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🧳 | Chugoku Expressway / Chugoku Toyonaka IC-Takarazuka IC closed at night March 3st-1th


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Closed at night between Chugoku Expressway / Chugoku-Toyonaka IC and Takarazuka IC March 3-1

 
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The company is requesting users to detour to the Shin-Meishin Expressway and Route 176 during closed hours.
 

NEXCO West Japan is between the Chugoku-Toyonaka Interchange (IC) and Takarazuka IC on the Chugoku Expressway, from the night of March 3st to the 1th ... → Continue reading

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Meishin Expressway

Meishin Expressway(Meishin Expressway, MEISHIN EXPRESSWAY)AichiKomaki City OfKomaki interchange Starting from (IC)Gifu,Shiga,Kyoto,OsakaTheviaToothHyogoNishinomiya OfNishinomiya ICLeading tohighway(Highway national road). Known asMeishin Expressway(Meishin Expressway, MEISHIN EXPWY),Famous god(Meishin),Shinmeishin ExpresswayEspecially when distinguishing fromOld Meishin-Current MeishinSuch. Komaki IC- Suita Junction (JCT)Asia Highway Line 1It is also designated as "AH1".

Highway numberingThe route number inTomei ExpresswayBoth "E1Is assigned[1].

Overview

Tomei Expressway-Shin-Tomei Expressway-Chuo Expressway-Ise Gulf Expressway-Shinmeishin Expressway-Higashi Meihan Expressway-Meihan National Highway-Nishi-Meihan ExpresswayWithTokyo-Nagoya-OsakaIt is one of the aortas of Japan that connects the two. The route is almostNakasendoIt is being built along.

Komaki ICIt is directly connected to the Tomei Expressway (Tomei) and has a structure that allows direct access without changing lanes, merging, or branching.ICNumber andKm postAlsoTokyo ICBecause it is a passage from, it is practically one together with TomeihighwayIt is sometimes called "Tomei Shin" because it is regarded as "Tomei God".

Ritto IC - Amagasaki IC (71.7 km) Is1963(Showa38 years)7/16Japan's first intercityhighwayIt is a section opened as[2].1965(40)7/1Komaki IC --- With the opening of the Ichinomiya IC, the entire line was opened.Japan Highway Public CorporationAfter managing2005(Heisei17 years)10/1からYokaichi ICOn the east side of the borderCentral Japan Expressway(NEXCO Central Japan) is on the west sideWest Japan ExpresswayIt is managed by (NEXCO West Japan).

Road name / route name

Meishin ExpresswayIs the road name (common name) of Komaki IC-Nishinomiya IC[3].. The official route names based on the National Highway Law are from Tokyo to Kanagawa and Yamanashi prefectures.NaganoDesignated as a route to Hyogo prefecture via Gifu prefecture, Aichi prefecture, Shiga prefecture, Kyoto prefecture, Osaka prefectureChuo Expressway Nishinomiya Line(TokyoSuginami --Nishinomiya City, Hyogo Prefecture), and the Meishin Expressway is a part of it.[3].

On the national expressway "highwayOnly Tomei / Meishin and Shin-Tomei / Shin-Meishin use the name. By the time the term "motorway" began to be used in the process of planning and constructing these roads, it was already widely referred to as the "expressway" in the private sector.Popular nameWas used and generally established, so it was exceptionally adopted.[4][Annotation 1].

IC number

現在のIC番号は、東名高速道路の東京ICからの通し番号であるが、開通当初の名神高速道路では西宮から小牧に向かって、西宮=1、尼崎=2、豊中=3、茨木=4、京都南=5 (5A/5B)、京都東=6、大津=7、栗東=8、八日市=9、彦根=10、関ケ原=11、大垣=12、一宮=13、小牧=14であった。このあたりのことは、運転免許更新時に配布されるRoad Safety AssociationThe remnants can be seen in the list of signs in the published traffic textbooks.1968It was changed to the current IC number in line with the opening of the Tomei Expressway in (43).[5].

The reason why the IC number was assigned in this way is that the Komaki IC is directly connected to the Meishin Expressway as a result of the delay in determining the main route between Tokyo and Nagoya (decision to construct the Tomei Expressway) due to historical reasons. This is because the detailed decision on the installation of each IC / JCT on the Tomei Expressway was not in time for the Meishin Expressway to start operation, so the IC number had to be tentatively assigned within the Meishin Expressway. From such a thing,1968(43)4At the same time as the Tomei Expressway was put into service, it was reassigned to the current IC number. Also,Suita ICEven though he didn't even have an initial installation plan[Annotation 2]The reason why the IC number (35) does not have a branch number is that the Suita IC was decided to be installed before the details of each IC / JCT of the Tomei Expressway were decided.[Annotation 3].

Relationship with Shin-Meishin Expressway

ParallelShinmeishin Expressway(New Meishin) is different from MeishinYokkaichi JCT- Kusatsu JCTTheTokaidoFollow the route.

Of the new godsKameyama JCT - Kusatsu Tagami IC 2008(20)2/23Partially opened in.Toyota JCT --At Kusatsu JCTIsewangan Expressway ――Tomei Expressway ――If you go through the Shin-Meishin Expressway, it will be 34 km / about 20 minutes shorter than the conventional Tomei / Meishin Expressway.

Long near the Meishin Sekigahara ICSlopeAnd bad weather (in winter)SnowfallEtc.)Traffic jam,ACCIDENTWas occurring frequently. In addition, it snows strongly between the Meishin Yokaichi IC and the Ogaki IC.chainApproximately 8% of cars traveling east of Toyota in Aichi prefecture and west of Kusatsu in Shiga prefecture have shifted to Shin-Meishin Expressway due to restrictions.[6].. Tokyo / Nagoya via Tomei / Meishin- Keihanshin OfExpress Bus("Dream”, Etc.), the conversion to the new Meishin is remarkable.

For this reason, in Meishin, Ichinomiya ICYonehara JCTWhile traffic congestion in the vicinity will decrease, on the Higashi-Meihan RoadYokkaichi IC ――The traffic jam at Kameyama JCT was getting worse,2019(31)3/17ToShin-Yokkaichi JCT - Kameyama Nishi JCTHas been opened, so the traffic congestion in this section has been resolved.[7].. The new Meishin is currently the entire section that has not been opened (Otsu JCT - Joyo JCT,Yawata Kyotanabe JCT - Takatsuki JCT) Is under construction.

Interchange etc.

