customers

There are many types depending on the item, and this is not the only vending machine.

Items with a structure in which products fall

Can and PET bottle beverage vending machines

There is a stock of products on the back of the main unit and product shelves. If you insert a coin and press a button, the electromagnetic coil inside will energize and take out the product. There is also a vending machine with a belt on the bottom that makes it easier to take out items that have been dropped. However, this belt type is a method against the gravitational force that carries an object that has fallen once again to the upper side, so there is a continuous failure from the beginning of development.

Previously, it was necessary to adjust the machine side according to the product to be sold, but recently there is also a non-adjustment mechanism that automatically performs the adjustment. With this method, even if a product is mistakenly introduced, the product is delivered without being jammed, which helps to reduce breakdowns.

In addition, a small plastic bottle container has appeared, and there is a problem that the material of the plastic bottle itself tends to be clogged at the time of loading. However, from the perspective of being able to carry it with the lid on, the demand is still growing rapidly.

Normally, in a vending machine located outdoors, the take-out port is pulled forward. This is a hygiene consideration to prevent ingress of rainwater.

Bottled beverage vending machine

There are vending machines similar to canned drinks. The mechanism is almost the same as the vending machine for canned drinks, but it has the drawback that it is easily clogged like a PET bottle. Unlike cans, the bottle does not slide sideways, but rather toward the buyer.

General-purpose vending machine

In the case of vending machines for breads and confectioneries, the front is shaped like a show window, and when you press a switch, a spiral rack that rotates the spiral rack on which the selected product is placed drops the product to the front outlet. There is. There are also buckets that pick up goods and scrape the goods on the conveyor into the bucket. These are highly versatile and are used in addition to breads and confectionery. A unique example is hospitalization.

A structure that pulls out products

Bottled beverage vending machine

Although it is rarely seen in recent years, there is also a structure in which coins are inserted and the buyer pulls out the stocked bottles. By inserting money, the product that has reached the amount of money can be unlocked and withdrawn. Prior to the spread of canned beverages, this type of beverage vending machine was the mainstream. The bottle opener is fixed on the front of the vending machine,crownIt is a mechanism that the crown comes off by hooking and lowering the bottle by the principle of leverage.In addition, the detached crown is automatically dropped into the crown holder.

Currently someDon QuijoteBesides, privately runLiquor store,Mom-and-pop candy storeTo some extent, it is rarely seen at stores such as.

In addition, a vending machine with a structure similar to that of the former bottled beverage vending machinehotelYou can see it in the refrigerator. In this case, the post-payment method is adopted. Basically, the stocker of stocked beverages has a switch, and by pulling it out, the switch works. The refrigerator has a communication function, which is detected by the computer of the accommodation facility and settled at checkout. In addition to bottled beverages, we sell a wide variety of beverages such as canned beverages according to the shape of the stocker.

A structure that opens the door and pulls out the product

It is used when selecting products that cannot be given a shock such as dropping, or when selecting various products, or when handling large products.

Items with products on the disk

The structure is such that the products are arranged on several shelves on a disk and the products are separated from each other by a partition plate. About 1 to 6 products are lined up on one disk, and the products are circulated by pressing the rotation button. When the desired product comes to the front, the release button is released, the door is opened, and the desired product is taken out. It is used to sell side dishes and snacks, potted flowers, etc. in mass cafeterias, drive-ins, student cafeterias, employee cafeterias, and the like.

Coin locker type

For unmanned sales stands for agricultural products, the front door is made of transparent resin.Coin lockerSet up a cabinet like this, put products (vegetables, fruits, eggs, etc.) inside and "pay and lock the usage fee" The idea is to reverse the idea of ​​coin lockers, "collect goods by paying the price" fee collection Taking the method. However, it is not possible to confirm the freshness of the product by hand before payment.

Multifunctional

Point addition function

There is a vending machine that has a function of adding points on a card when a product is purchased.Dy Drinco"CLUB DYDO" to add points to magnetic cards[25]There is a vending machine that has a system called. Besides,T pointThere is also a vending machine that can add.