  • The background color of the IC number field isFor the part that is, the section where the road is in service is shown. The background color of the facility name column isThe part that is indicates that the facility is not in service or is not completed. The name of the unopened section is a tentative name.
  • Smart interchange (SIC) is the background colorIndicate.
  • If there is no special mention of the route nameMunicipal road.
  • bus stop Of the (BS), ○ / ● are in operation and ◆ are inactive facilities. No mark is BS.
  • The abbreviation is ICInterchange, JCTJunction, SAservice area, PAParking areaAre shown respectively.
  • IC number,Km post TheTomei ExpresswayIt is from the Tokyo IC.
IC
number
Name of facilityConnecting route nameTokyo
から
(km)
BSAt the beginning of opening
IC number
RemarksLocation
E1 Tomei ExpresswayShizuoka-TokyoDirection (from Komaki JCT)E19Chuo ExpresswayNagano-YamanashiContact the direction)
24Komaki ICNational Route 41(Nano Bypass
Japanese Urban Expwy Sign 0011.svg Nagoya Expressway No. 11 Komaki Line
346.714AichiKomaki City
-Iwakura BS-350.7-Iwakura
-Owari Ichinomiya PA-353.2
352.4
-0.8 km off the vertical lineIchinomiya
25Ichinomiya ICNational Route 22(Nagi Bypass
Japanese Urban Expwy Sign 0016.svg Nagoya Expressway No. 16 Ichinomiya Line Nagoyaaspect
355.013
25-1Ichinomiya JCTE41 Tokai Hokuriku Expressway
Ichinomiya West Port Road(Planned route
359.4--
-Onishi BS-362.9-
-Hashima PA /BS-366.0-PA is only for the down line Nishinomiya ICGifuHashima
25-2Gifu Hashima ICPrefectural Road No. 46 Gifu Hashima Inter Line368.1-
-Ampachi BS-371.3-Anpachi-gun
Anpachi Town
25-3Anpachi SIC[8]Town Road South Nagatabono Route 1371.6-
26Ogaki IC / BSNational Route 258374.912Ogaki
26-1Yoro JCTC3 Tokai Ring Expressway379.2--Yoro-gun
Yoro Town
-Yoroguchi BS-379.6-
26-2Yoro SA / SICTown road Hashizume Route 1
Town road Hashizume Route 42, town road Yasuku Hashizume Route 1
381.7-
-Kamiishizu PA-388.1--Down line Nishinomiya IC only
Abolished on December 2001, 13
Ogaki
27Sekigahara ICNational Route 365389.411Fuwa county
Sekigahara Town
-Shandong BS-396.8-ShigaMaibara
-Ibuki PA-398.0
398.8
-0.8 km off the vertical line
-Maibara BS-403.7-
27-1Yonehara JCTE8 Hokuriku Expressway405.5--
-Bamba PA-405.8-Down line Nishinomiya IC only
1975(Showa50 years) abolished
28Hikone IC /BSNational Route 306413.410Hikone
-Taga SA / BS /SICNational Route 307(plans)418.0SIC is scheduled to start operation in 2022[9]Inukami DistrictTaga Town
-Kora PA / BS-421.3Abolished on December 2005, 17Kora Town
28-1Koto Sanzan PA /BS /SICPrefectural Road 344 Koto Miyama Inter Line
National Route 307
424.6
424.3
0.3 km off the vertical lineAichi-gun
Aisyo-cho
-Hyakusaiji BS-428.2Higashiomi City
29Yokaichi IC / BSNational Route 421
Prefectural Road 327 Koto Yokaichi Line
434.69
-Kuromaru PA /SIC-438.0SIC is a preparatory stage survey[10]
-Gamo BS-440.4
29-1Gamo SICPrefectural Road 41 Tsuchiyama Gamo Omihachiman Line
Meishin Meihan connecting road(Survey section
441.2-
-Ryuo BS-443.6Gamo-gun
Ryuo Town
29-2Ryuo ICNational Route 477447.2
-Bodaiji PA / BS-451.7
451.9
0.2 km off the vertical lineHunan
29-3Ritto Konan ICNational Route 1(Ritto Mizuguchi Road457.0-Entrance to OsakaRitto City
30Ritto IC /BSNational Route 8
Nosu Kurito Bypass(During business)
National Route 1
Prefectural Road No. 55 Kamitoyama Kamito Line
458.28
-Kusatsu BS-461.7-Kusatsu City
30-1Kusatsu JCTE1A Shin-Meishin Expressway Otsu connecting road464.4-
-Kusatsu PA-465.6-
Otsu City
30-2Seta Higashi JCT/ICE88 Keiji Bypass
National Route 1(Keiji Bypass <General Department>
467.5-Maibara / Nagoya area entrance
Seta Nishi BS
Seta Nishi IC

Prefectural Road 57 Seta Nishi Inter Line
469.0
469.1

-
Entrance / exit for Kyoto / Osaka
31Otsu IC/SA/BSPrefectural Road No. 56 Otsu Inter Line474.67
32Kyoto East ICPrefectural Road 143 Shinomiya Yotsuzuka Line(Sanjo-dori
National Route 1(Gojo Bypass
National Route 161(Nishiotsu Bypass
477.96KyotoKyoto CityYamashina
-Yamashina BS-481.0-
-Fukakusa BS-486.0-Fushimi Ward
-Kyoto Minami JCTE89 Daini Keihan Road(During business)487.2--2028Degree (Reiwa 10th year) scheduled to open[11]
33Kyoto Minami ICNational Route 1(Keihan Kokudo487.65Entrance / down line exit
33-25BUp line exit 2
33-1488.05AUp line exit 1
-Katsuragawa PA-490.4-South ward
33-3Mt. Ooyamazaki JCT/IC / BSE9 Kyoto Transit Expressway(Kyoto second outer ring road
E88 Mt. Ooyamazaki branch line (Keiji BypassDirection)
National Route 171
495.7-Left routeOtokuni-gun
Mt. Ooyama Sakimachi
-Sakurai PA-503.4--Abolished in March 1998OsakaMishima
Shimamoto
11Takatsuki JCT / ICE1A Shinmeishin Expressway
Prefectural Road 79 Fushimi Yanagiya Takatsuki Line(Takatsuki East Road)
504.0--Meishin Branch-Distance between New Meishin Branch 1.4 km[Annotation 4]Takatsuki
-Takatsuki BS-506.3-
34Ibaraki IC / BSNational Route 171511.74Ibaraki City
35Suita JCT/ICE2A Chinese motorway Okayama-Hiroshimaaspect
E26 Kinki Expressway Nara-和 歌 山aspect
Prefectural Road No. 2 Osaka Central Circular Route
514.5-Chinese roadConnects only to KyotoSuita City
-Suita SA-517.8-
-Suita BS-521.2-
36Toyonaka IC /BSHanshin Urban Expwy Sign 0011.svg Hanshin Expressway No. 11 Ikeda Line Toyonaka South Entrance
Prefectural Road No. 10 Osaka Ikeda Line
524.53Toyonaka City
37Amagasaki ICPrefectural Road No. 13 Amagasaki Ikeda Line529.42HyogoAmagasaki
38Nishinomiya ICHanshin Urban Expwy Sign 0003.svg Hanshin Expressway No.3 Kobe Line Kobe-Himejiaspect
National Route 43
536.21Toll boothKm postIs 535.5KPNishinomiya
Meishin Gulf Contact Line(Candidate route

History

Planning / construction

The flow of road maintenance promotion in postwar Japan became a businessman and later a member of the House of Councilors.Seiichi TanakaIt was the National Land Development Transit Expressway concept led by the above, but as a parallel movement,Ministry of ConstructionAlso, based on the prewar motorway concept, the Tokyo-Kobe Expressway plan was started.[12].

Around 1953 (Showa 28), the Ministry of Construction assumed the Tokaido route as the Tokyo-Nagoya highway plan for the Chuo Expressway route based on the Tanaka-led National Land Development Transit Expressway concept began to take shape. Published the "Tokyo-Kobe Toll Road Plan"[13].. Since then, the controversy over the construction route, "Tokaido or Chuo Expressway," has gradually intensified.[14],Japanese GovernmentWill limit the section to be implemented for the time being between Nagoya and Kobe, make the plan a toll road, and provide a loanWorld BankDecided to ask[12].

In 1956 (Showa 31), the World Bank dispatched a research team headed by Ralph J. Watkins to investigate the feasibility of the Meishin Expressway.Watkins Report』, After advocating the construction of the Meishin Expressway, affirmed that the World Bank would lend a part of the construction cost, and recommended the Government of Japan to reform the road administration. There was a recommendation to triple the road budget[12].. Borrowings from the World Bank had a long and stable borrowing period and low interest rates at that time.[15].

The system of constructing and repaying by borrowing instead of national expense was the beginning of toll road construction by the road corporation method.[15].

Initially, the design plan for the Meishin Expressway was carried out independently in Japan, based on the standards of the American Turnpike (toll road) and Interstate Highway (interstate road).AutobahnAlso served as a design engineerKusahel DorshAs a design engineer for the Meishin ExpresswayJapan Highway Public CorporationWithin, the design method changed drastically according to Dorsh's teachings.[16].

Dorsh's recommendation, dispatched by the World Bank and to Japan as a design consultant, is to harmonize with the surrounding terrain in the linear design of highways.Clothoid curveOr adopt[Annotation 5][17], The interchange plan that had been designed up to that point was changed to a large-scale style, which changed the Japanese method that had no experience in highway design.[18].

In October 1957 (Showa 32), the Ministry of Construction issued a construction order to the Japan Highway Public Corporation for the Komaki-Nishinomiya section based on the provisions of the National Land Development Transit Expressway Construction Law, and construction of the Meishin Expressway began. Was done[19].. With this start of constructionJapanese highwayIs off to a start.

at that time,pavement TheconcretePavement was common, but with concrete pavementasphaltAsphalt pavement will be introduced on the Meishin Expressway after a comparative study of economic efficiency, durability, comfort, etc. with pavement.[20].

EarthworkThen, we introduced mechanized construction in earnest and established performance regulations for the first time in addition to construction regulations.[20]. Also,EmbankmentCross slope[Annotation 6]After trial and error,machineIt is set to 1: 1.8, which allows rolling by, and is still the standard cross slope.[20].

tunnelIn the construction of traditionally woodenSupportWas used,GeologyThe Kajiwara Tunnel and Tennozan Tunnel, which are badly affected by large earth pressure, are the first in Japan.H-section steelIntroduced[20].archWith the introduction of support, large machines can be introduced, and safety and efficiency have been greatly improved.[20].