Disaster / emergency response

In the event of a disasterCookingAs a kind of the above, the introduction of a free bend function that can provide drinks in vending machines free of charge has started. This is in the areadisasterPerson who goes home on foot, etc. when the situation arises based on the agreement between the local government and the installation company (→People who have difficulty returning home) AndWater outageBy etc.Drinking waterIt meets the urgent needs of the local residents who have been cut off, and the internal beverage can be provided free of charge by switching the internal switch manually, remotely or automatically.[26].. InsideElectronic bulletin boardThere is also a type that has been installed, it is possible to change the message via the Internet line, so that information can be provided in the event of a disaster[26].. Regarding the method of offering products, unlike normal sales, the product is only released by pressing a button without throwing money, basically,power failureIn this case, since the vending machine itself does not operate, it is difficult to provide the beverage.

However, the products in the vending machine stopped due to such a power outage may be provided to the victims by the favor of the maintenance company and the store side.Nankai Electric RailwayIs 20079/1Among the vending machines managed by the company,Namba CITYIn addition to installing 13 units with a free-bending function, the company announced that it will provide a total of about 1 beverages in stock at each store as a product in the event of a disaster.[27]..Also, as a free bend compatible model for installation in facilities other than facilities with private power generation equipment,batteryThere is also a vending machine that has an internal power supply, and when the external power supply is cut off, the beverage that consumes a lot of power is cooled and kept warm, the display lighting is stopped, and only the beverage serving function is operated.[28].

Since January 2005, a sticker with the address of the installation location has been affixed to beverage vending machines.This does not necessarily know where the caller is in an emergency, so the purpose is to convey the current location.National Firefighting CommissionStarted by asking the vending machine industry to "display the address of the vending machine"[29][30].

Automatic external defibrillator

Automatic external defibrillator The number of vending machines equipped with (AED) is also increasing.

Wireless LAN access point

Public wireless LAN access pointThe number of vending machines equipped with is increasing.Aichi Expo[31]Has been tested in and is named Free Mobile.Asahi BeverageWe are recommending the installation of a wireless router in the vending machine.

surveillance camera

TokyoAdachi-kuThen,surveillance cameraBeverage vending machine is built in to shoot the streets.Kirin Beverage Metropolitan Police DepartmentNishiarai Police StationOperates in cooperation with[32].

Problems and countermeasures

Standby power

Beverage vending machines consume a large amount of power and require as much power as a single household.Energy ConservationSince there is a problem from the perspective of, energy efficiency improvements are being continued.

On top of the casesolar panelSet up during the daySolar powerThere is also a vending machine that supplies electricity for night lighting.

Landscape problem

Light pollutionProblems andLandscapeThe negative impact on In the vending machine for a specific product, the design tends to be elaborate in terms of color and form because it also serves as an advertisement of the product, but this design may spoil the landscape. For this reason, there are vending machines that take the landscape into consideration, and in some cases they are designed to be inconspicuous when installed.

Passage obstacle

The vending machine may be installed outside the private land on a road that is a public land, which may obstruct traffic. In response to this, installers have responded to this and device manufacturers have also developed and introduced thin vending machines.

Garbage problem

Beverage vending machines have a problem that empty cans are scattered around. It is very important to improve the user's morals along with the installation and management of empty can collection boxes.

Tobacco/liquor sales

Sales of cigarettes by vending machines are regulated in almost all countries except Japan and Germany.As for liquor, it is almost only found in Japan that it is sold at vending machines in the world.[33].

In Japan, cigarettes,beerな どAlcoholic beverageThere are restrictions on the sales time and installation location of various types of vending machines. Tobacco and alcoholic beverage vending machinesNational Tax AgencyAuthorization and license are required,Adult identification vending machineFor vending machines other thanvoluntary restraintsIt has been on sale from 23:5 to XNUMX:XNUMX the next morning, and at the level of municipalities and prefectures.MunicipalitiesThe regulations often place restrictions on the installation location and sales time.

アルコール飲料の自動販売機の場合、成人識別自動販売機以外の自販機については、深夜から翌朝の間の販売停止については罰則がある。タバコの自動販売機は2008年7月以降、全部成人識別自動販売機となったことで、1996年4月1日より行っていた屋外設置のたばこ自動販売機の深夜(午後11時から午前5時まで)稼働自主規制について、2008年8月1日から解除された[34].. In addition, when the sale was stopped, all the push buttons were in the lit state of "".