Various other technologies were born by the construction of the Meishin Expressway, and are evolving and connected to the present.[20].

Opening

Tokaido ShinkansenThe Meishin Expressway on July 1963, 38, the year before its opening. Ritto IC - Amagasaki ICThe opening of the interval (71.7 km) isJapanese highwayIt was the birth of the first highway in the history of its opening.The situation where a car runs on the road at 100 km / h is a big news that makes the world excited.[2], The day before7/15At face value 10 to commemorate the opening of the Meishin ExpresswayYen OfCommemorative stampWas issued[21].

From Ritto IC in April 1964 (Showa 39)Sekigahara ICIn September, the Ichinomiya IC on the east side and the Nishinomiya IC on the west side will open. 9年(昭和1965年)40月7日には、小牧IC - 一宮IC開通によって名神高速道路の小牧IC - 西宮ICの全線が完成し、これまで名古屋 - 阪神地域間の移動に自動車で1 - 5時間を要した時間が、6時間程で結ばれることになりOn July 2, XNUMX (Showa XNUMX), the entire Komaki IC --Ichinomiya IC opened and the entire line of the Komaki IC --Nishinomiya IC on the Meishin Expressway was completed. The time that took XNUMX hours will be connected in about XNUMX hours[2], Nagoya-Keihanshin made it possible to travel by car on a day trip.

Since the expressway itself was a tourist attraction when it first opened,ShoulderBox lunchEat and sprintAutomobileThere are now some quiet episodes, such as watching and taking a commemorative photo.[22].. On the other hand, of the automobile at that timePerformanceWas unable to withstand high-speed continuous driving, and the driver was unfamiliar with high-speed driving.overheat,Out of gasA series of cars got stuck in. It is recorded that there were 10 broken cars due to overheating and other problems in the first 573 days alone.[23].Standing wave phenomenon,Hydroplaning phenomenonKnowledge about tires in the high-speed range, such as, has not yet penetrated in general, so about thesepublic relationsActivities have also begun to take place.

Also, as soon as it was fully opened, it appeared at the same time.Toyota OfPassenger car,Toyopet Corona (RT40 series)But to showcase its performance and durabilityCampaignAs a result, we conducted a "10 km continuous high-speed driving public test" between Komaki and Nishinomiya (58 round trips in 276 days) and others.JNR highway bus exclusive vehicleAt the time of development, 100 km / h20 km continuous running in Japan was an issue, and each manufacturer was required to do so.[Annotation 7].

For the Tokyo-Nagoya section, which continues as a highway network,TokaidoBy routeDaiichi Tokai Expressway(Tomei Expressway) was built before the Chuo Expressway,1969With the opening of the entire Tomei Expressway in May, the section between Tokyo and NishinomiyaHighway national roadIt was directly connected with.Chuo Expressway Nishinomiya Lineas,1972(Showa 47) Komaki JCT opened in October,1982(Showa 57) DecemberKatsunuma IC - Kofu Showa ICWith the opening, all lines were opened.

The Meishin Expressway was opened before the Tomei Expressway in this way, but this was decided in advance.Tokyo - KobeAmongChuo ExpresswayIn constructionNagoyaEastTokaidoRoute (= currentTomei Expressway)WhenNakasendo-Koshu HighwayRoute (= currentChuo Expressway) Because it was violently rubbed depending on which one to build.[24].

Therefore, by constructing the Nagoya-Nishinomiya section, which had already reached an agreement on the construction route, before the settlement was reached.[Annotation 8]Aiming for early opening[24].. In the end, both sides continued to insist on their own ideas without abandoning them.Japan Highway Public CorporationTook the curtain to build both Tomei and Chuo[24].

Chronological Table

  • 1958(33)
  • 1959(34)
    • April: "Amagasaki-Ritto" is designated as the construction subject to the World Bank's first loan.[29][Annotation 9].
    • October: Meishin Expressway Laboratory in KyotoHigashiyama WardCompleted in Yamashina (currently Yamashina Ward at that time)[32][33].
  • 1960(35)
    • 3/17 : Signing of the first loan with the World Bank[29] (Amagasaki-Ritto) 4000 millionUSD, Interest rate: 6.25%, Period: 23 years (Deferred period: 3 years).
    • 7/4 : Kansai University accepts arbitration proposal with tunnel type passing part on Senriyama campus[34].
  • 1961(36)
    • February: Conflict between Road Corporation and Kansai University reignites over change of construction method in Senriyama (tunnel type → one-sided opening structure)[35].
    • 11/29 : Signing of the second loan with the World Bank (between Ichinomiya-Ritto, Amagasaki-Nishinomiya) 2 million USD, interest rate: 4,000%, period: 5.75 years (deferred period: 26 years).
  • 1962(Showa 37) June 6: Minister of Construction, President of Road Corporation, and President of Kansai University agree to add compensation of 16 million yen for change of construction method in Senriyama[36].
  • 1963(38)7/16 : Japan's firstHighwayRitto IC-Amagasaki IC, which became the construction section of[37].
  • 1964(39)
    • 4/12 : Sekigahara IC-Ritto IC opened.
    • 9/6 : Ichinomiya IC --Sekigahara IC, Amagasaki IC --Nishinomiya IC opened.
  • 1965(40)7/1 : Komaki IC --With the opening of Ichinomiya ICAll lines opened[37].
  • 1968(43)4/25 : TomeiOkazaki IC --Connected to Tomei by opening Komaki IC.
  • 1970(45)3/1 : Connected to Kinki Expressway and Chugoku Expressway by opening Suita JCT / IC.
  • 1975(50): Bamba PA abolished due to the construction of Maibara JCT[38].
  • 1978(53)10/2 : SuddencurveAbolished a part of the section between Sekigahara IC and Hikone IC, which was an accident-prone area due to the accident, and replaced it with a new route including newly excavated.[17].
  • 1979(54)5/15 : The direct connection bridge to Chugoku Expressway in Suita JCT opens.
  • 1980(55)
    • 1/8 : Seta Nishi IC opened.
    • 4/7 : Connected to Hokuriku Expressway by opening Maibara JCT.
  • 1981(56)8/28 : Ryuo IC opened.
  • 1983(58)3/24 : Gifu Hashima IC opened.
  • 1988(63)
  • 1991(Heisei3 years)5/28 - 6/2 : First implementation of Meishin refreshment work (currently Meishin intensive work).
  • 1994(6): Chugoku Expressway-Suita IC / JCT reconstruction work such as the construction of a new Suita main line tollhouse in Kinki Expressway is completed.
  • 1996(8)12/20 : Ritto IC-Seta-higashi IC has 6 lanes (4)LaneWiden to 6 lanes)[39].
  • 1998(10)
    • 7/19 : Kyoto Minami IC-Suita IC has 6 lanes (4 lanes have been widened to 6 lanes. The tunnel has 2 left and right routes <2 lanes for each of the upper and lower routes>, widening to a total of 8 lanes)[39].
    • 12/13 : Connected to Tokai Hokuriku Road by opening Ichinomiya JCT.
  • 1999(11)3/4 : Opened Owari Ichinomiya PA (up line).
  • 2001(13)
    • 3/29 : Opened Owari Ichinomiya PA (down line).
    • 10/19 : Connected to Nagoya Expressway No. 11 Komaki Line at Komaki IC.
    • December 12: Kamiishizu PA is abolished.
  • 2003(15)
    • 8/10 : With the opening of Mt. Ooyamazaki JCT, Seta-higashi JCT --Mt. Ooyamazaki JCTKeiji Bypass2 routes with.
    • 12/24 : Mt. Ooyamazaki IC opened.
  • 2005(17)
  • 2006(18)4/1 : Kusatsu JCT --Seta-higashi JCT / IC started 8-lane construction.
  • 2008(20)2/23 : Kusatsu JCT --Connected with the new Meishin by incorporating the Kusatsu-Tanaue IC into the new Meishin.
  • 2009(21)
    • 3/13 : Shiga Prefecture submits Kotosanzan Smart IC / Gamo Smart IC implementation plan to NEXCO Central Japan / NEXCO West Japan.
    • 3/20 : Kusatsu JCT --Seta-higashi JCT / IC has 8 lanes (6 lanes widened to 8 lanes).
    • 6/30 : Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism permits construction of Koto Sanzan smart IC and Gamo smart IC.
  • 2012(24)9/15 : Tokai Kanjo Expressway Ogaki Nishi IC-With the opening of the Yoro JCT, the Yoro JCT is in service.
  • 2013(25)
    • 4/21 : Kyoto Jukan Expressway Kutsukake IC --Connected to Mt. Ooyamazaki JCT with the opening of the IC / JCT.
    • 6/11 : Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism permits construction of Anpachi smart IC and Yoro smart IC.
    • 10/21 : Koto Sanzan smart IC service started. At the same time, the name was changed from Hataso PA to Koto Sanzan PA.
    • 12/22 : Gamo smart IC service started.
  • 2015(27)7/1 : 50 years have passed since the opening of the entire Meishin Expressway.
  • 2016(28)3/19 : Ritto Konan IC in service[40].
  • 2017(29)12/10 : Takatsuki JCT / IC in service[41].
  • 2018(30)
    • 3/24 : Anpachi smart IC service started[42].
    • 6/24 : Yoro SA smart IC service started[43].