Proposal was made to prohibit the installation of cigarette vending machines[35].. To address these issues, JapanWHOCigarette vending machines have been criticized by name since 2008CorporationJapan Tobacco Association(TIOJ) and otherstaspobyAdult identification vending machineThe introduction of. However, there is also the possibility of borrowing or lending the card or using it without permission. The effect of the card has been questioned because the number of guidances decreased and increased in Tanegashima, which was introduced experimentally.

For cigarette vending machines,Local tax lawAbove is from the installerJapanese tobacco industryAnd its affiliates receive orders and the location of the installer (whether a store or vending machine)MunicipalitiesAgainstMunicipal tobacco taxIs to be paid. about this,OsakaIzumisanoSome local governments,CompanyAttractionOrdinanceBased on the above, a vending machine installer handled documents that were sold in large quantities in another municipality], and manipulated documents as if ordering from a cigarette vending machine provided in only one administrative area, and received a large amount of tax revenue. It turns out. It is also known that the local government pays incentives to the traders in return. According to local tax law, there are no penalties for this kind of document manipulation,Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsSays, "It deviates from the purpose of the local tax law," and wants to conduct a fact-finding survey.[36][37].

Theft problem

When vending machines became popular, we targeted themtheftAlso appeared. Psychological barriers to theft of vending machines are low because the victim cannot see the victim's face. Theft is divided into intelligent theft that causes the machine to misidentify and violent theft that destroys the machine.

1990 eraIn the first half, even the tricks of stealing coins appeared by misusing the high frequency of a self-defense stun gun and causing the coin sorter inside the vending machine to malfunction. Currently, measures are being taken and it is impossible. In addition, various attack methods have been tried such as putting a detergent through a coin insertion slot to damage the internal circuit.

In addition, South Korea500ウ ォ ンFalsified coins500 Yen coinAbuse as事件One after another, 500 yen coinsForced to recast.. A 500 won coin, which was about one-tenth the value of a 10 yen coin at the time (issue date:19826/11) Is a 500 yen coin (issue date: 19824/1) Is only about 0.5g heavier, and the mixing ratio and outer diameter of the raw materials were the same. Therefore, if you adjust the weight by making holes or scraping the surface to the extent that it does not penetrate, the vending machine mistakenly recognized it as 500 yen. In the case of banknotes, it is not possible to insert banknotes to reduce crimeBill validatorIs installed.

For mechanical destruction, physical measures such as installing a sturdy key and door may be taken. This is only a time consuming task until it is completely destroyed, and in the meantime, the expectation is that the crime will be detected or the crime will be abandoned. In addition, at presentMobile phone-PHS-無線 LANThere is also one that has the function of managing inventory information and making an emergency call for the destruction of machines using. To prevent such criminal activity, vending machines are usually installed in places where people can see. Exceptionally, outdoor installations are widespread in Japan, which is one of the characteristics of Japan's landscape.

2000 eraEnter cash (bill-coin) Andcredit card,Cash cardSuch asForgerySince the number of bills has increased, the ability of the discriminator (banknote sensor, coin sensor) has been strengthened.

From around the 2000s, some electronic prepaid cards, and vending machines (also from around the 2010s) that only accept cashless payments on mobile phones have been installed. These also have the side effect of making it harder for thieves to get targeted by not putting money inside the vending machine. However, the cashless payment method itself is still in a hurry to spread, and at the present time, it has a demerit to drop customers who have only small change.

On the other hand,2010From around the end of the generation, theft of new tricks to steal change by giving a shock to the machine and causing the equipment to malfunction has become one after another.[38].

Supporting various payments and cashless

(Although it also serves as a measure against theft for cash) From around the 2010s, as a payment method other than cash and credit cardMobile phone,FeliCaPayment method usingCmodeAndEdy-SuicaElectronic money, such asiD,PiTaPaSuch asPost payThere is also a vending machine that pays at. Especiallyliqueur,tobaccoIn the vending machine ofElectronic moneyThe exclusive use also has the effect of preventing sales to children under the age of 20.

In China in the latter half of the 2010s, vending machines (not only manned sales)CashlessThe number of vending machines that do not accept cash has increased.

etc.