Route status

Lane / maximum speed

The standard lane width of the Meishin Expressway is 1 per lane.MetersMade of[16].. This was the standard for highway lane width in the United States when highways were first introduced in Japan12.フ ィ ー トIs directly imported as it is, and is the standard unit of Japanese length.Metric systemIs the result of conversion to[16].. Due to historical circumstances, the lane width of national expressways that have been deployed nationwide after the construction of the Meishin Expressway has been unified to 3.5 meters (excluding the central lane of three lanes) based on the metric system.[16].

Unlike Tomei, the maximum speed is 80 km / hRestrictionSince there are many sections with, be careful not to overspeed.

sectionLaneTop speedRemarks
Up and down lineUp lineoutbound line
Komaki IC-Yoro SA422100 km / h
Yoro SA-Hikone Tunnel080 km / h※ 1
Hikone Tunnel-Kora PA trace100 km / h
Kora PA trace-Hyakusaiji BS080 km / h
Hyakusaiji BS-Ryuo IC100 km / h
Ryuo IC-Ritto Konan IC080 km / h
Ritto Konan IC-Ritto IC100 km / h
Ritto IC-Kusatsu JCT633
Kusatsu JCT --Seta Higashi JCT / IC844※ 2
Seta Higashi JCT / IC --Otsu IC / SA422
Otsu IC / SA --Kyoto Minami IC080 km / h
Kyoto Minami IC --Mt. Ooyamazaki JCT / IC front633
Around Mt. Ooyamazaki JCT / IC732 + 2
Tennozan Tunnel-Kajiwara Tunnel82 + 22 + 2
Kajiwara Tunnel-Takatsuki JCT / IC743
Takatsuki JCT / IC --Suita JCT / IC633※ 3
Suita JCT / IC --Near Suita BS trace422※ 4
Near Suita BS trace --Nishinomiya TB100 km / h
  • * 1: There is an uphill lane before and after Ibuki PA on the up line and in front of the Imasu tunnel on the down line.
  • * 2: When heading from Shin-Meishin Expressway to Kyoto / Osaka via Kusatsu JCT, or from Keiji Bypass via Seta-higashi JCT to Hokuriku / Nagoya via this line or Shin-Meishin Expressway, be sure to Must pass through this sectionbottleneckIt has become. Therefore, vehicles from 2 lanes of Meishin (2 lanes) + Keiji Bypass (4 lanes) on the up line and 2 lanes of Meishin (2 lanes) + New Meishin (4 lanes) on the down line will be consolidated. Vehicle flow has deteriorated due to merging from junctions and parking areas, causing a lot of traffic congestion. Approximately one year and one month after the opening of the Shin-Meishin Expressway, the traffic was changed from three lanes on each side to four lanes on each side, but the traffic congestion has not been completely eliminated. It is expected that the traffic congestion will be resolved by the maintenance between Otsu JCT and Takatsuki JCT of the new Meishin Expressway. By the way, the section between Mt. Ooyamazaki JCT and Suita JCT was a bottleneck section for a long time. However, on March 1, 1, the Dainikeihan Road was fully opened, the bottleneck condition was resolved, and traffic congestion near Takatsuki BS and Suita JCT was alleviated.
  • * 3: There is a climbing lane ahead of Takatsuki BS on the up line.
  • * 4: The Senriyama tunnel used to be 70 km / h.

Traffic restrictions during snowfall

Ogaki IC-Ryuo IC12から3During the winter typePressure patternWhen is strengthenedSnowfallMay become. 10-15 at Meishin ExpresswayMinuteEvery other snowplow regimentSnow removalWork and freeze prevention work are being carried out.SnowfallThe speed of the section will be 50 km / h, and in the snow removal / freezing prevention work section, the work vehicle regiment will be prohibited from overtaking, and at the same time, the work vehicle itself will block the lane and forcibly reduce the speed.For this reason, the section is large, 10 km or more.Traffic jambecome.However, unlike traffic jams such as the rush to return home, the speed is constantly about 50 km / h, so the required time will not increase significantly.

Since we are doing large-scale work 24 hours a day, it is normal in operation.タ イ ヤHowever, it is possible to pass through, but when the snowfall becomes stronger, fresh snow accumulates on the road surface at points away from the snow removal unit, which causes it.sherbetIt can be in a very dangerous situation, such as in a state or frozen state (which is also the reason for maintaining speed by the above-mentioned work vehicle regiment). If the snowfall becomes more intense and the snow removal cannot keep up, traffic closure measures will be taken.

Also, in the winter season around Sekigaharathe weatherSuddenly changed and suddenlysnowA "guerrilla snow" phenomenon occurs in which the view is obstructed by falling. For this reason, NEXCO Central JapanTV / radio commercialThen, it is announced that "the Meishin of winter is a snowy country".

Due to the partial opening of the new Meishin Expressway on February 2008, 20, the Sekigahara and Maibara districts will be opened.DetourYou can now do it. Since it has become possible to run non-slip vehicles on the Shin-Meishin Expressway, which has relatively little snow damage, in recent years, in the case of heavy snowfall, chain regulation measures have been taken in the Sekigahara and Maibara areas as well.

Road facilities

Road lights are installed between Kyoto-Higashi IC and Toyonaka IC.

Service area / parking area

The Meishin Expressway has a lot of traffic throughout the section, soHashima parking area (PA) ・ Down line,Koto Sanzan PAAll exceptservice area-Parking areaThere is a shop in. Also,Otsu SAWith all service areas exceptKusatsu PATogas stationBut,Suita SA(Down line) In all service areasRestaurantIs installed. All gas stations are open 24 hours a day.

OnceGifuからShigaA large number of service areas and parking areas were set up in the section extending to.Ogaki IC-Yokaichi IC (59.7 km) has 2 service areas and 5 parking areas, especially Hikone IC-Yokaichi IC (21.2 km) has 3 areas: Taga SA, Kora PA, and Hataso PA (currently Koto Sanzan PA) Was installed continuously[Annotation 10], Bamba PA around 1975 (Showa 50)[Annotation 11], 2001 (Heisei 13), Kamiishizu PA, 2005 (17)Japan Highway Public CorporationPrivatizationKora PA was abolished just before.

Was the first president of the Japan Highway Public CorporationKishi MichizoWas a person who embodied special consideration for the harmony between the historical environment and the expressway at the time of construction of the Meishin Expressway, and during the construction of Sakurai PA, which was located between Kyoto and Osaka, during the Heian period at the direction of Kishi. poetKojiju of the waiting nightPlan changes were also made to preserve the tomb and the three pine trees that surround it.[44].. Meishin Expressway widens to 6 lanes and Sakurai PAKatsuragawa PAWhen relocated to, the tomb of Kojiju was moved along a nearby highway and is now managed by the local government.[44].