In addition to the above crimes, there have also been murder cases in the past in which bottled beverages in which the contents of sold products were replaced with poisonous substances were taken out and left in the mouth.

Main manufacturer

  • Fuji Electric -Originally, the subsidiary Fuji Electric Retail Systems (former Fuji Electric Cold Machine) was in charge, but it was merged and directly managed.Sanyo ElectricVending Machines Division (formerly Sanyo Electric Vending Machines) was acquired and made a subsidiary (Fukiage Fuji Vending Machines), and then integrated into the former Retail Systems. In addition, the business withdrew at the end of 2017KubotaAfter-sales service and succession of overseas manufacturing subsidiary[39].. No. 1 in the industry.
  • Sanden -Acquired the cup machine business of former Toshiba equipment. Independent.
  • Panasonic Industrial Equipment Systems - Panasonicsubsidiary.The organization is under the umbrella of Panasonic Appliances Company. Withdrew from manufacturing in December 2020.
  • -Former vending machine department of Shibaura Works,Shibaura MechatronicsSubsidiary of. Also of Toshiba seriesToshiba equipmentIs disbanded.
  • Glory -Old Glory Industry. Merged with sales subsidiary Glory Trading Co., Ltd. and renamed it.
  • NEC Magnus Communications - Former Toyo Communication EquipmentOf the vending machine departmentNets S eye ToyoAbsorbed and merged.NEC Group(NEC Nets SIIsubsidiary).
  • Fujitaka

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ No. 1 in Japan for beverage vending machinesFuji ElectricThere is a Mie factory, which is the manufacturing base of (vending machines and other various electric appliances for foods).
  2. ^ recent years[When?] TheDriver's licenseIt is equipped with a function that requires proof that you are over 20 years old, such as by holding down.

Source

  1. ^ Kurosaki (2012), p. 1.
  2. ^ Design classification definition card (J5) Patent Office
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Shogakukan "Venue of Vending Machine", "Encyclopedia of Japan". Written by Sado Victory.
  4. ^ Manual vending machine DF-8 (PDF) Daito Corporation
  5. ^ a b c d e 20 Year History of Vending Machines (1983), p. 20.
  6. ^ a b c d Yoshihiro Higuchi. “Technology systematization survey report "Beverage vending machine technology development systematization survey"”. Industrial Technology History Information Center. 2021/1/28Browse.
  7. ^ a b c 20 Year History of Vending Machines (1983), p. 19.
  8. ^ 20 Year History of Vending Machines (1983), p. 26.
  9. ^ a b Manufacturing that will be passed on to the next generation Part 2 – Creativity that created “automatic” Yamazaki Mazak, viewed May 2017, 5
  10. ^ 20 Year History of Vending Machines (1983), p. 21.
  11. ^ 20 Year History of Vending Machines (1983), p. 22.
  12. ^ 20 Year History of Vending Machines (1983), p. 23.
  13. ^ "America, this is the story of robot vending machines. The dullness of coin change civilization." "Asahi Shimbun" October 26, 10, 21rd page
  14. ^ 20 Year History of Vending Machines (1983), p. 5.
  15. ^ 2 National Life White Paper A rich society friendly to people Part II Technology and Life
  16. ^ a b c I can't sell even 100 yen anymore... Is there a way out for the vending machine depression? 1 / 2 Business Media Makoto 2009/11/19
  17. ^ Kanagi (2014), p. 150.
  18. ^ Cheap cash vending machine "Cash Refusal" JR Higashi is slumping Nihon Keizai Shimbun January 2015, 8
  19. ^ "Japanese standard product classification (PDF)”. Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau (June 1990). 2013/9/16Browse.
  20. ^ Available on iPod and vending machines -ITmedia News, October 2005, 10
  21. ^ Narinari dot com. "The world is paying attention to the “Shanghai Crab Vending Machine”, and the Japanese news video introduced is also a hot topic.". 2010/10/26Browse.
  22. ^ FNN News: Japan's First Cut Apple Vending Machine Appears at Kasumigaseki Station in Tokyo
  23. ^ An authentic stamp with a vending machine Every day jp Retrieved September 2013, 9.
  24. ^ a b c 20 Year History of Vending Machines (1983), p. 127.
  25. ^ CLUB DYDO -Dyed Drinco
  26. ^ a b When switching to a "disaster response" vending machine Excite News 2008/10/21
  27. ^ Nankai Electric Railway/Disaster Prevention Day Press Release (PDF)
  28. ^ Fuji Electric Retail Systems Press Release (PDF)
  29. ^ Japan Vending System Manufacturers Association "Safety Measures"
  30. ^ Address display sticker on the vending machine.How did you go about it?When has it been posted again?
  31. ^ What happens when a vending machine becomes a wireless LAN spot? ITmedia Lifestyle 2004/05/31
  32. ^ [Scope] Looking at a vending machine / For crime suppression in Adachi Ward Built-in camera Clear facial expression even at midnight"Nihon Keizai Shimbun" evening edition December 2018, 8 (social aspect) September 27, 2018 reading.
  33. ^ Maloney, Maggie (October 2019, 10). “Moet & Chandon vending machines are now available in NY!”(Japanese). Harper's BAZAAR. 2021/1/24Browse.
  34. ^ About "Release of Tobacco Vending Machines Installed Outdoors at Night", National Federation of Tobacco Sales Cooperatives
  35. ^ Achieving a tobacco-free society (PDF) Science Council of Japan March 2008, 3
  36. ^ Izumisano City, Osaka One cigarette vending machine with tax revenue of 1 billion yen. Sankei Shimbun March 2009, 11
  37. ^ Cigarette tax revenue, 1 billion yen for one vending machine Asahi Shimbun November 2009, 11
  38. ^ [Original] Vending machine trolls, new tricks... XNUMX cities, malfunctions due to shock Steal change Yomiuri Shimbun May 2019, 12
  39. ^ Notice Regarding Withdrawal from Vending Machine Business(Kubota Co., Ltd. September 2017, 9, browsed September 12, 2017)

References

Related item

"LolThere is a thing called "Picking up coins under vending machine" in the article.
Times to challenge 1000 yen vending machines are broadcast irregularly.
Just try the 1000 yen vending machinecornerExists.

外部 リンク

Coin laundry

Coin laundry(British: coin laundry,British: self-service laundry,coin wash,Rice: laundromat,British: launderette,laundrette) Is providedWashing machineThe user himself usingWashingA store in the form of

Installed washing machineDryer,Furthermoredetergent Ofvending machineetccoin(coin) Can be used.

Overview

The format isvending machineIt is the same as the unmanned store by, but the installation location isWashingDue to the nature of the "product" provided, a certain amount of water supply and drainage equipment is required, and for dryers.City Gas,propane gasAndkeroseneboilerIt is necessary to prepare a heat source such as.Therefore, it is easy to secure these water supply and drainage facilities and heat sources in urban areas.Public bathIn some cases, a washing machine or dryer may be installed by remodeling a corner, or in a coin laundry.shower roomMay be attached.

セ ル フ サ ー ビ スBecause of that, the price per laundry is alsoCleaning industryIt is extremely cheap compared to the above, and is used by singles and students who have less laundry.

JapanThen,1953ToSanyo ElectricLaunched a jet-type electric washing machine in the popular price range[1][2]"Rental laundry machine (cultural laundry)" which can be said to be the predecessor of coin laundry[3]A joint electric washing machine shop called has appeared.1966ToToshibaReleased a two-layer washing machine that can also dehydrate electrically.1960 eraFrom then on, gradually general家庭It became widespread in Japan.Later, a dryer that dries the laundry after washing was released, and a washer / dryer that performs from washing to drying with one unit was also released, but both are in the price range equal to or higher than the washing machine and are essential items. The character is thin, and it is not widely used in the same line as washing machines.One of the big selling points of a coin laundry is that you can use the dryer once for a hundred yen.Especially(I.e.,rainy seasonDifficult to wash due to climatic problems such as(I.e.Even in some areas, the utility value of dryers that dry laundry in a few tens of minutes is great, and especially when the dryer cannot be purchased or installed due to household circumstances, these coin laundry dryers are useful.