Main tunnels and bridges

  • Kisogawa Bridge (Ichinomiya IC-Hashima PA): 1,014 m
  • Nagara River Bridge (Gifu-Hashima IC-Ogaki IC): 630 m
  • Ibigawa Bridge (Gifu-Hashima IC-Ogaki IC): 349 m
  • Imasu Tunnel (Sekigahara IC-Ibuki PA): Up line 380 m Down line 387 m
  • Sekigahara Tunnel (Sekigahara IC-Ibuki PA): Up line 223 m Down line 243 m
  • Maibara Tunnel (Maibara JCT-Hikone IC): Up line 170 m Down line 150 m
  • Hikone Tunnel (Maibara JCT --Hikone IC): Up line 430 m Down line 427 m
  • Nosugawabashi (Bodaiji PA-Ritto IC)
  • Seta River Bridge (Seta Nishi IC-Otsu IC / SA): 500 m
  • Otsu Tunnel (Otsu IC / SA-Kyoto Higashi IC): Up line 430 m Down line 418 m
  • Semimaru Bridge (Otsu IC / SA --Kyoto Higashi IC): 62 m
  • Semimaru Tunnel (Otsu IC / SA --Kyoto Higashi IC): Up line 387 m Down line 376 m
  • Katsura River Bridge (Kyoto Minami IC-Katsura River PA)
  • Tennozan Tunnel(Mt. Ooyamazaki JCT / IC --Takatsuki JCT / IC)
  • Kajiwara Tunnel(Mt. Ooyamazaki JCT / IC --Takatsuki JCT / IC)
  • Senriyama Tunnel (Suita SA-Toyonaka IC): 508 m
  • Inagawa Bridge (Toyonaka IC-Amagasaki IC)
  • Mukogawabashi (Amagasaki IC-Nishinomiya IC)
Number of tunnels
sectionUp lineoutbound lineRemarks
Komaki IC-Sekigahara IC00
Sekigahara IC-Ibuki PA22
Ibuki PA-Maibara JCT00
Maibara JCT --Hikone IC22
Hikone IC-Taga SA00
Taga SA-Koto Sanzan PA11※ 1
Koto Sanzan PA-Otsu IC00
Otsu IC-Kyoto East IC22
Kyoto Higashi IC --Mt. Ooyamazaki JCT / IC00
Mt. Ooyamazaki JCT / IC --Takatsuki JCT / IC33※ 2
Takatsuki JCT / IC --Suita SA00
Suita SA-Toyonaka IC11
Toyonaka IC-Nishinomiya IC00
Total1111
  • * 1: There is a Saimei-ji tunnel,tunnelAt the entrancetunnelThere are no signs indicating the name or length. here,Koto SanzanCounted as one ofSaimyoji TempleIn order to protect the historical and natural environment, the road structure was underground so that the scenery of the approach road would not be spoiled.[45].
  • * 2: Contact Kyoto-Osaka道路,TrainOf which, in this sectiontunnelThere is only the Meishin. Mt. Ooyamazaki JCT / IC --The number of tunnels at Takatsuki JCT / IC is for the up line and down line right route. There are two down line left routes (because the Kajiwara tunnel has one down line left route, and the others are separated from the first and second routes.5-28 Sakurai, Shimamoto-cho, Mishima-gun, Osaka Map: Mapion See etc. )

Road manager

  • NEXCO Central Japan Nagoya branch
    • Hashima Conservation and Service Center: Komaki IC-Sekigahara IC
    • Hikone Conservation and Service Center: Sekigahara IC-Yokaichi IC (including Yokaichi IC)
  • NEXCO West Japan Kansai branch
    • Shiga Expressway Office: Yokaichi IC-Kyoto Higashi IC
    • Kyoto Expressway Office: Kyoto Higashi IC-Takatsuki JCT / IC
    • Osaka Expressway Office: Takatsuki JCT / IC --Nishinomiya IC

Highway radio

  • Ichinomiya (Komaki IC-Ichinomiya IC)
  • Meishin Kisogawa (Ichinomiya JCT --Gifu Hashima IC)
  • Ogaki (Gifu-Hashima IC-Ogaki IC)
  • Yoro (Ogaki IC-Sekigahara IC)
  • Sekigahara (Yoro SA-Sekigahara IC)
  • Ibuki (Sekigahara IC-Maibara JCT)
  • Maibara (Maibara JCT-Hikone IC)
  • Koto Sanzan (Hikone IC-Yokaichi IC)
  • Yokaichi (Yokaichi IC-Ryuo IC)
  • Bodaiji Temple (Ryuo IC-Ritto IC)
  • Ritto (Ritto IC-Kusatsu JCT)
  • Kusatsu (Ritto IC-Seta Nishi IC)
  • Seta (Seta Nishi IC-Otsu IC / SA)
  • Kyoto (Kyoto East IC-Kyoto Minami IC)
  • Anthelion (Kyoto Minami IC --Mt. Ooyamazaki JCT / IC)
  • Kajiwara (Mt. Ooyamazaki JCT / IC --Takatsuki JCT / IC)
  • Takatsuki (Takatsuki JCT / IC-Ibaraki IC)
  • Ibaraki (Ibaraki IC-Suita SA)
  • Suita (Suita SA-Toyonaka IC)
  • Amagasaki (Toyonaka IC-Amagasaki IC)

NEXCO Central Japan Nagoya BranchNEXCO West Japan Kansai BranchOn the east side of the Yokaichi IC, which is the management boundary of It is divided into forms that start with a 4-point chime of Suita control (Suita control is "This is the West Nippon Expressway side XX (station name)" at regular intervals.Office name announcementEnter). In addition, due to the large amount of traffic and selected routes, information on the time required from the highway radio broadcasting section to the main ICs is broadcast in addition to traffic congestion and regulatory information within Suita control. In the past, the broadcasting format was divided at the Sekigahara IC, but just before the privatization, the Sekigahara IC-Yokaichi IC was transferred from the JH Kansai branch office at that time to the JH Chubu branch office, and after privatization, Suita control was changed to Ichinomiya control. It was transferred.

Traffic volume

24-hour traffic(Table) Road traffic census

section17 (Heisei 2005)22 (Heisei 2010)27 (Heisei 2015)
Komaki IC-Ichinomiya IC084,007062,974060,439
Ichinomiya IC-Ichinomiya JCT093,808088,783091,820
Ichinomiya JCT --Gifu Hashima IC074,152061,793065,233
Gifu Hashima IC-Ampachi SIC063,266049,365051,546
Anpachi SIC-Ogaki IC
Ogaki IC-Yoro JCT053,826038,570041,947
Yoro JCT-Yoro SASIC040,581
Yoro SASIC-Sekigahara IC
Sekigahara IC-Maibara JCT052,412037,578039,864
Maibara JCT --Hikone IC057,172045,028047,461
Hikone IC-Koto Sanzan PASIC058,415045,859048,048
Koto Sanzan PASIC-Yokaichi IC049,435
Yokaichi IC-Gamo SIC062,698051,147055,264
Gamo SIC-Ryuo IC055,264
Ryuo IC-Ritto Konan IC074,541062,847064,560
Ritto Konan IC-Ritto IC
Ritto IC-Kusatsu JCT090,772077,764078,803
Kusatsu JCT --Seta Higashi IC092,277112,999122,362
Seta Higashi IC --Seta Nishi IC071,218074,354081,246
Seta Nishi IC-Otsu IC081,223082,067088,409
Otsu IC-Kyoto East IC082,385081,161089,029
Kyoto East IC-Kyoto South IC080,900077,739084,939
Kyoto Minami IC --Mt. Ooyamazaki JCT / IC097,045088,873092,218
Mt. Ooyamazaki JCT / IC --Takatsuki JCT / IC124,749111,098116,446
Takatsuki JCT / IC-Ibaraki IC
Ibaraki IC-Suita JCT137,671122,911127,486
Suita JCT --Suita IC101,657081,233082,665
Suita IC-Toyonaka IC068,182060,693067,066
Toyonaka IC-Amagasaki IC052,147045,322051,969
Amagasaki IC-Nishinomiya IC044,904037,419044,328

(Source: "22 Road Traffic Census"27 National Road / Street Traffic Situation Survey"(Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismCreated by excerpting some data from the homepage)

As with the Tomei Expressway, there is heavy traffic and heavy traffic is heavy day and night, regardless of the time of year. For this reason, the road surface is damaged quickly, and the Meishin intensive construction with lane restrictions is carried out about once a year in late May. In this case, the traffic will be heavier than usual.

Although the construction period is different, in Tomei, which also has a lot of trafficTomei intensive constructionHowever, the Suita JCT on the Chugoku Expressway-Intensive construction on the Chugoku Expressway is underway near the Takarazuka IC. At the time of introduction, Meishin used to call it "refresh work" from 1991 (Heisei 3) to 2006 (18), but now it has changed its name to "intensive work" like the Tomei Expressway and Chugoku Expressway. ing.

In addition, Shin-Meishin Expressway andDaini Keihan RoadDue to the opening of the road, the traffic volume decreased in some sections in the 2010 survey.

2002 (2003 Japan Highway Public Corporation Annual Report)

  • Average daily traffic
    • Average for all sections: 7 units (1810% compared to the previous year)
    • Maximum: Ibaraki IC --Suita JCT: 12 units (584% compared to the previous year)
    • Minimum: Amagasaki IC --Nishinomiya IC: 4 units (4024% compared to the previous year)
  • Traffic volume
    • Annual: 9051 units (5442% compared to the previous year)
    • Daily average: 24 units
  • Fee income
    • Annual: 1361 yen (4239% compared to the previous year)
    • Daily average: 3 yen

Geography

Municipality to pass through

* 1: oldKamiishizu Town OfEnclavesection

Highway to connect

Issue

  • On July 1963, 38 (Showa 7), a kind of stamp (15 yen) commemorating the opening of the Meishin Expressway was issued.