In addition, household washing machines are not very large due to the problem of installation space.But doubleblanketIf it is necessary to wash such items, it may exceed the performance of a household washing machine.Even in such cases, a coin laundry equipped with a large washing machine and dryer is used.[† 1].1970 eraAlthough it showed a certain increase in the metropolitan areas since then,1990 eraSince then, the number of single-person residents has tended to increase even in local cities, and many small-scale unmanned stores have been created with them as customers.There are also stores that offer a service called drop off, in which a clerk acts on behalf of the customer for laundry.

1980 eraSince then, the influx of people into urban areas has increased as urban convenience has improved.Apartment,ApartmentIn Japan, where etc. tend to increaseStudio apartmentMany people live in or in apartments, but the washing machine is a motornoiseThere are circumstances that make it difficult to operate at midnight when the loud vibration noise is likely to reverberate.For this reason, even a single person who owns a washing machine may use a coin laundry.In addition, in studio condominiums, there are cases where tenants of the same format are on the first floor for the convenience of residents.business hotel,capsule hotel, Or even cheap hotels have these facilities for medium- to long-term residents.

Overseas (especially Western countries), each household cannot have a washing machine (space to put it) due to construction regulations such as landscape protection and protection of historic buildings (new construction, rebuilding, remodeling, etc.). In many cases, the building cannot withstand its weight, etc.), and these reasons are also pushing up the demand for coin laundry.In these places, there are stores that only have a large number of washing machines for general households instead of the large equipment below.Since there are many unsafe places where the laundry being washed is often stolen, customers need to keep an eye on the laundry until the laundry is finished, and they go to the store for that customer.Wi-FiMany stores also have rental video services.

The usage pattern is not limited to daily laundry for singles and households without a washing machine, but when there are many children and families and the laundry cannot keep up with the drying, only the dryer is used. It is often used for washing and drying large items, and for saving clothing taken out of home by travelers and truck drivers who use it while traveling.

Some stores have shoe washing machines installed.When using it, etiquette such as removing soil and heavy dirt as much as possible before washing is required so as not to cause a malfunction due to soil clogging.

In recent years, in addition to the traditional small coin laundry (washing / drying capacity: less than 10 kg) mainly for singles as mentioned above, a comparison that sells washing and drying large clothes, blankets, futons, etc. Large-scale coin-operated laundry machines (washing / drying capacity: over 20 kg) are becoming more common in suburban areas.Also,motorizationIn modern Japan, which has advanced to a high degree, private cars are mainly used as a means for customers to carry a large amount of laundry and blankets to the coin laundry by themselves, so the requirements for suburban coin laundry stores are ten ordinary cars. A scale that allows simultaneous parking around the tableParking LotA set of store space with a scale of several tens of tsuboRoadside store,convenience storeWill be almost the same as.In addition, the structure where one side of the convenience store is covered with glass makes it easy to check the usage status of washing machines and dryers because the inside can be easily seen from the outside of the store, and it is also for crime prevention in unmanned stores that are open 24 hours a day. It is also excellent in terms of measures.For this reason, there are many cases in the suburbs where coin-operated laundry machines are opened by slightly remodeling vacant buildings and stores after the withdrawal of convenience stores.

There are many places to install it, such as annexed public baths, along streets with heavy traffic, around stations, and shopping streets, but depending on demand, it may be located in a corner of a residential area.

In this way, coin laundry is often used not only for convenience stores but also for existing idle store spaces such as vacant tenants that have withdrawn from small stores, so in general, equipment such as washing machines and dryers are already available. The store door of the product is designed to be sized so that it can be passed through without breaking, and it is designed on the assumption that even large equipment such as a dryer can be divided into several parts and carried into the store for assembly. ..

Japan's first coin laundry was in May 1966 (Showa 42)TokyoKita OfPublic bathWhat was installed in "Kaga Bath"[4][5].