Gallery

Related item

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Therefore, it is wrong to call "Meishin Expressway" or "Tomei Expressway", and conversely other expressways "China Expressway" or "Tohoku Expressway".
  2. ^ After the opening of the entire Meishin Expressway1965(40)9/14ToOsaka ExpoAlthough there was an Ibaraki IC relatively close to the Expo site when it was decided to hold the event, it was judged that the existing Ibaraki IC alone was not sufficient for the route to the Expo site, so it was better than the Ibaraki IC. Furthermore, it is close to the venue and the venueSuita CityIt was decided in a hurry to install Suita IC in.
  3. ^ Ibaraki IC (4) / Toyonaka IC (3) → Ibaraki IC (34) / Toyonaka IC (36)1970(45)3/1Until the Suita IC was put into service, No. 35 was an empty number.
  4. ^ Meishin branch --The kilometer post between the new Meishin branch is on the left side of the number.W"Alphabet is written.
  5. ^ The "Imasu curve", which was made linear along the contour line avoiding tunnel excavation, had a steeper radius of 280 m compared to other places, and many accidents occurred. Replaced by "Imasu Tunnel"Abandoned roadIt became.
  6. ^ Gradient in the direction perpendicular to the lane.
  7. ^ According to the description on page 24 of Busrama International No. 36 "Special Feature: JNR-Meishin Tomei / Meishin Highway Bus", the manufacturer at that time was considering a running test of about 5 to 10 km, and JNR was considering a running test of 20 km. He requested the above driving test, but it was decided to be 20 km due to the limitation of development time.
  8. ^ However, at the stage of planning the route west of Nagoya, in addition to the route via Maibara, from NagoyaMieKameyama City,KyotoKizugawaTo reach Osaka viaNational Route 163Routes along the route have also been considered.
  9. ^ At the time of designation, it was also decided to receive the recommendation of Dorsh in the linear and bridge design.
  10. ^ At that time, it was the only section where three service areas and parking areas were set up in one section.
  11. ^ It used to be near Maibara JCT.
  12. ^ To head from Nishinomiya to Chugoku Expressway, take part at the Meishin Suita IC and go via the general road.Suita IC, ChinaYou need to re-enter from.

Source

  1. ^ "Expressway Numbering List”. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 2020/11/20Browse.
  2. ^ a b c Ken Asai 2001, pp. 56-57.
  3. ^ a b Ken Asai 2001, p. 62.
  4. ^ Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Road Bureau Road Counseling Room - Wayback machine(For archived March 2009, 12)
  5. ^ "Highways and Cars" 1963 Edition
  6. ^ "Traffic conditions and maintenance effects for the second half of the opening of the Shin-Meishin Expressway (between Kameyama Junction and Kusatsu-Tanakami Interchange)" (Press Release), West Nippon Expressway Company, Ltd., (September 2008, 9), http://corp.w-nexco.co.jp/corporate/release/kansai/h20/0919/ 
  7. ^ "Shin-Yokkaichi-Kameyama-nishi opens New Meishin, Higashi-Meihan congestion relief”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun (May 2019, 3). 2019/3/18Browse.
  8. ^ "Gifu Miwa, Yoro, Anpachi Smart IC will be allowed to connect early next month". Gifu Shimbun Web (Gifu Shimbun). (January 2013, 5). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 5.. https://web.archive.org/web/20130624004318/http://www.gifu-np.co.jp/news/kennai/20130528/201305280930_20121.shtml 
  9. ^ "Expressway in Shiga Prefecture”. Shiga Prefecture Homepage (October 2018, 10). 2021/1/15Browse.
  10. ^ "We gave a business permit to a highway company and adopted it for a preparatory stage survey of smart interchanges. (PDF)”. Road Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (July 2020, 10). 2020/10/23Browse.
  11. ^ “Directly connected to Meishin Expressway and Kyoto Highway, Kyoto Minami JCT will be newly established in 2028”. Kyoto Shimbun (Kyoto Shimbun). (January 2017, 3). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 4.. https://web.archive.org/web/20170401001542/http://www.kyoto-np.co.jp/economy/article/20170331000171 2017/9/10Browse. 
  12. ^ a b c Takebe Kenichi 2015, pp. 189–191.
  13. ^ Takebe Kenichi 2015, p. 190.
  14. ^ Takebe Kenichi 2015, p. 183.
  15. ^ a b Kazuya Takekuni 2014, p. 10.
  16. ^ a b c d Takebe Kenichi 2015, p. 195.
  17. ^ a b "What was the "Magic Curve" on the Meishin Expressway? The Meishin Expressway was partly abandoned due to frequent accidents.”. (June 2020, 4). 2020/4/3Browse.
  18. ^ Takebe Kenichi 2015, pp. 193–194.
  19. ^ Takebe Kenichi 2015, p. 199.
  20. ^ a b c d e f Kazuya Takekuni 2014, p. 11.
  21. ^ Meishin Expressway | Commemorative / Special Stamp Issued in 1963 Japan Postal Hobby Association
  22. ^ "Peaceful". Kobe Shimbun NEXT (Kobe Shimbun). (January 2013, 7). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 8.. https://web.archive.org/web/20130823030127/http://www.kobe-np.co.jp/column/seihei/201307/0006163379.shtml 
  23. ^ NEXCO West Japan Frequently Asked Questions 13-5. Highway Interesting Information A1
  24. ^ a b c "Shin Tomei, the rest of the section ... Why Chuo Expressway changed its name". NIKKEI STYLE (Nikkei BP). (November 2012, 9). http://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXNASFK12038_T10C12A9000000/?df=3 2012/11/23Browse. 
  25. ^ "Japan Highway Public Corporation / Meishin Expressway (Amagasaki-Ritto) -Japan's first expressway project". 31 projects in which Japan received a loan from the World Bank. World BankTokyo office. 2018/7/1Browse.
  26. ^ "40 Opening of the entire Meishin Expressway". History of the Nagoya Chamber of Commerce. Nagoya Chamber of Commerce. 2018/7/1Browse.
  27. ^ a b "From the dawn of Japan's highways to today (PDF) [Satoshi Matsuura (Civil Engineering Design Office); from "2009, 30th Summer Workshop Paper"] --From the Fujii Basic Design Office website
  28. ^ National Expressway Construction Council (ed.) "Expressway Handbook 2007" 2007, p. 13
  29. ^ a b c d "Study on the design concept of German engineer Dorsh on the Meishin Expressway (PDF) [From "Masako Hashimoto and Ushio Saito;" Landscape and Design Research Papers "No. 8 (June 2010)]
  30. ^ "Meishin Expressway construction site". Field Museum Kyoto. Ishibumi databaseKyoto City Library of Historical Documents. 2018/7/1Browse.
  31. ^ Kansai University Centennial History Compilation Committee "Kansai University Centennial History", Volume XNUMX,Kansai University, 1986, pp. 93-95
  32. ^ "50 years of highway (PDF)”. Highway Survey Committee. P. 36. 2018/7/1Browse.
  33. ^ Tadao Umesao "Exploring Japan" (1960)
  34. ^ "Kansai University 109 Year History", Volume 111, pp. XNUMX-XNUMX
  35. ^ "Kansai University 111 Year History", Volume 113, pp. XNUMX-XNUMX
  36. ^ "Kansai University 114 Year History", Volume 116, pp. XNUMX-XNUMX
  37. ^ a b National Expressway Construction Council (ed.) "Expressway Handbook 2007" 2007, p. 14
  38. ^ Edited by Yonehara Town History Committee 1999, p. 1221.
  39. ^ a b National Expressway Construction Council (ed.) "Expressway Handbook 2007" 2007, p. 18
  40. ^ “With the connection between the Meishin Expressway and the Ritto Konan Road (Regional High Standard Highways), the Ritto Konan Toll Office will start operating-the interchange (IC) will be named“ Ritto Konan IC ”. ― ” (Press Release), West Nippon Expressway Company, Ltd., (September 2016, 2), http://corp.w-nexco.co.jp/corporate/release/kansai/h28/0224/ 2016/2/24Browse. 
  41. ^ "E1A Shin-Meishin Expressway (between Takatsuki JCT / IC and Kawanishi IC) will open on Sunday, December 29, 12" (Press Release), West Nippon Expressway Company, Ltd., (September 2017, 11), http://corp.w-nexco.co.jp/corporate/release/hq/h29/1107/ 2017/11/10Browse. 
  42. ^ “E1 Meishin Expressway Anpachi Smart Interchange will open at 2018:3 on Saturday, March 24, 16.” (Press Release), Ampachi Town / Central Nippon Expressway Co., Ltd., (February 2018, 2), http://www.c-nexco.co.jp/corporate/pressroom/news_release/4234.html 2018/2/13Browse. 
  43. ^ “E1 Meishin Expressway Yoro SA Smart Interchange will open at 2018:6 on Sunday, June 24, 15.” (Press Release), Yoro Town / Central Nippon Expressway Co., Ltd., (May 2018, 5), http://www.c-nexco.co.jp/corporate/pressroom/news_release/4298.html 2018/5/22Browse. 
  44. ^ a b Takebe Kenichi 2015, pp. 213–214.
  45. ^ Takebe Kenichi 2015, p. 214, "Natural and historical environment"