How to Use

Washing
fundamentallyセ ル フ サ ー ビ スTherefore, users have their own laundry and coins.[† 2]Prepare.
Detergents vary from store to store, and can be broadly divided into two patterns.
  1. Purchase detergent from the built-in vending machine or bring your own detergent.
  2. The washing machine is equipped with a function to automatically add detergent and fabric softener, and the price includes the detergent fee, so there is no need to prepare detergent.OrElectrolyzed water,Alkaline ionized waterThere are also models and stores that do not require detergent by using the water for washing.[6].
Some stores can use fabric softener, some cannot, and some stores have a washing machine that automatically inserts fabric softener (some stores prohibit bringing in detergents and fabric softener due to the automatic loading function).
Put the laundry in the washing machine, if you need to put the detergent yourself, put the detergent in, put the specified fee in the coin slot of the washing machine, and the washing machine will automatically lock the laundry slot. And start.There is also a type that starts when you press the start button to start washing after paying the fee.
in recent yearsprepaid cardThere is also a coin-operated laundry system, where you purchase a card from a prepaid card vending machine using banknotes in advance, and insert the card into the washing machine.Currently, the prepaid card method is an option for each manufacturer.The merit is that fixed customers can be repeated, cash can be collected at one card vending machine, and it is convenient without coin clogging, but the initial investment is about 200 million to 250 million at suburban stores, so the current situation is so widespread. I haven't.However, it is expected to become widespread in the future.It is very good from the management's point of view if it is possible to manage the store, deal with customers, etc. online now, and manage sales while staying at home.From a side business perspective, this system is expected to become widespread in the future.
Washing while the washing machine is in operation ...DehydrationIt is fully automatic, and it takes several tens of minutes to complete the entire process.There is nothing special to do during that time, so I have to finish other tasks during that time.Public bathIf it is attached to the store, you can take a bath, watch TV / radio programs in the rest space provided in the store, read a book, etc.ゲームThere are many users who do.Some washing machines do not open the lid during operation, depending on the equipment.[† 3], From a running washing machineSteal clothing such as women's underwearSince incidents have occurred, you need to be careful when you leave the coin laundry.In particular, if you leave the laundry in the laundry even after washing, it will easily bother other users and you will be vulnerable to the above-mentioned clothing theft.in recent yearssurveillance cameraInstallation store (Security companyMost of them are managed)theftAlthough the damage has decreased to some extent, it is forbidden to be alert.Please note that laundry that has been left in the washing machine or dryer for a long time (leaved) may be taken out by a coin laundry clerk or a patrol staff.
Recently, like the dryer described later, it is a large one (futon, Many thick items such as blankets), or to handle items that are too largeDrum type washing machineMay be installed.
(I.e.
After washing, you can take the laundry home and dry it in your room, but if you want to dry it, put the laundry in the drum of the dryer installed separately and pay the specified fee to operate the dryer.[† 4]..The dryer can be operated for longer than the specified time for an additional fee, so if the amount of laundry is large or the drying condition is unsatisfactory, an additional fee will be added at the appropriate time to extend the use.As with the washing machine, leaving the laundry after drying carries the risk of inconvenience to others and theft.In the case of coin laundry, a gas clothes dryer is used, and compared to household electric clothes dryers,CalorieIs very high (5 to 30 times), so it can be dried quickly and fluffy.
In the case of a gas dryerMachine oilEtc. are attachedChemical fiberIt is necessary to read the precautions in advance because the clothing in which is used may cause a fire.

change

In recent years, targeting busy peopleWebsite,E-mailA coin-operated laundry that allows you to know the availability of facilities at the same time has also appeared.In some cases, it is attached to other facilities, such as convenience stores as well as public baths.gas station, On the highwayParking area[7],pachinkoIt can also be seen when it is attached to a store.In these cases, the inside of the coin laundry can be seen from inside the facility, so it is less likely to be stolen, and there are conveniences such as vending machines for food and drink and ample rest areas.

On the contrary, mainly coin laundry, cafes andPetWashing area, play space for toddlers,Delivery box,massage chairThere is also an example of trying to attract customers and increase profitability by installing such as[8].

In addition, the automation of washing machines has progressed, and there are models that can dry laundry with one washing machine.インターネットCorresponding coin laundry also offers a service to notify the end of washing by e-mail.

On the other hand, on the side where the coin laundry is installed,FranchiseSome companies are developing their business by the method, and not only mechanical equipment such as washing machines, but also store interiors and sales strategies are provided to those who wish to open the store.In some cases, the coin laundry equipment manufacturer itself is engaged in this franchisor business.