References

  • Kenji Asai "Dictionary to understand roads and roads"Japan Business Publisher, November 2001, 11, first edition.ISBN 4-534-03315-X.
  • National Highway Construction Council (ed.) "Highway Handbook 2007" National Highway Construction Council, August 2007, 8rd edition.
  • Kenichi Takebe "Japanese History of Roads"Central public opinion new company<Chukou Shinsho>, May 2015, 5.ISBN 978-4-12-102321-6.
  • Edited by the Yonehara Town History Committee, "Yonehara Town History", History Edition, March 1999.
  • Kazuya Takekuni, "The Role of Civil Engineering in the Past, Present, and Future of Kansai -Construction of the Meishin Expressway-", Journal of the Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 99, No. 9, 2014, pp. 10-11.

外部 リンク

National Route 176

National Route 176(Kokudo 176)KyotoMiyazu CityからHyogoTamba regionViaOsakaOsakaKitaLeading toGeneral national road.

Overview

OriginMiyazu CityFromKyotoChutan areaIsFukuchiyama CityThroughHyogoThen.Tamba Mt. SasayamaSuch asTamba areaAndTakarazukaSuch asHanshin North Area,OsakaToyonaka CitySuch asToyono areaIs the end point viaOsaka OfUmeda ShindoIt is a line leading to an intersection.

Route data

Cabinet Order Designating Routes of General National Roads[1][Annotation 1]The starting and ending points and the places of progress based on are as follows.

History

currentRoad lawBased on (Law No. 27 of 180)Second-class national highwayIt was one of the routes that was first designated as in 1953 (Showa 28), and was initially designated as the Fukuchiyama Osaka Line (Fukuchiyama City-Osaka City).[5]..Of these, the section from Ikeda City to Osaka City is1933(Showa8 years)Industrial roadPrefectural road Osaka Ikeda line (separate from the current Osaka prefectural road No. 1) is the predecessor[6][7][8].. Kyoto Prefecture in 1970 (Showa 45)Main local roadIncorporated No. 10 Fukuchiyama Miyazu Line to the present[9][10].

Chronological Table


Route status

North of Fukuchiyama City
1969(44)12/4Of the section north of Fukuchiyama City Tianjin on the Kyoto Prefecture Principal Local Road No. 176 Fukuchiyama Miyazu Line, which was incorporated into National Route 10 by the General National Highway Ordinance, the steep slope continues from Yosano Town Yoza to Fukuchiyama City Tianjin.This section was narrow and had many curves when it was first incorporated into the national highway, but it was unpaved.1984The improvement work was completed in (59) and it became a comfortable tourist road.The Yosano-cho side of the Yosano tunnel was improved at about the same time.National Route 173of"Haragatawa Pass(Toyono-gun, Osaka)Nose Town) AndTenno PassThere is a large curve on the slope that is very similar to (Nose Town).Even now, there are still several national highway signs with "176" written on the old road.
Ikeda / Toyonaka city
On the Osaka side of Route 176, Ikeda City, Toyonaka City and Osaka City are connected, but as mentioned above, they are also parallel.Osaka Prefecture Route 10 Osaka Ikeda LineHas a wider number of lanes and more traffic.The section from Shin-Sangokubashi, which is the border between Toyonaka City and Osaka City, to 2-chome, Shiroyama-cho, Toyonaka City is a four-lane road with two lanes on each side.National Route 171,National Route 163As with some sections, there are many intersections that do not have pockets for turning right, and there are no medians, so you need to be careful when driving.HankyuIshibashi Osaka Station OfMinoh LineThere are two railroad crossings, "Prefectural Road South" and "Prefectural Road North", just below the place where the platform crosses with a viaduct, which is a remnant of the Prefectural Road Osaka Ikeda Line (first generation).
Near Osaka Station
Near the end pointOsaka StationPassing just east of, there is a lot of traffic in this area.There is not much traffic on weekdays, and traffic is heavier on holidays, especially in the morning of holidays, which is almost always severe.Furthermore, this traffic jam is not only from Route 176, but also from the intersection in front of Saiseikai Hospital.Johoku Koen DoriIt often extends in the direction, and buses passing through it are often delayed by an hour to an hour and a half.

bypass

  • Miyazu Bypass (Suginosue, Miyazu City, Kyoto Prefecture-Suzu, Miyazu City, Kyoto Prefecture)
  • Kanegasaka Bypass (Hyogo Prefecture)Tamba cityKamiogura, Kashiwabara Town-Hyogo PrefectureTamba Mt. SasayamaIntrusion)
Kaetsuya Bypass
The Kayadani Bypass runs from Ishikawa, Yosano-cho, Yosano-gun, Kyoto Prefecture to Yosano-cho, Kyoto Prefecture.Bypass roadIs. Opened in 1994 (Heisei 6)[15]..Archaeological excavations conducted during the construction of the bypass discovered settlements (Wonjiang ruins) in the late Yayoi period, Kofun period, and Heian period.[16].
Najio Road
Najio Road is a 3 km long bypass road from Kamiyamaguchi, Yamaguchi-cho, Nishinomiya-shi to Sakaemachi 10.56-chome, Takarazuka-shi. In 1985 (Showa 60), the city plan was decided and commercialized.This section connects the northern part of Hanshin and the Hanshin metropolitan area, but there are no sidewalks and includes a section where traffic is restricted during abnormal weather.In addition, although it is a two-lane section with many curves, there is a traffic volume of 2 vehicles per day, of which 1 are large vehicles.Since this line, which was less damaged during the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, functioned as an alternative road, it is considered to be a road that should be promoted in the earthquake disaster reconstruction plan.[17][18].
20157/261.4 km of Najio, Shiose-cho, Nishinomiya City was opened in Japan, and the congestion on the existing road was eased.9% of large vehicles have switched from the current road to bypass, and the neighborhoodJRNishinomiya Meisho StationThere are no more than 10 fixed-route buses that arrive for 50 minutes or more a month.[19].
It is the time required when the entire Najio Road is opened, but according to the estimation released by the Hanshin National Highway Office (current), Takarazuka Station-Chugoku Expressway Nishinomiya Kita ICThe interval of 51 minutes (before the start of construction) will be shortened to 16 minutes after the opening of the entire line.When the improvement work of this Najio road is completed, the upper and lower four lanes have already been completed.Hakkei Junior High SchoolFrom the front intersectionNishinomiya Yamaguchi East LampTogether with the intersection and the section from Takarazuka City to the bypass of Ikeda City (described later), the four lanes above and below from Sanda City to Ikeda City will be completed.In addition, the two cities will be connected in about 4 minutes.
Takarazuka City-Bypass of Ikeda City
From Takarazuka City, Hyogo Prefecture to Ikeda City, Osaka Prefecture, there is an unnamed bypass apart from the old road.is thisOsaka ExpoImmediately before1970(45)3It was opened in Japan and functions as a bypass for the narrow main road from Takarazuka City to Ikeda City.At the beginning of the opening, the Hyogo prefecture side is in the opposite lane from the Inagawa Ohashi, which is the boundary between Hyogo prefecture and Osaka prefecture.Chinese motorwayTakarazuka ICThere were four lanes above and below only in the vicinity (Obama Bypass), but now it has been made into a viaduct with the Chugoku Expressway in the center and two lanes separated from each other.Also, if you go straight on this bypass from the Hyogo prefecture side toward Osaka, you will not join the main road again.Osaka Prefectural Route 2 Osaka Central Loop LineOsaka Prefectural Road 10/Hyogo Prefectural Road 100 Osaka Ikeda LineMany cars use this route from the Takarazuka area to Osaka city (the central loop line isShin-MidosujiVia. ).
The road law setting for this bypass is to branch off from National Highway No. 176 at the Takarazuka Kagaku Theater intersection in Takarazuka City, and from the Toyoshima Minami 1-chome intersection (side road) in Ikeda City to National Highway No. 171 (main road / former 171). It will be an overlapping section and will merge again with National Highway No. 176 at the Ishibashi-Handaishita intersection in Ikeda city.The bypass managers are the Takarazuka Civil Engineering Office in Hyogo Prefecture and the Ikeda Civil Engineering Office in Osaka Prefecture.On the other hand, the main road running alongside this bypass remained a designated section under direct control until March 2020, 3 in Osaka Prefecture. In Takarazuka City, where two national highways 31 overlap, the main road with one lane on each side is called "former Inaroku" to distinguish it.
The four-lane section from this bypass to the west was extended to the Sakaemachi 4-chome intersection in Takarazuka City along with the JR / Hankyu Takarazuka station square redevelopment project.
In addition, this bypass isDiesel vehicle regulation regulationsAlthough it passes through Itami City, which is subject to the above, it is possible for vehicles subject to entry bans to pass through this bypass (up to the border between Hyogo and Osaka prefectures) because the front and back are sandwiched between Takarazuka City, which is not subject to regulation.
Juso Bypass
Juso Bypass is in Osaka CityYodogawa Ward3.5 km from to Kita-ku, the city[20]Bypass road.Most of the area north of Juso-ohashi is a one-way street to the north.
Juso OhashiaroundYodogawaStraddlebridgeThere are few, and in the 30's of the Showa erathirteenChronic around the intersection of Nakatsu and MinamizumeTraffic jamIn order to eliminate this, a plan was made for the construction of a new bridge that straddles the Yodo River and the construction of a bypass that will elevate the entire line.[20][21].Juso StationAroundDowntownBy the route that bypasses1962Implemented in 37 years from the start of the project (Showa 5)[20][21]And1966(41)10/20ToShinjusoo BridgeIs completed, the next1967(42)6/75 years from the start of the business5100 million yen[Source required]The entire bypass line was completed and put into service with the project cost of[20][22]..Also, in JusoTakeda PharmaceuticalThere is a dedicated entrance to the company, passing through the premises of[23].

Popular name

  • Inaroku (common name for some districts)
  • Tamba no Mori Kaido (Tamba City Inashige Intersection-Tamba Mt. Sasayama City Kusano)[24][25]
  • Nose Kaido(Old highway. Parallel from Ikeda city to Osaka city)
  • Takarazuka Odori (Takarazuka city)
  • Industrial road(Ikeda City-Osaka City)[7][8]
  • Thirteen muscles(Juso intersection-Nakatsuhama intersection)
  • Midosuji(Hanshin-mae intersection- Umeda Shindointersection)

Road facilities

Road Station

Geography

Municipality to pass through

Crossing road

Route bus passing through

Route bus that once passed

Railway line

Gallery

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Notation based on the Cabinet Order of March 2004, 3 (Cabinet Order No. 19 of March 16, 3), which is the last revision date of the Cabinet Order designating general national highway routes.
  2. ^ Yoza-gun merged on February 2006, 2Yosano TownInauguration.
  3. ^ a b c d 2004 towns merged on November 11, 1Tamba cityInauguration.
  4. ^ Four towns merged on April 1999, 4, Mt. Sasayama City (currentlyTamba Mt. Sasayama) Launch.
  5. ^ a b c d e f As of July 2018
  6. ^ 1988(63)4か ら :"History”. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Kinki Regional Development Bureau Hyogo National Highway Office. 2012/10/21Browse.

Source

  1. ^ a b "Ordinance specifying the route of general national highways (March 40, 3 Ordinance No. 29)". e-Gov Law Search. Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsAdministration Bureau. 2012/10/21Browse.
  2. ^ 2058 Tsuruga, Miyazu City, Kyoto Prefecture --- 62 Kyoto Prefecture Notification No. 371 4: "Kyoto Prefecture Bulletin" No. 6166 (issued June 1987, 6) p.16
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Table 26 Current State of Roads by Route and by Prefecture of General National Roads Page white excel.png (Microsoft Excel.Xls)". Road Statistics Annual Report 2019. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and TourismRoad Bureau. 2020/6/23Browse.
  4. ^ "Ordinance for designating designated sections of general national roads (Ordinance No. 33, June 6, 2)". e-Gov Law Search. Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsAdministration Bureau. 2012/10/21Browse.
  5. ^ a b Wikisource includesOrdinance designating second-class national highway routes (Ordinance No. 28 of May 5, 18)There is the original text of.
  6. ^ "A little old time I put it on", Public information Yonaka (Toyonaka City) December 13 issue (Volume 12): 52, (December 2001, 12), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of 2009-06-21., https://web.archive.org/web/20090621033541/http://www.city.toyonaka.osaka.jp/h_file/kohotoyo/200112.html 
  7. ^ a b "Toyonaka Railway Facility, a key point of transportation that supported the development of the town (PDF)", Public information Yonaka (Toyonaka City) December 20 issue (Volume 3): 7, (March 2008, 3) [Broken link]
  8. ^ a b "Ikeda nostalgic encyclopedia (related information on the serial TV novel "Teruteru Kazoku")”. Ikeda City Tourism Association. 2012/10/21Browse.
  9. ^ a b Cabinet Order to partially revise the Cabinet Order to specify the route of general national highways (Cabinet Order No. 44, December 12, 4)
  10. ^ "Abolition of prefectural road line (March 47, 3, Kyoto Prefecture Notification No. 28)", Kyoto Prefectural Bulletin No.4616: 213, (March 1972, 3) 
  11. ^ "Information on the circuit of the national highway 176 closed section" (Press Release), NEXCO West Japan, (April 2016, 4), http://corp.w-nexco.co.jp/corporate/release/kansai/h28/0426/ 2016/6/29Browse. 
  12. ^ Wide area circuit guide map / enlarged view around the circuit (PDF)
  13. ^ "Releasing the closure of National Route 176 due to an accident at the construction site of the Shin-Meishin Expressway" (Press Release), NEXCO West Japan, (April 2016, 7), http://corp.w-nexco.co.jp/corporate/release/kansai/h28/0707/ 2016/7/14Browse. 
  14. ^ "National Route XNUMX Hyogo Prefectural Border-Osaka City Border Transferred-From April XNUMXst to Osaka Prefectural Management-" (Press Release), Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Kinki Regional Development Bureau Osaka National Highway Office, (March 2020, 3), https://www.kkr.mlit.go.jp/osaka/press/2019/86_200330_1.pdf 2020/9/13Browse. 
  15. ^ "Yosano Town Ishikawa Elementary School-School Overview”. Kyoto Prefectural Board of Education. 2019/5/22Browse.
  16. ^ "Atsue Ruins Personnel Information Session Material (PDF)”. Kyoto Prefecture Archaeological Research Center (February 2009, 2). 2019/5/22Browse.
  17. ^ "Najio Road | Business”. Hyogo National Highway Office. 2019/5/22Browse.
  18. ^ "Najio Road Hachiman Tunnel Construction”. Konoike Construction. 2019/5/22Browse.
  19. ^ "We will inform you about the maintenance effect after the opening of Najio Road (PDF)”. Hyogo National Highway Office (March 2016, 3). 2019/5/22Browse.
  20. ^ a b c d Hiroshi Matsumura. “Bridge in Osaka (6) "New XNUMX Bridges"”. Osaka Prefectural Kitano High School Rokuryo Alumni Association. 2012/10/21Browse.
  21. ^ a b "Shinjusoo Bridge”. Osaka City Construction Bureau Road Department Bridge Division. 2012/10/21Browse.
  22. ^ "Events during the period of high economic miracle (chronological table)”. Osaka City General Affairs Bureau Administration Department Archives. As of August 2014, 8オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2012/10/21Browse.
  23. ^ "Osaka Factory / Research Institute Map”. Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited as of November 2012, 11オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2012/10/21Browse.
  24. ^ "Tamba no Mori Kaido”. Planning and Disaster Prevention Division, General Affairs Planning Office, Tamba Prefectural Citizens Bureau, Hyogo Prefecture. 2012/10/21Browse.
  25. ^ "Tamba Sankaido (PDF)". Japan Scenic BywayMinistry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 2012/10/21Browse.

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