In addition, the store management of such a coin laundryOffice workerAs a side job such asRental real estateAlong with "investmentIs also the target of[9]..However, as is the case with other industries, the equipment maker franchisor has shown an overly lenient profit outlook to those who wish to open the store, or recommends excessive equipment introduction, so sales will not increase after the opening. You may have a deficit[10].

It is ideal to operate in areas with a large number of singles, especially in densely populated areas of apartments and condominiums, but on the other hand, these stores, which have begun to expand into residential areas, use large washing machines and dryers to differentiate themselves from laundry at home. Cases can also be seen, and inside is equipped with a large washer / dryer that can wash comforters, which is caused by comforters that are difficult to wash at home.House dustThere are also places that claim mitigation[† 5].

Electronic moneyDemonstration experiments are underway.If you put in the laundry, close the door, and then read the electronic money, the usage fee will be deducted.At the same time, the door is locked and washing begins.After washing, the door is unlocked and the laundry can be taken out by reading the same electronic money as at the start.By not handling cash in the store, you can prevent theft of cash and laundry that destroys coin boxes.consumption taxThere are great advantages such as easy changes in prices due to tax rate revisions.Deposits to electronic money are closeconvenience store,Railway station,credit cardDo it with.40% share of commercial washer / dryerTOSEIWill be the first in JapanCredit card transactionAnd variousElectronic moneyA payment machine that supports multi-payment by[11].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ However, depending on the storeDo not wash blankets or beddingIn some cases, there are restrictions on the use of equipment, so it is necessary to pay attention to the rules when using it.
  2. ^ Some stores have a money changer and some do not, so it's best to carry small change if possible.
  3. ^ The drum type is for danger prevention and water leakage prevention.
  4. ^ Depending on the season, such as during the rainy season, only the dryer is often used.
  5. ^ Franchisor companies of these chain stores said, "The needs for services that can reduce the burden of housework for double-income and child-rearing households have increased rapidly in recent years, and not only single men but also women are in high demand." Are[9].

Source

  1. ^ "Showa Mainichi: Launched the first domestically produced jet-type washing machine". Daily jp (February 1953, 8). As of February 28, 2017オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2018/1/1Browse.
  2. ^ Minoru Terada (August 2002). “You can't make a washing machine without knowing the local culture". Mizkan Water Culture Center. Bulletin "Water Culture" No. 11.As of August 2018, 1オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2018/1/1Browse.
  3. ^ If Sazae-san declares "I want to go to work!" ... A skit class of laughter and discovery - withnews
  4. ^ "Products of the time / new products (1966)". Advertising business chronology. Dentsu.As of August 2011, 12オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2012/12/20Browse.
  5. ^ Bulletin board in Kaga Bath
  6. ^ "Detergent-free laundry evolution system wash-plus President Takanashi”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun (May 2018, 2). 2018/3/28Browse.
  7. ^ "Facility / Service Guide> Shower Station”. West Nippon Expressway Service Holdings. 2018/3/28Browse.
  8. ^ “Various coin laundry facilities and cafes for pets”. Sankei Shimbun morning edition(July 2018, 2). http://www.sankei.com/life/news/180219/lif1802190014-n1.html 
  9. ^ a b “Is a coin laundry investment really profitable?”. PRESIDENT Online(July 2018, 8). https://president.jp/articles/-/25897 2020/8/6Browse. 
  10. ^ "Instant death attack from the first year, hell seen in coin laundry investment". Rakumachi Real Estate Investment Newspaper(July 2019, 11). https://www.rakumachi.jp/news/column/250125 2020/8/6Browse. 
  11. ^ "Centralized settlement system TSC-100 | TOSEI Corporation”(Japanese). www.tosei-corporation.co.jp. 2020/6/12Browse.

Related item

Manufacturer of washing machines and dryers for coin laundry
  • TOSEI(Tosei) --Commercial washer / dryer manufacturer (commercial washer / dryer share 40%)
  • Aqua - Sanyo ElectricThe commercial washing machine business inherited from is being developed under the AQUA brand.The market share of commercial washing machines has been the highest since the Sanyo era.
  • Electrolux
  • Alliance Laundry Systems (en: Alliance Laundry Systems) --Developing brands such as Huebsch and Speed ​​Queen

外部 リンク


 

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